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Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy

Hiroshi Takasaki, Scott Herbowy
The patient in this case study presented with constant idiopathic neck pain and left lower scapular pain (greater than 3 months) and was treated based on the principles of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Retraction exercises produced centralization of the lower scapular pain to the upper part of the scapula at the initial visit. At the first visit, the performance level on the Cranio-Cervical Flexion Test (CCFT) was ≤20 mmHg before the treatment. At the conclusion of the treatment during which centralization occurred, the CCFT level improved to 24 mmHg...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Jonathan Shemmell, Carrie Falling, Gisela Sole
OBJECTIVES: (1) to compare activity levels between monitored muscles during the dynamic relocation test (DRT); (2) to assess changes in muscle activation variability over 10 trials; (3) to assess within-muscle difference activity levels between the DRT and the unloaded side-lying shoulder external rotation exercise. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, laboratory-based, repeated measures study. Thirty asymptomatic individuals performed the DRT and unloaded side-lying external rotation...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Nancy R Talbott And, Dexter W Witt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify in vivo posterior translational movements occurring in the glenohumeral joint during posterior mobilizations and to determine the intratester reliability of those posterior translational movements. METHODS: Twenty-eight individuals (17 females, 11 males) participated in this study. One physical therapist utilized a Kaltenborn approach to apply three grades of posterior humeral mobilization. A hand held dynamometer was used to quantify the force used during each grade of mobilization...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Terrence Rose, Joshua Butler, Nicholaus Salinas, Ryan Stolfus, Tanisha Wheatley, Ron Schenk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether individuals with neck pain who demonstrate centralisation of symptoms have more favourable outcome than individuals who do not demonstrate centralisation. METHODS: Eleven subjects with neck pain were evaluated and treated by two physical therapists certified in Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Eleven physical therapy patients underwent a routine initial evaluation and were treated 2-3 times per week using MDT principles and other physical therapy interventions...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Mary Kamal Nassif Takla, Naglaa Mohamed Abdel Razek, Omaima Kattabei, Marzouk Abdel Fattah El-Lythy
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a lack of objective means to quantify myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) and their core features. Our research compares (1) MTrPs and surrounding myofascial tissue using two-dimensional grayscale ultrasound (2DGSUS) and vibration sonoelastography (VSE); (2) the accuracy of both modes in visualizing MTrPs; (3) 'active' and 'latent' MTrPs, using VSE; and (4) the accuracy of both modes in visualizing deep and superficially located MTrPs. METHODS: Fifty participants with more than two MTrPs in their quadratus lumborum, longissimus thoracis, piriformis, and gluteus medius muscles were assigned to an active MTrP (low back pain) group or a latent (currently pain free) MTrP group...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sean P Riley, Brian Swanson, Jean-Michel Brismée, Steven F Sawyer
Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Objectives: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the orthopaedic manual therapy (OMT) literature from January 2010 to June 2014 in order to determine if the CONSORT checklist and Cochrane Risk of Bias (RoB) assessment tools: (1) are reliable; (2) have improved the reporting and decreased the risk of bias in RCTs in the OMT literature; (3) differ based on journal impact factor (JIF); and (4) scores are associated with each other...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sean P Riley, Brian T Swanson, Steven F Sawyer, Jean-Michel Brismée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Steve Karas, Laura Plankis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper was to define treatment fidelity, review its use in health care research and suggest how it may be utilized in manual therapy research to improve the reliability and validity of the literature. RESULTS: We offer an outline and a table of how manual therapy research may benefit from the concept of treatment fidelity. DISCUSSION: While treatment fidelity is a newer concept, and has not been integrated into Physical Therapy or Manual Therapy research, when utilized, it can have positive effects on the reliability and validity of the techniques we evaluate...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Ester Cerezo-Téllez, María Torres Lacomba, Isabel Fuentes-Gallardo, Orlando Mayoral Del Moral, Beatriz Rodrigo-Medina, Carlos Gutiérrez Ortega
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a frequent complaint in office workers. This pain can be caused by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the trapezius muscle. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of deep dry needling (DDN) of active MTrPs in the trapezius muscle. METHODS: A randomized, single blinded clinical trial was carried out at the Physical Therapy Department at Physiotherapy in Women's Health Research Group at Physical Therapy Department of University of Alcalá, in Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Seth Peterson, Cheri Hodges
BACKGROUND: Lumbar lateral shift (LLS) is a common clinical observation but has rarely been described in a patient with a history of lumbar surgery. The purpose of the current case report was to describe the use of the McKenzie Method of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) in the multi-modal treatment of a patient with an LLS and a history of multiple surgical procedures in the lumbar spine, including interspinous process device (IPD) implantation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old female with chronic low back pain (LBP) and a surgical history in the lumbar spine was referred to physical therapy for radiating leg pain and presented with a right LLS...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Sarah Burke, Kristina Lynch, Zakkee Moghul, Craig Young, Kristen Saviola, Ron Schenk
BACKGROUND: Physical therapy intervention is often sought to treat cervical spine conditions and a comprehensive physical therapy examination has been associated with more favourable outcomes. The cervical relocation test (CRT) is one method used to assess joint position sense (PS) integrity of the cervical spine. Previous research has found significant differences in the CRT between symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects. Impaired kinaesthetic awareness in the cervical spine may be associated with degenerative joint disease, chronicity of the complaint and increased susceptibility to re-injury...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Rob A B Oostendorp, Hans Elvers, Emilia Mikolajewska, Nathalie Roussel, Emiel van Trijffel, Han Samwel, Jo Nijs, William Duquet
OBJECTIVES: The term 'cephalalgiaphobia' was introduced in the mid-1980s and defined as fear of migraine (attacks). We hypothesized that a specific subtype of cephalalgiaphobia affects patients with cervicogenic headache (CEH). This study aimed to: (1) define the term 'cervico-cephalalgiaphobia'; (2) develop a set of indicators for phobia relevant to patients with CEH; and (3) apply this set to a practice test in order to estimate the frequency of cervico-cephalalgiaphobia in the Dutch primary care practice of manual physical therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Melissa C Kolski, Annie O'Connor, Krista Van Der Laan, Jungwha Lee, Allan J Kozlowski, Anne Deutsch
The objective of this study was to validate the clinical application of a pain mechanism classification system (PMCS) in clinical practice. We analyzed data abstracted from the medical records of patients who were treated in the outpatient clinics of a large urban rehabilitation hospital in Chicago. We hypothesized that there would be good agreement between the PMCS determined by trained therapists and the PMCS category assigned based on a computer-generated statistical model using patients' signs and symptoms...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Kim Budelmann, Harry von Piekartz, Toby Hall
OBJECTIVES: Cervical movement impairment has been identified as a core component of cervicogenic headache evaluation. However, normal range of motion values in children has been investigated rarely and no study has reported such values for the flexion-rotation test (FRT). The purpose of this study was to identify normal values and side-to-side variation for cervical spine range of motion (ROM) and the FRT, in asymptomatic children aged 6-12 years. Another important purpose was to identify the presence of pain during the FRT...
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Tiê Yamato, Chris Maher, Bruno Saragiotto, Anne Moseley, Tammy Hoffmann, Mark Elkins, Shannon Petersen, Sean Riley, Jean-Michel Brismée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Cristiana Kahl Collins, Vicky Saliba Johnson, Ellen M Godwin, Evangelos Pappas
OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability and validity of the Saliba Postural Classification System (SPCS). METHODS: Two physical therapists classified pictures of 100 volunteer participants standing in their habitual posture for inter and intra-tester reliability. For validity, 54 participants stood on a force plate in a habitual and a corrected posture, while a vertical force was applied through the shoulders until the clinician felt a postural give. Data were extracted at the time the give was felt and at a time in the corrected posture that matched the peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) in the habitual posture...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Steve Karas, Anthony Schneiders, Duncan Reid, Victor Talisa
OBJECTIVES: We sought to find if there was a relationship between the confidence in use of static palpation, passive physiological intervertebral motion (PPIVM) and passive accessory intervertebral motion (PAIVM) and the manual therapist's (MTs) knowledge of the literature on these topics. METHODS: We designed an international survey to achieve our objectives. Each skill was surveyed for the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spines. We also included several other factors that we believed might influence the use of these skills...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Joseph R Maccio, Sarah Fink, Richard Yarznbowicz, Stephen May
BACKGROUND: lateral epicondylalgia (LE) is a musculoskeletal diagnosis that causes pain and dysfunction in the lateral aspect of the elbow. Mechanical diagnosis and therapy (MDT) is an orthopaedic classification and treatment system based on mechanical and symptomatic response to repeated and sustained end-range movement. There has been no investigation of the association between MDT and patients diagnosed with LE. CASE DESCRIPTION: this report presents three patients matching the currently accepted diagnostic criteria for LE, two with a diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) from a medical doctor...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Shala Cunningham
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects between 1 and 2 million individuals in the United States. Atlantoaxial instability (AAI) has been shown to have 40-85% prevalence among individuals with RA. Despite the high incidence of craniovertebral involvement, overt symptoms of instability are rare. The high risk of AAI and limited symptomology should increase therapist suspicion of potential contraindications and precautions to initiation of therapy for the cervical spine without prior diagnostic imaging. The purpose of this case study is to describe the historical, clinical, and diagnostic imaging complexity of AAI associated with RA, and to illustrate the use of these factors in the clinical reasoning within a patient case...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Christopher H Wise, Ronald J Schenk, Jill Black Lattanzi
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence to support the use of high velocity thrust manipulation in the management of lumbar spinal conditions, utilization of thrust manipulation among clinicians remains relatively low. One reason for the underutilization of these procedures may be related to disparity in training in the performance of these techniques at the professional and post professional levels. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of using a new model of active learning on participant confidence in the performance of spinal thrust manipulation and the implications for its use in the professional and post-professional training of physical therapists...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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