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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545315/relationship-between-sleep-pattern-and-efficacy-of-calorie-restricted-mediterranean-diet-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#1
Giuditta Pagliai, Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
The association between the sleep pattern and the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet in people with overweight/obesity has been investigated in this study. Four hundred and three subjects were provided with a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet and followed for 9 months. Personal information, including sleep pattern, was obtained at the baseline. Body weight and composition were measured every 3 months. Poor sleepers reported to have significantly (p < .05) higher BMI and fat mass percentage than good sleepers...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535698/effect-of-urolithins-on-oxidative-stress-of-colorectal-adenocarcinomacells-caco-2
#2
Milica Kojadinovic, Aleksandra Arsic, Gordana Petovic-Oggiano, Marija Gavrovic-Jankulovic, Marija Glibetic, Milica Popovic
Urolithins (UROs) are metabolites derived from ellagic acid (EA) and ellagitannins (ETs) by gut microbiota after consumption of different ETs. The health effects attributed to UROs are numerous and diverse, ranging from antimalarial properties to anticancer activities and regulation of gene expression. The aim of this work was at assessing the effect of URO-A; -B; -C; -D on the oxidative status of colon epithelium using as a model colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco-2). No significant cytotoxic effects of UROs was noted, with the applied treatments...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535697/identification-of-peptides-present-in-sour-milk-whey-that-ameliorate-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-in-mice
#3
Kazuhito Ohsawa, Naoto Uchida, Kohji Ohki, Hidehiko Yokogoshi
Cognitive impairment is treated with cholinesterase inhibitors that slow cognitive decline but cause significant adverse effects. Functional foods that improve memory without such effects would therefore be valuable. We reported that unidentified components of sour milk whey produced by fermentations using Lactobacillus helveticus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae improved memory in a mouse model of scopolamine-induced memory impairment. Here, we show that casein-derived peptides were the most active components of orally administered fractions of this milk product...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521538/correction-to-raninen-lappi-kolehmainen-kolehmainen-mykk%C3%A3-nen-poutanen-and-raatikainen-diet-derived-changes-by-sourdough-fermented-rye-bread-in-exhaled-breath-aspiration-ion-mobility-spectrometry-profiles-in-individuals-with-mild-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502202/cooking-processes-increase-bioactive-compounds-in-organic-and-conventional-green-beans
#5
Giuseppina Pace Pereira Lima, Sergio Marques Costa, Kamila de Almeida Monaco, Maira Rodrigues Uliana, Roberto Morato Fernandez, Camila Renata Correa, Fabio Vianello, Luis Cisneros-Zevallos, Igor Otavio Minatel
The influence of cooking methods on chlorophyl, carotenoids, polyamines, polyphenols contents and antioxidant capacity were analyzed in organic and conventional green beans. The initial raw material had a higher content of chlorophyl and total phenolics in conventional green beans, whereas organic cultive favored flavonoid content and antioxidant capacity. Polyamines and carotenoids were similar for the two crop systems. After the cooking process, carotenoids (β-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin) increased. Microwave heating favored the enhancement of some polar compounds, whereas pressure cooking favored carotenoids...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460586/supplementation-with-6s-5-methyltetrahydrofolate-or-folic-acid-equally-reduces-serum-homocysteine-concentrations-in-older-adults
#6
Ewa Sicińska, Anna Brzozowska, Wojciech Roszkowski, Paul M Finglas
Folic acid (FA) supplementation reduces the elevated serum homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations. [6 S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6 S]-5-MTHF) is an alternative to FA due to possible advantages, that is, no masking cobalamin deficiency. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of [6 S]-5-MTHF in relations to FA supplementation in reducing the serum Hcy. Healthy volunteers, aged 50-65, had normal serum folate and did not use supplements with B-vitamins for 6 months. Forty subjects were divided into two groups: receiving 400 μg/d FA or the equimolar amount of [6 S]-5-MTHF...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460575/disparity-in-the-micronutrient-content-of-diets-high-or-low-in-advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-does-not-explain-changes-in-insulin-sensitivity
#7
Karma Pearce, Alicia Hatzinikolas, Lisa Moran, Maximilian P J de Courten, Josephine Forbes, Jean L J M Scheijen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Karen Walker, Barbora de Courten
We have previously shown that an isoenergetic low advanced glycation end products (AGEs) diet matched for macronutrient content improved insulin sensitivity compared to high AGE diet. Here, we evaluated the differences in micronutrient intake of these two dietary patterns and if they could explain differences in insulin sensitivity. Participants consumed the intervention diets each for 2 weeks with 4 weeks of habitual dietary intake (washout) in-between. Dietary analysis revealed that the high AGE diet contained greater levels of retinol equivalents (RE) (478...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446037/caffeine-coffee-and-appetite-control-a-review
#8
Matthew M Schubert, Christopher Irwin, Rebekah F Seay, Holly E Clarke, Deanne Allegro, Ben Desbrow
Coffee and caffeine consumption has global popularity. However, evidence for the potential of these dietary constituents to influence energy intake, gut physiology, and appetite perceptions remains unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence regarding coffee and caffeine's influence on energy intake and appetite control. The literature was examined for studies that assessed the effects of caffeine and coffee on energy intake, gastric emptying, appetite-related hormones, and perceptual measures of appetite...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438083/supplemental-feeding-of-a-gut-microbial-metabolite-of-linoleic-acid-10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic-acid-alleviates-spontaneous-atopic-dermatitis-and-modulates-intestinal-microbiota-in-nc-nga-mice
#9
Hiroko Kaikiri, Junki Miyamoto, Takahiro Kawakami, Si-Bum Park, Nahoko Kitamura, Shigenobu Kishino, Yasunori Yonejima, Keiko Hisa, Jun Watanabe, Tasuku Ogita, Jun Ogawa, Soichi Tanabe, Takuya Suzuki
The present study investigated the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects of 10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic acid (HYA), a novel gut microbial metabolite of linoleic acid, in NC/Nga mice, a model of atopic dermatitis (AD). Feeding HYA decreased the plasma immunoglobulin E level and skin infiltration of mast cells with a concomitant decrease in dermatitis score. HYA feeding decreased TNF-α and increased claudin-1, a tight junction protein, levels in the mouse skin. Cytokine expression levels in the skin and intestinal Peyer's patches cells suggested that HYA improved the Th1/Th2 balance in mice...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434257/ratio-of-serum-levels-of-ages-to-soluble-rage-is-correlated-with-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-non-diabetic-subjects
#10
Atsuko Tahara, Nobuhiro Tahara, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Akihiro Honda, Sachiyo Igata, Yoshikazu Nitta, Munehisa Bekki, Tomohisa Nakamura, Yoichi Sugiyama, Jiahui Sun, Masayoshi Takeuchi, Makiko Shimizu, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Kei Fukami, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
Trimethylamine (TMA), an intestinal microflora-dependent metabolite formed from phosphatidylcholine- and L-carnitine-rich food, such as red meat, is further converted to trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), which could play a role in cardiometabolic disease. Red meat-derived products are one of the major environmental sources of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that may also contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiometabolic disorders through the interaction with receptor for AGEs (RAGE). However, the relationship among AGEs, soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) and TMAO in humans remains unclear...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420279/responses-of-blood-mononucleated-cells-and-clinical-outcome-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitive-pediatric-patients-to-various-cereal-sources-a-pilot-study
#11
Patrizia Alvisi, Luigia De Fazio, Maria Chiara Valerii, Elena Cavazza, Angela Salerno, Doriana Lacorte, Giovanni Dinelli, Enzo Spisni
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a clinical entity recently documented by the scientific community in pediatric patients. Nevertheless, its triggering mechanisms remain largely unsettled. We studied 11 children with NCGS who were diagnosed based on a clear-cut relationship between wheat consumption and development of symptoms, after excluding celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy, matched with 18 children with active CD. Sixteen pediatric patients were also enrolled as controls. Cultured peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) obtained from NCGS, CD and control patients were cultured in the presence of wheat proteins extracted from ancient and modern cultivars...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420273/role-of-inflammation-in-the-association-between-the-western-dietary-pattern-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-lebanese-adults
#12
Farah Naja, Nitin Shivappa, Lara Nasreddine, Samer Kharroubi, Leila Itani, Nahla Hwalla, Abla Mehio Sibai, James R Hebert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether inflammation mediates the previously observed direct association between the western dietary pattern (WDP) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Lebanese adults. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, dietary pattern scores, anthropometric and biochemical data of 331 adults were used in this study. Inflammation indicators considered were: serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the dietary inflammatory index (DII). The scores of the WDP were significantly associated with DII (r = ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399674/optimization-and-validation-of-folin-ciocalteu-method-for-the-determination-of-total-polyphenol-content-of-pu-erh-tea
#13
Marilena Musci, Shicong Yao
Pu-erh tea is a post-fermented tea that has recently gained popularity worldwide, due to potential health benefits related to the antioxidant activity resulting from its high polyphenolic content. The Folin-Ciocalteu method is a simple, rapid, and inexpensive assay widely applied for the determination of total polyphenol content. Over the past years, it has been subjected to many modifications, often without any systematic optimization or validation. In our study, we sought to optimize the Folin-Ciocalteu method, evaluate quality parameters including linearity, precision and stability, and then apply the optimized model to determine the total polyphenol content of 57 Chinese teas, including green tea, aged and ripened Pu-erh tea...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393631/prebiotic-evaluation-of-red-seaweed-kappaphycus-alvarezii-using-in-vitro-colon-model
#14
Dayang Marshitah Bajury, Muhamad Hanif Rawi, Iqbal Hakim Sazali, Aminah Abdullah, Shahrul Razid Sarbini
Red seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) cultivated from Sabah (RSS) and Langkawi (RSL) were digested using in vitro mouth, gastric and duodenal model. The digested seaweed then fermented in a pH-controlled batch culture system inoculated with human faeces to mimic the distal colon. Bacterial enumeration were monitored using fluorescent in situ hybridisation, and the fermentation end products, the short chain fatty acids (SCFA), were analysed using HPLC. Both RSS and RSL showed significant increase of Bifidobacterium sp...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391736/effect-of-combined-consumption-of-lactobacillus-brevis-kb290-and-%C3%AE-carotene-on-minor-diarrhoea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-like-symptoms-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#15
Nobuo Fuke, Koichi Aizawa, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Tomohisa Takagi, Yuji Naito
People with non-pathological diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D)-like symptoms are present at a significant level even in healthy populations, but established prophylaxis is lacking. Previously, we have found that co-administration of Lactobacillus brevis KB290 (KB290) and β-carotene (βC) attenuated murine colitis (potential cause of IBS-D-like symptoms) significantly. Here, we investigated the effect of KB290 and βC on minor IBS-D-like symptoms in healthy volunteers. After a 4-week run-in period, subjects received a KB290 + βC or placebo capsule for 12 weeks, followed by a 4-week washout period...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391735/diet-derived-changes-by-sourdough-fermented-rye-bread-in-exhaled-breath-aspiration-ion-mobility-spectrometry-profiles-in-individuals-with-mild-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#16
Kaisa Raninen, Jenni Lappi, Mikko Kolehmainen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Hannu Mykkänen, Kaisa Poutanen, Olavi Raatikainen
The potential of utilising exhaled breath volatile organic compound (VOC) profiles in studying diet-derived metabolic changes was examined. After a four-week initial diet period with white wheat bread (WW), seven participants received in randomised order high-fibre diets containing sourdough whole grain rye bread (WGR) or white wheat bread enriched with bioprocessed rye bran (WW + BRB), both for 4 weeks. Alveolar exhaled breath samples were analysed with ChemPro(®)100i analyser (Environics OY, Mikkeli, Finland) at the end of each diet period in fasting state and after a standardised meal...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366101/validation-of-a-food-quantification-picture-book-and-portion-sizes-estimation-applying-perception-and-memory-methods
#17
J Szenczi-Cseh, Zs Horváth, Á Ambrus
We tested the applicability of EPIC-SOFT food picture series used in the context of a Hungarian food consumption survey gathering data for exposure assessment, and investigated errors in food portion estimation resulted from the visual perception and conceptualisation-memory. Sixty-two participants in three age groups (10 to <74 years) were presented with three different portion sizes of five foods. The results were considered acceptable if the relative difference between average estimated and actual weight obtained through the perception method was ≤25%, and the relative standard deviation of the individual weight estimates was <30% after compensating the effect of potential outliers with winsorisation...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367709/the-microbial-fermentation-characteristics-depend-on-both-carbohydrate-source-and-heat-processing-a-model-experiment-with-ileo-cannulated-pigs
#18
Tina Skau Nielsen, Henry Jørgensen, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen, Helle Nygaard Lærke
The effects of carbohydrate (CHO) source and processing (extrusion cooking) on large intestinal fermentation products were studied in ileo-cannulated pigs as a model for humans. Pigs were fed diets containing barley, pea or a mixture of potato starch:wheat bran (PSWB) either raw or extrusion cooked. Extrusion cooking reduced the amount of starch fermented in the large intestine by 52-96% depending on the CHO source and the total pool of butyrate in the distal small intestine + large intestine by on average 60% across diets...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359214/highly-bioavailable-nanocalcium-from-oyster-shell-for-preventing-osteoporosis-in-rats
#19
Yun-Kyung Lee, Sung Keun Jung, Yoon Hyuk Chang, Hae-Soo Kwak
Oyster shell is one of the foremost natural sources of calcium and is used as an alternative treatment for osteoporosis. In this study, we demonstrated that zinc-activated nanopowdered oyster shell (Zn-NPOS) effectively reduced bone loss compared with powdered oyster shell (POS) in an ovariectomized rat (OVX) model. As a result of nanosizing, the solubility and bioavailability of the oyster shell were greatly improved, and its effectiveness was further enhanced by zinc activation. Bone analysis indicated greater recovery from ovariectomy-induced bone loss following Zn-NPOS treatment...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335639/a-teachers-training-program-accompanying-the-school-fruit-scheme-fruit-distribution-improves-children-s-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-an-italian-trial
#20
Romana Roccaldo, Laura Censi, Laura D'Addezio, Sibilla Berni Canani, Laura Gennaro
The effects of a nutrition education program, led by trained teachers within the Italian School Fruit Scheme, were evaluated. Pre-post intervention children's adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed by the KIDMED test. A representative cluster sample of 494 fourth grade students from thirteen Italian schools in the three areas of low (North), medium (Centre) and high (South) prevalence of overweight and obesity was investigated. Within the same schools, the intervention group (n = 395) received the program, the control group (n = 99) did not...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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