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Journal of Gambling Studies

Vladyslav Kushnir, Alexandra Godinho, David C Hodgins, Christian S Hendershot, John A Cunningham
The original version of this article unfortunately contained errors in the Methods section. The citations blinded during the review process were inadvertently omitted during the production process and subsequent stages.
May 19, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Candice Graydon, Madison Stange, Mike J Dixon
Multiline slots are exciting games that contain features which make them alluring. One such feature is a loss disguised as a win (LDW); wherein, players win less than they wager (e.g., bet 2 dollars, win back 50 cents), but this net loss is disguised by flashing graphics and winning sounds. Research to date concludes that LDWs are both rewarding and reinforcing. Here, we investigated whether LDWs affect players' game selection. Thirty-two undergraduate students with experience playing slot machines played 100 spins on four games-two had positive payback percentages (115%) and two had negative payback percentages (85%) after 100 spins...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Roxana Kotter, Anja Kräplin, Andre Pittig, Gerhard Bühringer
Systematic and quantitative reviews on the effects of land-based self-exclusion are scarce. Therefore, the current review aimed to provide a comprehensive summary of (1) the demographic characteristics of land-based self-excluders and changes after exclusion, including (2) gambling behavior, (3) gambling problems, (4) mental symptoms, and (5) mental health. A systematic database and literature search was performed following PRISMA guidelines. Nineteen naturalistic studies met the eligibility criteria. The quality of all included records was rated via adaption of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Daniel S McGrath, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Christine Novitsky, Hermano Tavares
Gamblers Anonymous is the most widely available form of support for disordered gambling. Although chapters exist worldwide, knowledge of how attendees interact with the program is limited. The present study aimed to investigate involvement in Gamblers Anonymous among attendees, motives for attendance, and overall satisfaction with the program. Furthermore, potential gambling-related predictors of attendance versus deciding not to attend Gamblers Anonymous were investigated. A treatment-seeking sample of disordered gamblers (N = 512) from São Paulo, Brazil completed a series of self-report measures including an author-compiled Gamblers Anonymous survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Samuel C Peter, Qian Li, Rory A Pfund, James P Whelan, Andrew W Meyers
The negative psychological effects of public stigma on disordered gamblers have been well documented. Public stigma deters treatment-seeking and other help-seeking behaviors, and negatively impacts individuals' view of themselves. Different types of disordered gambling activities may attract different degrees of stigma. One increasingly popular form of gambling involves placing bets on the outcomes of competitive video games, also called eSports gambling. This activity shares characteristics with Internet gaming and gambling...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Anu Sirola, Markus Kaakinen, Atte Oksanen
The Internet provides an accessible context for online gambling and gambling-related online communities, such as discussion forums for gamblers. These communities may be particularly attractive to young gamblers who are active Internet users. The aim of this study was to examine the use of gambling-related online communities and their relevance to excessive gambling among 15-25-year-old Finnish Internet users (N = 1200). Excessive gambling was assessed by using the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Respondents were asked in a survey about their use of various kinds of gambling-related online communities, and sociodemographic and behavioral factors were adjusted...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alexander C Walker, Madison Stange, Jonathan A Fugelsang, Derek J Koehler, Mike J Dixon
Unclaimed prize information (i.e., the number of prizes still available to be won) is information commonly provided to scratch card gamblers. However, unless the number of tickets remaining to be purchased is also provided, this information is uninformative. Despite its lack of utility in assisting gamblers in choosing the most favourable type of scratch card to play, we hypothesized that unclaimed prize information would bias participants' judgments within a scratch card gambling context. In Experiment 1 (N = 201), we showed that participants are influenced by this information such that they felt more likely to win, were more excited to play, and preferred to hypothetically purchase more of the scratch card with the greatest number of unclaimed prizes...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Janique Fortier
The gambling landscape among provinces in Canada is diverse. Yet, few studies have investigated provincial differences related to life interference due to gambling. The objectives of the current study were to examine: (1) provincial differences with regard to gambling types and (2) if gender, family history of gambling, and alcohol or drug use while gambling were related to an increased likelihood of life interference in three Canadian provinces. Data were drawn from the 2013 and 2014 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia (n = 30,150)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Brent A Evans, Justin Roush, Joshua D Pitts, Adam Hornby
Using hand-collected data from, a major daily fantasy sports website, we analyze draft selections of thousands of participants in daily fantasy basketball (DFB). In our study, the first thorough examination of DFB, we show that DFB is a game in which skill is necessary for success. Using econometric analysis, we find that winning participants utilize different strategies than losing participants; for example, winning participants more frequently select NBA rookies and international players. We also find that participants paying to enter more lineups in a given contest earn profits far more often than those entering few lineups, indicating that the number of lineups entered can serve as a proxy for skill...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Vladyslav Kushnir, Alexandra Godinho, David C Hodgins, Christian S Hendershot, John A Cunningham
Most problem gamblers do not seek formal treatment, recovering on their own through cognitive re-appraisal or self-help strategies. Although barriers to treatment have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research on self-directed changes in problem gambling and very few studies have examined these changes prospectively. The aim of this study was to examine the trajectory of gambling severity and behavior change over an 18-month period, among a sample of non-treatment seeking/attending problem gamblers recruited from the community (N = 204) interested in quitting or reducing gambling...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Aino Suomi, Nicki A Dowling, Shane Thomas, Max Abbott, Maria Bellringer, Malcolm Battersby, Jane Koziol-McLain, Tiffany Lavis, Alun C Jackson
While the evidence about the statistical co-occurrence of family violence and problem gambling is growing, the mechanism by which the two behaviours are related is less clear. This study sought to clarify the dynamics of the problem behaviours, including the role of gender in victimisation and perpetration of violence in the family. Two-hundred-and-twelve treatment seeking problem gamblers (50.5% females) were recruited for interviews about past year FV and IPV experiences. The interviews included questions about the types of FV and IPV using the HITS tool (Sherin et al...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alexandra Godinho, Vladyslav Kushnir, David C Hodgins, Christian S Hendershot, John A Cunningham
Considerable evidence has suggested that problem gambling may be transitory and episodic, with gamblers routinely moving in and out of clinical thresholds. Findings in qualitative and quantitative studies have converged on identifying preliminary evidence for the role of life events as motivators and contributing factors for gambling changes over time. The aim of this study was to conduct an exploratory analysis of the relationship between life events, their respective experience as positive or negative, and gambling trajectories among problem gamblers intending to quit...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
En Li, Erika Langham, Matthew Browne, Matthew Rockloff, Hannah Thorne
This study examined whether an implicit association existed between gambling and sport among underage youth in Australia, and whether this implicit association could shape their explicit intention to gamble. A sample of 14-17 year old Australian participants completed two phases of tasks, including an implicit association test based online experiment, and a post-experiment online survey. The results supported the existence of an implicit association between gambling and sport among the participants. This implicit association became stronger when they saw sport-relevant (vs...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alex M T Russell, Nerilee Hing, En Li, Peter Vitartas
Sports betting is increasing worldwide, with an associated increase in sports betting-related problems. Previous studies have examined risk factors for problem gambling amongst sports bettors and have identified demographic, behavioural, marketing, normative and impulsiveness factors. These studies have generally compared those in problem gambling, or a combination of moderate risk and problem gambling, groups to non-problem gamblers, often due to statistical power issues. However, recent evidence suggests that, at a population level, the bulk of gambling-related harm stems from low risk and moderate risk gamblers, rather than problem gamblers...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Jean-Michel Costes, Sylvia Kairouz, Eva Monson, Vincent Eroukmanoff
Lotteries are one of the most prevalent forms of gambling and generate substantial state revenues. They are also argued to be one of the least harmful forms of gambling. This paper is one of the first to examine exclusive lottery gamblers and compares their gambling patterns and problems as well other associated risky behaviours to those who are not exclusive lottery gamblers. Data were derived from two large surveys conducted with representative adult samples in France (n = 15,635) and Québec (n = 23,896)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Fanni Bányai, Mark D Griffiths, Orsolya Király, Zsolt Demetrovics
Recently, the skill involved in playing and mastering video games has led to the professionalization of the activity in the form of 'esports' (electronic sports). The aim of the present paper was to review the main topics of psychological interest about esports and then to examine the similarities of esports to professional and problem gambling. As a result of a systematic literature search, eight studies were identified that had investigated three topics: (1) the process of becoming an esport player, (2) the characteristics of esport players such as mental skills and motivations, and (3) the motivations of esport spectators...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Vittorio Lutri, Emiliano Soldini, Silvia Ronzitti, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Alex Blaszczynski, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
Several studies have found that certain traits of impulsivity are associated with gambling disorder, and influence its severity. Furthermore, it has been suggested that some forms of gambling, particularly electronic gambling machines, are particularly widespread among pathological gamblers. In the present, exploratory study, we aim to clarify the role played by impulsivity in influencing the choice of specific gambling activities, by examining the relation between individual dimensions of impulsivity, and the choice of specific gambling activities in a clinical population...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Tanja Strohäker, Tilman Becker
An exclusion system for gambling arcades has been introduced recently in the state of Hesse. The aim of this paper is to identify significant predictors that are useful in explaining the variation of exclusions between different Hessian communities. Next to socio-demographic factors, we control for three different accessibility variables in two models: the number of electronic gambling machines (EGMs) in model I, and the number of locations and density of gambling machines at a location in model II. We disentangle the association between EGMs and exclusions of model I into a location and a clustering effect...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Fernándo Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Ana Beatriz Fagundo, María Lozano-Madrid, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Neus Aymamí, Indira Borrás-González, Jessica Sánchez-González, Marta Baño, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
To identify Gambling Disorder (GD) subtypes, in a population of men seeking treatment for GD, according to specific executive function domains (i.e., cognitive flexibility, inhibition and working memory as well as decision making) which are usually impaired in addictive behaviors. A total of 145 males ranging from 18 to 65 years diagnosed with GD were included in this study. All participants completed: (a) a set of questionnaires to assess psychopathological symptoms, personality and impulsivity traits, and (b) a battery of neuropsychological measures to test different executive functioning domains...
March 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
S N Rodda, V Manning, N A Dowling, S J Lee, D I Lubman
Despite high rates of comorbidity between problem gambling and mental health disorders, few studies have examined barriers or facilitators to the implementation of screening for problem gambling in mental health services. This exploratory qualitative study identified key themes associated with screening in mental health services. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 30 clinicians and managers from 11 mental health services in Victoria, Australia. Major themes and subthemes were identified using qualitative content analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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