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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819993/lactobacillus-helveticus-fermented-milk-containing-lactononadecapeptide-nippltqtpvvvppflqpe-improves-cognitive-function-in-healthy-middle-aged-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Kazuhito Ohsawa, Fumiya Nakamura, Naoto Uchida, Seiichi Mizuno, Hidehiko Yokogoshi
This study aimed to determine the effects of a Lactobacillus helveticus-fermented milk drink containing lactononadecapeptide (NIPPLTQTPVVVPPFLQPE) on the cognitive function of healthy middle-aged adults. A randomised, double-blind controlled study was conducted in healthy participants who were randomly assigned to receive a L. helveticus-fermented milk drink (190 g/day) or the equivalent amount of a placebo drink once a day for eight weeks. Cognitive function was evaluated using the Japanese version of the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS) test...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817999/correction-to-fuke-aizawa-suganuma-takagi-and-naito-effect-of-combined-consumption-of-lactobacillus-brevis-kb290-and-%C3%AE-carotene-on-minor-diarrhoea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-like-symptoms-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805091/a-comparison-of-two-low-calorie-sweeteners-and-sugar-in-dark-chocolate-on-sensory-attributes-and-emotional-conceptualisations
#3
Sofie Lagast, Hans De Steur, Joachim J Schouteten, Xavier Gellynck
Reducing sugar consumption is an important aspect in the prevention of and fight against obesity. A broader understanding of consumers' perceptions of low-calorie sweeteners is needed. This study examined two low-calorie sweeteners, tagatose and stevia, in comparison to sugar in dark chocolate. A total of 219 consumers participated in this study and rated overall liking and sensory attributes. Participants also listed their emotional conceptualisations upon consumption and were assessed on emotional eating behaviour and health and taste attitudes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789576/association-between-tea-and-coffee-consumption-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-poland-results-from-the-wobasz-ii-study-2013-2014
#4
Agnieszka Micek, Giuseppe Grosso, Maciej Polak, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Tykarski, Aleksandra Puch Walczak, Wojciech Drygas, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Andrzej Pająk
The study aimed to assess a relationship between tea and coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cross-sectional study of a random sample of total Polish population was done (The WOBASZ II Study), and the present analysis included 5146 participants at age 20 years and above. Tea and coffee consumption was assessed by 24-h recall method. MetS was defined according to IDF/NHLBI/AHA criteria. After adjustment for covariates, coffee consumption was related to blood pressure and HDL cholesterol, and moderate drinkers had 17% lower odds of MetS compared with non-drinkers (OR = 0...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776449/discovery-and-biological-relevance-of-3-4-didehydroretinol-vitamin-a2-in-small-indigenous-fish-species-and-its-potential-as-a-dietary-source-for-addressing-vitamin-a-deficiency
#5
Michael R La Frano, Yimeng Cai, Betty J Burri, Shakuntala H Thilsted
Discovered in the late 1920s, 3,4-didehydroretinol (DROL, vitamin A2) plays a significant biological role in freshwater fish. The functions of this vitamin have been investigated but to a far lesser extent than those of retinol (ROL, vitamin A1). A recent study indicating all-trans DROL has 119-127% vitamin A biological activity compared to that of all-trans ROL suggests the significance of DROL for addressing vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in comparison to ROL may be currently overlooked. Freshwater fish such as small indigenous fish species (SIS), with high DROL content can be a promising dietary source for reducing VAD in areas where SIS are readily available and consumed...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776446/vegetable-relishes-high-in-%C3%AE-carotene-increase-the-iron-zinc-and-%C3%AE-carotene-nutritive-values-from-cereal-porridges
#6
Johanita Kruger, Annelies Breynaert, Luc Pieters, Nina Hermans
Iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies are serious public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa, which can be alleviated by dietary diversification. The effects of adding cowpea leaf (CL) and orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) relishes to sorghum and maize porridges on iron, zinc and β-carotene contents and bioaccessibilities were determined. Despite the high iron content of the CL relish (14.59 mg/100 g), the vegetable relishes had little effect on the iron bioaccessibility from the cereal porridges. Importantly, the addition of the CL relish increased the percentage and amount of bioaccessible zinc 2- and 3-fold, respectively...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770644/the-combined-effect-of-sango-sprout-juice-and-caloric-restriction-on-metabolic-disorders-and-gut-microbiota-composition-in-an-obesity-model
#7
Fabio Vivarelli, Donatella Canistro, Clara Babot Marquillas, Silvia Cirillo, Gina R De Nicola, Renato Iori, Giacomo Biagi, Carlo Pinna, Fabio Gentilini, Luisa Pozzo, Vincenzo Longo, Moreno Paolini
The main purpose of this study was to compare the benefits of SSJ supplementation in obese rats with those achieved only by switching the alimentary regimen from high-fat (HFD) to the regular one (RD) in liver, ileum and prostate. Furthermore, changings in caecal chime microbiota were investigated. SSJ was administered to rats in combination with a RD (HFD-RD + SSJ). The switch from HFD to RD led to a weight loss of almost 9.8 g, and the total cholesterol was found to be significantly lower. In the HFD-RD + SSJ group, all values were improved compared with the HFD control, and the weight decrement was higher (-23...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770639/the-preventive-effects-of-nanopowdered-red-ginseng-on-collagen-induced-arthritic-mice
#8
Yun-Kyung Lee, Kyung-Hoon Choi, Hae-Soo Kwak, Yoon Hyuk Chang
This study was carried out to investigate the efficiency of red ginseng nanopowder in preventing collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. The mice were divided into five groups: normal group (no immunisation), control (CIA), powdered red ginseng (PRG), nanopowdered red ginseng (NRG) and methotrexate (MTX). Administering MTX, PRG and NRG to arthritic mice significantly decreased spleen indexes, clinical and histological scores compared to control group. Serum analysis of NRG and MTX groups showed a reduction in the cytokines such as the levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in comparison to PRG group...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738702/combined-effects-of-whey-protein-hydrolysates-and-probiotics-on-oxidative-stress-induced-by-an-iron-overloaded-diet-in-rats
#9
Eunju Park, Hyun-Dong Paik, Seung-Min Lee
Whey proteins possess antioxidant properties, and probiotics have various health-promoting effects. We investigated the effects of whey protein hydrolysates (WPHs) and probiotics in rats exposed to oxidative stress induced by iron-overload diet (IOL). Rats were divided into control (CTRL), IOL (0.2% ferrous sulphate), WPH (10%), probiotic (PB) mixture (Lactococcus lactis NK34 and B. polyfermenticus SCD), and WPH + PB group for 6 weeks. Average leukocytes and colonocytes tail moments were increased in IOL compared to CTRL but decreased in other groups...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738703/losses-of-nutrients-and-anti-nutrients-in-red-and-white-sorghum-cultivars-after-decorticating-in-optimised-conditions
#10
María Gimena Galán, Emilce Elina Llopart, Silvina Rosa Drago
The aims were to optimise pearling process of red and white sorghum by assessing the effects of pearling time and grain moisture on endosperm yield and flour ash content and to assess nutrient and anti-nutrient losses produced by pearling different cultivars in optimised conditions. Both variables significantly affected both responses. Losses of ashes (58%), proteins (9.5%), lipids (54.5%), Na (37%), Mg (48.5%) and phenolic compounds (43%) were similar among red and white hybrids. However, losses of P (30% vs...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738701/association-of-the-bitter-taste-receptor-gene-tas2r38-polymorphism-rs713598-with-sensory-responsiveness-food-preferences-biochemical-parameters-and-body-composition-markers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italy
#11
Simone Perna, Antonella Riva, Giada Nicosanti, Maura Carrai, Roberto Barale, Beatrice Vigo, Pietro Allegrini, Mariangela Rondanelli
This study examined the relationship between TAS2R38 gene polymorphism (RS713598), G/G, C/G or C/C genotype, and sensory responsiveness, food preferences, biochemical parameters and body composition in a cross-sectional study in 118 adults (24 men and 94 women). The frequencies of C/C, G/G and C/G were respectively 20.3%, 29.7% and 50.0%. As regards taste responsiveness, subjects with G-allele had a higher perception threshold than the C/C genotype for 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PROP) (p < .05), and caffeine (p < ...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728453/incomplete-metabolism-of-phytoestrogens-by-gut-microbiota-from-children-under-the-age-of-three
#12
Pilar Gaya, Abel Sánchez-Jiménez, Ángela Peirotén, Margarita Medina, José Maria Landete
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived polyphenols with structural and functional similarities to mammalian oestrogens. The aim of this work was to study the metabolism of phytoestrogens by children's intestinal microbiota and to compare it with previous results in adults. Faecal samples of 24 healthy children were subjected to phytoestrogen fermentation assay. Only one child produced equol, while O-desmethylangolensin was found in all. Urolithin production was detected in 14 children and enterolactone in 10. Further comparison with the metabolism of phytoestrogens by adult intestinal microbiota reflected that glycitein, dihydrogenistein, urolithins D and E, enterolactone, secoisolariciresinol and arctigenin were the most important metabolites differentiating between adult and child microbial gut metabolism...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720006/correction-to-vitale-bianchi-rapetti-pepe-giacco-giacco-and-riccardi-a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705075/higher-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-inversely-associated-with-having-hypertension-is-low-salt-intake-a-mediating-factor
#14
Melania La Verde, Serena Mulè, Gaetano Zappalà, Gaetano Privitera, Giuseppe Maugeri, Francesco Pecora, Marina Marranzano
Blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for population health worldwide and a preventable disease through lifestyle modification. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and occurrence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 adults were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and a MD adherence score were used to assess exposure variables...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697636/increasing-dietary-epa-and-dha-influence-estimated-fatty-acid-desaturase-activity-in-systemic-organs-which-is-reflected-in-the-red-blood-cell-in-mice
#15
Emily A Davidson, C Austin Pickens, Jenifer I Fenton
Delta-5 (D5D) and delta-6 (D6D) desaturase are key enzymes in fatty acid (FA) metabolism. Dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may alter tissue FA composition via D5D and D6D. The purpose was to determine the relationship between dietary EPA + DHA, estimated desaturase activities of various tissues and the reflection of desaturase activity in the red blood cell (RBC). Mice were fed diets with increasing percent of energy from EPA + DHA. Phospholipid FA composition of heart, muscle, spleen, lung, adipose tissues and RBC were analysed...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691595/application-of-hydrolases-and-probiotic-pediococcus-acidilactici-baltbio01-strain-for-cereal-by-products-conversion-to-bioproduct-for-food-feed
#16
Elena Bartkiene, Vadims Bartkevics, Vita Krungleviciute, Grazina Juodeikiene, Daiva Zadeike, Violeta Baliukoniene, Bronius Bakutis, Rasa Zelvyte, Antonello Santini, Dalia Cizeikiene
The aim of this study was to apply the enzymatic treatment and fermentation by Pediococcus acidilactici BaltBio01 strain for industrial cereal by-products conversion to food/feed bioproducts with high amount of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). LAB propagated in potato media and spray-dried remained viable during 12 months (7.0 log10 cfu/g) of storage and was used as a starter for cereal by-products fermentation. The changes of microbial profile, biogenic amines (BAs), mycotoxins, lactic acid (L(+)/D(-)), lignans and alkylresorcinols (ARs) contents in fermented cereal by-product were analysed...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691544/the-effect-of-plant-sterol-enriched-turkey-meat-on-cholesterol-bio-accessibility-during-in-vitro-digestion-and-caco-2-cell-uptake
#17
S Grasso, S M Harrison, F J Monahan, D Brayden, N P Brunton
This study evaluated the effect of a plant sterol-enriched turkey product on cholesterol bio-accessibility during in vitro digestion and cholesterol uptake by Caco-2 monolayers. Turkey products, one plant sterol-enriched (PS) and one plant sterol-free (C), were produced in an industrial pilot plant. Before simulated digestion, matrices were spiked with cholesterol (1:5 weight ratio of cholesterol to plant sterol). Plant sterols were included at a concentration equivalent to the minimum daily intake recommended by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) for cholesterol lowering...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691541/effects-of-hazelnuts-and-cocoa-on-vascular-reactivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-study
#18
Michela Adamo, Antonio Maria Labate, Anna Ferrulli, Concetta Macrì, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Cocoa helps maintain endothelium-dependent vasodilation; consumption of hazelnuts has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This study assesses the effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity and metabolic profile. Sixty-one healthy volunteers, examined in a randomised, controlled, two-week intervention, received one of six breakfast integrations containing either hazelnuts, cocoa, both or none. Consumption of unpeeled hazelnuts improved HDL-cholesterol (+7.3%, p = .01 vs. baseline, p = ...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683582/extending-viability-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-and-lactobacillus-johnsonii-by-microencapsulation-in-alginate-microgels
#19
Kendra A Tiani, Timothy W Yeung, D Julian McClements, David A Sela
AIM: To investigate whether microencapsulation of Lactobacillus in alginate microbeads will lead to increased longevity during refrigerated storage or simulated digestion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microscopy was used to confirm that Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC BAA-793 and Lactobacillus johnsonii ATCC 33200 were immobilised within the microbeads and laser scattering analysis was used to determine the mean diameter of the microbeads. The number of viable cells were enumerated throughout refrigerated storage and simulated digestion experiments...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675945/impact-of-dietary-fat-on-gut-microbiota-and-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications-on-obesity
#20
Flávia Galvão Cândido, Flávia Xavier Valente, Łukasz Marcin Grześkowiak, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Daniela Mayumi Usuda Prado Rocha, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas
Dietary fat strongly affects human health by modulating gut microbiota composition and low-grade systemic inflammation. High-fat diets have been implicated in reduced gut microbiota richness, increased Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio, and several changes at family, genus and species levels. Saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA), polyunsaturated (PUFA) and conjugated linolenic fatty acids share important pathways of immune system activation/inhibition with gut microbes, modulating obesogenic and proinflammatory profiles...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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