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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815350/already-at-the-table-patterns-of-play-and-gambling-involvement-prior-to-gambling-expansion
#1
Sarah E Nelson, Debi A LaPlante, Heather M Gray, Matthew A Tom, John H Kleschinsky, Howard J Shaffer
During 2011, the Governor of Massachusetts signed a bill to allow casino gambling in the state (Commonwealth of Massachusetts 2011). As a result, two resort casinos will begin operations during 2018 and 2019; a smaller slots parlor began operations during June 2015. Prior to this expansion, gambling was widely available in Massachusetts, through the state lottery, off-track betting, and gambling opportunities available in neighboring states. Within this context, it is important to understand the patterns of gambling involvement in the population prior to gambling expansion...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770486/reduced-risk-taking-after-prior-losses-in-pathological-gamblers-under-treatment-and-healthy-control-group-but-not-in-problem-gamblers
#2
Nicolao Bonini, Alessandro Grecucci, Manuel Nicolè, Lucia Savadori
A group of pathological gamblers and a group of problem gamblers (i.e., gamblers at risk of becoming pathological) were compared to healthy controls on their risk-taking propensity after prior losses. Each participant played both the Balloon Analogue Risk Taking task (BART) and a modified version of the same task, where individuals face five repeated predetermined early losses at the onset of the game. No significant difference in risk-taking was found between groups on the standard BART task, while significant differences emerged when comparing behaviors in the two tasks: both pathological gamblers and controls reduced their risk-taking tendency after prior losses in the modified BART compared to the standard BART, whereas problem gamblers showed no reduction in risk-taking after prior losses...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756501/cognitive-characteristics-of-strategic-and-non-strategic-gamblers
#3
Aurélie Mouneyrac, Céline Lemercier, Valérie Le Floch, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Axelle Moreau, Christian Jacques, Isabelle Giroux
Participation in strategic and non-strategic games is mostly explained in the literature by gender: men gamble on strategic games, while women gamble on non-strategic games. However, little is known about the underlying cognitive factors that could also distinguish strategic and non-strategic gamblers. We suggest that cognitive style and need for cognition also explain participation in gambling subtypes. From a dual-process perspective, cognitive style is the tendency to reject or accept the fast, automatic answer that comes immediately in response to a problem...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707140/disordered-gambling-prevalence-methodological-innovations-in-a-general-danish-population-survey
#4
Glenn W Harrison, Lasse J Jessen, Morten I Lau, Don Ross
We study Danish adult gambling behavior with an emphasis on discovering patterns relevant to public health forecasting and economic welfare assessment of policy. Methodological innovations include measurement of formative in addition to reflective constructs, estimation of prospective risk for developing gambling disorder rather than risk of being falsely negatively diagnosed, analysis with attention to sample weights and correction for sample selection bias, estimation of the impact of trigger questions on prevalence estimates and sample characteristics, and distinguishing between total and marginal effects of risk-indicating factors...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702882/near-misses-and-stop-buttons-in-slot-machine-play-an-investigation-of-how-they-affect-players-and-may-foster-erroneous-cognitions
#5
Mike J Dixon, Chanel J Larche, Madison Stange, Candice Graydon, Jonathan A Fugelsang
In modern casinos, multiline slot machines are becoming increasingly popular compared to traditional, three-reel slot machines. A paucity of research has examined how the unique presentation of near-misses and the use of a stop button in multiline slot machines impact erroneous cognitions related to the perception of skill and agency during play. Our goal therefore was to determine the prevalence of erroneous cognitions pertaining to near-miss outcomes and the usage of a stop button and then to see whether the stop button affected players' experiences of winning, losing and near-miss outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699054/the-development-of-an-internet-based-treatment-for-problem-gamblers-and-concerned-significant-others-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Anders Nilsson, Kristoffer Magnusson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Clara Hellner Gumpert
Problem gambling creates significant harm for the gambler and for concerned significant others (CSOs). While several studies have investigated the effects of individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for problem gambling, less is known about the effects of involving CSOs in treatment. Behavioral couples therapy (BCT) has shown promising results when working with substance use disorders by involving both the user and a CSO. This pilot study investigated BCT for problem gambling, as well as the feasibility of performing a larger scale randomized controlled trial...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685275/risk-factors-for-problem-gambling-in-california-demographics-comorbidities-and-gambling-participation
#7
Rachel A Volberg, Lauren M McNamara, Kari L Carris
While population surveys have been carried out in numerous jurisdictions internationally, little has been done to assess the relative strength of different risk factors that may contribute to the development of problem gambling. This is an important preparatory step for future research on the etiology of problem gambling. Using data from the 2006 California Problem Gambling Prevalence Survey, a telephone survey of adult California residents that used the NODS to assess respondents for gambling problems, binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and gambling participation variables that statistically predicted the odds of being a problem or pathological gambler...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668981/implicit-valuation-of-the-near-miss-is-dependent-on-outcome-context
#8
Parker J Banks, Matthew S Tata, Patrick J Bennett, Allison B Sekuler, Aaron J Gruber
Gambling studies have described a "near-miss effect" wherein the experience of almost winning increases gambling persistence. The near-miss has been proposed to inflate the value of preceding actions through its perceptual similarity to wins. We demonstrate here, however, that it acts as a conditioned stimulus to positively or negatively influence valuation, dependent on reward expectation and cognitive engagement. When subjects are asked to choose between two simulated slot machines, near-misses increase valuation of machines with a low payout rate, whereas they decrease valuation of high payout machines...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668980/one-year-prospective-study-on-passion-and-gambling-problems-in-poker-players
#9
Adèle Morvannou, Magali Dufour, Natacha Brunelle, Djamal Berbiche, Élise Roy
The concept of passion is relevant to understanding gambling behaviours and gambling problems. Longitudinal studies are useful to better understand the absence and development of gambling problems; however, only one study has specifically considered poker players. Using a longitudinal design, this study aims to determine the influence, 1 year later, of two forms of passion-harmonious and obsessive-on gambling problems in poker players. A total of 116 poker players was recruited from across Quebec, Canada. The outcome variable of interest was participants' category on the Canadian Pathological Gambling Index, and the predictive variable was the Gambling Passion Scale...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643152/the-impact-of-speed-of-play-in-gambling-on-psychological-and-behavioural-factors-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Andrew Harris, Mark D Griffiths
Conceptually, there is a common association between gambling games with fast speeds of play and problem gambling. This relationship however, is largely correlational in nature, which comes at the expense of carefully controlled empirical investigation. Research that does exist aimed towards investigating the impact of gambling speeds on psychological and behavioural factors, is in its relative infancy, and the research possesses disparate methodologies and variables of interest. The aims of the current review is therefore to evaluate and summarise the existing body of evidence relating to speed of play in gambling, as well as discuss how this evidence can be used to inform harm minimisation approaches aimed at facilitating self-control during gambling...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624877/gambling-motives-do-they-explain-cognitive-distortions-in-male-poker-gamblers
#11
Sasha Mathieu, Servane Barrault, Paul Brunault, Isabelle Varescon
Gambling behavior is partly the result of varied motivations leading individuals to participate in gambling activities. Specific motivational profiles are found in gamblers, and gambling motives are closely linked to the development of cognitive distortions. This cross-sectional study aimed to predict cognitive distortions from gambling motives in poker players. The population was recruited in online gambling forums. Participants reported gambling at least once a week. Data included sociodemographic characteristics, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Financial and the Gambling-Related Cognition Scale...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623608/gambling-and-the-reasoned-action-model-predicting-past-behavior-intentions-and-future-behavior
#12
Ethan Dahl, Michael J Tagler, Zachary P Hohman
Gambling is a serious concern for society because it is highly addictive and is associated with a myriad of negative outcomes. The current study applied the Reasoned Action Model (RAM) to understand and predict gambling intentions and behavior. Although prior studies have taken a reasoned action approach to understand gambling, no prior study has fully applied the RAM or used the RAM to predict future gambling. Across two studies the RAM was used to predict intentions to gamble, past gambling behavior, and future gambling behavior...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589480/dark-flow-depression-and-multiline-slot-machine-play
#13
Mike J Dixon, Madison Stange, Chanel J Larche, Candice Graydon, Jonathan A Fugelsang, Kevin A Harrigan
Multiline slot machines allow for a unique outcome type referred to as a loss disguised as a win (LDW). An LDW occurs when a player gains credits on a spin, but fewer credits than their original wager (e.g. 15-cent gain on a 20-cent wager). These outcomes alter the gambler's play experience by providing frequent, albeit smaller, credit gains throughout a playing session that are in fact net losses. Despite this negative overall value, research has shown that players physiologically respond to LDWs as if they are wins, not losses...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578520/episodic-and-binge-gambling-an-exploration-and-preliminary-quantitative-study
#14
S Cowlishaw, E Nespoli, J K Jebadurai, N Smith, H Bowden-Jones
The DSM-5 includes provisions for episodic forms of gambling disorder, with such changes aligned with earlier accounts of potential binge gambling behaviours. However, there is little research that indicates the utility of these classifications of episodic or binge gambling, and this study considered their characteristics in a clinical sample. It involved administration of a new binge gambling screening tool, along with routine measures, to n = 214 patients entering a specialist treatment clinic for gambling problems...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578519/validation-of-the-short-gambling-harm-screen-sghs-a-tool-for-assessment-of-harms-from-gambling
#15
Matthew Browne, Belinda C Goodwin, Matthew J Rockloff
It is common for jurisdictions tasked with minimising gambling-related harm to conduct problem gambling prevalence studies for the purpose of monitoring the impact of gambling on the community. However, given that both public health theory and empirical findings suggest that harms can occur without individuals satisfying clinical criteria of addiction, there is a recognized conceptual disconnect between the prevalence of clinical problem gamblers, and aggregate harm to the community. Starting with an initial item pool of 72 specific harms caused by problematic gambling, our aim was to develop a short gambling harms scale (SGHS) to screen for the presence and degree of harm caused by gambling...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577047/erratum-to-the-effect-of-losses-disguised-as-wins-and-near-misses-in-electronic-gaming-machines-a-systematic-review
#16
K R Barton, A Yazdani, N Ayer, S Kalvapalle, S Brown, J Stapleton, D G Brown, K A Harrigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265831/gamtest-psychometric-evaluation-and-the-role-of-emotions-in-an-online-self-test-for-gambling-behavior
#17
Jakob Jonsson, Ingrid Munck, Rachel Volberg, Per Carlbring
Recent increases in the number of online gambling sites have made gambling more available, which may contribute to an increase in gambling problems. At the same time, online gambling provides opportunities to introduce measures intended to prevent problem gambling. GamTest is an online test of gambling behavior that provides information that can be used to give players individualized feedback and recommendations for action. The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of GamTest and validate it against the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) and the gambler's own perceived problems...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832520/barriers-in-access-to-the-treatment-for-people-with-gambling-disorders-are-they-different-from-those-experienced-by-people-with-alcohol-and-or-drug-dependence
#18
Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Jacek Moskalewicz, Łukasz Wieczorek
A prevalence of gambling disorders is diversified depending on the region of the world. Almost three quarters of pathological gamblers had never sought a professional treatment as well as an assistance in self-help groups. Reasons why they do not initiate a treatment are complex. The aim of the article is to compare barriers to the treatment for people with gambling disorders found in presented study and barriers to alcohol and drug treatment identified in the available literature. The semi structured interviews were applied and conducted with people with gambling disorders, social workers, therapists employed in the addiction treatment facilities, General Practitioners and psychiatrists...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826730/sub-clinical-alcohol-consumption-and-gambling-disorder
#19
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Eric W Leppink, Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
While it is well established that gambling disorder is associated with alcohol use disorder, less is known regarding whether sub-clinical alcohol consumption increases gambling behavior. This study examined the effects of varying levels of alcohol consumption on clinical and cognitive measures. The sample consisted of 572 non-treatment seeking gamblers age 18-29 who were divided into three groups: non-current drinkers, current drinkers who did not qualify for an alcohol use disorder, and those with an alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807640/do-high-school-students-in-india-gamble-a-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates
#20
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarassu, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vivek Benegal, Sanju George
Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India. This study reports point prevalence of gambling and its psychosocial correlates among high school students in the State of Kerala, India. 5043 high school students in the age group 15-19 years, from 73 schools, were selected by cluster random sampling from the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, South India...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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