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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878413/does-the-general-strain-theory-explain-gambling-and-substance-use
#1
Romy Greco, Antonietta Curci
General Strain Theory (GST: Agnew Criminology 30:47-87, 1992) posits that deviant behaviour results from adaptation to strain and the consequent negative emotions. Empirical research on GST has mainly focused on aggressive behaviours, while only few research studies have considered alternative manifestations of deviance, like substance use and gambling. The aim of the present study is to test the ability of GST to explain gambling behaviours and substance use. Also, the role of family in promoting the adoption of gambling and substance use as coping strategies was verified...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858265/the-involvement-of-a-concerned-significant-other-in-gambling-disorder-treatment-outcome
#2
Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Joël Tremblay, Randy Stinchfield, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Isabelle Giroux, Marta Sancho, Isabel Sánchez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Vega González, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón
Interpersonal distress is a common feature in gambling disorder and adding a concerned significant other (CSO) to the recovery process could be an effective tool for improving treatment outcome. However, little empirical evidence is available regarding the effectiveness of including a CSO to interventions. We aimed to compare treatment outcomes (i.e. compliance with therapy guidelines, dropout from treatment, and relapse during treatment) in a CBT program involving a CSO to CBT treatment as usual (TAU) without a CSO...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832520/barriers-in-access-to-the-treatment-for-people-with-gambling-disorders-are-they-different-from-those-experienced-by-people-with-alcohol-and-or-drug-dependence
#3
Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Jacek Moskalewicz, Łukasz Wieczorek
A prevalence of gambling disorders is diversified depending on the region of the world. Almost three quarters of pathological gamblers had never sought a professional treatment as well as an assistance in self-help groups. Reasons why they do not initiate a treatment are complex. The aim of the article is to compare barriers to the treatment for people with gambling disorders found in presented study and barriers to alcohol and drug treatment identified in the available literature. The semi structured interviews were applied and conducted with people with gambling disorders, social workers, therapists employed in the addiction treatment facilities, General Practitioners and psychiatrists...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826731/self-generated-motives-for-not-gambling-among-young-adult-non-gamblers
#4
Christina L Rash, Daniel S McGrath
Motivational models have been shown to usefully describe reasons for engaging in addictive behaviors including gambling disorder. Although most scales designed to measure motives have been derived statistically, self-generated open-ended responses have also shown utility for identifying unique motives for gambling. While the motivational structure for gambling disorder has been extensively explored, there has been a paucity of research examining motives for choosing not to gamble. This is not the case for other addictive behaviors such as alcohol use where motives for abstaining from drinking have been well defined...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826730/sub-clinical-alcohol-consumption-and-gambling-disorder
#5
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Eric W Leppink, Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
While it is well established that gambling disorder is associated with alcohol use disorder, less is known regarding whether sub-clinical alcohol consumption increases gambling behavior. This study examined the effects of varying levels of alcohol consumption on clinical and cognitive measures. The sample consisted of 572 non-treatment seeking gamblers age 18-29 who were divided into three groups: non-current drinkers, current drinkers who did not qualify for an alcohol use disorder, and those with an alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815667/self-reported-losses-versus-actual-losses-in-online-gambling-an-empirical-study
#6
Michael Auer, Mark D Griffiths
Many research findings in the gambling studies field rely on self-report data. A very small body of empirical research also suggests that when using self-report, players report their gambling losses inaccurately. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the differences between objective and subjective gambling spent data by comparing gambler's actual behavioral tracking data with their self-report data over a 1-month period. A total of 17,742 Norwegian online gamblers were asked to participate in an online survey...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807640/do-high-school-students-in-india-gamble-a-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates
#7
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarassu, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vivek Benegal, Sanju George
Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India. This study reports point prevalence of gambling and its psychosocial correlates among high school students in the State of Kerala, India. 5043 high school students in the age group 15-19 years, from 73 schools, were selected by cluster random sampling from the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, South India...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804002/cue-reactive-rationality-visual-imagery-and-volitional-control-predict-cue-reactive-urge-to-gamble-in-poker-machine-gamblers
#8
Gavin I Clark, Adam J Rock, Charles F A McKeith, William L Coventry
Poker-machine gamblers have been demonstrated to report increases in the urge to gamble following exposure to salient gambling cues. However, the processes which contribute to this urge to gamble remain to be understood. The present study aimed to investigate whether changes in the conscious experience of visual imagery, rationality and volitional control (over one's thoughts, images and attention) predicted changes in the urge to gamble following exposure to a gambling cue. Thirty-one regular poker-machine gamblers who reported at least low levels of problem gambling on the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), were recruited to complete an online cue-reactivity experiment...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785589/prevalence-of-problem-gambling-among-adolescents-a-comparison-across-modes-of-access-gambling-activities-and-levels-of-severity
#9
Alba González-Roz, José R Fernández-Hermida, Sara Weidberg, Victor Martínez-Loredo, Roberto Secades-Villa
The high availability and accessibility of online gambling have recently caused public concern regarding the potential increase of gambling-related problems among young people. Nonetheless, few studies among adults and none among adolescents have explored specific characteristics of gamblers as a function of gambling venues to date. This study sought to analyze the prevalence of gambling among a sample of adolescents in the last year, as well as sociodemographic and gambling-related characteristics as possible predictors of at-risk and problem gambling...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783189/understanding-the-relationship-between-sports-relevant-gambling-and-being-at-risk-for-a-gambling-problem-among-american-adolescents
#10
Loredana Marchica, Yaxi Zhao, Jeffrey Derevensky, William Ivoska
Fantasy sports is a growing industry with a reported 56.8 million individuals participating in the United States and Canada alone in 2015. Whereas this activity has attracted considerable public attention, little research has examined its impact on adolescents in spite of their high rates of gambling. The current study examined the relationship between regular participation (more than once a month) in sport-relevant gambling activities among adolescents and those identified as being at-risk for a gambling problem...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766465/fun-seeking-and-reward-responsiveness-moderate-the-effect-of-the-behavioural-inhibition-system-on-coping-motivated-problem-gambling
#11
Matthew T Keough, Jeffrey D Wardell, Christian S Hendershot, R Michael Bagby, Lena C Quilty
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) predicts that the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) may relate to coping-motivated problem gambling, given its central role in anxiety. Studies examining the BIS-problem gambling association, however, are mixed. The revised RST posits that the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) may moderate the effect of the BIS on coping-motivated problem gambling. A concurrently strong BAS may highlight the negatively reinforcing effects of gambling, which may strengthen coping motives and increase gambling-related harms...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766464/calorie-intake-and-gambling-is-fat-and-sugar-consumption-impulsive
#12
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Excessive calorie intake constitutes a global public health concern, due to its associated range of untoward outcomes. Gambling is commonplace and gambling disorder is now considered a behavioral addiction in DSM-5. The relationships between calorie intake, gambling, and other types of putatively addictive and impulsive behaviors have received virtually no research attention. Two-hundred twenty-five young adults who gamble were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718036/-i-am-becoming-more-and-more-like-my-eldest-brother-the-relationship-between-older-siblings-adolescent-gambling-severity-and-the-attenuating-role-of-parents-in-a-large-scale-nationally-representative-survey-study
#13
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Mark D Griffiths, Valeria Siciliano, Arianna Cutilli, Sabrina Molinaro
The present study examined the association between having older siblings who gamble and adolescent at-risk/problem gambling and how parents (i.e., parental knowledge of their whereabouts) and peers might moderate such effects. Data were drawn from the ESPAD(®)Italia2012 survey (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) comprising a nationally representative Italian sample of adolescents. The analysis was carried out on a subsample of 10,063 Italian students aged 15-19 years (average age = 17...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704237/rise-of-the-machines-a-critical-review-on-the-behavioural-effects-of-automating-traditional-gambling-games
#14
Tess Armstrong, Matthew Rockloff, Nancy Greer, Phillip Donaldson
Automated gambling products are now a common feature on many casino floors. Despite their increasing prevalence, little research has considered the impact of converting games traditionally free from technological enhancements to automated versions. This review seeks to illustrate how automation is likely to change the way people engage and experience traditional games based around five prominent modifications: visual and auditory enhancements; illusions of control; cognitive complexity; expedited play; and social customisation...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699525/psychological-distress-as-an-indicator-of-co-occurring-psychopathology-among-treatment-seeking-disordered-gamblers
#15
Rory A Pfund, James P Whelan, Jordan E Greenburg, Samuel C Peter, Katherine K Wilson, Andrew W Meyers
Disordered gamblers frequently present with concurrent anxiety, depressive, personality, and substance use disorders, which may complicate treatment. Although there is a need for a thorough assessment, some questionnaires may prove lengthy for clients and clinicians. Thus, there is a need for brief screens for identifying co-occurring psychopathology. The present study sought to examine whether a brief, self-report measure of psychological distress could indicate the presence of co-occurring psychopathology among an outpatient sample of disordered gamblers...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664136/causal-learning-in-gambling-disorder-beyond-the-illusion-of-control
#16
José C Perales, Juan F Navas, Cristian M Ruiz de Lara, Antonio Maldonado, Andrés Catena
Causal learning is the ability to progressively incorporate raw information about dependencies between events, or between one's behavior and its outcomes, into beliefs of the causal structure of the world. In spite of the fact that some cognitive biases in gambling disorder can be described as alterations of causal learning involving gambling-relevant cues, behaviors, and outcomes, general causal learning mechanisms in gamblers have not been systematically investigated. In the present study, we compared gambling disorder patients against controls in an instrumental causal learning task...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619216/trait-mindfulness-problem-gambling-severity-altered-state-of-awareness-and-urge-to-gamble-in-poker-machine-gamblers
#17
Charles F A McKeith, Adam J Rock, Gavin I Clark
In Australia, poker-machine gamblers represent a disproportionate number of problem gamblers. To cultivate a greater understanding of the psychological mechanisms involved in poker-machine gambling, a repeated measures cue-reactivity protocol was administered. A community sample of 38 poker-machine gamblers was assessed for problem-gambling severity and trait mindfulness. Participants were also assessed regarding altered state of awareness (ASA) and urge to gamble at baseline, following a neutral cue, and following a gambling cue...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074945/the-temporal-relationship-between-faulty-gambling-cognitions-and-gambling-severity-in-young-adults
#18
Ryan Nicholson, Chad Graves, Michael Ellery, Tracie O Afifi
Disordered gambling in young adults is hypothesized as being related to mistaken gambling-related cognitions. Few studies have examined the temporal order of this relationship using longitudinal data. The purpose of this study is to understand the directionality of the relationship between gambling cognitions and gambling severity in a longitudinal sample of young adults. Young adults (N = 578), initially aged 18-21 years, completed the Manitoba Longitudinal Survey of Young Adults at two time points approximately 2-3 years apart...
December 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040972/gamblers-anonymous-as-a-recovery-pathway-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Andrée Schuler, Peter Ferentzy, Nigel E Turner, Wayne Skinner, Kathryn E McIsaac, Carolyn P Ziegler, Flora I Matheson
Given the preponderance of Gamblers Anonymous (GA), there has been relatively little effort to explore the existing evidence base on its effectiveness as a recovery approach for problem gambling. To remedy this gap in the literature we conducted a scoping review of the literature on mutual aid for individuals experiencing problem gambling published between 2002 and 2015. We searched 13 databases and reviewed reference lists and websites of relevant organizations. We reviewed records for eligibility and extracted relevant data from eligible articles...
December 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038813/gambling-motives-in-a-representative-swedish-sample-of-risk-gamblers
#20
Kristina Sundqvist, Jakob Jonsson, Peter Wennberg
Motives for gambling have been shown to be associated with gambling involvement, and hence important in the understanding of the etiology of problem gambling. The aim of this study was to describe differences in gambling motives in different subgroups of lifetime risk gamblers, categorized by: age, gender, alcohol- and drug habits and type of game preferred, when considering the level of risk gambling. A random Swedish sample (n = 19,530) was screened for risk gambling, using the Lie/Bet questionnaire. The study sample (n = 257) consisted of the respondents screening positive on Lie/Bet and completing a postal questionnaire about gambling and motives for gambling (measured with the NODS-PERC and the RGQ respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
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