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Journal of Gambling Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624877/gambling-motives-do-they-explain-cognitive-distortions-in-male-poker-gamblers
#1
Sasha Mathieu, Servane Barrault, Paul Brunault, Isabelle Varescon
Gambling behavior is partly the result of varied motivations leading individuals to participate in gambling activities. Specific motivational profiles are found in gamblers, and gambling motives are closely linked to the development of cognitive distortions. This cross-sectional study aimed to predict cognitive distortions from gambling motives in poker players. The population was recruited in online gambling forums. Participants reported gambling at least once a week. Data included sociodemographic characteristics, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Financial and the Gambling-Related Cognition Scale...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623608/gambling-and-the-reasoned-action-model-predicting-past-behavior-intentions-and-future-behavior
#2
Ethan Dahl, Michael J Tagler, Zachary P Hohman
Gambling is a serious concern for society because it is highly addictive and is associated with a myriad of negative outcomes. The current study applied the Reasoned Action Model (RAM) to understand and predict gambling intentions and behavior. Although prior studies have taken a reasoned action approach to understand gambling, no prior study has fully applied the RAM or used the RAM to predict future gambling. Across two studies the RAM was used to predict intentions to gamble, past gambling behavior, and future gambling behavior...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589480/dark-flow-depression-and-multiline-slot-machine-play
#3
Mike J Dixon, Madison Stange, Chanel J Larche, Candice Graydon, Jonathan A Fugelsang, Kevin A Harrigan
Multiline slot machines allow for a unique outcome type referred to as a loss disguised as a win (LDW). An LDW occurs when a player gains credits on a spin, but fewer credits than their original wager (e.g. 15-cent gain on a 20-cent wager). These outcomes alter the gambler's play experience by providing frequent, albeit smaller, credit gains throughout a playing session that are in fact net losses. Despite this negative overall value, research has shown that players physiologically respond to LDWs as if they are wins, not losses...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578520/episodic-and-binge-gambling-an-exploration-and-preliminary-quantitative-study
#4
S Cowlishaw, E Nespoli, J K Jebadurai, N Smith, H Bowden-Jones
The DSM-5 includes provisions for episodic forms of gambling disorder, with such changes aligned with earlier accounts of potential binge gambling behaviours. However, there is little research that indicates the utility of these classifications of episodic or binge gambling, and this study considered their characteristics in a clinical sample. It involved administration of a new binge gambling screening tool, along with routine measures, to n = 214 patients entering a specialist treatment clinic for gambling problems...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578519/validation-of-the-short-gambling-harm-screen-sghs-a-tool-for-assessment-of-harms-from-gambling
#5
Matthew Browne, Belinda C Goodwin, Matthew J Rockloff
It is common for jurisdictions tasked with minimising gambling-related harm to conduct problem gambling prevalence studies for the purpose of monitoring the impact of gambling on the community. However, given that both public health theory and empirical findings suggest that harms can occur without individuals satisfying clinical criteria of addiction, there is a recognized conceptual disconnect between the prevalence of clinical problem gamblers, and aggregate harm to the community. Starting with an initial item pool of 72 specific harms caused by problematic gambling, our aim was to develop a short gambling harms scale (SGHS) to screen for the presence and degree of harm caused by gambling...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577047/erratum-to-the-effect-of-losses-disguised-as-wins-and-near-misses-in-electronic-gaming-machines-a-systematic-review
#6
K R Barton, A Yazdani, N Ayer, S Kalvapalle, S Brown, J Stapleton, D G Brown, K A Harrigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497419/gender-differences-in-the-presentation-of-observable-risk-indicators-of-problem-gambling
#7
Paul Delfabbro, Anna Thomas, Andrew Armstrong
In many countries where gambling is legalised, there has been a strong public policy focus on the need for strategies to reduce gambling related harm. These have often included policies requiring staff in gambling venues to identify and/or assist people who might be experiencing gambling-related harm. To facilitate this process, researchers have developed visible behavioural indicators that might be used to profile potentially problematic gambling. Few of these studies have, however, examined whether such indicators or 'warning signs' might differ between men and women...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447289/electroencephalographic-evidence-of-abnormal-anticipatory-uncertainty-processing-in-gambling-disorder-patients
#8
Alberto Megías, Juan F Navas, Ana Perandrés-Gómez, Antonio Maldonado, Andrés Catena, José C Perales
Putting money at stake produces anticipatory uncertainty, a process that has been linked to key features of gambling. Here we examined how learning and individual differences modulate the stimulus preceding negativity (SPN, an electroencephalographic signature of perceived uncertainty of valued outcomes) in gambling disorder patients (GDPs) and healthy controls (HCs), during a non-gambling contingency learning task. Twenty-four GDPs and 26 HCs performed a causal learning task under conditions of high and medium uncertainty (HU, MU; null and positive cue-outcome contingency, respectively)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447288/understanding-the-relationship-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-gambling-behavior
#9
Lisa Farrell
This paper examines the relationship between gambling behavior and subjective wellbeing. It is often asserted that populations consist of different types of gamblers: those for whom gambling is a harmless leisure activity and those (pathological/problem gamblers) for whom the activity has harmful effects. One might, therefore, assume that subjective wellbeing will be negativity associated with an individual's level of gambling addiction. Alternatively, gamblers may choose to gamble because they derive utility from participating in this activity and so the relationship between happiness and gambling might be positively correlated...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434054/patterns-of-gambling-activities-and-gambling-problems-among-italian-high-school-students-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#10
Nicola De Luigi, Dino Gibertoni, Emanuela Randon, Antonello E Scorcu
This study aims to provide an estimate of the prevalence of gambling among Italian adolescents and a description of their patterns of gambling activities (PGAs) using a latent class analysis on 13 different types of games. A nationwide sample of 10,959 Italian high school students was recruited in 2013. We assessed problem gambling using the South Oaks Gambling Screen: Revisited for Adolescent (SOGS-RA) scale. Approximately half (50.6%) of students reported gambling at least once in the previous year; 5.0% of them were problem gamblers and 9...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434053/chinese-beliefs-in-luck-are-linked-to-gambling-problems-via-strengthened-cognitive-biases-a-mediation-test
#11
Matthew S M Lim, Robert D Rogers
Problematic patterns of gambling and their harms are known to have culturally specific expressions. For ethnic Chinese people, patterns of superstitious belief in this community appear to be linked to the elevated rates of gambling-related harms; however, little is known about the mediating psychological mechanisms. To address this issue, we surveyed 333 Chinese gamblers residing internationally and used a mediation analysis to explore how gambling-related cognitive biases, gambling frequency and variety of gambling forms ('scope') mediate the association between beliefs in luck and gambling problems...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421402/the-effect-of-losses-disguised-as-wins-and-near-misses-in-electronic-gaming-machines-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
K R Barton, Y Yazdani, N Ayer, S Kalvapalle, S Brown, J Stapleton, D G Brown, K A Harrigan
Near misses and losses disguised as wins have been of interest to gambling researchers and policymakers for many years (e.g., Griffiths in J Gambl Stud 9(2):101-120, 1993). This systematic literature review describes the behavioural, psychological, and psychobiological effects of near misses and losses disguised as wins (LDWs) in an effort to evaluate their precise influence on the player and to highlight areas requiring further investigation. A systematic search for relevant studies was conducted using Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Sociology databases, and the Gambling Research Exchange Ontario Knowledge Repository...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361215/the-categorical-stability-of-gambling-motives-among-community-recruited-gamblers-a-longitudinal-assessment
#13
Daniel S McGrath, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
Over the past decade, several motivational models have been proposed to explain the role of motives in gambling disorder. In the model captured by the four-factor Gambling Motives Questionnaire Financial (GMQ-F), gamblers are described as being primarily motivated to gamble for 'coping', 'enhancement', 'social', and 'financial' reasons. Although this model has received significant empirical support; to date, research assessing the role of motives in gambling disorder has been primarily cross-sectional in nature...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352946/new-price-new-hope-an-examination-of-the-effects-of-doubling-the-ticket-price-in-uk-lotto
#14
David Forrest, O David Gulley
The UK Lotto game was introduced in November 1994 with a standard 6/49 format and an entry fee of £1 per ticket. After several years, revenue began to fall despite extensive publicity and a variety of inducements. By 2013, nominal weekly revenue was less than half the 1995 level. In October 2013, the operator doubled the price of a ticket to £2 and made a number of changes to the pay-out structure of smaller prizes. The intent of the changes was to reverse the long downward trend in game revenue by encouraging higher jackpots and offering more pay-out opportunities for each ticket...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265831/gamtest-psychometric-evaluation-and-the-role-of-emotions-in-an-online-self-test-for-gambling-behavior
#15
Jakob Jonsson, Ingrid Munck, Rachel Volberg, Per Carlbring
Recent increases in the number of online gambling sites have made gambling more available, which may contribute to an increase in gambling problems. At the same time, online gambling provides opportunities to introduce measures intended to prevent problem gambling. GamTest is an online test of gambling behavior that provides information that can be used to give players individualized feedback and recommendations for action. The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of GamTest and validate it against the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) and the gambler's own perceived problems...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832520/barriers-in-access-to-the-treatment-for-people-with-gambling-disorders-are-they-different-from-those-experienced-by-people-with-alcohol-and-or-drug-dependence
#16
Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Jacek Moskalewicz, Łukasz Wieczorek
A prevalence of gambling disorders is diversified depending on the region of the world. Almost three quarters of pathological gamblers had never sought a professional treatment as well as an assistance in self-help groups. Reasons why they do not initiate a treatment are complex. The aim of the article is to compare barriers to the treatment for people with gambling disorders found in presented study and barriers to alcohol and drug treatment identified in the available literature. The semi structured interviews were applied and conducted with people with gambling disorders, social workers, therapists employed in the addiction treatment facilities, General Practitioners and psychiatrists...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826730/sub-clinical-alcohol-consumption-and-gambling-disorder
#17
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Eric W Leppink, Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
While it is well established that gambling disorder is associated with alcohol use disorder, less is known regarding whether sub-clinical alcohol consumption increases gambling behavior. This study examined the effects of varying levels of alcohol consumption on clinical and cognitive measures. The sample consisted of 572 non-treatment seeking gamblers age 18-29 who were divided into three groups: non-current drinkers, current drinkers who did not qualify for an alcohol use disorder, and those with an alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807640/do-high-school-students-in-india-gamble-a-study-of-problem-gambling-and-its-correlates
#18
T S Jaisoorya, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarassu, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vivek Benegal, Sanju George
Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India. This study reports point prevalence of gambling and its psychosocial correlates among high school students in the State of Kerala, India. 5043 high school students in the age group 15-19 years, from 73 schools, were selected by cluster random sampling from the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, South India...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785589/prevalence-of-problem-gambling-among-adolescents-a-comparison-across-modes-of-access-gambling-activities-and-levels-of-severity
#19
Alba González-Roz, José R Fernández-Hermida, Sara Weidberg, Victor Martínez-Loredo, Roberto Secades-Villa
The high availability and accessibility of online gambling have recently caused public concern regarding the potential increase of gambling-related problems among young people. Nonetheless, few studies among adults and none among adolescents have explored specific characteristics of gamblers as a function of gambling venues to date. This study sought to analyze the prevalence of gambling among a sample of adolescents in the last year, as well as sociodemographic and gambling-related characteristics as possible predictors of at-risk and problem gambling...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783189/understanding-the-relationship-between-sports-relevant-gambling-and-being-at-risk-for-a-gambling-problem-among-american-adolescents
#20
Loredana Marchica, Yaxi Zhao, Jeffrey Derevensky, William Ivoska
Fantasy sports is a growing industry with a reported 56.8 million individuals participating in the United States and Canada alone in 2015. Whereas this activity has attracted considerable public attention, little research has examined its impact on adolescents in spite of their high rates of gambling. The current study examined the relationship between regular participation (more than once a month) in sport-relevant gambling activities among adolescents and those identified as being at-risk for a gambling problem...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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