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Occupational Therapy International

Fatima Hendricks, Susan Toth-Cohen
Background: Twenty-three years into democracy, concern is deepening regarding the slow progress of Occupational Therapy (OT) in South Africa, especially with regard to diversity and inclusion within OT. Methods: This study explores authentic leadership development primarily among Black OT students attending a pilot Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa (OTASA) National Student Leadership Camp. It seeks to ascertain their perceptions on leadership and leadership development...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Sayaka Okahashi
Background: Assistive technology (AT) is a way to enhance the performance of daily activities in people with disabilities and help them live more independently. However, an important problem in providing AT lies in the effectiveness of information management. Local policymakers and health service providers have become aware of this problem and their perspectives are the key to solving it. Methods: This study explored the types of AT provided for people with disabilities in the community and the perspectives on information management of local policymakers and health service providers...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
Lucy Jane Miller, Sarah A Schoen, Shelley Mulligan, Jillian Sullivan
Rationale: This study explored subtypes of sensory processing disorder (SPD) by examining the clinical presentations of cluster groups that emerged from scores of children with SPD on the Sensory Processing 3-Dimension (SP-3D) Inventory. Method: A nonexperimental design was used involving data extraction from the records of 252 children with SPD. Exploratory cluster analyses were conducted with scores from the SP-3D Inventory which measures sensory overresponsivity (SOR), sensory underresponsivity (SUR), sensory craving (SC), postural disorder, dyspraxia, and sensory discrimination...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Eric Asaba, Mio Nakamura, Akie Asaba, Anders Kottorp
Background: Occupational therapists sometimes find it challenging to integrate client-centered and occupational therapy specific assessments in practice. The aim of this study was to explore the use of occupational therapy specific assessments such as the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) among occupational therapists in Sweden and Japan. Methods: Interviews and qualitative thematic analyses were utilized. Findings: Four themes are reported: (1) use it or lose it, (2) simply no space until after hours, (3) biggest barriers can be colleagues, and (4) being more specific: communication...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
DeokJu Kim
This study aimed to examine the relationships between caregiving stress, depression, and self-esteem of family caregivers of an adult person with a disability and to identify their effects on their caregiving burden. The study was performed with 108 care providers of adult people with a disability who visited hospital rehabilitation centers. Caregiving stress showed a significant positive correlation with depression and with economic and psychological stress, and it showed a significant negative correlation with self-esteem...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Victoria C Ritter, Mikkel M Thørrisen, Farzaneh Yazdani, Tore Bonsaksen
Background: The Intentional Relationship Model (IRM) proposes six therapeutic modes as ways of relating to clients. The Norwegian self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use (N-SETMU) was found to have a one-component structure. However, its items reflect abstract concepts rather than concrete behaviors. Aim: To validate further the N-SETMU by linking its items to the Norwegian client assessment of modes (N-CAM), with 30 items constituting six scales (linked to each mode), possessing concrete, behavioral content...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Sławomir Tobis, Mirosława Cylkowska-Nowak, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Aleksandra Suwalska
Background: The question arises how recent developments in robotics can contribute to the care for older people. The study is part of the EU-funded ENRICHME project. Objectives of Study: The aim of the study was to investigate opinions of occupational therapy students (OTS), as future professional caregivers, on the use of robots in care for older people. Methods: It included 26 OTS from Poznan University of Medical Sciences. To collect data, the Users' Needs, Requirements, and Abilities Questionnaire (UNRAQ) was developed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Danit Langer, Adina Maeir, Michael Michailevich, Shai Luria
Background: Trigger finger (TF) is a common hand pathology frequently encountered in hand clinics. Occupational therapists predominantly assess TF symptoms as opposed to using standardized hand functioning assessments. The purpose of this study was to assess the construct validity of dexterity and grip strength assessments for clients with TF. Method: Sixty-three participants with TF and 66 healthy controls were administered the Functional Dexterity Test (FDT), Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), and Jamar® Hydraulic Hand Dynamometer (JD) and completed the Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH)...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Joo-Hyun Lee, Ji-Hyuk Park, Yeong Jo Kim, Sang Heon Lee, Marcel W M Post, Hae Yean Park
This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (K-USER-P) in patients with stroke. Stroke patients participated in this study. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation was translated from English into Korean. A total of 120 questionnaires involving the K-USER-P were distributed to rehabilitation hospitals and centers by mail. Of those, 100 questionnaires were returned and 67 were included in the final analysis after exclusion of questionnaires with insufficient responses...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Lana Bestbier, Tim I Williams
Background: Deep pressure is widely used by occupational therapists for people with autism spectrum disorders. There is limited research evaluating deep pressure. Objective: To evaluate the immediate effects of deep pressure on young people with autism and severe intellectual disabilities. Methods: Mood and behaviour were rated for 13 pupils with ASD and severe ID before and after deep pressure sessions. Results: Sufficient data was available from 8 participants to be analysed using Tau-U, a nonparametric technique that allows for serial dependence in data...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Masahiro Ogawa, Seiji Nishida, Haruna Shirai
Background: Many occupational therapists face the challenge of helping clients with dementia to select and perform meaningful occupations, which may be difficult due to cognitive impairment. Understanding tacit knowledge of well-experienced occupational therapists could positively affect occupational therapy practice for clients with dementia. Objectives of Study: To explore the observations of experienced occupational therapists when evaluating the effects of activities in clients with dementia...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Bryan M Gee, Kelly Thompson, Jane Strickland, Lucy Jane Miller
With an increased demand arising from stake holders to provide more complex clinical experiences and to have students better prepared for clinical rotations, educators need to develop instructional tasks and measures to teach and assess clinical reasoning. The purpose of this article is to highlight a clinical simulation measure revolving around the A SECRET reasoning approach, which is also generalizable to other conditions and interventions. Preliminary findings of 1st year Master of Occupational Therapy students (n = 8) who took part in a pilot of the A SECRET case scenario reported positive, yet not strong, attitudes toward the A SECRET assessment and the sensory processing related content delivered in an online format as a part of a larger study...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Bryan M Gee, Jane Strickland, Kelly Thompson, Lucy Jane Miller
The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a series of online, module-based instructional reusable learning objects (RLOs) targeted at entry-level, 1st year, Master of Occupational Therapy students. The content of the RLOs addressed knowledge and implementation of A SECRET, a parental reasoning approach for children with a sensory processing disorder, specifically sensory over responsiveness. Nine RLOs were developed and embedded within a commonly used learning management system. Participants (n = 8) were evaluated regarding their ability to discriminate between appropriate and inappropriate A SECRET strategies using a selected-response assessment...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Patricia J Scott, Danielle Cacich, Morgan Fulk, Karen Michel, Katie Whiffen
Persons experiencing problems with adaptation following disease, disability, or overwhelming life circumstances are often referred by their physicians to occupational therapists. Given time constraints, therapists may skip administration of a client-centered participation focused assessment and instead use an impairment or limitation focused assessment. This approach assumes that skill remediation will naturally lead to return of participation in valued occupational roles because most participation measures take 30 minutes or longer...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
M Parente, M Tofani, R De Santis, G Esposito, V Santilli, G Galeoto
Background: Disasters are increasingly more frequent events on our planet. During disaster the role of the occupational therapist will require a more specific operative framework within nongovernmental organizations and community health services. Design: Systematic review. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence that highlight occupational therapist's role in disaster area through a systematic review. Materials and Methods: Research on MEDLINE was performed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Sutinun Juntorn, Sarinya Sriphetcharawut, Peeraya Munkhetvit
Learning disabilities (LD) can be associated with problems in the four stages of information processing used in learning: input, throughput, output, and feedback. These problems affect the child's ability to learn and perform activities in daily life, especially during academic activities. This study is a pilot study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of information processing strategy training using a combination of two approaches that address the ability to apply processing strategies during academic activities in children with LD...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Emily J Steel, Ricky Buchanan, Natasha Layton, Erin Wilson
Assistive technology was once a specialised field of practice, involving products designed for populations with specific impairments or functional goals. In Australia, occupational therapists have, at times, functioned as gatekeepers to public funding, prescribing products from a predefined list. An expanding range of accessible mainstream products available via international and online markets has changed the meaning and application of assistive technology for many people with disability. In the policy context of consumer choice and cost-effectiveness, have occupational therapists been left behind? This paper describes the change in context for access to assistive technology resulting in expanded possibilities for participation and inclusion...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Larissa Andriske, Debbie Verikios, Danielle Hitch
Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the experiences of both patients and therapists of using the SaeboFlex. Method: A mixed methods approach was adopted. Patients completed a questionnaire which included the Psychosocial Impacts of Assistive Devices Scale (PIADS) (Version 3.0) and 6 qualitative questions. Therapists completed 2 qualitative questionnaires, which collected data on the regimen adopted for the SaeboFlex and reflections on their practice with this device...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Rodolfo Morrison, Silvia Gómez, Enrique Henny, María Jesús Tapia, Laura Rueda
Background: The progression of occupational science in Chile is documented in the main scientific publication of the field, the Chilean Journal of Occupational Therapy (RChTO). Objective: Identify approaches to understanding and applying occupation and occupational science as elucidated in the RChTO. Methodology: A systematic qualitative review of the journal (2001-2012) identified articles elucidating an approach to understanding and application operationally defined as references to specific authors, theories, models/paradigms, definitions, and other fields that support approaches to O/OS...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Chia-Ting Su, Ai-Lun Yang, Chung-Ying Lin
This study examines the factor structure of the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale Revision 4 (SQLS-R4) for inpatients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric hospital in southern Taiwan. All the participants (n = 100) filled out the SQLS-R4, Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) under the supervision of one experienced occupational therapist. Using confirmatory factor analysis, we first determined that a 29-item model was more satisfactory than the original 33-item model based on the findings of better fit indices for the 29-item model...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
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