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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043482/assessing-the-role-of-gambling-on-problematic-alcohol-consumption-by-police-officers
#1
Egbert Zavala
While a number of studies have attributed critical incident stressors to alcohol abuse among police officers, no study has examined the role gambling, if any, plays on problematic alcohol consumption. Therefore, data from the Police Stress and Domestic Violence in Police Families in Baltimore, Maryland, 1997-1999 are analyzed to test the influence of gambling on problematic alcohol consumption engaged by police officers. Results indicated that gambling is significant in predicting problematic alcohol consumption...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038980/testing-an-incentive-sensitisation-approach-to-understanding-problem-slot-machine-gambling-using-an-online-slot-machine-simulation
#2
Belinda Davey, Robert Cummins
This study aims to test the application of the incentive-sensitisation theory to slot-machine gambling behaviour. The theory posits that for problem gamblers (PGs), gambling strengthens the response of motivational pathways in the mid-brain to gambling cues, eliciting strong wanting, independent of liking. Non-problem gamblers (NPGs) experience weaker changes to motivational pathways so liking and wanting remain associated. Hence, it is predicted that wanting to gamble will be greater than liking for PGs but there will be no difference for NPGs; wanting will be greater for PGs than for NPGs; and, wanting but not liking will predict whether PGs continue gambling, whereas both will predict this for NPGs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032449/effectiveness-of-a-self-help-cognitive-behavioural-treatment-program-for-problem-gamblers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
T P S Oei, N Raylu, W W Lai
The study aimed to strengthen the scarce literature on self-help treatments for Problem Gambling (PG) by comparing the effectiveness of a Self-Help Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (SHCBT) program (n = 23) with a 6-week Waitlist condition (n = 32) in problem gamblers. Participants were community volunteers with gambling problems and were randomly allocated to the Waitlist and treatment conditions. Results showed significant improvements at post-treatment in gambling behaviors including frequency of gambling, average amount gambled per day and PG symptoms as well as a number of gambling correlates including psychological states (e...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027071/the-brain-s-reward-response-occurs-even-without-actual-reward
#4
A Fielding, Y Fu, E A Franz
What if the brain's response to reward occurs even when there is no reward? Wouldn't that be a further concern for people prone to problem gambling and other forms of addiction, like those related to eating? Electroencephalography was employed to investigate this possibility using probabilistic feedback manipulations and measures of known event-related potentials (ERPs) related to reward processing. We tested the hypothesis-that reward-based ERPs would occur even in the absence of a tangible reward and when manipulations on expectation are implicit...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956209/on-the-spur-of-the-moment-intrinsic-predictors-of-impulse-sports-betting
#5
Nerilee Hing, En Li, Peter Vitartas, Alex M T Russell
Betting on impulse, without thoughtful consideration, research or informed decision-making, may cause financial and other harms and lead to the development of gambling problems. Impulse betting undermines responsible consumption of gambling because it reflects self-regulatory failure, impaired control, unreflective decision-making and betting more than planned. In this paper we define impulse gambling and report on a study that aimed to understand more about the intrinsic characteristics of sports bettors who have a greater tendency to bet on impulse...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951978/daily-fantasy-football-and-self-reported-problem-behavior-in-the-united-states
#6
Brendan Dwyer, Stephen L Shapiro, Joris Drayer
Traditional, season-long fantasy sport participation has grown considerably since the late 1990s, and in an attempt to capitalize on this growing demand, daily fantasy sports (DFS) providers have created a new game where money changes hands instantly. This change has led some legal commentators and state agencies to believe the game is a form of Internet gambling similar to online poker, blackjack, and sports wagering, and thus, it requires increased regulation or even prohibition. Little is known, however, about the gambling behavior associated with DFS participation...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932934/using-the-multiple-choice-procedure-to-measure-the-relative-reinforcing-efficacy-of-gambling-initial-validity-evidence-among-college-students
#7
Leon H Butler, Jessica G Irons, Drew T Bassett, Christopher J Correia
The multiple choice procedure (MCP) is used to assess the relative reinforcing value of concurrently available stimuli. The MCP was originally developed to assess the reinforcing value of drugs; the current within-subjects study employed the MCP to assess the reinforcing value of gambling behavior. Participants (N = 323) completed six versions of the MCP that presented hypothetical choices between money to be used while gambling ($10 or $25) versus escalating amounts of guaranteed money available immediately or after delays of either 1 week or 1 month...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905166/efficacy-of-a-self-help-treatment-for-at-risk-and-pathological-gamblers
#8
Catherine Boudreault, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Annie Goulet, Hélène Simoneau, Robert Ladouceur
Available evidence suggests that self-help treatments may reduce problem gambling severity but inconsistencies of results across clinical trials leave the extent of their benefits unclear. Moreover, no self-help treatment has yet been validated within a French Canadian setting. The current study therefore assesses the efficacy of a French language self-help treatment including three motivational telephone interviews spread over an 11-week period and a cognitive-behavioral self-help workbook. At-risk and pathological gamblers were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 31) or the waiting list (n = 31)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884260/barriers-and-facilitators-of-responding-to-problem-gambling-perspectives-from-australian-mental-health-services
#9
S N Rodda, V Manning, N A Dowling, S J Lee, D I Lubman
Despite high rates of comorbidity between problem gambling and mental health disorders, few studies have examined barriers or facilitators to the implementation of screening for problem gambling in mental health services. This exploratory qualitative study identified key themes associated with screening in mental health services. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 30 clinicians and managers from 11 mental health services in Victoria, Australia. Major themes and subthemes were identified using qualitative content analysis...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871355/negative-mood-states-or-dysfunctional-cognitions-their-independent-and-interactional-effects-in-influencing-severity-of-gambling-among-chinese-problem-gamblers-in-hong-kong
#10
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Xiao Yu Zhuang, Alun Jackson, Nicki Dowling, Herman Hay Ming Lo
Gambling-related cognitions and negative psychological states have been proposed as major factors in the initiation and maintenance of problem gambling (PG). While there are a substantial number of studies supporting the role of cognitive dysfunctions in the initiation and maintenance of PG, very few empirical studies have explored the specific role of negative psychological states in influencing PG behaviours. In addition, very few studies have examined the interaction effects of cognitive dysfunctions and negative psychological states in exerting influence on PG behaviours...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866795/on-the-processes-underlying-the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-gambling-severity
#11
Xavier Noël, Mélanie Saeremans, Charles Kornreich, Antoine Bechara, Nematollah Jaafari, Carole Fantini-Hauwel
A great number of individuals with persistent problematic gambling behavior exhibit alexithymic tendencies, greater impulsivity, impaired working memory and poor mood. However, the relationship between these cognitive, affective and personality factors in problem gambling remains poorly understood. Our aim was to investigate multiple pathways of the alexithymia and problem gambling relationship. One hundred and six male subjects with different levels of gambling problem severity were recruited. Alexithymia, impulsivity and verbal working memory were evaluated, and their relationships to disordered gambling was examined by means of a path analysis...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864873/health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-problem-and-pathological-gambling-an-analysis-of-the-2014-north-carolina-behavioral-risk-factor-survey-system-brfss
#12
Ryan Van Patten, Jeremiah Weinstock, Andrew B McGrath
Problem and pathological gambling refers to subclinical and clinical levels of maladaptive gambling, respectively, and is associated with specific sociodemographic characteristics as well as a number of poor health outcomes. We examined such demographic, physical health, mental health, and health-related behaviors in a sample of 7045 low-risk gamblers and 244 problem/pathological gamblers. Participants completed the 2014 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System telephone survey. Using the National Opinion Research Center's Diagnostic Screen for Gambling Disorders-CLiP, participants were categorized as either "problem/pathological gamblers" or "low-risk gamblers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840412/gambling-participation-expenditure-and-risk-of-harm-in-australia-1997-1998-and-2010-2011
#13
Andrew Richard Armstrong, Anna Thomas, Max Abbott
Gambling-related harm results primarily from financial losses. Internationally Australia continues to rank as the largest spending nation per capita on gambling products. This would suggest that Australian gamblers are at disproportionately high risk of harm despite almost two decades of industry scrutiny and regulation, and investment in research, treatment and education programs. However, declines in participation rates, per capita expenditure, household expenditure, national disposable income spent on gambling and problem gambling rates have been cited as evidence that fewer people are gambling, that gamblers are spending less, and that gambling safety in Australia has improved...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815350/already-at-the-table-patterns-of-play-and-gambling-involvement-prior-to-gambling-expansion
#14
Sarah E Nelson, Debi A LaPlante, Heather M Gray, Matthew A Tom, John H Kleschinsky, Howard J Shaffer
During 2011, the Governor of Massachusetts signed a bill to allow casino gambling in the state (Commonwealth of Massachusetts 2011). As a result, two resort casinos will begin operations during 2018 and 2019; a smaller slots parlor began operations during June 2015. Prior to this expansion, gambling was widely available in Massachusetts, through the state lottery, off-track betting, and gambling opportunities available in neighboring states. Within this context, it is important to understand the patterns of gambling involvement in the population prior to gambling expansion...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770486/reduced-risk-taking-after-prior-losses-in-pathological-gamblers-under-treatment-and-healthy-control-group-but-not-in-problem-gamblers
#15
Nicolao Bonini, Alessandro Grecucci, Manuel Nicolè, Lucia Savadori
A group of pathological gamblers and a group of problem gamblers (i.e., gamblers at risk of becoming pathological) were compared to healthy controls on their risk-taking propensity after prior losses. Each participant played both the Balloon Analogue Risk Taking task (BART) and a modified version of the same task, where individuals face five repeated predetermined early losses at the onset of the game. No significant difference in risk-taking was found between groups on the standard BART task, while significant differences emerged when comparing behaviors in the two tasks: both pathological gamblers and controls reduced their risk-taking tendency after prior losses in the modified BART compared to the standard BART, whereas problem gamblers showed no reduction in risk-taking after prior losses...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756501/cognitive-characteristics-of-strategic-and-non-strategic-gamblers
#16
Aurélie Mouneyrac, Céline Lemercier, Valérie Le Floch, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Axelle Moreau, Christian Jacques, Isabelle Giroux
Participation in strategic and non-strategic games is mostly explained in the literature by gender: men gamble on strategic games, while women gamble on non-strategic games. However, little is known about the underlying cognitive factors that could also distinguish strategic and non-strategic gamblers. We suggest that cognitive style and need for cognition also explain participation in gambling subtypes. From a dual-process perspective, cognitive style is the tendency to reject or accept the fast, automatic answer that comes immediately in response to a problem...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707140/disordered-gambling-prevalence-methodological-innovations-in-a-general-danish-population-survey
#17
Glenn W Harrison, Lasse J Jessen, Morten I Lau, Don Ross
We study Danish adult gambling behavior with an emphasis on discovering patterns relevant to public health forecasting and economic welfare assessment of policy. Methodological innovations include measurement of formative in addition to reflective constructs, estimation of prospective risk for developing gambling disorder rather than risk of being falsely negatively diagnosed, analysis with attention to sample weights and correction for sample selection bias, estimation of the impact of trigger questions on prevalence estimates and sample characteristics, and distinguishing between total and marginal effects of risk-indicating factors...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702882/near-misses-and-stop-buttons-in-slot-machine-play-an-investigation-of-how-they-affect-players-and-may-foster-erroneous-cognitions
#18
Mike J Dixon, Chanel J Larche, Madison Stange, Candice Graydon, Jonathan A Fugelsang
In modern casinos, multiline slot machines are becoming increasingly popular compared to traditional, three-reel slot machines. A paucity of research has examined how the unique presentation of near-misses and the use of a stop button in multiline slot machines impact erroneous cognitions related to the perception of skill and agency during play. Our goal therefore was to determine the prevalence of erroneous cognitions pertaining to near-miss outcomes and the usage of a stop button and then to see whether the stop button affected players' experiences of winning, losing and near-miss outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699054/the-development-of-an-internet-based-treatment-for-problem-gamblers-and-concerned-significant-others-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Anders Nilsson, Kristoffer Magnusson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Clara Hellner Gumpert
Problem gambling creates significant harm for the gambler and for concerned significant others (CSOs). While several studies have investigated the effects of individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for problem gambling, less is known about the effects of involving CSOs in treatment. Behavioral couples therapy (BCT) has shown promising results when working with substance use disorders by involving both the user and a CSO. This pilot study investigated BCT for problem gambling, as well as the feasibility of performing a larger scale randomized controlled trial...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685275/risk-factors-for-problem-gambling-in-california-demographics-comorbidities-and-gambling-participation
#20
Rachel A Volberg, Lauren M McNamara, Kari L Carris
While population surveys have been carried out in numerous jurisdictions internationally, little has been done to assess the relative strength of different risk factors that may contribute to the development of problem gambling. This is an important preparatory step for future research on the etiology of problem gambling. Using data from the 2006 California Problem Gambling Prevalence Survey, a telephone survey of adult California residents that used the NODS to assess respondents for gambling problems, binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and gambling participation variables that statistically predicted the odds of being a problem or pathological gambler...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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