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Ultrasonics Sonochemistry

Gregory Chatel
Based on the analyses of papers from the literature, and especially those published in Ultrasonics Sonochemistry journal, the contribution of sonochemistry to green chemistry area has been discussed here. Important reminders and insights on the good practices and considerations have been made to understand and demonstrate how sonochemistry can continue to efficiently contribute to green chemistry area in the further studies.
March 15, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Aymeric Nevers, Loïc Hallez, Francis Touyeras, Jean-Yves Hihn
An attractive possibility for influencing microstructures of electrodeposited coatings, and therefore their properties such as hardness, brightness etc. resides in the use of ultrasound. This method is particularly competitive as it may result in a reduction of chemical use, or even in the complete suppression of chemicals. This paper deals with silver coatings depending strongly on current density, with two main categories identified by X-ray diffraction: one poorly structured and the other following the [110] orientation...
February 27, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Gareth J Price, Mohsan Nawaz, Tariq Yasin, Saira Bibi
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been treated using 20kHz ultrasound in combination with dilute nitric and sulfuric acids at much lower concentrations than previously reported. The measurements revealed an optimum set of sonication conditions (in this case 30min at 12Wcm(-2)) exists to overcome aggregation of the nanotubes and to allow efficient dispersion in ethanol or in chitosan. Transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy suggested the removal of amorphous material and reduction of the CNT diameter as well as modifications to their defect structures...
February 21, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Asu Ziylan-Yavaş, Nilsun H Ince
The study is the assessment of commercial γ-Al2O3 and its sonolytically modified nanocomposite in catalytic ozonation of paracetamol (PCT), which is an emerging water contaminant and a highly reactive compound with ozone. The results showed that commercial alumina was ineffective regardless of the solution pH, due to the low affinity of the catalyst surface for PCT and the high reactivity of the solute with molecular ozone. The modified catalyst, which was synthesized by decoration of the original surface with nanoparticles of platinum provided considerable improvement in the performance of the catalyst, particularly in mineralization of the target compound...
February 16, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Rajashree H Jawale, Parag R Gogate
Pesticides have been the major contributors to the growth of agricultural productivity, but the wide spread use in the fields and discharge from the manufacturing industries have also contributed to environmental concerns. In the present work, degradation of triazophos (O,O-diethyl-O-(1-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl) phosphorothioate) as a model pollutant has been investigated using high volume continuous ultrasonic flow cell for the first time. Effect of power dissipation and initial pH on the extent of triazophos degradation using acoustic cavitation has been investigated initially...
February 15, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Florian Roy, Abdeslam Et Taouil, Fabrice Lallemand, Olivier Heintz, Virginie Moutarlier, Jean-Yves Hihn
Self-assembling of undecanthiol (C11SH) on polycrystalline gold was investigated under two different conditions. The kinetics of C11SH grafting was studied without and under high frequency ultrasound irradiation. Two electrochemical experiments were extensively carried out in order to determine electrochemical surface blocking of adsorbed layers as a function of grafting time: chronoamperometry in-situ monitoring and cyclic voltammetry. Interestingly, the grafting process is highly accelerated under sonication, and C11SH modified substrates of good quality are obtained after 3h' immersion under ultrasound irradiation...
February 11, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Farid Chemat, Muthupandian Ashokkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Rana Kıdak, Şifa Doğan
In this study, treatment of an antibiotic compound amoxicillin by medium-high frequency ultrasonic irradiation and/or ozonation has been studied. Ultrasonic irradiation process was carried out in a batch reactor for aqueous amoxicillin solutions at three different frequencies (575, 861 and 1141kHz). The applied ultrasonic power was 75W and the diffused power was calculated as 14.6W/L. The highest removal was achieved at 575kHz ultrasonic frequency (>99%) with the highest pseudo first order reaction rate constant 0...
January 28, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Sonam V Sancheti, Parag R Gogate
Palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction is a significant reaction for obtaining industrially important products. The current research work deals with intensification of reaction of 4-bromoanisole and phenylboronic acid catalyzed with 5wt% Pd/C (5% by weight Pd supported on C available as commercial catalyst) using ultrasound and more importantly, without use of any additional phase transfer catalyst. Heterogeneous catalyst has been selected in the present work so as to harness the benefits of easy separation and the possible limitations of heterogeneous operation are minimized by introducing ultrasonic irradiations...
January 27, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Asu Ziylan-Yavas, Nilsun H Ince
The study is about the assessment of single and multi-frequency operations for the overall degradation of a widely consumed analgesic pharmaceutical-ibuprofen (IBP). The selected frequencies were in the range of 20-1130kHz emissions coming from probes, baths and piezo-electric transducers attached to plate-type devices. Multi-frequency operations were applied either simultaneously as "duals", or sequentially at fixed time intervals; and the total reaction time in all operations was 30-min. The work also covers evaluation of the effect of zero-valent iron (ZVI) on the efficiency of the degradation process and the performance of the reaction systems...
January 26, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Preeti B Subhedar, Pearl Ray, Parag R Gogate
The present work deals with intensification of delignification and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis of sustainable biomass such as groundnut shells, coconut coir and pistachio shells using ultrasound assisted approach so as to develop an economical approach for obtaining bioethanol. Process intensification, in the current context, is referred to as any improvements giving enhanced rates possibly with lower energy and chemical as well as enzyme requirement for delignification and hydrolysis respectively. Conventional processing for both delignification and enzymatic hydrolysis has also been investigated for establishing the degree of intensification...
January 21, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
O A Higuera-Barraza, W Torres-Arreola, J M Ezquerra-Brauer, F J Cinco-Moroyoqui, J C Rodríguez Figueroa, E Marquez-Ríos
Food technologists are always looking to improve the functional properties of proteins. In this sense, in last years ultrasound has been used to improve some functional properties. For this reason, and considering that jumbo squid is an important fishery in northwest Mexico, the purpose of this research was to determine the effect of pulsed ultrasound on the physicochemical characteristics and emulsifying properties of squid (Dosidicus gigas) mantle proteins. Pulsed ultrasound (20kHz, 20, and 40% amplitude) was applied for 30, 60, and 90s to a protein extract prepared from giant squid mantle causing an increase (p<0...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Salomé M de la Parra-Arciniega, Nora A Garcia-Gomez, Lorena L Garza-Tovar, Domingo I García-Gutiérrez, Eduardo M Sánchez
In this work, an easy, fast and environmentally friendly method to obtain Bi2S3 nanostructures with sphere-like morphology is introduced. The promising material was successfully synthesized by a sonochemical route in 20% 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethyl sulfate [EMIM][EtSO4] ionic liquid solution (IL). Morphological studies by electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) show that the use of IL in the synthesis of Bi2S3 favors the formation of nanocrystals non-agglomerated. Micro Raman and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) were used to determine the composition and purity of the synthesized material...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Yuhao Zhang, Liang Ma, Luyun Cai, Yi Liu, Jianrong Li
The combined effect of ultrasonic and alkali pretreatment for the hydrolysis of native collagenous materials and release of ACE inhibitory peptides was investigated. The ultrasonic and alkali pretreatment of pig skin could accelerate the release of the ACE inhibitory peptides from the triple helix of collagen in early stages of hydrolysis. Furthermore, the pretreatment could also accelerate collapse of the triple helix and release more ACE inhibitory peptides during hydrolysis than collagen samples left untreated...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
T Joyce Tiong, Tissa Chandesa, Yeow Hong Yap
One common method to determine the existence of cavitational activity in power ultrasonics systems is by capturing images of sonoluminescence (SL) or sonochemiluminescence (SCL) in a dark environment. Conventionally, the light emitted from SL or SCL was detected based on the number of photons. Though this method is effective, it could not identify the sonochemical zones of an ultrasonic systems. SL/SCL images, on the other hand, enable identification of 'active' sonochemical zones. However, these images often provide just qualitative data as the harvesting of light intensity data from the images is tedious and require high resolution images...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Wei-Hao Liao, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chia-Wen Lo, Hui-Shan Yang, Ming-Kuan Sun, Feng-Huei Lin, Yung Chang, Wen-Shiang Chen
2-Methacryloyloxy ethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (TMA) is a potent polymeric plasma DNA (pDNA) carrier. The present study shows that TMA/pDNA polyplexes could be internalized into cells efficiently, but could not mediate gene transfection on its own. The transfection process of TMA/pDNA polyplexes is turned on only when ultrasound (US) was applied 4-8h after incubating TMA/pDNA polyplexes with target cells (with a gene expression 1000 times that of the immediate US group). US is a widely used physical method for gene delivery; its transfection efficiency can be significantly enhanced when combined with cationic polymer vectors...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
S Shabana, S H Sonawane, V Ranganathan, P H Pujjalwar, D V Pinjari, B A Bhanvase, P R Gogate, Muthupandian Ashokkumar
The present work reports on an efficient and simple one pot synthetic approach for aluminium nanoflakes and nanoparticles based on the intensification using ultrasound and provides a comparison with the conventional approach to establish the cutting edge process benefits. In situ passivation of aluminium particles with oleic acid was used as the method of synthesis in both the conventional and ultrasound assisted approaches. The aluminium nanoflakes prepared using the ultrasound assisted approach were subsequently dispersed in di-octyl adipate (DOA) and it was demonstrated that a stable dispersion of aluminium nanoflakes into di-octyl adipate (DOA) is achieved...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Linzheng Ye, Xijing Zhu
The bubble collapse near a wall will generate strong micro-jet in a liquid environment under ultrasonic field. To explore the effect of the impact of near-wall acoustic bubble collapse micro-jet on an aluminum 1060 sheet, the cavitation threshold formula and micro-jet velocity formula were first proposed. Then the Johnson-Cook rate correlation material constitutive model was considered, and a three-dimensional fluid-solid coupling model of micro-jet impact on a wall was established and analyzed. Finally, to validate the model, ultrasonic cavitation test and inversion analysis based on the theory of spherical indentation test were conducted...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhongyuan Zhang, Liying Niu, Dajing Li, Chunquan Liu, Rui Ma, Jiangfeng Song, Jiangtao Zhao
Effects of thermal and low intensity ultrasound combined with heat (LIUH) pretreatment prior to microwave vacuum drying on enzyme inactivation, color changes and nutrition quality properties of dried daylilies were investigated. The peroxidase (POD), ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) and polyphenoloxidase (PPO) thermal and LIUH (0.2 and 0.4W/cm(2)) inactivation were determined and compared at 70, 80 and 90°C. Significant reduction in the POD, AAO and PPO activity was seen in daylilies after an ambient LIUH pretreatment than thermal pretreatment...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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