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Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128089/thin-melanoma-a-generic-term-including-four-histological-subtypes-of-cutaneous-melanoma
#1
Luca Roncati, Teresa Pusiol, Francesco Piscioli
Today, the scientific community is focusing on the prognostic significance of different histological subtypes of thin melanoma (1). The current staging system for melanoma of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) uses Breslow thickness as the primary attribute: melanomas with up to 1 mm thickness is defined as thin, because they present a good prognosis after surgical excision, with a 10-year survival rate of 85-90% in case of a tumor-free margin ≥1 cm (2). There is a significant interaction between mitotic rate and Breslow depth, so the predictive value of the mitotic rate on sentinel lymph node (SLN) positivity can be dependent on Breslow thickness (3)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128088/gestational-pityriasis-rosea-suggestions-for-approaching-affected-pregnant-women
#2
Alexandra Monastirli, Efstathia Pasmatzi, George Badavanis, Dionysios Tsambaos
Dear Editor, Pityriasis rosea is a common, acute, and self-limiting dermatosis, which is associated with the endogenous systemic reactivation of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and/or HHV-7 (1). It predominantly affects individuals of both sexes in their second or third decade of life and is clinically characterized by the occurrence of an initial erythematosquamous plaque followed by the appearance of disseminated similar but smaller lesions one or two weeks later. Several patients develop systemic symptoms such as nausea, anorexia, malaise, headache, fever, arthralgia, and lymphadenopathy that may precede or accompany the eruption; the latter follows the cleavage lines of the trunk creating the configuration of a Christmas tree and spontaneously resolves within 4 to 8 weeks...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128087/direct-insertion-of-muscle-fibers-is-not-restricted-to-facial-skin
#3
Uwe Wollina
Facial musculature is divided into masticatory muscles, i.e. M. masseter and M. buccalis, with bony insertions and smaller facial muscles involved in facial expression, which insert into bone and skin. There are four fixed osteocutaneous points of the face, i.e. zygomatic (Mac Gregor), mandibular (Furnas), orbital (Psillakis), and masseteric with an antigravitational effect and functional role in facial expression (1,2). In other body parts, the direct insertion of muscle fibers into skin has not been reported...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128086/vesicular-contact-reaction-may-progress-into-erythema-multiforme
#4
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz, Dorota Jenerowicz, Joanna Szulczyńska-Gabor, Ewa Teresiak-Mikołajczak, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
Dear Editor, Erythema multiforme is considered an acute skin condition, characterized by a self-limiting and sometimes recurrent course. It is regarded as a type IV hypersensitivity reaction associated with certain infections, medications, and other various triggers. Allergic contact dermatitis is in turn a delayed type of induced allergy as a result of cutaneous contact with a specific allergen to which the patient develops specific sensitivity. This type of cutaneous reaction is associated with inflammation manifesting with erythema, edema, and vesicles...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128085/antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-anti%C3%AE-2glicoprotein-1-antibodies-as-the-cause-of-recurrent-tibial-vein-thrombosis-in-sapho-syndrome
#5
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Marek Brzosko
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Venous thrombosis complicating SAPHO syndrome seems to be uncommon with an unclear pathogenesis (3-9)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128084/boils-at-frictional-locations-in-a-patient-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#6
Jurr Boer, Dalibor Mihajlovic
Dear Editor, Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease. The primary clinical presentation are painful inflamed nodules or boils of inverse areas, i.e. the axillary and anogenito-crural regions, but it can also involve the infra- and inter-mammary regions (1,2). The etiology of HS is not clearly defined. Obesity, smoking, and genetic factors are considered important risk factors. In addition, it has also been suggested that friction may contribute to the development of HS, especially in the obese, but this is based on highly anecdotal reports (3-5)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128083/sonographic-detection-of-subcutaneous-foreign-bodies-in-3-cases
#7
Hiroko Matsuno, Tsuneo Watanabe, Saori Tada, Ayako Sekine, Yuzuru Nohisa, Koichi Shinoda, Nobuyuki Furuta, Hiroyasu Ito, En Shu, Mariko Seishima
Subcutaneous masses caused by foreign bodies are frequently encountered in daily practice. Although the majority of foreign bodies such as metals can be detected by radiography, substances such as vegetative materials or wood are difficult to detect. To our knowledge, only a few studies have described the sonographic characteristics of foreign bodies. Herein, we report 3 cases where we studied the sonographic characteristics of the foreign bodies in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Our results revealed the following 3 foreign bodies: (1) glass, (2) vegetative material, and (3) a pencil core...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128082/a-giant-basal-cell-carcinoma-misdiagnosed-and-mistreated-as-a-chronic-venous-ulcer
#8
Dijana Celić, Jasna Lipozenčić, Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Jolanda Kanižaj Rajković, Davorin Lončarić, Tajana Borlinić
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. Giant BCCs are quite rare. They can cause extensive local invasion, disfigurement, and metastasis. We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with an unrecognized and inadequately treated ulcerated giant BCC sized 12.5 × 10.0 cm that occurred on her left lower leg without any sign of metastasis. Neglect and inadequate treatment of the primary lesion are the most important contributing factors responsible for size in giant BCC.
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128081/dermoscopic-findings-in-patients-with-pigmented-purpuric-dermatoses
#9
Seray Külcü Çakmak, Arzu Kılıç, Ahu Yorulmaz, Duru Onan, Derya Yayla, Ferda Artüz
Pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD) are a group of chronic and relapsing cutaneous disorders characterized by a distinct purpuric rash. The diagnosis is made with clinical and histopathological findings. Dermoscopy has rarely been used in the diagnosis of PPD. The aim of our study is to describe the dermoscopic findings in patients with PPD. Eighteen patients who were clinically and histopathologically diagnosed with PPD were studied prospectively. The type and duration of PPD, associated diseases, and medication history of the patients were noted...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128080/seroprevalence-of-syphilis-among-pregnant-women-in-the-varna-region-bulgaria
#10
Gabriela Tsankova, Tatina T Todorova, Tsvetelina Kostadinova, Lilia Ivanova, Neli Ermenlieva
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with continuously rising rates among European countries. The vertical (mother to child) transmission is an important way of dissemination, often leading to stillbirth and permanent impairment of the newborn. We present a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 2702 pregnant women tested for syphilis seropositivity. During the study period (2009-2013) non-specific and specific treponemal antibodies were detected in 15 pregnant women (0.56% of sample size with 95% confidence interval (CI) 0...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128079/is-there-a-link-between-human-herpesvirus-infection-and-toll-like-receptors-in-the-pathogenesis-of-pityriasis-rosea-a-case-control-study
#11
Mostafa Abou El-Ela, Eman Shaarawy, Mohamed El-Komy, Marwa Fawzy, Rania Abdel Hay, Rehab Hegazy, Amin Sharobim, Nadine Moustafa, Laila Rashed, Khalda Sayed Sayed Amr
Human herpesvirus (HHV) 6 and 7 are involved in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea (PR). Our aim was to evaluate the role of the innate immune response in PR through the detection of Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 expression in the skin of affected patients and to detect the possibility of being induced by HHV-6 and/or HHV-7 viral coexistence in these patients. Twenty-four patients with PR and 24 healthy controls were included in this case-control study. Biopsy was obtained from the PR lesion and from the healthy skin of controls for detection of HHV-6 and 7 as well as TLRs 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 gene expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128078/distribution-of-malassezia-species-in-patients-with-different-dermatological-disorders-and-healthy-individuals
#12
Asja Prohić, Tamara Jovović Sadiković, Suada Kuskunović-Vlahovljak, Rusmir Baljić
There are differences with respect to the commonly isolated Malassezia species, not only between healthy individuals and the patients with various skin diseases, but also between different countries. We investigated the species composition of Malassezia microflora on the skin of patients with Malassezia-associated diseases and of healthy subjects (HS). Two hundred and fifty skin scrapings from patients with pityriasis versicolor (PV), seborrheic dermatitis (SD), atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriasis (PS), and healthy subjects (HS), fifty each, were inoculated into Sabouraud dextrose agar and into modified Dixon agar and identified using conventional culture-based methods...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128077/serum-cytokine-profiles-in-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis
#13
Asuman Gürkan, Ayşegül Atak Yücel, Cemile Sönmez, Şennur Keleş, İlknur Bostancı
Atopic dermatitis (AD) in infancy is believed to have distinct features as compared to AD in other age groups, and little is known about cytokine production in infants with AD. We aimed to measure the serum cytokine levels of infants with atopic dermatitis and evaluate the association of new anti-inflammatory cytokines with the disease. Eighty-one infant patients with AD and 52 healthy controls were involved in this study. The serum levels of major pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines of the T-helper (Th) subtypes, as well as more recently defined interleukins (IL-27, IL-35, and IL-37), were measured using the ELISA method...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128076/assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#14
Olivia Komorowska, Michal Bohdan, Aneta Szczerkowska-Dobosz, Dorota Rawicz-Zegrzda, Maria Dudziak, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Marcin Gruchala, Dorota Purzycka-Bohdan, Roman Nowicki
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Aim of this work was to evaluate the association between psoriasis and chosen cardiovascular risk factors, echocardiographic parameters, and carotid intima-media thickness. A total of 50 patients with psoriasis and 50 controls were enrolled in the study. Psoriasis area severity index was calculated in the study group. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, lipids, fasting glucose, and D-dimer levels were assessed in all patients...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128075/under-the-surface-of-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-biology
#15
REVIEW
Vlatka Pandžić Jakšić, Danijela Grizelj
The global obesity epidemic enhanced contemporary interest in adipose tissue biology. Two structurally and functionally distinct depots, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT), are spread throughout the body. Their distribution was recognized to be a major determinant of metabolic risk. Unlike VAT, SAT showed some protective endocrine and inflammatory features that might explain the occurrence of obese but metabolically healthy persons. The unique developmental gene expression signature, angiogenesis, and adipogenic potential of SAT determines its growth ability under the positive energy balance...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128074/the-role-of-androgens-and-estrogens-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Peter Theut Riis, Hans Christian Ring, Lotte Themstrup, Gregor Borut Jemec
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory skin disease. Several observations imply that sex hormones may play a role in its pathogenesis. HS is more common in women, and the disease severity appears to vary in intensity according to the menstrual cycle. In addition, parallels have been drawn between HS and acne vulgaris, suggesting that sex hormones may play a role in the condition. The role of androgens and estrogens in HS has therefore been explored in numerous observational and some interventional studies; however, the studies have often reported conflicting results...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663926/tinea-on-a-tattoo
#17
Alexandru Oanţă, Marius Irimie
In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663925/acupuncture-as-a-complementary-method-of-traditional-psoriasis-treatment-myth-or-reality
#18
Darija Mahović, Fanika Mrsić
Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Understanding the role of the immune system in psoriasis and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune system has helped to manage this complex disease, which affects patients far beyond the skin changes themselves (2). In addition to the usual and widely accepted methods of treatment of psoriasis, including topical therapies, phototherapy, and conventional and biological systemic therapies, data can be found in the literature that suggest a favorable effect of acupuncture on the course of psoriasis (4,5)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663924/mycosis-fungoides-associated-with-kaposi-s-sarcoma-t-cell-rich-b-cell-lymphoma-and-t-cell-lymphoma-with-angioimmunoblastic-features
#19
Liat Samuelov, Andrea Gat, Reuven Bergman, Eli Sprecher, Ilan Goldberg
A patient with mycosis fungoides (MF), Kaposi's sarcoma, T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma, and T-cell lymphoma with angioimmunoblastic features is described. The appearance of multiple malignancies in this patient may have been caused by previous exposure to radiation in the Chernobyl accident and/or systemic chemotherapy for the initial T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma which he underwent.
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663923/puva-induced-bullous-pemphigoid-in-psoriasis
#20
Nina Caca-Biljanovska, Irina Arsovska-Bezhoska, Marija V'lckova-Laskoska
The association between psoriasis vulgaris and bullous pemphigoid is due to the still unclear autoimmune process. The common disease site is the dermo-epidermal junction or basal membrane zone (BMZ), with specific alterations for both diseases. Photochemotherapy (PUVA) is one of the therapeutic modalities for psoriasis and can trigger production of autoantibodies against antigens in the BMZ in patients with subclinical bullous pemphigoid. Furthermore, PUVA therapy can alter the immunological milieu and hence can contribute to the expression of bullous pemphigoid in patients with psoriasis...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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