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Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23152999/the-effect-of-polymerized-placenta-hemoglobin-on-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#1
REVIEW
Tao Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Daqin Liao, Yanfang Chen, Chengmin Yang, Xuewen Xu, Jin Liu
The goal of this study was to investigate whether hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) attenuated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, I/R group, and HBOC group (injection of 0.1 gHb/kg PolyPHb). The ischemia was induced by bilateral renal pedicle cross-clamping for 45min. Then the clamp was released to allow 24h reperfusion. Without increasing blood pressure, PolyPHb reduced the blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in plasma and attenuated the tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8 in kidney tissue...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22947068/immune-stimulating-potential-of-cell-envelope-proteins-from-vibrio-cholerae-associated-to-chitosan-microparticles-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Abhimanyu Dev, Roop Narayan Gupta
CONTEXT: Cholera is a severe diarrheal disease that remains an important cause of illness and death in many parts of the world. OBJECTIVE: This study has been designed to check the immune-stimulating potential of antigens in their native and associated form as chitosan microparticles in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chitosan microparticles were prepared by the ionic gelation technique. The cell envelope proteins (CEPs) isolated from Vibrio cholerae were loaded as antigenic material...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22947025/immobilization-of-anti-aflatoxin-b1-antibody-by-uv-polymerization-of-aniline-and-aflatoxin-b1-detection-via-electrochemical-impedance-spectroscopy
#3
Erhan Dinçkaya, Özer Kinik, Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk, Çağri Altuğ, Aylin Akkoca
In the study, we investigated the practicality of the UV polymerization of aniline for anti-aflatoxin B1 antibody immobilization, and utilization of the resulting biosensor in the impedimetric determination of aflatoxin B1. The anti-aflatoxin B 1 antibody was physically immobilized on gold electrodes by UV polymerization of aniline at a fixed wavelength. The biosensor was based on specific interaction anti-aflatoxin B1 - aflatoxin B1 recognition and investigation of this recognition event by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22780216/purification-and-characterization-of-prophenoloxidase-from-galleria-mellonella-l
#4
Dudu Demir, Nahit Gençer, Aylin Er
Prophenoloxidase (PPO) was purified from Galleria mellonella L. A 67-fold purification of the proenzyme with 352% yield was achieved by using a Sepharose 4B-L-tyrosine-p-amino benzoic acid affinity column. The purified enzyme was migrated as a single band on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. K(m) and V(max) values were 0.017 M and 1430.45 EU for catechol. Inhibition of PPO was investigated with inhibitors such as p-aminobenzoic acid, etyleneglycol, and ascorbic acid. Among them, ascorbic acid showed the strongest inhibitory activity with IC(50) value of 2...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22780098/chitosan-based-intragastric-delivery-of-cefuroxime-axetil-development-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-mucoadhesive-approach
#5
Mitesh Nagar, Adhikrao V Yadav
To have advantages of reduced dosing frequency, improved bioavailability and effective delivery system of Cefuroxime Axetil, a Chitosan based intragastric sustained release microbead formulation of Cefuroxime Axetil was developed. The drug delivery system was prepared by ionotropic gelation of Chitosan in presence of sodium tripolyphosphate as polyanion and optimized by box-behnken experimental design. Response surface methodology was applied to evaluate various vitro characteristics of prepared mucoadhesive microbeads...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22670825/in-vitro-effect-of-novel-%C3%AE-lactam-compounds-on-xanthine-oxidase-enzyme-activity
#6
Arlinda Bytyqi-Damoni, Hayriye Genç, Mustafa Zengin, Serap Beyaztas, Nahit Gençer, Oktay Arslan
Carbazole substituted imines (2a-l) were prepared from N-methyl-3-amino carbazole with different aldehydes. The imines compounds undergo (2+2) cycloaddition reactions with in situ ketenes to produce β-lactam compounds (3a-l). The β-lactam compounds were tested as inhibitors of the xanthine oxidase (XO) purified from bovine milk. The results show that these compounds exhibit inhibitory effects on XO at low concentrations with IC(50) values ranging from 21.65 to 58.04 µM. The most effective compound for XO was 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)-3-phenylazetidin-2-one with IC(50) of 21...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22670793/covalent-immobilization-of-trypsin-on-glutaraldehyde-activated-silica-for-protein-fragmentation
#7
Cenk Daglioglu, Figen Zihnioglu
Trypsin was immobilized by covalent binding to glutaraldehyde-activated silica with and without a spacer arm; 1,6-diaminohexane and polyethyleneglycol as well. The addition of polyethyleneglycol (PEG) to the immobilization media increased the activity of immobilized trypsin in organic solvents, whilst free trypsin activity disappeared under the same conditions. Thermal, pH, storage, and operational stabilities of the free and immobilized enzyme were found to be better than the free enzyme. Furthermore, use of immobilized enzyme for protein fragmentation was achieved by solid-phase, on-line, protein digestion in organic solvents...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22540947/synthesis-of-microwave-assisted-poly-methyl-vinyl-ether-co-maleic-anhydride-bovine-serum-albumin-bioconjugates
#8
Mesut Karahan, Sevecen Tuğlu, Zeynep Mustafaeva
The water-soluble poly(methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic anhydride) copolymer-bovine serum albumin bioconjugates were synthesized in the presence of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimetilamino-propyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride as cross-linking agents via microwave-assisted and conventional methods and characterized by size-exclusion chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. According to size-exclusion chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography results, the bioconjugates synthesized in the microwave-assisted method are more stable and efficient than the conventional method...
December 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22594636/immobilization-of-laccase-on-polyacrylamide-and-polyacrylamide-%C3%AE%C2%BA-carragennan-based-semi-interpenetrating-polymer-networks
#9
M Gökgöz, H Altinok
In this study, laccase enzyme (L) from Agaricus bisporus was immobilized by entrapment into polyacrylamide (PAAm) and semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) prepared with either polyacrylamide/κ-carragennan (0.05g) [PAAm/ κ-car (0.05)] or polyacrylamide/κ-carragennan (0.1 g) [PAAm/ κ-car (0.1)]. The optimum pH was 6.0 for free L, 8.0 for PAAm-L, 8.5 for PAAm/κ-car (0.05)-L, and 9.0 for PAAm/κ-car (0.1)-L. The optimum temperature was determined as 45°C for free L and 60°C for all immobilized laccases...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22540929/glucose-biosensor-based-on-the-immobilization-of-glucose-oxidase-on-electrochemically-synthesized-polypyrrole-poly-vinyl-sulphonate-composite-film-by-cross-linking-with-glutaraldehyde
#10
Ozlem Colak, Ahmet Yaşar, Servet Cete, Fatma Arslan
In this study, a novel amperometric glucose biosensor was developed by immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOX) by cross-linking via glutaraldehyde on electrochemically polymerized polypyrrole-poly(vinyl sulphonate) (PPy-PVS) films on the surface of a platinum (Pt) electrode. Electropolymerization of pyrrole and poly(vinyl sulphonate) on the Pt surface was carried out with an electrochemical cell containing pyrrole and poly(vinyl sulphonate) by cyclic voltammetry between -1.0 and + 2.0 V (vs.Ag/AgCl) at a scan rate of 50 mV/s upon the Pt electrode...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22540900/development-of-antibiotic-and-debriding-enzyme-loaded-plga-microspheres-entrapped-in-pva-gelatin-hydrogel-for-complete-wound-management
#11
Deependra Singh, Manju Rawat Singh
A biocompatible moist system was developed for effective and complete wound healing. Optimized PLGA microspheres of gentamicin (GM) and serratiopeptidase (STP) were incorporated into PVA-gelatin slurry and casted into films to prepare multiphase hydrogel. The prepared system was characterized by in vitro and in vivo studies. Results revealed the uniform dispersion of microspheres in three-dimensional matrix of the hydrogel. The in vitro release data showed a typical biphasic release pattern. All parameters such as wound contraction, tensile strength, histopathological and biochemical parameters were observed significant (p < 0...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22471596/investigation-of-the-simultaneous-production-of-superoxide-dismutase-and-catalase-enzymes-from-rhodotorula-glutinis-under-different-culture-conditions
#12
Ayşe Ezgi Unlü, Serpil Takaç
The simultaneous production production of superoxide (SOD) and catalase (CAT) from Rhodotorula glutinis was studied. The effects of temperature, initial medium pH, and carbon source on the enzyme activities were investigated. Temperature and carbon sources were found to have significant effects on the enzyme activities. 10°C provided the highest specific CAT and SOD activities as 22.6 U/mg protein and 170 U/mg protein, respectively. Glycerol was found to be the best carbon source for enzyme activities, providing 113 U/mg protein for CAT and 125 U/mg protein for SOD, which were also the highest activities obtained in the present study...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22409280/surface-modification-of-pbt-nonwoven-fabrics-used-for-blood-filtration-and-their-blood-compatibility-study
#13
Ye Cao, Jiaxin Liu, Rui Zhong, Qing Yu, Hong Wang
It is necessary to remove residual leukocytes to prevent the blood transfusion-related adverse reactions. This paper describes a facile approach for the surface modification of commercial PBT nonwoven fabrics (PBTNF), used for blood filtration, followed by immobilizing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The whole blood filtration results revealed that the five types of PBTNF-PVPs' leucocytes retention rates and erythrocyte recovery rates increased to 96% and 92% compared with the untreated PBTNF. The blood compatibilities results indicated that PVP modified PBTNFs have good blood compatibility, suggesting that PVP-modified PBTNF is a very promising blood filter for selective removal of leukocytes...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22409279/different-multiple-regeneration-capacities-of-motor-and-sensory-axons-in-peripheral-nerve
#14
Peng Jianping, Yin Xiaofeng, Wang Yanhua, Wang Zhenwei, Kou Yuhui, Xu Chungui, Zhang Peixun, Jiang Baoguo
After peripheral nerve injury, axons often project sprouts from the node of Ranvier proximal to the damage site. It is well known that one parent axon can sprout and maintain several regenerating axons. If enough endoneurial tubes in the distal stump are present for the regenerating axons to grow along, then the number of mature myelinated nerve fibers in the distal stump will be greater than the number in the proximal stump. "Multiple regeneration" is used to describe this phenomenon in the peripheral nerve...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22384853/implanted-electro-acupuncture-electric-stimulation-improves-outcome-of-stem-cells-transplantation-in-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Haichun Liu, Kaiyun Yang, Tao Xin, Wenliang Wu, Yunzhen Chen
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most serious disorders in clinics, and the high disability rate and functional deficits are common issues in patients. Transplantation of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) into the injured spinal cord is emerging as a novel method in the therapeutics of SCI; however, its application is limited by the poor survival rate of the transplanted cells and low differentiation rate into neurons. Our laboratory recently reported that electrical stimulation (ES) dramatically improves the survival rate of transplanted BMSCs and increases spinal cord functions in animals with spinal cord injury...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22384850/drug-trapping-and-delivery-for-alzheimer-s-diagnosis
#16
M A Jalil, Surachart Kamoldilok, T Saktioto, C T Ong, Preecha P Yupapin
In this investigation, a new design based on a PANDA ring resonator as an optical trapping tool for tangle protein, molecular motor storage, and delivery is proposed. The optical vortices are generated and the trapping mechanism is controlled in the same way as the conventional optical tweezers. The trapping force is produced by a combination of the gradient field and scattering photons. The required molecular volume is trapped and moved dynamically within the molecular network. The tangle protein and molecular motor can be transported and delivered to the required destinations for Alzheimer's diagnosis by molecular buffer and bus network...
October 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22471597/garlicin-attenuates-reperfusion-no-reflow-in-a-catheter-based-porcine-model-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Yang Peng, Li Jiahui, Li Aili, Wang Yong, Shi Zaixiang, Ke Yuannan, Li Xianlun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether garlicin can attenuate reperfusion no-reflow in a catheter-based porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Twenty-two swine were used: six in a sham-operation group, and eight each in the control and garlicin groups. The distal part of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in the latter two groups was occluded by a dilated balloon for 2 hr, then reperfused for 3 hr. Garlicin (1.88mg/kg) was injected just before reperfusion until reperfusion for 1 hr in the garlicin group...
August 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22471595/an-amperometric-biosensor-for-choline-determination-prepared-from-choline-oxidase-immobilized-in-polypyrrole-polyvinylsulfonate-film
#18
Merve Özdemir, Fatma Arslan, Halit Arslan
In this paper, a novel amperometric choline biosensor with immobilization of choline oxidase on electrochemically polymerized polypyrrole-polyvinylsulphonate (PPy-PVS) film has been accomplished via the entrapment technique. The effects of pH and temperature were investigated and optimum parameters were found to be 9.0 and 60 °C, respectively. There are two linear parts in the region between 1.0 × 10 (-7) - 1.0 × 10 (-6)M (R(2) = 0.997) and 1.0 × 10 (-5) - 1.0 × 10 (-3) M (R(2) = 0.986). The storage stability and operation stability of the enzyme electrode were also studied...
August 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22432540/decreased-expression-of-mdr1-in-peg-conjugated-hemoglobin-solution-combined-cisplatin-treatment-in-a-tumor-xenograft-model
#19
Jianqun Han, Minhua Yu, Min Dai, Hongwei Li, Ruijuan Xiu, Qian Liu
This study aims to examine the contribution of PEG-conjugated hemoglobin combined with cisplatin to the expression of HIF-1α and MDR1 in a tumor xenograft model. Cervical carcinoma models were assigned to 4 groups and treated respectively: group 1(control); group 2, cisplatin; group 3, PEG-Hb; group 4 cisplatin plus PEG-Hb. 4 weeks later, tumor volume and MVD was significantly decreased in group 4 compared with other groups. Lower expression of HIF-1α and MDR1 were detected in group4. Taken together, our data indicated that PEG-Hb plus cisplatin can promote tumor tissue oxygenation and enhance the chemotherapy sensitivity...
August 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22413828/effect-of-polymerized-human-placenta-hemoglobin-on-hemodynamic-parameter-and-cardiac-function-in-a-rat-hemorrhagic-shock-model
#20
Tao Li, Yongxian Jiang, Zhenyu Zhang, Sisi Zhang, Wei Wu, Daqin Liao, Yanfang Chen, Chengmin Yang, Xuewen Xu, Jin Liu
To investigate whether polymerized human placenta hemoglobin (PolyPHb) improved hemodynamic parameter recovery and cardiac function after hemorrhagic shock, a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 30 mmHg was maintained for 60min. Then, all the rats were randomly resuscitated with hetastarch (HES), shed blood (Whole Blood), or PolyPHb (PolyPHb). The MAP was greatly improved by PolyPHb, but it was still lower than that of the Whole Blood group. Meanwhile, the cardiac function and enzyme releases in the PolyPHb group were similar to the HES group...
August 2012: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
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