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Ultrasonics Sonochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838219/physicochemical-characterization-of-black-seed-oil-milk-emulsions-through-ultrasonication
#1
S Anandan, M Keerthiga, S Vijaya, A M Asiri, V Bogush, O Krasulyaa
The ultrasonic formation of stable emulsions of a bioactive material, black seed oil, in skim milk was investigated. The incorporation of 7% of black seed oil in pasteurised homogenized skim milk (PHSM) using 20kHz high intensity ultrasound was successfully achieved. The effect of sonication time and acoustic power on the emulsion stability was studied. A minimum process time of 8min at an applied acoustic power of 100W was sufficient to produce emulsion droplets stable for at least 8days upon storage at 4±2°C, which was confirmed through creaming stability, particle size, rheology and color analysis...
November 4, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843059/ultrasonic-synthesis-of-two-new-zinc-ii-bipyridine-coordination-polymers-new-precursors-for-preparation-of-zinc-ii-oxide-nano-particles
#2
Mohammad Jaafar Soltanian Fard, Payam Hayati, Azita Firoozadeh, Jan Janczak
Nanoparticles of two zinc(II) coordination polymers (CPs), [Zn(μ-4,4'-bipy)Cl2]n (1) and [Zn(μ-4,4'-bipy)Br2]n (2) L=bpy=4,4'-bipyridine ligand, have been synthesized by use of a sonochemical process and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectroscopy and elemental analyses. The single crystal X-ray data of compounds 1 and 2 imply that the Zn(+2) ions are four coordinated. Topological analysis shows that 1D coordination networks of 1 and 2 can be classified as underlying nets of topological types 2C1...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840059/preparation-of-er-3-y3al5o12-wo3-knbo3-composite-and-application-in-treatment-of-methamphetamine-under-ultrasonic-irradiation
#3
Hongbo Zhang, Yingying Huang, Guanshu Li, Guowei Wang, Dawei Fang, Youtao Song, Jun Wang
Er(3+):Y3Al5O12/WO3-KNbO3 composite powder as an effective sonocatalyst was prepared via collosol-gelling-hydrothermal and high-temperature calcination methods. The textures of materials were observed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In order to estimate the sonocatalytic activity of Er(3+):Y3Al5O12/WO3-KNbO3 composite powder, the sonocatalytic degradation of methamphetamine (MAPA) was performed. Furthermore, the influences of mass ratio of WO3 and KNbO3, ultrasonic irradiation time, catalyst addition amount, initial methamphetamine (MAPA) concentration and used times on the sonocatalytic degradation of methamphetamine (MAPA) caused by Er(3+):Y3Al5O12/WO3-KNbO3 composite powder were investigated by using gas chromatography...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838222/a-swirling-jet-induced-cavitation-to-increase-activated-sludge-solubilisation-and-aerobic-sludge-biodegradability
#4
Giuseppe Mancuso, Michela Langone, Gianni Andreottola
In this work, a modified swirling jet induced hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) has been used for the pre-treatment of excess sludge. In order to both improve the HC treatment efficiencies and reduce the energy consumption, the effectiveness of the HC reactor on sludge disintegration and on aerobic biodegradability has been investigated at different operating conditions and parameters, such as temperature, inlet pressure, sludge total solid (TS) content and reactor geometry. The inlet pressure was related to the flow velocity and pressure drop...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838221/thermal-analyses-of-in-vitro-low-frequency-sonophoresis
#5
Han-Min Peng, Pan-Cheng Zhu, Zhi-Jun Chen
As a type of transdermal drug delivery method, low frequency sonophoresis (LFS) has been investigated during the last twenty years and is currently being attempted in a clinical setting. However, the safety of low frequency ultrasound on humans has not been completely guaranteed with high-intensity ultrasound. Thermal damage, one of the challenges in the LFS process, e.g., burns, epidermal detachment and necrosis of tissues, hinders its widespread applications. To predict and impede the overheating problems in LFS, an acoustic-flow-thermal finite element method (FEM) based on COMSOL Multiphysics software is proposed in this paper to achieve thermal analyses...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838220/enhancement-of-cavitation-erosion-resistance-of-316-l-stainless-steel-by-adding-molybdenum
#6
D G Li, D R Chen, P Liang
The influence of Mo on ultrasonic cavitation erosion of 316 L stainless steel in 3.5% NaCl solution were investigated using an ultrasonic cavitation erosion (CE) facility. The morphologies of specimen after cavitation erosion were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the addition of Mo can sharply decrease the mean depth of erosion (MDE) of 316 L SS, implying the increased resistance of cavitation erosion. In order to better understanding the influence of Mo on the cavitation erosion of 316 L SS, the semi-conductive property of passive films on 316 L SS containing different concentrations of Mo were studied by Mott-Schottky plot...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836383/sonochemical-green-synthesis-of-ag-graphene-nanocomposite
#7
Pınar Acar Bozkurt
Recently, the popularity for green chemistry and chemical process have increased. The approach must comprehensively be considered for these principles in the design of a synthesis method, chemical analysis, or chemical process. Utilization of nontoxic chemicals, environment friendly solvents, and renewable materials are some of the important issues in green synthesis methods. The importance of green synthesis arises in the production of Ag/graphene nanocomposites, due to their future potential applications in nanomedicine and materials engineering...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818004/combination-and-simultaneous-resonances-of-gas-bubbles-oscillating-in-liquids-under-dual-frequency-acoustic-excitation
#8
Yuning Zhang, Yuning Zhang, Shengcai Li
The multi-frequency acoustic excitation has been employed to enhance the effects of oscillating bubbles in sonochemistry for many years. In the present paper, nonlinear dynamic oscillations of bubble under dual-frequency acoustic excitation are numerically investigated within a broad range of parameters. By investigating the power spectra and the response curves of oscillating bubbles, two unique features of bubble oscillations under dual-frequency excitation (termed as "combination resonance" and "simultaneous resonance") are revealed and discussed...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816441/kinetics-of-inactivation-and-photoreactivation-of-escherichia-coli-using-ultrasound-enhanced-uv-c-light-emitting-diodes-disinfection
#9
Xiaoqin Zhou, Zifu Li, Juanru Lan, Yichang Yan, Nan Zhu
Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is highly recommended owing to its high disinfection efficiency and disinfection by-products free, and UV Light-Emitting Diodes (UV LEDs) is increasingly becoming an alternative of mercury UV lamps for water disinfection owing to its long lifetime, low input power, and absence of problems on disposal. However, renovation of existing UV lamps faces the challenges for UV disinfection associated with disinfection efficiency and photoreactivation, and modified UV disinfection process is required for practical application...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816440/surface-tension-and-quasi-emulsion-of-cavitation-bubble-cloud
#10
Lixin Bai, Xiaoguang Chen, Gang Zhu, Weilin Xu, Weijun Lin, Pengfei Wu, Chao Li, Delong Xu, Jiuchun Yan
A quasi-emulsion phenomenon of cavitation structure in a thin liquid layer (the thin liquid layer is trapped between a radiating surface and a hard reflector) is investigated experimentally with high-speed photography. The transformation from cloud-in-water (c/w) emulsion to water-in-cloud (w/c) emulsion is related to the increase of cavitation bubble cloud. The acoustic field in the thin liquid layer is analyzed. It is found that the liquid region has higher acoustic pressure than the cloud region. The bubbles are pushed from liquid region to cloud region by the primary Bjerknes forces...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816439/synergistic-effect-of-ultrasonication-and-phase-transfer-catalysts-in-radical-polymerization-of-methyl-methacrylate-a-kinetic-study
#11
J Prabha, W Susan Jemima, M Jayaprada, M J Umapathy
Methyl methacrylate (MMA) has been polymerized to poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) by employing three different phase transfer catalysts (PTC) such as 1,4-bis(dimethylhexyl)ethylenediammoniumbromide (DMHEDAB), 1,4bis(dimethylheptyl)ethylenediammoniumbromide (DMH1EDAB) and 1,4-bis(dimethyloctyl)ethylenediammonium bromide (DMOEDAB) under the influence of ultrasound radiation. The radical polymerization was performed under unstirred condition at a temperature of 60±1°C in an oxygen free atmosphere employing water soluble K2S2O8 as initiator...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810164/intensification-of-abamectin-pesticide-degradation-using-the-combination-of-ultrasonic-cavitation-and-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-process-synergistic-effect-and-optimization-study
#12
Soleiman Mosleh, Mahmood Reza Rahimi
Degradation of abamectin pesticide was carried out using visible light driven Cu2(OH)PO4-HKUST-1 MOF photocatalyst through the sonophotocatalytic technique. Cu2(OH)PO4-HKUST-1 MOF as a visible-light driven photocatalyst, was synthesized and characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS and DRS. The direct bang gaps of HKUST-1 MOF and Cu2(OH)PO4-HKUST-1 MOF were estimated about 2.63 and 2.59eV, respectively, which reveals that these photocatalysts can be activated under blue light illumination. All sonophotodegradation experiments were performed using a continuous flow-loop reactor...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789178/acoustic-and-sonochemical-methods-for-altering-the-viscosity-of-oil-during-recovery-and-pipeline-transportation
#13
Vladimir O Abramov, Anna V Abramova, Vadim M Bayazitov, Marat S Mullakaev, Alexandr V Marnosov, Alexandr V Ildiyakov
Reduction of oil viscosity is of great importance for the petroleum industry since it contributes a lot to the facilitation of pipeline transportation of oil. This study analyzes the capability of acoustic waves to decrease the viscosity of oil during its commercial production. Three types of equipment were tested: an ultrasonic emitter that is located directly in the well and affects oil during its production and two types of acoustic machines to be located at the wellhead and perform acoustic treatment after oil extraction: a setup for ultrasonic hydrodynamic treatment and a flow-through ultrasonic reactor...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773771/ultrasonic-assisted-kabachnik-fields-reaction-for-rapid-fabrication-of-aie-active-fluorescent-organic-nanoparticles
#14
Zi Long, Meiying Liu, Ruming Jiang, Guangjiang Zeng, Qing Wan, Hongye Huang, Fengjie Deng, Yiqun Wan, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FNPs) have been extensively explored for fluorescence "turn-on" bio-imaging applications with the unique advantages over conventional FNPs. Transformation of AIE-active molecules into FNPs can greatly expand their biomedical application potential. Here we reported a novel "one-pot" strategy for fabricating AIE-active FNPs through an ultrasonic-assisted, catalysts-free and solvent-free Kabachnik-Fields (KF) reaction for the first time...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773770/sonochemical-synthesis-of-porous-nitio3-nanorods-for-photocatalytic-degradation-of-ceftiofur-sodium
#15
N Pugazhenthiran, K Kaviyarasan, T Sivasankar, A Emeline, D Bahnemann, R V Mangalaraja, S Anandan
Porous NiTiO3 nanorods were synthesized through the sonochemical route followed by calcination at various temperature conditions. Surface morphology of the samples was tuned by varying the heat treatment temperature from 100 to 600°C. The synthesized NiTiO3 nanorods were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, diffused reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. The characterization studies revealed that the NiTiO3 nanomaterial was tuned to porous and perfectly rod shaped structure during the heat treatment at 600°C...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771270/use-of-the-ultrasonic-cavitation-in-wool-dyeing-process-effect-of-the-dye-bath-temperature
#16
G Actis Grande, M Giansetti, A Pezzin, G Rovero, S Sicardi
The present work aims to study the effect of the liquid temperature on the performance of ultrasounds (US) in a dyeing process. The approach was both theoretical and experimental. In the theoretical part the simplified model of a single bubble implosion is used to demonstrate that the "maximum implosion pressure" calculated with the well known Rayleigh-Plesset equation for a single bubble can be correlated with the cavitation intensity experimentally measured with an Ultrasonic Energy Meter (by PPB Megasonics)...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771269/a-survey-on-the-effects-of-ultrasonic-irradiation-reaction-time-and-concentration-of-initial-reagents-on-formation-of-kinetically-or-thermodynamically-stable-copper-i-metal-organic-nanomaterials
#17
Elham Mirzadeh, Kamran Akhbari, Anukorn Phuruangrat, Ferdinando Costantino
In order to evaluation the effects of ultrasonic irradiations, concentration of initial reagents and reaction time on formation [Cu4(MBT)4] or [Cu6(MBT)6] copper(I) metal-organic nanomaterials, [HMBT=2-Mercaptobenzothiazole], we designed some experiments and synthesized six samples under different conditions. These nanostructures were characterized by IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). It seems that the tetranuclear cluster of [Cu4(MBT)4] (2) is the kinetically stable product which is formed at the initial time of the reaction and as the time went, it converts to thermodynamically stable product of [Cu6(MBT)6] (1) with hexanuclear cluster unit...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771268/perturbation-of-a-radially-oscillating-single-bubble-by-a-micron-sized-object
#18
W Montes-Quiroz, F Baillon, O Louisnard, B Boyer, F Espitalier
A single bubble oscillating in a levitation cell is acoustically monitored by a piezo-ceramics microphone glued on the cell external wall. The correlation of the filtered signal recorded over distant cycles on one hand, and its harmonic content on the other hand, are shown to carry rich information on the bubble stability and existence. For example, the harmonic content of the signal is shown to increase drastically once air is fully dissociated in the bubble, and the resulting pure argon bubble enters into the upper branch of the sonoluminescence regime...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771267/sonochemical-zinc-oxide-and-layered-hydroxy-zinc-acetate-synthesis-in-fenton-like-reactions
#19
Durata Haciu, Özgür Birer
Zinc acetate solution is sonicated at high power in water and in ethanol in the absence and presence of various peroxides. In the absence of peroxides, the products are zinc oxide and layered hydroxy zinc acetate in water and in ethanol, respectively. Layered basic zinc acetate are prepared for the first time using sonochemical methods. The addition of peroxides alters the reaction mechanisms. In water, insoluble peroxides produce zinc oxides while the water soluble peroxide, i.e. hydrogen peroxide, completely destroyed the structure and casted a doubt on the accepted peroxide initiated mechanism of reactions...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771266/recent-developments-on-ultrasound-assisted-catalyst-free-organic-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Bubun Banerjee
Mother Nature needs to be protected from ever increasing chemical pollutions associated with synthetic organic processes. The fundamental challenge for today's methodologists is to make their protocols more environmentally benign and sustainable by avoiding the extensive use of hazardous reagents and solvents, harsh reaction conditions, and toxic metal catalysts. However, the people of the twenty-first century are well aware about the side effects of those hazardous substances used and generated by the chemical processes...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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