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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Cai-Xia Zhang, Wei-Qing Long, Yan-Bin Ye, Min-Shan Lu, Nai-Qi Zhang, Ming Xu, Jing Huang, Yi-Xiang Su
This cross-over experimental study aimed to examine the effects of filled chocolate consumption on blood glucose, insulin and ghrelin levels in 20 volunteers. After a one-week run-in period, study participants consumed two chocolate-based products, the tested biscuit or water for 21 days as a morning snack. After a two-week wash-out period, participants consumed another tested food for another 21 days. Each participant consumed all four test foods within an 18-week period. The participants' blood insulin increased slowly after two chocolate-based products intakes on the first day and satiety levels after eating chocolate-based products and the tested biscuit were the same...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
S Pigat, A Connolly, M Cushen, M Cullen, C O'Mahony
This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulation efforts assessed, significantly reduced mean energy intakes by up to 12 kcal/d (adults), 15 kcal/d (teens), 19 kcal/d (children) and 9 kcal/d (pre-schoolers)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yi Zhang, Dian-Zhong Zhang
The association between coffee consumption and the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) has been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. This study aims to examine the relationship between coffee consumption and the serum CRP level. A comprehensive literature search up to August 2017, using PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science databases, was conducted to identify the relevant observational studies that examined the association between coffee consumption and the serum CRP level. A total of nine cross-sectional studies were included in this meta-analysis...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Beatrice Biasini, Laura Marchi, Donato Angelino, Giorgio Bedogni, Ivana Zavaroni, Carlo Pruneti, Daniela Galli, Prisco Mirandola, Marco Vitale, Alessandra Dei Cas, Riccardo C Bonadonna, Giovanni Passeri, Marco Ventura, Daniele Del Rio, Daniela Martini
Most of the requests of authorisation to the use of health claims pursuant to Regulation EC 1924/2006 related to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have received a negative opinion by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), mainly because of an insufficient substantiation of the claimed effect (CE). The present manuscript refers to the collection, collation and critical analysis of outcome variables (OVs) and methods of measurement (MMs) related to the GI tract compliant with Regulation 1924/2006. The critical evaluation of OVs and MMs was based on the literature review, with the final aim of defining their appropriateness in the context of a specific CE...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Qian Zhang, Yuwei Yang, Mingjun Hu, Haibo Li, Qi Zhong, Fen Huang
The effect of different individual TFA isomers on cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been a limited study, especially for stroke. We aimed to investigate the relationships between four major plasma TFA isomer (elaidic, vaccenic, palmitelaidic and linolelaidic acid) concentrations and the risk of CVD, stroke and non-stroke CVD. A cross-sectional study was conducted, utilising a nationally representative sample of US adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 3504 participants, 304 participants self-reported CVD history...
January 28, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Emiliano Kakisu, Eliana Tomchinsky, María Victoria Lipps, Juan Fuentes
Adverse health effects found to be caused by the industrial trans fatty acids (TFAs) encouraged significant changes in the food supply. A working model was implemented based on a multisectoral approach to monitor progress in the reduction of TFAs in compliance with Argentine food regulations. We analysed the fatty-acid profiles of commercial foods over the entire country comparing the results before and after the deadline for the compliance. A 93% adherence in the foods was obtained after the finalisation of the deadline for the compliance with the limited use of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Annunziata D'Alessandro, Giovanni De Pergola
We have analysed the definition of Mediterranean Diet in 28 studies included in six meta-analyses evaluating the relation between the Mediterranean Diet and primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Some typical food of this dietary pattern like whole cereals, olive oil and red wine were taken into account only in a few a priori indexes, and the dietary pattern defined as Mediterranean showed many differences among the studies and compared to traditional Mediterranean Diet of the early 1960s. Altogether, the analysed studies show a protective effect of the Mediterranean Diet against cardiovascular disease but present different effects against specific conditions as cerebrovascular disease and coronary heart disease...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Marcela Martinelli, Emilia Hick, Florencia Walz, Silvina R Drago
The effects of 15 d polydextrose (16.7 g) consumption on energy intake (EI) and appetite feelings were investigated. Overweight adults consumed a polydextrose-bar or a control-bar matched in energy content as a midmorning snack for 15 consecutive days in a single-blind, randomised, crossover design. The two 15-d intervention periods were separated by a 15-d washout period. On the day 1 and the day 15 of each intervention period, energy intake (primary outcome) and appetite feelings (secondary outcome) were assessed...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Roberta Pennati, Raoul Manenti, Antonella Stillitano, Gentile Francesco Ficetola, Giorgio Scarì, Silvia Mercurio, Elena Menegola
Nano-encapsulation is a technology used to pack substances in order to enhance their stability and bioavailability, but this packing may interact with living systems, causing unexpected toxicity. Vitamin A (vit A) is a substance that has received attention, because in developed countries, the increasing availability of supplements is leading to its excessive intake. This study aims to compare teratogenic effects caused by exposure to the traditional formulation of vit A versus nano-encapsulated vit A. We used ascidian embryos as an alternative model...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Maria Neve Ombra, Antonio d'Acierno, Filomena Nazzaro, Patrizia Spigno, Riccardo Riccardi, Massimo Zaccardelli, Catello Pane, Raffaele Coppola, Florinda Fratianni
Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are a good source of nutrients and phenolic compounds with versatile health benefits. Polyphenol-rich extracts of six ecotypes of P. vulgaris were analysed to determine their phenolic profiles and assayed in vitro for inhibitory effects on digestive enzymes relevant to carbohydrates and lipids metabolism. The extracts inhibited enzyme activities in a dose-dependent manner. IC 50 values ranged from 69 ± 1.9 to 126 ± 3.2 μg/mL and from 107.01 ± 4.5 to 184.20 ± 5...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Kaoru Ozaki, Toshinari Maruo, Hideki Kosaka, Mari Mori, Hideki Mori, Yukio Yamori, Toshiya Toda
The objective of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to elucidate the effects of fermented milk containing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris FC (FC) on defaecation in healthy young women. We included 31 women (18-31 years old) who were randomly selected into two groups. Subjects in the test group consumed fermented milk containing FC, while subjects in the placebo group consumed non-fermented gelled milk. In the test group, defaecation frequency (both in days and times per week) and stool volume significantly increased during the consumption of fermented milk containing FC compared with before consumption...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Sehad Alarifi, Alan Bell, Gemma Walton
Interest in the consumption of gum acacia (GA) has been associated with beneficial health effects, which may be mediated in part by prebiotic activity. Two doses of GA and fructooligosaccharide (FOS) (1 and 2%) were tested for their efficacy over 48 h in pH- and temperature-controlled anaerobic batch cultures inoculated with human faeces. Samples were taken after 0, 5, 10, 24 and 48 h of fermentation. The selective effects of GA (increases in Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp.) were similar to those of the known prebiotic FOS...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Lingti Kong, Chunli Song, Linhu Ye, Jian Xu, Daohua Guo, Qingping Shi
Lycopene is widely used as a dietary supplement. However, the effects of lycopene on cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) are not comprehensive. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of lycopene on the CYP enzymes and P-gp activity. A cocktail method was used to evaluate the activities of CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP2E1. Caco-2 cell monolayer model was carried out to assay lycopene on P-gp activity. The results indicated that lycopene had a moderate inhibitory effect on CYP2E1, with IC50 value of 43...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Akihito Endo, Fuko Sasaki, Shintaro Maeno, Yu Kanesaki, Yu Hamaguchi, Glaezel Angelique Torres, Satoru Tomita, Junichi Nakagawa
Soymilk contains several functional nutrients and is thus a promising ingredient for production of functional foods. The present research aimed to study starter properties, functional characteristics and safety of Lactobacillus paraplantarum D2-1, a promising starter culture for soymilk fermentation. Strain D2-1 actively fermented soymilk within 24 h but had weak activity of additional acid production after 7 d. Succinate and acetoin, which could be linked to flavour and taste, were accumulated in fermented soymilk...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Dan-Ting Yin, Yu Fu, Xin-Huai Zhao
Inulin was fermented by adult faecal microbiota and 10 exogenous strains for 24 or 48 h. The contents of acetate, propionate, butyrate and lactate were quantified in the fermented products, and the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects on a human colon cell line (HCT-116 cells) were assessed. Most of these strains increased contents of acetate, propionate and butyrate, and promoted lactate conversion. Correlation analysis suggested that butyrate and lactate in the fermentation products were positively and negatively correlated with the measured inhibition ratios (p < ...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Nikolaos Ioakeimidis, Vaios Tzifos, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios, Christos Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
The acute effect of coffee on arterial stiffness and its dependence on habitual consumption was studied in 24 volunteers on four separate occasions during which subjects received: (a) coffee espresso, (b) decaffeinated coffee espresso, (c) caffeine alone and (d) placebo (hot water). The increase in carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) and augmented pressure (AP) of the aortic pressure waveform after coffee consumption was more pronounced in non-habitual (n = 13) compared to habitual drinkers (n = 11), (differences of maximal changes between groups in PWV, AIx, AP responses by 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yuhui Chen, Xin Zhang, Lu Cheng, Xiaojie Zheng, Zhicheng Zhang
The variations in the contents of tea catechins and free amino acids in relation to the quality of Fenghuang Oolong teas (FOT) were determined. It demonstrated that in FOT, which were grown at a high altitude, the contents of methylated estered tea catechins were relatively higher. By human flora-associated (HFA) mice model, the effect of FOT on high-fat diet-induced obesity was investigated by high-throughput sequencing. The shifts in relative abundance of the dominant taxa at the phylum, family and genus levels showed their dramatically effects...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Victor Manuel Zamora-Gasga, Alicia Paulina Cárdenas-Castro, Efigenia Montalvo-González, María Guadalupe Flavia Loarca-Piña, Vázquez-Landaverde Pedro Alberto, Juscelino Tovar, Sonia Guadalupe Sáyago-Ayerdi
The indigestible fraction (IF) isolated from three lunch menus: Modified Mexican Lunch (MM-L), Traditional Mexican Lunch (TM-L) and Alternative Mexican Lunch (AM-L), was studied in terms of antioxidant capacity (AOX) and metabolites produced through fermentation by human intestinal microbiota. IFs were isolated after withstanding in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and total soluble polyphenols (TSP), condensed tannins (CT), hydrolysable polyphenols (HP) and AOX (DPPH, FRAP) were evaluated. AOX, pH and bacterial metabolites profile changes were also monitored during in vitro colonic fermentation...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Luca Pecoraro, Carlo Agostoni, Orsiol Pepaj, Angelo Pietrobelli
After birth, breastfeeding should not be considered only a normal and physiological event; in fact, it encloses both physical and the psychological aspects. Human milk cannot be compared to any formula milk. Specifically, human milk has immunological and nutritional properties and it is considered the best available option which guarantees an adequate growth and an optimal development of a child. Differences in term of mediators and hormones have been shown between infants who were breastfed and ones who were not...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Kelly J Valentini, C Austin Pickens, Jason A Wiesinger, Jenifer I Fenton
Supplementation with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids may improve cognitive performance and protect against cognitive decline. However, changes in brain phospholipid fatty acid composition after supplementation with n-3 fatty acids are poorly described. The purpose of this study was to feed increasing n-3 fatty acids and characterise the changes in brain phospholipid fatty acid composition and correlate the changes with red blood cells (RBCs) and plasma in mice. Increasing dietary docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) did not alter brain DHA...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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