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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Juan Li, Arranee Chotiko, Alexander Chouljenko, Chenfei Gao, Jolene Zheng, Subramaniam Sathivel
The effect of alpha-tocopherol (α-TOC) delivered by soluble dietary fibre-based nanofibres (α-TOC-SDNF) on the life span of nematode Caenorhabditis elegans N2 (wild type) and TK22 (mev-1 mutants) with and without heat shock was investigated. Without heat shock, the wild-type and mev-1 mutants maintained in the 100 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had longer life spans than their respective blank control groups. With heat shock, the wild-type N2 in the 200 µg/mL of α-TOC-SDNF had a survival rate of 5% at day 49, while no nematodes survived in the blank control group...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yasmini P A Silva, Bárbara C Borba, Vanessa A Pereira, Marcela G Reis, Márcio Caliari, Marianne Su-Ling Brooks, Tânia A P C Ferreira
Tomato pomace, a by-product generated during tomato processing, was collected at a large tomato processing industry. The by-product was mainly constituted of tomato skin (61.5%), and presented high moisture content (66.58 g.100g-1 wet basis). Among the nutrients, the highest content was of dietary fibre, followed by proteins and fat (50.74, 20.91, 14.14 g.100g-1 d.w., respectively). The pomace has high in vitro antioxidation capacity, especially when measured with the TEAC assay (224.81 μmol Trolox equivalent 100g-1  d...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Giulia Secci, Simone Mancini, Valeria Iaconisi, Laura Gasco, Ana Basto, Giuliana Parisi
Physical and chemical parameters of rainbow trout fillets were tested during 120 days of frozen storage and following cooking. The fillets were obtained from rainbow trout-fed diets where dietary fishmeal was substituted with Hermetia illucens meal at 0, 25 and 50% inclusion levels, corresponding to control (C), Hi25, and Hi50 diets. Variations in quality traits of fillets emerged after 30 days of frozen storage, however they remained almost unchanged for the other 90 days. Increasing levels of H. illucens did not affect pH, shear stress, colour and water holding capacity of fillets...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Xiaoyan Chen, Meirong Fang, Shuli Xing, Daming Zuo, Ping Zhang, Zelan Hu
Previous studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) can enhance infant resistance to infection. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be explored. Here, we studied the effects of OPN on the development and functions of immune cells in infant rats fed with OPN-enriched formula (OF) compared with regular formula (RF). After 21 days feeding, the proportion of infant rats' CD3+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is significantly increased compared with the RF group. The proportion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of lymph nodes in the OF group is closer to the breast feeding (BF) group than to the RF group...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Vilma Pereira Panza, Henver Simionato Brunetta, Marina Vieira de Oliveira, Everson Araújo Nunes, Edson Luiz da Silva
Increased superoxide production by phagocytic NADPH oxidase has been associated with inflammatory conditions. Growing evidences suggest that dietary polyphenols may modulate the expression of NADPH oxidase subunits. Herein, we examined whether soluble mate tea (SMT) consumption - a polyphenol-rich beverage - affects the expression of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase protein p47phox and/or circulating biomarkers of inflammation and antioxidant biomarkers in humans. In a two-phase study, nine men were requested to drink water (control) for 8 d and then follow a second 8-d period drinking SMT...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Anisha Mahajan, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Veronica Rouse, Margaret Brum, Fatim Ajwani, Crystal Aultman, Maria Ricupero, Paul Oh, Tracey J F Colella
The Mediterranean dietary pattern has been linked with lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and the Mediterranean diet scale (MDS) has been created to incorporate and test the inherent characteristics of this dietary pattern. This study aimed to psychometrically validate a self-administered version of the MDS in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients in Canada. To establish content validity, the scale was reviewed by an expert interdisciplinary panel. A final version of the tool was tested in 150 CR patients...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Marilena Vitale, Emanuela Racca, Arianna Izzo, Angela Giacco, Eugenio Parente, Gabriele Riccardi, Rosalba Giacco
We developed and validated a tool assessing the adherence to the Mediterranean diet based on current nutritional recommendations for health promotion (MEDI-Quest). Four-hundred-and-eleven clinically healthy subjects completed both the MEDI-Quest-score and the validated MedDietScore (MDS). A good accordance between MEDI-Quest and MDS was observed (R = 0.638), as well as for the percentage of individuals having similar scores with both methods for each food group. Regarding socio-cultural-factors, higher adherence was observed in people with older-age (OR = 1...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Robin J C Stewart, Hannah Morton, Jane Coad, Kevin C Pedley
Static digestion in vitro is a commonly used technique for investigating micronutrient availability which allows the nutrients or foods of interest to be exposed to conditions that simulate those found within the stomach and small intestine. The activity of these digestive enzymes throughout their respective simulated digestion phases has been reported to decline due to the autolytic activity of the proteases and therefore incomplete digestion may result. The degree of protease inactivation under commonly simulated digestion conditions requires further quantification...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Georgios Saltaouras, Patricia K Shaw, Ann C Fraser, Chris Hawes, Harry Smith, Louisa Handley, Helen Whitby, Sangeetha P Thondre, Helen J Lightowler
In light of the updated Eatwell Guide and the corresponding change in the consumption of fruit smoothies, the aim of this study was to measure the glycaemic index and load of two commercial fruit smoothies and to investigate the retention of dietary fibre following production. In vitro analysis was performed to identify fibre material (cellulose and pectins) using calcofluor staining and immunocytochemical labelling. A repeated measures cross-over study was conducted (n 10) to determine the glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) of the smoothies...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Daniela Erba, Donato Angelino, Alessandra Marti, Federica Manini, Franco Faoro, Federico Morreale, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Maria Cristina Casiraghi
In order to investigate the nutritional quality of industrial-scale sprouted versus unsprouted chickpeas and green peas, before and after cooking, the ultrastructure, chemical composition, antioxidant capacity, starch digestibility, mineral content and accessibility were analysed. Sprouting did not deeply affect raw seed structure, although after cooking starch granules appeared more porous and swelled. Chemical composition of raw sprouted seeds was not strongly affected, excepting an increase in protein (both pulses), and in free sugars (in peas; +10% and +80%, respectively, p < ...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Audrey Y Coqueiro, Raquel Raizel, Andrea Bonvini, Julio Tirapegui, Marcelo M Rogero
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) encompass ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD) and indeterminate colitis (IC), characterising chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, associated with changes in the immune system and in the intestinal microbiota. Thus, probiotics may offer an alternative or adjuvant approach to conventional therapy. The present review aims to summarise the mechanisms of action of probiotics in IBD and their therapeutic effects. Most of the studies suggest that probiotics are effective in the treatment of UC, especially when several strains are concomitantly administered...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Michela Barichella, Gianni Pezzoli, Samanta A Faierman, Benedetta Raspini, Martina Rimoldi, Erica Cassani, Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Alessandro Leone, Laura Iorio, Valentina Ferri, Giovanna Pinelli, Chiara Pusani, Carlotta Bolliri, Roberto Cilia, Serena Caronni, Patrizia De Marco, Emanuele Cereda
In Zambia, chronic malnutrition still is one of the most common problem among children. To fight against malnutrition, the easiest short-term solution could be to combine specific types of food with affordable local plants. A large variety of natural food resources grow in Zambia, such as Moringa oleifera (MO), whose leaves are known for their health benefits, but are not consumed much by local populations. We analysed Zambian MO powder obtained from dried leaves and found that it contains large amounts of protein, minerals and vitamins, such as iron, calcium and carotenoids...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
María Gretel Michel-Barba, Hugo Espinosa-Andrews, Rudy Antonio García-Reyes, Yves Desjardins, Marisela González-Ávila
The blueberry is recognised as a source of phenolic compounds that have beneficial effects on human health; however, they possess low bioavailability and can be degraded by gastrointestinal conditions. Encapsulation has been widely used to mitigate these disadvantages; Gum Arabic (GA) and Corn Syrup Solids (CSS) are common carriers used in this technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Blueberry Extract (BE), carriers and their mixtures on the kinetic growth and maximal growth rate of probiotics and pathogenic bacteria...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Maryam Ganjavi, Bahram Faraji
Studies have suggested that higher meat intake may increase colorectal cancer (CRC) risk while higher vegetable intake may reduce this risk. There is a substantial lag between the time of exposure to a risk factor (or protective factor) and incidence of cancer. For CRC, in particular, the time from formation of adenoma to occurrence of CRC takes from 10 to 15 years, or even more. This study correlates food disappearance data per capita for vegetable and meat with future age-adjusted CRC rates in USA. The lag weights, with a high confidence, showed that there is a positive correlation between the red meat availability and CRC age-adjusted incidence rates with a lag of at least 17 years and an Almon polynomial degree of 2...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Takashi Kuda, Yasushi Yokota, Yutaka Haraguchi, Hajime Takahashi, Bon Kimura
Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum strains AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 exert anti-inflammatory responses in ICR mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and protective effects against S. Typhimurium infection in BALB/c mice, respectively. To clarify the existence of L. plantarum-susceptible gut indigenous bacteria, AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells were administered to BALB/c mice via drinking water. Gene amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA of caecal content revealed that the AN1 and Tennozu-SU2 cells affected the abundance of caecal indigenous lactobacilli, but the effect on the dominant Clostridiales and Bacteroidales was not clear...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yasumi Horimoto, Regina Tan, Loong-Tak Lim
The typical intervention for iron-deficiency anaemia is through oral supplementation with iron salts, which have unpleasant side effects. Therefore, there is a need for the development of supplements which will be absorbed more effectively and may have fewer side effects. This study investigated the effects of partially hydrolysed pork proteins on the bioavailability of non-haem iron. The peptides were derived using either pepsin or a combination of bacterial and fungal proteases, and their ability to deliver iron was evaluated in a rat intestine epithelial tissue model...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Tamara Y Mousa, Jean H Freeland-Graves
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study assessed the effect of food donations on total nutrient intake of clients of a food pantry in Central Texas. METHODS: Nutrient intakes of total, base and food donation diets were estimated for 112 food pantry recipients using specific questionnaires; and then compared to the dietary reference intakes (DRI) and 2015-2020 US Dietary Guidelines. RESULTS: Food donations accounted for more than half of the client's daily intake of energy, carbohydrates, vitamin B6 , phosphorus, copper and selenium...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Louise Brunkwall, Peter Almgren, Sophie Hellstrand, Marju Orho-Melander, Ulrika Ericson
Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), artificially sweetened beverages (ASB), juice, coffee and tea has been associated with risk of metabolic disease. High consumption of these beverages may be associated with certain characteristics of the overall diet that would be important to take into account when analysing beverage-disease associations. Here, we investigate five beverages and their association with lifestyle and diet in 25,112 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. We observed that high consumption of SSB was associated with lower intakes of foods perceived as healthy...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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