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Ultrasonics Sonochemistry

Kamran Dastafkan, Armin Kiani, Ali Obeydavi, Mohammad Rahimi
An advanced sol-gel method is developed via combined ultrasound-microwave irradiation and utilized for the crystallization of pristine and samarium doped zinc oxide nanorods. Organic structure directing agents directed one dimensional growth and air-annealing was applied as post-thermal treatment. Microstructural, optical, and solid state survey was pursued by PXRD, FESEM, TEM, EDS, FTIR, DRS, PL, micro-Raman, H2-TPR, and ESR techniques. Phase analysis by diffraction patterns confirmed the efficacy of irradiation strategy as it improves the crystallinity degree, expedites the hexagonal close pack morphology, and conducts lattice imperfection...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
A S Stanislavov, L F Sukhodub, L B Sukhodub, V N Kuznetsov, K L Bychkov, M I Kravchenko
The samples of hydroxyapatite and carbonate substituted hydroxyapatite (CHA) were obtained under the influence of physical factors, namely ultrasound (US) and microwave (MW) radiations. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis have proved the formation of the calcium deficient hydroxyapatite and B-type CHA with the Ca/P ratio in the ranges 1.62-1.87. In vitro studies have showed the increased bioactivity of the samples, synthesized under the influence of physical factors as compared to the standard ones...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Wenfei Cai, Ting Hu, Amr M Bakry, Zhaomin Zheng, Yidong Xiao, Qilin Huang
The differences between ultrasonic and non-ultrasonic approaches in synthesizing Lignosus rhinocerotis polysaccharide-selenium nanoparticles (LRP-SeNPs) were compared in terms of size, morphology, stability and antioxidant activity by UV-VIS, FT-IR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) with high resolution TEM. Results indicated that the SeNPs were associated with the LRP macromolecules in a physical adsorption pattern without breaking chemical bonds, and the ultrasonic treatment reduced the size of SeNPs, narrowed the size distribution as well as improved the stability...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Jianyu Li, Shulin Lü, Shusen Wu, Qi Gao
Ultrasonic vibration (UV) treatment has been successfully applied to improve the particles distribution of nano-sized SiC particles (SiCp) reinforced Al-5Cu alloy matrix composites which were prepared by combined processes of dry high energy ball milling and squeeze casting. When UV treatment is applied, the distribution of nano-sized SiCp has been greatly improved. After UV for 1 min, large particles aggregates are broken up into small aggregates due to effects of cavitation and the acoustic streaming. After UV for 5 min, all the particles aggregates are dispersed and the particles are uniformly distributed in the composites...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Nishant S More, Parag R Gogate
The present work deals with ultrasound assisted enzymatic degumming (UAED) of crude soybean oil quantifying the extent of degumming (EOD), cavitational yield and synergistic index (f) for the combination approaches. The effect of different operating parameters such as enzyme loading, pH, presence of water, temperature and ultrasonic power on the EOD has been investigated. Ultrasound combined with enzyme at loading of 2.0 ml/L resulted in EOD as 92.2% under ambient conditions. Addition of water (5%) in combination with ultrasound and enzyme at 2...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Yuliana Monroy, Sandra Rivero, María A García
This work was focused on the correlation between the structural and techno-functional properties of ultrasound treated cassava starch for the preparation of tailor-made starch-based ingredients and derivatives. Furthermore, the effect of treatment time, sample conditioning and ultrasound amplitude was studied. Ultrasonic treatment of cassava starch induced structural disorganization and microstructural changes evidenced mainly in the morphological characteristics of the granules and in their degrees of crystallinity...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zongbo Zhang, Tiantian Gao, Xiaoyang Liu, Dawei Li, Jiawei Zhao, Yuqi Lei, Yankui Wang
Acoustic field intensity and distribution are the most important factors for the efficiency of ultrasonic processing. Recent simulation studies suggested that sound direction could influence both acoustic field intensity and distribution, but this influence has scarcely been investigated experimentally so far. In this work, we systematically studied the influence of sound directions on the acoustic field with up to five directions via both simulation and experiment. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) harmonic response simulation and aluminum foil erosion experiment were employed to study the acoustic field under different directional combinations of ultrasonic sources...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Sonia Bahrani, Zahra Razmi, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Arash Asfaram, Hamedreza Javadian
In this research, gold nanoparticles modified choline chloride functionalized graphene oxide (AuNPs-ChCl-GO) was synthesized through the assistance of ultrasound and fabricated as a novel bioelectrochemical sensor and utilized for the sensitive detection of meloxicam (MEL). The morphological and structural features of the AuNPs-ChCl-GO were characterized using different techniques including FTIR, TEM, FE-SEM, EDX, and XRD. The modified electrode showed a remarkable improvement in the anodic oxidation activity of MEL due to the enhancement in the current response compared to the bare carbon paste electrode (CPE)...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Pelin Altay, Gülay Ӧzcan, Meltem Tekçin, Gizem Şahin, Semiha Çelik
Nonwoven spunbonded polyester has wide applications for both household goods and home furnishings and their usage has continually been growing. Nowadays, coloration of nonwoven fabrics is performed using conventional methods. Conventional polyester dyeing is an energy-intensive process as the dyeing is carried out above 120 °C to obtain efficient diffusion of dye. Furthermore, these high temperatures may cause some harmful effects on delicate nonwoven structures. Ultrasound assisted textile dyeing is an alternative method of conventional dyeing of textile materials, providing energy saving by reduced process temperature and time, lower consumptions of auxiliaries with increased dyeing efficiency...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Mohammad Safarpoor, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Arash Asfaram, Masoumeh Yousefi-Nejad, Hamedreza Javadian, Hossein Zare Khafri, Marzieh Bagherinasab
The present study is devoted to prepare a new antibacterial and antifungal agent based on in situ-synthesized silver nanoparticles at room temperature using Rosmarinus officinalis (R. officinalis) leaf extract. The Ag-NPs characterization by UV-visible, SEM, TEM and XRD revealed that the particles sizes were in the range of 10-33 nm. In this study, hydroalcoholic extracts were used with ultrasonic method. Ultrasonication has recently received attention as a novel bioprocessing tool for process intensification in many areas of downstream processing...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Xiao-Yu Yang, Hong Wei, Ke-Bin Li, Qiang He, Jian-Cang Xie, Jia-Tong Zhang
This study investigated sulfamethazine (SMT) ultrasound degradation, enhanced by iodine radicals, generated by potassium iodide (KI) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in situ. The results showed that the ultrasound/H2O2/KI (US/H2O2/KI) combination treatment achieved an 85.10 ± 0.45% SMT removal (%) in 60 min under the following conditions: pH = 3.2, ultrasound power of 195 W, initial SMT concentration of 0.04 mmol·L-1, H2O2 concentration of 120 mmol·L-1, and KI concentration of 2.4 mmol·L-1...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhenjun Wang, Jiehao Huang
The phenomenon of water sensitivity often occurs in the oil reservoir core during the process of crude oil production, which seriously affects the efficiency of oil extraction. In recent years, near-well ultrasonic processing technology attaches more attention due to its safety and energy efficient. In this paper, the comparison of removing core water sensitivity by ultrasonic wave, chemical injection and ultrasound-chemical combination technique are investigated through experiments. Results show that: lower ultrasonic frequency and higher power can improve the efficiency of core water sensitivity removal; the effects of removing core water sensitivity under ultrasonic treatment get better with increase of core initial permeability; the effect of removing core water sensitivity using ultrasonic treatment won't get better over time...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Baishnisha Amanulla, Hema Kalyani Rama Subbu, Sayee Kannan Ramaraj
This paper describes a simple, selective and sensitive colorimetric sensing of Cr6+ ions using β-Cyclodextrin (β-CD) functionalized gold-iron nanoparticles (β-CD/Au-FeNPs). The sonochemically synthesized nanoparticles are winered in colour due to the SPR band of β-CD functionalized bimetalic nanoparticles Au-FeNPs. The capping and stabilizing of Au-FeNPs by redox β-CD is confirmed by FT-IR. The particles are spherical in shape and it posses the effective diameter of 18-20 nm. Under optimized conditions, in the presence of Cr6+ the wine red Au-FeNPs solution was turned to colourless, accompanying the broadening and red shifting of SPR band...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Md Rokon Ud Dowla Biswas, Asghar Ali, Kwang Youn Cho, Won-Chun Oh
In the present work, we report the development of a WSe2-Graphene-TiO2 ternary nanocomposite via ultrasonic techniques and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy. The band-gap of the WSe2-Graphene-TiO2 was estimated to be about 1.62 eV which is suitable for photodegradation process under under ultraviolet UV/Visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic potential of nanocomposites is investigated for CO2 reduction to CH3OH...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Tianxiang Nan, Jianguang Yang, Bing Chen
Tin was electrodeposited from chloride solutions using a membrane cell under ultrasonic waves. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), chronoamperometry (CHR), and chronopotentiometry were applied to investigate the electrochemical mechanism of tin electrodeposition under ultrasonic field. Chronoamperometry curves showed that the initial process of tin electrodeposition followed the diffusion controlled three-dimensional nucleation and grain growth mechanism. The analysis of the cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry diagrams showed that the application of ultrasound can change the tin membrane electro-deposition reaction from diffusion to electrochemical control, and the optimum parameters for tin electrodeposition were H+ concentration 3...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Seyed Alireza Shahamirifard, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Morteza Montazerozohori
A new selective and sensitive optical sensor based on the incorporation of new synthesized N'-(2-hydroxy-5-iodobenzylidene) isonicotinohydrazide (HIBIN) as an effective reagent into the nanoporous of a transparent glass like material through the sol-gel process was developed which was suitable for the determination of copper (II) ions in aqueous solutions. The thin film sensors were constructed by spin-coating of prepared sol onto glass plate and their surface morphology were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) technique...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Yanira I Sánchez-García, Karen S García-Vega, Martha Y Leal-Ramos, Ivan Salmeron, Néstor Gutiérrez-Méndez
The conventional process of lactose crystallization is prolonged, hardly controllable and the crystals have low quality. In this work, the effect of ultrasound on the crystallization of lactose in an aqueous system was assessed. Additionally, it was studied how the presence of whey proteins (which are a common impurity) and κ-carrageenan (that possess high water-binding capacity) could modify the process of lactose crystallization. Lactose solutions at 25% were sonicated in a continuous flow chamber at two different energy densities (9 and 50 J mL-1) before the start of crystallization...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Qingzhi Ding, Ting Zhang, Shuai Niu, Feifan Cao, Ricardo Antonio Wu-Chen, Lin Luo, Haile Ma
The effects of ultrasound pretreatment with different working modes, including mono frequency ultrasound (MFU), simultaneous dual frequency ultrasound (SDFU) and alternate dual frequency ultrasound (ADFU) using energy-gather counter flow ultrasound equipment, on the degree of hydrolysis (DH) of grape seed protein (GSP) hydrolysate and IC50 of GSP digestion products were studied. Amino acid composition analysis (AACA), ultraviolet-visible (UV) spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) of GSP with different ultrasound pretreatments were measured...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Corentin Cornu, Matthieu Guédra, Jean-Christophe Béra, Hao-Li Liu, Wen-Shiang Chen, Claude Inserra
In the aim of limiting the destructive effects of collapsing bubbles, the regime of stable cavitation activity is currently targeted for sensitive therapeutic applications such as blood-brain barrier opening by ultrasound. This activity is quantified through the emergence of the subharmonic component of the fundamental frequency. Due to the intrinsically stochastic behavior of the cavitation phenomenon, a better control of the different (stable or inertial) cavitation regimes is a key requirement in the understanding of the mechanisms involving each bubble-induced mechanical effect...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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