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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635340/from-seed-to-cooked-pasta-influence-of-traditional-and-non-conventional-transformation-processes-on-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-phenolic-acid-content
#1
Daniela Martini, Roberto Ciccoritti, Isabella Nicoletti, Francesca Nocente, Danilo Corradini, Maria Grazia D'Egidio, Federica Taddei
The aim of this work was to compare the traditional with a non-conventional (i.e. kernel micronisation) durum wheat milling process by monitoring the content of bound, conjugated and free phenolic acids (PAs) and the level of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) occurring in the durum wheat pasta production chain, from seed to cooked pasta. The traditional transformation processes negatively influenced TAC and PA content (40% and 89% decrease from seed to cooked pasta, respectively), mainly during the milling process (25% and 84% decrease of TAC and PA, respectively), which has been related to the removal of external layers of kernels...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614986/higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-prior-to-pregnancy-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-deviation-from-the-maternal-recommended-gestational-weight-gain
#2
Antonios E Koutelidakis, Olga Alexatou, Savvina Kousaiti, Elisavet Gkretsi, George Vasios, Anastasia Sampani, Maria Tolia, Dimitrios N Kiortsis, Constantinos Giaginis
The present retrospective study was conducted on 1482 women in order to evaluate whether their pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet may affect maternal gestational weight gain (GWG). For this purpose, the study population was classified according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations concerning GWG. Pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with 11 food patterns groups based on their contribution in the Mediterranean diet pyramid. Women with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet were more frequently characterised by GWG inside the IOM recommendations...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#3
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610456/consumer-heterogeneity-in-sugar-consumption-with-special-reference-to-fat-and-cholesterol-intake
#4
Jebaraj Asirvatham, Paul E McNamara
Consumers make dietary choices based on information they have. This study examines consumer choice of food products considering the healthfulness of multiple nutrients. We focus on high levels of sugars because higher levels of intake are associated with adverse health and nutritional outcomes. We find an important association of sugar consumption with the healthfulness of a diet based on saturated fat intake and cholesterol intake. Consumers making healthier choices in one nutrient are not making healthier choices on other nutrients...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583046/influence-of-roasting-on-the-chemopreventive-potential-of-in-vitro-fermented-almonds-in-lt97-colon-adenoma-cells
#5
Wiebke Schlörmann, Sonja Fischer, Christian Saupe, Tülin Dinc, Stefan Lorkowski, Michael Glei
The consumption of almonds may contribute to the prevention of colon cancer due to their unique composition of health promoting compounds. Since almonds are often consumed roasted, the impact of different roasting (R) conditions (R1 = 139.2 °C/25 min, R2 = 161.5 °C/20 min and R3 = 170.8 °C/15 min) on chemopreventive effects of in vitro-fermented almonds was analysed in LT97 colon adenoma cells. Fermentation supernatants (FS) of raw and roasted almonds had no genotoxic effects. FS obtained from raw or mildly roasted almonds (R1) significantly increased mRNA levels of CAT (4...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562133/dietary-nitrate-does-not-modify-blood-pressure-and-cardiac-output-at-rest-and-during-exercise-in-older-adults-a-randomised-cross-over-study
#6
C Oggioni, D G Jakovljevic, M Klonizakis, A W Ashor, A Ruddock, M Ranchordas, E Williams, M Siervo
Dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation has been associated with improved vascular and metabolic health. We conducted a double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled RCT to investigate the effects of 7-d consumption of beetroot juice compared with placebo on (1) blood pressure (BP) measured in resting conditions and during exercise, (2) cardiac and peripheral vascular function and (3) biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial integrity. Twenty non-smoking healthy participants aged 60-75 years and BMI 20...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562127/effect-of-pre-treatment-on-in-vitro-gastric-digestion-of-quinoa-protein-chenopodium-quinoa-willd-obtained-by-wet-and-dry-fractionation
#7
M Opazo-Navarrete, M A I Schutyser, R M Boom, A E M Janssen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562120/mediterranean-diet-adherence-in-the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-aging-and-lifestyle-meal-study-cohort
#8
Stefano Marventano, Justyna Godos, Alessio Platania, Fabio Galvano, Antonio Mistretta, Giuseppe Grosso
A decline in adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern has been observed over the last years. The aim of this study was to assess the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and possible determinants in the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Aging and Lifestyle (MEAL) study cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 individuals were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and the MEDI-LITE score were used to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554270/dephosphorylation-of-myo-inositol-phosphates-in-the-in-vitro-intestinal-caco-2-cell-model
#9
Karlis Briviba, Margit Schollenberger, Markus Rodehutscord, Ralf Greiner
Plant and microbial phytases present in raw materials can cause a dephosphorylation of phytate (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate) (InsP6)) during food processing resulting in a broad range of different myo-inositol phosphates such as pentakisphosphate (InsP5) and tetrakisphosphate (InsP4) in foods. Here, we investigated whether the human intestinal epithelium is able to dephosphorylate myo-inositol phosphates (InsP6, InsP5-, InsP4-, InsP3-isomers) using an in vitro model with differentiated human Caco-2 cells cultured on semipermeable inserts...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545315/relationship-between-sleep-pattern-and-efficacy-of-calorie-restricted-mediterranean-diet-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#10
Giuditta Pagliai, Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
The association between the sleep pattern and the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet in people with overweight/obesity has been investigated in this study. Four hundred and three subjects were provided with a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet and followed for 9 months. Personal information, including sleep pattern, was obtained at the baseline. Body weight and composition were measured every 3 months. Poor sleepers reported to have significantly (p < .05) higher BMI and fat mass percentage than good sleepers...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535698/effect-of-urolithins-on-oxidative-stress-of-colorectal-adenocarcinomacells-caco-2
#11
Milica Kojadinovic, Aleksandra Arsic, Gordana Petovic-Oggiano, Marija Gavrovic-Jankulovic, Marija Glibetic, Milica Popovic
Urolithins (UROs) are metabolites derived from ellagic acid (EA) and ellagitannins (ETs) by gut microbiota after consumption of different ETs. The health effects attributed to UROs are numerous and diverse, ranging from antimalarial properties to anticancer activities and regulation of gene expression. The aim of this work was at assessing the effect of URO-A; -B; -C; -D on the oxidative status of colon epithelium using as a model colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco-2). No significant cytotoxic effects of UROs was noted, with the applied treatments...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535697/identification-of-peptides-present-in-sour-milk-whey-that-ameliorate-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-in-mice
#12
Kazuhito Ohsawa, Naoto Uchida, Kohji Ohki, Hidehiko Yokogoshi
Cognitive impairment is treated with cholinesterase inhibitors that slow cognitive decline but cause significant adverse effects. Functional foods that improve memory without such effects would therefore be valuable. We reported that unidentified components of sour milk whey produced by fermentations using Lactobacillus helveticus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae improved memory in a mouse model of scopolamine-induced memory impairment. Here, we show that casein-derived peptides were the most active components of orally administered fractions of this milk product...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521538/correction-to-raninen-lappi-kolehmainen-kolehmainen-mykk%C3%A3-nen-poutanen-and-raatikainen-diet-derived-changes-by-sourdough-fermented-rye-bread-in-exhaled-breath-aspiration-ion-mobility-spectrometry-profiles-in-individuals-with-mild-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502202/cooking-processes-increase-bioactive-compounds-in-organic-and-conventional-green-beans
#14
Giuseppina Pace Pereira Lima, Sergio Marques Costa, Kamila de Almeida Monaco, Maira Rodrigues Uliana, Roberto Morato Fernandez, Camila Renata Correa, Fabio Vianello, Luis Cisneros-Zevallos, Igor Otavio Minatel
The influence of cooking methods on chlorophyl, carotenoids, polyamines, polyphenols contents and antioxidant capacity were analyzed in organic and conventional green beans. The initial raw material had a higher content of chlorophyl and total phenolics in conventional green beans, whereas organic cultive favored flavonoid content and antioxidant capacity. Polyamines and carotenoids were similar for the two crop systems. After the cooking process, carotenoids (β-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin) increased. Microwave heating favored the enhancement of some polar compounds, whereas pressure cooking favored carotenoids...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460586/supplementation-with-6s-5-methyltetrahydrofolate-or-folic-acid-equally-reduces-serum-homocysteine-concentrations-in-older-adults
#15
Ewa Sicińska, Anna Brzozowska, Wojciech Roszkowski, Paul M Finglas
Folic acid (FA) supplementation reduces the elevated serum homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations. [6 S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6 S]-5-MTHF) is an alternative to FA due to possible advantages, that is, no masking cobalamin deficiency. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of [6 S]-5-MTHF in relations to FA supplementation in reducing the serum Hcy. Healthy volunteers, aged 50-65, had normal serum folate and did not use supplements with B-vitamins for 6 months. Forty subjects were divided into two groups: receiving 400 μg/d FA or the equimolar amount of [6 S]-5-MTHF...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460575/disparity-in-the-micronutrient-content-of-diets-high-or-low-in-advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-does-not-explain-changes-in-insulin-sensitivity
#16
Karma Pearce, Alicia Hatzinikolas, Lisa Moran, Maximilian P J de Courten, Josephine Forbes, Jean L J M Scheijen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Karen Walker, Barbora de Courten
We have previously shown that an isoenergetic low advanced glycation end products (AGEs) diet matched for macronutrient content improved insulin sensitivity compared to high AGE diet. Here, we evaluated the differences in micronutrient intake of these two dietary patterns and if they could explain differences in insulin sensitivity. Participants consumed the intervention diets each for 2 weeks with 4 weeks of habitual dietary intake (washout) in-between. Dietary analysis revealed that the high AGE diet contained greater levels of retinol equivalents (RE) (478...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446037/caffeine-coffee-and-appetite-control-a-review
#17
Matthew M Schubert, Christopher Irwin, Rebekah F Seay, Holly E Clarke, Deanne Allegro, Ben Desbrow
Coffee and caffeine consumption has global popularity. However, evidence for the potential of these dietary constituents to influence energy intake, gut physiology, and appetite perceptions remains unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence regarding coffee and caffeine's influence on energy intake and appetite control. The literature was examined for studies that assessed the effects of caffeine and coffee on energy intake, gastric emptying, appetite-related hormones, and perceptual measures of appetite...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438083/supplemental-feeding-of-a-gut-microbial-metabolite-of-linoleic-acid-10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic-acid-alleviates-spontaneous-atopic-dermatitis-and-modulates-intestinal-microbiota-in-nc-nga-mice
#18
Hiroko Kaikiri, Junki Miyamoto, Takahiro Kawakami, Si-Bum Park, Nahoko Kitamura, Shigenobu Kishino, Yasunori Yonejima, Keiko Hisa, Jun Watanabe, Tasuku Ogita, Jun Ogawa, Soichi Tanabe, Takuya Suzuki
The present study investigated the antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects of 10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic acid (HYA), a novel gut microbial metabolite of linoleic acid, in NC/Nga mice, a model of atopic dermatitis (AD). Feeding HYA decreased the plasma immunoglobulin E level and skin infiltration of mast cells with a concomitant decrease in dermatitis score. HYA feeding decreased TNF-α and increased claudin-1, a tight junction protein, levels in the mouse skin. Cytokine expression levels in the skin and intestinal Peyer's patches cells suggested that HYA improved the Th1/Th2 balance in mice...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434257/ratio-of-serum-levels-of-ages-to-soluble-rage-is-correlated-with-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-non-diabetic-subjects
#19
Atsuko Tahara, Nobuhiro Tahara, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Akihiro Honda, Sachiyo Igata, Yoshikazu Nitta, Munehisa Bekki, Tomohisa Nakamura, Yoichi Sugiyama, Jiahui Sun, Masayoshi Takeuchi, Makiko Shimizu, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Kei Fukami, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
Trimethylamine (TMA), an intestinal microflora-dependent metabolite formed from phosphatidylcholine- and L-carnitine-rich food, such as red meat, is further converted to trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), which could play a role in cardiometabolic disease. Red meat-derived products are one of the major environmental sources of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that may also contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiometabolic disorders through the interaction with receptor for AGEs (RAGE). However, the relationship among AGEs, soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) and TMAO in humans remains unclear...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420279/responses-of-blood-mononucleated-cells-and-clinical-outcome-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitive-pediatric-patients-to-various-cereal-sources-a-pilot-study
#20
Patrizia Alvisi, Luigia De Fazio, Maria Chiara Valerii, Elena Cavazza, Angela Salerno, Doriana Lacorte, Giovanni Dinelli, Enzo Spisni
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a clinical entity recently documented by the scientific community in pediatric patients. Nevertheless, its triggering mechanisms remain largely unsettled. We studied 11 children with NCGS who were diagnosed based on a clear-cut relationship between wheat consumption and development of symptoms, after excluding celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy, matched with 18 children with active CD. Sixteen pediatric patients were also enrolled as controls. Cultured peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) obtained from NCGS, CD and control patients were cultured in the presence of wheat proteins extracted from ancient and modern cultivars...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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