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Emergency Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634749/the-king-laryngeal-tube-a-mimic-of-esophageal-intubation-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Daniel B Green, Christopher W Root, Ian R Drexler, Alan C Legasto, Jonathan St George
The King Airway is a temporary airway device used primarily in the pre-hospital setting and typically exchanged for an endotracheal tube upon arrival to the emergency department. Since this usually occurs before imaging, many radiologists are unfamiliar with the King Airway. This lack of familiarity can have important consequences for the patient and treating team. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of the King Airway among radiologists, emphasize appropriate positioning, and review the imaging complications of incorrect positioning...
June 20, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631162/core-curriculum-case-illustration-blunt-traumatic-thoracic-aortic-pseudo-aneurysm
#2
Muhammad Mubashir Ramzan, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Jeffrey D Robinson
Core Curriculum Illustration: [blunt thoracic aortic pseudo aneurysm]. This is the [40th] installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.html...
June 19, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624909/emergency-orbital-pathology-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#3
Jarett Thelen, Asha A Bhatt, Alok A Bhatt
Acute ocular trauma accounts for a substantial number of emergency department visits in the USA, and represents a significant source of disability to patients; however, the orbits remain a potential blind spot for radiologists. The goal of this article is to review the relevant anatomy of the orbit and imaging findings associated with commonly encountered acute ocular traumatic pathology, while highlighting the salient information which should be reported to the ordering clinician. Topics discussed include trauma to the anterior and posterior chamber, lens dislocations, intraocular foreign bodies, and open and contained globe injuries...
June 17, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616789/core-curriculum-illustration-colles-dorsally-angulated-fracture-of-the-distal-radius
#4
Jake W Sharp, Rachael M Edwards
This is the 41st installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
June 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616788/core-curriculum-case-illustration-cardiac-tamponade-complicating-proximal-aortic-dissection
#5
H Laura Aaltonen, Ken F Linnau, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl
This is the 39th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
June 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616787/subtle-radiographic-signs-of-hamate-body-fracture-a-diagnosis-not-to-miss-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Nathan D Cecava, Mary F Finn, Liem T Mansfield
Hamate fractures are estimated to represent 1.7% of all carpal fractures and can occur at the hamulus (hook) or hamate body depending on mechanism of injury. Fractures of the hamate body can be exceedingly difficult to identify on standard wrist and hand radiographs in the emergency department. If the diagnosis is missed in the emergency department, orthopedic referral is often delayed. This can result in lasting functional disability for the patient, as these fractures have a propensity to destabilize the fourth and fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joints...
June 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593330/core-curriculum-illustration-pediatric-viral-parotitis
#7
Barbara Pawley, Sibi Rajendran, Ramya Kondaveeti
This is the 36th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
June 7, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593329/core-curriculum-illustration-pediatric-buckle-fracture-of-the-distal-radius
#8
Jake W Sharp, Rachael M Edwards
This is the 38th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC.
June 7, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567585/core-curriculum-illustration-ventriculitis-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-induced-rectal-perforation
#9
Barbara Pawley, Sibi Rajendran
This is the 35th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
May 31, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551865/pearls-and-pitfalls-of-hepatobiliary-and-splenic-trauma-what-every-trauma-radiologist-needs-to-know
#10
REVIEW
Joseph A Graves, Tarek N Hanna, Keith D Herr
With the universal acceptance of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) as the imaging modality of first resort in the assessment of blunt abdominal injury, the trauma radiologist must be able to accurately and rapidly identify the range of CT manifestations of the traumatized abdomen. In this article, we lay out the fundamental principles in CT interpretation of blunt trauma to the hepatobiliary system and spleen, including vascular injury, with a focus on technical and interpretive pearls and pitfalls...
May 27, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551864/highlights-from-the-scientific-and-educational-abstracts-presented-at-the-aser-2016-annual-scientific-meeting-and-postgraduate-course
#11
Morris Hayim, Sudheer Balakrishnan
The annual meeting of the American Society of Radiology (ASER) took place in San Francisco, California on September 14 through September 17, 2016. Attendees represented the USA as well as international emergency radiology communities, including those from academic, private practice, and teleradiology settings. There were several "members in training" in attendance as well. The meeting again featured the "Trauma Head to Toe" 2-day didactic course, highlighting various important topics on imaging of traumatic injuries...
May 27, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551863/core-curriculum-illustration-supination-external-rotation-trimalleolar-fracture
#12
Jake W Sharp, Rachael M Edwards
This is the 37th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and on the use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
May 27, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550495/core-curriculum-illustration-acute-traumatic-aortic-injury
#13
Manuel Trevino, Shaked Laks, Noemi Brunner
This is the 34th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
May 26, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547317/pelvic-pain-in-the-middle-of-the-night-use-of-mri-for-evaluation-of-pediatric-female-pathology-in-the-emergent-setting
#14
Rama S Ayyala, Asef Khwaja, Sudha A Anupindi
Acute pelvic pain in pediatric female patients is a common cause of emergency room visits. Imaging plays a crucial role in the clinical evaluation of these patients. Pelvic pain in female children can result from various pathologies. Ultrasound is the preferred first line imaging study; however, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a helpful adjunct after hours, as it is available 24/7 in many institutions. Advantages of MRI include superior delineation of anatomy and higher tissue contrast resolution, particularly of the small pelvic structures...
May 25, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523439/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-painful-swollen-legs-in-the-emergency-department-a-pictorial-essay
#15
REVIEW
Ashish Chawla, Niraj Dubey, Kian Ming Chew, Dinesh Singh, Vishal Gaikwad, Wilfred Cg Peh
Patients presenting with a painful swollen leg are not infrequently encountered at the emergency department and can pose a diagnostic dilemma for attending physicians. The potential causes of leg pain and swelling include trauma, infection, inflammation, and neurogenic, vascular, and iatrogenic conditions; with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) being an important tool in evaluation. We describe the MRI features of various conditions causing painful swollen legs. We also discuss the differential diagnosis and the useful clinical and laboratory findings that radiologists should be aware of, in order to arrive at an accurate diagnosis...
May 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523438/reversible-splenial-lesions-presenting-in-conjunction-with-febrile-illness-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
David Lin, Matthew Rheinboldt
Transient restricted diffusion and increased T2 signal intensity within the splenium of the corpus callosum is an increasingly recognized albeit uncommon imaging feature in the setting of acute encephalitis and antecedent viral illness. This review will discuss three index cases obtained from an institutional databank. Additionally, the current understanding of the underlying neurophysiologic pathogenesis will be discussed together with differential clinical and imaging diagnostic considerations, treatment options, and outcome metrics...
May 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497406/assessing-the-gap-in-female-authorship-in-the-journal-emergency-radiology-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#17
Kristopher McKenzie, Milita Ramonas, Michael Patlas, Douglas S Katz
PURPOSE: To examine trends in female authorship in the journal Emergency Radiology from January 1994 to December 2014. METHODS: We obtained institutional review board approval for our study. We retrospectively reviewed a total of 1617 articles published in the journal Emergency Radiology over a 20-year period. Original articles, case reports, review articles, and pictorial essays were included. The first and last position author's gender was categorized as female or male...
May 12, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497405/multimodality-imaging-findings-in-rhabdomyolysis-and-a-brief-review-of-differential-diagnoses
#18
REVIEW
Simon Long, Jared Garrett, Peeyush Bhargava, Gabriel Aguilar, Alberto Simoncini, Guillermo Sangster
Rhabdomyolysis has traditionally been a clinical diagnosis with healthcare providers utilizing historical context, physical exam, and laboratory data to arrive at a diagnosis. However, there are myriad imaging findings that may be corroborative and support the presumptive diagnosis. This paper seeks to review imaging findings associated with rhabdomyolysis using different modalities including radiography, sonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and bone scintigraphy.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493202/is-measurement-of-renal-function-necessary-for-all-trauma-patients-before-iodinated-contrast-administration
#19
Haddon Pantel, Kristian D Stensland, Jeffrey Hashim, Michael Rosenblatt
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors at the time of presentation which could quickly exclude or identify renal dysfunction in blunt trauma patients, thus negating serum measurement of renal function prior to contrast-enhanced imaging and expediting care. METHODS: Patients, >18 years old, without renal failure, presenting after blunt trauma, with serum creatinine measured at presentation, were retrospectively studied at a single center. Variables recorded at presentation including vitals, mechanism, and past medical history were analyzed using multivariate regression analysis to identify independent predictors of abnormal renal function...
May 11, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474123/ct-pulmonary-angiogram-quality-comparison-between-early-and-later-pregnancy
#20
Yoel Siegel, Russ Kuker, James Banks, Gary Danton
PURPOSE: Pregnancy increases the risk for thromboembolic disease. CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) is widely used for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolus (PE); however, a significant number of scans are suboptimal or non-diagnostic in pregnant patients. This phenomenon is attributed to physiology during the gravid state. The aim of this study is to examine whether all stages of pregnancy are similarly at risk for suboptimal scans. METHODS: Pregnant patients who had CTPA scans between February 2008 and November 2014 were included...
May 4, 2017: Emergency Radiology
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