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Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Maria Ashfaq, Ali Akber Sial, Rabia Bushra, Atta-Ur Rehman, Mirza Tasawur Baig, Ambreen Huma, Maryam Ahmed
Spectrophotometric technique is considered to be the simplest and operator friendly among other available analytical methods for pharmaceutical analysis. The objective of the study was to develop a precise, accurate and rapid UV-spectrophotometric method for the estimation of chlorpheniramine maleate (CPM) in pure and solid pharmaceutical formulation. Drug absorption was measured in various solvent systems including 0.1N HCl (pH 1.2), acetate buffer (pH 4.5), phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) and distil water (pH 7...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Othman A Al-Hanbali, Rania Hamed, Mosab Arafat, Youssef Bakkour, Hisham Al-Matubsi, Randa Mansour, Yazan Al-Bataineh, Mohammad Aldhoun, Muhammad Sarfraz, Abdel Khaleq Yousef Dardas
In this study, hydrophilic hydroxypropyl methylcellulose matrices with various concentrations of Poloxamer 188 were used in the development of oral controlled release tablets containing diclofenac sodium. Four formulations of hydrophilic matrix tablets containing 16.7% w/w HPMC and 0, 6.7, 16.7 and 25.0% w/w Poloxamer 188, respectively, were developed. Tablets were prepared by direct compression and characterized for diameter, hardness, thickness, weight and uniformity of content. The influence of various blends of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and Poloxamer 188 on the in vitro dissolution profile and mechanism of drug release of was investigated...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sonia Siddiqui, Zafar Saeed Saify, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Priya Tufail, Aiman Kanwal, Aisha Kamal, Faisal Khan
Vitex negundu (Vn) is a well-known aromatic shrub commonly used as a traditional folk medicine famous for its potential pharmacological and biological activities. Several chemical compounds are extracted and identified from the different parts of the Vn such as leaves, root, seeds and flowers. Number of researches reported the herb as antimicrobial, anti-androgenic, anti-osteoporotic, and anti-tumour, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-hyperglycemic and hepatoprotective. The effects of Vn on neurite outgrowth have not been identified till now...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Li Lin, Lou Ge-Er, Yin Fang-Zhou, Cai Bao-Chang, Mao Chunqin, Lu Tu-Lin, Ji De
Blood stasis (BS) is a complex syndrome with blood flow retardation or cessation. The Traditional Chinese Medicine, Curcumae rhizome (CR) and Sparganii rhizome (SR), showed promising effects on this disease, and especially effective when used in combination. However, the detailed influence of the TCMs on the BSS disturbed metabolic pathways was still unclear. In this study, a BS model was constructed in SD rat and the TCMs were used individually or in combination to assess the effects. As a result, combination of CR and SR led to the improvement in hemorheology parameters of up to 80% in the BS model...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hossam M Abdallah, Hani Z Asfour, Ali M El-Halawany, Mahmoud A Elfaky
This study was performed to assess the potential β-lactamase inhibitory properties of nineteen crude Saudi plant extracts belonging to eight families against extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESβL) strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and other medically important pathogens. A total of 276 microbial isolates of pathogenic bacteria were used in this study; only 15 of them showed decreased sensitivity to one or several of ceftazidime, aztreonam, cefotaxime or ceftriaxone, which are deemed to be possible producers of ESβL...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Bouchenak Ouahiba, Yahiaoui Karima, Benhabyles Narimen, Laoufi Razika, Arab Karim
Polyphenols have shown antioxidant activity and an ability to prevent the toxic effects of oxidative stress in diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hypoglycemic and antioxidant effect of the methanolic extract of Xanthoria parietina on rats diabetes induced by streptozotocin (40 mg/g). The results obtained show that streptozotocin induces diabetes in the animal characterized by hyperglycemia, elevation of oxidative stress markers and a decrease of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defense system...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Michael Raharja Gani, - Isnaeni, Amirudin Prawita, Achmad Fuad Hafid, Aty Widyawaruyanti
Artocarpus champeden (A. champeden) ethanol extract has been reported as antimalarial activity and prospective to be developed as phytomedicine products. The active marker compound was identical with known prenylated chalcone compound, Morachalcone A. To further develop phytomedicine products from A. champeden especially in aspects of bioavailability and pharmacokinetic, a valid, selective and sensitive analytical method becomes important to determine morachalcone A in plasma. The aim of study was to develop and validate selectivity and sensitivity of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method to determine morachalcone A in rabbit plasma...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wali Khan, Jahangir Khan, Azizur Rahman, Hamid Ullah, Mohammad Salim, Mudassar Iqbal, Israr Khan, Muhammad Salman, Bakht Munir
Hymenolepiasis is a helminthic and occasionally fatal disease of human imposing heavy economic losses to human society. Present study was aimed to diagnose the school children for the prevalence and control of Hymenolepiasis. A school based cross-sectional analysis of stool samples collected from 188 children aged 06-15 years was carried out (February to June 2016). Two stool samples were collected from each student before diagnosing and after treatment. The samples were fixed in 10% formalin and observed under the light microscope using the methods of direct smear in Lugol's solution, normal saline and flotation techniques...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Faisal Khan, Zafar Saeed Saify, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Saima Naz, Sohail Hassan, Sonia Siddiqui
Vitex negundo (Vn) extract is famous for the treatment of neurological diseases such as migraine and epilepsy. These neurological diseases have been associated with abnormally increased influx of sodium ions into the neurons. Drugs that inhibit voltage gated sodium channels can be used as potent anti-epileptics. Till now, the effects of Vn on sodium channels have not been investigated. Therefore, we have investigated the effects of methalonic fraction of Vn extract in Murine Neuro 2A cell line. Cells were cultured in a defined medium with or without the Vn extract (100 μg/ml)...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Khan Muhammad Baloch, Khan Usmanghani, Ejaz Mohiuddin, Tasneem Qureshi, Muhammad Daniyal, Muhammad Ibrar Shinwari
Plasmodium falciparum is the most well-known reason for extreme and life-debilitating malaria. Falciparum malaria causes more than 1 million deaths annually. Malaria remains a noteworthy reason for major morbidity and mortality in the tropics, with Plasmodium falciparum accountable for the mainstream of the disease weight and Plasmodium vivax being the geologically greatest broadly dispersed cause of malaria. The controlling of severe malaria comprises quick direction of suitable parenteral anti-malarial agents and initial acknowledgement and treatment of the complications...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Khadidja Tabani, Zahia Birem, Hanane Halzoune, Wassila Saiah, Farid Lahfa, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir, Naima Omari
The Citrullus colocynthis, commonly called colocynth, is known because of its purgative effects and whose seeds are commonly used as certain diseases treatment, namely liver diseases, in the Mediterranean countries traditional medicine. This study aims to analyze the effect of two colocynth extracts « glycosides » and « alkaloids » on metabolic and histological disorders associated with liver function in Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus). This pathology is due to an enriched oil palm diet. For this purpose, Wistar male rats n = 18, weighing between 130g and 150g, are divided into two lots...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Anum Tariq, Huma Ali, Farya Zafar, Ali Akbar Sial, Kamran Hameed, Mehwish Rizvi, Rabia Bushra, Saima Salim, Zeb-Un Nisa, Ghazala R Naqvi, Saba Zubair
Among the well-known Health care-associated infections (HAIs), surgical site infections (SSIs) contribute to considerable high mortality and morbidity rate, substantial prolongation in hospitalization period and extra expenses in terms of treatment cost. This study was aimed to evaluate the predictive variables associated with surgical site infections, and their clinical consequences. This was a prospective, cross sectional study conducted in the surgical department of tertiary care setting in Karachi, Pakistan...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jing-Jing Xu, Ping Huang, Yun-Ya Xiang, Bo Tan, Qing-He Wu, Ze-Hui Qin, Hong-Ying Cao
Suo Quan pill(SQP), a well-known and classical traditional Chinese medicine compound, consists of three traditional Chinese medicine: Alpinia oxyphylla Miq., Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm., Dioscorea opposite. Its effect was summarized as supplementing kidney-yang and shrinkaging urination. This study evaluated the effects of the serum of rats treated with Suo Quan pill on embryonic stem cells(ES cells). Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis of ES cells were evaluated with flow cytometry...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Aisha Kamal, Zafar Saeed Saify, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Priya Tufail, Aiman Kanwal, Faisal Khan, Sonia Siddiqui
In view of the well-documented medicinal properties of Calotropis procera (CP), the present study was designed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of the extract. We have prepared a methanolic extract of Calotropis procera and screen varying concentration of CP (20, 30, 40, 50 and 70μg/ml) for the stimulatory potency on neurite outgrowth. The stimulatory effect of CP on neurite outgrowth was assessed in primary hippocampal neurons. Neurite lengths were measured using optika provison analysis software. Neuritogenesis was further analyzed by immunostaining by using specific neuronal marker β III-tubulin...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Madiha Basit, Muhammad Hidayat Rasool, Syed Ali Raza Naqvi, Muhammad Waseem, Bilal Aslam
Present study was designed to evaluate the biosurfactant production potential by native strains of Bacillus cereus as well as determine their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The strains isolated from garden soil were characterized as B. cereus MMIC 1, MMIC 2 and MMIC 3. Biosurfactants were extracted as grey white precipitates. Optimum conditions for biosurfactant production were 37°C, the 7th day of incubation, 0.5% NaCl, pH 7.0. Moreover, corn steep liquor was the best carbon source. Biuret test, Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), agar double diffusion and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) characterized the biosurfactants as cationic lipopeptides...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ghada H Naguib, Khaled M Hosny, Ali H Hassan, Faten Al Hazmi, Ayman Al Dharrab, Hala M Alkhalidi, Mohamed T Hamed, Abeer M Alnowaiser, David H Pashley
MgO nanoparticles have been recently discovered as an antibacterial, however, they limited by property degradation due to agglomeration. The addition of a coating agent, such as a zein polymer, is effective in preventing agglomeration without affecting nanosized properties. The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial property of MgO nanoparticles when coated with a zein polymer against several oral bacteria and fungi. This was done by utilizing various assessment techniques. The ultimate aim is to use these nanoparticles in dental preparations...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ang Peng Wong, Yaman Walid Kassab, Abdul Latiff Mohamed, Amelah Mohammed Abdul Qader
Hypertension is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, Hypertension is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths, about 12.8% of the total of all deaths. This accounts for 57 million disability adjusted life years (DALYS) or 3.7% of total DALYS. This led WHO to set a target of 25% reduction in prevalence by 2025. To reach that, WHO has adopted non-conventional methods for the management of hypertension? Despite worldwide popularity of such non-conventional therapies, only small volume of evidence exists that supports its effectiveness...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Beril Anılanmert, Ibrahim Narın, Ibrahim Aydın, Munevver Acıkkol
In cases where pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical candidates are involved in drug facilitated crimes (DFC), like organ theft, robbery, rape and suicides, the analysis of drug powders or solution residues found in crime scenes may give idea on what the victims have ingested. An easy and fast simultaneous determination of 7 drugs; GHB (γ-hydroxybutyrate), GBL (γ-butyrolactone), norketamine, ketamine, fenobarbital, fenitoin and thiopental which have the potential to be used in DFC was performed. The method required no sample preparation and has 12 minutes elution time with a good chromatographic separation...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Bing Wang, Ling Ma, Lei Yin, Jing Chen, Yuanbin Zhang, Lin Dong, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. This herb is now widely cultivated in many regions of the world. Rosemary is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, foods, nutraceuticals and cosmetics. Hydro distilled essential oils, obtained from rosemary in China and the Mediterranean region, were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty-seven compounds accounting for 94.97%-99.72% of the oils were identified. The majority of the compounds in the essential oils exhibited no significant differences (table 1 and fig...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Muhammad Mukhtiar, Syed Umer Jan, Muhammad Farid Khan, Naseem Ullah, Abid Hussain, Saifur Rehman, Muhammad Murtaza Qureshi
The metalloelement Palladium has a number of potential Pharmaco-clinical advantages. Palladium compounds have antiviral, antibacterial, neuroprotective and antitumor properties. However studies have also indicated some mild to serious toxic effects of Palladium metalloelements. Biothiols are important antioxidants that provide protection against metals toxicity. The interaction of metalloelements with biothiols can provide valuable information about the level of toxicity of the metalloelements and about the protective role of biothiols thereof...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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