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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201923/reexamining-adhd-related-self-reporting-problems-using-polynomial-regression
#1
Margaret H Sibley, Mileini Campez, Joseph S Raiker
Individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) underreport symptoms compared with informants and objective measures. This study applied enhanced statistical methodology (polynomial regression) to the study of ADHD self-reporting to clarify what contributes to symptom underreporting by adolescents with ADHD ( N = 107; ages = 11-15 years). Polynomial regression models were conducted to test competing hypotheses about the nature of self-reporting problems. Traditional difference score models were nested within polynomial regression models to examine how modeling strategy influences results...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164725/applying-psycholinguistic-evidence-to-the-construction-of-a-new-test-of-verbal-memory-in-late-life-cognitive-decline
#2
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, David Brieber, Johanna Egle, Georg Mandler, Thomas Jahn
The construction of the German Auditory Wordlist Learning Test (AWLT) for the assessment of verbal memory in late-life cognitive decline was guided by psycholinguistic evidence, which indicates that a word's linguistic characteristics influence its probability of being learned and recalled. The AWLT includes four trials of learning, short and long delayed free recall, and a recognition task. Its words were selected with taking into account their semantic content, orthographic length, frequency in the language, and orthographic neighborhood size (the number of words derived by adding, subtracting, or replacing a single letter at a time)...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161971/assessment-of-implicit-self-esteem-in-older-adults
#3
Ineke Demeyer, Nuria Romero, Rudi De Raedt
The interplay between actual and ideal self-esteem may be a key component in emotional disorders. Since automatic self-evaluations are not always consciously accessible, assessment through implicit measures is necessary. Given the lack of implicit self-esteem measures in late life, we aimed to identify a reliable measure and to clarify the role of actual and ideal self-esteem in mood and depressive symptoms in older adults. Forty-nine older adults completed two adapted Go/No go Association tasks measuring implicit actual and ideal self-esteem and measures of mood and depressive symptoms...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135828/development-administration-and-structural-validity-of-a-brief-computerized-neurocognitive-battery
#4
Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Michael L Thomas, Gregory G Brown, Matthew K Nock, Adam P Savitt, John G Keilp, Steven Heeringa, Robert J Ursano, Murray B Stein
The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a research project aimed at identifying risk and protective factors for suicide and related mental health outcomes among Army Soldiers. The New Soldier Study component of Army STARRS included the assessment of a range of cognitive- and emotion-processing domains linked to brain systems related to suicidal behavior including posttraumatic stress disorder, mood disorders, substance use disorders, and impulsivity. We describe the design and application of the Army STARRS neurocognitive test battery to a sample of 56,824 soldiers...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135808/behavioral-assessment-of-the-negative-emotion-aspect-of-distress-tolerance
#5
Jennifer C Veilleux, Garrett A Pollert, Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer A Shaver, Morgan A Hill
The current behavioral tasks assessing distress tolerance measure tolerance to frustration and tolerance to physical discomfort, but do not explicitly assess tolerance to negative emotion. We closely evaluated the conceptual distinctions between current behavioral tasks and self-report tasks assessing distress tolerance, and then developed a new behavioral distress tolerance task called the Emotional Image Tolerance (EIT) task. The EIT task retains elements of existing behavioral tasks (e.g., indices of persistence) while augmenting the reliability and content sufficiency of existing measures by including multiple trials, including a variety of negative affect stimuli, and separating overall task persistence from task persistence after onset of distress...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118726/the-utility-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-in-the-assessment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#6
Benjamin W Bellet, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Danielle H Thomas, Matthew T Luciano
We examined the use of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in a small sample of 47 U.S. military veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Approximately half of the sample met criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. PAI profiles were compared between the PTSD and non-PTSD groups. The PTSD group had clinically significant scores (≥ 70 T) on the PAI for 5 clinical scales (anxiety, anxiety-related disorders, depression, paranoia, and schizophrenia) and 10 clinical subscales consistent with the typical symptom picture for PTSD...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092988/measurement-invariance-of-the-prodromal-questionnaire-brief-among-white-asian-hispanic-and-multiracial-populations
#7
David C Cicero, Alexander Krieg, Elizabeth A Martin
The Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief is a scale that is used to screen individuals for risk for the development of psychosis. It has promising psychometric properties in clinical and nonclinical populations, including undergraduates. However, the measurement invariance of the scale has not been examined in Asian, White, Hispanic, and Multiracial samples. A total of 2,767 undergraduates at two large public U.S. universities completed the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief. The Total scores had configural and scalar invariance, while the Distress scores displayed configural, metric, and partial scalar invariance...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092974/the-development-of-a-brief-version-of-the-posttraumatic-cognitions-inventory-ptci-9
#8
Stephanie Y Wells, Leslie A Morland, Elisa M Torres, Karen Kloezeman, Margaret-Anne Mackintosh, Gregory A Aarons
Negative posttraumatic cognitions lead to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. There is a need for a brief measure to assess these cognitions. Participants were administered the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) and measures of mental health symptomatology. These data were used to develop a brief version of the PTCI (PTCI-9) in 223 male and female veterans, which was then examined in a sample of 117 female civilians. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated an acceptable fit in both samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076976/measuring-parenting-throughout-adolescence
#9
Martijn Van Heel, Patricia Bijttebier, Stephan Claes, Hilde Colpin, Luc Goossens, Wim Van Den Noortgate, Karine Verschueren, Karla Van Leeuwen
This study examined the structural validity of the parenting concept throughout adolescence. First, we examined whether an established five-dimension parenting model including support, proactive control, punitive control, harsh punitive control, and psychological control, showed longitudinal invariance across time (i.e., early, middle, and late adolescence) and measurement invariance across informants (i.e., mothers, fathers, and adolescents). Second, patterns of continuity and discontinuity in these dimensions were examined from the perspective of the different informants...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076970/future-directions-for-work-on-refinement-of-adhd-assessment-in-young-adults
#10
Michelle M Martel, Ulrich Schimmack, Joel T Nigg
Sibley, Coxe, and Molina provide a thoughtful discussion of the implications of our study and highlight important future directions in this line of work. They helpfully amplify several themes that space did not allow discussion of in our article. In particular, they correctly emphasize the importance of theoretical as well as statistical considerations in model selection. We also agree that clinical tests of sensitivity and specificity, taking into account different base rates and types of samples, are essential before a final algorithm would be ready for dissemination...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064528/how-consistent-is-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-across-occasions-sources-and-settings-evidence-from-latent-state-trait-modeling
#11
Jonathan Preszler, G Leonard Burns, Kaylee Litson, Christian Geiser, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker
Research has yet to determine how much of the variance in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptom ratings is consistent across occasions, sources, and settings versus specific to occasion, source, and setting. Our first objective was to determine the amount of variance in SCT ratings that was consistent ( trait consistency) across three occasions of measurement over 12 months versus specific to the occasion ( occasion-specificity) with ratings by mothers, fathers, primary teachers, and secondary teachers of 811 Spanish children...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064516/using-dominance-analysis-to-decompose-narcissism-and-its-relation-to-aggression-and-externalizing-outcomes
#12
Colin E Vize, Katherine L Collison, Michael L Crowe, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Research on narcissism has shown it to be multidimensional construct. As such, the relations the larger construct bear with certain outcomes may mask heterogeneity apparent at the more basic trait level. This article used the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory, a Five-Factor Model-based measure of narcissism that allows for multiple levels of analysis, to examine the relative importance of narcissistic traits in relation to aggression, externalizing behavior, and self-esteem outcomes in two independent samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052690/social-anxiety-scale-for-adolescents-sas-a-short-form
#13
Stefanie A Nelemans, Wim H J Meeus, Susan J T Branje, Karla Van Leeuwen, Hilde Colpin, Karine Verschueren, Luc Goossens
In this study, we examined the longitudinal measurement invariance of a 12-item short version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) in two 4-year longitudinal community samples ( Nsample 1 = 815, Mage T1 = 13.38 years; Nsample 2 = 551, Mage T1 = 14.82 years). Using confirmatory factor analyses, we found strict longitudinal measurement invariance for the three-factor structure of the SAS-A across adolescence, across samples, and across gender. Some developmental changes in social anxiety were found from early to mid-adolescence, as well as gender differences across adolescence...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052687/psychometric-properties-of-7-and-30-day-versions-of-the-promis-emotional-distress-item-banks-in-an-australian-adult-sample
#14
Philip J Batterham, Matthew Sunderland, Natacha Carragher, Alison L Calear
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the PROMIS depression, anxiety, and anger item banks in a large Australian population-based sample. The study tested for unidimensionality; evaluated invariance across age, gender, and education; assessed local independence; and tested item bank scores as an indicator for clinical criteria. In addition, equivalence of the 7-day time frame against an alternative 30-day time frame was assessed. A sample of 3,175 Australian adults were recruited into the study through online advertising...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043161/the-metacognitions-questionnaire-30
#15
Thomas A Fergus, Joseph R Bardeen
The Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30) is a self-report measure that assesses metacognitive beliefs (i.e., beliefs about thinking). Prior research has supported a correlated five-factor model, but no known published study has examined the tenability of second-order or bifactor models of the MCQ-30. Results supported a bifactor model of the MCQ-30 in a sample of community adults from the United States ( N = 785), as well as separately among men ( n = 372) and women ( n = 413). Multiple-groups confirmatory factor analysis supported the configural and metric/scalar invariance of the bifactor model among men and women...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043160/validation-of-a-dynamic-measure-of-current-cognitive-reserve-in-a-longitudinally-assessed-sample-of-healthy-older-adults
#16
Mathew J Summers, Megan E Thow, David D Ward, Nichole L Saunders, Shannon Z Klekociuk, Abbie-Rose Imlach, Jeffery J Summers, James C Vickers
Cognitive reserve (CR) is a theoretical construct describing the underlying cognitive capacity of an individual that confers differential levels of resistance to, and recovery from, brain injuries of various types. To date, estimates of an individual's level of CR have been based on single proxy measures that are retrospective and static in nature. To develop a measure of dynamic change in CR across a lifetime, we previously identified a latent factor, derived from an exploratory factor analysis of a large sample of healthy older adults, as current CR (cCR)...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043158/challenges-and-developments-in-the-assessment-of-mal-adaptive-personality-and-pathological-states-in-older-adults
#17
Gina Rossi, Arjan Videler, S P J van Alphen
Since older adults often show an atypical presentation of (mal)adaptive personality traits and pathological states, the articles in this special issue will concisely discuss some perennial issues in clinical assessment in older adults and thus outline the main challenges this domain faces. By bringing empirical work and meta-analytic studies from leading scholars in the field of geropsychology, the articles will also address these challenges by reporting the latest developments in the field. This way, we hope to reshape the way clinicians and researchers assess (mal)adaptive personality and pathological states in older adults into a more reliable and valid assessment method that integrates the specific biopsychosocial context of older age...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940882/an-investigation-of-a-computerized-sequential-depression-module-of-the-mmpi-2
#18
Alex C Nyquist, Johnathan D Forbey
The current study investigated the utility and validity of a computerized "depression" module of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second version (MMPI-2), with and without sequential testing rules, with a college student sample. Participants completed one of three MMPI-2 test-retest administrations (i.e., conventional-conventional, conventional-module, or conventional-sequential module) as well as 15 criterion measures across two testing sessions exactly 1 week apart. The findings pointed to statistically significant and clinically meaningful time-savings in administering selected MMPI-2 scales (for both full-length and variable-length versions)...
December 8, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932403/using-the-de-jong-gierveld-loneliness-scale-with-early-adolescents-factor-structure-reliability-stability-and-external-validity
#19
Paweł Grygiel, Grzegorz Humenny, Sławomir Rębisz
The present investigation is the first examination of the factor structures, reliability, external validity, longitudinal invariance, and stability of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS), as used with early adolescents. It is based on a two-wave, large, representative sample of Polish primary school pupils. The results demonstrate that the model most reflective of the factor structure of the DJGLS is the bifactor model, which assumes the occurrence of one, highly reliable, general factor (overall sense of loneliness) and two, relatively irrelevant, subfactors...
December 8, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033716/development-and-initial-test-of-the-safety-behaviors-in-test-anxiety-questionnaire
#20
Ross W Knoll, David P Valentiner, Jacob B Holzman
The purpose of the current studies is to identify safety behavior dimensions relevant to test anxiety, to develop a questionnaire to assess those dimensions, and to examine the validity of that questionnaire. Items were generated from interviews with college students ( N = 24). Another sample ( N = 301) completed an initial 33-item measure. Another sample ( N = 151) completed the final 19-item version the Safety Behaviors in Test Anxiety Questionnaire and provided access to their academic records. Interviews and expert evaluations were used to select items for the initial pool...
December 1, 2016: Assessment
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