journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054330/tongue-strength-in-patients-with-subacute-myelo-optico-neuropathy
#1
Satoshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Nakama, Mitsuharu Ueda, Shoji Honda, En Kimura, Masaaki Konagaya, Yukio Ando
Subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) is a neurodegenerative disease that may be caused by overdose or prolonged oral administration of clioquinol. Recently, dysphagia has attracted attention as a complication of SMON. To investigate lingual control in SMON, we examined patients with SMON using assessments of maximum tongue pressure, compared with dysphagia-related diseases, such as sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and healthy volunteer. The mean maximum tongue pressure (Pmax) in patients with SMON was 14...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054329/the-optimal-stimulation-site-for-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-double-blind-crossover-pilot-study
#2
Masaru Yokoe, Tomoo Mano, Tomoyuki Maruo, Koichi Hosomi, Toshio Shimokawa, Haruhiko Kishima, Satoru Oshino, Shayne Morris, Yu Kageyama, Yuko Goto, Takeshi Shimizu, Hideki Mochizuki, Toshiki Yoshimine, Youichi Saitoh
Many reports have shown improvements in motor symptoms after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). However, the best stimulation area in the brain has not currently been determined. We assessed the effects of high-frequency rTMS (HF-rTMS) on the motor and mood disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and attempted to determine whether the primary motor area (M1), the supplementary motor area (SMA), and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) were the best treatment targets. In this randomized, double-blind crossover design study, we investigated the efficacy of 3 consecutive days of HF-rTMS over the M1, SMA, and DLPFC and compared these HF-rTMS to sham stimulations...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054328/ependymomas-arising-outside-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#3
Shlomit Yust Katz, David Cachia, Carlos Kamiya Matsuok, Adriana Olar, Brett Theeler, Marta Penas Prado, Mark R Gilbert, Terri Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Extracranial and extraspinal ependymomas are extremely rare tumors mostly published in the literature as case reports. METHODS: MD Anderson Cancer Center institutional database was screened for patients with extra CNS ependymomas over a 25 year period. RESULTS: Eight patients with extra CNS ependymoma were identified. Five cases originated in the sacrum or subcutaneous sacral area, and the other 3 cases originating in the breast, lung and adnexa of the uterus...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050897/a-retrospective-study-of-bevacizumab-for-treatment-of-brainstem-glioma-with-malignant-features
#4
Shigeta Moriya, Shigeo Ohba, Kazuhide Adachi, Yuya Nishiyama, Takuro Hayashi, Shinya Nagahisa, Takafumi Kaito, Shunsuke Nakae, Yuichi Hirose
Brainstem glioma is impossible to resect completely, and patients with this type of glioma show a poor prognosis. Therefore, a more effective adjuvant therapy is required to prolong survival. Bevacizumab is an endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody with strong anti-vascular effects, which may suppress tumor progression. We performed a retrospective study of data from 6 patients with brainstem glioma showing malignant features who were treated with bevacizumab. Tumor-associated lesions, as evaluated by T2 weighted or fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery magnetic resonance imaging, were reduced in all patients, although the timing of the start of bevacizumab administration and pretreatment were not uniform...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050896/intraoperative-pedicle-screw-navigation-does-not-significantly-affect-complication-rates-after-spine-surgery
#5
Scott C Wagner, Patrick B Morrissey, Ian D Kaye, Arjun Sebastian, Joseph S Butler, Christopher K Kepler
Various forms of intraoperative computer-assisted navigation technologies exist, and have consistently been shown to improve pedicle screw accuracy. However, the overall clinical effects of inaccurate pedicle screw placement have been debated. We examined the clinical effects of improved pedicle screw accuracy with computer navigation technology in reducing complication rates in patients undergoing multi-level spinal fusion. We retrospectively reviewed the ACS-NSQIP registry utilizing Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes 22843 + 22844 to identify patients undergoing spinal instrumentation of greater than 7 levels, as well as the CPT code 61783 to denote the use of intraoperative computer-assisted navigation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050895/minimal-invasive-lumbar-spine-revision-surgery-at-distance-from-the-dura-and-postsurgical-scar-tissue-extraforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-elif
#6
Arthur R Kurzbuch, Didier Recoules-Arche
Lumbar spine revision surgery is considered as challenging and related to longer operation time and complications because of the loss of anatomical landmarks and the formation of postoperative epidural fibrosis. Minimal invasive lumbar spinal surgery techniques have been refined over the last 5 years but the reexposure of the dura, the formation of postsurgical scar tissue and related dural tears remain a source of complications. For lumbar spinal revision surgery we advocate the minimal invasive Extraforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ELIF) technique...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050894/long-term-effect-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-disability-in-patients-with-stroke
#7
Kyung Eun Nam, Leechan Jo, So Yeon Jun, Won Jin Sung, Joon Sung Kim, Bo Young Hong, Bomi Sul, Seong Hoon Lim
High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is widely used to improve motor function in stroke patients. However, the long-term effects of rTMS on disability and motor function are not clear. We investigated the effects of high-frequency rTMS administered within 1 month of stroke on disability and motor function 6 months after stroke onset. The study was conducted by an open-label longitudinal study, and were included 76 (38 rTMS and 38 control) subacute stroke patients. The rTMS group received 10 Hz stimulation over the primary motor cortex of the affected hemisphere for 10 days with a daily dose of 1000 pulses...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050893/recurrence-of-chest-wall-hydatid-cyst-disease-involving-the-thoracic-spine-in-an-australian-patient
#8
LETTER
Mehmet Turgut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050892/traumatic-vertebral-artery-dissection-in-high-school-rugby-players-a-report-of-two-cases
#9
Satoshi Suzuki, Ryosuke Tsuchimochi, Gorou Abe, Iwae Yu, Takuya Inoue, Hideaki Ishibashi
Traumatic vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been reported in various types of sports and recreation. However, there have been no reports of VAD in rugby players, except for those with cervical spine injuries. We experienced two cases of VAD without cervical spine injuries in high school rugby players. Attention should be paid to protect youth rugby players from VAD.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050891/is-stand-alone-peek-cage-the-gold-standard-in-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-acdf-results-of-a-minimum-1-year-follow-up
#10
You-Sub Kim, Jae-Young Park, Bong Ju Moon, Sang-Deok Kim, Jung-Kil Lee
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of stand-alone synthetic polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages for two- or three-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), with a focus on subsidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 68 patients who underwent two- or three-level ACDF with a stand-alone PEEK cage between April 2005 and August 2016. Radiologic parameters were assessed on lateral radiographs, and fusion was assessed on computed tomography scans...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050890/a-case-of-conus-medullaris-teratoma
#11
Ernest Lekgabe, Te Whiti Rogers, John Laidlaw, Elaine Lui, Frank Gaillard
In this report, we present a case of an adult patient with a mature teratoma of the conus medullaris. The patient was a 29-year-old postpartum female patient who developed unexplained urinary retention. Lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination revealed an intradural partly enhancing mixed cystic and solid lesion with intralesional intrinsic T1 hyperintense components that were suppressed on fat suppressed sequences, inseparable from the conus medullaris. Surgical resection was performed and histopathology findings were consistent with a mature teratoma...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042148/histopathology-of-3%C3%A2-tesla-mri-negative-temporal-lobe-epilepsies
#12
Evangelos Kogias, Dirk-Matthias Altenmüller, Jan-Helge Klingler, Barbara Schmeiser, Horst Urbach, Soroush Doostkam
INTRODUCTION: Histopathology of MRI-negative temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) shows heterogeneous findings. The use of either 1.5 or 3 Tesla MRI for the selection of MRI-negative cases and use of older classification systems instead of the current ILAE classification system may account for this heterogeneity. We focus on histopathology of 3 Tesla MRI-negative TLE according to ILAE criteria and investigate potential correlation to seizure outcome 1 year postoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty specimens (9 neocortical, 11 hippocampal) from eleven 3 Tesla MRI-negative patients with TLE were examined in two steps...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042147/how-immunotherapies-are-targeting-the-glioblastoma-immune-environment
#13
REVIEW
Jonathan Felthun, Rajesh Reddy, Kerrie Leanne McDonald
The diagnosis of glioblastoma remains one of the most dismal in medical practice, with current standard care only providing a median survival of 14.6 months. The need for new therapies is desperately clear. Components of the tumour microenvironment are demonstrating growing importance in the field, given they allow the tumour to utilise pathways involved in autoimmune prevention, something that enables the tumour's establishment and growth. As with many different cancers, the search for a new standard has progressed to the design of immunotherapies, which aim to counteract the immune changes within this microenvironment...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037937/treatment-advances-in-parkinson-disease-same-script-different-cast
#14
LETTER
Nirosen Vijiaratnam, Andrew H Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037936/super-refractory-nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus-due-to-self-poisoning-with-metaldehyde
#15
José L Fernández-Torre, Alicia Paramio-Paz, Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Borregán, Pedro Orizaola, Pilar Bosque-Varela, Miguel A Hernández-Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Metaldehyde self-poisoning in adults is uncommon and, to the best of our knowledge, an episode of super-refractory nonconvulsive status epilepticus (sr-NCSE) following an suicide attempt has not been previously demonstrated. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in coma. On neurologic examination, the pupils were reactive, brainstem reflexes were present and plantar responses were flexor bilaterally. Routine laboratory tests were unremarkable...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037935/the-pathogenesis-of-delayed-epidural-hematoma-after-posterior-fossa-surgery
#16
Seunghoon Lee, Sang-Ku Park, Byung-Euk Joo, Jeong-A Lee, Doo-Sik Kong, Kwan Park
The purpose of this study was to analyze the pathogenesis of delayed epidural hematoma (EDH) after posterior fossa surgery. Non-traumatic, non-arterial origin delayed EDH after posterior fossa surgery is extremely rare. Moreover, the pathogenesis of its supratentorial extension is obscure. Between April 1997 and June 2016, over 3300 patients underwent microvascular decompression (MVD) for neurovascular compression syndrome. The medical chart of four patients with delayed EDH were retrospectively reviewed. The median time from MVD to re-CT scan was 58 h (range, 33-100)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037934/the-primary-diagnosis-and-the-coexisting-anxiety-disorders-have-no-impact-on-the-additional-surgical-procedure-after-spinal-cord-stimulators-implantation-an-analysis-of-11-029-patients
#17
Koji Tamai, Zorica Buser, Christopher Wang, Permsak Paholpak, Hiroaki Nakamura, Jeffrey C Wang, Patrick C Hsieh
Studies have demonstrated superior outcomes and cost effectiveness of the spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for the treatment of chronic pain syndromes such as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). However, little is known about the impact of primary diagnosis or mental disorders on the revision rate. This is the Retrospective cohort study to analyze the reintervention rates based on the primary diagnosis or comorbid mental disorder. Data of the annual trends of SCS use, revision and removal rate of SCS and additional surgical rate after removal was collected and analyzed for patients undergoing SCS between 2007 and 2015, within a private insurance billing database...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031543/down-regulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-rii-expression-is-correlated-with-tumor-growth-and-invasion-in-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#18
Ying-Hao Gu, Yu-Gong Feng
The two types of TGF-β receptors play a crucial role in TGF-β signaling. It has been reported that TGF-β signaling activity may be associated with the development and invasion of NFPAs. However, the role of TGF-β receptor signaling in NFPAs has not been fully explored. In this study, the expression of TGF-β RI and TGF-β RII in normal anterior pituitaries, invasive NFPAs and non-invasive NFPAs was analyzed by qRT-PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. We found that TGF-β RII protein and mRNA levels gradually decreased from normal anterior pituitaries, noninvasive NFPAs to invasive NFPAs...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031542/complications-and-30-day-readmission-rates-after-craniotomy-craniectomy-a-single-institutional-study-of-243-consecutive-patients
#19
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Owoicho Adogwa, Michael Ongele, Oren N Gottfried
Early hospital readmission has become a proxy for quality of care and contributes significantly to high health care costs in the United States, with more than $20 billion health care dollars are spent on 30-day readmission annually. Cranial neurosurgical procedures (i.e., craniotomy, craniectomy) are associated with high readmission rates; however, studies examining readmission after cranial procedures are limited and relatively unknown. The aim of this study is to identify the drivers of 30-day unplanned readmission in consecutive patients undergoing craniotomies and craniectomies...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032862/endovascular-treatment-of-acute-tandem-occlusion-strokes-and-stenting-first-experience
#20
Süha Akpınar, Pınar Gelener
This study demonstrates the radiologic and clinical findings, etiologies and intervention strategy in 8 acute ischemic stroke patients with tandem occlusions. The mean age was 57 and mean NIHSS score was 19. Stent-assisted thrombectomy (SAT) was performed on all of the patients. Additionally, 6 patients underwent carotid artery stenting before SAT. Recanalization with TICI≥2b was attained in 7/8 patients. The 90thday median mRS was 2 and mortality was 1/8. The etiologies of the tandem occlusions were either extracranial high grade ICA stenosis/occlusion or cervical ICA dissection...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
journal
journal
31975
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"