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Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801205/recombinant-laminin-fragments-endowed-with-collagen-binding-activity-a-tool-for-conferring-laminin-like-cell-adhesive-activity-to-collagen-matrices
#1
Ryoko Sato-Nishiuchi, Shaoliang Li, Fumi Ebisu, Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi
Laminins are major components of basement membranes that sustain a wide variety of stem cells. Among 15 laminin isoforms, laminin-511 and its E8 fragment (LM511E8) have been shown to strongly promote the adhesion and proliferation of human pluripotent stem cells. The aim of this study was to endow the cell-adhesive activity of laminin-511 on collagen matrices, thereby fabricating collagen-based culture scaffolds for stem cells with defined composition. To achieve this goal, we utilized the collagen-binding domain (CBD) of fibronectin to immobilize LM511E8 on collagen matrices...
August 8, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797712/estrogen-receptor-beta-as-epigenetic-mediator-of-mir-10b-and-mir-145-in-mammary-cancer
#2
Zoi Piperigkou, Marco Franchi, Martin Götte, Nikos K Karamanos
Even though the role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) in the modulation of breast cancer cells' behavior is thoroughly studied, the biological functions of its isoform, ERβ, are less elucidated. The suppression of ERβ in the aggressive ERα-negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells resulted in the inhibition of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and major changes in the basic functional properties and expression levels of certain matrix components of breast cancer cells. This arrest in metastatic potential of breast cancer cells suggests the contribution of ERβ in the induction of a more aggressive phenotype in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells...
August 8, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797711/identification-of-a-myofibroblast-specific-expression-signature-in-skin-wounds
#3
Vera Bergmeier, Julia Etich, Lena Pitzler, Christian Frie, Manuel Koch, Matthias Fischer, Gunter Rappl, Hinrich Abken, James J Tomasek, Bent Brachvogel
After skin injury fibroblasts migrate into the wound and transform into contractile, extracellular matrix-producing myofibroblasts to promote skin repair. Persistent activation of myofibroblasts can cause excessive fibrotic reactions, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We used SMA-GFP transgenic mice to study myofibroblast recruitment and activation in skin wounds. Myofibroblasts were initially recruited to wounds three days post injury, their number reached a maximum after seven days and subsequently declined...
August 7, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789925/hif-1%C3%AE-represses-the-expression-of-the-angiogenesis-inhibitor-thrombospondin-2
#4
Susan C MacLauchlan, Nicole E Calabro, Yan Huang, Meenakshi Krishna, Tara Bancroft, Tanuj Sharma, Jun Yu, William C Sessa, Frank Giordano, Themis R Kyriakides
Thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis whose expression is dynamically regulated following injury. In the present study, it is shown that HIF-1α represses TSP2 transcription. Specifically, in vitro studies demonstrate that the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor DMOG or hypoxia decrease TSP2 expression in fibroblasts. This effect is shown to be via a transcriptional mechanism as hypoxia does not alter TSP2 mRNA stability and this effect requires the TSP2 promoter. In addition, the documented repressive effect of nitric oxide (NO) on TSP2 is shown to be non-canonical and involves stabilization of HIF-1α...
August 5, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782645/marfan-syndrome-a-connective-tissue-disease-at-the-crossroads-of-mechanotransduction-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-and-cell-stemness
#5
REVIEW
Francesco Ramirez, Cristina Caescu, Elisabeth Wondimu, Josephine Galatioto
Mutations in fibrillin-1 cause Marfan syndrome (MFS), the most common heritable disorder of connective tissue. Fibrillin-1 assemblies (microfibrils and elastic fibers) represent a unique dual-function component of the architectural matrix. The first role is structural for they endow tissues with tensile strength and elasticity, transmit forces across them and demarcate functionally discrete areas within them. The second role is instructive in that these macroaggregates modulate a large variety of sub-cellular processes by interacting with mechanosensors, and integrin and syndecan receptors, and by modulating the bioavailability of local TGFβ signals...
August 4, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739138/the-in-silico-zebrafish-matrisome-a-new-tool-to-study-extracellular-matrix-gene-and-protein-functions
#6
Pauline Nauroy, Sandrine Hughes, Alexandra Naba, Florence Ruggiero
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are major components of most tissues and organs. In addition to their crucial role in tissue cohesion and biomechanics, they chiefly regulate various important biological processes during embryonic development, tissue homeostasis and repair. In essence, ECM proteins were defined as secreted proteins that localized in the extracellular space. The characterization of the human and mouse matrisomes provided the first definition of ECM actors by comprehensively listing ECM proteins and classified them into categories...
July 21, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636876/tissue-alignment-enhances-remodeling-potential-of-tendon-derived-cells-lessons-from-a-novel-microtissue-model-of-tendon-scarring
#7
Jasper Foolen, Stefania L Wunderli, Sandra Loerakker, Jess G Snedeker
Tendinopathy is a widespread and unresolved clinical challenge, in which associated pain and hampered mobility present a major cause for work-related disability. Tendinopathy associates with a change from a healthy tissue with aligned extracellular matrix (ECM) and highly polarized cells that are connected head-to-tail, towards a diseased tissue with a disorganized ECM and randomly distributed cells, scar-like features that are commonly attributed to poor innate regenerative capacity of the tissue. A fundamental clinical dilemma with this scarring process is whether treatment strategies should focus on healing the affected (disorganized) tissue or strengthen the remaining healthy (anisotropic) tissue...
June 18, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634008/aging-associated-modifications-of-collagen-affect-its-degradation-by-matrix-metalloproteinases
#8
Preety Panwar, Georgina S Butler, Andrew Jamroz, Pouya Azizi, Christopher M Overall, Dieter Brömme
The natural aging process and various pathologies correlate with alterations in the composition and the structural and mechanical integrity of the connective tissue. Collagens represent the most abundant matrix proteins and provide for the overall stiffness and resilience of tissues. The structural changes of collagens and their susceptibility to degradation are associated with skin wrinkling, bone and cartilage deterioration, as well as cardiovascular and respiratory malfunctions. Here, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are major contributors to tissue remodeling and collagen degradation...
June 17, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625845/injury-and-defective-regeneration-of-the-epithelial-basement-membrane-in-corneal-fibrosis-a-paradigm-for-fibrosis-in-other-organs
#9
REVIEW
Steven E Wilson, Gustavo K Marino, Andre A M Torricelli, Carla S Medeiros
Myofibroblast-mediated fibrosis is important in the pathophysiology of diseases in most organs. The cornea, the transparent anterior wall of the eye that functions to focus light on the retina, is commonly affected by fibrosis and provides an optimal model due to its simplicity and accessibility. Severe injuries to the cornea, including infection, surgery, and trauma, may trigger the development of myofibroblasts and fibrosis in the normally transparent connective tissue stroma. Ultrastructural studies have demonstrated that defective epithelial basement membrane (EBM) regeneration after injury underlies the development of myofibroblasts from both bone marrow- and keratocyte-derived precursor cells in the cornea...
June 15, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602859/fibroblast-fibronectin-patterning-and-network-formation-in-3d-fibrin-matrices
#10
Miguel Miron-Mendoza, Eric Graham, Sujal Manohar, W Matthew Petroll
PURPOSE: We previously reported that fibroblasts migrating within 3-D collagen matrices move independently, whereas fibroblasts within 3-D fibrin matrices form an interconnected network. Similar networks have been identified previously during in vivo corneal wound healing. In this study, we investigate the role of fibronectin in mediating this mechanism of collective cell spreading, migration and patterning. METHODS: To assess cell spreading, corneal fibroblasts were plated within fibrillar collagen or fibrin matrices...
June 7, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527902/the-provisional-matrix-setting-the-stage-for-tissue-repair-outcomes
#11
EDITORIAL
Thomas H Barker, Adam J Engler
Since its conceptualization in the 1980s, the provisional matrix has often been characterized as a simple fibrin-containing scaffold for wound healing that supports the nascent blood clot and is functionally distinct from the basement membrane. However subsequent advances have shown that this matrix is far from passive, with distinct compositional differences as the wound matures, and providing an active role for wound remodeling. Here we review the stages of this matrix, provide an update on the state of our understanding of provisional matrix, and present some of the outstanding issues related to the provisional matrix, its components, and their assembly and use in vivo...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109697/fibronectin-fibrils-regulate-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#12
Lauren A Griggs, Nadiah T Hassan, Roshni S Malik, Brian P Griffin, Brittany A Martinez, Lynne W Elmore, Christopher A Lemmon
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is a dynamic process through which epithelial cells transdifferentiate from an epithelial phenotype into a mesenchymal phenotype. Previous studies have demonstrated that both mechanical signaling and soluble growth factor signaling facilitate this process. One possible point of integration for mechanical and growth factor signaling is the extracellular matrix. Here we investigate the role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibronectin (FN) in this process. We demonstrate that inhibition of FN fibrillogenesis blocks activation of the Transforming Growth Factor-Beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway via Smad2 signaling, decreases cell migration and ultimately leads to inhibition of EMT...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932299/provisional-matrix-a-role-for-versican-and-hyaluronan
#13
REVIEW
Thomas N Wight
Hyaluronan and versican are extracellular matrix (ECM) components that are enriched in the provisional matrices that form during the early stages of development and disease. These two molecules interact to create pericellular "coats" and "open space" that facilitate cell sorting, proliferation, migration, and survival. Such complexes also impact the recruitment of leukocytes during development and in the early stages of disease. Once thought to be inert components of the ECM that help hold cells together, it is now quite clear that they play important roles in controlling cell phenotype, shaping tissue response to injury and maintaining tissue homeostasis...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913195/breast-cancer-derived-extracellular-vesicles-stimulate-myofibroblast-differentiation-and-pro-angiogenic-behavior-of-adipose-stem-cells
#14
Young Hye Song, Christine Warncke, Sung Jin Choi, Siyoung Choi, Aaron E Chiou, Lu Ling, Han-Yuan Liu, Susan Daniel, Marc A Antonyak, Richard A Cerione, Claudia Fischbach
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are abundantly present in the mammary microenvironment and can promote breast cancer malignancy by differentiating into myofibroblasts. However, it remains largely unclear which role tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (TEVs) play in this process. Here, we used microfabricated, type I collagen-based 3-D tissue culture platforms to investigate the effect of breast cancer cell-derived TEVs on ASCs myofibroblast differentiation and consequential changes in extracellular matrix remodeling and vascular sprouting...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784620/fibrinogen-splice-variation-and-cross-linking-effects-on-fibrin-structure-function-and-role-of-fibrinogen-%C3%AE-as-thrombomobulin-ii
#15
REVIEW
Cédric Duval, Robert A S Ariëns
Fibrin is an important matrix protein that provides the backbone to the blood clot, promoting tissue repair and wound healing. Its precursor fibrinogen is one of the most heterogeneous proteins, with an estimated 1 million different forms due to alterations in glycosylation, oxidation, single nucleotide polymorphisms, splice variation and other variations. Furthermore, ligation by transglutaminase factor XIII (cross-linking) adds to the complexity of the fibrin network. The structure and function of the fibrin network is in part determined by this natural variation in the fibrinogen molecule, with major effects from splice variation and cross-linking...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771416/candidate-gene-analysis-of-the-fibrinogen-phenotype-reveals-the-importance-of-polygenic-co-regulation
#16
H Toinét Cronjé, Cornelie Nienaber-Rousseau, Lizelle Zandberg, Tinashe Chikowore, Zelda de Lange, Tertia van Zyl, Marlien Pieters
Fibrinogen and its functional aspects have been linked to cardiovascular disease. There is vast discrepancy between the heritability of fibrinogen concentrations observed in twin studies and the heritability uncovered by genome wide association studies. We postulate that some of the missing heritability might be explained by the pleiotropic and polygenic co-regulation of fibrinogen through multiple targeted genes, apart from the fibrinogen genes themselves. To this end we investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes coding for phenotypes associated with total and γ' fibrinogen concentrations and clot properties...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751946/compression-induced-structural-and-mechanical-changes-of-fibrin-collagen-composites
#17
O V Kim, R I Litvinov, J Chen, D Z Chen, J W Weisel, M S Alber
Fibrin and collagen as well as their combinations play an important biological role in tissue regeneration and are widely employed in surgery as fleeces or sealants and in bioengineering as tissue scaffolds. Earlier studies demonstrated that fibrin-collagen composite networks displayed improved tensile mechanical properties compared to the isolated protein matrices. Unlike previous studies, here unconfined compression was applied to a fibrin-collagen filamentous polymer composite matrix to study its structural and mechanical responses to compressive deformation...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751945/cell-extracellular-matrix-and-cell-cell-adhesion-are-linked-by-syndecan-4
#18
Sandeep Gopal, Hinke A B Multhaupt, Roger Pocock, John R Couchman
Cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell-cell junctions that employ microfilaments are sites of tension. They are important for tissue repair, morphogenetic movements and can be emblematic of matrix contraction in fibrotic disease and the stroma of solid tumors. One cell surface receptor, syndecan-4, has been shown to regulate focal adhesions, junctions that form at the ends of microfilament bundles in response to matrix components such as fibronectin. Recently it has been shown that signaling emanating from this proteoglycan receptor includes regulation of Rho family GTPases and cytosolic calcium...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645115/hyaluronic-acid-laminin-hydrogels-increase-neural-stem-cell-transplant-retention-and-migratory-response-to-sdf-1%C3%AE
#19
C P Addington, S Dharmawaj, J M Heffernan, R W Sirianni, S E Stabenfeldt
The chemokine SDF-1α plays a critical role in mediating stem cell response to injury and disease and has specifically been shown to mobilize neural progenitor/stem cells (NPSCs) towards sites of neural injury. Current neural transplant paradigms within the brain suffer from low rates of retention and engraftment after injury. Therefore, increasing transplant sensitivity to injury-induced SDF-1α represents a method for increasing neural transplant efficacy. Previously, we have reported on a hyaluronic acid-laminin based hydrogel (HA-Lm gel) that increases NPSC expression of SDF-1α receptor, CXCR4, and subsequently, NPSC chemotactic migration towards a source of SDF-1α in vitro...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641621/nerve-guidance-by-a-decellularized-fibroblast-extracellular-matrix
#20
Greg M Harris, Nicolas N Madigan, Karen Z Lancaster, Lynn W Enquist, Anthony J Windebank, Jeffrey Schwartz, Jean E Schwarzbauer
Spinal cord and peripheral nerve injuries require the regeneration of nerve fibers across the lesion site for successful recovery. Providing guidance cues and soluble factors to promote neurite outgrowth and cell survival can enhance repair. The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a key role in tissue repair by controlling cell adhesion, motility, and growth. In this study, we explored the ability of a mesenchymal ECM to support neurite outgrowth from neurons in the superior cervical ganglia (SCG). Length and morphology of neurites extended on a decellularized fibroblast ECM were compared to those on substrates coated with laminin, a major ECM protein in neural tissue, or fibronectin, the main component of a mesenchymal ECM...
July 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
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