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Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228832/predictors-of-sleep-apnea-in-the-canadian-population
#1
Ina van der Spuy, Gaungming Zhao, Chandima Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa
Older age, obesity, hypertension, snoring, and excessive daytime sleepiness have been associated with sleep apnea. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence (crude and adjusted), as well as the risk factors, of sleep apnea in the adult Canadian population. Data from the 2009 Sleep Apnea Rapid Response (SARR) questionnaire were used to identify the risk factors, and all sleep-related questions in the SARR questionnaire were used. The outcome variable of interest was health professional-diagnosed sleep apnea...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210646/study-of-clinical-characteristics-and-cytokine-profiles-of-asthmatic-children-with-rhinovirus-infection-during-acute-asthma-exacerbation-at-national-hospital-of-pediatrics
#2
Thuy Nguyen-Thi-Dieu, Huong Le-Thi-Thu, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, An Pham-Nhat, Sy Duong-Quy
Background: In children with asthma, the viral infection of airways is usually a main cause of acute asthma exacerbation and hospitalization. However, few studies on clinical and biomolecular characteristics of asthmatic children in this field have been done, especially in emergent countries. Objective: This study described the clinical and biological characteristics of asthmatic children who had acute asthma exacerbation and rhinovirus (RV) infection. Methods: Children under 15 years of age hospitalized for acute asthma exacerbation were included...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210645/role-of-a-community-pharmacy-service-in-care-of-bronchial-asthma-patients-in-lithuania
#3
Arturas Nastaravičius, Kristina Ramanauskienė
Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases, and its care is often complex. In this research, we tested the proposal that participation of pharmacists in the management of bronchial asthma can improve patient outcomes. A two-stage study was constructed consisting of a training element and a service element, using the Asthma Control Test and a structured questionnaire about the patients' disease condition (based on the results of a qualitative study). The study was conducted in 21 pharmacies in Lithuania and involved 338 asthmatic patients (age 18-88 years)...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186538/respiratory-care-for-the-ventilated-neonate
#4
REVIEW
Gustavo Rocha, Paulo Soares, Américo Gonçalves, Ana Isabel Silva, Diana Almeida, Sara Figueiredo, Susana Pissarra, Sandra Costa, Henrique Soares, Filipa Flôr-de-Lima, Hercília Guimarães
Invasive ventilation is often necessary for the treatment of newborn infants with respiratory insufficiency. The neonatal patient has unique physiological characteristics such as small airway caliber, few collateral airways, compliant chest wall, poor airway stability, and low functional residual capacity. Pathologies affecting the newborn's lung are also different from many others observed later in life. Several different ventilation modes and strategies are available to optimize mechanical ventilation and to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186537/poorer-prognosis-of-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-compared-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-advanced-stage
#5
Makoto Shioya, Mitsuo Otsuka, Gen Yamada, Yasuaki Umeda, Kimiyuki Ikeda, Hirotaka Nishikiori, Koji Kuronuma, Hirofumi Chiba, Hiroki Takahashi
Objective: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare disease characterized by predominant upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis of unknown etiology. However, the prognosis of IPPFE has not been discussed. We investigated the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of IPPFE and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study on 375 consecutive idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients between April 2004 and December 2014...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159105/comparing-rem-and-nrem-related-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-jordan-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
K Al Oweidat, S A AlRyalat, M Al-Essa, N Obeidat
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that includes an intermittent mechanical obstruction of the upper airway during sleep, which can occur either during rapid eye movement (REM) phase or non-REM (NREM) phase. In this study, we aim to evaluate the differences in demographic and polysomnographic features between REM- and NREM-related OSA in a Jordanian sample, using both the broad and the restricted definitions of REM-related OSA. All patients who were referred due to clinical suspicion of OSA and underwent sleep study were screened...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154941/the-nurse-practitioners-perspective-on-inhaler-education-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
REVIEW
Jane Scullion
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be debilitating conditions adversely affecting a person's quality of life. Effective treatments are available, but common errors in the use of inhalers compound the issue of disease control. The beliefs and concerns of a patient can also have an impact on treatment adherence, the consequences of which are diminished disease control and the occurrence of exacerbations. Once a treatment has been prescribed, it is often nurses who manage the patient long-term, and they may even be the main care provider...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154940/human-neutrophil-defensin-1-3-and-4-are-elevated-in-nasal-aspirates-from-children-with-naturally-occurring-adenovirus-infection
#8
V S Priyadharshini, F Ramírez-Jiménez, M Molina-Macip, C Renteria-Rosales, J Santiago-Cruz, Paola Zarate-Segura, E Lara-Padilla, Luis M Teran
Background: Adenoviruses are highly contagious pathogens which cause respiratory disease particularly in children; they may induce severe disease in infants. Human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) have been found to exhibit antiadenoviral activity. Thus, we have investigated HNPs in nasal aspirates (NAs) of children suffering from adenoviral common cold. Objective: To investigate the release of HNP-1-4 in adenovirus infection and the relationship with self-limiting upper respiratory tract infections...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140327/the-usefulness-of-the-forced-oscillation-technique-in-the-diagnosis-of-bronchial-asthma-in-children
#9
L Starczewska-Dymek, A Bozek, M Jakalski
The forced oscillation technique (FOT) requires minimal patient cooperation and is useful for children. However, comprehensive values of respiratory impedance at baseline and after the reversibility test have not been definitively confirmed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the basic parameters of FOT reactance (Xrs) and resistance (Rrs) in groups of healthy children and children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma. The second aim was the assessment of the reversibility bronchial test using the forced oscillation method in children with bronchial asthma...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123392/risk-of-cardiovascular-events-associated-with-inhaled-corticosteroid-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Xia Jing, Yufeng Li, Jianying Xu
Background: The cardiovascular (CV) safety of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial because different studies have suggested that ICSs either increase or reduce the risk of CV events in COPD patients. In this meta-analysis, we assess the CV safety of ICS therapy in COPD. Methods: A meta-analysis of randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trials of ICS treatment for COPD that include at least 4 weeks of follow-up was performed...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123391/daytime-sleepiness-in-patients-diagnosed-with-sarcoidosis-compared-with-the-general-population
#11
Andreas Hinz, Kristina Geue, Markus Zenger, Hubert Wirtz, Andrea Bosse-Henck
Background: The aim of this study was to analyze daytime sleepiness in a sample of patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis. Methods: A sample of 1197 German sarcoidosis patients was examined with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Fatigue Assessment Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-8). The patients' ESS mean scores were compared with those obtained from a large general population sample...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057652/teaching-pharmacy-undergraduate-students-inhaler-device-technique-and-exploring-factors-affecting-maintenance-of-technique
#12
Mariam Toumas-Shehata, Mark Henricks, Ludmila Ovchinikova, Lorraine Smith, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
Aim: To determine the effect of inhaler device technique education on the maintenance of the inhaler device technique of undergraduate pharmacy students over time and to determine the factors, if any, related to inhaler device technique maintenance in the academic setting. Methods: This study took the form of a prospective, unpaired samples repeated measures design. Participants had their inhaler technique assessed at baseline. Participants were then shown how to use an inhaler as a group...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034562/asthma-and-asthma-medication-are-common-among-recreational-athletes-participating-in-endurance-sport-competitions
#13
Amanda Näsman, Tommie Irewall, Ulf Hållmarker, Anne Lindberg, Nikolai Stenfors
Background: Asthma prevalence is high among elite endurance athletes, but little is known about its prevalence among competitive recreational athletes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-reported asthma and asthma medication use among competitive recreational endurance athletes and their association with training. Methods: A web survey on asthma and medication was conducted among 38,603 adult participants of three Swedish endurance competitions (cross-country running, cross-country skiing, and swimming)...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018677/inhaled-therapy-in-respiratory-disease-the-complex-interplay-of-pulmonary-kinetic-processes
#14
REVIEW
Jens Markus Borghardt, Charlotte Kloft, Ashish Sharma
The inhalation route is frequently used to administer drugs for the management of respiratory diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Compared with other routes of administration, inhalation offers a number of advantages in the treatment of these diseases. For example, via inhalation, a drug is directly delivered to the target organ, conferring high pulmonary drug concentrations and low systemic drug concentrations. Therefore, drug inhalation is typically associated with high pulmonary efficacy and minimal systemic side effects...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008977/impact-of-nasopharyngeal-filmarray-respiratory-panel-results-on-antimicrobial-decisions-in-hospitalized-patients
#15
Kenneth K Sakata, Natalya Azadeh, Anjuli Brighton, M'hamed Temkit, Christine L Klassen, Thomas E Grys, Holenarasipur R Vikram
Objective: To determine whether results of the nasopharyngeal FilmArray respiratory panel (NP-FARP) influenced antibiotic decisions. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of nonintensive care unit (ICU) inpatients that had an NP-FARP performed at our institution between June 2013 and June 2014. The inpatient records were reviewed 48 hours after the NP-FARP for the following data: demographic information; NP-FARP, serum procalcitonin, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal swab (MRSA NS) results; antibiotics prior and post-48 hours of the NP-FARP result; and the current immunosuppression status...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973963/inhalation-techniques-used-in-patients-with-respiratory-failure-treated-with-noninvasive-mechanical-ventilation
#16
REVIEW
Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona, Szymon Skoczynski, Dawid Wrona, Adam Barczyk
The administration of aerosolized medication is a basic therapy for patients with numerous respiratory tract diseases, including obstructive airway diseases (OADs), cystic fibrosis (CF), and infectious airway diseases. The management and care for patients requiring mechanical ventilation remains one of the greatest challenges for medical practitioners, both in intensive care units (ICUs) and pulmonology wards. Aerosol therapy is often necessary for patients receiving noninvasive ventilation (NIV), which may be stopped for the time of drug delivery and administered through a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer in the traditional way...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973962/the-relation-between-pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Ali Cengiz, Suat Konuk, Tuncer Tuğ
Aim: We aimed to investigate the relationship between serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) levels and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Materials and Method: 44 patients with OSAS and 44 healthy adults were included in this study. The participants having rheumatic or systemic inflammatory disease, advanced liver or kidney failure, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension, pregnancy, prerenal azotemia, known history of coronary artery disease, any pulmonary disease, rhinitis, or atopy, history of major trauma or surgery within the last six 6 months, and inhaled nasal or systemic corticosteroid use or other anti-inflammatory medications and those with <18 years of age were excluded...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973961/erratum-to-adrb2-arg16gly-polymorphism-and-pulmonary-function-response-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-plus-long-acting-beta-agonists-for-asthma-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Xi Wang, Qian Li, Ruming Liu, Jin He, Di Wu, Yun Wang, Jun Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/5712805.].
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951160/matching-inhaler-devices-with-patients-the-role-of-the-primary-care-physician
#19
REVIEW
Alan Kaplan, David Price
Poor inhaler technique and nonadherence impair the efficacy of medications for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A range of factors, including age, dexterity, inspiratory capacity, cognitive ability, health literacy, and ethnicity, can impact a patient's ability and intention to use their device. Treatment success can also be influenced by patient preferences and perceptions. Therefore, it is important that healthcare professionals effectively match inhaler devices to individual patients' needs and abilities and empower patients by including them in treatment decisions...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951159/corrigendum-to-fully-covered-metallic-stents-for-the-treatment-of-benign-airway-stenosis
#20
Caroline Dahlqvist, Sebahat Ocak, Maximilien Gourdin, Anne Sophie Dincq, Laurie Putz, Jean-Paul d'Odémont
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/8085216.].
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
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