journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891061/noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
Hao Jiang, Yi Han, Chenqi Xu, Jun Pu, Ben He
Instruction and Objectives. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) alleviates sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and it may improve cardiac function in SDB patients. Because large randomized controlled trials directly evaluating the impact of NPPV on cardiac function are lacking, we conducted a meta-analysis of published data on effectiveness of NPPV in improving cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure regardless of SDB presence. Methods. Controlled trials were identified in PubMed, OVID, and EMBASE databases...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867307/adequate-vitamin-d-intake-but-low-serum-levels-in-pediatric-asthma-patients-a-pilot-study-alberta-children-s-hospital
#2
Sarah Howe McKenna, Tanis R Fenton, Mary Noseworthy, Mark Anselmo
Background. We assessed vitamin D intakes and serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels in pediatric asthma patients on moderate-to-high dose inhaled steroids and compared them to published findings of healthy children in our city. Methods. Parents and/or patients were interviewed to estimate the children's vitamin D intakes from foods and supplements (using an adapted validated food frequency questionnaire) and asthma duration and management. Vitamin D status: serum 25-hyroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) was obtained from the medical records...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777507/fully-covered-metallic-stents-for-the-treatment-of-benign-airway-stenosis
#3
Caroline Dahlqvist, Sebahat Ocak, Maximilien Gourdin, Anne Sophie Dincq, Laurie Putz, Jean-Paul d'Odémont
Introduction. We herein report our experience with new fully covered self-expanding metallic stents in the setting of inoperable recurrent benign tracheobronchial stenosis. Methods. Between May 2010 and July 2014, 21 Micro-Tech® FC-SEMS (Nanjing Co., Republic of Korea) were placed in our hospital in 16 patients for inoperable, recurrent (after dilatation), and symptomatic benign airway stenosis. Their medical files were retrospectively reviewed in December 2014, with focus on stent's tolerance and durability data...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774033/preliminary-evidence-of-reduced-urge-to-cough-and-cough-response-in-four-individuals-following-remote-traumatic-brain-injury-with-tracheostomy
#4
Erin Silverman, Christine M Sapienza, Sarah Miller, Giselle Carnaby, Charles Levy, Hsiu-Wen Tsai, Paul W Davenport
Cough and swallow protect the lungs and are frequently impaired following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This project examined cough response to inhaled capsaicin solution challenge in a cohort of four young adults with a history of TBI within the preceding five years. All participants had a history of tracheostomy with subsequent decannulation and dysphagia after their injuries (resolved for all but one participant). Urge to cough (UTC) and cough response were measured and compared to an existing database of normative cough response data obtained from 32 healthy controls (HCs)...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721666/intermittent-courses-of-corticosteroids-also-present-a-risk-for-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-non-hiv-patients
#5
Maria L Calero-Bernal, Isabel Martin-Garrido, Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Andrew H Limper, Eva M Carmona
Introduction. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is rising in the non-HIV population and associates with higher morbidity and mortality. The aggressive immunosuppressive regimens, as well as the lack of stablished guidelines for chemoprophylaxis, are likely contributors to this increased incidence. Herein, we have explored the underlying conditions, immunosuppressive therapies, and clinical outcomes of PCP in HIV-negative patients. Methods. Retrospective analysis of PCP in HIV-negative patients at Mayo Clinic from 2006-2010...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660519/the-mechanisms-of-the-regulation-of-immune-response-in-patients-with-comorbidity-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma
#6
Elena P Kalinina, Yulia K Denisenko, Tatyana I Vitkina, Elena G Lobanova, Tatyana P Novgorodtseva, Marina V Antonyuk, Tatyana A Gvozdenko, Vera V Knyshova, Anna V Nazarenko
Background. Comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma (asthma COPD overlap syndrome, ACOS) is a significant problem in pulmonary practice, whose pathogenetic issues are not clarified yet. Objective. To study the features of the regulation of immune response in patients with comorbid COPD and asthma. Methods. We assessed the levels of CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD4(+)/CD8(+), CD19(+), CD25(+), HLA-DR, total IgE, TNF-α, IL-4, IFN-γ, TXB2, and LTB4 in patients with comorbid COPD and asthma...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656097/the-impacts-of-educational-asthma-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Ana Carla Carvalho Coelho, Laís Souza Barretto Cardoso, Carolina de Souza-Machado, Adelmir Souza-Machado
Objective. To review the literature on the impact of educational asthma interventions in schools regarding the knowledge and morbidity of the disease among children and adolescents. Methods. A systematic review was conducted for controlled clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of educational asthma interventions for students, asthmatic or nonasthmatic, families, and school staff. Databases were CENTRAL, PubMed, LILACS, MEDLINE, and SciELO. Articles published in any language were considered, in the period from 2005 to 2014, according to the PRISMA guidelines...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642249/conservative-surgical-management-for-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-analysis-and-outcome-of-148-cases
#8
Mohammed Aldahmashi, Mohamed Alassal, Ibrahim Kasb, Hany Elrakhawy
Background. Hydatid cyst (HC) disease is endemic in many developing countries, like Yemen, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, especially in the rural regions. The disease has a variable clinical courses and even might be asymptomatic for many years. Objectives. In giant and large pulmonary hydatid cysts, pulmonary resection is the usual method of surgical treatment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the lung conservative surgery in treatment of cases with giant and large hydatid lung cysts, as an effective method of management...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635117/a-new-scale-to-assess-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#9
JiuWu Bai, JinFu Xu, WenLan Yang, Beilan Gao, Weijun Cao, Shuo Liang, Huiping Li
Background. Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation. Small proportion of PAP patients experienced spontaneous remission. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the severity and prognosis of PAP using various indexes. Methods. Characteristics, PaO2, lung function parameters, and HRCT score of 101 patients with PAP were retrospectively analyzed. Many indexes were explored and integrated into a scale. Results. PaO2 was lower among smokers than among never-smokers...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610029/the-development-of-a-critical-care-resident-research-curriculum-a-needs-assessment
#10
Sangeeta Jain, Kusum Menon, Dominique Piquette, Ronald Gottesman, James Hutchison, Elaine Gilfoyle, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
Background. Conducting research is expected from many clinicians' professional profile, yet many do not have advanced research degrees. Research training during residency is variable amongst institutions and research education needs of trainees are not well understood. Objective. To understand needs of critical care trainees regarding research education. Methods. Canadian critical care trainees, new critical care faculty, program directors, and research coordinators were surveyed regarding research training, research expectations, and support within their programs...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610028/respiratory-presentation-of-pediatric-patients-in-the-2014-enterovirus-d68-outbreak
#11
Georgina Martin, Rachel Li, Victoria E Cook, Matthew Carwana, Peter Tilley, Laura Sauve, Patrick Tang, Akshat Kapur, Connie L Yang
Background. In the fall of 2014, a North American outbreak of enterovirus D68 resulted in a significant number of pediatric hospital admissions for respiratory illness throughout North America. This study characterized the clinical presentation and risk factors for a severe clinical course in children admitted to British Columbia Children's Hospital during the 2014 outbreak. Methods. Retrospective chart review of patients with confirmed EV-D68 infection admitted to BCCH with respiratory symptoms in the fall of 2014...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597811/assessment-of-postresuscitation-volume-status-by-bioimpedance-analysis-in-patients-with-sepsis-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-pilot-observational-study
#12
Bram Rochwerg, Jason H Cheung, Christine M Ribic, Faraz Lalji, France J Clarke, Susheel Gantareddy, Nischal Ranganath, Aziz Walele, Ellen McDonald, Maureen O Meade, Deborah J Cook, Trevor T Wilkieson, Catherine M Clase, Peter J Margetts, Azim S Gangji
Background. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is a novel method of assessing a patient's volume status. Objective. We sought to determine the feasibility of using vector length (VL), derived from bioimpedance analysis (BIA), in the assessment of postresuscitation volume status in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with sepsis. Method. This was a prospective observational single-center study. Our primary outcome was feasibility. Secondary clinical outcomes included ventilator status and acute kidney injury. Proof of concept was sought by correlating baseline VL measurements with other known measures of volume status...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594794/short-term-health-impact-assessment-of-urban-pm10-in-bejaia-city-algeria
#13
Fatima Benaissa, Cara Nichole Maesano, Rezak Alkama, Isabella Annesi-Maesano
We used Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to analyze the impact on a given population's health outcomes in terms of all-causes mortality and respiratory and cardiovascular hospitalizations attributable to short-term exposure to particulate matter less than 10 μm diameter (PM10) in Bejaia city, for which health effects of air pollution have never been investigated. Two scenarios of PM10 reduction were considered: first, a scenario where the PM10 annual mean is decreased by 5 µg/m(3), and then a scenario where this PM10 mean is decreased to 20 µg/m(3) (World Health Organization annual air quality guideline (WHO-AQG))...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516725/clinical-utility-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-pepsin-in-diagnosis-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-among-wheezy-infants
#14
Ahmed Fathi Abdallah, Tarek El-Desoky, Khalid Fathi, Wagdy Fawzi Elkashef, Ahmed Zaki
Background. There is no gold standard test for diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) associated infantile wheezing. Objectives. To evaluate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) pepsin assay in diagnosis of GERD in wheezy infants. Methods. Fifty-two wheezy infants were evaluated for GERD using esophageal combined impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring, esophagogastroduodenoscopy with esophageal biopsies, and BAL pepsin. Tracheobronchial aspirates from 10 healthy infants planned for surgery without history of respiratory problems were examined for pepsin...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493477/who-needs-to-be-allocated-in-icu-after-thoracic-surgery-an-observational-study
#15
Liana Pinheiro, Ilka Lopes Santoro, Sonia Maria Faresin
Background. The effective use of ICU care after lung resections has not been completely studied. The aims of this study were to identify predictive factors for effective use of ICU admission after lung resection and to develop a risk composite measure to predict its effective use. Methods. 120 adult patients undergoing elective lung resection were enrolled in an observational prospective cohort study. Preoperative evaluation and intraoperative assessment were recorded. In the postoperative period, patients were stratified into two groups according to the effective and ineffective use of ICU...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493476/quality-improvement-in-critical-care-selection-and-development-of-quality-indicators
#16
Carla A Chrusch, Claudio M Martin, The Quality Improvement In Critical Care Project
Background. Caring for critically ill patients is complex and resource intensive. An approach to monitor and compare the function of different intensive care units (ICUs) is needed to optimize outcomes for patients and the health system as a whole. Objective. To develop and implement quality indicators for comparing ICU characteristics and performance within and between ICUs and regions over time. Methods. Canadian jurisdictions with established ICU clinical databases were invited to participate in an iterative series of face-to-face meetings, teleconferences, and web conferences...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478398/rapid-growth-of-lung-nodules-due-to-combined-pulmonary-vasculitis-silicoanthracosis-and-chondrocalcinosis
#17
Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Stefanos Tzafos, Oliver Distler, Antonios G A Kolios, Walter Weder, Daniel Franzen
Background. Silicoanthracosis is a pneumoconiosis due to occupational inhalation of silica and carbon dusts. Clinically, it can be associated with vasculitis or rheumatoid arthritis. In association with these diseases, silicoanthracosis can present within the lung with multiple pulmonary nodules which, as a differential diagnosis, can mimic metastatic disease or multiple abscesses. Case Presentation. We present the case of a 62-year old former pit worker with pulmonary nodules, chondrocalcinosis due to calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD), and a history of renal cancer...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478397/incidence-prevalence-and-mortality-trends-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-over-2001-to-2011-a-public-health-point-of-view-of-the-burden
#18
Mariève Doucet, Louis Rochette, Denis Hamel
Background. An increase of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence was reported in Canada despite the decline of the main risk factor. Objectives. To estimate incidence, prevalence, and mortality of COPD from 2001 to 2011 and establish the COPD burden by the evaluation of the age-period-cohort effects on incidence trends and the comorbidities prevalence estimations. Methods. A retrospective population-based cohort was built using Quebec health administrative data. Change in trends was measured by relative percentage of changes and by joinpoint regression...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478396/egfr-mutation-analysis-of-circulating-tumor-dna-using-an-improved-pna-lna-pcr-clamp-method
#19
Kana Watanabe, Tatsuro Fukuhara, Yoko Tsukita, Mami Morita, Aya Suzuki, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Hiroshi Terasaki, Toshihiro Nukiwa, Makoto Maemondo
Introduction. Rebiopsies have become more crucial in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Instead of invasive biopsies, development of collecting biological data of the tumor from blood samples is expected. We conducted a prospective study to assess the feasibility of detection of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in plasma samples. Method. NSCLC patients harboring EGFR activating mutations, who were going to receive EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as first-line treatment, were enrolled in this study...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445575/practice-variation-in-spontaneous-breathing-trial-performance-and-reporting
#20
Stephanie Godard, Christophe Herry, Paul Westergaard, Nathan Scales, Samuel M Brown, Karen Burns, Sangeeta Mehta, Frank J Jacono, Dalibor Kubelik, Donna E Maziak, John Marshall, Claudio Martin, Andrew J E Seely
Background. Spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) are standard of care in assessing extubation readiness; however, there are no universally accepted guidelines regarding their precise performance and reporting. Objective. To investigate variability in SBT practice across centres. Methods. Data from 680 patients undergoing 931 SBTs from eight North American centres from the Weaning and Variability Evaluation (WAVE) observational study were examined. SBT performance was analyzed with respect to ventilatory support, oxygen requirements, and sedation level using the Richmond Agitation Scale Score (RASS)...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
journal
journal
31971
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"