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Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

Christina M D'Angelo, Sylvie Mrug, Daniel Grossoehme, David C Schwebel, Nina Reynolds, Kimberly Guion Reynolds
The purpose of the study was to identify bidirectional and longitudinal links between attributions, coping, and health functioning among adolescents with chronic illness and their parents. Religious/spiritual coping, attributional styles, and health functioning were assessed among adolescents with chronic illness at two time points approximately 21 months apart. Parental coping and attributions at both time points were also measured. Longitudinal links between variables were tested using an autoregressive cross-lagged path model; adolescent age and disease differences were evaluated via multigroup modeling...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Pediatric burn injuries and subsequent wound care can be painful and distressing for children and their parents. This study tested parenting behavior as a mediator for the relationship between parental acute psychological distress and child behavior during burn wound care. Eighty-seven parents of children (1-6-years-old) self-reported accident-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), pre-procedural anxiety, general anxiety/depression symptoms, and guilt before the first dressing change. Parent-child behavior was observed during the first dressing change...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Sue Morris, Kalen Fletcher, Richard Goldstein
Research demonstrates that severe forms of grief and grief-related pathology exist in the general population. Less attention, however, has been paid to the grief of parents following the death of a young, dependent child. In this review, we summarize a search of Pubmed, PsycINFO and Web of Science from 1995 to 2017, using the terms 'parental complicated grief', 'parental traumatic grief', and 'parent Prolonged Grief Disorder', specifically addressing parental grief and identified risk factors for complicated or prolonged grief...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Rachel H Fein, Gabrielle G Banks, Marsha N Gragert, Marni E Axelrad
Most children with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) manifest symptoms of epilepsy and associated cognitive deficits and behavioral difficulties as well as central precocious puberty (CPP). However, there is little to no research examining behavioral difficulties in children with HH without epilepsy, nor is there research examining treatments to address the behavioral difficulties of patients with HH without epilepsy. In the current case report, the authors implemented a validated parent management training program [the Brief Behavioral Intervention (BBI)], to treat symptoms of ADHD and disruptive behavior in a 6-year-old female patient with HH and CPP...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Laura Hope-Stone, Janice Ablett, Peter Salmon
We appraise the role of screening for distress as part of health psychology assessment of patients newly diagnosed with cancer. We reviewed records of consecutive patients who accepted a health psychologist's assessment over 4 years, examining convergence and divergence of the result of screening (whether patients reached threshold as 'cases') with the psychologist's clinical judgment of need for intervention. Of 261 patients, 88 (33.7%) were 'cases'. Of these, need for psychological intervention was identified in 70 (79...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
Research on parental psychological effects related to a child's critical illness has focused on studying negative outcomes, while the possibility of posttraumatic growth (PTG), defined as the perception of positive changes after a traumatic event, has been overlooked. This study explores the degree of parental PTG after a child's hospitalization in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and the role of resilience, emotions, perceived severity of the child's condition and stress in predicting PTG. In the first 48 h after their child's discharge from a PICU, N = 196 parents were assessed for resilience, emotions, perceived stress, and the degree to which they perceived their child's condition as severe...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Elizabeth C Victor, Ana F El-Behadli, Wade C McDonald, Chelsea D Pratt, Melissa A Faith
Motivational interviewing (MI) has proven a well-established psychotherapeutic intervention designed to enhance motivation for behavior change. While the benefits of MI have been established, little research has systematically evaluated dissemination of MI efforts to healthcare providers, especially among pediatric providers. The present pilot study evaluated whether healthcare providers gained valuable knowledge, confidence and desire to utilize MI, and skills in MI techniques and if these outcomes varied based on provider characteristics or duration and intensity of MI training...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Brittany Canady, Ashley Sansone
Previous research has indicated that companion animal ownership may confer health benefits; however, no studies have considered how companion animal ownership impacts key health decisions. The purpose of the current studies was to examine the extent to which animal-related factors influence health care decision making, specifically, owners' willingness to proceed with necessary medical treatments. In Study 1, a sample of 162 companion animal owners was recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey which included measures of social support, quality of relationship with the companion animal and two vignettes describing needed hospitalization...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Marco Bonanno, David Ogez, Claude Julie Bourque, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
Transition from pediatric to adult health care setting is a challenge for young patients because of the psychosocial issues they may present that could hinder their commitment to treatment and medical care. Psychologists play a key role in supporting these patients. They intervene with the most vulnerable ones for whom the current transitional practice does not necessarily meet their specific needs and help them to develop an appropriate level of autonomy despite medical condition. To date, few studies have described their clinical practice in this field...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Robin S Everhart, Stephen J Molitor, Dena Wentz, H Joel Schmidt, Michael S Schechter
Engaging parents early in the development of psychosocial support programs in cystic fibrosis (CF) clinics may enable services and care team recommendations to be tailored appropriately. This pilot study identified psychosocial priorities of parents of children with CF related to treatment adherence, parent/child mental health, and CF-related communication. Forty parents of children with CF (2 months to 17 years) completed an anonymous 17-item survey during routine clinic visits that assessed priorities related to psychosocial services...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Brooke R Fusco, Ryan J Marek, Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Leslie J Heinberg
Previous studies suggest the importance of understanding what factors increase risk of lack of physical activity (PA) prior to bariatric surgery, which may increase risk of suboptimal postoperative outcomes. Therefore, the current study sought to explore which Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scales were associated with lack of pre-surgical PA. The mean age of the sample (N = 1170) was 45.97 years [standard deviation (SD) = 11.59]. Bivariate correlations and relative risk ratios were utilized to examine associations between MMPI-2-RF scale scores and regular preoperative PA...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Nina C Silander, David J Chesire, Kamela S Scott
The primary medical goals of acute care are restoration of physical health and return to physical function. However, in response to traumatic events and injuries, psychological factors are critical to one's overall recovery. Both pre-morbid psychiatric comorbidities and post-injury psychological compromise affect physical and psychological recovery in inpatient trauma populations. The Psychological Services Program (PSP), a model trauma/acute care program, addresses these critical factors in a Level 1 Trauma Center...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Amelia Swanson, Jessica Geller, Kelly DeMartini, Anne Fernandez, Dwain Fehon
Without a transplant, end-stage liver disease is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Transplant candidates endure physical and psychological stress while awaiting surgery, yet little is known about the relationship between physical health and psychological resilience during the wait-list period. This study examined predictors of psychological resilience and mediators of the relationship between physical health and psychological resilience in liver transplant candidates. Wait-listed candidates (N = 120) from a single Northeast transplant center completed assessments of physical functioning, coping, perceived social support, and resilience...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Julia R Craner, Chelsea M Ale, Cynthia Harbeck-Weber, Philip R Fischer, Karen E Weiss
Intensive pain rehabilitation programs are effective in increasing functioning for youth with chronic pain (CP). However, the utility of such programs for youth with CP and co-morbid postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is rarely examined. In addition, studies examining mediators of treatment for CP are sparse. This paper compares treatment outcomes for youth with CP (n = 117) and youth with CP + POTS (n = 118). Additionally, depression and pain catastrophizing were tested as potential mediators of treatment effects...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Sue Morris, Kristen Schaefer, Erlene Rosowsky
The aim of this study was to explore the current practices of primary care physicians (PCPs) in providing bereavement care to elderly patients, with implications for medical education. A total of 63 PCPs answered a brief online survey about their typical practices, barriers, comfort level with bereavement, and confidence in their ability to diagnose prolonged grief disorder (PGD). They were recruited through an online newsletter and contacts of one of the authors. The results found that two-thirds of the PCPs do not routinely screen their elderly patients for recent losses, nor do they refer to mental health clinicians when loss is identified...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Huaiyu Zhang, Erika R Carr, Amanda G Garcia-Williams, Asher E Siegelman, Danielle Berke, Larisa V Niles-Carnes, Bobbi Patterson, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Nadine J Kaslow
Research has identified the experience of shame as a relevant predictor of depressive symptoms. Building upon resilience theory, this is the first study to investigate if self-compassion and/or contingent self-worth (i.e., family support and God's love) mediate the link between shame and depressive symptoms. Participants were 109 African Americans, within the age range of 18 and 64, who sought service following a suicide attempt from a public hospital that serves mostly low-income patients. Findings suggest that shame was related to depressive symptoms through self-compassion but not through contingent self-worth, underscoring the significant role that self-compassion plays in ameliorating the aggravating effect of shame on depressive symptoms...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Oana Cobeanu, Daniel David
Cognitive and behavioral interventions (CBI) have been used for breast cancer patients with various stages of the disease or undergoing different treatments. However, no quantitative review has summarized their efficacy on the side effects of treatment, distress, and quality of life in the acute treatment setting after diagnosis. This meta-analysis synthesizes data from 19 randomized clinical trials in order to: (a) provide an estimation of overall effect of CBI in breast cancer patients during treatment for breast cancer, i...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Leen Oris, Koen Luyckx, Jessica Rassart, Liesbet Goubert, Eva Goossens, Silke Apers, Seher Arat, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens, Philip Moons
The present study examines the concept of illness identity, the degree to which a chronic illness is integrated into one's identity, in adults with a chronic illness by validating a new self-report questionnaire, the Illness Identity Questionnaire (IIQ). Self-report questionnaires on illness identity, psychological, and physical functioning were assessed in two samples: adults with congenital heart disease (22-78 year old; n = 276) and with multisystem connective tissue disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus or systemic sclerosis; 17-81 year old; n = 241)...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Marieke van de Wal, Petra Servaes, Rebecca Berry, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins
This case study describes the course and content of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for clinical fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in a breast cancer survivor. The CBT for clinical FCR consisted of seven face-to-face therapy sessions and one telephone session. The primary treatment goal was to reduce FCR severity by modifying cognitive processes and dysfunctional behavior. Assessments of FCR and quality of life were completed by the breast cancer survivor pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at 6 and 12 months of post-therapy...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Philippa Kolokotroni, Fotios Anagnostopoulos, Alexandra Hantzi
The social-cognitive processing model suggests that a socially constrained environment may impede adjustment to a chronic illness. The present study primarily investigated the mediating psychological pathways through which social constraints on cancer-related disclosure, low optimism, disengagement-oriented coping, and brooding could be associated with low levels of psychosocial adjustment. One hundred twenty-five female breast cancer survivors participated in a cross-sectional study. Path analysis was used to examine the proposed model...
December 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
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