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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649849/toward-establishing-a-standard-symptom-set-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-evidence-from-teacher-ratings-in-a-community-sample
#1
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Aidan P Schmitt, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639483/assessing-narcissism-using-rorschach-based-imagery-and-behavior-validated-by-clinician-reports-studies-with-adult-patients-and-nonpatients
#2
Emanuela S Gritti, David P Marino, Margherita Lang, Gregory J Meyer
We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639455/item-response-theory-analysis-of-the-psychopathic-personality-inventory-revised
#3
Alexander E Eichenbaum, David K Marcus, Brian F French
This study examined item and scale functioning in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) using an item response theory analysis. PPI-R protocols from 1,052 college student participants (348 male, 704 female) were analyzed. Analyses were conducted on the 131 self-report items comprising the PPI-R's eight content scales, using a graded response model. Scales collected a majority of their information about respondents possessing higher than average levels of the traits being measured. Each scale contained at least some items that evidenced limited ability to differentiate between respondents with differing levels of the trait being measured...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629232/latent-profile-analysis-of-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-a-sample-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#4
Jenny Gu, Anke Karl, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss, Thorsten Barnhofer, Catherine Crane
BACKGROUND: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning. METHOD: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627220/the-german-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-10-evaluation-of-dimensionality-validity-and-measurement-invariance-with-exploratory-and-confirmatory-bifactor-modeling
#5
Dorota Reis, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, David Daniel Ebert
The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument for measuring the degree to which individuals appraise situations in their lives as excessively uncontrollable and overloaded. Despite its widespread use (e.g., for evaluating intervention effects in stress management studies), there is still no agreement on its factor structure. Hence, the aim of the present study was to examine the dimensionality, measurement invariance (i.e., across gender, samples, and time), reliability, and validity of the PSS. Data from 11,939 German adults (73% women) were used to establish an exploratory bifactor model for the PSS with one general and two specific factors and to cross-validate this model in a confirmatory bifactor model...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621146/dissociation-of-executive-and-attentional-elements-of-the-digit-span-task-in-a-population-of-older-adults-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Denise R LaBelle, Bern G Lee, Justin B Miller
The prevailing model for working memory proposes the existence of a "central executive" responsible for coordinating and prioritizing incoming information from sensory and association cortices. The Digit Span task is commonly used by clinicians to parse attentional and executive components of working memory; however, the interrelatedness of these constructs in the context of advanced age and neurodegenerative disease remains an area of active investigation. The current study details a procedure and rationale for the use of latent class analysis, a data-driven, person-centered method, in the investigation of older adults and dementia...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621145/evaluating-the-hierarchical-structure-of-adhd-symptoms-and-invariance-across-age-and-gender
#7
Alexandra Sturm, James T McCracken, Li Cai
The bifactor model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been extensively explored, yet the tendency of the bifactor model to overfit data necessitates investigation of alternative, more parsimonious models, such as a modified bifactor structure. The present study used item response theory to compare unidimensional, correlated factors, bifactor, and modified bifactor models of ADHD symptoms in a clinical sample of youth ( N = 1,612) and examined differential item functioning (DIF) by age (<11 and ≥11 years) and gender...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618858/equivalence-of-laptop-and-tablet-administrations-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#8
William H Menton, Adam H Crighton, Anthony M Tarescavage, Ryan J Marek, Adam D Hicks, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The present study investigated the comparability of laptop computer- and tablet-based administration modes for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Employing a counterbalanced within-subjects design, the MMPI-2-RF was administered via both modes to a sample of college undergraduates ( N = 133). Administration modes were compared in terms of mean scale scores, internal consistency, test-retest consistency, external validity, and administration time. Mean scores were generally similar, and scores produced via both methods appeared approximately equal in terms of internal consistency and test-retest consistency...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598216/the-impact-of-partial-factorial-invariance-on-cross-group-comparisons
#9
Dexin Shi, Hairong Song, Melanie D Lewis
This study explored the impact of partial factorial invariance on cross-group comparisons of latent variables, including latent means, latent variances, structural relations (or correlations) with other constructs, and regression coefficients as predicting external variables. The results indicate that the estimates of factor mean differences are sensitive to violations of invariance on both factor loadings and intercepts. Noninvariant factor loadings were also found to influence the cross-group comparisons of factor variances and regression coefficients (slopes, in the raw metric) with external variables...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583005/development-and-validation-of-the-faceted-inventory-of-the-five-factor-model-fi-ffm
#10
David Watson, Ericka Nus, Kevin D Wu
The Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM) is a comprehensive hierarchical measure of personality. The FI-FFM was created across five phases of scale development. It includes five facets apiece for neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness; four facets within agreeableness; and three facets for openness. We present reliability and validity data obtained from three samples. The FI-FFM scales are internally consistent and highly stable over 2 weeks (retest rs ranged from .64 to .82, median r = ...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574277/development-of-the-trauma-related-anger-scale
#11
Connor Sullivan, Russell T Jones, Neil Hauenstein, Bradley White
Anger is a pervasive problem following traumatic events. Previous research has demonstrated a moderate relationship between anger and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet findings also highlight that anger has not been rigorously measured in the context of PTSD. Thus, this study concerns the development of a complimentary measure to assess anger in the context of PTSD. Participants were 435 undergraduate students. The participants were given a battery including the proposed scale and measures of trauma exposure, PTSD, anger, depression, anxiety, and social desirability...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548541/structure-reliability-measurement-stability-and-construct-validity-of-the-polish-version-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#12
Ilona Skoczeń, Radosław Rogoza, Marta Rogoza, Chad Ebesutani, Bruce Chorpita
The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) is a self-report questionnaire that aims to assess symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders in children. Two studies were conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the RCADS. Study 1 was conducted to analyze the structural validity and reliability of the RCADS scores and Study 2 assessed the longitudinal measurement of stability over time. Data were collected from a community sample of 501 children and adolescents aged 8 to 14 years in Poland...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503935/personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5-in-clinical-versus-nonclinical-individuals-generalizability-of-psychometric-features
#13
Bo Bach, Martin Sellbom, Erik Simonsen
The Personality Inventory for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (PID-5) was developed for the assessment of pathological traits in clinical settings. However, most research on the PID-5 is derived from nonclinical samples. To date, the comparability and generalizability of PID-5 constructs across nonclinical and clinical samples have not been adequately investigated. Therefore, we investigated the measurement invariance, five-factor structure, and factor correlations across clinical and nonclinical samples...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503932/maladaptive-personality-trait-models-validating-the-five-factor-model-maladaptive-trait-measures-with-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-and-neo-personality-inventory
#14
Ashley C Helle, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
Eight measures have been developed to assess maladaptive variants of the five-factor model (FFM) facets specific to personality disorders (e.g., Five-Factor Borderline Inventory [FFBI]). These measures can be used in their entirety or as facet-based scales (e.g., FFBI Affective Dysregulation) to improve the comprehensiveness of assessment of pathological personality. There are a limited number of studies examining these scales with other measures of similar traits (e.g., DSM-5 alternative model). The current study examined the FFM maladaptive scales in relation to the respective general personality traits of the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised and the pathological personality traits of the DSM-5 alternative model using the Personality Inventory for DSM-5...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470086/a-reexamination-of-child-problem-behaviors-as-measured-by-ecbi-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-two-parent-training-interventions
#15
Silje S Hukkelberg
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is a widely used instrument that assesses disruptive problem behaviors via parent report. The present study compares three different conceptualizations of problem behaviors using traditional confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), a bifactor-CFA, and a bifactor exploratory structural equation model, whereof the latter two represent novel conceptualizations of disruptive problem behaviors. Data were derived from 353 Norwegian parents assigned to parent management training-the Oregon model (PMTO; N = 137) or brief parent training (BPT; N = 216), who rated their child's problem behavior (age 3-12 years)...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467115/developing-and-validating-a-computerized-adaptive-test-to-measure-broad-and-specific-factors-of-internalizing-in-a-community-sample
#16
Matthew Sunderland, Philip Batterham, Natacha Carragher, Alison Calear, Tim Slade
Highly efficient assessments that better account for comorbidity between mood and anxiety disorders (internalizing) are required to identify individuals who are most at risk of psychopathology in the community. The current study examined the efficiency and validity associated with a multidimensional computerized adaptive test (CAT) to measure broad and specific levels of internalizing psychopathology. The sample comprised 3,175 respondents to an online survey. Items from five banks (generalized anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder) were jointly calibrated using a bifactor item response theory model...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459165/gender-invariance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-nonproductive-thoughts-questionnaire-for-children
#17
Natália Kocsel, Kata Mónok, Edina Szabó, Antony Morgan, Melinda Reinhardt, Róbert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics, Gyöngyi Kökönyei
Perseverative cognitions-rumination and worry-can contribute to mental and somatic health problems in adolescence. Girls usually report stronger rumination or worry than boys even in earlier years across the development age spectrum. Our aim was to test the gender invariance and psychometric properties of the Nonproductive Thoughts Questionnaire for Children (NPTQ-C). Study 1 involved 1,572 students (mean age = 15.39 years, SD = 2.26; 49% boy) recruited representatively from local schools. We applied confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test the measurement model of perseverative cognitions...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454493/validity-in-phallometric-testing-for-sexual-interests-in-children-a-meta-analytic-review
#18
Ian V McPhail, Chantal A Hermann, Stephanie Fernane, Yolanda M Fernandez, Kevin L Nunes, James M Cantor
Valid assessment of pedohebephilic interests (i.e., sexual interest in children) is fundamental to forensic clinical practice. Phallometric testing-which measures changes in penile circumference or volume, while stimuli depicting different ages and sexual activities are presented-is widely used in clinical and research settings to detect such interests. This meta-analysis summarizes studies comparing sexual offenders against children and various types of controls on phallometric tests for pedohebephilic interests (37 samples; N = 6,785) and studies examining the relationship between phallometric test scores and sexual reoffending (16 samples; N = 2,709)...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434237/factor-structure-and-invariance-of-an-adolescent-risks-and-needs-assessment
#19
Paul S Strand, Chad M Gotch, Brian F French, Jessica L Beaver
The Washington Assessment of Risks and Needs of Students is a youth self-report screening instrument developed for use by high school and juvenile court personnel faced with the legal and practical challenges of high truancy and dropout rates. It purports to measure six facets of risks and needs of youth relevant to improving school outcomes. In this study, a bifactor model measuring a general factor and six specific factors was examined for fit and invariance across different groups defined by sex and race/ethnicity, with a sample of court-petitioned high school students ( N = 937; ages 13-17 years)...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434236/incremental-validity-of-self-and-informant-report-of-personality-disorders-in-later-life
#20
Patrick J Cruitt, Thomas F Oltmanns
Research shows moderate agreement between different sources of information when assessing personality disorders (PDs) in older adults. The differences between measurement methods appear to be not only the result of measurement error, but also an indication that each source holds nonredundant information relevant to PD diagnosis. The current article examines three sources of diagnostic information (self-report, informant report, and clinical interview) and the utility of these instruments in predicting important outcomes in older adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Assessment
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