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Nursing Ethics

Ann Gallagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Ethics
Cecilia Bartholdson, Bert Molewijk, Kim Lützén, Klas Blomgren, Pernilla Pergert
BACKGROUND: In previous research on ethics case reflection (ECR) sessions about specific cases, healthcare professionals in childhood cancer care were clarifying their perspectives on the ethical issue to resolve their main concern of consolidating care. When perspectives were clarified, consequences in the team included 'increased understanding', 'group strengthening' and 'decision grounding'. Additional analysis of the data was needed on conditions that could contribute to the quality of ECR sessions...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Myung Sun Hyun, Jennie C De Gagne, Jeonghwa Park, Hee Sun Kang
BACKGROUND: Incivility behaviors are negative social behaviors that can create conflict and disrespect among the persons involved. In a learning environment, incivility negatively affects learning by reducing academic motivation, lowering satisfaction with the education program, and interrupting the learning process. In addition, incivility causes those involved to feel negative emotions, such as anger, depression, and anxiety. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the incivility experiences of nursing students during their nursing education? In what context do nursing students experience incivility during their education? RESEARCH DESIGN: This study used an exploratory qualitative methodology...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Settimio Monteverde, Tiziana Sala Defilippis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Linda Nyholm, Susanne Salmela, Lisbet Nyström, Camilla Koskinen
BACKGROUND: While sustainability is a key concept in many different domains today, it has not yet been sufficiently emphasized in the healthcare sector. Earlier research shows that ethical values and evidence-based care models create sustainability in care practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain further understanding of the ethical values central to the realization of sustainability in care and to create an ethical practice model whereby these basic values can be made perceptible and active in care practice...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Sultan Ayaz Alkaya, Şengül Yaman, Joyce Simones
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Professional values are abstract and general behavioral principles that provide basic standards to judge aims and actions, and these principles are formed by strong emotional loyalty of members of the profession. Research was conducted to compare the career choice and professional values of nursing students at two universities in the upper Midwest of the United States and in the middle of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and comparative design was used...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Nichola Ann Barlow, Janet Hargreaves, Warren P Gillibrand
BACKGROUND: Complex and expensive treatment options have increased the frequency and emphasis of ethical decision-making in healthcare. In order to meet these challenges effectively, we need to identify how nurses contribute the resolution of these dilemmas. AIMS: To identify the values, beliefs and contextual influences that inform decision-making. To identify the contribution made by nurses in achieving the resolution of ethical dilemmas in practice. DESIGN: An interpretive exploratory study was undertaken, 11 registered acute care nurses working in a district general hospital in England were interviewed, using semi-structured interviews...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Mia Svantesson, Marit Silén, Inger James
BACKGROUND: Moral Case Deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support described as a facilitator-led collective moral reasoning by healthcare professionals on a concrete moral question connected to their practice. Evaluation research is needed, but, as human interaction is difficult to standardise, there is a need to capture the content beyond moral reasoning. This allows for a better understanding of Moral Case Deliberation, which may contribute to further development of valid outcome criteria and stimulate the normative discussion of what Moral Case Deliberation should contain...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Minka Ruokonen, Hanna Repo, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: The ethics and value bases in healthcare are widely acknowledged. There is a need to improve and raise awareness of ethics in complex systems and in line with competing needs, different stakeholders and patients' rights. Evidence-based strategies and interventions for the development of procedures and practice have been used to improve care and services. However, it is not known whether and to what extent ethics can be developed using interventions. OBJECTIVES: To examine ethics interventions conducted on healthcare professionals and healthcare students to achieve ethics-related outcomes...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Camellia Torabizadeh, Leyla Homayuni, Marzieh Moattari
BACKGROUND: Nurses are often faced with complex situations that made them to make ethical decisions; and to make such decisions, they need to possess the power of moral reasoning. Studies in Iran show that the majority of nursing students lack proper ethical development. Socratic teaching is a student-centered method which is strongly opposed to the lecturing method. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the impacts of Socratic questioning on the moral reasoning of the nursing students...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Lillian Lillemoen, Reidun Førde, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Through the Norwegian ethics project, ethics activities have been implemented in the health and care sector in more than 200 municipalities. OBJECTIVES: To study outcomes of the ethics activities and examine which factors promote and inhibit significance and sustainability of the activities. RESEARCH DESIGN: Two online questionnaires about the municipal ethics activities. Participants and research context: A total of 137 municipal contact persons for the ethics project answered the first survey (55% response rate), whereas 217 ethics facilitators responded to the second survey (33% response rate)...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Mahnaz Shafakhah, Zahra Molazem, Mojgan Khademi, Farkhondeh Sharif
BACKGROUND: Values are the basis of nursing practice, especially in making decisions about complicated ethical issues. Despite their key role in nursing, little information exists on the factors affecting their development and manifestation in nursing students. OBJECTIVE: This study identifies and describes the facilitators and inhibitors of the development and manifestation of professional values based on the experiences of nursing students and instructors and nurses...
March 2018: Nursing Ethics
Ann Gallagher, David Augustin Hodge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Tahereh Ashktorab, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh
BACKGROUND: Ethics play an important role in activating the manpower and achieving the organizational goals. The nurse leaders' ethical behavior can promote the care quality by affecting the nurses' performance and bringing up several positive consequences for the organization. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify and describe the ethical competency of nurse leaders in cultural domains and the working conditions of the Iranian healthcare setting to arrive at a more comprehensive and specific perspective...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman
BACKGROUND: A key message in the World Health Organization's report on dementia emphasizes the need to improve public and professional attitudes to dementia and its understanding, while acknowledging the fact that the workforce in dementia care is becoming increasingly diverse culturally. OBJECTIVES: To explore possible differences among formal caretakers from varied cultural background in their attitudes toward the autonomy and human dignity of patients with dementia...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Afsaneh Sadooghiasl, Soroor Parvizy, Abbas Ebadi
BACKGROUND: Moral courage is one of the most fundamental virtues in the nursing profession, however, little attention has been paid to it. As a result, no exact and clear definition of moral courage has ever been accessible. OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out for the purposes of defining and clarifying its concept in the nursing profession. METHODS: This study used a hybrid model of concept analysis comprising three phases, namely, a theoretical phase, field work phase, and a final analysis phase...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Hatice Ulusoy, Güngör Güler, Gülay Yıldırım, Ecem Demir
BACKGROUND: Developing professional values among nursing students is important because values are a significant predictor of the quality care that will be provided, the clients' recognition, and consequently the nurses' job satisfaction. The literature analysis showed that there is only one validated tool available in Turkish that examines both the personal and the professional values of nursing students. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Salford-Scott Nursing Values Questionnaire in Turkish...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Anne Pier S Van der Meulen, Maaike A Hermsen, Petri Jcm Embregts
BACKGROUND: Self-determination is an important factor in improving the quality of life of people with moderate intellectual disabilities. A focus on self-determination implies that restraints on the freedom of people with intellectual disabilities should be decreased. In addition, according to the Dutch Care and Coercion bill, regular restraints of freedom, such as restrictions on choice of food or whom to visit, should be discouraged. Such restraints are only allowed if there is the threat of serious harm for the clients or their surroundings...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
Kristen E Pecanac, Margaret L Schwarze
BACKGROUND: Nurses and surgeons may experience intra-team conflict during decision making about the use of postoperative life-sustaining treatment in the intensive care unit due to their perceptions of professional roles and responsibilities. Nurses have a sense of advocacy-a responsibility to support the patient's best interest; surgeons have a sense of agency-a responsibility to keep the patient alive. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the discourse surrounding the responsibilities of nurses and surgeons, as "advocates" and "agents," and (2) apply these findings to determine how differences in role responsibilities could foster conflict during decision making about postoperative life-sustaining treatment in the intensive care unit...
February 2018: Nursing Ethics
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