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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Marta Cossu, Laura Chiavaroli, Margherita Dall'Asta, Veronica Francinelli, Francesca Scazzina, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast foods with lower glycaemic responses are associated with better body weight control. Glycaemic index (GI) values of some commonly consumed breakfast foods in Italy were determined and compared, along with macronutrients. Cakes/pastries were low-medium GI (44-60), with high-sugar and saturated fat and low-fibre. Generally, mueslis and breads were medium GI (62-66 and 59-76, respectively) with higher fibre and lower saturated fat and sugar. The addition of spreads to bread lowered GI (47-66) but increased sugar and saturated fat...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Francesca Scazzina, Barbara Marino, Olga Danyego, Fabrizio Fasano, Cinzia Di Dio, Lucia Riggio, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast consumption can entail nutritional advantages positively affecting food choices. This study investigated the effect of minor changes in breakfast composition on the perceived attributes of foods, both at breakfast and at lunchtime. Four breakfasts were defined considering nutritional and perceptual factors. Three breakfasts varied just for a single cereal-based chocolate-containing food item, while a control breakfast mimicked fasting conditions. Breakfast perception was assessed before and after consumption...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Maria Luisa Scalvedi, Aida Turrini, Anna Saba
Sustainable food consumption (SFC) policies need further investigation into eating habits to improve interventions to encourage shifting to new consumption patterns respectful of human rights, environment and health. Reversing the usual approach focussed on sustainable consumer, the present study investigates how different eating patterns relate to eco-sustainable food. A cluster analysis was carried out on consumption frequencies of food groups recorded in an Italian national survey on 3004 respondents, providing four eating habit segments, further investigated as for sustainable food attitude and behaviour...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Fang Huang, Clara Nilholm, Bodil Roth, Caroline Linninge, Peter Höglund, Margareta Nyman, Bodil Ohlsson
The Okinawan-based Nordic (O-BN) diet improves anthropometry and metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The aim of this study was to study mechanisms behind improvements by examining Enterobacteriaceae abundance, microbial diversity, and concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). A secondary aim was exploring if metformin treatment affects microbiota or SCFAs. Thirty T2DM patients received the O-BN diet for 12 weeks. Faecal and blood samples were collected at baseline, 12 and 28 weeks...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Nanao Ishida, Michiro Iizuka, Koichi Kataoka, Masafumi Okazaki, Kayo Shiraishi, Yusuke Yagi, Kohei Jobu, Junko Yokota, Masao Oishi, Hironori Moriyama, Tomoko Shimamura, Yoshihisa Matsumura, Hiroyuki Ukeda, Mitsuhiko Miyamura
Dyslipidaemia is a risk factor for arteriosclerosis. Recent studies have shown that dyslipidaemia is effectively prevented by various polyphenols. In this clinical study (UMIN trial: 000024028), we evaluated the beneficial effects of polyphenols contained in Goishi tea on blood lipid profiles. Seventy-seven subjects with LDL cholesterol (CHO) ≧120 mg/mL were randomly divided into two groups for 12 weeks of polyphenol intake as follows: the Goishi tea group for daily consumption of Goishi tea containing 122 mg of polyphenols and the placebo group for the corresponding consumption of a placebo drink containing 12...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
M Leshno, U Goldbourt, I Pinchuk, D Lichtenberg
AIM: The meta-analysis was conducted to estimate of the cardiovascular benefits of indiscriminate supplementation of omega-3 capsules. The results, expressed in terms of quality adjusted life years (QALY) intuitively understood by the general public, can be the basis for the (personal) decision on whether to take omega-3 supplements. METHODS: The results of meta-analysis of eight double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials are expressed in terms of QALY, using the Markov model and Monte Carlo simulations...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Naoyoshi Nishibori, Reina Kishibuchi, Kyoji Morita
Soymilk residue Okara is paid attention as a low-calorie foodstuff effective for the amelioration of obesity, and expected to have the potential ability to reduce calorie intake by suppressing the digestion and absorption of high-calorie nutrients in the intestinal tract. Then, the direct effect of Okara extract on lipase activity was examined, and this extract was shown to inhibit the enzyme activity. On the other hand, the spray-dried powder of Okara extract was suspended in a drinking water and given to mice fed with a high-fat diet...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Alexandru Filippi, Tiphanie Picot, Carmen Mariana Aanei, Péter Nagy, János Szöllősi, Lydia Campos, Constanţa Ganea, Maria-Magdalena Mocanu
In this study, we evaluated the effects of epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) in two cancer cell lines, A-431 overexpressing ErbB1 and SK-BR-3, overexpressing ErbB2. EGCG treatment showed dose-dependent collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, changes in nuclear morphology and reduced viability. Flow cytometry data indicated that EGCG partially decreases the phosphorylation of several proteins involved in cell proliferation and survival: pErbB1(Y1173, Y1068), pAkt(S473) and pERK(Y204)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Eden M Barrett, Yasmine C Probst, Eleanor J Beck
Extensive evidence supports health benefits of cereal fibre, however globally no national intake data exists. This study aimed to determine estimates of intake and food sources of cereal fibre, and relationships to dietary fibre intake in an Australian sample population. A cereal fibre database was applied to dietary intake data from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). Usual intake based on 2-day intake data was weighted to infer population results. Median daily cereal fibre intake was 6...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Yi Wu, Wenhui Liu, Qi Li, Yafei Li, Yali Yan, Fang Huang, Xin Wu, Quancheng Zhou, Xugang Shu, Zheng Ruan
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) has many biological properties, including antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and is one of the most abundant phenolic acids available in the human diet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CGA on regulation of the gut microbiota, and on the levels of free amino acids and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin). Ninety-six healthy growing pigs were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: the Ctrl group (control group, standard feed) and the CGA group [standard feed plus 0...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Federica Giusti, Giovanni Caprioli, Massimo Ricciutelli, Elisabetta Torregiani, Sauro Vittori, Gianni Sagratini
Consumption of legumes has become popular among health-conscious consumers due to the high levels of nutrients such as proteins, dietary fibres, minerals, vitamins and micronutrients like polyphenols. Ten legumes cultivars organically and conventionally grown were compared regarding their chemical profiles in terms of total phenolic content (TPC), total anthocyanin content (TAC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and their antioxidant capacity. The chemical profiles (i.e. free phenolics and anthocyanins) were determined with aid of new high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) method able to identify two individual anthocyanins and 15 polyphenols...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Gianluca Giuberti, Mauro Morlacchini, Luca Crippa, Jessica Capraro, Beatrice Paganini, Antonio Gallo, Filippo Rossi
The purpose of this study was to observe, in a rat animal model, the short and medium term effects of vegan (VEG) or omnivorous (OMNI) diets with different energy partition between nutrients (zone or classic). Six different diets were administered, for 72 days to 120 growing male Sprague-Dawley rats: (i) VEG zone diet; (ii) VEG classic diet; (iii) OMNI zone diet; (iv) OMNI classic diet; (v) OMNI zone diet with added fibre and (vi) OMNI classic diet with added fibre. Zone diets (high protein and low carbohydrates), resulted in better growth , feed efficiency, lower blood glucose and insulin responses...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Arianna Sasso, Giovanni Latella
Western-style diets are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In particular, a strong correlation has been documented between CRC and the consumption of large amounts of red meat, especially processed red meat. Compared with white meat, red meat contains high levels of haem iron, a molecule that can exert a variety of genotoxic and other adverse effects on the colonic epithelium. According to current international guidelines, the reduction of red meat intake combined with the consumption of food containing antioxidant and chemoprotective substances may significantly reduce the risk of developing CRC...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Emmanuel E Egom, Rebabonye B Pharithi, Haaris A Shiwani, Barkat Khan, Peter Kruzliak, Yassine El-Hiani, Vincent Maher
Obesity is a complex condition classically characterised by excessive body fat accumulation and represents one of the most important public health problems worldwide. Although several epidemiological studies have shown that elevated BMI is associated with higher morbidity, and with increased rate of death from all causes and from cardiovascular disease, accumulating evidence suggests that being overweight or obese may be protective (the so-called obesity paradox), at least in chronic diseases. These observations, not only question the validity of the BMI system, but also raise the intriguing question of whether we should redefine what the normal range of BMI is in individuals suffering from a chronic disease...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Gabriele Mocciaro, Nida Ziauddeen, Justyna Godos, Marina Marranzano, Mei-Yen Chan, Sumantra Ray
Current evidence suggests a beneficial effect of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on human health. This has led to a rise in studies investigating the role of the MD in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention outside the region of its origin. We aimed to outline the evolving understanding of the MD and to provide an overview of adherence to MD in non-Mediterranean countries and the modulatory effects of MD on CVD biomarkers. Evidence suggest that MD may exert a protective effect on CVD via ameliorating blood lipid profile and blood pressure...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Armando Platania, Gaetano Zappala, Maria Ugo Mirabella, Carmelo Gullo, Giulio Mellini, Guglielmo Beneventano, Giuseppe Maugeri, Marina Marranzano
The aim of the present study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence and dyslipidaemia in a cohort of adults living in the Mediterranean area. The cross-sectional study comprised a total sample of 2044 men and women, aged >18 years old from southern Italy. The Mediterranean diet adherence was assessed using a validated score (MEDI-LITE score). Clinical data were investigated and anthropometric examinations were collected using standardised methods. Among included individuals, 18...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Camilla Signorini, Aristodemo Carpen, Luigi Coletto, Gigliola Borgonovo, Elisabetta Galanti, Jessica Capraro, Chiara Magni, Ambra Abate, Stuart K Johnson, Marcello Duranti, Alessio Scarafoni
Fermentation represents a valuable and cost-effective approach for food stabilisation and nutritional improvement. Tempeh is an example of soybean solid-state fermentation. In this work, we investigated the possibility of producing a tempeh analogue containing high amounts of vitamin B12 using seeds of three different species of the legume lupin, namely Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. mutabilis, with Rhizopus oligosporus and Propionibacterium freudenreichii cofermentation. Synergic effects of Rhizopus and Propionibacterium in increasing vitamin B12 up to 1230 ng/g dw was observed...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Emily J Watson, Alison M Coates, Siobhan Banks, Mark Kohler
This study aimed to compare sugar intake in Australian children with current guidelines and determine if total sugar consumption as a percentage of energy (sugar %E) exacerbates the relationship between sleep and behaviour. A sample of 287 children aged 8-12 years (boys 48.8%, age: 10.7 ± 1.3 years), and their parents/guardians completed a battery of questionnaires. Children completed a food frequency questionnaire, and parents completed demographic, sleep, and behaviour questionnaires. Average sugar intake was 134...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
D Brandão, L Ribeiro
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and its pathogenesis is proven to be related with dietary patterns, namely dietary fatty acid (FA) intake. We reviewed the evidences regarding the effect of different dietary FAs on human CRC cell lines proliferation and apoptosis. Altogether, the results obtained from in vitro studies show that monounsaturated FAs lack evidence regarding both proliferation and apoptosis, whereas there is a consensus about the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects, involving different intracellular targets, of n-3 polyunsaturated FAs, while n-6 series show a similar effect or no effects...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Amanda Alves Marcelino da Silva, Mayara Matias Oliveira, Taisy Cinthia Ferro Cavalcante, Larissa Cavalcanti do Amaral Almeida, Paula Luiza Menezes Cruz, Sandra Lopes de Souza
Undernutrition promotes morphofunctional adaptations in neuroanatomical circuits, leading to behavioural changes. Adolescence is a period of vulnerability for these adaptations, such as the control of food intake and the serotonergic system. The serotonergic system is capable of promoting satiety. However, its role in hedonic control has not been fully elucidated. The involvement of the 5-HT6 receptor in motivational feeding behaviours was recently observed. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a 5-HT6 receptor agonist on food intake and neuronal activation in areas of the reward system in adolescent rats subjected to perinatal protein undernutrition...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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