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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159484/the-hemophagocytic-syndrome-in-an-immunocompromised-patient-a-diagnostic-challenge
#1
I Fiteni, G Perez-Lungmus, Jm Grasa, C Motis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159483/clinical-outcome-with-oral-linezolid-and-rifampin-following-recurrent-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-despite-prolonged-vancomycin-treatment
#2
Jon-David Schwalm, Philippe El-Helou, Christine H Lee
Drug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, are emerging as the predominant organisms involved in both nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Since the 1980s, vancomycin has been the first-line antibiotic used to treat methicillin- resistant S aureus. However, allergy and intolerance to vancomycin, the increasing number of vancomycin clinical failures and the existence of vancomycin intermediate-susceptible isolates of S aureus suggest that new antibiotics are needed. This paper reports the only known case of a successful clinical outcome with long term oral linezolid and rifampin therapy in the management of recurrent and persistent methicillin-resistant S aureus bacteremia with metastatic infections despite prolonged vancomycin use...
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159482/risk-and-prevention-of-meningococcal-disease-among-education-workers-a-review
#3
Philippe De Wals, Pierre Deshaies, Gaston De Serres, Bernard Duval, Lise Goulet, Bernard Pouliot, Sylvie Ricard, Maurice Poulin
The aims of the present study were to review the risk of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) among education workers, particularly pregnant women, and to evaluate preventive measures, in a context of endemicity, outbreak or epidemic as observed in the province of Quebec. The literature was reviewed and persons in charge of IMD surveillance in France, Quebec, the United Kingdom and the United States were interviewed. Surveys of asymptomatic carriage of Neisseria meningitidis show that transmission among students is higher than transmission between students and teachers...
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159481/translocation-of-clostridium-difficile-toxin-b-across-polarized-caco-2-cell-monolayers-is-enhanced-by-toxin-a
#4
Tim Du, Michelle J Alfa
Clostridium difficile is the etiological agent of antibiotic-associated diarrhea; the most common form of nosocomial infectious diarrhea. The basis for the shock-like systemic symptoms observed in severe cases of this infection are not known. It is hypothesized that the invasion of C difficile toxins A and/or B from the gut mucosa may contribute to these symptoms.A polarized tissue culture model employing Caco-2 cells grown on transwell inserts was established to study the translocation of purified C difficile toxins A and B...
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159480/transfusion-and-risk-of-infection-in-canada-update-2004
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159479/patient-safety-what-does-it-all-mean
#6
Lynn B Johnston, John M Conly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159478/immunization-and-autism-links-ethics-in-research
#7
Joanne Embree
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159444/headache-fever-and-back-pain-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#8
Alireza Nateghian, Vivek Mehta, John L Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159443/myiasis-in-an-urban-setting-a-case-report
#9
Gerry Predy, Mary Angus, Lance Honish, Charles E Burnett, Andrew Stagg
Myiasis is considered to be a condition only found in tropical, developing countries. However, this paper reports a case identified in an urban, North American setting. The clinical presentation is discussed along with the underlying comorbidities and social determinants.
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159442/the-management-of-infection-and-colonization-due-to-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-cids-camm-position-paper
#10
Andrew E Simor, Mark Loeb
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is being seen with greater frequency in most hospitals and other health care facilities across Canada. The organism may cause life-threatening infections and has been associated with institutional outbreaks. Several studies have confirmed that MRSA infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared with infections caused by susceptible strains, even when the presence of comorbidities is accounted for. Treatment of MRSA infection is complicated by the fact that these organisms are resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents, so treatment options are limited...
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159441/measurement-of-antibiotic-consumption-a-practical-guide-to-the-use-of-the-anatomical-thgerapeutic-chemical-classification-and-definied-daily-dose-system-methodology-in-canada
#11
James M Hutchinson, David M Patrick, Fawziah Marra, Helen Ng, William R Bowie, Laurie Heule, Mark Muscat, Dominique L Monnet
Despite the global public health importance of resistance of microorganisms to the effects of antibiotics, and the direct relationship of consumption to resistance, little information is available concerning levels of consumption in Canadian hospitals and out-patient settings. The present paper provides practical advice on the use of administrative pharmacy data to address this need. Focus is made on the use of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification and Defined Daily Dose system. Examples of consumption data from Canadian community and hospital settings, with comparisons to international data, are used to incite interest and to propose uses of this information...
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159440/should-university-students-be-vaccinated-against-meningococcal-disease-in-canada
#12
Philippe De Wals
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit and costs of vaccination of university students against invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Canada. METHODS: Published studies were reviewed and a simulation model was used. RESULTS: IMD risk seems to be of low magnitude, but consequences can be dramatic. Over a 10-year period, IMD risk reduction would be slightly greater using a monovalent C conjugate vaccine than a quadrivalent polysaccharide vaccine...
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159439/blood-cultures-in-ambulatory-patients-who-are-discharged-from-emergency-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#13
Thomas J Marrie
OBJECTIVES: To determine the factors that predict whether or not ambulatory patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treated in an emergency room (ER) setting will have blood cultures drawn and the factors that predict a positive blood culture. METHODS: Prospective observational study of all patients with a diagnosis of CAP, as made by an ER physician, who presented to any of seven Edmonton-area ERs over a two-year period. RESULTS: Seven hundred ninety-three (19...
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159438/routine-immunization-schedule-update-2004
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159437/influenza-expect-the-unexpected
#15
John M Conly, B Lynn Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159436/residential-water-heater-temperature-49-or-60-degrees-celsius
#16
Benoît Lévesque, Michel Lavoie, Jean Joly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2004: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159477/invasive-streptococcus-pneumoniae-infection-causing-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-children-two-recent-cases
#17
Otto G Vanderkooi, James D Kellner, Andrew W Wade, Tajdin Jadavji, Julian P Midgley, Thomas Louie, Gregory J Tyrell
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae is an uncommon cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) with a unique pathophysiology that differs from Shiga toxin-related HUS. METHODS: Case descriptions for each patient are provided. Each strain of S pneumoniae was subjected to a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis, Shiga toxin assay and polymerase chain reaction to detect Shiga toxin genes. A review of the current literature was conducted. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Two patients with S pneumoniae-related HUS that presented to the Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, within four weeks of each other in 2001 are described...
November 2003: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159476/three-generations-of-experience-and-thought-in-microbiology-and-infection
#18
Morris Goldner
Views and comments were sought from Brian Lacey, who was professionally active from the 1930s to the 1970s, Alain Dublanchet, active from the 1960s to the 2000s, and Mark Pallen, active from the 1990s to 2000 and beyond. Professor Lacey was professor of microbiology at the Westminster Medical School, University of London, United Kingdom, for many years and is now retired. Docteur Dublanchet is the long time head of the laboratory of microbiology and virology at the Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Villeneuve-Saint-Georges in the greater Paris area...
November 2003: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159475/assessment-of-two-alternative-sample-transport-and-fixation-methods-in-the-microbiological-diagnosis-of-bacterial-vaginosis
#19
Erica Eason, Baldwin Toye, George A Wells, Mary Senterman
BACKGROUND: The standard method for specimen collection and transport for microbiological diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is an air-dried smear of vaginal secretions, promptly heat- or alcohol-fixed, Gram-stained and scored by Nugent's criteria. OBJECTIVE: TWO ALTERNATIVE METHODS ARE EVALUATED: sending a swab in transport medium to be smeared and Gram-stained in the laboratory two days later; and sending a smear of vaginal secretions sprayed with cytological fixative to the laboratory for Gram staining seven days later...
November 2003: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18159474/a-retrospective-analysis-of-practice-patterns-in-the-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-at-three-canadian-tertiary-care-centres
#20
John M Conly, H Grant Stiver, Karl A Weiss, Debbie L Becker, Andrew J Rosner, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are increasingly being encountered and pose an increasing burden to the health care system in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate and characterize the factors influencing the current MRSA treatment patterns in patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) before linezolid became available on the Canadian market. METHODS: A retrospective study collected demographic, treatment and resource use data on patients hospitalized at one of three geographically distinct tertiary care facilities, where MRSA SSTI treatment was initiated with intravenous (IV) vancomycin...
November 2003: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
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