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Journal of Veterinary Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168381/congenital-feline-hypothyroidism-with-partially-erupted-adult-dentition-in-a-10-month-old-male-neutered-domestic-shorthair-cat-a-case-report
#1
Teresa Jacobson, Judy Rochette
Congenital feline hypothyroidism was diagnosed in a 10-month-old kitten. The kitten appeared to have disproportionate dwarfism, with the clinical signs of incompletely erupted permanent dentition covered by thickened gingival tissue, short stature, a broad, flattened face, short neck, pendulous abdomen, kitten-like hair coat, and goiter. Hypothyroidism was confirmed with baseline T4 , freeT4 , and thyroid-stimulating hormone testing. The kitten was treated with thyroid hormone supplementation and monitored...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168380/crown-reduction-and-vital-pulp-therapy-in-a-dog-with-malocclusion
#2
Kari Blanchard, John Koehm
Crown reduction and vital pulp therapy is an accepted treatment for abnormal occlusion resulting in palatal trauma caused by malpositioned mandibular canine teeth in dogs and cats. This article describes use of mineral trioxide aggregate for vital pulp therapy after crown reduction. A list of materials and commonly used equipment is provided.
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168378/management-and-outcome-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-a-9-week-old-dog
#3
Ana C Castejon-Gonzalez, Mary E Buelow, Alexander M Reiter
This case report describes diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of maxillofacial trauma in a 9-week-old shih tzu. In addition to an open left mandibular body fracture and a right condylar process fracture, there were several relatively stable and minimally displaced right maxillary fractures. The torn soft tissues associated with the left mandibular body fracture were sutured closed, and a tape muzzle was placed. Due to sufficient fracture healing at the 2-week recheck examination, the tape muzzle was removed...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168376/veterinary-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-receives-well-deserved-attention
#4
John R Lewis, Kimberly Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168375/dental-pathology-of-the-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus-part-ii-periodontal-disease-tooth-resorption-and-oral-neoplasia
#5
Javier Collados, Carlos Garcia, Maria Soltero-Rivera, Carlos A Rice
The Iberian lynx is an endangered felid that has been subject to an intensive, ongoing conservation program to save it from extinction. Identification of dental pathologies could play an important role in the survival of this endangered species. The prevalence of periodontal bone loss, tooth resorption, and oral neoplasia was evaluated in this species. Skulls of 88 adult specimens of the Iberian lynx ( Lynx pardinus) from the Doñana Biological Station (EBD-CSIC), Seville, Spain, were examined macroscopically and full-mouth dental radiographs of all specimens were performed...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168372/dental-pathology-of-the-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus-part-i-congenital-developmental-and-traumatic-abnormalities
#6
Javier Collados, Carlos Garcia, Carlos A Rice
The Iberian lynx is an endangered felid that has been subject to an intensive ongoing conservation program in an attempt to save it from extinction. Identification of dental pathologies could play an important role in the survival of this endangered species. The objective of this study is to evaluate the dental pathologies (congenital, developmental, and traumatic abnormalities) of this species of felid. Skulls of 88 adult specimens of the Iberian lynx ( Lynx pardinus) from the Doñana Biological Station [Estación Biológica de Doñana-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas] (EBD-CSIC), Seville, Spain, were examined macroscopically, and full-mouth dental radiographs of all specimens were performed...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016898/validation-of-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence-for-quantifying-calculus-on-dogs-teeth
#7
Corrin Wallis, Judi Allsopp, Alison Colyer, Lucy J Holcombe
Periodontal disease is a common disease of dogs and is initiated by the buildup of plaque on the tooth surface. As plaque matures, it becomes mineralized to form calculus, which although not directly involved in the etiology of periodontal disease, provides an irregular surface to which plaque can adhere. Evaluation of the quantity of plaque and calculus on dogs' teeth is therefore essential to enable the efficacy of products, designed to prevent or retard plaque and calculus accumulation, to be evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine whether quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLFTM ) is a suitable tool to quantify the amount of calculus on the buccal surface of dogs' teeth following the removal of disclosed plaque by tooth brushing...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865988/oral-and-dental-examination-findings-in-a-family-of-zoo-suricates-suricata-suricatta
#8
Pavel Kvapil, Ana Nemec, Marko Zadravec, Joško Račnik
Although similar oral and dental diseases as seen in dogs, cats, ferrets, and other carnivores are expected in suricates, published data on their oral and dental diseases are rare. The objective of this report is therefore to describe oral and dental examination findings in a family of zoo suricates. In this cross-sectional clinical study, detailed oral and dental examination and full-mouth dental radiographs were performed in 6 suricates undergoing general anesthesia for their regular annual wellness check...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865987/unusual-dental-morphology-in-a-chimpanzee-a-case-report-utilizing-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#9
Samah M Al-Amery, Phrabhakaran Nambiar, Jacob John, Kathiravan Purmal, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Nor Himazian Mohamed, Subramaniam Vellayan
This case report illustrates the teeth morphology of a chimpanzee and its anatomical variations. A well-preserved skull of a male Pan troglodytes troglodyte chimpanzee was scanned using a cone-beam computed tomography machine. Measurements included tooth and crown height, root length, root canal length and width (posterior teeth), and pulp cavity length (anterior teeth). Nonmetrical parameters included number of canals and foramina per root of every root. Interestingly, the mandibular central incisor was longer than the lateral incisor, and all the mandibular anterior teeth presented with a solitary flame-shaped or conical-calcified structure in their pulp cavity...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865986/assessment-of-temporary-crown-extensions-to-correct-linguoverted-mandibular-canine-teeth-in-72-client-owned-dogs-2012-2016
#10
Sigbjørn H Storli, Robert A Menzies, Alexander M Reiter
A search of the medical and dental records at Evidensia Lørenskog Dyreklinikk, in Lørenskog, Norway, was conducted to identify dogs that received temporary crown extensions (TCEs) to correct linguoverted mandibular canine (LMC) teeth over a 54-month investigation period (2012-2016). Criteria for inclusion into the study were the presence of complete medical and dental records, pre- and postoperative clinical photographs and intraoral radiographs of the affected canine teeth, adequate information pertaining to the procedures performed, and at least 1 follow-up >3 months after appliance removal...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865985/interrelationships-between-morphometric-densitometric-and-mechanical-properties-of-teeth-in-5-month-old-polish-merino-sheep
#11
Marcin R Tatara, Anna Szabelska, Witold Krupski, Barbara Tymczyna, Iwona Łuszczewska-Sierakowska, Jarosław Bieniaś, Monika Ostapiuk
Interrelationships between morphological, densitometric, and mechanical properties of deciduous mandibular teeth (incisors, canine, second premolar) were investigated. To perform morphometric, densitometric, and mechanical analyses, teeth were obtained from 5-month-old sheep. Measurements of mean volumetric tooth mineral density and total tooth volume were performed using quantitative computed tomography. Microcomputed tomography was used to measure total enamel volume, volumetric enamel mineral density, total dentin volume, and volumetric dentin mineral density...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865984/dental-dam-application-for-endodontics-in-dogs-a-novel-clamp-kit
#12
Miguel Cardoso, Rita Noites, Dora Catré, Manuel Paulo, Carlos Viegas
Although rubber dams are widely used in endodontic treatment in humans with well-known advantages, their use in veterinary medicine is uncommon. The use of a dental rubber dam provides better control of cross-infection, prevents soft tissue contact of chemicals, and improves treatment efficiency. The purpose of this article is to describe a new line of clamps specifically designed for dogs and to review the procedure and materials used for isolating the operative field in endodontic patients. This new design of clamps, better adapted to canine tooth anatomy with different sizes and conformations, has been successfully used in dogs by the authors with good clinical results...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865983/aging-like-a-fine-wine-journal-of-veterinary-dentistry-turns-35
#13
John R Lewis, Kimberly Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865982/malignant-transformation-of-a-canine-papillomavirus-type-1-induced-persistent-oral-papilloma-in-a-3-year-old-dog
#14
Adriana Margarita Regalado Ibarra, Loïc Legendre, John S Munday
This case report describes a rare case of a persistent canine papillomavirus type 1 (CPV-1)-induced oral papilloma that underwent malignant transformation into an oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in a 3-year-old Labrador retriever cross. Initially, the patient had multiple and multifocal verrucous lesions populating the oral cavity exclusively. The papillomas persisted despite multiple surgical ablations, azithromycin, interferon α-2b, alternative medicines, and off-label drug use of an immunostimulant...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865980/foundation-for-veterinary-dentistry-veterinary-dental-research-grant
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865978/a-volumetric-assessment-using-computed-tomography-of-canine-and-first-molar-roots-in-dogs-of-varying-weight
#16
Ellen Scherer, Christopher J Snyder, Jessica Malberg, Brittney Rigby, Scott Hetzel, Ken Waller
Mandibular volume and tooth root volumes were shown to increase at different rates at locations containing the roots of the canine (C) and mesial and distal roots of the first molar (M1). Thirty-six dogs were included in this study. Data were generated using computed tomography at locations of the mandible involving the roots of the C and M1 teeth. Software was used to trace the external surface of the mandible, calculating the volume of the mandible at each location. Similar techniques were used to trace and calculate the volume of the C and M1 roots...
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865975/attention-veterinary-technicians-managers-and-veterinarians
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486689/attention-veterinary-technicians-managers-and-veterinarians
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486687/transposition-of-mandibular-molars-in-a-dog
#19
Allison Woody
Tooth transposition is a rare anomaly resulting in the interchanged position of 2 permanent teeth. Etiology of tooth transposition is unclear. In human dentistry, multiple influences are described, and there is strong evidence of a genetic basis. This is the first reported case of tooth transposition in a dog.
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486686/a-modified-technique-for-extraction-site-closure-of-the-maxillary-molars-in-a-dog
#20
Curt Ritchie
Performing oral surgery in dogs can present unique challenges. Among those challenges are the varying size and anatomical shape of the oral cavity in veterinary patients. Very small dogs and brachycephalic breeds provide limited exposure to the caudal maxilla. With the addition of an endotracheal tube and tie, the operating window can be quite limited and difficult to visualize and instrument. The following is a simple yet effective step-by-step procedure of tension-free closure of maxillary molar extractions in the dog...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
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