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Journal of Veterinary Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487655/modified-labial-button-technique-for-maintaining-occlusion-after-caudal-mandibular-fracture-temporomandibular-joint-luxation-in-the-cat
#1
Alice E Goodman, Daniel T Carmichael
Maxillofacial trauma in cats often results in mandibular symphyseal separation in addition to injuries of the caudal mandible and/or temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Caudal mandibular and TMJ injuries are difficult to access and stabilize using direct fixation techniques, thus indirect fixation is commonly employed. The immediate goals of fixation include stabilization for return to normal occlusion and function with the long-term objective of bony union. Indirect fixation techniques commonly used for stabilization of caudal mandibular and temporomandibular joint fracture/luxation include maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) with acrylic composite, interarcade wiring, tape muzzles, and the bignathic encircling and retaining device (BEARD) technique...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487654/measuring-rabbit-oryctolagus-cuniculus-tooth-growth-and-eruption-by-fluorescence-markers-and-bur-marks
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fabia Wyss, Jacqueline Müller, Marcus Clauss, Patrick Kircher, Hans Geyer, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Jean-Michel Hatt
Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and rodents possess continuously growing teeth, and dental problems are a major health issue in these species. Knowledge of tooth growth characteristics is required to adequately treat dental problems and advise owners concerning diets. Most research was performed using bur marks and measuring eruption and wear manually. However, this method cannot be applied to teeth less rostral than the first premolar; therefore, for evaluation of molars, other methods are needed. We evaluated the use of fluorochromes xylenol orange and calcein green to measure growth rates of rabbit teeth and compared this method to results obtained by manually measuring the distance between a bur mark and the gingival margin of the same tooth (eruption) and by measuring the distance between the bur mark and the apex of the same tooth on computed tomography scans (growth)...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487653/quantification-of-canine-dental-plaque-using-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence
#3
Corrin Wallis, Yadvinder Gill, Alison Colyer, Ian Davis, Judi Allsopp, Gleb Komarov, Susan Higham, Stephen Harris
The aim of this work was to evaluate Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF) as an alternative to the established Logan and Boyce method for determining plaque coverage of dogs' teeth. In a series of studies in conscious and anesthetized dogs, QLF showed good intra-photographer repeatability (coefficient of variation [CV] of 7.5% for undisclosed teeth) and inter-photographer reproducibility (CV of 3.2% for undisclosed teeth and 8.5% for disclosed teeth). The QLF software accurately identifies areas of plaque as demonstrated by comparison to the variability of 5 human scorers, manually marking plaque on QLF-acquired images (P = 0...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487652/bridging-plate-development-for-treatment-of-segmental-bone-defects-of-the-canine-mandible-mechanical-tests-and-finite-element-method
#4
Elisângela Perez de Freitas, Sheila Canevese Rahal, Antonio Carlos Shimano, Jorge Vicente Lopes da Silva, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Alexander Oliveira El-Warrak, Alessandra Melchert
With regard to the canine mandible, a mistaken concept of application is to assume that systemic plate-bone resistance is provided by the implant so that biomechanical position could be ignored. Because the alveolar border of the mandible is a tensile zone, the plate would ideally be positioned near this area while avoiding important structures. The aim of this study was to develop 2 bridging plates for the treatment of a segmental bone defect of the canine mandible using monocortical screws to avoid damage to the tooth roots and remaining neurovascular structures...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487651/treatment-of-bignathic-malocclusions-with-multistage-active-force-orthodontic-movements-in-a-cat
#5
Chad W Lothamer, Jason W Soukup
Abstract Untreated malocclusions may lead to negative oral health sequelae including, but not limited to, pain, dental trauma, periodontal disease, and endodontic disease. Thus, orthodontic treatments of malocclusion in companion animals are often pursued for reasons other than cosmesis. Treatment may provide a pain-free, functional occlusion with the opportunity for the best possible long-term oral health. This report describes the multistage orthodontic treatment of a bignathic malocclusion in a cat, highlighting the complexities and complications that may arise with orthodontic movement of multiple teeth...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487650/editorial
#6
EDITORIAL
John R Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012064/excision-of-sublingual-granuloma
#7
Corinne Durand, Mark M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012063/managing-endodontic-instrument-separation
#8
Todd McCoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012062/management-of-temporomandibular-joint-luxation-in-a-cat-using-a-custom-made-tape-muzzle
#9
Amy J Somrak, Sandra Manfra Marretta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012061/comparison-of-dorsal-and-buccal-approaches-for-surgical-extraction-of-the-mandibular-canine-tooth-in-cat-specimens-using-radiographic-and-computed-tomographic-analysis
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amy J Somrak, Stephen Joslyn, David J Schaeffer, Sandra Manfra Marretta, Jodi Matheson
The purpose of this study was to compare the buccal and dorsal approaches for surgical extraction of mandibular canine teeth in the cat. Parameters evaluated included extraction time, surgical wound closure time, volume of bone loss, and incidence of complications. Both mandibular canine teeth were extracted from each of 12 feline cadaver specimens, using a different surgical approach for each side, and recording the time for extraction and closure. Computed tomography was used to measure the volume of each rostral mandible before and after extraction, and the bone lossfor each approach was computed...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012060/evaluation-of-an-osseous-allograft-membrane-for-guided-tissue-regeneration-in-the-dog
#11
Kevin S Stepaniuk, Wade Gingerich
Clinical application of a demineralized freeze-dried cortical bone membrane allograft (DFBMA) for treatment of intra(infra)bony periodontal pockets in dogs was evaluated. The mean pre-treatment periodontal probing depth equaled 7.2-mm. Post-treatment probing depths in all 11 cases were normal, with a mean periodontal probing gain of 5.4-mm. Guided tissue regeneration using a commercially available veterinary canine DFBMA and canine demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) resulted in clinically significant periodontal attachment gains...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012059/evaluation-of-the-natural-crown-convergence-angle-of-dog-carnassial-teeth
#12
Catherine Zimmerman, Jason W Soukup
A limiting factor in achieving an ideal crown preparation design is the natural morphology, principally the convergence angle, of the tooth. The natural convergence angle of the carnassial teeth in the dog has not been reported. The aim of the study reported here was to establish the natural crown convergence angle of the maxillary fourth premolar and mandibular first molar teeth in the dog. The natural convergence angle of the carnassial teeth in dogs was large and was not significantly associated with patient weight, age, or skull type...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012058/evaluation-of-an-accelerated-chemoradiotherapy-protocol-for-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-5-cats-and-3-dogs
#13
Ana Rejec, Jerome Benoit, Cedric Tutt, David Crossley, Janos Butinar, Natasa Ihan Hren
Accelerated radiation therapy protocols address the specific biology of aggressive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and this approach was applied in 5 feline and 3 canine oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients where surgery was not possible (4/5 feline and 2/3 canine cases) or was declined (1/5 feline and 1/3 canine cases). A protocol using 14 fractions of 3.5 Gy over 9-days, combined with carboplatin chemotherapy as a radiosensitiser (total dose 180 mg/m2 in feline and 300 mg/m2 in canine cases) resulted in a complete tumor response in most cases (4/5 feline and 3/3 canine cases) with acceptable acute and long-term side effects...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638300/ventral-approach-for-surgical-management-of-feline-sublingual-sialocele
#14
Lysimachos G Papazoglou, Emmanouil Tzimtzimis, Stefania Rampidi, Nicolaos Tzimitris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638299/lateral-approach-for-surgical-management-of-feline-sublingual-sialocele
#15
Mark M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638298/fluoride-releasing-restorative-materials
#16
Todd McCoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638297/carbon-dioxide-laser-excision-of-lingual-calcinosis-circumscripta-in-a-dog
#17
Mouzakitis E, L G Papazoglou, Loukopoulos P G, Basdani E, Papadimitriou S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638296/measurement-of-incisor-overjet-and-physiological-diastemata-parameters-in-quarter-horse-foals
#18
Carla Michel Omura, Bianca Drumond, João Luiz Júnior Rossi, Clarisse Simões Coelho, Marco Antônio Gioso
Cephalometric studies are important to quantify abnormalities of jaw length and positioning. In this study, 4 to 7-month-old Quarter horse foals (n = 51) were examined to determine overjet (horizontal overlap) prevalence and measure the size of the physiological diastemata. Results were analyzed in relation to age, sex, and lineage. Another aim of this study was to develop a simple field technique for measuring incisor malocclusion and physiological diastemata dimensions that could be used to monitor the growth of the rostral components of maxilla, incisive bone, and mandible...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638295/lingual-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-in-a-chinese-pug-dog
#19
Robert M Baratt, Jennifer Rawlinson, Lois Roth-Johnson, Carroll J Jones
A 9-year-old spayed/female Chinese Pug dog presented for evaluation of a mass located on the rostral aspect of the tongue. An incisional biopsy was acquired, submitted, and interpreted as a possible granular cell tumor based on hematoxylin and eosin, and periodic acid Schiff histopathologic staining characteristics. The diagnosis was supported by immunohistochemical evaluation that was positive for S-100, vimentin, and neuron-specific enolase. Based on the absence of mitotic figures in the incisional biopsy, a partial glossectomy was performed with gross margins of at least 1-cm...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638294/the-influence-of-crown-height-to-diameter-ratio-on-the-force-to-fracture-of-canine-teeth-in-dogs
#20
Jason W Soukup, Caitlyn Collins, Heidi-Lynn Ploeg
Previous work suggests that the tooth height to diameter ratio (H/D) may have an influence on the fracture resistance of dog canine teeth. Thus, it can be hypothesized that canine teeth with distal abrasion or teeth already requiring pulpal manipulation may benefit from a reduction in height and that an ideal H/D exists that balances tooth fracture resistance and tooth function. Therefore, a study was performed to investigate the influence of H/D on force to fracture and probability of fracture of canine teeth in dogs...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
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