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Journal of Gambling Studies

Alessia Passanisi, Giulio D'Urso, Ugo Pace
Authors aimed to examine an explanatory model of risk that started with dysfunctional personality trait domains, passed through low levels of mindfulness, and culminated with problem gambling. For individuals with problem gambling, mindfulness may provide a significant avenue to prevent them from engaging in addictive behaviors and lead them to an improved sense of self-control and emotion regulation. We employed a mediation analysis design assessing 326 Caucasian adolescent regular gamblers ranging in age from 15 to 17 years who were recruited in betting or bingo halls...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alex M T Russell, Nerilee Hing, Matthew Browne, En Li, Peter Vitartas
Sports betting is expanding globally through introduction into new markets and growth in existing markets. Traditionally, bets were placed on the outcome of a match before match commencement, with the outcome not determined for hours or even days. The advent of in-play betting has reduced the delay between bet and outcome. A controversial form of in-play betting is betting on micro events (micro-betting), where consumers bet on outcomes such as the next ball in cricket, or the next point in tennis, with the outcome determined almost immediately...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Seth W Whiting, Rani A Hoff, Iris M Balodis, Marc N Potenza
The present study explored relationships between personality domains and gambling forms in individuals with and without probable pathological gambling (PPG). Associations among personality domain scores obtained from the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised, endorsements of gambling activities on the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), and PPG as determined by the SOGS were examined with bivariate and logistic regression analyses. Compared to recreational gamblers, those with PPG scored significantly higher in neuroticism and lower in agreeableness and conscientiousness...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Mohammed K Shakeel, David C Hodgins, Vina M Goghari
The present study investigated self-reported impulsivity in gambling disorder (GD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Participants with GD (n = 31), BD (n = 19), and community controls (n = 68) completed diagnostic interviews and symptom severity and functioning assessments. Participants also completed the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale composed of five dimensions including urgency (i.e., acting rashly under conditions of negative or positive emotion), lack of perseverance (i.e., inability to maintain focus), lack of premeditation (i...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
G Nic Rider, Barbara J McMorris, Amy L Gower, Eli Coleman, Marla E Eisenberg
Most gambling research utilizes general youth samples and focuses on binary gender categories; few studies examine and compare gambling behaviors between transgender and gender diverse (TGD) youth and their cisgender peers. The current study used population-based data from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey to compare the prevalence of gambling behaviors and problem gambling among TGD versus cisgender adolescents, in addition to examining differences by birth-assigned sex. The analytic sample consisted of 80,929 students (including, n = 2168 [2...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
E Eyzop, A Vanier, J Leboucher, H Morvan, M Poulette, M Grall-Bronnec, G Challet-Bouju
Gambling has an inherent structural monetary component, and financial motive is one of the main motivations for gambling. Despite this, and contrary to other addictive behaviours that involve money such as compulsive buying, gambling has never been studied from a materialism perspective. The objective of the present study was to explore the links between materialism and gambling disorder (GD) and whether this relationship is mediated by financial motives for gambling. We compared 65 pathological gamblers (PGs) seeking treatment to 65 matched non-problem gamblers...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
David Fiedor, Ondřej Král, Jindřich Frajer, Miloslav Šerý, Zdeněk Szczyrba
The aim of the article is to contribute to an understanding of the attitudes of post-communist Europe's inhabitants towards gambling, and of their opinions concerning which activities can be regarded as gambling. The Attitudes Towards Gambling Scale (ATGS-8) questionnaire was used in the survey, ensuring the international comparability of the results. For the subsequent in-depth analysis of attitudes we mainly used multidimensional statistical methods. The survey, conducted in 2017, had 1092 respondents. The least negative attitudes to gambling were found in the younger age groups, while the attitudes of senior citizens were the most negative...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Shameem Fatima, Muhammad Jamil, Alfredo Ardila
It has been suggested that criminogenic thinking is likely to be a correlate of gambling. The primary aim of the current study was to assess whether gamblers and non-gamblers differ on measures of cognitive control and criminogenic cognitions. The secondary aim was to assess the association between cognitive control and criminogenic cognitions amongst gamblers and non-gamblers. The sample included 159 male participants (78 gamblers and 81 non-gamblers) with an age range from 15 to 25 years (M = 20.07, SD = 2...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Brenna Knaebe, Simone N Rodda, David C Hodgins, Dan I Lubman
Problem gambling is often accompanied by co-morbid psychiatric disorders and maladaptive personality traits. Subtyping gamblers based on these pervasive comorbidities has been attempted so as to aid understanding of the aetiology of problem gambling and inform treatment options. However, there has been less focus on subtyping gamblers with (past or current) or without a history of problem gambling, or on providing more specific treatment or self-help recommendations. The current study sought to subtype current-, past-, and non-problem gamblers using three common comorbidities; psychological distress, risky alcohol use, and impulsivity...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Brittany R Parham, Carl Robertson, Nancy Lever, Sharon Hoover, Tracy Palmer, Phyllis Lee, Kelly Willis, Joanna Prout
The article Enhancing the Relevance and Effectiveness of a Youth Gambling Prevention Program for Urban, Minority Youth: A Pilot Study of Maryland Smart Choices, written by Brittany R. Parham, Carl Robertson, Nancy Lever, Sharon Hoover, Tracy Palmer, Phyllis Lee, Kelly Willis and Joanna Prout, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 18 August 2018 with open access. With the author(s)' decision to step back from Open Choice, the copyright of the article changed on 10 September 2018 to...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Ryan Nicholson, Corey Mackenzie, Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen
Changes in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) criteria for a gambling disorder from DSM-IV to DSM-5 included a drop in the minimum number of criteria required to qualify for a diagnosis. This threshold reduction resulted in a near doubling of prevalence in non-gambling focused populations. However, the impact of this change on psychiatric comorbidity with gambling is unknown. The current study aimed to: (a) examine whether the diagnostic change affected the severity of those diagnosed with a gambling disorder with respect to mental disorder comorbidity, and (b) determine whether this relationship differed across younger (18-34 years old), middle-aged (35-54 years old), and older (55 years old and over) age groups...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Nerilee Hing, Matthew Browne, Alex M T Russell, Nancy Greer, Anna Thomas, Rebecca Jenkinson, Matthew Rockloff
Wagering inducements with bonus bets are prominently marketed and often have play-through conditions requiring further expenditure. However, these conditions are not usually presented in the inducement advertisement and may be difficult to locate. The play-through conditions themselves are complex and may lead bettors to miscalculate the inducement's true cost. Therefore, in relation to inducements with bonus bets, this study aimed to assess: (1) whether their perceived attractiveness varies with the amount and type of information provided about their play-through conditions; (2) bettors' comprehension of their true cost; and (3) whether bettors' comprehension of their true cost varies with problem gambling severity...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Brittany R Parham, Carl Robertson, Nancy Lever, Sharon Hoover, Tracy Palmer, Phyllis Lee, Kelly Willis, Joanna Prout
Youth with problem gambling behaviors are susceptible to serious academic, behavioral, and mental health consequences including school failure, criminal involvement, and depression. Coupled with increased exposure to gambling formats, issues related to youth gambling have been deemed a serious public health issue requiring increased prevention efforts. However, the literature is limited in terms of evidence-based gambling prevention programs warranting the development of The Maryland Smart Choices Program (MD-Smart Choices), a gambling prevention program for middle and high school youth...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
James Sanders, Robert Williams
The relationship between video gaming and gambling was examined in a large cross-sectional sample of 3942 Canadian online panelists who responded to a solicitation recruiting individuals who regularly gambled or played video games. Most past year video gamers reported gambling in the past year (78.5%) and most past year gamblers reported playing video games in the past year (70.7%). However, frequency of involvement in gambling as well as all individual types of gambling was only weakly correlated with frequency of involvement in video games...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Candice Graydon, Madison Stange, Mike J Dixon
Multiline slots are exciting games that contain features which make them alluring. One such feature is a loss disguised as a win (LDW); wherein, players win less than they wager (e.g., bet 2 dollars, win back 50 cents), but this net loss is disguised by flashing graphics and winning sounds. Research to date concludes that LDWs are both rewarding and reinforcing. Here, we investigated whether LDWs affect players' game selection. Thirty-two undergraduate students with experience playing slot machines played 100 spins on four games-two had positive payback percentages (115%) and two had negative payback percentages (85%) after 100 spins...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Daniel S McGrath, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Christine Novitsky, Hermano Tavares
Gamblers Anonymous is the most widely available form of support for disordered gambling. Although chapters exist worldwide, knowledge of how attendees interact with the program is limited. The present study aimed to investigate involvement in Gamblers Anonymous among attendees, motives for attendance, and overall satisfaction with the program. Furthermore, potential gambling-related predictors of attendance versus deciding not to attend Gamblers Anonymous were investigated. A treatment-seeking sample of disordered gamblers (N = 512) from São Paulo, Brazil completed a series of self-report measures including an author-compiled Gamblers Anonymous survey...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Anu Sirola, Markus Kaakinen, Atte Oksanen
The Internet provides an accessible context for online gambling and gambling-related online communities, such as discussion forums for gamblers. These communities may be particularly attractive to young gamblers who are active Internet users. The aim of this study was to examine the use of gambling-related online communities and their relevance to excessive gambling among 15-25-year-old Finnish Internet users (N = 1200). Excessive gambling was assessed by using the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Respondents were asked in a survey about their use of various kinds of gambling-related online communities, and sociodemographic and behavioral factors were adjusted...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alexander C Walker, Madison Stange, Jonathan A Fugelsang, Derek J Koehler, Mike J Dixon
Unclaimed prize information (i.e., the number of prizes still available to be won) is information commonly provided to scratch card gamblers. However, unless the number of tickets remaining to be purchased is also provided, this information is uninformative. Despite its lack of utility in assisting gamblers in choosing the most favourable type of scratch card to play, we hypothesized that unclaimed prize information would bias participants' judgments within a scratch card gambling context. In Experiment 1 (N = 201), we showed that participants are influenced by this information such that they felt more likely to win, were more excited to play, and preferred to hypothetically purchase more of the scratch card with the greatest number of unclaimed prizes...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Vladyslav Kushnir, Alexandra Godinho, David C Hodgins, Christian S Hendershot, John A Cunningham
Most problem gamblers do not seek formal treatment, recovering on their own through cognitive re-appraisal or self-help strategies. Although barriers to treatment have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research on self-directed changes in problem gambling and very few studies have examined these changes prospectively. The aim of this study was to examine the trajectory of gambling severity and behavior change over an 18-month period, among a sample of non-treatment seeking/attending problem gamblers recruited from the community (N = 204) interested in quitting or reducing gambling...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alexandra Godinho, Vladyslav Kushnir, David C Hodgins, Christian S Hendershot, John A Cunningham
Considerable evidence has suggested that problem gambling may be transitory and episodic, with gamblers routinely moving in and out of clinical thresholds. Findings in qualitative and quantitative studies have converged on identifying preliminary evidence for the role of life events as motivators and contributing factors for gambling changes over time. The aim of this study was to conduct an exploratory analysis of the relationship between life events, their respective experience as positive or negative, and gambling trajectories among problem gamblers intending to quit...
December 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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