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Journal of Gambling Studies

Ryan Nicholson, Corey Mackenzie, Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen
Changes in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) criteria for a gambling disorder from DSM-IV to DSM-5 included a drop in the minimum number of criteria required to qualify for a diagnosis. This threshold reduction resulted in a near doubling of prevalence in non-gambling focused populations. However, the impact of this change on psychiatric comorbidity with gambling is unknown. The current study aimed to: (a) examine whether the diagnostic change affected the severity of those diagnosed with a gambling disorder with respect to mental disorder comorbidity, and (b) determine whether this relationship differed across younger (18-34 years old), middle-aged (35-54 years old), and older (55 years old and over) age groups...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Nerilee Hing, Matthew Browne, Alex M T Russell, Nancy Greer, Anna Thomas, Rebecca Jenkinson, Matthew Rockloff
Wagering inducements with bonus bets are prominently marketed and often have play-through conditions requiring further expenditure. However, these conditions are not usually presented in the inducement advertisement and may be difficult to locate. The play-through conditions themselves are complex and may lead bettors to miscalculate the inducement's true cost. Therefore, in relation to inducements with bonus bets, this study aimed to assess: (1) whether their perceived attractiveness varies with the amount and type of information provided about their play-through conditions; (2) bettors' comprehension of their true cost; and (3) whether bettors' comprehension of their true cost varies with problem gambling severity...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Brittany R Parham, Carl Robertson, Nancy Lever, Sharon Hoover, Tracy Palmer, Phyllis Lee, Kelly Willis, Joanna Prout
Youth with problem gambling behaviors are susceptible to serious academic, behavioral, and mental health consequences including school failure, criminal involvement, and depression. Coupled with increased exposure to gambling formats, issues related to youth gambling have been deemed a serious public health issue requiring increased prevention efforts. However, the literature is limited in terms of evidence-based gambling prevention programs warranting the development of The Maryland Smart Choices Program (MD-Smart Choices), a gambling prevention program for middle and high school youth...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
James Sanders, Robert Williams
The relationship between video gaming and gambling was examined in a large cross-sectional sample of 3942 Canadian online panelists who responded to a solicitation recruiting individuals who regularly gambled or played video games. Most past year video gamers reported gambling in the past year (78.5%) and most past year gamblers reported playing video games in the past year (70.7%). However, frequency of involvement in gambling as well as all individual types of gambling was only weakly correlated with frequency of involvement in video games...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez, Ana Estévez, Mark D Griffiths
The way society perceives problem gambling, and its effects on how problem gamblers perceive themselves have significant consequences on the wellbeing of people experiencing gambling disorder. Associated with social perception, stigma and other social perception-related features have an impact on the way problem gamblers identify themselves, seek for help, and recover. However, not all gambling types are identically perceived by the society. The present paper examines the case of the social perception of sports betting in the context of Spain...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Apostolos Oikonomidis, Jussi Palomäki, Michael Laakasuo
Previous studies on gambling passion have identified that obsessive passion is related to negative consequences, including gambling pathology, whereas harmonious passion is mostly related to positive outcomes both during and after engagement in gambling activity. In the present study, we focused on poker players (N = 311) and investigated the associations between the two types of gambling passion and subjective well-being, while taking into account acquired poker experience. We found that harmonious passion toward poker was associated with higher levels of well-being, whereas the reverse was true for obsessive passion...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Maria Anna Donati, Andrea Frosini, Viola Angela Izzo, Caterina Primi
The Game of Dice Task (GDT; Brand et al. in Neuropsychology 19:267-277, 2005a; Psychiatry Res 133:91-99, 2005b) measures decision-making under objective risk conditions. Although disadvantageous decision-making has been shown in individuals with substance dependency, such as pathological dependency, any studies have been conducted with adolescents by using the GDT to investigate the relationship between the performance on the task and gambling behavior. Moreover, all the previous studies have considered only the GDT net score and not the single choices...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
A Adolphe, L Khatib, C van Golde, S M Gainsbury, A Blaszczynski
It is generally believed that there is an instrumental relationship between problem gambling and crime such that some gamblers resort to illegal activity to recoup financial shortfalls resulting from their gambling. However, a clear understanding of the risk factors for the commission of crimes beyond financial stresses is absent in the literature. The aim of this review was to identify the nature of crimes perpetrated by problem gamblers and the factors that contribute to the commission of gambling-related crimes...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Robert Ladouceur, Paige Shaffer, Alex Blaszczynski, Howard J Shaffer
This brief report examines whether there are differences in aspects of different characteristics, including design/methodologies of responsible gambling (RG), between studies funded by industry as compared to other sources. To investigate this, the authors used those studies included in a recent meta-analysis focusing on the empirical basis of RG initiatives (Ladouceur et al. in Addict Res Theory 25:225-235, 2017). We examined eight associations between funding sources, and different design/methodological characteristics of these studies; type of strategy, inclusion of comparison groups, measurement scales and repeated measures, publication source, number of inclusion criteria met, secondary sources of funding, publication year...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Osman Tolga Aricak
Problematic online betting among adolescents has attracted considerable public attention internationally for the last two decades. Although the online betting prevalence rate in Turkey is unclear, some reports indicate that it could be more pervasive than is currently estimated. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of problematic online betting, common behaviors of youth related to betting, and to identify the effect of family on online betting among Turkish adolescents. We surveyed 6116 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 in Istanbul to determine if they are problematic Internet users for betting...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Juliette Tobias-Webb, Rebecca L Griggs, Nataly Kaufman, Luke Clark
Experimental studies examining the relationship between alcohol use and gambling have focused predominantly on alcohol's influence on gambling behavior. There has been little consideration of the reverse pathway: whether gambling influences subsequent alcohol use. Two experiments examined whether gambling and gambling outcomes (i.e. profits during a gambling session) influenced subsequent alcohol consumption. Experiment 1 (n = 53) used an ad libitum consumption test, in which participants could request beverages during a 30 min window...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Per Binde, Ulla Romild
This study investigated the negative influence of gambling advertising, that is, gambling more often or for more money than intended. We analyzed data from wave four of the Swedish Longitudinal Gambling Study (Swelogs), in which the self-perceived negative influence of gambling advertising was measured by responses to three survey questions. Few gamblers reported having been negatively influenced by gambling advertising. Among those who reported such influence, problem gamblers were overrepresented. Those who had set limits for their gambling reported a negative influence from advertising more often than others, which likely was caused by a perception that advertising is detrimental to efforts to cut down on excessive gambling...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Ty W Lostutter, Matthew Enkema, Frank Schwebel, Jessica M Cronce, Lisa A Garberson, Bobby Ou, Melissa A Lewis, Mary E Larimer
Today's college students have grown up with legalized gambling and access to a variety of gambling venues. Compared to the general adult population, rates of disordered gambling among college students are nearly double. Previous research suggests that the desire to win money is a strong motivator to gamble (Neighbors et al. in J Gambl Stud 18:361-370, 2002a); however, there is a dearth of literature on attitudes towards money in relation to gambling behavior. The current study evaluated the association between the four subscales of the Money Attitude Scale (Yamauchi and Templer in J Pers Assess 46:522-528, 1982) and four gambling outcomes (frequency, quantity, consequences and problem severity) in a sample of college students (ages 18-25; N = 2534) using hurdle negative binomial regression model analyses...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
J Caillon, M Grall-Bronnec, B Perrot, J Leboucher, Y Donnio, L Romo, G Challet-Bouju
To prevent risks associated with online gambling, many jurisdictions propose self-exclusion strategies as a part of a responsible gambling policy. To protect online gamblers, French law provides for a 7-day temporary non-reducible and voluntary self-exclusion measure that applies only to select websites. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this self-exclusion measure for at-risk online gamblers. It was an experimental randomized controlled trial targeted at risk prevention. The main outcomes were the money wagered and time spent gambling assessed 15 days (short-term) and 2 months (medium-term) after the implementation of the self-exclusion measure...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Carolina Widinghoff, Jonas Berge, Märta Wallinius, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Anders Håkansson
Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of diagnoses related to gambling disorder, like substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder. Yet, there are few studies investigating gambling disorder prevalence and related psychiatric comorbidity in this group. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of, and association between, gambling disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of young, male violent offenders...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
John Atkinson
In a previous study of young adult college students (age 18-25), we found an association among 157 past year gamblers between gambling severity as measured by the Problem Gambling Severity Index and negative affect as measured by the total score on the 21-item Depression Anxiety and Depression Scales. An inverse association between the behavioral activation system reward responsiveness scale and gambling severity was found, as was an inverse association between reward and negative affect. In addition, an association between the behavioral inhibition system scale and negative affect was observed...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Darío Guerrero-Vaca, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Jessica González-Doña, Astrid Müller, Mathias Brand, Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Buying disorder (BD) and gambling disorder (GD) are behavioral addictions that are increasingly being researched and treated by mental health professionals. This study analyzes the underlying mechanisms of the comorbidity between both conditions in a sample of treatment-seeking patients. The sample included n = 127 patients recruited from a specialized unit in addictive behaviors at a public university hospital who presented BD symptoms with and without GD. Structural equation models analyzed the mediational mechanisms that explained the presence of the comorbid condition BD + GD...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Marina Cosenza, Maria Ciccarelli, Giovanna Nigro
Evidences from the extant literature suggest that problem gamblers show higher cognitive distortions and reported experiencing higher levels of negative affective states than recreational gamblers. Furthermore, several studies reported that the more the gambling severity, the poorer the performance in behavioral tasks assessing affective decision-making. Although gambling research on decision-making has mostly focused on the functional or dysfunctional outcomes of the decisional process, no study examined the role of decision-making styles in gambling disorder...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Luca Pancani, Paolo Riva, Simona Sacchi
Two studies tested whether social exclusion can increase gambling behavior. In Study 1, participants were asked to relive a socially painful instance, a physically painful instance or a control condition and were then presented with a real online gambling device (i.e., a slot machine). The results revealed that participants who relived a socially painful instance played longer on the gambling device. In Study 2, we induced actual feelings of social disconnection and manipulated slot machine anthropomorphization...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Jussi Ranta, Maria Bellringer, Nick Garrett, Max Abbott
Problematic gambling and depression commonly co-exist, with limited research indicating that depression and/or psychological distress appear to reduce with brief interventions for problem gambling. The present study was designed to examine the effect, over 36 months, of a brief problem gambling intervention on depression in a population of people seeking help for gambling issues. One-hundred and thirty-one participants were recruited from adult (18+ years) gambler callers to the New Zealand national gambling helpline...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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