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Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Nasira Khatoon, Rubab Malik, Aly Khan, S Shahid Shaukat, Z S Saifi, Adnan Khan
Parasites lives on host organism with some or complete metabolic dependence on it, while the haemoparasites inhabit and nourished from blood cells of the host. The current investigation evaluated to raise awareness of blood parasite (Plasmodium spp.) infection in Korangi creek, Karachi, population and to know as to which Plasmodium species was most prevalent. One year data was collected from different hospitals and laboratories of the Korangi creek area, blood slides were prepared under the microscope. Four hundred and eighty one infected slides with Plasmodium were observed amongst them 396 (82...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Safila Naveed, Huma Dilshad
Loratidine is a piperidine derivative resemble to azatadine long acting non sedating commonly used for the treatment of allergic condition like watery or itchy eyes, runny nose, chronic urticaria or throat itching. In the present study different brands of loratidine were evaluated for the weight variation, hardness, friability, disintegration time and dissolution. Dissolution release study performed by using paddle method (USP 2) in 900 ml of 0.1N HCl at 50 rpm. The physicochemical of loratidine did not give any variation...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Muhammad Farhan, Darakshan Jabeen Haleem
Psychostimulants substances, some of which are abused by humans, are generally believed to produce sensitization effects when they are repeatedly administered to animals. Apomorphine, a non-narcotic derivative of morphine, having agonistic property for dopamine in order to produce psycho stimulant-like effects. Meanwhile, chronic administration leads to behavioral sensitization. Therefore, present study destine to produce desensitization in animals by the repeated administration of tryptophan (100 mg/kg), thereafter treated with apomorphine (1...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Abdul Matin, Salik Nawaz, Suk-Yul Jung
Balamuthia mandrillaris is well known to cause fatal Balamuthia amoebic encephalitis (BAE). Amoebic transmission into the central nervous system (CNS), haematogenous spread is thought to be the prime step, followed by blood-brain barrier (BBB) dissemination. Macrophages are considered to be the foremost line of defense and present in excessive numbers during amoebic infections. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects of macrophages alone or primed with cytokines on the biological characteristics of Balamuthia in vitro...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Farzana Sadaf, Sumbul Shamim, Rubeena Saleem, Navaidul Zafar
Herbal medicines are still most popular, abundant and affordable remedies for curing various ailments. Garlina is one of the herbal formulations of Hamdard Laboratories (waqf) Pakistan used to treat cardiovascular diseases and elevated sugar level. However, there is no scientific data available regarding the potential toxicity. Therefore, the present study was to assess the acute and sub-chronic toxicity in rats. The single dose of Garlina 5000mg/kg were administered orally and observed for 14 days. A sub-chronic toxicity test was performed at 2000mg/kg of Garlina daily for 30 days...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jeevandran Sundarasekar, Geethaa Sahgal, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Lam Kit Lay, Ong Ming Thong, Sreeramanan Subramaniam
Spider lily (Hymenocallis littoralis) belongs to Amaryllidaceae family is a well-known plant species for its medicinal properties. The inhibitory effects of H. littoralis methanol sonication extracts were evaluated for wound healing activity. This is the first report on the wound healing activity of Malaysian origin H. littoralis. The bulb, flower, root, anther, stem and leaves of H. littoralis methanol sonication extracts were used for scratch-wound assay. The cell line was treated with two different concentrations; 1 and 10μg/ml of extracts...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Raheela Bano, Adeel Arsalan
Antibiotics are not only used in morbidity but also help in prevention of infection. The irrational use of broad spectrum antibiotics is now increasing the resistance against pathogens. This present study has been carried out to evaluate the in-vitro antibacterial effect of levofloxacin against clinical isolates. According to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines, minimum inhibitory concentrations 90% (MIC90 ) of the levofloxacin tested were evaluated by an agar dilution method. Total 63 clinical isolates Staphylococcus aureus (n=34) and Escherichia coli (n=29) were collected from different hospitals at Karachi and were evaluated MIC90 of eleven different brands of levofloxacin tablet (250 mg)...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Maria Khan Panni, Jehan Bakht
Anti-microbial activity and phytochemical analysis of samples from the roots of Viola pilosa was studied against six strains of bacteria. Data indicated that the tested bacterial strain differed in its sensitivity to the root extracts of Viola pilosa. The results showed that Xanthomonas campestris, Bacillus subtilis and S. aureus were more susceptible to butanol extracted fraction. S. aureus was totally resistant to aqueous extracted fraction at all concentrations and .Xanthomonas campestris and Bacillus subtilis were least susceptible to the same fraction at 0...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kai Bin Liew, Kok Khiang Peh
A stability-indicating HPLC-UV method for the simultaneous determination of sildenafil citrate and dapoxetine hydrochloride in solution and tablet was developed. The mobile phase was comprised of acetonitrile and 0.2M ammonium acetate buffer. The analyte was eluted at 3.392min and 7.255min for sildenafil citrate and dapoxetine HCl respectively using gradient system at a flow rate of 1.5mL/min. The theoretical plates count was>2000, tailing factor <.30, capacity factor 3.19-7.58 and peak asymmetry factor <...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Muhammad Ajaib, Saiqa Ishtiaq, Muhammad Faheem Siddiqui
Himalrandia tetrasperma and Wendlandia exserta medicinal plants belong to family Rubiaceae commonly known as coffee family were investigated by quantitative analysis of major bioactive compounds and analgesic effect. The analgesic potential was accessed using different parts of H. tetrasperma and W. exserta by induced acetic acid writhing and hot plate test method. Methanolic extracts of these two plants satisfactorily possesses analgesic activity. All the extracts showed good results as compared to standard drug, i...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sylvester Okhuelegbe Eraga, Matthew Ikhuoria Arhewoh, Faith Emmanuel Akpan, Magnus Amara Iwuagwu
The study investigated the combination effects of the mixture of croscarmellose sodium and Pleurotus tuber-regium powder on the granules and tableting parameters of paracetamol tablets. Five batches (A-E) of paracetamol tablets were formulated using wet granulation method with various combination ratios of croscarmellose sodium and Pleurotus tuber-regium powder as disintegrant incorporated both intra- and extra granularly. Their granule properties such as bulk and tapped densities, angle of repose, Carr's index, Hausner's ratio and post compression parameters such as friability, hardness, disintegration time and drug release profiles were evaluated...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Dildar Ahmed, Neelam Ashiq
The fruit-vegetable Lagenaria siceraria is well known for its ethnomedicinal applications. While other parts of the plant have been studied for their medicinal properties, its fruit pedicles have not been yet explored. The present study therefore aimed to investigate their phenolics, flavonoids, antioxidant potential and alpha-amylase inhibitory properties. The bioactivities of this neglected part of the fruit were promising. Ethyl acetate fraction had the highest total phenolic content (TPC), 4.4μg/mL Gallic acid equivalent (GAE)...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Zhenjing Li, Yanan Zhang, Lin Lin, Haiyan Cui, Tiantian Wang, Mianhua Chen, Changlu Wang
We investigated the cellulase-assisted extraction and anti-ultraviolet activity of water-soluble polysaccharides from the root of Flammulina velutipes on Caenorhabditis elegans. A Box-Behnken design experiment with three factors and three levels, including enzymolysis temperature, microwave time, and microwave power, was designed on the basis of the results of single-factor experiments. For improving the polysaccharide yield of F. velutipes root, the following optimal extraction conditions were used: 52.67°C enzymolysis temperature, 80s microwave time, and 144 W microwave power...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Muhammad Athar Abbasi, Muhammad Mubashar Nazeer, Azizur Rehman, Sabahat Zahra Siddiqui, Ghulam Hussain, Syed Adnan-Ali Shah, Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Salman Sarwar
The aim of the present research work was synthesis of some 2-furyl[(4-aralkyl)-1-piperazinyl]methanone derivatives and to ascertain their antibacterial potential. The cytotoxicity of these molecules was also checked to find out their utility as possible therapeutic agents. The synthesis was initiated by reacting furyl(-1-piperazinyl)methanone (1) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and lithium hydride with different aralkyl halides (2a-j) to afford 2-furyl[(4-aralkyl)-1-piperazinyl]methanone derivatives (3a-j). The structural confirmation of all the synthesized compounds was done by IR, EI-MS, 1 H-NMR and 13 C-NMR spectral techniques and through elemental analysis...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ilhan Gurbuz, Berrin Ozcelik, Tugba Gunbatan, Esra Kupeli Akkol, Melis Sahinoz, Galip Akaydin
In this study, antibacterial, antifungal, antihyaluronidase, anticollagenase and antielastase activity of Hypericum bithynicum, Malva neglecta, Morus alba, Rubus discolor, Sambucus ebulus and Smilax excelsa were investigated. Methanol extracts of M. neglecta and R. discolor and all extracts of H. bithynicum were more active against Staphylococcus epidermidis. Similarly, water extracts of M. alba and S. ebulus were more active against Streptococcus pneumonia. Additionally, S. ebulus and S. excelsa had prominent antifungal activity on Candida albicans...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wajid Khan, Jehan Bakht, Muraleedharan G Nair, Muhammad Nazir Uddin, Mohammad Shafi
The current study investigates pharmaceutically important bioactive compounds in the fruits of Physalis ixocarpa. Two different extractions methods were used to study its effect on percent extract yield, recovery of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of the extracts. The data indicated that Soxhlet extraction had high efficiency of recovery than maceration method for extracting compounds; percent extract yield and antioxidant activity of the extracts. In maceration, the percent extract yield was found to be in order of water >methanol >ethyl acetate whereas in Soxhlet extraction, it was in order of methanol >water >ethyl acetate...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Aleza Rizvi, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Shadma Wahab, Anuradha Mishra
Stress is thought to impair immune function through emotional or behavioral manifestations thus the present study was done to assessed the effect of ethanolic extract of Butea frondosa (BF) leaves on behaviour, immunomodulatory activity and brain acetyl cholinesterase activity in normal and stress induced male rats. Neuroprotective effects of BF, doses (100,200,400mg/kg p.o) were measured by assessing the changes in the behaviour and the immunity of the rats. In stress control, the results indicated that the retention transfer latency, time spent in a closed arm, agglutination, total leukocytes counts (TLC), total paw edema ,size of spleen , decreased significantly (p<0...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kashif Ali, Syed Omair Adil, Najeebullah Soomro, Sadaf Kalam, Ayisha Bibi
The drug compliance and its associated factors were investigated among hypertensive patients attending outpatient department (OPD) of National Institute of Cardiovascular disease (NICVD), Karachi from September 2014 to March 2015. Data was collected retrospectively from 300 hypertensive patients taken treatment for >1 year. Half of the patients (51%) were >55 years of age with the predominance of males (52.70%). Most respondents (47%) had IHD, (30%) had diabetes whereas (47%) had both IHD and diabetes; while only a small number of subjects (18%) reporting no co-morbidity...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Irum Arif, Abdul Rauf Siddiqi, Haroon Ahmed, Muhammad Inam Afzal, Muhammad Umer, Arooma Maryam, Rana Rehan Khalid, Saira Asif, Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Shabnum Shaheen, Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Ozge Ozyalin, Sami Simsek
Hypodermosis is a parasitic disease of cattle. The pathogenicity of the disease is attributed to Hypodermin proteins (Hypodermin A, Hypodermin B and Hypodermin C). Studies suggest that Hypodermin proteins may be defined as Serine proteases and collagenases. The structure of both proteases Hypodermin A and Hypodermin B were modeled using the Swiss-model server followed by its validation using Procheck, Errat and Verify-3D. Afterwards, both Hypodermin A and Hypodermin B were docked against collagen in order to study its interaction with respective Hypodermin proteins...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sylvester Okhuelegbe Eraga, Matthew Ikhuoria Arhewoh, Janet Olamiposi Agboola, Magnus Amara Iwuagwu
The binding properties of banana (Musa paradisiaca) starchwas investigated using maize starch BP and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as standards in the formulation of metformin tablets. Starch from unripe banana fruits was extracted with distilled water. Mucilages of the banana and maize starches and solutions of PVP at 5 and 10 %w/v were used to produce metformin granules by wet granulation and compressed into tablets. Granules and tablets properties were evaluated. Compatibility studies using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were also carried out...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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