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Endocrine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213803/first-experiences-with-neuropsychological-effects-of-oxytocin-administration-in-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#1
Anika Hoffmann, Jale Özyurt, Kristin Lohle, Julia Reichel, Christiane M Thiel, Hermann L Müller
PURPOSE: The hypothalamic hormone oxytocin plays a major role in regulation of behavior and body composition. Quality of survival is frequently impaired in childhood craniopharyngioma patients due to sequelae such as behavioral deficits and severe obesity caused by tumor or treatment-related hypothalamic lesions. METHODS: In our pilot cross-sectional study, we analyzed emotion recognition abilities and oxytocin concentrations in saliva and urine before and after single nasal administration of 24 IU oxytocin in 10 craniopharyngioma patients...
February 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210938/cardiac-hypertrophy-in-cushing-s-syndrome-if-not-hypertension-then-what
#2
EDITORIAL
D A Vassiliadi, S Tsagarakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210937/imp3-expression-in-small-intestine-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-a-new-predictor-of-recurrence
#3
Sara Massironi, Alessandro Del Gobbo, Federica Cavalcoli, Stefano Fiori, Dario Conte, Alessio Pellegrinelli, Massimo Milione, Stefano Ferrero
PURPOSE: Small-intestine neuroendocrine neoplasms are heterogeneous neoplasms arising from endocrine cells of the intestinal mucosa. Ki-67 is the main determinant of prognosis in neuroendocrine neoplasms. However, the search for new prognostic makers represents a key point with regard to small-intestine neuroendocrine neoplasms. The oncofetal protein IMP3 plays a role in cell growth and its expression has a prognostic value in lung neoplasms. METHODS: From January 1998 to August 2015, all the consecutive small-intestine neuroendocrine neoplasms patients suitable for surgery were included: 51 patients (32 males, median age 68 years) had small-intestine neuroendocrine neoplasms classified according to the WHO 2010 classification...
February 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205014/memory-and-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-under-levothyroxine-treatment-is-there-a-placebo-or-nocebo-effect
#4
LETTER
Vaitsa Giannouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194652/hair-cortisol-in-the-evaluation-of-cushing-syndrome
#5
Aaron Hodes, Maya B Lodish, Amit Tirosh, Jerrold Meyer, Elena Belyavskaya, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Kendra Rosenberg, Andrew Demidowich, Jeremy Swan, Nichole Jonas, Constantine A Stratakis, Mihail Zilbermint
PURPOSE: Hair cortisol evaluation has been used to help detect patients with suspected Cushing syndrome. Our goal was to correlate segmental hair cortisol with biochemical testing in patients with Cushing syndrome and controls. This study was a prospective analysis of hair cortisol in confirmed Cushing syndrome cases over 16 months. METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (26.5 ± 18.9 years, 75% female, and 75% Caucasian) were analyzed by diurnal serum cortisol, 24 h urinary free cortisol corrected for body surface area (UFC/BSA), and 24 h urinary 17-hydroxysteroids corrected for creatinine (17OHS/Cr)...
February 13, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194651/kisspeptin-10-inhibits-proliferation-and-regulates-lipolysis-and-lipogenesis-processes-in-3t3-l1-cells-and-isolated-rat-adipocytes
#6
Ewa Pruszyńska-Oszmałek, Paweł A Kołodziejski, Maciej Sassek, Joanna H Sliwowska
INTRODUCTION: Kisspeptin, which is encoded by the KISS1 gene and acts via GPR54, plays a role in the regulation of reproductive functions. Expression of KISS1 and GRPR54 has been found in peripheral tissues, including adipose tissue, and was shown to be influenced by metabolic status. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that kisspeptin could be involved in regulation of lipid metabolism in the mouse 3T3-L1 cell line and in isolated rat adipocytes. METHODS: First, we characterized expression profiles of KISS1 and GPR54 mRNA and proteins in adipose cells isolated from male rats...
February 13, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190240/erratum-to-selenium-rescues-orbital-fibroblasts-from-cell-death-induced-by-hydrogen-peroxide-another-molecular-basis-for-the-effects-of-selenium-in-graves-orbitopathy
#7
Giovanna Rotondo Dottore, Riccardo Chiarini, Maria De Gregorio, Marenza Leo, Giamberto Casini, Luca Cestari, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Marco Nardi, Paolo Vitti, Claudio Marcocci, Michele Marinò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188479/short-term-uvb-irradiation-significantly-increases-vitamin-d-serum-concentration-in-obese-patients-a-clinical-pilot-study
#8
Alexander Obbarius, Heike Berger, Andreas Stengel, Carmen Garcia, Felix Fischer, Tobias Hofmann, Matthias Rose, Ralf Uebelhack
PURPOSE: Deficiency of vitamin D is very common in obese people and treatment by oral supplementation is not effective in all patients. This exploratory pilot study investigated the influence of different doses of short-term ultraviolet B irradiation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 (25D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25D) levels in obese compared to normal weight subjects and obese controls. METHODS: Participants with skin types II and III (Fitzpatrick skin classification) were assigned to six groups including four intervention groups receiving irradiation (three groups of obese and one group of normal weight subjects) and two control groups without treatment (obese and normal weight)...
February 10, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188478/calculating-the-incalculable-optimal-radioiodine-dose-in-graves-hyperthyroidism
#9
LETTER
Laszlo Hegedüs, Steen J Bonnema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181145/low-after-high-glucose-down-regulated-cx43-in-h9c2-cells-by-autophagy-activation-via-cross-regulation-by-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-and-mek-erk1-2-signal-pathways
#10
Yaguang Bi, Guangyu Wang, Xiangdong Liu, Meng Wei, Qingyong Zhang
PURPOSE: Hypoglycemia in diabetes is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. High-glucose have been reported to alter connexin43 expression and to promote autophagy in cardiomyocytes. We investigated whether low-after-high glucose would influence connexin43 expression and autophagy in H9c2 cells. METHODS: H9c2 cells were incubated in 33.3 mM glucose for 24 h followed by 2.5 mM glucose for 2, 4, 6, or 12 h with or without chloroquine (autophagy inhibitor), U0126 (MEK1/2 inhibitor) or LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor)...
February 8, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181144/novel-bone-metabolism-associated-hormones-the-importance-of-the-pre-analytical-phase-for-understanding-their-physiological-roles
#11
REVIEW
Giovanni Lombardi, Mosè Barbaro, Massimo Locatelli, Giuseppe Banfi
The endocrine function of bone is now a recognized feature of this tissue. Bone-derived hormones that modulate whole-body homeostasis, are being discovered as for the effects on bone of novel and classic hormones produced by other tissues become known. Often, however, the data regarding these last generation bone-derived or bone-targeting hormones do not give about a clear picture of their physiological roles or concentration ranges. A certain degree of uncertainty could stem from differences in the pre-analytical management of biological samples...
February 8, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181143/the-complex-interplay-among-hepatocytes-and-immune-cells-at-the-crossroad-between-inflammation-and-cholesterol-metabolism-in-hyperglycemia
#12
Maurizio Bifulco, Simona Pisanti, Elena Ciaglia
An intriguing piece of evidence for the inflammatory story of type 2 diabetes has come to the light. A recent study by Okin and colleagues adds new clues to the interplay between cholesterol metabolism and immunity and how it impacts glucose homeostasis in inflammatory conditions. But some questions are a still unsolved conundrum. Here we suggest to better dissect the regulatory mechanism of Mevalonate pathway and to underpin a new causative link between immunometabolic dysregulation and diabetes.
February 8, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176280/stepwise-casr-ap2s1-and-gna11-sequencing-in-patients-with-suspected-familial-hypocalciuric-hypercalcemia
#13
Auryan Szalat, Shoshana Shpitzen, Anat Tsur, Ilana Zalmon Koren, Shmuel Shilo, Liana Tripto-Shkolnik, Ronen Durst, Eran Leitersdorf, Vardiella Meiner
PURPOSE: Patients with familial hyperparathyroidism and low urinary calcium excretion may have familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) with mutations in one of three genes: the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) defining FHH-type 1, the adaptor-related protein complex 2 (AP2S1) related to FHH-type 3 or the G-protein subunit alpha11 (GNA11) associated with FHH-type 2. We aimed to evaluate the presence of mutations in these genes and to identify phenotypic specificities and differences in these patients...
February 7, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160129/hypersexuality-in-men-with-prolactinomas-treated-with-dopamine-agonists
#14
EDITORIAL
Irina Bancos, Todd B Nippoldt, Dana Erickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155175/incidence-and-timing-of-common-adverse-events-in-lenvatinib-treated-patients-from-the-select-trial-and-their-association-with-survival-outcomes
#15
Robert I Haddad, Martin Schlumberger, Lori J Wirth, Eric J Sherman, Manisha H Shah, Bruce Robinson, Corina E Dutcus, Angela Teng, Andrew G Gianoukakis, Steven I Sherman
PURPOSE: In the study of (E7080) lenvatinib in differentiated cancer of the thyroid, most patients experienced an adverse event. In this report, we examine common lenvatinib-emergent adverse events in this phase three, randomized, double-blind study. METHODS: Adverse events were graded per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. 392 patients were enrolled (lenvatinib: 261, placebo: 131) and received lenvatinib 24 mg/day or placebo. The main outcome measures were: associations with progression-free survival and overall survival in exploratory univariate and multivariate analyses along with additional variables...
February 3, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155174/undertreated-hypothyroidism-due-to-calcium-or-iron-supplementation-corrected-by-oral-liquid-levothyroxine
#16
Salvatore Benvenga, Flavia Di Bari, Roberto Vita
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess whether oral liquid levothyroxine would correct tablet levothyroxine malabsorption induced by calcium or iron, two sequestrants of levothyroxine. METHODS: Nineteen adult hypothyroid patients with tablet levothyroxine malabsorption caused by calcium and/or iron supplements were switched from tablet to liquid levothyroxine at the same dose. Primary outcomes were: (1) significantly lower mean serum thyroid-stimulating hormone with the liquid compared with the tablet formulation, and (2) significantly greater rate of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone less than or equal to 4...
February 3, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155173/impact-of-acromegaly-treatment-on-cardiovascular-complications
#17
EDITORIAL
Adriana G Ioachimescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155172/erratum-to-ranolazine-promotes-muscle-differentiation-and-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-c2c12-skeletal-muscle-cells
#18
Ileana Terruzzi, Anna Montesano, Pamela Senesi, Fernanda Vacante, Stefano Benedini, Livio Luzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155171/understanding-and-predicting-fracture-risk-in-acromegaly
#19
EDITORIAL
Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, Nienke R Biermasz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155170/treatment-pattern-and-frequency-of-serum-tsh-measurement-in-users-of-different-levothyroxine-formulations-a-population-based-study-during-the-years-2009-2015
#20
Rosarita Ferrara, Valentina Ientile, Vincenzo Arcoraci, Carmen Ferrajolo, Carlo Piccinni, Andrea Fontana, Salvatore Benvenga, Gianluca Trifirò
BACKGROUND: Several conditions can modify the intestinal absorption of levothyroxine tablets, with potential consequences on their therapeutic effect. Pre-dosed ampoules and oral drops have been recently made available to overcome this limitation. AIMS: To describe the pattern of use of different formulations of levothyroxine in a general population of Southern Italy and to perform an exploratory analysis investigating the effect of switching from levothyroxine tablets to oral liquid formulations...
February 2, 2017: Endocrine
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