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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332064/gambling-disorder-exploring-pre-treatment-and-in-treatment-dropout-predictors-a-uk-study
#1
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
The aim of this study was to identify predictors of treatment dropout in a sample of gamblers attending a specialist clinic for gambling disorder. We analysed data on 846 treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Firstly, we investigated differences in socio-demographic and clinical variables between treatment completers and pre-treatment dropouts, as well as between treatment completers and during-treatment dropouts. Subsequently, variables were entered into a multinomial logistic regression model to identify significant predictors of pre-treatment and in-treatment dropout...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316029/impulsivity-and-stress-response-in-pathological-gamblers-during-the-trier-social-stress-test
#2
G Maniaci, A E Goudriaan, C Cannizzaro, R J van Holst
Gambling has been associated with increased sympathetic nervous system output and stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However it is unclear how these systems are affected in pathological gambling. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) on cortisol and on cardiac interbeat intervals in relation to impulsivity, in a sample of male pathological gamblers compared to healthy controls. In addition, we investigated the correlation between the TSST, duration of the disorder and impulsivity...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#3
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293766/daily-grind-a-comparison-of-causality-orientations-emotions-and-fantasy-sport-participation
#4
Brendan Dwyer, James Weiner
In 2015, daily fantasy football entered the fantasy sports market as an offshoot of the traditional, season-long form of the game. With quicker payouts and less commitment, the new activity has drawn comparisons to other forms of illegal gambling, and the determination of whether it is a primarily a game of skill or chance has become the center of the comparison. For the most part, legal commentators and society, in general, views traditional, season-long fantasy football as an innocuous, social activity governed equally by both skill and chance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271371/a-longitudinal-empirical-investigation-of-the-pathways-model-of-problem-gambling
#5
Youssef Allami, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, René Carbonneau, Éric Lacourse, Richard E Tremblay
The pathways model of problem gambling suggests the existence of three developmental pathways to problem gambling, each differentiated by a set of predisposing biopsychosocial characteristics: behaviorally conditioned (BC), emotionally vulnerable (EV), and biologically vulnerable (BV) gamblers. This study examined the empirical validity of the Pathways Model among adolescents followed up to early adulthood. A prospective-longitudinal design was used, thus overcoming limitations of past studies that used concurrent or retrospective designs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265831/gamtest-psychometric-evaluation-and-the-role-of-emotions-in-an-online-self-test-for-gambling-behavior
#6
Jakob Jonsson, Ingrid Munck, Rachel Volberg, Per Carlbring
Recent increases in the number of online gambling sites have made gambling more available, which may contribute to an increase in gambling problems. At the same time, online gambling provides opportunities to introduce measures intended to prevent problem gambling. GamTest is an online test of gambling behavior that provides information that can be used to give players individualized feedback and recommendations for action. The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of GamTest and validate it against the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) and the gambler's own perceived problems...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258337/electronic-gaming-machine-egm-environments-market-segments-and-risk
#7
Matthew Rockloff, Neda Moskovsky, Hannah Thorne, Matthew Browne, Gabrielle Bryden
This study used a marketing-research paradigm to explore gamblers' attraction to EGMs based on different elements of the environment. A select set of environmental features was sourced from a prior study (Thorne et al. in J Gambl Issues 2016b), and a discrete choice experiment was conducted through an online survey. Using the same dataset first described by Rockloff et al. (EGM Environments that contribute to excess consumption and harm, 2015), a sample of 245 EGM gamblers were sourced from clubs in Victoria, Australia, and 7516 gamblers from an Australian national online survey-panel...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258336/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-disordered-gambling-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#8
Julia C Poole, Hyoun S Kim, Keith S Dobson, David C Hodgins
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as sexual and physical abuse, have been established as risk factors for the development of disordered gambling. The underlying mechanism by which ACEs influence disordered gambling, however, remains unknown. The aims of the present research were to comprehensively investigate ten types of childhood adversity and their relationships to disordered gambling in adulthood, and to test whether emotion dysregulation mediated the relationship between ACEs and disordered gambling...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255941/identifying-environmental-and-social-factors-predisposing-to-pathological-gambling-combining-standard-logistic-regression-and-logic-learning-machine
#9
Stefano Parodi, Corrado Dosi, Antonella Zambon, Enrico Ferrari, Marco Muselli
Identifying potential risk factors for problem gambling (PG) is of primary importance for planning preventive and therapeutic interventions. We illustrate a new approach based on the combination of standard logistic regression and an innovative method of supervised data mining (Logic Learning Machine or LLM). Data were taken from a pilot cross-sectional study to identify subjects with PG behaviour, assessed by two internationally validated scales (SOGS and Lie/Bet). Information was obtained from 251 gamblers recruited in six betting establishments...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255940/pathological-gambling-and-motor-impulsivity-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Nahian S Chowdhury, Evan J Livesey, Alex Blaszczynski, Justin A Harris
Motor impulsivity, which is an impairment in withholding and cancelling inappropriate responses, may account for the inability for pathological gamblers (PGs) to inhibit their urges to gamble. The aim of this systematic review was to perform a quantitative and qualitative synthesis of existing studies in order to assess whether PGs without comorbid substance use disorder have elevated motor impulsivity, relative to healthy controls. An exhaustive literature search led to the identification of 20 studies which met inclusion criteria...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255939/assessing-the-need-for-higher-levels-of-care-among-problem-gambling-outpatients
#11
David M Ledgerwood, Cynthia L Arfken
Most treatment for gambling disorder is provided on an outpatient basis. Only a small number of jurisdictions in North America provide higher levels of gambling treatment, such as residential or intensive outpatient (IOP) care, despite the potential need for these services. Further, there appear to be few guidelines for determining appropriate level of gambling treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the appropriateness of higher levels of problem gambling care among clients receiving outpatient treatment...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181028/adaptive-and-maladaptive-coping-strategies-in-adult-pathological-gamblers-and-their-mediating-role-with-anxious-depressive-symptomatology
#12
Paula Jauregui, Jaione Onaindia, Ana Estévez
Coping plays a central role in the appearance and persistence of pathological gambling. Anxious and depressive symptomatology also influence pathological gambling and are related to coping. This study aimed to analyze pathological gamblers' coping strategies and styles, as well as associated anxious and depressive symptomatology. The study sample included 167 male pathological gamblers (mean age = 39.29 years) and 107 non-gamblers (mean age = 33.43 years). Measures of gambling, coping, and anxious and depressive symptomatology were used...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160114/an-investigation-of-the-association-between-shame-and-problem-gambling-the-mediating-role-of-maladaptive-coping-motives
#13
Hera E Schlagintweit, Kara Thompson, Abby L Goldstein, Sherry H Stewart
Despite often being considered equivalent affective states, shame and guilt have differential associations with problem gambling with only shame showing a strong positive association with problem gambling. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the shame-problem gambling association. Further, shame and guilt are associated with distinct coping strategies, with shame motivating maladaptive coping (e.g., avoidance, escape) and guilt motivating adaptive coping (e.g., taking corrective action)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154957/basic-beliefs-about-behavioural-addictions-among-finnish-and-french-treatment-professionals
#14
Anja Koski-Jännes, Laurence Simmat-Durand
The ways in which addictive behaviours are perceived may decisively influence the ways they are handled. This study explores how treatment professionals' cultural and other background variables influence their beliefs about gambling and Internet addictions. Mailed surveys were conducted with addiction treatment professionals in Finland (n = 520) in 2007-2008 and France (n = 472) in 2010-2011. The data were analysed by descriptive statistical methods and logistic regression analysis. Cultural differences were the most consistent predictors of the responses concerning gambling and Internet addictions...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154956/me-myself-and-money-ii-relative-deprivation-predicts-disordered-gambling-severity-via-delay-discounting-especially-among-gamblers-who-have-a-financially-focused-self-concept
#15
Nassim Tabri, N Will Shead, Michael J A Wohl
In the current research, we examined whether the known link between relative deprivation and disordered gambling (via delay discounting; i.e., preferences for immediate smaller rewards relative to delayed larger rewards) is moderated by the extent to which gamblers have a financially focused self-concept. Specifically, we hypothesized that delay discounting would be a strong predictor of disordered gambling among those who base their self-worth on their financial success. To test this moderated-mediation model, a community sample of gamblers (N = 239) completed measures that assessed relative deprivation, delay discounting, financially focused self-concept, and disordered gambling severity...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150058/bet-anywhere-anytime-an-analysis-of-internet-sports-bettors-responses-to-gambling-promotions-during-sports-broadcasts-by-problem-gambling-severity
#16
Nerilee Hing, Alex Myles Thomas Russell, Matthew Lamont, Peter Vitartas
Promotions for online sports betting during televised sports broadcasts are regularly viewed by millions of Australians, raising concerns about their impacts on vulnerable groups including at-risk and problem gamblers. This study examined whether responses to these promotions varied with problem gambling severity amongst 455 Australian Internet sports bettors participating in an online survey. Results indicated that young male Internet sports bettors are especially vulnerable to gambling problems, particularly if they hold positive attitudes to gambling sponsors who embed promotions into sports broadcasts and to the promotional techniques they use and this heightens the risk that alluring messages contribute to excessive gambling...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124288/internet-based-delivery-of-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-compared-to-monitoring-feedback-and-support-for-problem-gambling-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Leanne M Casey, Tian P S Oei, Namrata Raylu, Katherine Horrigan, Jamin Day, Michael Ireland, Bonnie A Clough
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy program (I-CBT) for the treatment of problem gambling, when compared to a waitlist control and an active comparison condition consisting of monitoring, feedback, and support (I-MFS). Participants (N = 174) were randomly allocated to the three conditions. Variables of interest were gambling outcome and related mental health measures. Participants in the active conditions (I-CBT and I-MFS) completed six online modules...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108811/who-really-wins-efficacy-of-a-croatian-youth-gambling-prevention-program
#18
Aleksandra Huic, Valentina Kranzelic, Dora Dodig Hundric, Neven Ricijas
This paper reports on the development and pilot evaluation of a Croatian school-based youth gambling prevention program "Who really wins?". The program is aimed at minimizing risk and enhancing protective factors related to youth gambling. A short-term evaluation of the program was conducted with a sample of 190 first and second year high-school students (67.6% boys, aged 14-17 years; average age 15.61). An experimental design with two groups (Training vs. No Training) and two measurement sessions (pre-test and post-test sessions) was used to evaluate change in problem gambling awareness, cognitive distortions, knowledge of the nature of random events as well as in social skills...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105539/anxiety-depression-and-emotion-regulation-among-regular-online-poker-players
#19
Servane Barrault, Céline Bonnaire, Florian Herrmann
Poker is a type of gambling that has specific features, including the need to regulate one's emotion to be successful. The aim of the present study is to assess emotion regulation, anxiety and depression in a sample of regular poker players, and to compare the results of problem and non-problem gamblers. 416 regular online poker players completed online questionnaires including sociodemographic data, measures of problem gambling (CPGI), anxiety and depression (HAD scale), and emotion regulation (ERQ). The CPGI was used to divide participants into four groups according to the intensity of their gambling practice (non-problem, low risk, moderate risk and problem gamblers)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101835/relationships-between-perceived-family-gambling-and-peer-gambling-and-adolescent-problem-gambling-and-binge-drinking
#20
Zu Wei Zhai, Sarah W Yip, Marvin A Steinberg, Jeremy Wampler, Rani A Hoff, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Marc N Potenza
The study systematically examined the relative relationships between perceived family and peer gambling and adolescent at-risk/problem gambling and binge-drinking. It also determined the likelihood of at-risk/problem gambling and binge-drinking as a function of the number of different social groups with perceived gambling. A multi-site high-school survey assessed gambling, alcohol use, presence of perceived excessive peer gambling (peer excess-PE), and family gambling prompting concern (family concern-FC) in 2750 high-school students...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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