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Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622160/history-of-neuro-ophthalmology-in-argentina
#1
Dolores M Ribero Ayerza, Mariana de Virgiliis, Roberto Ebner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614098/is-routine-imaging-of-the-aorta-warranted-in-patients-with-giant-cell-arteritis
#2
John J Chen, Kenneth J Warrington, James A Garrity, Sashank Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614097/advanced-neuroimaging-techniques-basic-principles-and-clinical-applications
#3
Julius Griauzde, Ashok Srinivasan
Advanced neuroimaging techniques are increasingly being implemented in clinical practice as complementary tools to conventional imaging because they can provide crucial functional information about the pathophysiology of a variety of disorders. Therefore, it is important to understand the basic principles underlying them and their role in diagnosis and management. In this review, we will primarily focus on the basic principles and clinical applications of perfusion imaging, diffusion imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, functional MRI, and dual-energy computerized tomography...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604498/is-multiple-sclerosis-associated-with-a-lower-intraocular-pressure
#4
Norah S Lincoff, Andrea Buccilli, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Sandra Sieminski, Sirin Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To determine if multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with lower intraocular pressure (IOP) compared with individuals without MS. METHODS: Thirty patients with clinically definite MS were identified and a retrospective chart review was conducted. Each patient with MS underwent IOP recording by a single investigator using kinetic applanation tonometry. Measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT) also was obtained. Similarly, 30 study controls were identified and kinetic applanation tonometry and CCT were recorded...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542028/bilateral-optic-disc-pits-with-posterior-pituitary-ectopia
#5
Jonathan C Horton, A James Barkovich
Posterior pituitary ectopia has been reported previously in association with optic nerve hypoplasia, as a variant of septo-optic dysplasia. We describe a 14-year-old boy with posterior pituitary ectopia and bilateral optic disc pits. He had hypopituitarism and a reduction in visual acuity to 20/40 in each eye, owing to loss of foveal ganglion cells. Optic pits and posterior pituitary ectopia may have occurred together in the same subject by chance, but the rarity of both conditions suggests a possible association...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538037/dalfampridine-treatment-in-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#6
Mark L Moster, Robert C Sergott, Benjamin E Leiby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538036/multiple-cranial-nerve-palsies-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#7
Michael Ross, Lulu Bursztyn, Rosanne Superstein, Mark Gans
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of medium and large arteries often with ophthalmic involvement, including ischemic optic neuropathy, retinal artery occlusion, and ocular motor cranial nerve palsies. This last complication occurs in 2%-15% of patients, but typically involves only 1 cranial nerve. We present 2 patients with biopsy-proven GCA associated with multiple cranial nerve palsies.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538035/structure-function-analysis-of-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-and-age-related-differences-in-outcome
#8
Ming-Hui Sun, Yaping Joyce Liao
BACKGROUND: The optic nerve head is vulnerable to ischemia leading to anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION), the most common acute optic neuropathy in those older than 50 years of age. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 55 nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) eyes in 34 patients to assess clinical outcome and perform structure-function correlations. RESULTS: The peak age of NAION onset was between 50 and 55 years...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492464/validity-of-forced-eyelid-closure-test-a-novel-clinical-screening-test-for-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#9
Supanut Apinyawasisuk, Xinkai Zhou, Jack J Tian, Giancarlo A Garcia, Rustum Karanjia, Alfredo A Sadun
BACKGROUND: Forced eyelid closure test (FECT) is a clinical screening test developed from the original Cogan lid twitch (CLT) sign to assist in the diagnosis of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG), We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of FECT compared with CLT and benchmarked to standard diagnostic tests. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of 48 patients using electronic medical records of those that presented with ptosis and/or diplopia at Doheny Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles between February 2015 and April 2016...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520583/focal-capillary-dropout-associated-with-optic-disc-drusen-using-optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography
#10
Eric D Gaier, Joseph F Rizzo, John B Miller, Dean M Cestari
Optic disc drusen may be a cause of visual field defects and visual loss. The mechanism by which this occurs is unclear. We report a patient who developed decreased vision in the right eye and was found to have a heavy burden of superficial optic disc drusen. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed focal retinal nerve fiber layer thinning that corresponded with the distribution of drusen. OCT angiography, with superficial laminar segmentation, showed focal capillary attenuation overlying the most prominent drusen...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471903/neuroimaging-hints-of-the-lateral-medullary-syndrome
#11
Ali S Saber Tehrani, Jeffrey R DeSanto, Jorge C Kattah
A series of neuroimaging studies illustrates many of the key findings of the lateral medullary syndrome.
May 2, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459737/vision-loss-and-symmetric-basal-ganglia-lesions-in-leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#12
Matthew A Mercuri, Halina White, Cristiano Oliveira
A 30-year-old woman with progressive vision loss was found to have asymptomatic, bilateral, and symmetric basal ganglia lesions on MRI and was later diagnosed with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). The rare occurrence of basal ganglia changes on MRI in patients with LHON is discussed.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445191/evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#13
Ama Sadaka, Samantha L Schockman, Karl C Golnik
BACKGROUND: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376022/advances-in-neuromyelitis-optica-take-them-to-the-clinic
#14
Marc H Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418947/sleep-induced-apraxia-of-eyelid-opening
#15
Sara N Reggie, John J Chen, Michael S Lee, Sophia M Chung
BACKGROUND: Apraxia of eyelid opening (AEO) primarily has been described as bilateral loss of volitional ability to open the eyes at certain times and often associated with neurodegenerative disease. Rarely, it can occur in isolation and as an idiopathic phenomenon. There are a few reports of unilateral AEO only on awakening from sleep. We report an additional 11 patients with this unusual variation of AEO. METHODS: Retrospective, observational case series of patients collected from 3 separate neuro-ophthalmology practices...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410279/ocular-motor-manifestations-of-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Elodie Nerrant, Caroline Tilikete
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system leading to disability, especially in young patients. Acute or chronic lesions of MS within the brainstem and the cerebellum frequently result in ocular motor disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This review encompasses the spectrum of ocular motor disorders in patients with MS emphasizing prevalence, examination findings, diagnostic features, functional consequences, classification of MS course, and management of these disturbances of ocular motility...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410278/neuromyelitis-optica-deciphering-a-complex-immune-mediated-astrocytopathy
#17
Jeffrey L Bennett, Gregory P Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406805/nothing-to-spit-at
#18
Nafiseh Hashemi, Shahreen Billah, Christian P Conderman, Ibrahim Alava, Emilio P Supsupin, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, Ore-Ofe O Adesina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398966/vision-loss-rash-and-abnormal-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-a-17-year-old
#19
Andrea A Tooley, Laurence J Eckel, Diva R Salomão, John J Chen, Jacqueline A Leavitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376021/vertical-head-thrusting-in-acquired-supranuclear-vertical-ophthalmoplegia
#20
Yeon-Hee Lee, Seong-Hae Jeong, Hyo-Jung Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang, Woohyuk Lee, Ji-Soo Kim
Patients with congenital ocular motor apraxia (OMA) typically show head thrusts while attempting to shift gaze. In congenital OMA, this compensatory head motion mostly occurs in the horizontal plane. Two patients with acquired palsy of voluntary vertical gaze and continuous upward gaze deviation, one from aortic surgery and the other from multiple infarctions involving the mesodiencephalic junction, showed intermittent downward head thrusting to redirect the eyes straight ahead or downward. The head thrusting behavior improved markedly after surgical correction of the upward gaze deviation in one patient...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
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