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Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

Brian E Sandoval, Jennifer Bell, Parinda Khatri, Patricia J Robinson
Primary care continues to be at the center of health care transformation. The Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model of service delivery includes patient-centered care delivery strategies that can improve clinical outcomes, cost, and patient and primary care provider satisfaction with services. This article reviews the link between the PCBH model of service delivery and health care services quality improvement, and provides guidance for initiating PCBH model clinical pathways for patients facing depression, chronic pain, alcohol misuse, obesity, insomnia, and social barriers to health...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Rui C Campos, Sara Santos, Margarida Piteira, Marta Abreu, Sofia Tavares
The aim of the present study was to test whether perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness are related to suicide ideation, when controlling for depressive symptoms. The sample consisted of elderly patients recovering from acute medical conditions who were recruited in a medical recovery clinic. Results demonstrated that depressive symptoms and thwarted belongingness related to the suicide ideation item of the Beck Depression Inventory-II, used as an indicator of suicide ideation. Depressive symptoms and thwarted belongingness also discriminated between participants with suicide ideation and participants without suicide ideation as defined by suicide items of the Symptom-Driven Diagnostic System for Primary Care...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
James V Cordova, Jeffrey A Cigrang, Tatiana D Gray, Elizabeth Najera, Matt Havrilenko, Crystal Pinkley, Matthew Nielsen, JoLyn Tatum, Kristen Redd
The overall objective of this study was to pilot the Marriage Checkup (MC), a brief intervention for enhancing marital resiliency tailored to a military population, for use by internal behavioral health consultants (IBHCs) working in an integrated primary care clinic. The MC was revised to fit into the fast-paced environment of primary care (e.g., streamlined to fit within three 30-min appointments), and military-relevant material was added to the content. IBHCs working in primary care were then trained to offer the intervention...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Haffiezhah A Azlan, Paul G Overton, Jane Simpson, Philip A Powell
The aim of this study was to explore quantitatively the relationship between disgust responses in cancer patients and their partners, and in turn their relationship to patients' psychological well-being. We recruited 50 participants with heterogeneous cancer diagnoses and their partners from cancer-related groups (e.g., charities). Patients completed questionnaires to determine levels of disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity, self-disgust, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Disgust propensity and sensitivity were also assessed in their partners...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
For bariatric surgery candidates, history of child abuse and PTSD may be under-recognized or under-reported at pre-surgical evaluation. On a range of clinically relevant factors, we studied 3045 candidates for bariatric surgery: (1) those with a history of childhood abuse compared to those without such history; and (2) among candidates with a history of abuse, those with a lifetime diagnosis of PTSD compared to those without that diagnosis. We compared them on current and lifetime eating disorders, physical health problems, health behaviors, physical functioning, psychosocial functioning, psychiatric disorders, emotional wellness, body satisfaction, and self-esteem...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Melissa K Cousino, Rebecca Hazen, Katherine Leigh Josie, Kelly Laschinger, Peter de Blank, H Gerry Taylor
This study examines illness-specific family burden as a mediator of the association between late effects of childhood cancer and survivors' emotional and behavioral outcomes. Childhood cancer survivors (n = 65; ages 10-17) two or more years off-treatment completed measures assessing internalizing and PTSD symptoms. Parents reported on illness-specific family burden, late effects severity, and survivor internalizing/externalizing problems. Providers documented the number of late effects. Illness-specific family burden was correlated with provider-reported late effects (r = ...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Tianyi Xie, Joyce P Yang, Jane M Simoni, Cheng-Shi Shiu, Wei-Ti Chen, Hongxin Zhao, Hongzhou Lu
In China, acute stigma accompanying an HIV diagnosis can lead to self-isolation. In a cultural setting where family relationships are highly valued and contribute critically to well-being, such self-isolation can thwart HIV self-management and engagement in medical care, and so heighten risk for health disparities. To understand this phenomenon, we conducted individual in-depth interviews with 34 persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLwHA) in Shanghai and Beijing. Inductive content analysis revealed a range of forms of self-isolation motivation, beliefs, and behaviors influenced by: 1) internalized stigma and desire to avoid discrimination; 2) HIV-related factors such as HIV knowledge and disease progression; and 3) familial factors such as a sense of responsibility and family members' reactions...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Shannon M Blakey, Jonathan S Abramowitz
The threat of a United States (U.S.) Zika virus pandemic during 2015-2016 was associated with public anxiety. Such threats represent opportunities to examine hypotheses about health anxiety. The present study investigated psychological predictors of Zika-related anxiety during the 2015-2016 outbreak. U.S. adults (N = 216) completed a battery of measures assessing Zika-related anxiety as well as psychological variables hypothesized to predict anxious responding to the threat of a domestic Zika outbreak. Contrary to hypotheses, regression analyses indicated that only contamination severity overestimates and greater Zika knowledge significantly predicted Zika-related anxiety...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Christopher L Hunter, Jennifer S Funderburk, Jodi Polaha, David Bauman, Jeffrey L Goodie, Christine M Hunter
The Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model of service delivery is being used increasingly as an effective way to integrate behavioral health services into primary care. Despite its growing popularity, scientifically robust research on the model is lacking. In this article, we provide a qualitative review of published PCBH model research on patient and implementation outcomes. We review common barriers and potential solutions for improving the quantity and quality of PCBH model research, the vital data that need to be collected over the next 10 years, and how to collect those data...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Stefanie Stauber, Tina Rohrbach, Hugo Saner, Jean Paul Schmid, Johannes Grolimund, Roland von Känel
Heart rate recovery after 1 min of exercise cessation (HRR-1) is an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to further elucidate the association between HRR-1 and known psychosocial risk factors in patients referred for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. We examined 521 patients with coronary heart disease in the first week of an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and positive (PA) and negative affect were rated with the Global Mood Scale...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Alfiee M Breland-Noble, Derek MacGregor Griffith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Eva M Doherty, Rosemary Walsh, Leanne Andrews, Susan McPherson
The assessment of emotional factors, in addition to other psychosocial factors, has been recommended as a means of identifying individuals with chronic pain who may not respond to certain pain treatments. Systematic reviews of the evidence regarding the prediction of responsiveness to a treatment called the spinal cord stimulator (SCS) have yielded inconclusive results. Emotional intelligence is a term which refers to the ability to identify and manage emotions in oneself and others and has been shown to be inversely associated with emotional distress and acute pain...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Leandra Godoy, Melissa Long, Donna Marschall, Stacy Hodgkinson, Brooke Bokor, Hope Rhodes, Howard Crumpton, Mark Weissman, Lee Beers
Behavioral health integration within primary care has been evolving, but literature traditionally focuses on smaller scale efforts. We detail how behavioral health has been integrated across a large, urban pediatric hospital system's six primary care clinics (serving over 35,000 children annually and insured predominately through Medicaid) and discuss strategies for success in sustaining and expanding efforts to achieve effective integration of behavioral health into primary care. In a time span of 3 years, the clinics have implemented routine, universal behavioral health screening at well child visits, participated in a 15-month behavioral health screening quality improvement learning collaborative, and integrated the work of psychologists and psychiatrists...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Jessica Maura, Amy Weisman de Mamani
Mounting evidence indicates that there are mental health disparities in the United States that disadvantage racial/ethnic minorities in medical and mental health settings. Less is known, however, about how these findings apply to a particularly vulnerable population, individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). The aim of this paper is to (1) provide a critical review of the literature on racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care among individuals with SMI; (2) identify factors which may contribute to the observed disparities; and (3) generate recommendations on how best to address these disparities...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Delphia J Flenar, Carolyn M Tucker, Jaime L Williams
Sexual minorities experience higher rates of several physical health problems compared to their heterosexual counterparts. The present study uses Meyer's Minority Stress Model (Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674-697, 2003) to examine physical health indicators among 250 adults who identified as sexual minorities. Study hypotheses include that sexual minority stress is predictive of two physical health indicators (i.e., engagement in a health-promoting lifestyle and number of physical health problems) and that planning (i...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
John E Carr
For over a century, researchers and educators have called for the integration of psychological science into medical school curricula, but such efforts have been impeded by barriers within medicine and psychology. In addressing these barriers, Psychology has re-examined its relationship to Medicine, incorporated psychological practices into health care, and redefined its parameters as a science. In response to interdisciplinary research into the mechanisms of bio-behavioral interaction, Psychology evolved from an ancillary social science to a bio-behavioral science that is fundamental to medicine and health care...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Desiree R Azizoddin, Geraldine Zamora-Racaza, Sarah R Ormseth, Lekeisha A Sumner, Chelsie Cost, Julia R Ayeroff, Michael H Weisman, Perry M Nicassio
Our analyses examined whether reserve capacity factors would explain the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and symptoms of depression/anxiety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We assessed disease activity, depression/anxiety symptoms, and intrapersonal and interpersonal reserve capacity measures in 128 patients with SLE. Multiple meditational analyses revealed that intrapersonal and interpersonal psychosocial aspects of reserve capacity fully mediated the relationship between SES and depression/anxiety...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Joanna Blundell Jones, Sue Walsh, Claire Isaac
This integrative literature review uses cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) theory to examine the impact of a chronic illness, multiple sclerosis (MS), on relationships and mental health. Electronic searches were conducted in six medical and social science databases. Thirty-eight articles met inclusion criteria, and also satisfied quality criteria. Articles revealed that MS-related demands change care needs and alter relationships. Using a CAT framework, the MS literature was analysed, and five key patterns of relating to oneself and to others were identified...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Sara Fernandes, Patrícia Arriaga, Helena Carvalho, Francisco Esteves
Worries are common in surgical patients, especially in children. The present study analyzed the factor structure and the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the Child Surgery Worries Questionnaire (CSWQ-P) in a Portuguese sample of 490 children. Exploratory factor analysis, conducted via principal axis factoring with oblimin rotation, provided evidence for a four-factor structure of the 21 item questionnaire. A confirmatory factor analysis was also conducted, showing the good fit of this solution...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Christine N Runyan, Stephanie Carter-Henry, Stacy Ogbeide
The interprofessional nature of the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model invites potential conflicts between different ethical guidelines and principles developed by separate professional disciplines. When the foundational model of care and training on which ethical principles were developed shifts, the assumptions underlying the guidance also shifts, revealing gaps and mismatches. This article reviews the extant literature in this realm, and proposes a more unifying set of ethical guidance for interprofessional, integrated primary care practice...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
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