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Research on Social Work Practice

Renske J M van der Zwet, Deirdre M Beneken Genaamd Kolmer, René Schalk
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses social workers' orientation toward the evidence-based practice (EBP) process and explores which specific variables (e.g. age) are associated. METHODS: Data were collected from 341 Dutch social workers through an online survey which included a Dutch translation of the EBP Process Assessment Scale (EBPPAS), along with 13 background/demographic questions. RESULTS: The overall level of orientation toward the EBP process is relatively low...
October 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Hanno Hoven, Rebecca Ford, Anne Willmot, Stephanie Hagan, Johannes Siegrist
OBJECTIVE: People who are homeless experience many barriers that affect their ability to gain and sustain work. In this study, we investigate whether personal job coaching support contributes toward employment success. METHODS: The short- and long-term employment outcomes of 2,480 clients participating in a labor market program were analyzed. RESULTS: Clients being supported by a job coach have significantly higher chances of gaining employment than those not being supported...
October 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Lawrence A Palinkas, Antonio R Garcia, Gregory A Aarons, Megan Finno-Velasquez, Ian W Holloway, Thomas I Mackie, Laurel K Leslie, Patricia Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: This article describes the Standard Interview for Evidence Use (SIEU), a measure to assess the level of engagement in acquiring, evaluating, and applying research evidence in health and social service settings. METHOD: Three scales measuring input, process, and output of research evidence and eight subscales were identified using principal axis factor analysis and parallel analysis of data collected from 202 state and county child welfare, mental health, and juvenile justice systems leaders...
September 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Sang Jung Lee, Geetha Gopalan, Donna Harrington
OBJECTIVES: There has been little examination of the structural validity of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) for minority populations in clinical contexts in the Unites States. This study aimed to test prespecified factor structures (one-factor, two-factor, and three-factor models) of the PSI-SF. METHODS: This study used confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of 240 predominantly Black and Latino caregivers of children with behavioral difficulties...
July 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Traci Marie Schwinn, Jessica Elizabeth Hopkins, Steven Paul Schinke
OBJECTIVES: Girls' rates of drug use have met up with, and in some instances, surpassed boys' use. Though girls and boys share risk and protective factors associated with drug use, girls also have gender-specific risks. Interventions to prevent girls' drug use must be tailored to address the dynamics of female adolescence. METHODS: One such intervention, called RealTeen, is a 9-session, web-based drug abuse prevention program designed to address such gender-specific risk factors associated with young girls' drug use as depressed mood, low self-esteem, and high levels of perceived stress as well as general drug use risk factors of peer and social influences...
January 1, 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Douglas C Smith, Jordan P Davis, Daniel J Ureche, Karen M Tabb
For adolescents with substance use problems, it is unknown whether the provision of normative feedback is a necessary active ingredient in motivational interviewing (MI). This study investigated the impact of normative feedback on adolescents' readiness to change and perceptions of MI quality. Adolescents referred for substance use disorder (SUD) assessments were randomized to MI with normative feedback (NF; MI + NF, n = 26) or MI only (MI, n = 22). There were no significant differences between the MI + NF or MI conditions with reference to changes in readiness, and although not significant, there was a decline in readiness for the overall sample...
November 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Steven P Schinke, Traci M Schwinn, Hilary A Hursh
Intervention research is essential to help Hispanic American adolescents avoid drug use. This article describes an intervention research program aimed at preventing drug use among these youths. Grounded in salient epidemiological data, the program is informed by bicultural competence, social learning, and motivational interviewing theories. The program, called Vamos, is aimed at the risk and protective factors as well as the cultural prerogatives that demark the adolescent years of Hispanic American youths...
October 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Mary C Acri, Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood
PURPOSE: Untreated parent mental health problems have deleterious effects upon the family, yet caregivers are unlikely to receive services for their emotional health. We conducted a review of treatments and services for children and adolescents that also offered services to parents. METHODS: Child treatment and service studies were included in the present study if they analyzed parent symptoms or diagnoses over time, and the intervention contained a parent component...
September 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Geetha Gopalan, Ashley Fuss, Jennifer P Wisdom
: Among children who remain at home with their permanent caregivers following a child welfare investigation, few who manifest emotional and behavioral difficulties actually engage in mental health treatment. The Multiple Family Group service delivery model to reduce childhood disruptive behavior disorders (MFG) has shown promise in engaging child welfare-involved families. This qualitative study examines caregiver perceptions of factors that influence retention in MFGs among child welfare-involved families...
September 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Mandy McGuire-Schwartz, Latoya A Small, Gary Parker, Patricia Kim, Mary McKay
Homelessness affects a large and increasing number of families in the United States, and exposure to violence and other potentially traumatic events is common among homeless families. It is important to understand more about this population and, more specifically, about the relationship between youth mental health and caregiver mental health and trauma exposure among homeless families, in order to better serve the needs of this vulnerable population. The objective of this study is to explore the relationships between caregiver exposure to violence, caregiver depression, and youth depression and behavioral problems among homeless families...
September 1, 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Mari Umpierre, Laura V Meyers, Aida Ortiz, Angela Paulino, Anita Rivera Rodriguez, Ana Miranda, Raquel Rodriguez, Stephanie Kranes, Mary M McKay
OBJECTIVE: This article describes Phase 1 of a pilot that aims to develop, implement, and test an intervention to educate and simultaneously engage highly stressed Latino parents in child mental health services. A team of Spanish-speaking academic and community co-investigators developed the intervention using a community-based participatory research approach and qualitative methods. METHOD: Through focus groups, the team identified parents' knowledge gaps and their health communication preferences...
September 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Latoya Small, Jerrold Jackson, Geetha Gopalan, Mary McKernan McKay
Youth living in poverty face compounding familial and environmental challenges in utilizing effective community mental health services. They have ongoing stressors that increase their dropout rate in mental health service use. Difficulties also exist in staying engaged in services when they are involved with the child welfare system. This study examines the 4Rs 2Ss Family Strengthening Program, developed across four broad conceptual categories related to parenting skills and family processes that form a multiple family group service delivery approach...
July 1, 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Flavio F Marsiglia, Jamie M Booth
This article provides an overview of some common challenges and opportunities related to cultural adaptation of behavioral interventions. Cultural adaptation is presented as a necessary action to ponder when considering the adoption of an evidence-based intervention with ethnic and other minority groups. It proposes a roadmap to choose existing interventions and a specific approach to evaluate prevention and treatment interventions for cultural relevancy. An approach to conducting cultural adaptations is proposed, followed by an outline of a cultural adaptation protocol...
July 1, 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Lela Rankin Williams, Flavio F Marsiglia, Adrienne Baldwin, Stephanie Ayers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a parenting intervention, Familias: Preparando la Nueva Generación (FPNG), intended to support children, on parents heavy drinking. We hypothesized that parent participants of FPNG would reduce their heavy drinking at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Parents (N = 281) of middle school children from a large, low-income metropolitan area in the Southwest United States participated in a randomized control trial over 2 years. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis using the maximum likelihood test determined that at Wave 3, parents receiving FPNG reduced heavy drinking behaviors compared to parents in the youth-only condition (odds ratio = ...
March 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Lawrence A Palinkas
Achieving the goals of social work requires matching a specific solution to a specific problem. Understanding why the problem exists and why the solution should work requires a consideration of cause and effect. However, it is unclear whether it is desirable for social workers to identify cause and effect, whether it is possible for social workers to identify cause and effect, and, if so, what is the best means for doing so. These questions are central to determining the possibility of developing a science of social work and how we go about doing it...
September 2014: Research on Social Work Practice
Flavio F Marsiglia, Lela Rankin Williams, Stephanie L Ayers, Jaime M Booth
OBJECTIVES: This article reports the effects of a culturally grounded parenting intervention to strengthen positive parenting practices. METHOD: The intervention was designed and tested with primarily Mexican origin parents in a large urban setting of the southwestern United States using an ecodevelopmental approach. Parents (N = 393) were randomly assigned three treatment conditions: (1) a parenting and youth intervention, (2) a youth only intervention, or (3) a control group...
May 2014: Research on Social Work Practice
Byron J Powell, Enola K Proctor, Joseph E Glass
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines experimental studies that test the effectiveness of strategies intended to integrate empirically supported mental health interventions into routine care settings. Our goal was to characterize the state of the literature and to provide direction for future implementation studies. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using electronic databases and a manual search. RESULTS: Eleven studies were identified that tested implementation strategies with a randomized (n = 10) or controlled clinical trial design (n = 1)...
March 1, 2014: Research on Social Work Practice
Sean Grant, Paul Montgomery, Sally Hopewell, Geraldine Macdonald, David Moher, Evan Mayo-Wilson
Social and psychological interventions are often complex. Understanding randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of these complex interventions requires a detailed description of the interventions tested and the methods used to evaluate them; however, RCT reports often omit, or inadequately report, this information. Incomplete and inaccurate reporting hinders the optimal use of research, wastes resources, and fails to meet ethical obligations to research participants and consumers. In this article, we explain how reporting guidelines have improved the quality of reports in medicine and describe the ongoing development of a new reporting guideline for RCTs: Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials-SPI (an extension for social and psychological interventions)...
November 2013: Research on Social Work Practice
Diane M Langhorst, Y Joon Choi, Lori Keyser-Marcus, Dace S Svikis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2012: Research on Social Work Practice
Patrick S Bordnick, Amy C Traylor, Brian L Carter, Ken M Graap
OBJECTIVE: Virtual reality (VR)-based cue reactivity has been successfully used for the assessment of drug craving. Going beyond assessment of cue reactivity, a novel VR-based treatment approach for smoking cessation was developed and tested for feasibility. METHOD: In a randomized experiment, 10-week treatment feasibility trial, 46 nicotine-dependent adults, completed the10-week program. Virtual reality skills training (VRST) combined with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was compared to NRT alone...
May 2012: Research on Social Work Practice
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