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Journal de Mycologie Médicale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391957/dermatophytic-disease-with-deficit-in-card9-a-new-case-with-a-brain-impairment
#1
O Boudghene Stambouli, N Amrani, K Boudghéne Stambouli, F Bouali
INTRODUCTION: Dermatophytic disease individualized by Hadida and Schousboe in 1959 is a rare form of chronic dermatophyte infection; characterized by subcutaneous and visceral invasion and a therapeutic failure. We report a case of dermatophytic disease with brain abscess in an Algerian patient. OBSERVATIONS: The patient was 47-year-old, she was born parents first cousins. She had since the age of 10 years scaly scalp lesions that became secondarily papular and nodular...
April 5, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363817/regression-analysis-and-categorical-agreement-of-fluconazole-disk-zone-diameters-and-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-by-broth-microdilution-of-clinical-isolates-of-candida
#2
P Aggarwal, B Kashyap
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Rampant use of fluconazole in Candida infections has led to predominance of less susceptible non-albicans Candida over Candida albicans. The aim of the study was to determine if zone diameters around fluconazole disk can be used to estimate the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for clinical isolates of Candida species and vice versa. Categorical agreement between the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommended disk diffusion and CLSI broth microdilution method was sought for...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363816/paecilomyces-variotii-peritonitis-in-a-patient-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
E Uzunoglu, A M Sahin
Paecilomyces variotii (P. variotii) is an extremely rare cause of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis. When diagnosed, it usually portends poor prognosis. Patient's survival depends on early laboratory diagnosis and proper treatment. We herein report a P. variotii peritonitis in a patient on CAPD which is a quite rare clinical entity. Laboratory diagnosis was confirmed via both morphological analysis and DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility tests were performed and interpreted according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute M38-A2 guidelines...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351513/aflatoxin-biosynthesis-control-produced-by-aspergillus-flavus-in-layer-hens-feed-during-storage-period-of-six-months
#4
S M Hassan, B Sultana, M Iqbal
Aflatoxins (AFTs) are a group of closely related toxins that are produced by different fungus species. Food and feed contamination with AFT is a worldwide health-related problem. As a result of fungal attack, the food and feed resulted in a principal socioeconomic loss and toxins produced in feed and food items harm the humans and animals in different ways. The anti-aflatoxigenic effect Psidium guajava, Ficus benghalensis, Gardenia radicans, Punica granatum and Ziziphus jujuba leaves were evaluated against aflatoxins (AFTs), produced by Aspergillus flavus in layer feed during storage...
March 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347600/-mycological-profile-of-onychomycosis-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#5
E A Kouotou, F A Kechia, Y Iwewe Somo, U Nguena Feungue, N J R Nansseu, R Moyou Somo
BACKGROUND: The lack of data concerning the mycological spectrum of onychomycosis in Cameroon prompted us to conduct the present study, which aimed to determine the mycological profile of onychomycosis diagnosed during dermatologic consultations in Yaoundé, Cameroon. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study held from October 2014 to March 2015 in six hospitals of Yaoundé. Patients suspected of onychomycosis were consecutively recruited during dermatologic consultations; anamnestic and clinical data were recorded and one or several nail fragments sampled for mycological examination (direct examination or culture)...
March 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347599/the-anti-dermatophyte-activity-of-zataria-multiflora-essential-oils
#6
M Mahboubi, R HeidaryTabar, E Mahdizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Dermtophytes are a group of pathogenic fungi and the major cause of dermatophytosis in humans and animals. Fighting dermatophytes by natural essential oils is one important issue in new researches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, we evaluated the anti-dermatophyte activities of three samples of Z. multiflora essential oils against dermatophytes along with analysis of chemical compositions of the essential oils and their anti-elastase activities on elastase production in dermatophytes...
March 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342778/-the-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-algeria
#7
REVIEW
M Chekiri-Talbi, D W Denning
In Algeria, superficial mycoses are very commonly diagnosed. Deep fungal infections are less often observed. Few data from Algeria are found in the literature. We report for the first time the main causes of these diseases in our country and provide burden estimates. We searched for existing data and estimated the incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases based on the population at risk and available epidemiological data. Demographic data were derived from the Service (Office) of the Statistics (ONES), World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and national published reports...
March 22, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336168/-pseudo-tumoral-invasive-fungus-infection-of-the-maxillary-sinus-in-abidjan
#8
A K Tanon, C Assouan, E Anzouan-Kacou, D N'guessan, A Salami, S Boni, E Konan
INTRODUCTION: The invasive fungal infection of the maxillary sinus is a rare and serious disease generally favored by immunosuppression. We report an exceptional case of pseudotumoral invasive fungal infection of the maxillary sinus in an immunocompetent patient. OBSERVATION: A 32-year-old patient consulted for labial and left temporal swelling associated with proptosis and chemosis that has been developing for 18 months. The scanner objectified a filling of the left maxillary sinus, and the ipsilateral orbital cavity, and the surrounding muscles...
March 20, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318900/epidemiological-and-mycological-characteristics-of-candidemia-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
A Vaezi, H Fakhim, S Khodavaisy, A Alizadeh, M Nazeri, A Soleimani, T Boekhout, H Badali
To date, there has been no comprehensive review of the epidemiology, risk factors, species distribution, and outcomes of candidemia in Iran. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all reported candidemia cases in Iran until December 2015. The review process occurred in three steps, namely a literature search, data extraction and statistical analyses. After a comprehensive literature search, we identified 55 cases. The mean age of patients was 46.80±24.30 years (range 1-81 years)...
March 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314678/practices-of-infectious-control-management-during-neutropenia-a-survey-from-149-french-hospitals
#10
N Lequilliec, R Raymond, D Vanjak, N Baghdadi, H Boulestreau, J-R Zahar, J-P Gangneux
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: Neutropenic patients represent a growing and fragile population in our hospitals. Numerous treatments induce neutropenia in haematology wards and elsewhere. Although strict isolation is recommended during post-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation neutropenia, this may not be the current practice in other situations. In this study, our objective was to analyse what protective measures are applied in neutropenic patients in a French survey. MATERIELS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent out to infection control teams of 400 public and private French hospitals to enquire about their local recommendations regarding infection prevention in neutropenic patients...
March 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314677/vulvovaginal-candidiasis-etiology-symptomatology-and-risk-factors
#11
L Mtibaa, N Fakhfakh, A Kallel, S Belhadj, N Belhaj Salah, N Bada, K Kallel
OBJECTIVE: To determine epidemiological, clinical and mycological characteristics of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in Tunisian population and to evaluate predisposing factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 2160 vaginal swabs were performed over 2 years (January 2014-December 2015). It was carried out at the laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Rabta Hospital in Tunisia. After swab collecting, direct examination and culture on Sabouraud Chloramphenicol and Sabouraud Chloramphenicol Actidione media were implemented to research yeasts...
March 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302347/fungemia-due-to-saprochaete-capitata-in-a-non-neutropenic-patient-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit-after-cardiac-surgery
#12
C Cavanna, F Lallitto, F Mangione, F Tamarozzi, P Marone, P Ceriana
The majority of invasive fungal infections observed in non-neutropenic patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit are caused by Candida spp and current guidelines recommend echinocandins as the first-line treatment. Fungemias caused by filamentous or arthrosporic fungi such as Saprochaete capitata (previously named Geotrichum capitatum) are extremely rare. In fact, invasive infections due to S. capitata have been reported almost exclusively in neutropenic oncohematological patients. In this report, we describe a case of fungemia caused by S...
March 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286025/preparations-based-on-minerals-extracts-of-calicotome-villosa-roots-and-bovine-butyrate-matter-evaluation-in-vitro-of-their-antifungal-activity
#13
B Barhouchi, S Aouadi, A Abdi
OBJECTIVE: The use of preparations based on minerals extracts of Calicotome villosa and butter is born from the misuse of drugs without specific microbiological analyzes. Seventeen different preparations were performed. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were determined on five bacteria and two fungi strains respectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: C. villosa ashes are obtained by incineration of roots plant at 498°C for 4hours. They are analyzed to determine the shape of the particles and the mineral constituents by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) techniques respectively...
March 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236530/comparison-of-enzymatic-activities-in-different-candida-species-isolated-from-women-with-vulvovaginitis
#14
M Fatahinia, M Halvaeezadeh, A Rezaei-Matehkolaei
INTRODUCTION: Comparing the activities of secreted enzymes in different fungal species can improve our understanding of their pathogenic role. Secretion of various enzymes by Candida species has been considered for determination of their virulence in different Candida infections including vulvovaginitis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the activity of secreted enzymes in Candidia strains isolated from women suspected to vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and referred to some health centers in Khuzestan, Southwestern Iran...
February 21, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214143/retrospective-study-of-candida-sp-contaminations-of-endoscopes-at-the-university-hospital-of-tlemcen-algeria
#15
REVIEW
I Hassaine-Lahfa, Z Boucherit-Otmani, L Sari-Belkherroubi, K Boucherit
BACKGROUND: Improper cleaning and disinfection of endoscopes has been responsible for multiple nosocomial outbreaks and sometimes serious life-threatening infections. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is, at first, to identify Candida species responsible for the contamination of endoscopes, and to determine the minimal inhibitory concentrations of planktonic (MIC) and sessile cells (SMIC) of amphotericin B (AmB) against our isolated strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was performed on four endoscopes in the department of gastroenterology at the University Hospital of Tlemcen (Algeria)...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214142/-a-case-of-rhinofacial-entomophthoromycosis-in-soudano-sahelian-tropical-climate-in-burkina-faso
#16
S Bamba, V Konsegré, A Zida, I Sangaré, M Cissé, R Beogo, B Diallo, J B Andonaba, R T Guiguemdé
We describe a rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis case in a sexagenarian (65 years old) housewife. She was immunocompetent and resident of Burkina Faso. She consulted both the service of dermatology and the service of stomatology of the Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso in February 2016 for a diffuse facial tumefaction evolving over six months. This tumefaction was associated with headaches and a left nasal obstruction. Histological examination of the lesion showed an important and polymorphic inflammatory reaction...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190754/consistent-high-prevalence-of-exophiala-dermatitidis-a-neurotropic-opportunist-on-railway-sleepers
#17
S A Yazdanparast, S Mohseni, G S De Hoog, N Aslani, A Sadeh, H Badali
Environmental isolation of black yeasts potentially causing human disorders is essential for understanding ecology and routes of infection. Several Exophiala species show prevalence for man-made environments rich in monoaromatic compounds, such as creosote-treated or petroleum-stained railway sleepers. Ambient climatic conditions play a role in species composition in suitable habitats. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to establish the composition of Exophiala species in railway stations as a potential source of human infections in a subtropical region with evaluation of their antifungal susceptibility profiles...
February 9, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189377/investigation-of-the-antifungal-potential-of-linalool-against-clinical-isolates-of-fluconazole-resistant-trichophyton-rubrum
#18
M I de Oliveira Lima, A C Araújo de Medeiros, K V Souza Silva, G N Cardoso, E de Oliveira Lima, F de Oliveira Pereira
The aim of this study was to investigate the activity of the monoterpene linalool against clinical isolates of Trichophyton rubrum. Initially, a sensitivity assay for commercial antifungals with solid disks in diffusion medium was performed. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of linalool and ketoconazole (positive control) were determined by microdilution in RPMI 1640 medium (CLSI M38-A2). We then evaluated the action of linalool and ketoconazole at different concentrations (1/2MIC, MIC and 2×MIC) on mycelial growth (radial mycelial growth), conidia production and conidia germination using a hemacytometer...
February 9, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189376/persistent-candida-conglobata-bloodstream-infection-in-a-preterm-neonate-successfully-treated-by-combination-therapy-with-amphotericin-b-and-caspofungin
#19
N Al-Sweih, S Ahmad, S Khan, Z Khan, L Joseph, S Vayalil, R Chandy
Fungemia due to uncommon/rare Candida species is an emerging problem of global clinical significance. Here, we describe a case of Candida conglobata bloodstream infection in a preterm neonate. The diagnosis was established by repeated isolation of C. conglobata in blood cultures and by detection of rDNA of the fungus in serum samples. The identity of the isolate as C. conglobata was confirmed by sequencing of ITS region and D1/D2 domains of rDNA. Despite initial treatment with a liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) for 7 days, the blood culture remained positive...
February 9, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188052/-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-invasive-infection-the-first-reported-case-in-morocco
#20
A Maleb, E Sebbar, M Frikh, S Boubker, A Moussaoui, A El Mekkaoui, W Khannoussi, G Kharrasse, B Belefquih, A Lemnouer, Z Ismaili, M Elouennass
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a cosmopolitan yeast, widely used in agro-alimentary and pharmaceutical industry. Its impact in human pathology is rare, but maybe still underestimated compared to the real situation. This yeast is currently considered as an emerging and opportunistic pathogen. Risk factors are immunosuppression and intravascular device carrying. Fungemias are the most frequent clinical forms. We report the first case of S. cerevisiae invasive infection described in Morocco, and to propose a review of the literature cases of S...
February 7, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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