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Veterinary Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185331/follicular-lipidosis-in-a-dachshund-dog
#1
Marcia M Colodel, Bruno Pietroluongo, Ronaldo Lucas, Kenia B Gomes, Fabrizio Grandi
BACKGROUND: Follicular lipidosis is a rare disease, having only been reported in six Rottweiler dogs. The diagnosis of follicular lipidosis is confirmed by histopathological examination of the affected skin. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of follicular lipidosis in a dachshund dog. ANIMALS: A 13-month-old female dachshund dog, with hypotrichosis on the head and cervical region from 10 months of age. METHODS: Histological examination of skin biopsy specimens...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164401/skin-depigmentation-associated-with-toceranib-phosphate-in-a-dog
#2
Jacqueline V J Cavalcanti, Andrea Hasbach, Katie Barnes, Rahul B Dange, Jon Patterson, Paulo Vilar Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced depigmentation is frequently observed in humans undergoing tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy, whereas it is not reported in dogs. The skin depigmentation can occur after the first week of treatment and it is reversible within a few weeks after drug discontinuation. OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical and histopathological features of an episode of cutaneous adverse drug reaction associated with short term administration of toceranib phosphate...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164402/allergen-specific-immunotherapy-prescription-patterns-in-veterinary-practice-a-us-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Kathy Chu Tater, William Elliott Cole, Paul David Pion
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to continuing allergen-specific immunotherapy treatment (ASIT) may be an issue in veterinary medicine. No studies describe how allergen tests are used in general veterinary practice, including the percentage of patients that receive ASIT after allergen testing. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Assess veterinary ASIT patterns in United States general practices. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 2,557) and 121 cats allergen-tested at 177 hospitals (173 general practice and four specialty practices) in 44 states...
February 5, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164398/prevalence-of-house-dust-mites-in-the-homes-of-atopic-dogs-in-finland
#4
Kirsti J M Schildt, Riitta T K Seppänen, Anna K Hielm-Björkman, Leena E Saijonmaa-Koulumies, Svetlana Belova
BACKGROUND: The house dust mites (HDM) Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus are important environmental allergens implicated in the pathogenesis of human and canine atopic dermatitis. Sensitization to HDM measured by allergen-specific IgE is common in Finnish atopic dogs. Studies on HDM prevalence in Finland are few but suggest that HDM are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of HDM in the home environments of atopic dogs in Finland...
February 5, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133852/atypical-cutaneous-cryptococcosis-in-four-cats-in-the-usa
#5
Alexandra Myers, Courtney Meason-Smith, Joanne Mansell, Mark Krockenberger, Jeanine Peters-Kennedy, Harold Ross Payne, Aline Rodrigues Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcosis is an uncommon fungal infection in humans and mammals. Occasionally, cryptococcosis manifests as cutaneous lesions, either as an extension of nasal disease or as stand alone lesions unassociated with the nose. Histologically, these lesions are typically characterized by abundant organisms with mild granulomatous dermatitis. Herein, four feline cases of atypical cutaneous cryptococcal infections are described. METHODS: Skin punch biopsies from four client owned cats were submitted for histological evaluation between 2006 and 2015...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133844/evaluation-of-intraepidermal-nerve-fibres-in-the-skin-of-normal-and-atopic-dogs
#6
Aurore Laprais, Stanley M Dunston, Sheila M F Torres, Claude Favrot, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Interest in intraepidermal nerve fibres (IENFs) is rising in human medicine, because variations in fibre density occur in some diseases and these neurites might contribute to disease pathogenesis. An increase in IENF density is seen in human atopic dermatitis (AD); there are no such data in atopic dogs. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of IENFs in normal and atopic canine skin. METHODS: Eight millimetre skin punch biopsies were taken from six sites of 25 healthy dogs without dermatitis and compared to lesional and nonlesional skin samples of dogs with AD (23 and 14 dogs, respectively)...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133824/a-retrospective-study-comparing-histopathological-and-immunopathological-features-of-nasal-planum-dermatitis-in-20-dogs-with-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-or-leishmaniosis
#7
Michela De Lucia, Giorgia Mezzalira, Mar Bardagí, Dolors M Fondevila, Elisabetta Fabbri, Alessandra Fondati
BACKGROUND: In areas endemic for leishmaniosis, discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) and canine leishmaniosis (CanL) are the most common differential diagnoses for nasal planum erosive-ulcerative dermatitis in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: To compare histopathological and immunopathological features of canine nasal planum erosive-ulcerative dermatitis with depigmentation due to DLE or CanL. ANIMALS: Nasal planum biopsies from dogs with nasal planum loss of architecture, depigmentation, swelling, erosions or ulcerations due to DLE (n = 14) or CanL (n = 6)...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133821/total-skin-electron-therapy-as-treatment-for-epitheliotropic-lymphoma-in-a-dog
#8
Domenico Santoro, Lyndsay Kubicek, Bo Lu, William Craft, Julia Conway
BACKGROUND: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is an uncommon cutaneous neoplasm in dogs. Treatment options are limited. Total skin electron therapy (TSET) has been suggested as a possible therapy for canine MF. OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of TSET as palliative treatment for MF in a dog. RESULTS: An adult dog, previously diagnosed with nonepidermolytic ichthyosis, was presented with generalized erythroderma, alopecia and erosions. Histopathology revealed a densely cellular, well-demarcated, unencapsulated infiltrate extending from the epidermis to the mid-dermis compatible with MF...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090706/western-blot-analysis-of-sera-from-dogs-with-suspected-food-allergy
#9
Claude Favrot, Monika Linek, Jacques Fontaine, Luc Beco, Ana Rostaher, Nina Fischer, Nicolas Couturier, Sandrine Jacquenet, Bernard E Bihain
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is often suspected in dogs with clinical signs of atopic dermatitis. This diagnosis is confirmed with an elimination diet and a subsequent challenge with regular food. Laboratory tests for the diagnosis of food allergy in dogs are unreliable and/or technically difficult. Cyno-DIAL(®) is a Western blot method that might assist with the selection of an appropriate elimination diet. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of Cyno-DIAL(®) for the selection of an elimination diet and diagnosis of food allergy...
January 16, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044386/skin-disease-in-captive-bats-results-of-an-online-survey-of-zoos-and-rehabilitators-in-europe-north-america-and-australasia
#10
Kay I Fountain, Kim B Stevens, David H Lloyd, Anette Loeffler
BACKGROUND: Bats may be held captive in zoos and breeding programmes, and for rehabilitation due to illness, abandonment or injury. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and characteristics of skin disease in captive bats. METHODS: Zoos (n = 164) in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, Wildlife Disease Association members and rehabilitators were invited to complete online questionnaires on skin lesions and housing. Associations between lesion type and site, frequency, species, age, suspected cause and season, and their association with housing in zoos were tested using chi-squared and two-sample z-tests...
January 2, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025853/rifampicin-treatment-of-canine-pyoderma-due-to-multidrug-resistant-meticillin-resistant-staphylococci-a-retrospective-study-of-32-cases
#11
Michela De Lucia, Mar Bardagi, Elisabetta Fabbri, Diana Ferreira, Lluis Ferrer, Fabia Scarampella, Giordana Zanna, Alessandra Fondati
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin has received increased interest in veterinary dermatology because of its activity against multidrug-resistant meticillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS). There is limited knowledge about the efficacy and safety of rifampicin in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: To provide information on response to treatment and adverse effects in dogs treated with rifampicin for multidrug-resistant MRS pyoderma. ANIMALS: Thirty two dogs treated with rifampicin for rifampicin-susceptible multidrug-resistant MRS pyoderma...
December 26, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025849/tropical-rat-mite-ornithonyssus-bacoti-infestation-in-pet-syrian-hamsters-mesocricetus-auratus-and-their-owner
#12
LETTER
Dario d'Ovidio, Emilio Noviello, Domenico Santoro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981678/bilateral-pre-auricular-papillary-squamous-cell-carcinomas-associated-with-papillomavirus-infection-in-a-domestic-cat
#13
John S Munday, Stacy Gwyther, Neroli A Thomson, Richard Malik
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous papillary squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are extremely rare in humans and have not been reported in any nonhuman species. In humans, oral papillary SCCs are often caused by papillomavirus infection and have a more favourable prognosis than other SCC subtypes. CASE: A 10-year-old ginger and white domestic short hair cat had a 12 month history of symmetrical, roughly circular, exophytic 2 cm diameter masses in both pre-auricular regions. Surgical excision was performed, although with only narrow margins...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976832/clinical-characteristics-of-doxorubicin-associated-alopecia-in-28-dogs
#14
Elizabeth F Falk, Andrea T H Lam, Lisa G Barber, Lluis Ferrer
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) is common in humans, but there are limited reports describing the clinical features of CIA in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of doxorubicin-associated alopecia (DAA) in canine patients at a teaching hospital from 2012 to 2014. ANIMALS: Signalment, diagnosis, treatment protocols and clinical examination findings were recorded in 150 dogs treated with doxorubicin from 2012 to 2014...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943548/use-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-to-treat-immune-mediated-skin-disease-in-14-dogs-a-retrospective-evaluation
#15
Amanda L Ackermann, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank
BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a lymphocytotoxic immunosuppressive agent used in human and companion animal medicine for the treatment of immune-mediated disease. Mycophenolate mofetil is reported to have reduced myelotoxicity and hepatotoxicity when compared to azathioprine. OBJECTIVES: It was hypothesized that treatment with MMF as a secondary agent with glucocorticoids would be effective in treating immune-mediated skin disease. In addition, adverse effects associated with the drug are reported...
December 11, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943433/melanin-granules-melanophages-and-a-fully-melanized-epidermis-are-common-traits-of-odontocete-and-mysticete-cetaceans
#16
Blanca Morales-Guerrero, Cecilia Barragán-Vargas, German R Silva-Rosales, Christian D Ortega-Ortiz, Diane Gendron, Laura M Martinez-Levasseur, Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: The cellular mechanisms used to counteract or limit damage caused by exposure of marine vertebrates to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation are poorly understood. Cetaceans are vulnerable because they lack protective skin appendages and are obliged to surface continuously to breathe, thus being exposed repeatedly to UV light. Although molecular mechanisms of photoprotection of cetaceans have been studied, there is limited knowledge about their epidermal structure and photoprotective effectors...
December 11, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933665/detection-of-dna-sequences-from-a-novel-papillomavirus-in-a-feline-basal-cell-carcinoma
#17
John S Munday, Adrienne French, Neroli Thomson
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are uncommon feline skin neoplasms of uncertain cause. CASE: A 14-year-old Abyssinian cat developed a soft dermal nodule on the dorsal thorax. This mass grew slowly over a six month period before being surgically excised. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histology revealed a BCC. Additionally, changes suggestive of an early Bowenoid in situ carcinoma (BISC) were present in the overlying epidermis. Both the BCC and the BISC contained papillomavirus-induced cell changes and prominent basophilic intracytoplasmic bodies...
December 8, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918123/chrysomya-bezziana-diptera-calliphoridae-infestation-case-report-of-three-dogs-in-malaysia-treated-with-spinosad-milbemycin
#18
Hock Siew Han, Reuben Sharma, John Jeffery, Chiara Noli
BACKGROUND: Infestation of wounds with the larvae of Callophorid flies is relatively common in countries where these parasites are found. The most common species associated with infections in Southeast Asia is Chrysomya bezziana (Ch. bezziana), the Old World screw worm. Treatment consists of either subcutaneous injection of ivermectin or oral administration of nitenpyram combined with aggressive tissue debridement under general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the treatment of cutaneous myiasis in three dogs caused by the larvae of Ch...
December 5, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917544/postvaccination-wounds-associated-predominantly-with-arcanobacterium-phocae-in-minks-neovison-vison-at-three-mink-farms
#19
Robert J Molenaar, Rianne Buter, Agnieszka Sroka
BACKGROUND: The emerging skin disease fur animal epidemic necrotic pyoderma (FENP) has been attributed to infection with Arcanobacterium phocae (ABP). The exact pathogenesis and risk factors of FENP have yet to be elucidated. ANIMALS: Three mink from each of three different mink farms (A-C) with postvaccination skin wounds at the vaccination site and six mink from an unaffected mink farm (D) that had used the same vaccine batch and vaccination site (hind leg). METHODS AND RESULTS: All minks from farms A-C had severe necrotizing to necropurulent dermatitis where they were vaccinated intramuscularly in the hind leg...
December 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917539/dermoscopic-features-in-canine-dermatophytosis-some-preliminary-observations
#20
LETTER
Fabia Scarampella, Giordana Zanna, Andrea Peano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
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