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Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629681/association-of-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-strokes-hospital-admission-with-extreme-temperature-in-nanchang-china-a-case-crossover-study
#1
Jing-Hua Chen, Han Jiang, Lei Wu, Xiong Liao, Yuanan Lu, Xue-Qin Tao, Peng-Fei Deng, Yao Long, He-Lang Huang
Despite consistent evidence of a higher short-term risk of stroke mortality associated with ambient temperature, there are no findings on the association between extreme temperature and stroke. A total of 16,264 stroke hospital admissions were observed in three hospitals of Nanchang between 2008 and 2015. The case-crossover design was utilized for our study. Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate the odds ratios. Extreme high temperature exposure during the 3days before the stroke was associated with both ischemic (OR=1...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629680/preoperative-embolization-in-spinal-tumour-surgery-enhancing-its-effectiveness
#2
Barry Wei Loong Tan, Aye Sandar Zaw, Prapul Chander Rajendran, John Nathaniel Ruiz, Naresh Kumar, Gopinathan Anil
We conducted a retrospective review of 221 patients, who underwent spinal oncologic surgery at a tertiary university hospital between 2005 and 2014; in order to identify and validate factors that influence the impact of preoperative embolization of spinal tumours on outcome measures of blood loss and transfusion requirements in spinal oncologic surgery. We also focused on primary tumour type and type of spinal surgery performed. Patients' electronic and physical records were reviewed to provide demographic data, tumour characteristics, embolization techniques and surgical procedure details...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629679/how-to-address-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-following-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-surgery
#3
Jung Hyeon Moon, Sungjoon Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Chi Heon Kim, Won Heo
BACKGROUND: Primary dural repair in ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) surgery via anterior is challenging because of limited space. Based on several years of our experiences, we present our concept for addressing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage following dural tear during anterior OPLL surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 65 patients who underwent anterior OPLL surgery from 2003 to 2014. We included 7 patients whose operation records described dural tear followed by CSF leakage...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629678/history-of-electromyography-and-nerve-conduction-studies-a-tribute-to-the-founding-fathers
#4
REVIEW
Mohamed Kazamel, Paula Province Warren
The early development of nerve conduction studies (NCS) and electromyography (EMG) was linked to the discovery of electricity. This relationship had been concluded by observing the effect of applying electricity to the body of an animal and discovering that nerves and muscles themselves could produce electricity. We attempt to review the historical evolution of NCS and EMG over the last three centuries by reviewing the landmark publications of Galvani, Adrian, Denny-Brown, Larrabee, and Lambert. In 1771, Galvani showed that electrical stimulation of animal muscle tissue produced contraction and, thereby, the concept of animal electricity was born...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625589/acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-in-dengue-viral-infection
#5
REVIEW
Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, Fan Kee Hoo, Siew Mooi Ching, Ramachandran Vasudevan, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hamidon Basri
Dengue is the most common arboviral disease affecting many countries worldwide. An RNA virus from the flaviviridae family, dengue has four antigenically distinct serotypes (DEN-1-DEN-4). Neurological involvement in dengue can be classified into dengue encephalopathy immune-mediated syndromes, encephalitis, neuromuscular or dengue muscle dysfunction and neuro-ophthalmic involvement. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune mediated acute demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system following recent infection or vaccination...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625588/intraventricular-mass-lesions-still-a-question-of-surgical-approach
#6
Marvin Darkwah Oppong, Oliver Müller, Ramazan Jabbarli, Philipp Dammann, Ulrich Sure, Nicolai El Hindy
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular mass lesions represent a small subgroup of intracranial neoplasms with various entities. The anatomy of the ventricular system is complex. Hence multiple surgical approaches are used. We sought to present a single center algorithm regarding surgical approach for intraventricular mass lesion. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of all patients operated in our institution due to a primary intraventricular tumor between 2011 and 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625587/a-rabbit-model-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-ear-central-artery-suprasellar-cistern-shunt
#7
Jing Lu, Fuxiang Chen, Bing Cai, Fan Chen, Dezhi Kang
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a life-threatening hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease. The concept of early brain injury (EBI), induced by sharply increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and low cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) with cerebral global ischemia following aneurysm rupture, has been increasingly accepted. However, EBI has not been well studied partly due to lack of an ideal animal model. The purpose of this study was to establish a new aSAH model which can mimic the pathophysiological damage of EBI...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625586/corticosteroids-in-neurological-disorders-the-dark-side
#8
REVIEW
Dimitrios Parissis, Styliani-Aggeliki Syntila, Panos Ioannidis
Corticosteroids are among the most commonly prescribed drugs by physicians of nearly all medical specialties. Their widespread use in clinical neurology is based either on randomized studies or, most often, on clinical experience and experts' opinion. Besides the well-known adverse effects of corticosteroids, they may also induce or worsen certain neurological disorders. The purpose of this review is to highlight the negative impact of these drugs on these disorders with emphasis on putative pathophysiological mechanisms of this association...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625585/access-disparities-to-magnet-hospitals-for-ischemic-stroke-patients
#9
REVIEW
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Todd A MacKenzie
Access disparities to centers of excellence can have detrimental consequences for population health. We investigated the presence of racial disparities in the access of stroke patients to hospitals recognized by the Magnet Recognition Program of the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). We performed a cohort study of all ischemic stroke patients who were registered in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database from 2009 to 2013. We examined the association of African-American race with Magnet status hospitalization after ischemic stroke...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625584/the-role-of-prophylactic-antiepileptic-drugs-for-seizure-prophylaxis-in-meningioma-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Abdurrahman I Islim, Stephen McKeever, Ter-Er Kusu-Orkar, Michael D Jenkinson
Meningiomas are the commonest type of primary brain tumours. Whilst most patients are seizure-free prior to surgery, antiepileptic drugs are frequently administered to reduce the risk of developing post-operative seizures. However, evidence to support their efficacy in providing this outcome is sparse. To this end, we performed a systematic review to assess the impact of prophylactic antiepileptic drugs on post-operative epilepsy rates in seizure-naïve patients undergoing craniotomy for resection of meningiomas...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624141/serial-imaging-and-swan-sequence-of-developmental-venous-anomaly-thrombosis-with-hematoma-diagnosis-and-follow-up
#11
Boukobza Monique, Calvez Sandra, Henry-Feugeas Marie-Cécile, Laissy Jean-Pierre
Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are usually asymptomatic. We report a case of DVA thrombosis with recurrent tiny frontal hematoma in a 24-year-old man. The contribution of T2-GRE and SWAN sequences are discussed. Follow-up attested complete recanalization after anticoagulation.
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622893/outcomes-of-middle-fossa-craniotomy-for-the-repair-of-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence
#12
Nolan Ung, Lawrance K Chung, Carlito Lagman, Nikhilesh S Bhatt, Natalie E Barnette, Vera Ong, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) is a rare defect of the arcuate eminence that causes an abnormal connection between the superior semicircular canal and middle cranial fossa. Patients often present with a variety of auditory and vestibular symptoms. Trigger avoidance is the initial strategy, but surgery may be necessary in debilitating cases. We retrospectively reviewed SSCD patients undergoing repair via a middle fossa craniotomy between March 2011 and September 2015. Forty-nine patients undergoing 58 surgeries were identified...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602631/clinical-electrodiagnostic-and-outcome-correlation-in-als-patients-in-thailand
#13
Kongkiat Kulkantrakorn, Dararat Suksasunee
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) requires both clinical and electrodiagnostic (EDx) data. The correlation between the two may aid in outcome prognostication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with ALS in tow tertiary hospitals in Thailand. RESULTS: Data from 25 ALS patients out of 38 patients with motor neuron disease was reviewed. Male was predominant with mean age of onset of 60.1±10.7years old...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602630/correlation-between-standardized-assessment-of-concussion-scores-and-small-world-brain-network-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Yan Yan, Jian Song, Guozheng Xu, Shun Yao, Chenglong Cao, Chang Li, Guibao Peng, Hao Du
This study investigated the characteristics of the small-world brain network architecture of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), and a correlation between brain functional connectivity network properties in the resting-state fMRI and Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) parameters. The neurological conditions of 22 MTBI patients and 17 normal control individuals were evaluated according to the SAC. Resting-state fMRI was performed in all subjects 3 and 7days after injury respectively. After preprocessing the fMRI data, cortex functional regions were marked using AAL90 and Dosenbach160 templates...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602629/radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-plus-radiation-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-pure-intracranial-germinoma-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Hanhui Fu, Xiaopeng Guo, Ran Li, Bing Xing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of radiotherapy (RT) only and chemotherapy plus radiotherapy (CRT) strategy in the treatment of pure intracranial germinoma. METHODS: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane library up to May 2016 for studies that enrolled patients with pure intracranial germinoma receiving either RT only or CRT treatment as their first-line treatment. The meta-analysis was conducted on the overall survival rate (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) at 3years and 5years...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601575/a-novel-mutation-in-abcd1-unveils-different-clinical-phenotypes-in-a-family-with-adrenoleukodystrophy
#16
M Margoni, F Soli, A Sangalli, M Bellizzi, E Cecchini, M Buganza
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is the most common peroxisomal disorder. The disease is the consequence of mutations in the ABCD1 gene that encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein ALDP which is involved in the transmembrane transport of very long-chain fatty acids. We describe a family with six members carrying a novel heterozygous mutation IVS4+2T>A (c.1393+2T>A) of the ABCD1 gene, highlighting the wide range of phenotypic manifestations of ALD and the importance of genetic screening before any pregnancy in asymptomatic women whose carrier status is unknown...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601574/localization-of-the-trunk-muscles-using-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-guidance-for-pedicle-screw-stimulation-during-spine-surgery
#17
Tsui-Fen Yang, Jan-Wei Chiu, Chi-Kuang Feng, Ying-Chou Hsieh, Chen-Ya Yang, Jia-Chi Wang, Kwong-Kum Liao
The precise placement of recording electrodes at the relevant myotome is mandatory while performing pedicle screw stimulation (PSS) during spine surgery; however, their placement at trunk muscles is challenging. This study aimed to determine whether ultrasound guidance is useful for trunk muscle localization for PSS during spine surgery. A retrospective clinical study was conducted from a prospective database. Eighty-four patients eligible for spine surgery were recruited. Ultrasound was used to localize the intercostal, rectus abdominis, and internal oblique and psoas muscles if pedicle screw placement was performed at T3 to L1...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601573/upregulation-of-cyclin-b1-plays-potential-roles-in-the-invasiveness-of-pituitary-adenomas
#18
Peng Zhao, Pengfei Zhang, Wei Hu, Hongyun Wang, Guoqiang Yu, Zhuang Wang, Chuzhong Li, Jiwei Bai, Yazhuo Zhang
Predicting aggressive or malignant behavior of pituitary adenomas (PAs) remains challenging. Aberrant expression of cyclin B1 (CCNB1) occurred in various tumors including PAs. Our study was aimed to explore its roles in the development of PAs aggressiveness. According to the integrated analysis, the expression of CCNB1 was evaluated. Following bioinformatics analysis was performed to uncover the pathways CCNB1 involved in and the upstream transcriptional regulation factors. The mRNA expression of CCNB1 was verified by qRT-PCR...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601572/corpus-callosum-atrophy-as-a-marker-of-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-in-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-impact-on-employment-status
#19
Athanasios Papathanasiou, Lambros Messinis, Petros Zampakis, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos
Cognitive impairment in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is more frequent and pronounced in secondary progressive MS (SPMS). Cognitive decline is an important predictor of employment status in patients with MS. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) markers have been used to associate tissue damage with cognitive dysfunction. The aim of the study was to designate the MRI marker that predicts cognitive decline in SPMS and explore its effect on employment status. 30 SPMS patients and 30 healthy participants underwent neuropsychological assessment using the Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B, semantic and phonological verbal fluency task and a computerized cognitive screening battery (Central Nervous System Vital Signs)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601571/intrasellar-dermoid-cyst-mimicking-pituitary-apoplexy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Yuan-Bo Pan, Zhao-Liang Sun, Dong-Fu Feng
Intrasellar dermoid cysts are extremely unusual lesions, with only four cases reported to date, and have not been previously reported in association with sudden-onset symptoms. Here, we present the case of an intrasellar dermoid cyst with sudden-onset symptoms mimicking pituitary apoplexy in an elderly woman. A 69year-old woman presented with sudden onset of headache, dizziness, and decreased visual acuity. Magnetic resonance imaging of the sellar region showed an intrasellar lesion, which showed mixed hyper- and hypointense signal on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images and enhanced peripherally...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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