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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728453/incomplete-metabolism-of-phytoestrogens-by-gut-microbiota-from-children-under-the-age-of-three
#1
Pilar Gaya, Abel Sánchez-Jiménez, Ángela Peirotén, Margarita Medina, José Maria Landete
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived polyphenols with structural and functional similarities to mammalian oestrogens. The aim of this work was to study the metabolism of phytoestrogens by children's intestinal microbiota and to compare it with previous results in adults. Faecal samples of 24 healthy children were subjected to phytoestrogen fermentation assay. Only one child produced equol, while O-desmethylangolensin was found in all. Urolithin production was detected in 14 children and enterolactone in 10. Further comparison with the metabolism of phytoestrogens by adult intestinal microbiota reflected that glycitein, dihydrogenistein, urolithins D and E, enterolactone, secoisolariciresinol and arctigenin were the most important metabolites differentiating between adult and child microbial gut metabolism...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720006/correction-to-vitale-bianchi-rapetti-pepe-giacco-giacco-and-riccardi-a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705075/higher-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-inversely-associated-with-having-hypertension-is-low-salt-intake-a-mediating-factor
#3
Melania La Verde, Serena Mulè, Gaetano Zappalà, Gaetano Privitera, Giuseppe Maugeri, Francesco Pecora, Marina Marranzano
Blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for population health worldwide and a preventable disease through lifestyle modification. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and occurrence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 adults were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and a MD adherence score were used to assess exposure variables...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697636/increasing-dietary-epa-and-dha-influence-estimated-fatty-acid-desaturase-activity-in-systemic-organs-which-is-reflected-in-the-red-blood-cell-in-mice
#4
Emily A Davidson, C Austin Pickens, Jenifer I Fenton
Delta-5 (D5D) and delta-6 (D6D) desaturase are key enzymes in fatty acid (FA) metabolism. Dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may alter tissue FA composition via D5D and D6D. The purpose was to determine the relationship between dietary EPA + DHA, estimated desaturase activities of various tissues and the reflection of desaturase activity in the red blood cell (RBC). Mice were fed diets with increasing percent of energy from EPA + DHA. Phospholipid FA composition of heart, muscle, spleen, lung, adipose tissues and RBC were analysed...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691595/application-of-hydrolases-and-probiotic-pediococcus-acidilactici-baltbio01-strain-for-cereal-by-products-conversion-to-bioproduct-for-food-feed
#5
Elena Bartkiene, Vadims Bartkevics, Vita Krungleviciute, Grazina Juodeikiene, Daiva Zadeike, Violeta Baliukoniene, Bronius Bakutis, Rasa Zelvyte, Antonello Santini, Dalia Cizeikiene
The aim of this study was to apply the enzymatic treatment and fermentation by Pediococcus acidilactici BaltBio01 strain for industrial cereal by-products conversion to food/feed bioproducts with high amount of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). LAB propagated in potato media and spray-dried remained viable during 12 months (7.0 log10 cfu/g) of storage and was used as a starter for cereal by-products fermentation. The changes of microbial profile, biogenic amines (BAs), mycotoxins, lactic acid (L(+)/D(-)), lignans and alkylresorcinols (ARs) contents in fermented cereal by-product were analysed...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691544/the-effect-of-plant-sterol-enriched-turkey-meat-on-cholesterol-bio-accessibility-during-in-vitro-digestion-and-caco-2-cell-uptake
#6
S Grasso, S M Harrison, F J Monahan, D Brayden, N P Brunton
This study evaluated the effect of a plant sterol-enriched turkey product on cholesterol bio-accessibility during in vitro digestion and cholesterol uptake by Caco-2 monolayers. Turkey products, one plant sterol-enriched (PS) and one plant sterol-free (C), were produced in an industrial pilot plant. Before simulated digestion, matrices were spiked with cholesterol (1:5 weight ratio of cholesterol to plant sterol). Plant sterols were included at a concentration equivalent to the minimum daily intake recommended by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) for cholesterol lowering...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691541/effects-of-hazelnuts-and-cocoa-on-vascular-reactivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-study
#7
Michela Adamo, Antonio Maria Labate, Anna Ferrulli, Concetta Macrì, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Cocoa helps maintain endothelium-dependent vasodilation; consumption of hazelnuts has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This study assesses the effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity and metabolic profile. Sixty-one healthy volunteers, examined in a randomised, controlled, two-week intervention, received one of six breakfast integrations containing either hazelnuts, cocoa, both or none. Consumption of unpeeled hazelnuts improved HDL-cholesterol (+7.3%, p = .01 vs. baseline, p = ...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683582/extending-viability-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-and-lactobacillus-johnsonii-by-microencapsulation-in-alginate-microgels
#8
Kendra A Tiani, Timothy W Yeung, D Julian McClements, David A Sela
AIM: To investigate whether microencapsulation of Lactobacillus in alginate microbeads will lead to increased longevity during refrigerated storage or simulated digestion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microscopy was used to confirm that Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC BAA-793 and Lactobacillus johnsonii ATCC 33200 were immobilised within the microbeads and laser scattering analysis was used to determine the mean diameter of the microbeads. The number of viable cells were enumerated throughout refrigerated storage and simulated digestion experiments...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675945/impact-of-dietary-fat-on-gut-microbiota-and-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications-on-obesity
#9
Flávia Galvão Cândido, Flávia Xavier Valente, Łukasz Marcin Grześkowiak, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Daniela Mayumi Usuda Prado Rocha, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas
Dietary fat strongly affects human health by modulating gut microbiota composition and low-grade systemic inflammation. High-fat diets have been implicated in reduced gut microbiota richness, increased Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio, and several changes at family, genus and species levels. Saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA), polyunsaturated (PUFA) and conjugated linolenic fatty acids share important pathways of immune system activation/inhibition with gut microbes, modulating obesogenic and proinflammatory profiles...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659066/the-potential-synergistic-behaviour-of-inter-and-intra-genus-probiotic-combinations-in-the-pattern-and-rate-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-formation-during-fibre-fermentation
#10
Warnakulasuriya M A D B Fernando, Steve H Flint, K K D S Ranaweera, Arthur Bamunuarachchi, Stuart K Johnson, Charles S Brennan
This study compared the rate of short chain fatty acid (SCFA) production by different probiotic combinations of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium to determine any synergistic effects. Six different fibre fractions were fermented with nine combinations of Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LR), Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA), Bifidobacterium longum (BL) and Bifidobacterium breve (BB) for 0, 6, 24 and 48 h. SCFAs were quantified by gas chromatography. Inter-genus combinations of bacteria produced more SCFA, especially BB + BL + LR, compared to intra-genus that yielded the lowest SCFA production...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659003/secular-trends-in-salt-and-soy-sauce-intake-among-chinese-adults-1997-2011
#11
Lianlong Yu, Suyun Li, Jinshan Zhao, Junli Zhang, Liansen Wang, Kebo Wang
Salt and soy sauce are the main ways of sodium intake in Chinese dietary. In this study, we used the data of the China Health and Nutrition Surveys to describe the secular trends of salt and soy sauce intake among Chinese adults from 1997 to 2011. Trends were tested by multiple linear regression models. During the past 14 years, the consumption of sodium, salt and soy sauce intake values decreased significantly across the six study periods (p < .0001) among both men and women. Averaged salt values decreased by 4...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643574/stability-and-in-vitro-release-behaviour-of-encapsulated-omega-fatty-acid-rich-oils-in-lentil-protein-isolate-based-microcapsules
#12
C Chang, M T Nickerson
The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a lentil protein isolate-based microcapsule design as a platform for entrapping different types of omega fatty acid-rich oil (e.g. canola, fish and flaxseed oils) and to characterise differences in the physical properties (e.g. moisture content, water activity, colour, wettability, particle size, surface oil and entrapment efficiency), storage stability and in vitro release behaviour of the entrapped oils. All microcapsules displayed similar physical properties regardless of the core material...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637371/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-serum-adiponectin-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-japanese-population
#13
Tirani Bahari, Hirokazu Uemura, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Miwa Yamaguchi, Mariko Nakamoto, Keisuke Miki, Fusakazu Sawachika, Kokichi Arisawa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between dietary pattern, adiponectin and insulin resistance. The study population consisted of 612 men and women aged 35-69 years old who had participated in the baseline survey of Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study in Tokushima Prefecture. Diets and lifestyle related variables were assessed by questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the relations between dietary patterns and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635340/from-seed-to-cooked-pasta-influence-of-traditional-and-non-conventional-transformation-processes-on-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-phenolic-acid-content
#14
Daniela Martini, Roberto Ciccoritti, Isabella Nicoletti, Francesca Nocente, Danilo Corradini, Maria Grazia D'Egidio, Federica Taddei
The aim of this work was to compare the traditional with a non-conventional (i.e. kernel micronisation) durum wheat milling process by monitoring the content of bound, conjugated and free phenolic acids (PAs) and the level of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) occurring in the durum wheat pasta production chain, from seed to cooked pasta. The traditional transformation processes negatively influenced TAC and PA content (40% and 89% decrease from seed to cooked pasta, respectively), mainly during the milling process (25% and 84% decrease of TAC and PA, respectively), which has been related to the removal of external layers of kernels...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614986/higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-prior-to-pregnancy-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-deviation-from-the-maternal-recommended-gestational-weight-gain
#15
Antonios E Koutelidakis, Olga Alexatou, Savvina Kousaiti, Elisavet Gkretsi, George Vasios, Anastasia Sampani, Maria Tolia, Dimitrios N Kiortsis, Constantinos Giaginis
The present retrospective study was conducted on 1482 women in order to evaluate whether their pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet may affect maternal gestational weight gain (GWG). For this purpose, the study population was classified according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations concerning GWG. Pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with 11 food patterns groups based on their contribution in the Mediterranean diet pyramid. Women with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet were more frequently characterised by GWG inside the IOM recommendations...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-lifestyle-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#16
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610456/consumer-heterogeneity-in-sugar-consumption-with-special-reference-to-fat-and-cholesterol-intake
#17
Jebaraj Asirvatham, Paul E McNamara
Consumers make dietary choices based on information they have. This study examines consumer choice of food products considering the healthfulness of multiple nutrients. We focus on high levels of sugars because higher levels of intake are associated with adverse health and nutritional outcomes. We find an important association of sugar consumption with the healthfulness of a diet based on saturated fat intake and cholesterol intake. Consumers making healthier choices in one nutrient are not making healthier choices on other nutrients...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583046/influence-of-roasting-on-the-chemopreventive-potential-of-in-vitro-fermented-almonds-in-lt97-colon-adenoma-cells
#18
Wiebke Schlörmann, Sonja Fischer, Christian Saupe, Tülin Dinc, Stefan Lorkowski, Michael Glei
The consumption of almonds may contribute to the prevention of colon cancer due to their unique composition of health promoting compounds. Since almonds are often consumed roasted, the impact of different roasting (R) conditions (R1 = 139.2 °C/25 min, R2 = 161.5 °C/20 min and R3 = 170.8 °C/15 min) on chemopreventive effects of in vitro-fermented almonds was analysed in LT97 colon adenoma cells. Fermentation supernatants (FS) of raw and roasted almonds had no genotoxic effects. FS obtained from raw or mildly roasted almonds (R1) significantly increased mRNA levels of CAT (4...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562133/dietary-nitrate-does-not-modify-blood-pressure-and-cardiac-output-at-rest-and-during-exercise-in-older-adults-a-randomised-cross-over-study
#19
C Oggioni, D G Jakovljevic, M Klonizakis, A W Ashor, A Ruddock, M Ranchordas, E Williams, M Siervo
Dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation has been associated with improved vascular and metabolic health. We conducted a double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled RCT to investigate the effects of 7-d consumption of beetroot juice compared with placebo on (1) blood pressure (BP) measured in resting conditions and during exercise, (2) cardiac and peripheral vascular function and (3) biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial integrity. Twenty non-smoking healthy participants aged 60-75 years and BMI 20...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562127/effect-of-pre-treatment-on-in-vitro-gastric-digestion-of-quinoa-protein-chenopodium-quinoa-willd-obtained-by-wet-and-dry-fractionation
#20
M Opazo-Navarrete, M A I Schutyser, R M Boom, A E M Janssen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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