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Endocrine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352456/recombinant-growth-hormone-treatment-osteoporosis-and-fractures-more-complicated-than-it-seems
#1
EDITORIAL
Maria Fleseriu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350311/shear-wave-elastography-and-afirma%C3%A2-gene-expression-classifier-in-thyroid-nodules-with-indeterminate-cytology-a-comparison-study
#2
Ghobad Azizi, James M Keller, Michelle L Mayo, Kelé Piper, David Puett, Karly M Earp, Carl D Malchoff
PURPOSE: To compare shear wave elastography (SWE) and Afirma™ gene expression classifier (GEC) for diagnosis of malignancy in thyroid nodules (TNs) with Bethesda Classification (BC) III or IV indeterminate cytology. METHODS: This preliminary single-center prospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. We evaluated 151 consented patients with 151 indeterminate TNs (123 BC III, 28 BC IV) on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). B-mode ultrasound, vascularity, and SWE were performed prior to FNAB...
January 19, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340961/metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-korean-submariners-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jihun Kang, Yun-Mi Song
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of inter-related risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Although submariners tend to be exposed to unhealthy environmental factors, such as a confined work environment, physical inactivity, and circadian disruption, little is known regarding whether the risks of MetS and its components are associated with submarine service. The present study aimed to evaluate the risks of MetS and its components among submariners. METHODS: A total of 5090 subjects (513 submariners and 4577 non-submariners) were included in the present study...
January 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332161/the-computed-tomography-adrenal-wash-out-analysis-properly-classifies-cortisol-secreting-adrenocortical-adenomas
#4
Anne-Laure Humbert, Guillaume Lecoanet, Sophie Moog, Fehd Bouderraoui, Laurent Bresler, Jean-Michel Vignaud, Elodie Chevalier, Laurent Brunaud, Marc Klein, Thomas Cuny
PURPOSE: Adrenocortical lesions are characterized through imaging, hormonal and histopathological analysis. Our aim was to compare the radiological features of adrenocortical lesions with their cortisol-secreting status and histopathological Weiss score. METHODS: Seventy five patients operated between 2004 and 2016 in the University Hospital of Nancy for either adrenocortical carcinomas (ACC) or adrenocortical adenomas (ACA) were enrolled in this study. We collected cortisol parameters, Computed Tomography (CT) scans (unenhanced density, wash-out (WO) analysis) and 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) datas...
January 13, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327301/lncrna-gas8-as1-inhibits-cell-proliferation-through-atg5-mediated-autophagy-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#5
Yuan Qin, Wei Sun, Hao Zhang, Ping Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwu Dong, Liang He, Ting Zhang, Liang Shao, Wenqian Zhang, Changhao Wu
PURPOSE: The long non-coding RNA GAS8 antisense RNA 1 (lncRNA GAS8-AS1) is a tumor suppressor in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), but the mechanisms underlying how GAS8-AS1 regulates PTC biology remain unclear. Here, we evaluated the molecular function of GAS8-AS1 in regulating autophagy in PTC cell lines. METHODS: GAS8-AS1 was overexpressed and knocked down in PTC cell lines by transfecting with expression plasmids or short interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Cell proliferation was evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)...
January 11, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327300/cant%C3%A3%C2%BA-syndrome-with-coexisting-familial-pituitary-adenoma
#6
Pedro Marques, Rupert Spencer, Patrick J Morrison, Ian M Carr, Mary N Dang, David T Bonthron, Steven Hunter, Márta Korbonits
CONTEXT: Pseudoacromegaly describes conditions with an acromegaly related physical appearance without abnormalities in the growth hormone (GH) axis. Acromegaloid facies, together with hypertrichosis, are typical manifestations of Cantú syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a three-generation family with 5 affected members, with marked acromegaloid facies and prominent hypertrichosis, due to a novel missense variant in the ABCC9 gene. The proband, a 2-year-old girl, was referred due to marked hypertrichosis, noticed soon after birth, associated with coarsening of her facial appearance...
January 11, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327299/impact-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-with-tsh-%C3%A2-10%C3%A2-miu-l-on-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-adult-women-without-known-kidney-disease
#7
LETTER
Pedro Weslley Souza Rosario, Maria Regina Calsolari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322301/effects-of-short-term-dhea-intake-on-hormonal-responses-in-young-recreationally-trained-athletes-modulation-by-gender
#8
Katia Collomp, Corinne Buisson, Nicolas Gravisse, Soraya Belgherbi, Zakaria Labsy, Manh-Cuong Do, Olivier Gagey, Sophie Dufay, Nancy Vibarel-Rebot, Michel Audran
BACKGROUND: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) figures on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances in sport because it is assumed that athletes expect a significant increase in testosterone through DHEA administration. The literature on the hormonal effects of DHEA intake nevertheless appears to be very scant in healthy young subjects, especially women. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of DHEA on adrenal and gonadal hormones, IGF1 and free T3 in healthy young male and female recreationally trained volunteers...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322300/glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-from-medication-nonadherence-to-residual-vascular-risk
#9
Dario Giugliano, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Katherine Esposito
Despite the availability of many new treatment options for type 2 diabetes, the proportion of patients achieving the HbA1c target < 7.0% remains around 50%. We put forward the hypothesis that the unchanged HbA1c results, observed in the last decade in type 2 diabetes patients, are also a consequence of medication nonadherence and clinical inertia. Poor medication-taking behavior is usually defined as medication nonadherence and is responsible for uncontrolled hemoglobin A1c level in 23% of cases. Medication nonadherence may also affect clinical outcomes, as diabetic patients with good adherence (≥80%) had a significant 10% lower rate of hospitalization events and a significant 28% lower rate of all-cause mortality when compared with patients with poor adherence (<80%)...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318448/elevated-serum-igf-1-level-enhances-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-in-untreated-acromegaly-patients
#10
Xia Zhang, Jin Ma, Yuhan Wang, Lüe Li, Lu Gao, Xiaopeng Guo, Bing Xing, Yong Zhong
PURPOSE: 1) To compare the retinal, choroidal, Haller's layer, and Sattler's/choriocapillaris thicknesses of untreated acromegaly patients without chiasm compression or diabetes mellitus and healthy controls. 2) To evaluate the correlations of retinal and choroidal thicknesses with serum growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF) burden. METHODS: This prospective, case-control study included 27 untreated acromegaly patients and 27 sex-matched and age-matched controls...
January 10, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318447/prolactin-and-human-skin-the-effects-of-sex-and-site-on-expression-and-function
#11
LETTER
Ewan A Langan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313195/bone-safety-of-dual-release-hydrocortisone-in-patients-with-hypopituitarism
#12
LETTER
Stefano Frara, Sabrina Chiloiro, Teresa Porcelli, Antonella Giampietro, Gherardo Mazziotti, Laura De Marinis, Andrea Giustina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305800/suspected-ontogeny-of-a-recently-described-hypo-androgenic-pcos-like-phenotype-with-advancing-age
#13
Norbert Gleicher, Vitaly A Kushnir, Sarah K Darmon, Qi Wang, Lin Zhang, David F Albertini, David H Barad
BACKGROUND: A recent report described a new PCOS-like phenotype in lean older infertile women, and was characterized by high age-specific anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) but hypo- rather than the expected hyper-androgenism. The hypo-androgenism was, furthermore, characterized of, likely, adrenal origin and autoimmune etiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We extracted data on 708 consecutive infertility patients, and separated them into three age-strata, <35, 36-42, and >42 years...
January 6, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305799/prevention-of-serious-skeletal-related-events-by-interventional-radiology-techniques-in-patients-with-malignant-paraganglioma-and-pheochromocytoma
#14
Guillaume Gravel, Sophie Leboulleux, Lambros Tselikas, Flora Fassio, Mohamed Berraf, Amandine Berdelou, Bakar Ba, Segolene Hescot, Julien Hadoux, Martin Schlumberger, Abir Al Ghuzlan, France Nguyen, Mathieu Faron, Thierry de Baere, Eric Baudin, Frederic Deschamps
PURPOSE: Bone metastases (BM) and skeletal-related events (SRE) are frequent in patients with malignant pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPM) and the best modality of prevention unknown. The role of interventional radiology (IR) techniques for the prevention of SRE in the multidisciplinary management of malignant PPM has not been evaluated in that setting. METHODS: Single referral center retrospective review of all patients with malignant PPM with BM from 2000 to 2016...
January 5, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302874/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-in-pre-menopausal-females-after-ablative-radioiodine-treatment-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#15
Massimo Giusti, Miranda Mittica, Paola Comite, Claudia Campana, Stefano Gay, Michele Mussap
PURPOSE: In recent years, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) has been considered a reliable index of ovarian reserve. There are few data on AMH values in thyroid cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate AMH levels in pre-menopausal women with a history of low-risk thyroid cancer. METHODS: Thirty-four women (aged 40.7 ± 6.7 years) were studied 7.1 ± 0.9 years after surgery and at least one RAI treatment. A group of 23 thyroid cancer women (41.6 ± 7...
January 4, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299796/analysis-of-circulating-extracellular-vesicle-associated-micrornas-in-cortisol-producing-adrenocortical-tumors
#16
Pál Perge, Ábel Decmann, Raffaele Pezzani, Irina Bancos, Ambrogio Fassina, Michaela Luconi, Letizia Canu, Miklós Tóth, Marco Boscaro, Attila Patócs, Peter Igaz
PURPOSE: Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) have been described in patients with adrenocortical tumors, but the expression of miRNAs in non-functioning and cortisol-producing tumors has not been yet compared. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of plasma extracellular vesicle (EV)-associated microRNAs in patients with non-functioning adrenocortical adenoma (NFA), cortisol-producing adrenocortical adenoma (CPA) and cortisol-producing adrenocortical carcinoma (CP-ACC)...
January 3, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299795/association-between-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults
#17
Ruo-Han Hao, Jun-Ling Gao, Meng Li, Wei Huang, Dong-Li Zhu, Hlaing Nwe Thynn, Shan-Shan Dong, Yan Guo
PURPOSE: Animal-based studies have reported a decrease in bone mass resulting from high level of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). However, the correlation between plasma FGF21 levels and bone mineral density (BMD) is paradoxical in previous human-based studies, and the associations between FGF21 gene polymorphisms and BMD haven't been reported yet. Therefore, here, we evaluated plasma FGF21 levels with sufficient study samples, and performed genetic association test to reveal the physiological and genetic role of FGF21 on BMD in adults...
January 3, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299794/characterization-of-the-serum-and-salivary-cortisol-response-to-the-intravenous-250%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-acth1-24-stimulation-test
#18
Brendan J Nolan, Jane Sorbello, Nigel Brown, Goce Dimeski, Warrick J Inder
PURPOSE: The ACTH1-24 stimulation test is commonly used to assess the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Given variations in CBG concentration and binding affinity, serum total cortisol may misclassify some patients. Salivary cortisol correlates well with serum free cortisol but is easier to measure and widely available in commercial laboratories. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of measuring salivary cortisol during the ACTH1-24 stimulation test. DESIGN AND METHODS: Case-control study in a clinical research facility...
January 3, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294226/the-relationship-among-serum-lipocalin-2-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-in-outpatient-women
#19
Dong-Mei Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao, Lin Zhao, Min-Jia Zhang, Ting-Ting Liu, Bei Tao, Li-Hao Sun, Jian-Min Liu
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate associations among serum levels of LCN2, bone resorption marker carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type-1 collagen (CTx), bone formation marker osteocalcin (OCN), and bone mineral densities (BMDs) in ambulatory healthy women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 1012 previously enrolled outpatient Han Chinese women. BMDs of the lumbar spine and femoral neck were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Serum levels of LCN2, CTx, OCN, and creatinine (Scr) were measured...
January 2, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285650/synergistic-cytotoxicity-of-the-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitor-gemigliptin-with-metformin-in-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#20
Si Hyoung Kim, Jun Goo Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Sung-Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Seong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: The influence of the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor, gemigliptin alone or in combination with metformin on survival, proliferation, and migration of thyroid carcinoma cells was investigated. METHODS: SW1736 and TPC-1 human thyroid carcinoma cells were used. RESULTS: Gemigliptin and metformin caused cell death in a dose-dependent manner. In cells treated with both gemigliptin and metformin, compared with metformin alone, all of the combination index values were lower than 1...
December 28, 2017: Endocrine
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