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Medical Oncology

Orit Kaidar-Person, Icro Meattini, Allison M Deal, Giulio Francolini, Giulio Carta, Lauren Terzo, Jayne Camporeale, Hyman Muss, Lawrence B Marks, Lorenzo Livi, Deborah K Mayer, Timothy M Zagar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mental health consumption among patients with early-stage breast cancer in two radiation oncology departments in two countries (USA and Italy). Data were extracted from the medical records of consecutive patients treated between 2014 and 2015 in two centers. Extracted data included patient's demographics, treatment, referral to psychological supportive care programs, and prescribed psychotropic drugs. Data from the two centers were compared using Student's t, Wilcoxon, Fisher's exact, and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Jhe-Cyuan Guo, Chin-Chen Chang, Chung-Yi Yang, Bin-Chi Liao, Jau-Yu Liau, Chin-Hao Chang, Kun-Huei Yeh
Although current staging workups could differentiate most patients with operable from inoperable advanced gastric cancers, there are still some patients with low-volume peritoneal carcinomatosis, defined as only metastasis with multiple subcentimeter lesions in peritoneum, receiving unnecessary open-close procedures. The computed tomography (CT) of the patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer harboring low-volume peritoneal carcinomatosis was retrospectively identified and then thoroughly reviewed by two independent radiologists unaware of the peritoneal carcinomatosis status...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Wen Zhao, RuiYue Qiu, Pan Li, Jin Yang
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) have poor prognosis, and chemotherapy remains the mainstay of therapy because of lack of discovered possible target. MYC were found overexpressed in TNBCs compared with other subtypes and especially in those resistant to chemotherapy, but the inhibition has been challenging to achieve. Recently, the cooperation of PIM1 and MYC was identified involved in cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis of TNBCs, which has been reported in hematological malignancy and prostatic cancer...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Hideaki Miyake, Takayuki Sugiyama, Ryota Aki, Yuto Matsushita, Keita Tamura, Daisuke Motoyama, Toshiki Ito, Atsushi Otsuka
The objective of this study was to retrospectively analyze the oncological outcomes of Japanese patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received cabazitaxel. This study included a total of 63 consecutive Japanese mCRPC patients treated with cabazitaxel following the failure of docetaxel, and assessed the prognostic significance of cabazitaxel therapy in these patients focusing on the association of efficacies between two taxane agents. After treatment with cabazitaxel (median 5 cycles), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline was observed in 39 patients (61...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Erin Schenk, Jennifer Boland, Aaron Mansfield, Marie Christine Aubry, Allan Dietz
Pulmonary sarcomatoid cancer (PSC) is a rare, aggressive subtype of non-small cell lung cancer, and measures of local and systemic immunity as biomarkers are incompletely known. We performed this study to characterize the leukocyte composition within the tumor, stroma, and peripheral blood in patients with PSC and correlated our findings with overall survival. Tissue from 30 patients diagnosed with PSC was evaluated by IHC for the presence of CD3(+), CD14(+), and CD19(+) cells and PD-L1 expression. A lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) was calculated for the tumor microenvironment (TME) and peripheral blood...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Kinro Sasaki, Shinichi Onodera, Kichiro Otsuka, Hitoshi Satomura, Eigo Kurayama, Tsukasa Kubo, Masakazu Takahashi, Jun Ito, Masanobu Nakajima, Satoru Yamaguchi, Kazuhito Miyachi, Hiroyuki Kato
Gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy plus postoperative chemotherapy is the standard treatment for resectable locally advanced gastric cancer in Japan. However, the prognosis of patients with serosa-positive tumors remains unsatisfactory because of peritoneal recurrence. This study aimed to investigate the validity of neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Thirty patients with locally advanced gastric cancer underwent neoadjuvant DCS therapy at Dokkyo Medical University Hospital between June 2013 and October 2015...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Nobuaki Hoshino, Kenji Kawada, Koya Hida, Saori Goto, Ryuji Uozumi, Suguru Hasegawa, Kenichi Sugihara, Yoshiharu Sakai
One of the reasons for the underuse of adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer is a small survival benefit. This retrospective study sought to identify the predictive factors for elderly patients who could obtain a sufficient survival benefit. We reviewed the data of 1354 elderly patients (aged ≥70 years) with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent complete resection between January 1997 and December 2006. The efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy was assessed, and the risk factors for recurrence were determined...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Yuko Kanbayashi, Megumi Inagaki, Hiroshi Ueno, Toyoshi Hosokawa
Duloxetine is an effective therapeutic agent for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). However, predictors of duloxetine response have not been adequately explored. Therefore, this retrospective study was performed to identify predictive factors of duloxetine response in CIPN patients to guide future strategies to improve the quality of life of patients undergoing chemotherapy. The participants were 74 cancer patients who were given duloxetine for relief of CIPN at our institute between October 2010 and January 2016...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Cristina Arqueros, Juliana Salazar, M J Arranz, Ana Sebio, Josefina Mora, Ivana Sullivan, María Tobeña, Marta Martín-Richard, Agustí Barnadas, Montserrat Baiget, David Páez
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is a glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix whose expression can be altered in malignant pancreatic cells and in the adjacent stromal fibroblasts. We evaluated the possible role of SPARC gene variants as prognostic markers for locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic cancer. We analyzed eight tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (TagSNPs) in the SPARC gene in 74 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy alone or combined with radiotherapy...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Xiaochuan Dong, Graciela M Nogueras-González, Yan Xu, Jeannelyn S Estrella, Kazuto Harada, Anthony Lopez, Fatemeh G Amlashi, Wayne L Hofstetter, Dipen M Maru, Quynh-Nhu Nguyen, Jeffrey H Lee, Brian Weston, Manoop S Bhutani, Jeremy J Erasmus, Irene Thomas, Jane E Rogers, Shumei Song, Jaffer A Ajani
Resectable esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) patients often receive chemoradiation followed by surgery. However, most patients experience recurrences. Overexpression of MTDH, an oncoprotein with multiple functions, has been found to be associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer, glioblastoma, melanoma and various gastrointestinal malignancies, but not in EAC. We sought to establish its role in resistant EAC (post-treatment residual EAC). MTDH was assessed by immunohistochemistry in resected EAC, and results were correlated with clinical outcomes...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Maki Tanioka, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Muneaki Shimada, Shoji Nagao, Kazuhiro Takehara, Masato Nishimura, Satoshi Morita, Shunichi Negoro, Kiyoshi Fujiwara, Junzo Kigawa
The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome and safety of the multidisciplinary strategy using cisplatin plus dose-dense paclitaxel (dose-dense TP) before and after radical hysterectomy (RH) for stage IB2, IIA2, or IIB patients with cervical cancer. In the dose-finding phase, 12 patients received 3 cycles of cisplatin (75 mg/m(2), day 1) with paclitaxel (70 or 80 mg/m(2), days 1, 8, and 15) every 21 days as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). In the phase II study, 51 patients received 3 cycles of dose-dense TP at the recommended dose as NAC, and another 2 cycles of the same regimen after RH...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Fausto Petrelli, Andrea Coinu, Giovanni Rosti, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Sandro Barni
Relapsed germ cell tumor (GCT) is a highly curable cancer with standard-dose platinum-based chemotherapy (CT); however, high-dose CT (HDCT) is seldom used as salvage therapy instead or after conventional CT. We conducted a systematic review of published trials to compare outcomes between standard-dose CT and HDCT in patients with relapsed GCT after first-line therapy for advanced disease. A literature search was carried out in multiple electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library), and studies reporting salvage treatment of relapsed GCT with standard-dose or carboplatin-etoposide-based HDCT were selected...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Rainer J Klement
Ketogenic diets (KDs) have gained popularity among patients and researchers alike due to their putative anti-tumor mechanisms. However, the question remains which conclusions can be drawn from the available human data thus far concerning the safety and efficacy of KDs for cancer patients. A realist review utilizing a matrix analytical approach was conducted according to the RAMESES publication standards. All available human studies were systematically analyzed and supplemented with results from animal studies...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
Ezzeldin M Ibrahim, Marwan R Al-Hajeili, Ali M Bayer, Omalkhair A Abulkhair, Ahmed A Refae
Adjuvant endocrine therapy for 5 years is the standard adjuvant treatment for estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer while the benefits of extended adjuvant endocrine therapy (EAET) beyond 5 years are still controversial. That controversy prompted this meta-analysis to compare 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy only versus EAET. Eligible 11 randomized, controlled trials comprising 29,000 women were included. EAET showed no advantage in overall survival (OS) from all causes mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
S P Corona, N Sobhani, A Ianza, G Roviello, G Mustacchi, M Bortul, F Zanconati, D Generali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Medical Oncology
Tiantian Zhang, Yogesh R Suryawanshi, Blair R Szymczyna, Karim Essani
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are involved in degradation of extracellular matrix, are critical regulators in tumor progression, metastasis and angiogenesis. Although induction of MMPs is frequently observed during the viral infection, the effect of MMPs on viral replication varies between viruses. MMP-9, for instance, is upregulated and promotes the replication of some viruses, such as herpes simplex virus, but inhibits the replication of others. Here, we report that infection with tanapox virus (TPV) promotes the expression of MMP-9 in the melanoma cells...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
Ati Burassakarn, Chamsai Pientong, Nuchsupha Sunthamala, Jureeporn Chuerduangphui, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Natcha Patarapadungkit, Bunkerd Kongyingyoes, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
The etiology of oral carcinogenesis appears to be multifactorial. There is emerging evidence of the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in epithelial oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but an association of EBV with oral carcinogenesis has not yet been established. Although epigenetic alterations, such as aberrant DNA methylation, are known to contribute to the pathogenesis of oral cancer, the relationship of such alterations with EBV infection is little known. This study aimed to investigate the association between EBV infection and promoter methylation patterns of tumor-associated genes in OSCC tissues...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
Liang Chen, Rui Cao, Gang Wang, Lushun Yuan, Guofeng Qian, Zhongqiang Guo, Chin-Lee Wu, Xinghuan Wang, Yu Xiao
Metastasis is a leading cause of death in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Transient receptor potential channel 7 (TRPM7) functions as a Mg(2+)/Ca(2+)-permeable channel as well as a protein kinase that regulate various cellular processes including cell adhesion, migration and survival. However, the function of TRPM7 in metastasis of PCa remains largely unknown. Microarray analysis suggested that calcium signaling pathway was significantly altered in metastatic PCa tissues, compared with benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
Matthew K Stein, Lindsay Morris, Jennifer L Sullivan, Moon Fenton, Ari VanderWalde, Lee S Schwartzberg, Mike G Martin
While conventional organization of EGFR mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) includes classic lesions sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and variants localized to the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) in exons 18-21, next-generation sequencing (NGS) raises the prospect of identifying clinically relevant variants in extra-TKD regulatory regions. NSCLC patients at our institution who received tumor profiling with NGS from 2013 to 2015 were identified. EGFR mutations were arranged based upon their distribution relative to the TKD...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Jan Witowski, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Piotr Ceranowicz, Andrzej Budzyński
Surgery remains the only option to cure pancreatic cancer. Although the use of laparoscopy in oncology is rapidly growing worldwide, its efficacy in pancreatic surgery remains controversial. A number of studies have compared outcomes of minimally invasive and open pancreatic resections. However, they are mostly non-randomized trials including relatively small groups of patients. In addition, most of these studies were conducted in high-volume pancreatic centres. It seems that despite longer operative time, laparoscopy may be beneficial in terms of morbidity, blood loss and hospital stay...
July 2017: Medical Oncology
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