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Journal de Mycologie Médicale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526521/coexistence-of-aspergilloma-and-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-in-an-immunocompetent-individual
#1
F Aala, H Badali, S Hashemi Fesharaki, M Boroumand, M Sotoudeh Anvari, H Davari, S Agha Kuchak Afshari, S Khodavaisy
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. The liver and lungs are the most commonly sites of infections, but involvements of other organs were also observed. Recently, the coinfection of pulmonary hydatid cyst with aspergilloma has been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a successful treatment of coinfection of cystic echinoccosis with aspergilloma due to Aspergillus flavus in a 34-year-old female. In vitro antifungal susceptibility tests revealed that the MIC values for antifungals employed in this case were posaconazole (0...
May 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506565/the-antifungal-activity-of-moroccan-plants-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-secondary-metabolites-from-plants
#2
REVIEW
F Lagrouh, N Dakka, Y Bakri
This review is based on a comprehensive literature search for existing knowledge about antifungal mechanisms of different secondary metabolites from plants. The secondary metabolites have been grouped into three major groups according to their biosynthetic origin. On another side, this review represents studies on antifungal activity of essential oils and extracts from Moroccan plants, against fungal species involved in human or plant diseases.
May 11, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506564/contamination-of-cockroaches-insecta-blattaria-to-medically-fungi-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
H Nasirian
INTRODUCTION: Fungal infections have emerged worldwide. Cockroaches have been proved vectors of medically fungi. METHODS: A systematic meta-analysis review about cockroach fungal contamination was investigated. Relevant topics were collected between January 2016 and January 2017. After a preliminary review among 392 collected papers, 156 were selected to become part of the detailed systematic meta-analysis review. RESULTS: Cockroaches contaminated to 38 fungi species belonging to 19 families and 12 orders...
May 11, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501468/-tinea-capitis-main-mycosis-child-epidemiological-study-on-10years
#4
A Kallel, A Hdider, N Fakhfakh, S Belhadj, N Belhadj-Salah, N Bada, A Chouchen, S Ennigrou, K Kallel
Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014)...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501467/keratitis-by-a-rare-pathogen-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-a-case-report
#5
S T Pote, A Chakraborty, K K Lahiri, M S Patole, R A Deshmukh, S R Shah
Colletotrichum species have been reported infrequently as the cause of keratitis or subcutaneous lesions. The patient we describe developed keratitis after ocular trauma. The sample from the corneal scrapings grew Colletotrichum gloeosporioides as identified from morphological characters and DNA sequence of the 'Internal Transcribed Spacer' (ITS) region. The patient underwent topical application of amphotericin-B followed by itraconazole and natamycin treatment. Simultaneous oral voriconazole regimen leads to complete regression of corneal ulcer...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501466/a-case-of-bilateral-otomycosis-associated-with-aspergillus-flavus-and-a-%C3%A2-terreus-in-taiwan
#6
R Kirschner, P-L Sun, S-L Huang, C-L Chen, C-P Yang
Otitis externa caused by fungi (otomycosis) occurs more commonly in tropical areas with high moisture than in temperate regions. Bilateral otomycosis is, however, rarely reported. In a case of bilateral otitis externa in a 56-year-old male patient in Taiwan, direct microscopic examination of the cerumen as well as isolation of strains indicated the presence of two Aspergillus species being different in each of both ears. The species were identified by DNA sequence comparisons and additional morphological confirmation of diagnostic characteristics as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus terreus...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501465/candiduria-evidence-based-approach-to-management-are-we-there-yet
#7
REVIEW
W A Alfouzan, R Dhar
Candiduria is considered one of the most controversial issues in patient management. Neither the diagnosis nor the optimal treatment options are standardized. This is further complicated by lack of defined laboratory criteria for diagnosis as most of the studies were set for bacterial rather than fungal urinary tract infection (UTI). Furthermore, since Candida species is a known commensal of the genitourinary tract its presence in the urine sample adds ambiguity to making a definitive diagnosis of candidal UTI...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499642/efficiency-of-four-currently-used-decontamination-conditionings-in-romania-against-aspergillus-and-candida-strains
#8
D Lorin, R T Cristina, V Teusdea, E Mitrănescu, F Muselin, M Butnariu, G David, E Dumitrescu
INTRODUCTION: Efficacy of four commercial biocidal products (noted A to D), using manufacturers' recommendations, and a contact time of 30minutes, were evaluated in the purpose of standard SR EN1657: 2006 adapted. METHODS: Were used four strains, two as reference: Aspergillus brasiliensis (niger) (ATCC 16404) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), and two isolates: Aspergillus flavus and respectively Aspergillus fumigatus. The inoculum plates containing Malt Extract Agar (MEA) were incubated 48h for C...
May 9, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483450/aflatoxin-proximate-composition-and-mineral-profile-of-stored-broiler-feed-treated-with-medicinal-plant-leaves
#9
S M Hassan, B Sultana, A Atta, N Qureshi, M Iqbal, M Abbas
OBJECTIVES: In the present investigation, the Morus alba (M. alba), Vitis vinifera (V. vinifera), Ficus religiosa (F. religiosa) and Citrus paradisi (C. paradisi) leaves anti-aflatoxigenic activities were evaluated in Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus) inoculated feed. METHODS: The broiler feed inoculated with A. flavus was treated with selected medicinal plant leaf powder (5%, 10% and 15% w/w) and stored for the period of six months at 28°C and 16% moisture...
May 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483449/luliconazole-an-alternative-antifungal-agent-against-aspergillus-terreus
#10
M Zargaran, S Taghipour, N Kiasat, E Aboualigalehdari, A Rezaei-Matehkolaei, A Zarei Mahmoudabadi, F Shamsizadeh
Aspergillus terreus is the fourth leading cause of invasive and non-invasive aspergillosis and one of the causative agents of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised and high-risk patients. A. terreus appears to have increased as a cause of opportunistic fungal infections from superficial to serious invasive infections. Although, invasive aspergillosis is often treated empirically with amphotericin B, most A. terreus isolates are resistant both in vivo and in vitro to some antifungal drugs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate antifungals susceptibility profiles of the different strains of A...
May 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483448/involvement-of-mitochondrial-aerobic-respiratory-activity-in-efflux-mediated-resistance-of-c-%C3%A2-albicans-to-fluconazole
#11
H Guo, S M Xie, S X Li, Y J Song, X Y Zhong, H Zhang
Reduced intracellular accumulation of drugs mediated by efflux pump is one of the most critical mechanisms governing fluconazole (FLC) resistance in Candida albicans (C. albicans). Besides, mitochondrial aerobic respiration plays a major role in C. albicans metabolism. However, it is unclear whether mitochondrial aerobic respiration is involved with efflux-mediated resistance of C. albicans to azole. We measured key parameters of energy conversion, including the activity of respiratory chain complexes I, III and V (CI, CIII and CV), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in two C...
May 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479007/necrotizing-fasciitis-resulting-in-fatal-lung-aspergillosis-uncommon-pathogenesis-a-case-report
#12
T Mammadli, B-S Kim, H-O Rennekampff, N Pallua
We present a fatal case of Aspergillus-associated lung failure in a patient with necrotizing fasciitis. The cause of the fasciitis was a retroperitoneal perforation of a colon carcinoma. Being already a rare condition, the fasciitis did not manifest as Fournier's gangrene like similar described cases illustrate, but instead travelled along the fasciae and subcutaneous fat tissue cranially into the thoracic cavity, ultimately leading to a disseminated infection of the lungs. The lethal outcome was thus caused by respiratory failure at a time when the primary focus was already successfully treated, contrary to typical cases of necrotizing fasciitis...
May 4, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478968/an-unusual-case-of-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-saprochaete-capitata-under-anidulafungin-treatment
#13
G Hazirolan, A Aypak, N Aksu
Saprochaete capitata may cause uncommon severe infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. Here, we describe a rare case of urinary tract infection by S. capitata in a chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus patient, which occur during anidulafungin therapy. Mycological examinations of urine were positive to S. capitata identified by mass spectrometry and confirmed by ITS sequencing. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the isolate for amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole and, anidulafungin were 2, 16, 1, 1, and 8μg/mL, respectively...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478967/-fusarioses-to-fusarium%C3%A2-solani-in-an-immunocompetent-and-immunocompromised-diagnosed-in-military-hospital-of-rabat
#14
A T Bissan, M Iken, M Doumbia, N Ou-Khedda, M El Alaoui, B Lmimouni
Fusarium are ubiquitous hyalohyphomycoses, usually encountered in the soil. They are the second unusual fungal pathogens after the Trichosporon. Intertrigo Fusarium sp. is a rare achievement. We report a case of intertrigos interorteils in an immunocompetent 45years old and a same case associated with a total onychodystrophy in an immunocompromised 75year-old. Laboratory diagnosis has found Fusarium solani confirmed with the positivity of a pure culture twice. Good progress was noted with terbinafine treatment...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478966/a-rare-case-of-multiple-brain-abscess-and-probably-disseminated-phaeohyphomycosis-due-to-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-an-immunosuppressed-individual-from-india
#15
S Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, A Mahadevan, V H Bahubali, R Dawn Bharath, A R Prabhuraj, S Maji, N Siddaiah
Cladophialophora bantiana, a dematiaceous neurotropic mold causes rare and lethal brain abscess, commonly in immunocompetent hosts. We report a rare and probably a case of disseminated infection with this black mold in an immunosuppressed individual from India. A 55-year-old diabetic male presented with severe headache, blurred-vision, behavioural abnormalities, eye-pain and ear-discharge. He was undergoing treatment for hypertension, prostatomegaly and obstructive pulmonary disease. He was on steroids for the past six years for uveitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454927/antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-extract-from-origanum%C3%A2-floribundum-munby-rosmarinus%C3%A2-officinalis-l-and-thymus%C3%A2-ciliatus-desf-against-candida%C3%A2-albicans-isolated-from-bovine-clinical-mastitis
#16
S Ksouri, S Djebir, A A Bentorki, A Gouri, Y Hadef, A Benakhla
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to limit the antibiotic use in mastitis treatment and to find other alternatives. The antifungal activity of the essential oils from Origanum floribundum Munby., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Thymus ciliatus Desf. is studied in the present work against a Candida albicans reference strain and ten C. albicans isolated strains from bovine clinical mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation technique using Clevenger apparatus...
April 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462780/-african-histoplamosis-a-report-of-three-pediatric-cases
#17
REVIEW
J R Mabiala Babela, C Mboutol Mandavo, R Nika Evrard, B Ossibi Ibara, L Lamah, L C Ollandzobo Ikobo, A Mouko, J F Peko
Histoplasmosis duboisii (Histoplasma capsulatum var duboisii) is uncommon disease especially in children. It is observed in Africa where the incidence is unknown. The authors report a series of three pediatric cases. The report concerned 2 girls and one boy who were 3, 9 and 4 year-old, respectively. Symptoms evolved for more than two months in each case. At admission, we found fever and poor general condition. Observed lesions were lymphnodes localisation disseminated (cases 1 and 2), subcutaneous (cold abscess) and cutaneous simulating molluscum contagiosum (case 2), osteoarticular (cases 2 and 3), abdominal including peritoneal and hepatosplenic (case 1)...
April 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391957/dermatophytic-disease-with-deficit-in-card9-a-new-case-with-a-brain-impairment
#18
O Boudghene Stambouli, N Amrani, K Boudghéne Stambouli, F Bouali
INTRODUCTION: Dermatophytic disease individualized by Hadida and Schousboe in 1959 is a rare form of chronic dermatophyte infection; characterized by subcutaneous and visceral invasion and a therapeutic failure. We report a case of dermatophytic disease with brain abscess in an Algerian patient. OBSERVATIONS: The patient was 47-year-old, she was born parents first cousins. She had since the age of 10 years scaly scalp lesions that became secondarily papular and nodular...
April 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363817/regression-analysis-and-categorical-agreement-of-fluconazole-disk-zone-diameters-and-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-by-broth-microdilution-of-clinical-isolates-of-candida
#19
P Aggarwal, B Kashyap
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Rampant use of fluconazole in Candida infections has led to predominance of less susceptible non-albicans Candida over Candida albicans. The aim of the study was to determine if zone diameters around fluconazole disk can be used to estimate the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for clinical isolates of Candida species and vice versa. Categorical agreement between the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommended disk diffusion and CLSI broth microdilution method was sought for...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363816/paecilomyces-variotii-peritonitis-in-a-patient-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
E Uzunoglu, A M Sahin
Paecilomyces variotii (P. variotii) is an extremely rare cause of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis. When diagnosed, it usually portends poor prognosis. Patient's survival depends on early laboratory diagnosis and proper treatment. We herein report a P. variotii peritonitis in a patient on CAPD which is a quite rare clinical entity. Laboratory diagnosis was confirmed via both morphological analysis and DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility tests were performed and interpreted according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute M38-A2 guidelines...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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