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Veterinary Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090706/western-blot-analysis-of-sera-from-dogs-with-suspected-food-allergy
#1
Claude Favrot, Monika Linek, Jacques Fontaine, Luc Beco, Ana Rostaher, Nina Fischer, Nicolas Couturier, Sandrine Jacquenet, Bernard E Bihain
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is often suspected in dogs with clinical signs of atopic dermatitis. This diagnosis is confirmed with an elimination diet and a subsequent challenge with regular food. Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of food allergy in dogs are unreliable and/or technically difficult. Cyno-DIAL(®) is a Western blot method that might assist with the selection of an appropriate elimination diet. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of Cyno-DIAL(®) for the selection of an elimination diet and diagnosis of food allergy...
January 16, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044386/skin-disease-in-captive-bats-results-of-an-online-survey-of-zoos-and-rehabilitators-in-europe-north-america-and-australasia
#2
Kay I Fountain, Kim B Stevens, David H Lloyd, Anette Loeffler
BACKGROUND: Bats may be held captive in zoos and breeding programmes, and for rehabilitation due to illness, abandonment or injury. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and characteristics of skin disease in captive bats. METHODS: Zoos (n = 164) in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, Wildlife Disease Association members and rehabilitators were invited to complete online questionnaires on skin lesions and housing. Associations between lesion type and site, frequency, species, age, suspected cause and season, and their association with housing in zoos were tested using chi-squared and two-sample z-tests...
January 2, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025853/rifampicin-treatment-of-canine-pyoderma-due-to-multidrug-resistant-meticillin-resistant-staphylococci-a-retrospective-study-of-32-cases
#3
Michela De Lucia, Mar Bardagi, Elisabetta Fabbri, Diana Ferreira, Lluis Ferrer, Fabia Scarampella, Giordana Zanna, Alessandra Fondati
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin has received increased interest in veterinary dermatology because of its activity against multidrug-resistant meticillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS). There is limited knowledge about the efficacy and safety of rifampicin in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: To provide information on response to treatment and adverse effects in dogs treated with rifampicin for multidrug-resistant MRS pyoderma. ANIMALS: Thirty two dogs treated with rifampicin for rifampicin-susceptible multidrug-resistant MRS pyoderma...
December 26, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025849/tropical-rat-mite-ornithonyssus-bacoti-infestation-in-pet-syrian-hamsters-mesocricetus-auratus-and-their-owner
#4
LETTER
Dario d'Ovidio, Emilio Noviello, Domenico Santoro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981678/bilateral-pre-auricular-papillary-squamous-cell-carcinomas-associated-with-papillomavirus-infection-in-a-domestic-cat
#5
John S Munday, Stacy Gwyther, Neroli A Thomson, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous papillary squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are extremely rare in humans and have not been reported in any nonhuman species. In humans, oral papillary SCCs are often caused by papillomavirus infection and have a more favourable prognosis than other SCC subtypes. CASE: A 10-year-old ginger and white domestic short hair cat had a 12 month history of symmetrical, roughly circular, exophytic 2 cm diameter masses in both pre-auricular regions. Surgical excision was performed, although with only narrow margins...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976832/clinical-characteristics-of-doxorubicin-associated-alopecia-in-28-dogs
#6
Elizabeth F Falk, Andrea T H Lam, Lisa G Barber, Lluis Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) is common in humans, but there are limited reports describing the clinical features of CIA in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of doxorubicin-associated alopecia (DAA) in canine patients at a teaching hospital from 2012 to 2014. ANIMALS: Signalment, diagnosis, treatment protocols and clinical examination findings were recorded in 150 dogs treated with doxorubicin from 2012 to 2014...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943548/use-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-to-treat-immune-mediated-skin-disease-in-14-dogs-a-retrospective-evaluation
#7
Amanda L Ackermann, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank
BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a lymphocytotoxic immunosuppressive agent used in human and companion animal medicine for the treatment of immune-mediated disease. Mycophenolate mofetil is reported to have reduced myelotoxicity and hepatotoxicity when compared to azathioprine. OBJECTIVES: It was hypothesized that treatment with MMF as a secondary agent with glucocorticoids would be effective in treating immune-mediated skin disease. In addition, adverse effects associated with the drug are reported...
December 11, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943433/melanin-granules-melanophages-and-a-fully-melanized-epidermis-are-common-traits-of-odontocete-and-mysticete-cetaceans
#8
Blanca Morales-Guerrero, Cecilia Barragán-Vargas, German R Silva-Rosales, Christian D Ortega-Ortiz, Diane Gendron, Laura M Martinez-Levasseur, Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: The cellular mechanisms used to counteract or limit damage caused by exposure of marine vertebrates to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation are poorly understood. Cetaceans are vulnerable because they lack protective skin appendages and are obliged to surface continuously to breathe, thus being exposed repeatedly to UV light. Although molecular mechanisms of photoprotection of cetaceans have been studied, there is limited knowledge about their epidermal structure and photoprotective effectors...
December 11, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933665/detection-of-dna-sequences-from-a-novel-papillomavirus-in-a-feline-basal-cell-carcinoma
#9
John S Munday, Adrienne French, Neroli Thomson
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are uncommon feline skin neoplasms of uncertain cause. CASE: A 14-year-old Abyssinian cat developed a soft dermal nodule on the dorsal thorax. This mass grew slowly over a six month period before being surgically excised. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histology revealed a BCC. Additionally, changes suggestive of an early Bowenoid in situ carcinoma (BISC) were present in the overlying epidermis. Both the BCC and the BISC contained papillomavirus-induced cell changes and prominent basophilic intracytoplasmic bodies...
December 8, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918123/chrysomya-bezziana-diptera-calliphoridae-infestation-case-report-of-three-dogs-in-malaysia-treated-with-spinosad-milbemycin
#10
Hock Siew Han, Reuben Sharma, John Jeffery, Chiara Noli
BACKGROUND: Infestation of wounds with the larvae of Callophorid flies is relatively common in countries where these parasites are found. The most common species associated with infections in Southeast Asia is Chrysomya bezziana (Ch. bezziana), the Old World screw worm. Treatment consists of either subcutaneous injection of ivermectin or oral administration of nitenpyram combined with aggressive tissue debridement under general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the treatment of cutaneous myiasis in three dogs caused by the larvae of Ch...
December 5, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917544/postvaccination-wounds-associated-predominantly-with-arcanobacterium-phocae-in-minks-neovison-vison-at-three-mink-farms
#11
Robert J Molenaar, Rianne Buter, Agnieszka Sroka
BACKGROUND: The emerging skin disease fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP) has been attributed to infection with Arcanobacterium phocae (ABP). The exact pathogenesis and risk factors of FENP have yet to be elucidated. ANIMALS: Three mink from each of three different mink farms (A-C) with postvaccination skin wounds at the vaccination site and six mink from an unaffected mink farm (D) that had used the same vaccine batch and vaccination site (hind leg). METHODS AND RESULTS: All minks from farms A-C had severe necrotizing to necropurulent dermatitis where they were vaccinated intramuscularly in the hind leg...
December 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917539/dermoscopic-features-in-canine-dermatophytosis-some-preliminary-observations
#12
LETTER
Fabia Scarampella, Giordana Zanna, Andrea Peano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862501/staphylococcus-aureus-penetrate-the-interkeratinocyte-spaces-created-by-skin-infiltrating-neutrophils-in-a-mouse-model-of-impetigo
#13
Ichiro Imanishi, Shinpei Hattori, Junzo Hisatsune, Kaori Ide, Motoyuki Sugai, Koji Nishifuji
BACKGROUND: Impetigo is a bacterial skin disease characterized by intraepidermal neutrophilic pustules. Previous studies have demonstrated that exfoliative toxin producing staphylococci are isolated in the cutaneous lesions of human and canine impetigo. However, the mechanisms of intraepidermal splitting in impetigo remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine how staphylococci penetrate the living epidermis and create intraepidermal pustules in vivo using a mouse model of impetigo...
November 13, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878870/epidermolysis-bullosa-simplex-in-sibling-eurasier-dogs-is-caused-by-a-plec-non-sense-variant
#14
Elizabeth A Mauldin, Ping Wang, Thierry Olivry, Paula S Henthorn, Margret L Casal
BACKGROUND: Plectin, a large linker protein found in many tissues, acts to connect components of the cytoskeleton to each other. In the epidermis, plectin binds keratin intermediate filaments to hemidesmosomes. A deficiency of plectin in the skin leads to blister formation in the basal layer and the disease epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe a novel blistering disease that arose spontaneously in a litter of puppies. ANIMALS: Two female and one male 20-day-old Eurasier puppies, from a litter of six, were presented for evaluation of failure to thrive and then euthanized due to poor prognosis...
November 7, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813258/congenital-cutaneous-melanoma-in-a-dog
#15
Bruna Meyrer, Simone Passos Bianchi, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, Daniel Guimarães Gerardi
BACKGROUND: Melanocytic tumours are derived from melanocytes and are common in older dogs with dark pigmented skin. Primary congenital cutaneous melanoma has been described in domestic mammals although there are no reports in the dog. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of canine congenital cutaneous melanoma with rapid progression to metastasis and death. ANIMAL: A male, mixed breed dog was born with a circular ulcerated lesion near the left ear...
November 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870236/prior-antimicrobial-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-resistance-in-selected-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-isolates-from-the-skin-and-ears-of-dogs
#16
Gila Zur, Bella Gurevich, Daniel Elad
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance within bacteria continues to present therapeutic challenges. One presumed risk factor for increased rates of resistance is prior exposure to antimicrobial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of time since most recent exposure, the number of prior antimicrobial exposures and duration of use on antimicrobial resistance rates in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates. METHODS: Inclusion of a case in the study required laboratory isolation of S...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870235/efficacy-and-duration-of-action-of-oral-fluralaner-and-spot-on-moxidectin-imidacloprid-in-cats-infested-with-lynxacarus-radovskyi
#17
Hock Siew Han, Chiara Noli, Tiziana Cena
BACKGROUND: Lynxacarus radovskyi has been observed in cats in Malaysia; previously treatment with fipronil and moxidectin/imidacloprid spot-on has been described. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of two spot-on treatments of moxidectin/imidacloprid, two weeks apart to a single oral dose of fluralaner against Lynxacarus radovskyi and evaluate time to re-infestation. METHODS: Thirty cats were assigned to three groups of ten cats each. Group 1 received one 250 mg fluralaner tablet...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870234/the-2016-hugo-schindelka-medal-and-lecture-awarded-to-professor-david-h-%C3%A2-lloyd
#18
EDITORIAL
Kenneth W Kwochka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747960/clinical-and-microscopic-features-of-generalized-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-in-dogs-10-cases
#19
Frane Banovic, Keith E Linder, Maarja Uri, Michael A Rossi, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Generalized discoid lupus erythematosus (GDLE) is a newly recognized canine variant of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) that is not well characterized. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: We report herein the signalment, clinical signs, treatment outcome, histopathology and immunological findings of 10 dogs with GDLE. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: (i) a >3 month history of generalized skin lesions indicating a chronic or recurrent nature; (ii) skin lesions resembling those of human GDLE; (iii) histopathology of CLE (lymphocyte-rich interface dermatitis)...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647569/a-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-dose-determination-trial-of-lokivetmab-zts-00103289-a-caninized-anti-canine-il-31-monoclonal-antibody-in-client-owned-dogs-with-atopic-dermatitis
#20
Gina M Michels, Deborah S Ramsey, Kelly F Walsh, Olivier M Martinon, Sean P Mahabir, Jacquelien D Hoevers, Rodney R Walters, Steven A Dunham
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is the hallmark clinical sign of atopic dermatitis (AD) in dogs. Lokivetmab, a caninized anti-canine IL-31 monoclonal antibody, reduced pruritus and associated inflammatory skin lesions in a proof-of-concept study in dogs with AD. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe lokivetmab dose response in a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. ANIMALS: Clinicians at 15 referral clinics enrolled 211 client owned dogs with a history of chronic AD...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
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