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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800717/multidimensional-inventory-of-hypochondriacal-traits-an-examination-of-a-bifactor-model-and-measurement-invariance-between-those-with-and-without-a-self-reported-medical-condition
#1
Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Fergus
The Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits (MIHT) is a self-report measure that assesses four interrelated domains of health anxiety (i.e., Cognitive, Behavioral, Perceptual, Affective). Prior research has supported a correlated four-factor model, as well as a hierarchical model, in which each of the four factors load onto the higher order health anxiety construct. However, a bifactor modeling approach has yet to be used to examine the factor structure of the MIHT. Results supported a bifactor model of the MIHT in three different samples (i...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800706/parsing-the-hypomanic-personality-explicating-the-nature-of-specific-dimensions-defining-mania-risk
#2
Kasey Stanton, Daniel B McArtor, David Watson
Considerable research has used the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) to assess traits conferring risk for hypomanic and manic episodes. Although the HPS has been shown to be defined by several distinct sets of content, most research has continued to rely exclusively on HPS total scores, due to (a) little research having examined its structure and (b) the discrepant structural results obtained in the few available studies. Therefore, we examined the structure and relations of the HPS in a large sample of community adults ( N = 737) receiving psychiatric treatment...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799411/the-modrey-an-episodic-memory-test-for-nonclinical-and-preclinical-populations
#3
Christiane Hale, Briana S Last, Irene B Meier, Lok-Kin Yeung, Mariana Budge, Richard P Sloan, Scott A Small, Adam M Brickman
List learning tests are used in practice for diagnosis and in research to characterize episodic memory, but often suffer from ceiling effects in unimpaired individuals. We developed the Modified Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, or ModRey, an episodic memory test for use in normal and preclinical populations. We administered the ModRey to 230 healthy adults and to 86 of the same individuals 102 days later and examined psychometric properties and effects of demographic factors. Primary measures were normally distributed without evidence of ceiling effect...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799409/use-of-the-brief-shame-and-guilt-questionnaire-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-and-adolescents
#4
Evelien Broekhof, Maartje Kouwenberg, Paul Oosterveld, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
No assessment tools are available to measure shame and guilt in children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), while these self-conscious emotions might play a role in the frequently noted social and behavioral problems in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire (BSGQ) in DHH children. In addition, we examined associations of shame and guilt with social anxiety, self-esteem, delinquency, and psychopathic behaviors. A sum of 225 hearing ( Mage = 11...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799407/is-the-assessment-of-personality-comparable-in-persons-who-have-and-have-not-experienced-depressive-anxiety-and-substance-use-disorders-an-examination-of-measurement-invariance
#5
Thomas M Olino, Laura Benini, Grace Icenogle, Sylia Wilson, Daniel N Klein, John R Seeley, Peter M Lewinsohn
Numerous studies have focused on characterizing personality differences between individuals with and without psychopathology. For drawing valid conclusions for these comparisons, the personality instruments used must demonstrate psychometric equivalence. However, we are unaware of any studies that examine measurement invariance in personality across individuals with and without psychopathology. This study conducted tests of measurement invariance for positive emotionality, negative emotionality, and disinhibition across individuals with and without histories of depressive, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770618/the-role-of-personality-in-the-assessment-of-subjective-and-physiological-emotional-reactivity-a-comparison-between-younger-and-older-adults
#6
Priska Steenhaut, Ineke Demeyer, Rudi De Raedt, Gina Rossi
This study brings more clarity on the inconsistent findings on emotional reactivity differences between older (OA) and younger (YA) adults, by examining the influence of (mal)adaptive personality traits on emotional reactivity and by applying several assessment methods. We recruited 60 YA (25-50 years) and 60 OA (65+ years) from a nonclinical population. We used Visual Analogue Scales to measure subjective reactivity, and facial electromyography (corrugator and zygomaticus reactivity), heart rate, heart rate variability, and skin conductance level to assess physiological reactivity during happy and sad film clips...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770616/examining-the-basc-3-bess-parent-form-preschool-using-rasch-methodology
#7
Christine DiStefano, Fred W Greer, Erin Dowdy
This study examined the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition Behavioral and Emotional Screening System, Parent Form-Preschool, which is used to identify children at risk for emotional/behavioral problems. Rasch rating scale methods were used to provide information about psychometric properties of items, parent raters, and the response scale. Using the norming sample of 459 children, we investigated the structure of the screener, performance of the scale, and coverage of the maladaptive behavior construct to identify children with emerging behavioral difficulties...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758417/evaluating-longitudinal-invariance-in-dimensions-of-mental-health-across-adolescence-an-analysis-of-the-social-behavior-questionnaire
#8
Aja Louise Murray, Ingrid Obsuth, Manuel Eisner, Denis Ribeaud
Measurement invariance over time (longitudinal invariance) is a core but seldom-tested assumption of many longitudinal studies on adolescent psychosocial development. In this study, we evaluated the longitudinal invariance of a brief measure of adolescent mental health: the Social Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ). The SBQ was administered to participants of the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths in up to four waves spanning ages 11 to 17. Using a confirmatory factor analysis approach, metric invariance held for all constructs, but there were some violations of scalar and strict invariance...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745072/assessment-of-somatization-and-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-later-life
#9
T J W van Driel, P H Hilderink, D J C Hanssen, P de Boer, J G M Rosmalen, R C Oude Voshaar
The assessment of medically unexplained symptoms and "somatic symptom disorders" in older adults is challenging due to somatic multimorbidity, which threatens the validity of somatization questionnaires. In a systematic review study, the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the somatization subscale of the Symptom Checklist 90-item version (SCL-90 SOM) are recommended out of 40 questionnaires for usage in large-scale studies. While both scales measure physical symptoms which in younger persons often refer to unexplained symptoms, in older persons, these symptoms may originate from somatic diseases...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737041/comparable-consistency-coherence-and-commonality-of-measures-of-cognitive-functioning-across-adulthood
#10
Timothy A Salthouse
Increased age is associated with lower scores in many cognitive tests, but interpretation of those results is based on the assumption that the measurement at different ages is equivalent, such that the differences reflect quantitative rather than qualitative changes. The assumption of measurement equivalence was investigated by comparing adult age differences in the relations among alternative versions of the same tests, among different tests of the same ability, and among different cognitive abilities. Results from three independent data sets revealed that only modest age differences were apparent at each level, which implies that cognitive abilities have similar measurement properties at different ages in adulthood...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735555/parent-ratings-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-what-is-the-optimum-factor-model
#11
Rapson Gomez, Vasilis Stavropoulos
To date, at least 12 different models have been suggested for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The current study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the relative support for these models. In all, 1,407 Malaysian parents completed SDQ ratings of their children (age range = 5-13 years). Although the findings showed some degree of support for all 12 models, there was most support for an oblique six-factor model that included the five SDQ domains (emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer problems, and low prosocial behavior) and a positive construal factor comprising all the 10 SDQ positive worded items...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730850/development-and-validation-of-the-heidelberg-form-for-emotion-regulation-strategies-hferst-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity
#12
Shahrzad Izadpanah, Sven Barnow, Andreas B Neubauer, Julia Holl
The Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (HFERST) was developed to complement previous emotion regulation (ER) questionnaires and addresses some of their limitations by measuring eight ER strategies. An initial item pool was developed in German following expert discussions and adaptation of the items from existing ER scales. Following a stepwise selection based on the experts' judgments, 32 items with the best content validity were chosen. Results of an exploratory factor analysis in Study 1 ( N = 399) and two confirmatory factor analyses in Studies 2 ( N = 715) and 3 ( N = 408) supported the eight-factor structure of the HFERST and provided evidence for its internal consistency, construct and criterion validity, and clinical utility...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705020/differential-item-functioning-of-the-full-and-brief-wisconsin-schizotypy-scales-in-asian-white-hispanic-and-multiethnic-samples-and-between-sexes
#13
David C Cicero, Elizabeth A Martin, Alexander Krieg
The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales, including their brief versions, are among the most commonly used self-report measures of schizotypy. Although they have been used extensively in many ethnic groups, few studies have examined their differential item functioning (DIF) across groups. The current study included 1,056 Asian, 408 White, 476 Multiethnic, and 372 Hispanic undergraduates. Unidimensional models of the brief Magical Ideation Scale and Perceptual Aberration Scales fit the data well. For both scales, global tests of measurement invariance provided mixed evidence, but few of the items displayed DIF across ethnicities or between sexes within a multiple indicator multiple causes model...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703033/the-attitudes-about-parenting-strategies-for-anxiety-scale-a-measure-of-parenting-attitudes-about-protective-and-intrusive-behavior
#14
Elizabeth J Kiel, Keshia B Wagers, Aaron M Luebbe
Protective and intrusive parenting behaviors consistently relate to children's anxiety development. We present two studies describing the development of the Attitudes about Parenting Strategies for Anxiety (APSA) scale, which assesses parent distress about children's displays of anxiety and shyness as well as parent attitudes about the effectiveness of protective and intrusive responses across several domains. Study 1 included 594 parents who completed the APSA and additional measures online and established the factor structure, internal reliability, and validity of the measure...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703011/psychopathic-personality-traits-in-the-military-an-examination-of-the-levenson-self-report-psychopathy-scales-in-a-novel-sample
#15
Joye C Anestis, Bradley A Green, Randolph C Arnau, Michael D Anestis
The Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale is a short, self-report measure initially developed to assess psychopathic traits in noninstitutionalized samples. The present study aimed to explore factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale in a large U.S. military sample (90.7% Army National Guard). Factor analytic data, regression, and correlational analyses point to the superiority of Brinkley, Diamond, Magaletta, and Heigel's three-factor model in this sample...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703010/validation-of-a-psychological-screening-algorithm-for-predicting-spine-surgery-outcomes
#16
Ryan J Marek, Andrew R Block, Yossef S Ben-Porath
It is well established that psychological factors can affect spine surgery results. A widely utilized presurgical psychological screening (PPS) algorithm that combines established psychosocial risk factors to determine patients' likelihood of achieving successful spine surgery results is evaluated in this study. Patients ( n = 603) underwent a PPS, including a diagnostic interview, psychometric testing, and review of medical records. The evaluator completed a PPS algorithm for patients, placing them into one of five prognosis categories, ranging from excellent to poor...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703009/evaluating-the-ecological-validity-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire-among-obese-adults-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#17
Tyler B Mason, Carly R Pacanowski, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study evaluated the ecological validity (i.e., accurate measurement of a construct as experienced in naturalistic settings) of the self-report Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Obese adults ( N = 50) completed the DEBQ, followed by a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol that included measures of eating episodes and associated intrapersonal contextual factors. Results revealed that DEBQ Emotional Eating was associated with greater negative affect and less positive affect at both pre- and post-eating episode, as well as post-eating ratings of feeling driven to eat...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703008/satisficing-in-mental-health-care-patients-the-effect-of-cognitive-symptoms-on-self-report-data-quality
#18
Judith M Conijn, L Andries van der Ark, Philip Spinhoven
Respondents may use satisficing (i.e., nonoptimal) strategies when responding to self-report questionnaires. These satisficing strategies become more likely with decreasing motivation and/or cognitive ability (Krosnick, 1991). Considering that cognitive deficits are characteristic of depressive and anxiety disorders, depressed and anxious patients may be prone to satisficing. Using data from the Netherland's Study of Depression and Anxiety ( N = 2,945), we studied the relationship between depression and anxiety, cognitive symptoms, and satisficing strategies on the NEO Five-Factor Inventory...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662589/model-selection-in-continuous-test-norming-with-gamlss
#19
Lieke Voncken, Casper J Albers, Marieke E Timmerman
To compute norms from reference group test scores, continuous norming is preferred over traditional norming. A suitable continuous norming approach for continuous data is the use of the Box-Cox Power Exponential model, which is found in the generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape. Applying the Box-Cox Power Exponential model for test norming requires model selection, but it is unknown how well this can be done with an automatic selection procedure. In a simulation study, we compared the performance of two stepwise model selection procedures combined with four model-fit criteria (Akaike information criterion, Bayesian information criterion, generalized Akaike information criterion (3), cross-validation), varying data complexity, sampling design, and sample size in a fully crossed design...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649849/toward-establishing-a-standard-symptom-set-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-evidence-from-teacher-ratings-in-a-community-sample
#20
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Aidan P Schmitt, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
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