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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403362/carbapenem-resistance-in-acinetobacter-baumannii-is-associated-with-enhanced-survival-on-hospital-fabrics
#1
Rosa M Lopez-Gigosos, Alberto Mariscal, Mario Gutierrez-Bedmar, Macarena Real, Eloisa Mariscal-López
The success of Acinetobacter baumannii as an emerging organism is probably linked to its high resistance to adverse environmental conditions. This study was conducted to analyze the association between some factors that may favor the dissemination of A. baumannii clinical isolates. A total of 47 clinical strains of A. baumannii were evaluated to carbapenem, the ability to produce biofilm, the susceptibility to some antiseptics, and the survival time on cotton fabrics. Most of the isolates were resistant to carbapenem (72...
November 7, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403361/high-rate-of-colistin-and-fosfomycin-resistance-among-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-turkey
#2
Serap Süzük Yıldız, Banu Kaşkatepe, Hüsniye Şimşek, Fatma Mutlu Sarıgüzel
When the problem with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) increases, the older antimicrobial agents such as colistin and fosfomycin are used for the treatment of these infections. In this study, the broth microdilution method for colistin and the agar dilution method for fosfomycin were used for a total of 147 multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains of CRE. The study included Klebsiella pneumoniae (91.16%), Escherichia coli (7.48%), Enterobacter cloacae (0.68%), and Serratia marcescens (0...
November 7, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403360/emergence-of-bla-veb-and-bla-ges-among-vim-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-clinical-isolates-in-alexandria-egypt
#3
Ahmed Gaballah, Amira Elbaradei, Amel Elsheredy, Ola Kader
Thirty-three Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, resistant to one or more β-lactams, were included in this study. Identification of tested strains was confirmed using MALDI-TOF/MS. Phenotypic and genotypic β-lactamase patterns were investigated. Most of the isolates were resistant to carbapenems (32 out of 33) and to the extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESC) (30 out of 33). Phenotypically, the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), metallo-β-lactamases (MBL), and carbapenemases was detected in 10, 23, and 9 isolates, respectively...
November 7, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246548/first-detection-of-efrab-an-abc-multidrug-efflux-pump-in-enterococcus-faecalis-in-tehran-iran
#4
Seyedeh Marzieh Jabbari Shiadeh, Ali Hashemi, Fatemeh Fallah, Parnian Lak, Leila Azimi, Marjan Rashidan
Enterococcus faecalis is one of the most significant pathogen in both nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Reduced susceptibility to antibiotics is in part due to efflux pumps. This study was conducted on 80 isolates of E. faecalis isolated from outpatients with urinary tract infection during a period of 1 year from April 2014 to April 2015. The antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates were determined by the disk diffusion method and presence of efrA and efrB genes was detected by PCR and sequencing...
September 24, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203691/genotypic-analysis-of-s-segment-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-turkey
#5
Umut Safiye Say Coskun, Zahide Asık
The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne virus, whose viral RNA consists of S, L, and M segments. The virus is migrating through the ticks with animals and migratory birds and the geographical distribution can be investigated based on genetic analysis. To better understand the connection between the seropositivity and the mortality rate, the key factor could be the temporal and spatial analysis of the different strains. In this study, serum samples (n = 26) were selected from CCHFV RNA-positive patients and subjected to sequence analysis of the gene regions encoding the S segments...
September 11, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203690/the-relationship-between-structure-and-in-vitro-antistaphylococcal-effect-of-plant-derived-stilbenes
#6
Tereza Zakova, Johana Rondevaldova, Andrea Bernardos, Premysl Landa, Ladislav Kokoska
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen that is responsible for both hospital- and community-acquired infections. Stilbenes are polyphenol compounds of plant origin known to possess a variety of pharmacological properties, such as antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal effects. This study reports the in vitro growth-inhibitory potential of eight naturally occurring stilbenes against six standard strains and two clinical isolates of S. aureus, using a broth microdilution method, and expressing the results as minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs)...
September 11, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203689/prevalence-of-enterotoxin-encoding-genes-among-diverse-shigella-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-diarrhea-southwest-iran
#7
Mojtaba Moosavian, Sakineh Seyed-Mohammadi, Ahmad Farajzadeh Sheikh, Saeed Khoshnood, Aram Asarehzadegan Dezfuli, Morteza Saki, Gholamreza Ghaderian, Fatemeh Shahi, Mahtab Abdi, Fariba Abbasi
Shigella spp. are a major cause of bacillary dysentery, particularly among children in developing countries such as Iran. This study aimed to investigate the presence of two important Shigella enterotoxins (ShET-1 and ShET-2), encoded by the set and sen genes, respectively, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay among Shigella species isolated from children affected by shigellosis in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, from June 2016 to April 2017, altogether 117 Shigella isolates were collected from fecal specimens of children aged <15 years with diarrhea in Ahvaz, southwest Iran...
September 11, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111161/high-rate-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-detected-from-hospital-equipments-in-iran
#8
Mehdi Moghadampour, Azhar Salari-Jazi, Jamshid Faghri
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, antibiogram, and related genes of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) among hospital environment samples. A total of 250 samples were taken from different surfaces and medical devices of three hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. All samples were cultured and K. pneumoniae strains were identified by conventional microbiological methods and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Antibiogram of isolates was performed by disk diffusion method and production of carbapenemases and metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) was confirmed using modified Hodge test and E-test, respectively...
August 16, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111160/prevalence-of-vim-and-gim-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-from-patients-with-severe-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Smiline As Girija, Vijayashree Priyadharsini Jayaseelan, Paramasivam Arumugam
Carbapenems are administered as the final drug of choice for treating complicated nosocomial infections caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains. It is currently a worldwide issue that metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) as carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzymes are one of the major drug resistance mechanisms. This investigation is thus aimed to assess the prevalence and characterize the MBL-producing strains of A. baumannii both by phenotypic assays and by genotypic characterization. A total of 73 isolates of A...
August 16, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043621/transmissible-silver-resistance-readily-evolves-in-high-risk-clone-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#10
Adrienn Hanczvikkel, Miklós Füzi, Erika Ungvári, Ákos Tóth
Silver is used extensively in both hospitals and outpatient clinics as a disinfectant coating agent on various devices. Resistance to silver was recently reported as an emerging problem in Enterobacteriaceae. Multidrug-resistant high-risk clones of Klebsiella pneumoniae are common causes of serious healthcare-associated infections worldwide posing a serious threat to patients. In this study, we investigated the capacity of both high-risk (CG14/15 and CG258) and minor clone strains of K. pneumoniae to develop resistance to silver...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024268/the-emergence-of-bla-oxa-48-and-bla-ndm-among-esbl-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-clinical-isolates-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-iran
#11
Mehdi Moghadampour, Aliakbar Rezaei, Jamshid Faghri
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) and the most common types of carbapenemases, metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs), and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) among CRKP isolates in a tertiary hospital in Isfahan, Iran. Eighty non-repetitive clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae were obtained from different clinical specimens. Antibiotic resistance pattern of isolates was determined by disk diffusion method and production of carbapenemases and MBLs was confirmed using modified Hodge test and E-test, respectively...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024267/mycobacteria-produce-proteins-involved-in-biofilm-formation-and-growth-affecting-processes
#12
Joana Korabliovienė, Mykolas Mauricas, Česlova Ambrozevičienė, Mindaugas Valius, Algirdas Kaupinis, Saulius Čaplinskas, Pavel Korabliov
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of mycobacterial proteins on mycobacterial biofilm formation and growth processes. We separated growth-affecting proteins (GEPs) from wild type of Mycobacterium bovis and ATCC strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium. Our results showed that these mycobacteria-secreted GEPs are involved in biofilm formation, growth stimulatory, and inhibitory processes. Our findings suggest that GEP stimulated M. avium subsp. avium growth in vitro. Stimulation process was observed in mycobacteria affected with GEP extracted from M...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651861/the-first-characterized-carbapenem-resistant-bacteroides-fragilis-strain-from-croatia-and-the-case-study-for-it
#13
Maja Bogdan, Ljilijana Perić, Katalin Ördög, Dubravka Vuković, Edit Urbán, József Sóki
An imipenem-resistant Bacteroides fragilis strain was isolated from the blood of a 72-year-old male patient with a urinary bladder tumor in Osijek, Croatia. This strain was also resistant to ampicillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoxitin, clindamycin, tetracycline, and harbored cfiA, ermF, and tetQ genes where the high-level expression of the cfiA carbapenem-resistant gene was driven by an IS1187 element. Interestingly, despite the carbapenem-resistant feature of the B. fragilis from blood, the patient relatively easily recovered from the bacteremia...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651859/effect-of-amino-acid-substitution-in-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-on-carbapenem-susceptibility
#14
Azer Özad Düzgün
The aim of this work was investigation of clinically important amino acid substitutions of NDM-1 variants. A blaNDM-1 gene was cloned into expression vector pET100/D-TOPO. The sequence of NDM-1 variants with substituted amino acids was determined by ClustalW program. A pET100/D-TOPO + blaNDM-1 was used to generate the alanine mutations at different positions, such as NDM-2 (P28A), NDM-3 (D95A), NDM-4 (M154A), NDM-5 (V88A), NDM-7 (D130A), and NDM-9 (E152A). The mutant variants were transformed into Escherichia coli DH5α...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552898/antineoplastic-potential-of-mycotoxins
#15
István Pócsi, Gábor Király, Gáspár Bánfalvi
Fungal toxins are secondary metabolites, in which many of them were mycotoxins, affecting eukaryotic cells with a broad range of structural and functional variety contributing to the multitude of their classification. This refers to the harmful genotoxic (mutagenic, teratogenic, and carcinogenic) effects of mycotoxins on the one hand, and their cytocidic and antineoplastic properties on the other hand. This "double edged sword" effect could be utilized against the spread of tumors in older patients when the survival is much more important than the mutagenic side effects...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512393/value-of-the-eazyplex-%C3%A2-csf-direct-assay-in-rapid-diagnosis-of-invasive-meningococcal-disease-case-report
#16
Matthias Karrasch, Sven Eisenach, Ulrich Vogel, Jan Zinke, Otto W Witte, Albrecht Günther, Bernd Romeike, Jürgen Rödel
There is a need for easy-to-use molecular assays for diagnosis of invasive meningococcal disease. Here, we report the rapid identification of Neisseria meningitidis in a cerebrospinal fluid sample from a patient with purulent meningitis using a commercially available loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay, resulting in a prompt de-escalation of the initial empiric antibiotic therapy.
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471694/assessing-the-microbial-communities-inhabiting-drinking-water-networks-and-nitrifying-enrichments-with-special-respect-on-nitrifying-microorganisms
#17
Zsuzsanna Nagymáté, Katalin Nemes-Barnás, Gergely Krett, Károly Márialigeti
This study provides a comprehensive microbiological survey of three drinking water networks applying different water treatment processes. Variability of microbial communities was assessed by cultivation-based [nitrifying, denitrifying most probable number (MPN) heterotrophic plate count] and sequence-aided terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis. The effect of microbial community composition on nitrifying MPN values was revealed. The non-treated well water samples showed remarkable differences to their corresponding distribution systems regarding low plate count, nitrifying MPN, and the composition of microbial communities, which increased and changed, respectively, in distribution systems...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471691/streptococcus-pneumoniae-quorum-sensing-and-biofilm-formation-are-affected-by-thymus-daenensis-satureja-hortensis-and-origanum-vulgare-essential-oils
#18
Aram Sharifi, Ali Ahmadi, Abdolmajid Mohammadzadeh
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Thymus daenensis L., Satureja hortensis L., and Origanum vulgare L. essential oils (EOs) on the planktonic growth, biofilm formation, quorum sensing (QS), and competence system (CS) of Streptococcus pneumoniae. The anti-biofilm activity of EOs was determined by Microtiter-Plate Test (MtP) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The QS and CS inhibitory activities were determined on the pre-grown biofilm by gene expression analysis using quantitative real-time RT-PCR...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471688/plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-determinants-in-enterobacteriaceae-from-urine-clinical-samples
#19
Orsolya Szabó, Dániel Gulyás, Nikolett Szabó, Katalin Kristóf, Béla Kocsis, Dóra Szabó
Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants including, qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrD, qnrS, aac(6')-Ib-cr, oqxAB, and qepA, were investigated in 214 Enterobacteriaceae strains from urine clinical samples. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, and imipenem was performed by broth microdilution method. All strains were screened for PMQR genes by PCR. Virulence determinants, namely afa, pap, pil, sfa/foc, and kpsMT of eight Escherichia coli strains proven positive for at least one qnr gene, were investigated by PCR...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471687/neutrophil-cd64-a-potential-biomarker-in-patients-with-complicated-intra-abdominal-infections-a-literature-review
#20
Evgeni Dimitrov, Emil Enchev, Krasimira Halacheva, Georgi Minkov, Yovcho Yovtchev
Complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIaIs) respresent a serious cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and well-timed treatment can improve patients' outcome, whereas the delay in management often result in rapid progression to circulatory collapse, multiple organ failure, and death. Neutrophil CD64 antigen expression has been studied for several years as infectious and sepsis biomarker and has several characteristics that make it good for clinical employment. It has been suggested to be predictive of positive bacterial cultures and a useful test for management of sepsis and other significant bacterial infections...
August 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
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