journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cell Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429772/global-profiling-of-crotonylation-on-non-histone-proteins
#1
Weizhi Xu, Junhu Wan, Jun Zhan, Xueying Li, Huiying He, Zhaomei Shi, Hongquan Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429771/crispr-cas9-mediated-genome-editing-in-one-blastomere-of-two-cell-embryos-reveals-a-novel-tet3-function-in-regulating-neocortical-development
#2
Lingbo Wang, Min-Yin Li, Chao Qu, Wan-Ying Miao, Qi Yin, Jiaoyang Liao, Hua-Teng Cao, Min Huang, Kai Wang, Erwei Zuo, Guangdun Peng, Shu-Xin Zhang, Guodong Chen, Qing Li, Ke Tang, Qian Yu, Zhoujie Li, Catherine Cl Wong, Guoliang Xu, Naihe Jing, Xiang Yu, Jinsong Li
Studying the early function of essential genes is an important and challenging problem in developmental biology. Here, we established a method for rapidly inducing CRISPR-Cas9-mediated mutations in one blastomere of two-cell stage embryos, termed 2-cell embryo-CRISPR-Cas9 injection (2CC), to study the in vivo function of essential (or unknown) genes in founder chimeric mice. By injecting both Cre mRNA and CRISPR-Cas9 targeting the gene of interest into fluorescent reporter mice, the 2CC method can trace both wild-type and mutant cells at different developmental stages, offering internal control for phenotypic analyses of mutant cells...
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429770/neurons-secrete-mir-132-containing-exosomes-to-regulate-brain-vascular-integrity
#3
Bing Xu, Yu Zhang, Xu-Fei Du, Jia Li, Hua-Xing Zi, Ji-Wen Bu, Yong Yan, Hua Han, Jiu-Lin Du
Vascular integrity helps maintain brain microenvironment homeostasis, which is critical for the normal development and function of the central nervous system. It is known that neural cells can regulate brain vascular integrity. However, due to the high complexity of neurovascular interactions involved, understanding of the neural regulation of brain vascular integrity is still rudimentary. Using intact zebrafish larvae and cultured rodent brain cells, we find that neurons transfer miR-132, a highly conserved and neuron-enriched microRNA, via secreting exosomes to endothelial cells (ECs) to maintain brain vascular integrity...
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429769/gene-and-mutation-independent-therapy-via-crispr-cas9-mediated-cellular-reprogramming-in-rod-photoreceptors
#4
Jie Zhu, Chang Ming, Xin Fu, Yaou Duan, Duc Anh Hoang, Jeffrey Rutgard, Runze Zhang, Wenqiu Wang, Rui Hou, Daniel Zhang, Edward Zhang, Charlotte Zhang, Xiaoke Hao, Wenjun Xiong, Kang Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429768/reassembling-embryos-in-vitro-from-component-stem-cells
#5
Caroline Kubaczka, George Q Daley
Researchers at the University of Cambridge, UK have succeeded in reconstructing mouse embryos by combining pluripotent embryonic and multipotent trophoblast stem cells in a 3D scaffold; the study from the laboratory of Professor Zernicka-Goetz, recently published in Science, provides a break-through tool to probe early mammalian development outside the uterus. Achieving a similar feat with human cells might necessitate reconsideration of the 14-day rule as a limitation of such research.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429767/love-laughs-at-locksmiths-ubiquitylation-of-p62-sequestosome-1-unlocks-its-autophagy-receptor-potential
#6
Owen Conway, Vladimir Kirkin
The multimodular adapter p62/sequestosome-1 plays prominent roles in physiology and disease by mediating cell signaling and cargo degradation. The work by Peng et al. published recently in Cell Research provides mechanistic insights into activation of its autophagy receptor function critical for maintaining cell homeostasis during various forms of stress.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429766/beyond-growth-signaling-paneth-cells-metabolically-suppport-iscs
#7
Talya L Dayton, Hans Clevers
Single Lgr5 intestinal stem cells (ISCs) can be expanded in vitro into epithelial organoids or "mini-guts", self-organizing cellular structures that recreate the intestinal differentiation program; Paneth cells, which constitute the intestinal stem cell niche, secrete stem cell growth signals, and are thus essential for this process. In a recent paper published in Nature, Rodríguez-Colman et al. describe how Paneth cells may be supporting the metabolic state of ISCs.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429765/repolarizing-macrophages-improves-breast-cancer-therapy
#8
Luca Cassetta, Jeffrey W Pollard
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) contribute to breast cancer progression and dissemination; TAM-targeting strategies aimed at their reprogramming show promising preclinical results. In a new report Guerriero and colleagues demonstrate that a novel HDAC Class IIa inhibitor, TMP195, can reprogram monocytes and macrophages in the tumor into cells able to sustain a robust CD8 T cell-mediated anti-tumoral immune response.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418038/5-methylcytosine-promotes-mrna-export-nsun2-as-the-methyltransferase-and-alyref-as-an-m-5-c-reader
#9
Xin Yang, Ying Yang, Bao-Fa Sun, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jia-Wei Xu, Wei-Yi Lai, Ang Li, Xing Wang, Devi Prasad Bhattarai, Wen Xiao, Hui-Ying Sun, Qin Zhu, Hai-Li Ma, Samir Adhikari, Min Sun, Ya-Juan Hao, Bing Zhang, Chun-Min Huang, Niu Huang, Gui-Bin Jiang, Yong-Liang Zhao, Hai-Lin Wang, Ying-Pu Sun, Yun-Gui Yang
5-methylcytosine (m(5)C) is a post-transcriptional RNA modification identified in both stable and highly abundant tRNAs and rRNAs, and in mRNAs. However, its regulatory role in mRNA metabolism is still largely unknown. Here, we reveal that m(5)C modification is enriched in CG-rich regions and in regions immediately downstream of translation initiation sites and has conserved, tissue-specific and dynamic features across mammalian transcriptomes. Moreover, m(5)C formation in mRNAs is mainly catalyzed by the RNA methyltransferase NSUN2, and m(5)C is specifically recognized by the mRNA export adaptor ALYREF as shown by in vitro and in vivo studies...
April 18, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409562/chemotherapy-induced-intestinal-inflammatory-responses-are-mediated-by-exosome-secretion-of-double-strand-dna-via-aim2-inflammasome-activation
#10
Qiaoshi Lian, Jun Xu, Shanshan Yan, Min Huang, Honghua Ding, Xiaoyu Sun, Aiwei Bi, Jian Ding, Bing Sun, Meiyu Geng
Chemotherapies are known often to induce severe gastrointestinal tract toxicity but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study considers the widely applied cytotoxic agent irinotecan (CPT-11) as a representative agent and demonstrates that treatment induces massive release of double-strand DNA from the intestine that accounts for the dose-limiting intestinal toxicity of the compound. Specifically, "self-DNA" released through exosome secretion enters the cytosol of innate immune cells and activates the AIM2 (absent in melanoma 2) inflammasome...
April 14, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397799/an-mrna-based-vaccine-strategy-against-zika
#11
Gary Wong, George F Gao
Infections with Zika virus are strongly associated with complications such as congenital microcephaly and can trigger Guillain-Barré syndrome in humans, highlighting the urgent need for a safe, efficacious vaccine as a preventative countermeasure. In a recent paper published in Cell, Richner et al. generated a lipid nanoparticle encapsulated modified mRNA vaccine encoding the prM and E genes from Zika virus, which showed protection and sterilizing immunity in immunocompetent mice.
April 11, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374752/optogenetic-activation-of-dorsal-raphe-neurons-rescues-the-autistic-like-social-deficits-in-shank3-knockout-mice
#12
Junyu Luo, Qiru Feng, Liping Wei, Minmin Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374751/reversible-transition-between-hepatocytes-and-liver-progenitors-for-in-vitro-hepatocyte-expansion
#13
Han Wu, Xu Zhou, Gong-Bo Fu, Zhi-Ying He, Hong-Ping Wu, Pu You, Charles Ashton, Xin Wang, Hong-Yang Wang, He-Xin Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374750/structural-basis-of-stringent-pam-recognition-by-crispr-c2c1-in-complex-with-sgrna
#14
Dan Wu, Xiaoyu Guan, Yuwei Zhu, Kuan Ren, Zhiwei Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374749/pkr-activation-and-eif2%C3%AE-phosphorylation-mediate-human-globin-mrna-splicing-at-spliceosome-assembly
#15
Lena Ilan, Farhat Osman, Lise Sarah Namer, Einav Eliahu, Smadar Cohen-Chalamish, Yitzhak Ben-Asouli, Yona Banai, Raymond Kaempfer
Short elements in mammalian mRNA can control gene expression by activating the RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR that attenuates translation by phosphorylating cytoplasmic eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α). We demonstrate a novel, positive role for PKR activation and eIF2α phosphorylation in human globin mRNA splicing. PKR localizes in splicing complexes and associates with splicing factor SC35. Splicing and early-stage spliceosome assembly on β-globin pre-mRNA depend strictly on activation of PKR by a codon-containing RNA fragment within exon 1 and on phosphorylation of nuclear eIF2α on Serine 51...
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374748/fasting-induced-hormonal-regulation-of-lysosomal-function
#16
Liqun Chen, Ke Wang, Aijun Long, Liangjie Jia, Yuanyuan Zhang, Haiteng Deng, Yu Li, Jinbo Han, Yiguo Wang
Lysosomes are centers for nutrient sensing and recycling that allow mammals to adapt to starvation. Regulation of lysosome dynamics by internal nutrient signaling is well described, but the mechanisms by which external cues modulate lysosomal function are unclear. Here, we describe an essential role of the fasting-induced hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in lysosome homeostasis in mice. Fgf21 deficiency impairs hepatic lysosomal function by blocking transcription factor EB (TFEB), a master regulator of lysosome biogenesis and autophagy...
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374747/mitochondrial-replacement-by-pre-pronuclear-transfer-in-human-embryos
#17
Keliang Wu, Tailai Chen, Sexin Huang, Cuiqing Zhong, Junhao Yan, Xiaoyu Zhang, Jinsong Li, Yuan Gao, Han Zhao, Zi-Jiang Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374746/intracellular-hmgb1-as-a-novel-tumor-suppressor-of-pancreatic-cancer
#18
Rui Kang, Yangchun Xie, Qiuhong Zhang, Wen Hou, Qingping Jiang, Shan Zhu, Jinbao Liu, Dexing Zeng, Haichao Wang, David L Bartlett, Timothy R Billiar, Herbert J Zeh, Michael T Lotze, Daolin Tang
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) driven by oncogenic K-Ras remains among the most lethal human cancers despite recent advances in modern medicine. The pathogenesis of PDAC is partly attributable to intrinsic chromosome instability and extrinsic inflammation activation. However, the molecular link between these two events in pancreatic tumorigenesis has not yet been fully established. Here, we show that intracellular high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) remarkably suppresses oncogenic K-Ras-driven pancreatic tumorigenesis by inhibiting chromosome instability-mediated pro-inflammatory nucleosome release...
April 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361897/spontaneous-dna-damage-propels-tumorigenicity
#19
Ilio Vitale, Guido Kroemer
High levels of endogenously generated DNA damage drive oncogenesis, sustain malignant progression and increase therapy resistance. In a paper recently published in Cell Research, Liu and colleagues added additional insights into this topic by uncovering a novel intrinsic source of double-strand breaks that fosters the aggressiveness and stemness of malignant cells.
March 31, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361896/tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-live-off-the-fat-of-the-land
#20
J Michael Stolley, David Masopust
The consumption of exogenous free fatty acids by tissue-resident memory T (Trm) cells is critical for their long-term survival and antiviral function, and appears to be a conserved feature of Trm cells in both mouse and man, a recent paper published in Nature demonstrates.
March 31, 2017: Cell Research
journal
journal
31754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"