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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056585/validation-and-reproducibility-of-an-australian-caffeine-food-frequency-questionnaire
#1
E J Watson, M Kohler, S Banks, A M Coates
The aim of this study was to measure validity and reproducibility of a caffeine food frequency questionnaire (C-FFQ) developed for the Australian population. The C-FFQ was designed to assess average daily caffeine consumption using four categories of food and beverages including; energy drinks; soft drinks/soda; coffee and tea and chocolate (food and drink). Participants completed a seven-day food diary immediately followed by the C-FFQ on two consecutive days. The questionnaire was first piloted in 20 adults, and then, a validity/reproducibility study was conducted (n = 90 adults)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029068/healthy-eating-attitudes-and-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-the-sun-cohort
#2
Susana Santiago, Itziar Zazpe, Alfredo Gea, Pedro A de la Rosa, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A Martínez-González
There is an emerging use of brief dietary questionnaires to investigate diet-health relation. We prospectively assess the association between eating attitudes (yes/no) and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 19,138 participants of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Cohort. We calculated a baseline healthy-eating attitudes score (in quartiles), positively weighting answers on more fruit, vegetables, fish and fiber and less meat, sweets and pastries, fat, butter, fatty meats and added sugar in drinks...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027691/effect-of-various-diets-on-biomarkers-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Harry Robberecht, Tess De Bruyne, Nina Hermans
The impact of the normal whole diet in different countries and of special types of diet on the biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is reviewed. Diet type, specification, risk of MetS and studied biomarkers, as far as could be traced, are included. Critical points in published studies are mentioned. Description of the traditional dietary patterns for the various countries is not always well-defined and numbers of persons in the studied population are sometimes quite limited, which hamper drawing definite conclusions...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998197/saturated-and-trans-fatty-acids-content-in-unpackaged-traditional-bakery-products-in-santa-fe-city-argentina-nutrition-labeling-relevance
#4
Emilse Negro, Marcela Aída González, Claudio Adrián Bernal, María Rosa Williner
Studies have reported the relationship between the excessive intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and trans fatty acids (t-FA) and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Since 2006, the MERCOSUR countries require that the mandatory nutrition labeling should include information not only about the content of SFA but also about the content of t-FA. This does not apply to fractionated products at the point of retail, such as bakery products. This paper aimed to determine the total fat content and the fatty acid profile in unpackaged traditional bakery products (breads, biscuits and pastries) in Santa Fe, Argentina...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973974/short-term-effect-of-dark-chocolate-consumption-on-routine-haemostasis-testing
#5
Martina Montagnana, Elisa Danese, Gian Luca Salvagno, Giuseppe Lippi
This experimental study was designed to investigate the sort-term impact of dark chocolate ingestion on routine haemostasis tests in healthy volunteers. The study population consisted in 15 healthy male volunteers who ingested 50 g of 90% cocoa chocolate within 3-5 min. Blood was drawn early in the morning, immediately before chocolate ingestion and 4 h afterwards, for assessment of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT) and fibrinogen. A significant increase of triglycerides (1...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960561/dietary-essential-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-and-linoleic-acid-differentially-modulate-tnf%C3%AE-induced-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity-in-fads2-deficient-hek-293-cells
#6
Ruth Schübel, Anke Jaudszus, Ralf Krüger, Alexander Roth, Martin Klempt, Stephan Wilhelm Barth
The pro- or anti-inflammatory bioactivity of dietary essential linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is mainly attributed to rate-limiting delta-6 desaturase (D6D) activity. The aim of this study was to analyze mechanisms of D6D-substrates ALA, LA and D6D-product gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) under D6D-deficient conditions. Fatty acid profiles (GC-MS), D6D gene expression (real-time RT-PCR) and NFκB activity (luciferase assay) were assessed in HEK293 cells. FADS2 gene expression was approved being marginal...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931142/the-use-of-inulin-type-fructans-improves-stool-consistency-in-constipated-children-a-randomised-clinical-trial-pilot-study
#7
Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Natalia Ferré, Gemma Castillejo-DeVillasante, Veronica Luque, Mariona Gispert-Llaurado, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Stephan Theis, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a common disorder in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the beneficial effects of a daily supplementation with Orafti(®) inulin-type fructans in 2-5 year old constipated children. METHODS: Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled parallel group trial where constipated children received two doses of 2 g Orafti(®) inulin-type fructans (OF:IN) or placebo (maltodextrin) for 6 weeks...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931137/impact-of-olive-oil-rich-diet-on-serum-omentin-and-adiponectin-levels-a-randomized-cross-over-clinical-trial-among-overweight-women
#8
Akram Kabiri, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Mohammadreza Eshraghian, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
This study aimed to investigate the effect of olive oil-rich diet on omentin and adiponectin concentrations. This cross-over randomized trial included 17 overweight women. Participants were assigned to consume either a usual (16% saturated fatty acids [SFA] and 8% monounsaturated fatty acid [MUFA]) or an olive oil-rich diet (16% MUFA and 8% SFA) for 6 weeks crossing over after a 2-week washout period. There was no significant difference in the changes of omentin between two dietary interventions. However, in the adjusted model for polyunsaturated fatty acids and fat mass, usual diet tended to decrease omentin levels whilst olive oil-rich diet tended to increase (-56...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931126/%C3%AE-tocopherol-%C3%AE-carotene-lutein-squalene-and-secoiridoids-in-seven-monocultivar-italian-extra-virgin-olive-oils
#9
Roberto Ambra, Fausta Natella, Sabrina Lucchetti, Valentina Forte, Gianni Pastore
Fatty acids and bioactive lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds (tocopherols, β-carotene, lutein, squalene, total polyphenols and secoiridoids) in monocultivar Italian extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) samples produced from the Leccino cultivar and six other yet uncharacterised cultivars (Rustica, Carpinetana, Dritta, Gentile di Chieti and Intosso) were analysed, also taking into account the effect of the type of decanter used for the oil extraction. Significant differences among cultivars were found for α-tocopherol and squalene, but not for carotenoids...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919168/the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-ageing-and-lifestyle-meal-study-rationale-and-study-design
#10
Giuseppe Grosso, Stefano Marventano, Maurizio D'Urso, Antonio Mistretta, Fabio Galvano
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that Mediterranean lifestyles, including nutrition and sleeping patterns as well as social integration, may play a role in reducing age-related diseases. However, the literature is mostly deficient of evidence provided by Italian Mediterranean islands that more closely adhered to the originally described lifestyles. In this paper, we described the rationale and the study design of the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle (MEAL) study, a prospective population-based cohort established in Sicily, southern Italy...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919166/phytochemical-profiles-and-antioxidant-activity-of-27-cultivars-of-tea
#11
Liang Zeng, Liyong Luo, Hongjun Li, Ruihai Liu
Tea, rich in phytochemicals, has been suggested to have human health benefits. The phenolic profiles, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of 27 tea cultivars were determined. Wide ranges of variation were found in analyzed cultivars for the contents of water-soluble phenolics (121.6-223.7 mg/g dry weight (DW)), total catechins (TC) (90.5-177.2 mg/g DW), antioxidant activities (PSC values 627.3-2332.3 μmol of vitamin C equiv/g DW, ORAC values (1865.1-3489.3 μmol of vitamin C equiv/g DW), CAA values (37...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917696/levels-of-estragole-in-fennel-teas-marketed-in-austria-and-assessment-of-dietary-exposure
#12
Daniela Mihats, Leopold Pilsbacher, Robert Gabernig, Martin Routil, Martin Gutternigg, Reinhard Laenger
Levels of estragole in fennel teas (n = 42) on the Austrian market and the associated dietary exposure were assessed in this study. The estimated daily exposure from consumption of fennel teas ranged from 0.25 to 5.04 μg kg(-1) d(-1), 0.32 to 6.42 μg kg(-1) d(-1), and 0.15 to 2.93 μg kg(-1) d(-1) for children, women, and men, respectively. Daily estragole exposures for infants were 0.008-20.78 μg kg(-1) d(-1). Despite MOE values are above 10,000 for nearly half of the fennel teas analyzed, there are still MOEs below this value indicating a potential risk for human health and a priority for risk management...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905218/optimization-of-the-malting-process-for-nutritional-improvement-of-finger-millet-and-amaranth-flours-in-the-infant-weaning-food-industry
#13
Sara Najdi Hejazi, Valérie Orsat
Malting is a beneficial approach to improve the nutritional value of cereals used in infant preparations. Malted finger millet and amaranth might be considered as potentially appropriate gluten-free alternatives for common wheat-based weaning products, especially in case of those suffering from celiac disease. In this study, the effects of germination temperature and duration on the main nutrients of malted finger millet and amaranth, are evaluated and optimized. Grains were germinated for 24, 36 and 48 h at 22, 26 and 30 °C...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899047/phytochemicals-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-four-italian-traditional-maize-zea-mays-l-varieties
#14
Antonella Capocchi, Stefania Bottega, Carmelina Spanò, Debora Fontanini
Flours of four pigmented (from orange to red and dark red) local Italian corns, studied for their soluble, soluble conjugate, and insoluble-bound phenols and flavonoids, showed a prevalence of the insoluble-bound fraction (70-80%). Correlations were found between the flours antioxidant capacity, measured with CUPRAC, FRAP, and DPPH methods, and soluble phenols and flavonoids content. A correlation was also found between ascorbic acid content and flours antioxidant power. Anthocyanins were present in small amounts in the red/dark red seeds; however, acid-alcohol assays and spectral analyses of pericarp extracts indicated the presence of red-brick phlobaphenes in these varieties...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899046/chili-pepper-as-a-body-weight-loss-food
#15
Sharon Varghese, Peter Kubatka, Luis Rodrigo, Katarina Gazdikova, Martin Caprnda, Julia Fedotova, Anthony Zulli, Peter Kruzliak, Dietrich Büsselberg
Chili has culinary as well as medical importance. Studies in humans, using a wide range of doses of chili intake (varying from a single meal to a continuous uptake for up to 12 weeks), concluded that it facilitates weight loss. In regard to this, the main targets of chili are fat metabolism, energy expenditure, and thermogenesis. To induce weight loss, the active substance of chili, capsaicin, activates Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel sub-family V member 1 (TRPV1) channels) receptors causing an increase in intracellular calcium levels and triggering the sympathetic nervous system...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899042/hepatic-rhythmicity-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-is-disrupted-in-perinatal-and-adult-mice-models-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#16
Junpei Soeda, Paul Cordero, Jiawei Li, Angelina Mouralidarane, Esra Asilmaz, Shuvra Ray, Vi Nguyen, Rebeca Carter, Marco Novelli, Manlio Vinciguerra, Lucilla Poston, Paul D Taylor, Jude A Oben
We investigated the regulation of hepatic ER stress in healthy liver and adult or perinatally programmed diet-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Female mice were fed either obesogenic or control diet before mating, during pregnancy and lactation. Post-weaning, offspring from each maternal group were divided into either obesogenic or control diet. At six months, offspring were sacrificed at 4-h intervals over 24 h. Offspring fed obesogenic diets developed NAFLD phenotype, and the combination of maternal and offspring obesogenic diets exacerbated this phenotype...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894200/differences-in-the-association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-and-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#17
Francesca Bella, Justyna Godos, Antonella Ippolito, Alessia Di Prima, Salvatore Sciacca
Plant-based dietary patterns have been associated with decreased cancer risk. The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of studies comparing empirically derived dietary patterns in relation to cancer risk. A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases was conducted. Eligible studies had an observational design and evaluated the association with cancer risk between a posteriori derived dietary patterns. Random-effects models were applied to calculate relative risks (RRs) of cancer between diets...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871184/in-vitro-evaluation-of-prebiotic-properties-derived-from-rice-bran-obtained-by-debranning-technology
#18
Premsuda Saman, Kieran M Tuohy, José A Vázquez, Glenn Gibson, Severino S Pandiella
The prebiotic ability of several rice bran fractions obtained by debranning (RBD) using human microbiota was studied in anaerobic batch cultures with agitation and pH-controlled. Fraction C (3.8-5% w/w pearling) from RBD increased the number of bifidobacteria and lactobacteria compared with the positive control, raftilose P95. RBD fermentation induced changes in the short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) profile. In addition, Fraction C revealed the highest growth of positive lactobacteria than commercial control. The present work illustrates the prebiotic capacity of RBD to modulate human microbiota and highlights that fraction C could be an economical source for use in human food as well as an interesting alternative to valorise a by-product of cereal industry...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855528/dietary-anthropometric-and-biochemical-factors-influencing-plasma-choline-carnitine-trimethylamine-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-concentrations
#19
Anna M Malinowska, Artur Szwengiel, Agata Chmurzynska
The objective of the study was to evaluate the nutritional, anthropometric, and biochemical factors that influence choline, l-carnitine, trimethylamine (TMA), and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) metabolism in elderly women. The volunteers' diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were estimated using a self-established score method. Body mass index (BMI), serum glucose, total, HDL, LDL cholesterol, triacylglycerol, homocysteine (tHcy), free choline (fchol), L-carnitine, TMA, and TMAO were assessed...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855525/the-biochemical-characterization-stabilization-studies-and-the-antiproliferative-effect-of-bromelain-against-b16f10-murine-melanoma-cells
#20
Íngara Keisle São Paulo Barretto Miranda, Anderson Fontes Suzart Miranda, Fernanda Vidigal Duarte Souza, Marcos André Vannier-Santos, Carlos Priminho Pirovani, Iuri Muniz Pepe, Ivanoé João Rodowanski, Katiúcia Tícila de Souza Eduvirgens Ferreira, Luciano Mendes Souza Vaz, Sandra Aparecida de Assis
The current study aims to extract bromelain from different parts (stem, crown, peels, pulp and leaves) of Ananas comosus var. comosus AGB 772; to determine of optimum pH and temperature; to test bromelain stability in disodium EDTA and sodium benzoate, and to investigate its pharmacological activity on B16F10 murine melanoma cells in vitro. The highest enzymatic activity was found in bromelain extracted from the pulp and peel. The optimum bromelain pH among all studied pineapple parts was 6.0. The optimum temperature was above 50 °C in all bromelain extracts...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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