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Nursing Ethics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359229/the-good-enough-doctor
#1
Ann Gallagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183239/editorial
#2
Settimio Monteverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005954/ethical-frameworks-for-surrogates-end-of-life-planning-experiences
#3
Hyejin Kim, Janet A Deatrick, Connie M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing body of knowledge about surrogate decision making, we know very little about the use of ethical frameworks (including ethical theories, principles, and concepts) to understand surrogates' day-to-day experiences in end-of-life care planning for incapacitated adults. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This qualitative systematic review was conducted to identify the types of ethical frameworks used to address surrogates' experiences in end-of-life care planning for incapacitated adults as well as the most common themes or patterns found in surrogate decision-making research...
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000190/reasons-behind-providing-futile-medical-treatments-in-iran
#4
Maryam Aghabarary, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite their negative consequences, evidence shows that futile medical treatments are still being provided, particularly to terminally ill patients. Uncovering the reasons behind providing such treatments in different religious and sociocultural contexts can create a better understanding of medical futility and help manage it effectively. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to explore Iranian nurses' and physicians' perceptions of the reasons behind providing futile medical treatments...
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26391693/defining-dignity-in-end-of-life-care-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Cayetano Fernández-Sola, María Mar Díaz Cortés, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Cayetano José Aranda Torres, José María Muñoz Terrón, José Granero-Molina
BACKGROUND: Respecting dignity is having a profound effect on the clinical relationship and the care framework for terminally ill patients in palliative care units, hospices and their own homes, with particular consequences for the emergency department. However, dignity is a vague and multifaceted concept that is difficult to measure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to define the attributes of dignity in end-of-life care in the emergency department, based on the opinions of physicians and nurses...
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385902/a-good-death
#6
Judith L Hold
BACKGROUND: On a day to day basis, nurses are facing more ethical dilemmas during end-of-life care resulting in not being able to actualize a good death for patients. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how experienced hospice nurses resolve day to day ethical dilemmas during end-of-life care. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study used a qualitative narrative approach. PARTICIPANTS: Through purposeful sampling, a total of six experienced hospice nurse participated...
February 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095758/ethical-difficulties-in-healthcare-a-comparison-between-physicians-and-nurses
#7
Cinzia Leuter, Carmen La Cerra, Santina Calisse, Danila Dosa, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
BACKGROUND: Advances in biomedical sciences, technologies and care practices have resulted in an increase in ethical problems and a resulting growth of difficulties encountered by health workers in their professional activity. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyse knowledge in the ethical field and experience with and the propensity for using ethics consultations by nurses and physicians. METHODS: Between March and June 2014, a cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 351 nurses and 128 physicians in four central Italian hospitals...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443357/informed-consent-and-the-aftermath-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-ethical-considerations
#8
Pamela Bjorklund, Denise M Lund
BACKGROUND: Patients often are confronted with the choice to allow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should cardiac arrest occur. Typically, informed consent for CPR does not also include detailed discussion about survival rates, possible consequences of survival, and/or potential impacts on functionality post-CPR. OBJECTIVE: A lack of communication about these issues between providers and patients/families complicates CPR decision-making and highlights the ethical imperative of practice changes that educate patients and families in those deeper and more detailed ways...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438074/the-value-of-metaphorical-reasoning-in-bioethics-an-empirical-ethical-study
#9
Erik Olsman, Bert Veneberg, Claudia van Alfen, Dorothea Touwen
BACKGROUND: Metaphors are often used within the context of ethics and healthcare but have hardly been explored in relation to moral reasoning. OBJECTIVE: To describe a central set of metaphors in one case and to explore their contribution to moral reasoning. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 parents of a child suffering from the neurodegenerative disease CLN3. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and metaphors were analyzed...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425315/caring-in-nursing-homes-to-promote-autonomy-and-participation
#10
Maria Hedman, Elisabeth Häggström, Anna-Greta Mamhidir, Ulrika Pöder
BACKGROUND: Autonomy and participation are threatened within the group of older people living in nursing homes. Evidence suggests that healthcare personnel act on behalf of older people but are still excluding them from decision-making in everyday care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to describe registered nurses' experience of caring for older people in nursing homes to promote autonomy and participation. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive design with a phenomenological approach was used...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421865/it-s-not-all-about-moral-reasoning-understanding-the-content-of-moral-case-deliberation
#11
Mia Svantesson, Marit Silén, Inger James
BACKGROUND: Moral Case Deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support described as a facilitator-led collective moral reasoning by healthcare professionals on a concrete moral question connected to their practice. Evaluation research is needed, but, as human interaction is difficult to standardise, there is a need to capture the content beyond moral reasoning. This allows for a better understanding of Moral Case Deliberation, which may contribute to further development of valid outcome criteria and stimulate the normative discussion of what Moral Case Deliberation should contain...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399688/conscience-conscientious-objection-and-nursing-a-concept-analysis
#12
Christina Lamb, Marilyn Evans, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Carol A Wong, Ken W Kirkwood
BACKGROUND: Ethical nursing practice is increasingly challenging, and strategies for addressing ethical dilemmas are needed to support nurses' ethical care provision. Conscientious objection is one such strategy for addressing nurses' personal, ethical conflicts, at times associated with conscience. Exploring both conscience and conscientious objection provides understanding regarding their implications for ethical nursing practice, research, and education. Research aim: To analyze the concepts of conscience and conscientious objection in the context of nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393607/ethics-interventions-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students-a-systematic-review
#13
Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Minka Ruokonen, Hanna Repo, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: The ethics and value bases in healthcare are widely acknowledged. There is a need to improve and raise awareness of ethics in complex systems and in line with competing needs, different stakeholders and patients' rights. Evidence-based strategies and interventions for the development of procedures and practice have been used to improve care and services. However, it is not known whether and to what extent ethics can be developed using interventions. OBJECTIVES: To examine ethics interventions conducted on healthcare professionals and healthcare students to achieve ethics-related outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393606/how-work-setting-and-job-experience-affect-professional-nurses-values
#14
Ana Fernández-Feito, María Del Rosario Palmeiro-Longo, Salomé Basurto Hoyuelos, Vanesa García-Díaz
BACKGROUND: The development of professional values in nursing is directly related to quality and ethical clinical practise and may also increase practitioner and patients' satisfaction. Some factors, such as work setting or work experience, can influence the importance granted to the professional values of nursing. OBJECTIVES: To compare in primary care nurses and hospital care nurses the importance granted to professional values and to contrast this perception as a function of professional experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393605/strategies-of-iranian-nurses-to-overcome-professional-discrimination-an-explorative-qualitative-study
#15
Masoumeh Shohani
BACKGROUND: Discrimination is a situation in which individuals receive unequal social benefits in return for equal roles they play. They react to such a situation in different ways. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at identifying the strategies used by Iranian nurses to overcome professional discrimination. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted with the participation of 23 nurses who worked in hospitals in the cities of Tehran, Tabriz, and Ilam...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367685/researching-people-who-are-bereaved
#16
Ashleigh E Butler, Beverley Copnell, Helen Hall
Conducting qualitative research, especially in areas considered 'sensitive', presents many challenges. The processes involved in such research often expose both participants and the research team to a vast array of risks, which may cause damage to their personal, professional, social and cultural worlds. Historically, these risks have been considered independent of each other, with most studies exploring only the risks to participants or only risks to researchers. Additionally, most researchers only consider risks during data collection, frequently overlooking risks that might be present during other phases of the research project...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343436/ethos
#17
Lillemor Östman, Yvonne Näsman, Katie Eriksson, Lisbet Nyström
BACKGROUND: Ethics in nursing care are traditionally discussed in terms of moral norms or principles. When taking an ontological approach to ethics, ethics is about ethos. Ethos involves both an internal and an external side of ethics. Considering ethics and health from an ontological perspective can provide a different understanding of ethics and health in caring and nursing. Aim and research question: The aim of this study is to deepen the ontological understanding of ethics and health in caring and nursing...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#18
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166689/legal-complaints-about-midwives-and-the-impact-on-the-profession
#19
Akram Peyman, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Bandboni, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Midwives play an important role in maintaining and increasing women's health and well-being. Training professional midwives is one of the main policies of any healthcare system. Since the number of complaints against midwives has increased recently, this study was conducted to explore the perspectives of midwives regarding patients' complaint to authorities and their impacts on the profession of midwifery. METHODS: Being conducted in 2013, this qualitative study was the first of its type in Iran...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134009/a-vision-of-ethics-in-efficient-occupational-healthcare
#20
Jessica Hemberg, Helena Nyman, Håkan Hemberg
BACKGROUND: Occupational healthcare is nowadays more and more regulated by economic demands of gain and efficiency. Aim and research questions: The aim of this study is to reach a new understanding of ethics in occupational healthcare by uncovering this from occupational healthcare nurses' own views. The research questions are as follows: (1) What is the core of an ethical value base in occupational healthcare? (2) What does it mean for occupational healthcare nurses to fulfill their ethical value base in occupational healthcare? Research design, participants, and research context: The study uses a hermeneutical approach...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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