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Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224712/superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-diagnosis-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Christine Mau, Naveed Kamal, Saiaditya Badeti, Renuka Reddy, Yu-Lan Mary Ying, Robert W Jyung, James K Liu
The authors provide an update on the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and various approaches to the treatment of superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). SSCD is a rare condition where the bone overlying the superior semicircular canal thins or dehisces causing characteristic clinical findings. Since this was first reported in 1998 by Minor and colleagues, there has been much advancement made in terms of diagnosis and treatment. Signs and symptoms include a wide variation of both vestibular and auditory manifestations...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217430/letter-re-diagnosis-of-ventriculostomy-related-infection-is-cerebrospinal-fluid-lactate-measurement-a-useful-tool
#2
LETTER
Katharina M Busl, Thomas P Bleck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208476/what-does-best-evidence-tell-us-about-robotic-gait-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Maria Federica Bruni, Corrado Melegari, Maria Cristina De Cola, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Studies about electromechanical-assisted devices proved the validity and effectiveness of these tools in gait rehabilitation, especially if used in association with conventional physiotherapy in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different robotic devices in improving post-stroke gait abnormalities. METHODS: A computerized literature research of articles was conducted in the databases MEDLINE, PEDro, COCHRANE, besides a search for the same items in the Library System of the University of Parma (Italy)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208475/cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-fixation-in-lumbar-adjacent-segment-disease-a-technique-note-with-case-series
#4
Chao-Hsuan Chen, Hsieng-Ming Huang, Der-Cherng Chen, Chih-Ying Wu, Han-Chun Lee, Der-Yang Cho
Lumbar adjacent segment disease after lumbar fusion surgery often requires surgical intervention. However, subsequent surgical treatment often needs to expose and remove all of the previous instruments. This additional surgery leads to significant post-operative pain, muscular fibrosis, poor wound healing and infection, etc. From October 2015 to March 2016, we collected six cases underwent cortical bone trajectory screws fixation with minimal invasive inter-body cage fusion for lumbar adjacent segment disease...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198418/mri-measurements-of-the-normal-pediatric-optic-nerve-pathway
#5
Hillel S Maresky, Anna Ben Ely, Tatyana Bartischovsky, Judith Coret-Simon, Yair Morad, Simon Rozowsky, Miriam Klar, Saida Negieva, Inessa Bekerman, Sigal Tal
The purpose of this work is to establish a reference scale of optic nerve pathway measurements in pediatric patients according to age using MRI. Optic nerve pathway measurements were retrospectively analyzed using an orbits equivalent sequence on brain MRI scans of 137 pediatric patients (72 male, 65 female, average age = 7.7 years, standard deviation  = 5.3). The examinations were performed on a 1.5-T or 3-T Siemens MR system using routine imaging protocols. Measurements include diameters of the orbital optic nerves (OON), prechiasmatic optic nerves (PON), optic tracts (OT), and optic chiasm (OC)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198417/the-significance-of-spinal-fixation-in-palliative-surgery-for-spinal-metastases
#6
Shurei Sugita, Takahiro Hozumi, Kiyofumi Yamakawa, Takahiro Goto
The purpose of this study is to assess appropriate fixation methods for surgical spinal stabilization for spinal metastases. 191 patients who underwent spine surgery for spinal metastases are included in this study. The surgeries included 1) posterior decompression only (29), 2) posterior decompression and fixation (153), and 3) decompression and circumferential fixation (9). We evaluated and compared all cases based upon 1) use of fixation, 2) number of levels included in the fixation, 3) type of fixation, 4) use of bone graft, 5) presence of preoperative collapse of involved vertebrae, and 6) involved area of vertebrae according to Kostuik classification...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191472/peptidase-neurolysin-its-function-related-to-the-brain-renin-angiotensin-system-and-pathophysiology-of-stroke-letter-to-the-editor
#7
LETTER
Mamoon Rashid, Vardan T Karamyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183682/treatment-of-a-glioblastoma-multiforme-dural-metastasis-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery-a-case-report-and-select-review-of-the-literature
#8
Lauren L Hintenlang, Daniel H Miller, Tasneem Kaleem, Neema Patel, Byron C May, Katherine S Tzou, Laura A Vallow, Steven J Buskirk, Robert C Miller, Stephen J Ko, Kurt A Jaeckle, Daniel M Trifiletti, Jennifer L Peterson
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a primary brain neoplasm accounting for approximately 75% of all high grade gliomas. It is diffusely infiltrative and exhibits rapid proliferation with a poor overall prognosis. Maximum surgical resection and postoperative radiotherapy, accompanied by concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy, remain the standard of care without major therapeutic advances over the past 10 years. Herein, we present the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian male with a GBM who subsequently developed a left frontal dural metastasis, subsequently treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (20 Gy in 1 fraction)...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183681/effects-of-repeated-nerve-injuries-at-different-time-intervals-on-functional-recovery-and-nerve-innervation
#9
Mika Karasawa, Kumiko Yokouchi, Kyutaro Kawagishi, Tetsuji Moriizumi, Nanae Fukushima
Effects of repeated nerve injuries on functional recovery and nerve innervation were examined in rodents. Crush injuries of the sciatic nerve were inflicted on adult rats and repeated twice or thrice at different time intervals of 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Motor function was assessed by the static sciatic index at 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, and 56 days after the final crush. The rates of nerve innervation of the tibialis anterior muscle, a main muscle innervated by the common peroneal nerve, were evaluated by the quantification of βIII-tubulin-positive nerve terminals and α-bungarotoxin-positive acetylcholine receptors 21 and 56 days after the final crush of triple nerve injuries at 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-week intervals...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183680/drug-therapy-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-bench-to-bedside
#10
LETTER
Mehmet Turgut, Osman Berber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183679/angiographic-perfusion-imaging-of-intracranial-stenting
#11
Chibawanye I Ene, Ryan P Morton, Cory M Kelly, Michael R Levitt, Basavaraj Ghodke
Two-dimensional angiographic perfusion imaging (2DAP) is a new technique permitting perfusion imaging during angiography, and has been used to study cerebral vasospasm. Here we report our experience with this technique following angioplasty and stent placement in a patient with symptomatic and medically refractory stenosis of the right supraclinoid internal carotid artery. We found that intraprocedural angiographic perfusion imaging provided real-time and objective evidence of improved cerebral perfusion during intervention...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174757/anterior-transcorporeal-tunnel-approach-for-cervical-myelopathy-guided-by-ct-based-intraoperative-spinal-navigation-technical-note
#12
Javier Quillo-Olvera, Guang-Xun Lin, Tsz-King Suen, Hyun-Jin Jo, Jin-Sung Kim
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common degenerative disease of the spine in elderly patients. Although there are several surgical options for the treatment of this disease, minimally invasive techniques for localized decompression of the true clinical generator of the patient's disease has revolutionized spinal surgery recently. This article presents an alternate application of the anterior transcorporeal tunnel approach in combination with computed tomography (CT)-based intraoperative navigation in the treatment of patients with cervical myelopathy secondary to spondylosis...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174756/differentiating-meningioma-grade-by-imaging-features-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
Andrew T Hale, Li Wang, Megan K Strother, Lola B Chambless
Atypical meningioma has an aggressive clinical course. Distinguishing atypical from benign meningioma preoperatively could affect surgical planning and improve treatment outcomes. In this study, we examined whether pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features could distinguish between benign and atypical meningioma. Imaging factors analyzed included peritumoral edema, the presence of a draining vein, tumor necrosis, tumor location and tumor volume. Using univariate analysis, the most striking predictor of grade was tumor volume (p < ...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174755/cerebral-plasticity-after-contralateral-cervical-nerve-transfer-in-human-by-longitudinal-pet-evaluation
#14
Hao Ma, Mouxiong Zheng, Yechen Lu, Xuyun Hua, Wendong Xu
OBJECT: The treatment of brachial plexus avulsion injury remains a challenging problem. Admittedly, central nervous mechanisms play a significant role in the motor recovery of the paralyzed hand after peripheral nerve surgery. The present study aimed at investigating the relationship between cerebral reorganization and motor recovery after a unique peripheral crossing nerve transfer surgery in brachial plexus injury patients. METHODS: In the present study, two brachial plexus avulsion injury patients with were followed up for 4 years after contralateral C7 nerve transfer surgery...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169899/comparison-of-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-and-visual-field-changes-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
Ziyuan Liu, Hongli Wang, Dongsheng Fan, Wei Wang
Recent studies revealing genetic connection of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have received particular attention. Exploring the evidence for common pathogenesis of these two progressive neurological disorders may assist in understanding the mechanism and searching for new treatment. Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect and corresponding visual field (VF) impairment are well known neuropathy signs in glaucoma. In our study, thickness of certain retinal layer in ALS patients was analyzed to detect ganglion cell's soma and axon, and for first time visual field was examined for ALS...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162303/cervical-intradural-disc-herniation-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Qing Guan, Fei Xing, Ye Long, Zhou Xiang
BACKGROUND: Cervical intradural disc herniation (CIDH) is rare, and diagnosis and treatment are challenging. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of CIDH. METHOD: The presentation, imaging manifestations, diagnosis, management, prognosis and possible pathogenesis were reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. English-language studies and case reports published from inception to 2017 were retrieved...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153769/serum-sodium-response-to-hypertonic-saline-infusion-therapy-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Scott A Chapman, Eric D Irwin, Matthew Thunselle, Alicia Ronk, Patty Reicks, Barb Curran, Krishna Rangarajan, Harrison Tam, Greg J Beilman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153782/outcomes-of-cervical-laminoplasty-population-level-analysis-of-a-national-longitudinal-database
#18
Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Michael Zhang, Amy Li, Arjun V Pendharkar, John K Ratliff, Lawrence M Shuer
OBJECTIVE: Cervical laminoplasty is an important alternative to laminectomy in decompressing of the cervical spine. Further evidence to assess the utility of laminoplasty is required. We examine outcomes of cervical laminoplasty via a population level analysis in the United States. METHODS: We performed a population-level analysis using the national MarketScan longitudinal database to analyze outcomes and costs of cervical laminoplasty between 2007 and 2014. Outcomes included postoperative complications, revision rates, and functional outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150080/outcomes-of-thoracic-discectomy-a-single-center-retrospective-series
#19
Michael Cloney, Benjamin Hopkins, Ekamjeet Dhillon, Nader S Dahdaleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150079/mechanism-hypotheses-for-the-electrophysiological-manifestations-of-two-cases-of-endplate-acetylcholinesterase-deficiency-related-congenital-myasthenic-syndrome
#20
Qingyun Ding, Dongchao Shen, Yi Dai, Youfang Hu, Yuzhou Guan, Mingsheng Liu, Liying Cui
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the electrophysiological characteristics of two cases of endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency (EAD) related congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) caused by COLQ mutation and to discuss the possible mechanism of these electrophysiological phenomena. METHODS: Electrophysiological examinations were conducted including nerve conduction studies, routine electromyography (EMG), repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) and single fiber EMG (SFEMG)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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