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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Irene Roncero-Ramos, Mónica Mendiola-Lanao, Margarita Pérez-Clavijo, Cristina Delgado-Andrade
Influence of culinary treatments (boiling, microwaving, grilling, and deep frying) on proximate composition and antioxidant capacity of cultivated mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Pleurotus eryngii) was studied. Proximate composition was affected by the cooking method and the mushrooms species. Frying induced more severe losses in protein, ash, and carbohydrates content but increased the fat and energy. Boiling improved the total glucans content by enhancing the β-glucans fraction...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Saman Khalesi, Deepak Doshi, Nicholas Buys, Jing Sun
The aim of this article is to report on the validity and internal consistency of a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure dietary intake in Australian adults. A total of 407 individuals completed the short FFQ. The Cronbach's alpha of 0.66 indicated acceptable internal consistency for the FFQ. Content validity was measured using factor analysis showed that 35% of total variance was explained by factor analysis. The FFQ was also validated against 31 3-day food records (FR). No significant difference between average intake of energy, most macronutrients, and some micronutrients between two instruments was identified...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Parvin Mirmiran, Golaleh Asghari, Hossein Farhadnejad, Ghazaleh Eslamian, Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Fereidoun Azizi
This cohort study was conducted to examine the association of low carbohydrate diet (LCD) score with risk of incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components after 3.6 years of follow-up in 2044 healthy adults within framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. The LCD was calculated according to intakes of carbohydrate, monounsaturated fatty acids, refined grains, vegetable protein, fiber, n3/n6 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio and glycemic load (GL), using a food frequency questionnaire at baseline...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Juliana Farias de Novaes
This study aimed to evaluate the dietary calcium intake and its association with blood pressure in childhood. It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 347 Brazilian children aged 8 and 9 years. We evaluated calcium intake through three dietary records. Blood pressure was measured following the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology. The intake of calcium was below recommendations for almost all children (96.3%). There was statistically significant difference in the means of systolic (p = ...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Seyedeh Parisa Moosavian, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Existing research has investigated the association between sodium intake and obesity. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported evidence regarding the association between sodium intake and obesity. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar) were searched for observational studies published until August 2016. A systematic literature review identified 11 cohort and 21 cross-sectional studies. RESULT: Among the 32 studies identified in the systematic literature search, only 18 cross-sectional reports had sufficient data to be included in the meta-analysis...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Mohamed Sellami, Hanen Louati, Jannet Kamoun, Ali Kchaou, Mohamed Damak, Youssef Gargouri
The aim of this study is to search new anti-obesity and anti-diabetic agents from plant and spices crude extracts as alternative to synthetic drugs. The inhibitory effect of 72 extracts was evaluated, in vitro, on lipase and amylase activities. Aqueous extracts of cinnamon and black tea exhibited an appreciable inhibitory effect on pancreatic amylase with IC50 values of 18 and 87 μg, respectively. Aqueous extracts of cinnamon and mint showed strong inhibitory effects against pancreatic lipase with IC50 of 45 and 62 μg, respectively...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Valeria Deon, Cristian Del Bò, Federica Guaraldi, Giorgio Gargari, Andrea Bosusco, Paolo Simonetti, Patrizia Riso, Ornella Guardamagna
This study aimed at characterizing the fatty acid (FA) composition of red blood cell (RBC) phospholipids in children and adolescents with primary hyperlipidemia, and to ascertain potential association with serum lipid profile and dietary factors. At this purpose, 54 probands aged 6-17 years were recruited. Subjects showed a low omega-3 index (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA + docosahexaenoic acid, DHA <4%). Compared to males, females had a trend toward lower levels of total monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and MUFA/saturated fatty acids (SFAs) ratio in RBCs...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Monica Benvenuto, Rosanna Mattera, Laura Masuelli, Gloria Taffera, Orlando Andracchio, Ilaria Tresoldi, Paolo Lido, Maria Gabriella Giganti, Justyna Godos, Andrea Modesti, Roberto Bei
Racemic Gossypol [(±)-GOS], composed of both (-)-GOS and (+)-GOS, is a small BH3-mimetic polyphenol derived from cotton seeds. (±)-GOS has been employed and well tolerated by cancer patients. Head and neck carcinoma (HNC) represents one of the most fatal cancers worldwide, and a significant proportion of HNC expresses high levels of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that (±)-GOS inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and autophagy of human pharynx, tongue, and salivary gland cancer cell lines and of mouse salivary gland cancer cells (SALTO)...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Tamy Colonetti, Antonio Jose Grande, Karen Milton, Charlie Foster, Maria Cecilia Manenti Alexandre, Maria Laura Rodrigues Uggioni, Maria Inês da Rosa
AIM: We performed a systematic review to map the evidence and analyze the effect of whey protein supplementation in the elderly submitted to resistance training. METHODS: A comprehensive search on Medline, LILACS, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for relevant publications was conducted until August 2015. The terms used in the search were: "Resistance training"; "Whey protein"; "Elderly". RESULTS: A total of 632 studies were screened. Five studies were included composing a sample of 391 patients...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Michiko Nakamura, Sayaka Miura, Akiko Takagaki, Fumio Nanjo
Crude tea polysaccharide (crude TPS) was prepared from instant green tea by ethanol precipitation followed by ultrafiltration membrane treatment and its effects on blood lipid, liver lipid, and fecal lipid levels were examined with Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-fat diet. Although crude TPS showed no effects on the serum lipid levels, it suppressed the liver lipid accumulation and increased the fecal excretion of dietary fat. Then, the structural features of crude TPS were investigated. After separation of crude TPS by DEAE-cellulose and gel-filtration column chromatography, two kinds of neutral tea polysaccharides (NTPS-LP and NTPS-HH) and an acidic polysaccharide (ATPS-MH) were obtained...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Glen S Patten, Luz Sanguansri, Mary Ann Augustin, Mahinda Y Abeywardena, Anthony R Bird, Craig S Patch, Damien P Belobrajdic
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) may be more bioavailable from krill oil compared to fish oil due to their phospholipid structure. We tested whether a microencapsulated krill and tuna oil blend (ME-TOKO) provided greater LC n-3 PUFA bioavailability, improved blood lipid profiles and increased intestinal contractility compared to microencapsulated tuna oil (ME-TO). Rats were divided into three groups to receive isocaloric diets containing ME-TO, ME-TOKO and microencapsulated olive oil (ME-OO) at 0...
September 18, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Golbon Sohrab, Samira Ebrahimof, Giti Sotoudeh, Tirang Reza Neyestani, Pooneh Angoorani, Mehdi Hedayati, Fereidoun Siasi
Increased free radicals production due to hyperglycemia produces oxidative stress in patients with diabetes. Pomegranate juice (PJ) has antioxidant properties. This study was conducted to determine the effects of PJ consumption in oxidative stress in type 2 diabetic patients. This study was a randomized clinical trial performed on 60, 40-65 years old diabetic patients. The patients were randomly allocated either to PJ consumption group or control. Patients in PJ group consumed 200 ml of PJ daily for six weeks...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Roberto Salvia, Simona D'Amore, Giusi Graziano, Caterina Capobianco, Moris Sangineto, Domenico Paparella, Paola de Bonfils, Giuseppe Palasciano, Michele Vacca
The Mediterranean diet (MeD) is believed to promote health; nevertheless, changes in the nutritional patterns in the Mediterranean area (increased intake of refined carbohydrates/saturated fats; reduced fibers intake; main calorie load shifted to dinner) led to reduced MeD benefits in recent decades. We retrospectively investigated the effects of a MeD with a low intake of refined carbohydrates in the evening ("MeDLowC") on body weight (BW) and metabolic profile of overweight/obese subjects. According to their adherence to MeDLowC, subjects were classified into 44 (41%) individuals with "excellent" adherence and 63 (59%) with "poor" adherence...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Shenli Wang, Miryam Amigo-Benavent, Raquel Mateos, Laura Bravo, Beatriz Sarriá
Red grape pomace (RGP) is a major winery by-product with interesting applications due to its high phenolic content and antioxidant capacity. Effects of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and storage on the phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of RGP were studied. RGP polyphenols were stable under stomach-mimicking conditions and more sensitive to small intestine conditions, reducing anthocyanins and flavonols. After 3- and 6-month storage, at either 4 or 25 °C, there were no changes in the total phenolic and condensed tannin content, or antioxidant capacity (evaluated by ABTS, FRAP, ORAC assays); however, after 9 months these parameters decreased...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Xingli Liu, Taihua Mu, Hongnan Sun, Miao Zhang, Jingwang Chen, Maire Laure Fauconnier
We investigated the nutritional quality of steamed and baked breads containing 35% potato flour from four potato cultivars. Compared with traditional wheat varieties, potato-wheat steamed and baked breads contained higher dietary fiber (1.87-fold), K (2.68-fold), vitamin C (28.56-fold), and total polyphenol (1.90-fold) contents and greater antioxidant activity (1.23-fold). Moreover, the estimated glycemic index of potato-wheat breads ranged from 61.20 (Hongmei-wheat baked bread) to 67.36 (Atlantic-wheat steamed bread), which was lower than that of wheat steamed bread (70...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Renata A Carnauba, Daniela F S Chaves, Ana Beatriz Baptistella, Valéria Paschoal, Andreia Naves, Anna Maria Buehler
Phytochemical-rich foods consumption may be a valid nutritional strategy to reduce the risk of weight gain and obesity. The phytochemical index (PI) is a simple and nonspecific method to evaluate the phytochemical intake, defined as the percentage of dietary calories derived from foods rich in phytochemicals. We aimed to conduct a systematic review to evaluate whether high consumption of phytochemical-rich foods evaluated by the PI is associated with lower values of anthropometric measurements. The available literature suggests that the PI seems to be inversely associated with body weight and waist circumference...
September 8, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Bruna Gressler Milbradt, Jéssica Soares da Silva, Andressa Schneiders Silveira, Laila de Oliveira Dutra, Rosana da Rosa Pereira, Maria da Graça Kolinski Callegaro, Tatiana Emanuelli
The purpose of this study was to compare the calcium (Ca) bioavailability from eggshell fractions containing different particle size to purified CaCO3 in male growing rats. Mineral absorption, bone mineral concentration, and biomechanical properties were evaluated. Mean Ca absorption of rats fed with eggshell diets amounted to 56.2% of the ingested Ca, which is considered high. However, we observed lower Ca absorption in large-sized particle eggshell fraction (ES L) and small-sized particle eggshell fraction groups but similar Ca absorption in intermediate-sized particle eggshell fraction (ES M) compared with the CaCO3 group...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Deqiang Shen, Hao Bai, Zhaoping Li, Yue Yu, Huanhuan Zhang, Liyong Chen
Animal experimental studies have found that resistant starch can significantly improve bowel function, but the outcomes are mixed while conducting human studies. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the relationship between resistant starch supplementation and large intestinal function. Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus) were searched to identify eligible studies. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or weighted mean difference (WMD) was calculated using a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Carlos Mário Martins Silveira, Ana Vládia Bandeira Moreira, Hércia Stampini Duarte Martino, Renata Sena Gomide, Soraia Silva Pinheiro, Ceres Mattos Della Lucia, Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant'ana
Rice fortification offers great potential to deliver essential micronutrients to a large part of the world population. However, high temperatures required for cooking rice a re deleterious to thermally labile micronutrients. This study evaluated the content and stability of thiamin and folic acid in fortified rice after different cooking methods (stir-frying, boiling, cooking in a microwave oven and boiling in a Food Service). The analyses were performed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The fortified rice showed the highest thiamin content (0...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Amanda J Cox, Annabelle M Watts, Ping Zhang, Lauren T Williams, Allan W Cripps, Nicholas P West
Given the role of the intestinal microbiota in obesity and related disease, strategies to modulate the composition of the intestinal microbiota may augment traditional weight-management approaches. Here, we examined the safety and tolerability of 28 days of supplementation with bovine whey-derived lactoferrin and immunoglobulin supplements in a cross-sectional cohort of free-living adults. Participants (n = 20 each group) received enteric-coated whey-derived bovine lactoferrin (200 mg), immunoglobulin (200 mg or 800 mg), combination lactoferrin/immunoglobuiln supplements (200 mg/200 mg, 200 mg/800 mg) or placebo in a double-blind design...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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