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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497419/gender-differences-in-the-presentation-of-observable-risk-indicators-of-problem-gambling
#1
Paul Delfabbro, Anna Thomas, Andrew Armstrong
In many countries where gambling is legalised, there has been a strong public policy focus on the need for strategies to reduce gambling related harm. These have often included policies requiring staff in gambling venues to identify and/or assist people who might be experiencing gambling-related harm. To facilitate this process, researchers have developed visible behavioural indicators that might be used to profile potentially problematic gambling. Few of these studies have, however, examined whether such indicators or 'warning signs' might differ between men and women...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447289/electroencephalographic-evidence-of-abnormal-anticipatory-uncertainty-processing-in-gambling-disorder-patients
#2
Alberto Megías, Juan F Navas, Ana Perandrés-Gómez, Antonio Maldonado, Andrés Catena, José C Perales
Putting money at stake produces anticipatory uncertainty, a process that has been linked to key features of gambling. Here we examined how learning and individual differences modulate the stimulus preceding negativity (SPN, an electroencephalographic signature of perceived uncertainty of valued outcomes) in gambling disorder patients (GDPs) and healthy controls (HCs), during a non-gambling contingency learning task. Twenty-four GDPs and 26 HCs performed a causal learning task under conditions of high and medium uncertainty (HU, MU; null and positive cue-outcome contingency, respectively)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447288/understanding-the-relationship-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-gambling-behavior
#3
Lisa Farrell
This paper examines the relationship between gambling behavior and subjective wellbeing. It is often asserted that populations consist of different types of gamblers: those for whom gambling is a harmless leisure activity and those (pathological/problem gamblers) for whom the activity has harmful effects. One might, therefore, assume that subjective wellbeing will be negativity associated with an individual's level of gambling addiction. Alternatively, gamblers may choose to gamble because they derive utility from participating in this activity and so the relationship between happiness and gambling might be positively correlated...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434054/patterns-of-gambling-activities-and-gambling-problems-among-italian-high-school-students-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#4
Nicola De Luigi, Dino Gibertoni, Emanuela Randon, Antonello E Scorcu
This study aims to provide an estimate of the prevalence of gambling among Italian adolescents and a description of their patterns of gambling activities (PGAs) using a latent class analysis on 13 different types of games. A nationwide sample of 10,959 Italian high school students was recruited in 2013. We assessed problem gambling using the South Oaks Gambling Screen: Revisited for Adolescent (SOGS-RA) scale. Approximately half (50.6%) of students reported gambling at least once in the previous year; 5.0% of them were problem gamblers and 9...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434053/chinese-beliefs-in-luck-are-linked-to-gambling-problems-via-strengthened-cognitive-biases-a-mediation-test
#5
Matthew S M Lim, Robert D Rogers
Problematic patterns of gambling and their harms are known to have culturally specific expressions. For ethnic Chinese people, patterns of superstitious belief in this community appear to be linked to the elevated rates of gambling-related harms; however, little is known about the mediating psychological mechanisms. To address this issue, we surveyed 333 Chinese gamblers residing internationally and used a mediation analysis to explore how gambling-related cognitive biases, gambling frequency and variety of gambling forms ('scope') mediate the association between beliefs in luck and gambling problems...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421402/the-effect-of-losses-disguised-as-wins-and-near-misses-in-electronic-gaming-machines-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
K R Barton, Y Yazdani, N Ayer, S Kalvapalle, S Brown, J Stapleton, D G Brown, K A Harrigan
Near misses and losses disguised as wins have been of interest to gambling researchers and policymakers for many years (e.g., Griffiths in J Gambl Stud 9(2):101-120, 1993). This systematic literature review describes the behavioural, psychological, and psychobiological effects of near misses and losses disguised as wins (LDWs) in an effort to evaluate their precise influence on the player and to highlight areas requiring further investigation. A systematic search for relevant studies was conducted using Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Sociology databases, and the Gambling Research Exchange Ontario Knowledge Repository...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361215/the-categorical-stability-of-gambling-motives-among-community-recruited-gamblers-a-longitudinal-assessment
#7
Daniel S McGrath, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
Over the past decade, several motivational models have been proposed to explain the role of motives in gambling disorder. In the model captured by the four-factor Gambling Motives Questionnaire Financial (GMQ-F), gamblers are described as being primarily motivated to gamble for 'coping', 'enhancement', 'social', and 'financial' reasons. Although this model has received significant empirical support; to date, research assessing the role of motives in gambling disorder has been primarily cross-sectional in nature...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352946/new-price-new-hope-an-examination-of-the-effects-of-doubling-the-ticket-price-in-uk-lotto
#8
David Forrest, O David Gulley
The UK Lotto game was introduced in November 1994 with a standard 6/49 format and an entry fee of £1 per ticket. After several years, revenue began to fall despite extensive publicity and a variety of inducements. By 2013, nominal weekly revenue was less than half the 1995 level. In October 2013, the operator doubled the price of a ticket to £2 and made a number of changes to the pay-out structure of smaller prizes. The intent of the changes was to reverse the long downward trend in game revenue by encouraging higher jackpots and offering more pay-out opportunities for each ticket...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332064/gambling-disorder-exploring-pre-treatment-and-in-treatment-dropout-predictors-a-uk-study
#9
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
The aim of this study was to identify predictors of treatment dropout in a sample of gamblers attending a specialist clinic for gambling disorder. We analysed data on 846 treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Firstly, we investigated differences in socio-demographic and clinical variables between treatment completers and pre-treatment dropouts, as well as between treatment completers and during-treatment dropouts. Subsequently, variables were entered into a multinomial logistic regression model to identify significant predictors of pre-treatment and in-treatment dropout...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316029/impulsivity-and-stress-response-in-pathological-gamblers-during-the-trier-social-stress-test
#10
G Maniaci, A E Goudriaan, C Cannizzaro, R J van Holst
Gambling has been associated with increased sympathetic nervous system output and stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However it is unclear how these systems are affected in pathological gambling. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) on cortisol and on cardiac interbeat intervals in relation to impulsivity, in a sample of male pathological gamblers compared to healthy controls. In addition, we investigated the correlation between the TSST, duration of the disorder and impulsivity...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#11
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293766/daily-grind-a-comparison-of-causality-orientations-emotions-and-fantasy-sport-participation
#12
Brendan Dwyer, James Weiner
In 2015, daily fantasy football entered the fantasy sports market as an offshoot of the traditional, season-long form of the game. With quicker payouts and less commitment, the new activity has drawn comparisons to other forms of illegal gambling, and the determination of whether it is a primarily a game of skill or chance has become the center of the comparison. For the most part, legal commentators and society, in general, views traditional, season-long fantasy football as an innocuous, social activity governed equally by both skill and chance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271371/a-longitudinal-empirical-investigation-of-the-pathways-model-of-problem-gambling
#13
Youssef Allami, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, René Carbonneau, Éric Lacourse, Richard E Tremblay
The pathways model of problem gambling suggests the existence of three developmental pathways to problem gambling, each differentiated by a set of predisposing biopsychosocial characteristics: behaviorally conditioned (BC), emotionally vulnerable (EV), and biologically vulnerable (BV) gamblers. This study examined the empirical validity of the Pathways Model among adolescents followed up to early adulthood. A prospective-longitudinal design was used, thus overcoming limitations of past studies that used concurrent or retrospective designs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265831/gamtest-psychometric-evaluation-and-the-role-of-emotions-in-an-online-self-test-for-gambling-behavior
#14
Jakob Jonsson, Ingrid Munck, Rachel Volberg, Per Carlbring
Recent increases in the number of online gambling sites have made gambling more available, which may contribute to an increase in gambling problems. At the same time, online gambling provides opportunities to introduce measures intended to prevent problem gambling. GamTest is an online test of gambling behavior that provides information that can be used to give players individualized feedback and recommendations for action. The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of GamTest and validate it against the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) and the gambler's own perceived problems...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258337/electronic-gaming-machine-egm-environments-market-segments-and-risk
#15
Matthew Rockloff, Neda Moskovsky, Hannah Thorne, Matthew Browne, Gabrielle Bryden
This study used a marketing-research paradigm to explore gamblers' attraction to EGMs based on different elements of the environment. A select set of environmental features was sourced from a prior study (Thorne et al. in J Gambl Issues 2016b), and a discrete choice experiment was conducted through an online survey. Using the same dataset first described by Rockloff et al. (EGM Environments that contribute to excess consumption and harm, 2015), a sample of 245 EGM gamblers were sourced from clubs in Victoria, Australia, and 7516 gamblers from an Australian national online survey-panel...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258336/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-disordered-gambling-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#16
Julia C Poole, Hyoun S Kim, Keith S Dobson, David C Hodgins
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as sexual and physical abuse, have been established as risk factors for the development of disordered gambling. The underlying mechanism by which ACEs influence disordered gambling, however, remains unknown. The aims of the present research were to comprehensively investigate ten types of childhood adversity and their relationships to disordered gambling in adulthood, and to test whether emotion dysregulation mediated the relationship between ACEs and disordered gambling...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255941/identifying-environmental-and-social-factors-predisposing-to-pathological-gambling-combining-standard-logistic-regression-and-logic-learning-machine
#17
Stefano Parodi, Corrado Dosi, Antonella Zambon, Enrico Ferrari, Marco Muselli
Identifying potential risk factors for problem gambling (PG) is of primary importance for planning preventive and therapeutic interventions. We illustrate a new approach based on the combination of standard logistic regression and an innovative method of supervised data mining (Logic Learning Machine or LLM). Data were taken from a pilot cross-sectional study to identify subjects with PG behaviour, assessed by two internationally validated scales (SOGS and Lie/Bet). Information was obtained from 251 gamblers recruited in six betting establishments...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255940/pathological-gambling-and-motor-impulsivity-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Nahian S Chowdhury, Evan J Livesey, Alex Blaszczynski, Justin A Harris
Motor impulsivity, which is an impairment in withholding and cancelling inappropriate responses, may account for the inability for pathological gamblers (PGs) to inhibit their urges to gamble. The aim of this systematic review was to perform a quantitative and qualitative synthesis of existing studies in order to assess whether PGs without comorbid substance use disorder have elevated motor impulsivity, relative to healthy controls. An exhaustive literature search led to the identification of 20 studies which met inclusion criteria...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255939/assessing-the-need-for-higher-levels-of-care-among-problem-gambling-outpatients
#19
David M Ledgerwood, Cynthia L Arfken
Most treatment for gambling disorder is provided on an outpatient basis. Only a small number of jurisdictions in North America provide higher levels of gambling treatment, such as residential or intensive outpatient (IOP) care, despite the potential need for these services. Further, there appear to be few guidelines for determining appropriate level of gambling treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the appropriateness of higher levels of problem gambling care among clients receiving outpatient treatment...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566689/systematic-review-of-empirically-evaluated-school-based-gambling-education-programs
#20
REVIEW
Brittany Keen, Alex Blaszczynski, Fadi Anjoul
Adolescent problem gambling prevalence rates are reportedly five times higher than in the adult population. Several school-based gambling education programs have been developed in an attempt to reduce problem gambling among adolescents; however few have been empirically evaluated. The aim of this review was to report the outcome of studies empirically evaluating gambling education programs across international jurisdictions. A systematic review following guidelines outlined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement searching five academic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Medline, PsycINFO, and ERIC, was conducted...
March 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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