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Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425754/intrabullous-adhesion-pexia-ibap-by-percutaneous-pulmonary-bulla-centesis-an-alternative-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-giant-pulmonary-bulla-gpb
#1
Wei-Liang Li, Yong-Hua Li, Yu-Bo Yang, Li-Hui Lv
Background and Objective: Most patients with giant pulmonary bulla (GPB) are treated by surgery; however, there is a subset for whom surgery is not a viable option, such as those with contraindications, or those unwilling to undergo operation. Therefore, an alternative minimally invasive method is desired for this subpopulation. The aim of this study was to explore an alternative procedure for treating GPB. Methods: This was a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm, unblinded study evaluating the efficacy and safety of intrabulla adhesion pexia (IBAP) procedure in GPB patients...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402198/effects-of-comorbidities-on-asthma-hospitalization-and-mortality-rates-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Masoud Mahdavian, Blake H Power, Shabnam Asghari, Jordan C Pike
Background: Recent studies have shown that patients diagnosed with asthma who have other chronic comorbidities have severely worse medical outcomes. However, the number of available published studies in this field is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of comorbidities in asthmatic patients based on hospitalization and mortality rates. Methods: A systematic review was conducted. Data were obtained from the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane until June 15, 2018...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364105/lung-ultrasound-is-accurate-for-the-diagnosis-of-high-altitude-pulmonary-edema-a-prospective-study
#3
Weibo Yang, Yuliang Wang, Zewu Qiu, Xuewen Huang, Maoxia Lv, Bin Liu, Dingzhou Yang, Zhenhan Yang, Tingshan Xie
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasonography (LUS) for high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Background: LUS has proven to be a reliable tool for the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases, including pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and pneumothorax. LUS also has potential for the diagnosis of HAPE. However, the actual diagnostic value of LUS for HAPE is still unknown. Our objective was to determine the feasibility of using LUS for the diagnosis of HAPE...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30363691/the-serum-level-of-il-1b-correlates-with-the-activity-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#4
Mengling Zhan, Benyong Xu, Lan Zhao, Bing Li, Liyun Xu, Qiuhong Sun, Jun Zhang, Zhemin Zhang, Haiqing Chu
Background: Until now, there have been no objective criteria to determine the activity of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). This study aims to analyze the correlation between serum level of IL-1B and the activity of CPA and to determine whether serum IL-1B could be used to assess the activity of CPA. Methods: A total of 469 newly diagnosed CPA patients were enrolled. Correlation analysis in the whole subjects showed that only IL-1B level was associated with the activity of CPA...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319722/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-portopulmonary-hypertension-in-223-liver-transplant-recipients
#5
Jian Li, Qi Zhuang, Xueming Zhang, Ying Zheng, Zhiqing Qiao, Jianjun Zhang, Xuedong Shen, Jieyan Shen
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and prognosis of portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) in liver transplant recipients. Methods: Patients with advanced liver disease who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) were included in this retrospective study from January 2012 to June 2015. According to the 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH), patients with tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) >3...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319721/a-chinese-traditional-therapy-for-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-mice
#6
Lifang Sun, Minjie Mao, Zhisheng Yan, Cuiyun Zuo, Xiaojie Zhang
Pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic and fatal disease of lung tissue with high incidence and mortality in the world. The exploration of effective treatment for pulmonary fibrosis remains an urgent challenge. In our study, Qingfei Xieding was investigated as a novel Chinese traditional patent medicine against pulmonary fibrosis. A pulmonary fibrosis mouse model was constructed by injecting with bleomycin sulfate. Following Qingfei Xieding administration, lung samples were collected to assess pulmonary phenotype changes by analyzing lung coefficient, wet/dry, and histopathologic section...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30319720/inhalation-devices
#7
EDITORIAL
Petra Moroni-Zentgraf, Omar S Usmani, David M G Halpin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275916/serum-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-interferon-%C3%AE-levels-in-pediatric-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Ying Wang, Yongsheng Zhang, Wenting Lu, Liying Wang
Background: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is one of the most common forms of community-acquired pneumonia in children. The objective of this study was to explore potential changes in levels of serum tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α ) and interferon- γ (IFN- γ ) associated with pediatric MPP. Methods: This protocol has been registered (PROSPERO 2017: CRD42017077979). A literature search was performed in October 2017 using PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and other Chinese medical databases to identify studies...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271508/association-between-pulmonary-function-and-stair-climbing-test-results-after-lung-resection-a-pilot-study
#9
Yohei Kubori, Ryosuke Matsuki, Akira Hotta, Tomoyuki Morisawa, Akira Tamaki
Background: The stair-climbing test was used to assess the exercise capacity before lung resection in subjects with lung cancer. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the role of this exercise methodology as a postoperative test. The aim of the present study was to assess whether the stair-climbing test findings reflect the postoperative decrease in pulmonary function. Methods: Twenty subjects with non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent lung resection were enrolled in the study...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30250631/usefulness-of-nonvalved-spacers-for-administration-of-inhaled-steroids-in-young-children-with-recurrent-wheezing-and-risk-factors-for-asthma
#10
Carlos Kofman, Alejandro Teper
Background: In vitro and scintigraphic studies have suggested that effectiveness of metered-dose inhalers (MDI) with nonvalved spacers (NVS) is similar to that of MDI with valved holding chambers (VHC). Nevertheless, there are no clinical studies that compare these techniques in long-term treatment with inhaled steroids in young children with recurrent wheezing and risk factors for asthma. Objective: To compare the efficacy of a long-term treatment with Fluticasone Propionate administered by an MDI through both type of spacers, with and without valves, in young children with recurrent wheezing and risk factors for asthma...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228832/predictors-of-sleep-apnea-in-the-canadian-population
#11
Ina van der Spuy, Gaungming Zhao, Chandima Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa
Older age, obesity, hypertension, snoring, and excessive daytime sleepiness have been associated with sleep apnea. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence (crude and adjusted), as well as the risk factors, of sleep apnea in the adult Canadian population. Data from the 2009 Sleep Apnea Rapid Response (SARR) questionnaire were used to identify the risk factors, and all sleep-related questions in the SARR questionnaire were used. The outcome variable of interest was health professional-diagnosed sleep apnea...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210646/study-of-clinical-characteristics-and-cytokine-profiles-of-asthmatic-children-with-rhinovirus-infection-during-acute-asthma-exacerbation-at-national-hospital-of-pediatrics
#12
Thuy Nguyen-Thi-Dieu, Huong Le-Thi-Thu, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, An Pham-Nhat, Sy Duong-Quy
Background: In children with asthma, the viral infection of airways is usually a main cause of acute asthma exacerbation and hospitalization. However, few studies on clinical and biomolecular characteristics of asthmatic children in this field have been done, especially in emergent countries. Objective: This study described the clinical and biological characteristics of asthmatic children who had acute asthma exacerbation and rhinovirus (RV) infection. Methods: Children under 15 years of age hospitalized for acute asthma exacerbation were included...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210645/role-of-a-community-pharmacy-service-in-care-of-bronchial-asthma-patients-in-lithuania
#13
Arturas Nastaravičius, Kristina Ramanauskienė
Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases, and its care is often complex. In this research, we tested the proposal that participation of pharmacists in the management of bronchial asthma can improve patient outcomes. A two-stage study was constructed consisting of a training element and a service element, using the Asthma Control Test and a structured questionnaire about the patients' disease condition (based on the results of a qualitative study). The study was conducted in 21 pharmacies in Lithuania and involved 338 asthmatic patients (age 18-88 years)...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186538/respiratory-care-for-the-ventilated-neonate
#14
REVIEW
Gustavo Rocha, Paulo Soares, Américo Gonçalves, Ana Isabel Silva, Diana Almeida, Sara Figueiredo, Susana Pissarra, Sandra Costa, Henrique Soares, Filipa Flôr-de-Lima, Hercília Guimarães
Invasive ventilation is often necessary for the treatment of newborn infants with respiratory insufficiency. The neonatal patient has unique physiological characteristics such as small airway caliber, few collateral airways, compliant chest wall, poor airway stability, and low functional residual capacity. Pathologies affecting the newborn's lung are also different from many others observed later in life. Several different ventilation modes and strategies are available to optimize mechanical ventilation and to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186537/poorer-prognosis-of-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-compared-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-advanced-stage
#15
Makoto Shioya, Mitsuo Otsuka, Gen Yamada, Yasuaki Umeda, Kimiyuki Ikeda, Hirotaka Nishikiori, Koji Kuronuma, Hirofumi Chiba, Hiroki Takahashi
Objective: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare disease characterized by predominant upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis of unknown etiology. However, the prognosis of IPPFE has not been discussed. We investigated the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of IPPFE and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study on 375 consecutive idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients between April 2004 and December 2014...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159105/comparing-rem-and-nrem-related-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-jordan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
K Al Oweidat, S A AlRyalat, M Al-Essa, N Obeidat
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that includes an intermittent mechanical obstruction of the upper airway during sleep, which can occur either during rapid eye movement (REM) phase or non-REM (NREM) phase. In this study, we aim to evaluate the differences in demographic and polysomnographic features between REM- and NREM-related OSA in a Jordanian sample, using both the broad and the restricted definitions of REM-related OSA. All patients who were referred due to clinical suspicion of OSA and underwent sleep study were screened...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154941/the-nurse-practitioners-perspective-on-inhaler-education-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
REVIEW
Jane Scullion
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be debilitating conditions adversely affecting a person's quality of life. Effective treatments are available, but common errors in the use of inhalers compound the issue of disease control. The beliefs and concerns of a patient can also have an impact on treatment adherence, the consequences of which are diminished disease control and the occurrence of exacerbations. Once a treatment has been prescribed, it is often nurses who manage the patient long-term, and they may even be the main care provider...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154940/human-neutrophil-defensin-1-3-and-4-are-elevated-in-nasal-aspirates-from-children-with-naturally-occurring-adenovirus-infection
#18
V S Priyadharshini, F Ramírez-Jiménez, M Molina-Macip, C Renteria-Rosales, J Santiago-Cruz, Paola Zarate-Segura, E Lara-Padilla, Luis M Teran
Background: Adenoviruses are highly contagious pathogens which cause respiratory disease particularly in children; they may induce severe disease in infants. Human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) have been found to exhibit antiadenoviral activity. Thus, we have investigated HNPs in nasal aspirates (NAs) of children suffering from adenoviral common cold. Objective: To investigate the release of HNP-1-4 in adenovirus infection and the relationship with self-limiting upper respiratory tract infections...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140327/the-usefulness-of-the-forced-oscillation-technique-in-the-diagnosis-of-bronchial-asthma-in-children
#19
L Starczewska-Dymek, A Bozek, M Jakalski
The forced oscillation technique (FOT) requires minimal patient cooperation and is useful for children. However, comprehensive values of respiratory impedance at baseline and after the reversibility test have not been definitively confirmed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the basic parameters of FOT reactance (Xrs) and resistance (Rrs) in groups of healthy children and children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma. The second aim was the assessment of the reversibility bronchial test using the forced oscillation method in children with bronchial asthma...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123392/risk-of-cardiovascular-events-associated-with-inhaled-corticosteroid-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Xia Jing, Yufeng Li, Jianying Xu
Background: The cardiovascular (CV) safety of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial because different studies have suggested that ICSs either increase or reduce the risk of CV events in COPD patients. In this meta-analysis, we assess the CV safety of ICS therapy in COPD. Methods: A meta-analysis of randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trials of ICS treatment for COPD that include at least 4 weeks of follow-up was performed...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
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