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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Camilla Signorini, Aristodemo Carpen, Luigi Coletto, Gigliola Borgonovo, Elisabetta Galanti, Jessica Capraro, Chiara Magni, Ambra Abate, Stuart K Johnson, Marcello Duranti, Alessio Scarafoni
Fermentation represents a valuable and cost-effective approach for food stabilisation and nutritional improvement. Tempeh is an example of soybean solid-state fermentation. In this work, we investigated the possibility of producing a tempeh analogue containing high amounts of vitamin B12 using seeds of three different species of the legume lupin, namely Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. mutabilis, with Rhizopus oligosporus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii cofermentation. Synergic effects of Rhizopus and Propionibacterium in increasing vitamin B12 up to 1230 ng/g dw was observed...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Emily J Watson, Alison M Coates, Siobhan Banks, Mark Kohler
This study aimed to compare sugar intake in Australian children with current guidelines and determine if total sugar consumption as a percentage of energy (sugar %E) exacerbates the relationship between sleep and behaviour. A sample of 287 children aged 8-12 years (boys 48.8%, age: 10.7 ± 1.3 years), and their parents/guardians completed a battery of questionnaires. Children completed a food frequency questionnaire, and parents completed demographic, sleep, and behaviour questionnaires. Average sugar intake was 134...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
D Brandão, L Ribeiro
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and its pathogenesis is proven to be related with dietary patterns, namely dietary fatty acid (FA) intake. We reviewed the evidences regarding the effect of different dietary FAs on human CRC cell lines proliferation and apoptosis. Altogether, the results obtained from in vitro studies show that monounsaturated FAs lack evidence regarding both proliferation and apoptosis, whereas there is a consensus about the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects, involving different intracellular targets, of n-3 polyunsaturated FAs, while n-6 series show a similar effect or no effects...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Amanda Alves Marcelino da Silva, Mayara Matias Oliveira, Taisy Cinthia Ferro Cavalcante, Larissa Cavalcanti do Amaral Almeida, Paula Luiza Menezes Cruz, Sandra Lopes de Souza
Undernutrition promotes morphofunctional adaptations in neuroanatomical circuits, leading to behavioural changes. Adolescence is a period of vulnerability for these adaptations, such as the control of food intake and the serotonergic system. The serotonergic system is capable of promoting satiety. However, its role in hedonic control has not been fully elucidated. The involvement of the 5-HT6 receptor in motivational feeding behaviours was recently observed. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a 5-HT6 receptor agonist on food intake and neuronal activation in areas of the reward system in adolescent rats subjected to perinatal protein undernutrition...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Gaowa Bai, Takeshi Tsuruta, Naoki Nishino
Soy, meat (mixture of pork and beef), and fish proteins were fed to rats with and without prebiotic raffinose (RAF), and the composition and fermentation of gut microbiota were examined. Bifidobacterium spp. populations were higher, and propionic acid concentration was lower in soy protein-fed than meat protein-fed rats. Likewise, Enterobacteriaceae populations were higher in fish protein-fed rats than other rats. RAF feeding increased Bifidobacterium spp. and decreased Faecalibacterium prausnitzii populations regardless of the dietary protein source...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Daniela Martini, Beatrice Biasini, Stefano Rossi, Ivana Zavaroni, Giorgio Bedogni, Marilena Musci, Carlo Pruneti, Giovanni Passeri, Marco Ventura, Daniela Galli, Prisco Mirandola, Marco Vitale, Alessandra Dei Cas, Riccardo C Bonadonna, Daniele Del Rio
All the requests for authorisation to bear health claims under Articles 13(5) and 14 in the context of appetite ratings and weight management have received a negative opinion by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), mainly because of the insufficient substantiation of the claimed effects (CEs). This manuscript results from an investigation aimed to collect, collate and critically analyse the information related to outcome variables (OVs) and methods of measurement (MMs) in the context of appetite ratings and weight management compliant with Regulation 1924/2006...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Sophie E Stantiall, Luca Serventi
There is a growing need for gluten-free bakery products. Currently, gluten-free bakery products deliver lower protein, fibre and mineral content and elevated glycaemic index (GI) than gluten-containing foods. Only a mixture of rice and buckwheat flour or a low addition of either egg white or whey protein, has shown potential for the improvement of both nutrition and sensory qualities. To increase the fibre content, isolated cereal fibre and soluble fibre isolates have been incorporated into gluten-free formulations with some sensory success...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Khaled Moustafa, Joanna Cross, Seif Gasim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Main Uddin, Dipankar Biswas, Abhik Ghosh, Niamh O'Kennedy, Asim K Duttaroy
In order to investigate whether the angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitory tomato extract Fruitflow(®) would lower blood pressure after consumption, we conducted a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled human intervention study, involving 12 pre-hypertensive people in a crossover design. Consuming a single dose of 150 mg Fruitflow(®) resulted in a significant reduction in 24-hour average blood pressure as well as average wake-period and sleep-period SBP, compared to placebo. Other parameters related to blood pressure, such as 24-hour average mean arterial pressure, pulse pressure, heart rate, central aortic systolic pressure and radial augmentation index were also reduced...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Jofrey Raymond, Neema Kassim, Jerman W Rose, Morris Agaba
Sustainable food strategies for meeting nutrient needs in developing countries are not well established. The available evidence shows that more than one-third of the world's population is facing under-nutrition, of which the most affected individuals are children and mothers from poor countries. In most developing countries, losses resulting from malnutrition are between 3 and 16% of the gross domestic product. This burden is far larger than the donor-driven and government programmes can tackle alone. As such, an innovative approach, which is independent and not donor-based, is needed to reduce the burden of malnutrition in low-income countries...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Jun-Ming Chen, Yong-Mei Xia, Yan-Dong Zhang, Tong-Tong Zhang, Qing-Rui Peng, Yun Fang
Steviol glycosides, a natural sweetener, may perform bioactivities via steviol, their main metabolite in human digestion. The metabolising kinetics, i.e. glucuronidation kinetics and interaction between steviol glycosides or their metabolites and metabolising enzyme, are important for understanding the bioactivity and cytotoxicity. The present study investigated kinetics of steviol glucuronidation in human liver microsome and a recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases isomer, UGT2B7, along with molecular docking to analyse interaction between UGT2B7 and steviol or glucose...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Agnieszka Micek, Justyna Godos, Alessandra Lafranconi, Marina Marranzano, Andrzej Pajak
To determine the association between total, caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and melanoma risk a dose-response meta-analysis on prospective cohort studies were performed. Eligible studies were identified searching PubMed and EMBASE databases from the earliest available online indexing year to March 2017. The dose-response relationship was assessed by random-effects meta-analysis and the shape of the exposure-outcome curve was modelled linearly and using restricted cubic splines. A total of seven studies eligible for meta-analysis were identified that comprised 1,418,779 participants and 9211 melanoma cases...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Jason Walsh, Jordan Haddock, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Diane L McKay, Xiaoyong Wei, Gregory Dolnikowski, C-Y Oliver Chen
Oat avenanthramides (AVAs) are a group of phenolic alkaloids, consisting of an anthranilic acid and a hydroxycinnamic acid linked by a pseudo-peptide bond. Bioavailability of AVA is poor in humans, suggesting transformations for rapid excretion. Thus, we aim to identify metabolites of AVA isomers in plasma of humans after consuming AVA-enriched oats. After lipid removal, AVA and their metabolites in plasma were extracted with ethyl acetate and analysed using an Agilent UHPLC-QToF-MS. Pharmacokinetics of AVA-O showed a bimodal distribution with Cmax1 and 2 for AVA-O at 5...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Paula A Lopes, Narcisa M Bandarra, Susana V Martins, Marta S Madeira, Júlia Ferreira, José L Guil-Guerrero, José A M Prates
We hypothesised that the incorporation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) across adipose tissues will be higher when it is ingested as triacylglycerols (TAG) structured at the sn-2 position. Ten-week old male hamsters were allocated to 4 dietary treatments (n = 10): linseed oil (LSO-control group), fish oil (FO), fish oil ethyl esters (FO-EE) and structured DHA at the sn-2 position of TAG (DHA-SL) during 12 weeks. In opposition to the large variations found for fatty acid composition in retroperitoneal white adipose tissue (WAT), brown adipose tissue (BAT) was less responsive to diets...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Florencia Ceppa, Filippo Faccenda, Carlotta De Filippo, Davide Albanese, Massimo Pindo, Roberta Martelli, Paola Marconi, Fernando Lunelli, Francesca Fava, Giuliana Parisi
Developing fish farming to meet the demands of food security and sustainability in the 21st century will require new farming systems and improved feeds. Diet and microbe interactions in the gut is an important variable with the potential to make a significant impact on future fish farming diets and production systems. It was monitored the gut microbiota of farmed rainbow trout using 16S rRNA profiling over 51 weeks during standard rearing conditions and feeding diet with supplementation of an essential oils (MixOil) mixture from plants (at a concentration in diet of 200 mg/kg)...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Michèle Jeanne Sadler
A comprehensive review of the literature identified 13 papers exploring economic evaluations of supplementation with micronutrients or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in developed countries. Evidence of efficacy included single-study-based estimates and estimates based on published meta-analyses or data synthesis. Results suggest that supplementation with specific micronutrients or long-chain omega-3 fatty acids for specific health outcomes, and targeted at particular population groups, may be cost-effective or deliver cost savings for health care providers...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Kazuhito Ohsawa, Fumiya Nakamura, Naoto Uchida, Seiichi Mizuno, Hidehiko Yokogoshi
This study aimed to determine the effects of a Lactobacillus helveticus-fermented milk drink containing lactononadecapeptide (NIPPLTQTPVVVPPFLQPE) on the cognitive function of healthy middle-aged adults. A randomised, double-blind controlled study was conducted in healthy participants who were randomly assigned to receive a L. helveticus-fermented milk drink (190 g/day) or the equivalent amount of a placebo drink once a day for eight weeks. Cognitive function was evaluated using the Japanese version of the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) test...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Sofie Lagast, Hans De Steur, Joachim J Schouteten, Xavier Gellynck
Reducing sugar consumption is an important aspect in the prevention of and fight against obesity. A broader understanding of consumers' perceptions of low-calorie sweeteners is needed. This study examined two low-calorie sweeteners, tagatose and stevia, in comparison to sugar in dark chocolate. A total of 219 consumers participated in this study and rated overall liking and sensory attributes. Participants also listed their emotional conceptualisations upon consumption and were assessed on emotional eating behaviour and health and taste attitudes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Agnieszka Micek, Giuseppe Grosso, Maciej Polak, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Tykarski, Aleksandra Puch Walczak, Wojciech Drygas, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Andrzej Pająk
The study aimed to assess a relationship between tea and coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cross-sectional study of a random sample of total Polish population was done (The WOBASZ II Study), and the present analysis included 5146 participants at age 20 years and above. Tea and coffee consumption was assessed by 24-h recall method. MetS was defined according to IDF/NHLBI/AHA criteria. After adjustment for covariates, coffee consumption was related to blood pressure and HDL cholesterol, and moderate drinkers had 17% lower odds of MetS compared with non-drinkers (OR = 0...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Michael R La Frano, Yimeng Cai, Betty J Burri, Shakuntala H Thilsted
Discovered in the late 1920s, 3,4-didehydroretinol (DROL, vitamin A2) plays a significant biological role in freshwater fish. The functions of this vitamin have been investigated but to a far lesser extent than those of retinol (ROL, vitamin A1). A recent study indicating all-trans DROL has 119-127% vitamin A biological activity compared to that of all-trans ROL suggests the significance of DROL for addressing vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in comparison to ROL may be currently overlooked. Freshwater fish such as small indigenous fish species (SIS), with high DROL content can be a promising dietary source for reducing VAD in areas where SIS are readily available and consumed...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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