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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768948/late-effect-of-the-food-consumption-on-colorectal-cancer-rate
#1
Maryam Ganjavi, Bahram Faraji
Studies have suggested that higher meat intake may increase colorectal cancer (CRC) risk while higher vegetable intake may reduce this risk. There is a substantial lag between the time of exposure to a risk factor (or protective factor) and incidence of cancer. For CRC, in particular, the time from formation of adenoma to occurrence of CRC takes from 10 to 15 years, or even more. This study correlates food disappearance data per capita for vegetable and meat with future age-adjusted CRC rates in USA. The lag weights, with a high confidence, showed that there is a positive correlation between the red meat availability and CRC age-adjusted incidence rates with a lag of at least 17 years and an Almon polynomial degree of 2...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768968/susceptibility-of-gut-indigenous-lactic-acid-bacteria-in-balb-c-mice-to-oral-administered-lactobacillus-plantarum
#2
Takashi Kuda, Yasushi Yokota, Yutaka Haraguchi, Hajime Takahashi, Bon Kimura
Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum strains AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 exert anti-inflammatory responses in ICR mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and protective effects against S. Typhimurium infection in BALB/c mice, respectively. To clarify the existence of L. plantarum-susceptible gut indigenous bacteria, AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells were administered to BALB/c mice via drinking water. Gene amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA of caecal content revealed that the AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells affected the abundance of caecal indigenous lactobacilli, but the effect on the dominant Clostridiales and Bacteroidales was not clear...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747537/enzymatic-treatment-of-pork-protein-for-the-enhancement-of-iron-bioavailability
#3
Yasumi Horimoto, Regina Tan, Loong-Tak Lim
The typical intervention for iron-deficiency anaemia is through oral supplementation with iron salts, which have unpleasant side effects. Therefore, there is a need for the development of supplements which will be absorbed more effectively and may have fewer side effects. This study investigated the effects of partially hydrolysed pork proteins on the bioavailability of non-haem iron. The peptides were derived using either pepsin or a combination of bacterial and fungal proteases, and their ability to deliver iron was evaluated in a rat intestine epithelial tissue model...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718752/corrigendum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701137/impact-of-food-pantry-donations-on-diet-of-a-low-income-population
#5
Tamara Y Mousa, Jean H Freeland-Graves
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study assessed the effect of food donations on total nutrient intake of clients of a food pantry in Central Texas. METHODS: Nutrient intakes of total, base and food donation diets were estimated for 112 food pantry recipients using specific questionnaires; and then compared to the dietary reference intakes (DRI) and 2015-2020 US Dietary Guidelines. RESULTS: Food donations accounted for more than half of the client's daily intake of energy, carbohydrates, vitamin B6 , phosphorus, copper and selenium...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697292/commonly-consumed-beverages-associate-with-different-lifestyle-and-dietary-intakes
#6
Louise Brunkwall, Peter Almgren, Sophie Hellstrand, Marju Orho-Melander, Ulrika Ericson
Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), artificially sweetened beverages (ASB), juice, coffee and tea has been associated with risk of metabolic disease. High consumption of these beverages may be associated with certain characteristics of the overall diet that would be important to take into account when analysing beverage-disease associations. Here, we investigate five beverages and their association with lifestyle and diet in 25,112 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. We observed that high consumption of SSB was associated with lower intakes of foods perceived as healthy...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671359/current-evidence-linking-diet-to-gut-microbiota-and-brain-development-and-function
#7
Florencia Ceppa, Andrea Mancini, Kieran Tuohy
The gut:brain axis is emerging as an important information highway linking the foods we eat with neurophysiological development and functions. Some gut microorganisms have shown to alleviate anxiety and depression, improve cognitive performance and play a role in brain development in early life. However, most studies were conducted in laboratory animals and these findings await confirmation in carefully designed human interventions. Similarly, little attention has been given to how diet:microbe interactions within the gut can impact on neurotransmitter production or their subsequent biological effects within the nervous system...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616827/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-health-a-summary-of-the-scientific-evidence-and-current-debate
#8
Elena Fattore, Elena Massa
This narrative review summarises the main studies of the role of the different fatty acids in coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the current scientific debate on dietary recommendations. Reduction and substitution of the saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are still the main dietary recommendation to prevent CHD and CVD. In the last few years, however, the strength of the scientific evidence underlying this dietary advice has been questioned...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575952/association-between-dietary-flavonoids-intake-and-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-adults-living-in-the-mediterranean-area
#9
Marina Marranzano, Sumantra Ray, Justyna Godos, Fabio Galvano
Dietary polyphenols, including flavonoids, are abundantly present in a healthy and balanced diet. Evidence for their role in preventing non-communicable diseases is emerging. We examined the association between estimated habitual intake of dietary flavonoid and obesity in a cohort study. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, inverse association between total flavonoid intake and excess weight (BMI ≥25) was found (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.45, 0.99); among individual classes of flavonoids, only flavanones were inversely associated with excess body weight (OR = 0...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529902/biopepdb-an-integrated-data-platform-for-food-derived-bioactive-peptides
#10
Qilin Li, Chao Zhang, Hongjun Chen, Jitong Xue, Xiaolei Guo, Ming Liang, Ming Chen
Food-derived bioactive peptides play critical roles in regulating most biological processes and have considerable biological, medical and industrial importance. However, a large number of active peptides data, including sequence, function, source, commercial product information, references and other information are poorly integrated. BioPepDB is a searchable database of food-derived bioactive peptides and their related articles, including more than four thousand bioactive peptide entries. Moreover, BioPepDB provides modules of prediction and hydrolysis-simulation for discovering novel peptides...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516760/is-dietary-fibre-truly-protective-against-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Vincenza Gianfredi, Tania Salvatori, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti, Daniele Nucci, Stefano Realdon
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Growing evidence shows that about 47% of cases of colorectal cancer can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between dietary fibre intake and the risk of colon cancer. We performed a structured computer search on PubMed, including epidemiological studies reporting results of dietary fibre intake and risk of colon cancer in women or men. We compared subjects exposed to the highest versus the lowest consumption...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513154/dietary-inflammatory-index-bone-health-and-body-composition-in-a-population-of-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
María Correa-Rodríguez, Blanca Rueda-Medina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
Diet quality has been postulated as a relevant factor in disorders like obesity and osteoporosis as it modulates inflammatory biomarkers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII) is associated with bone health status and body composition parameters in a population of young adults. The study population consisted of 599 young adults (aged 20.41 ± 2.72). Linear regression analysis revealed that weight and fat-free mass (FFM) were significantly associated with the DII after adjustments for age, sex and total energy (β = -0...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513123/broccoli-and-human-health-immunomodulatory-effect-of-sulforaphane-in-a-model-of-colon-cancer
#13
Hanna Bessler, Meir Djaldetti
The favourable properties of broccoli on human health are due to their abundant content of vitamins, minerals and isothiocyanates, the sulforaphane (SFN) being the most important. SFN is created from its precursor glucoraphanin and it is released by myrosinase enzymes produced during crushing of the plant. SFN has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. The aim of the study was to determine if SFN may affect the immune dialogue between human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HT-29 and RKO human colon cancer cells lines...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513118/associations-of-coffee-consumption-with-circulating-level-of-adiponectin-and-leptin-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
Yi Zhang, Dian-Zhong Zhang
The association between coffee consumption and the circulating level of adiponectin and leptin has been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the associations of coffee consumption with the circulating level of adiponectin and leptin. A comprehensive literature search up to January 2018, using PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science databases, was conducted to identify the relevant observational studies that examined the associations of coffee consumption with the circulating level of adiponectin and leptin...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508656/is-there-a-relationship-between-excessive-sugar-consumption-and-sleep-quality-in-children
#15
Nadia Raci Marques Pereira, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508653/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-on-is-there-a-relationship-between-excessive-sugar-consumption-and-sleep-quality-in-children
#16
E J Watson, A M Coates, S Banks, M Kohler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495907/comparison-of-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-ancient-triticum-monococcum-varieties-id331-and-monlis
#17
Gianfranco Mamone, Giuseppe Iacomino
Triticum monococcum L. is one of the oldest ancestors of wheat. There is some evidence that einkorn encloses forms of gliadin-deriving peptides which may potentially exert a reduced toxicity to consumers with gluten-related disorders. Accordingly, ID331 and Monlis lines were comparatively investigated in this study. The biological effects of gastro-resistant peptides deriving from an in vitro simulated digestion were evaluated on 21 d differentiated Caco-2 cells. Triticum aestivum digested gliadin was included as the positive control...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482377/green-tea-supplementation-upregulates-uncoupling-protein-3-expression-in-severe-obese-women-adipose-tissue-but-does-not-promote-weight-loss
#18
Driele Cristina Gomes Quinhoneiro, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Marcela Augusta Souza Pinhel, Natália Yumi Noronha, Camila Bitu Moreno Braga, Bruno Affonso Parenti Oliveira, Cristiana Cortes-Oliveira, Wanderley Pereira Oliveira, Wilson Salgado Junior, Júlio Sergio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
This study aims (i) to verify expression of the UCPs, PLIN1, PPARG2, and ADRB3 genes in the abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese women at baseline and after 8 weeks of supplementation with decaffeinated green tea extract, and (ii) to associate findings with clinical parameters. This is a longitudinal study during which 11 women with obesity grade III were submitted to supplementation with 450 mg of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) (intervention group); the control group consisted of 10 eutrophic women...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770639/the-preventive-effects-of-nanopowdered-red-ginseng-on-collagen-induced-arthritic-mice
#19
Yun-Kyung Lee, Kyung-Hoon Choi, Hae-Soo Kwak, Yoon Hyuk Chang
This study was carried out to investigate the efficiency of red ginseng nanopowder in preventing collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. The mice were divided into five groups: normal group (no immunisation), control (CIA), powdered red ginseng (PRG), nanopowdered red ginseng (NRG) and methotrexate (MTX). Administering MTX, PRG and NRG to arthritic mice significantly decreased spleen indexes, clinical and histological scores compared to control group. Serum analysis of NRG and MTX groups showed a reduction in the cytokines such as the levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in comparison to PRG group...
May 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738702/combined-effects-of-whey-protein-hydrolysates-and-probiotics-on-oxidative-stress-induced-by-an-iron-overloaded-diet-in-rats
#20
Eunju Park, Hyun-Dong Paik, Seung-Min Lee
Whey proteins possess antioxidant properties, and probiotics have various health-promoting effects. We investigated the effects of whey protein hydrolysates (WPHs) and probiotics in rats exposed to oxidative stress induced by iron-overload diet (IOL). Rats were divided into control (CTRL), IOL (0.2% ferrous sulphate), WPH (10%), probiotic (PB) mixture (Lactococcus lactis NK34 and B. polyfermenticus SCD), and WPH + PB group for 6 weeks. Average leukocytes and colonocytes tail moments were increased in IOL compared to CTRL but decreased in other groups...
May 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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