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Journal de Mycologie Médicale

G Hazirolan, N Koçak, A Karagöz
INTRODUCTION: Trichosporon asahii is the most common species that causes trichosporonosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, a collection of 68T. asahii strains recovered from hospitalized patients urine samples between 2011 and 2016 was examined. T. asahii strains were identified by sequencing the intergenic spacer 1 region (IGS1) and genotyped. In addition, proteinase, phospholipase, esterase, haemolytic activity, and biofilm formation of a total of T...
July 5, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S K Deshmukh, S A Verekar, Y G Chavan
Forty soil samples were collected from seven sites in the vicinity of Sambhar lake Rajasthan, India and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting techniques for isolation. Seventeen isolates were recovered and identified. The cultures were identified by recognition of their macro- and micro- morphological features. Their identification was confirmed by BLAST using ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA region and sequences have been deposited in NCBI data base. A total of 34 species belonging to 29 genera were isolated...
June 30, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Akroum
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: Candidiasis and dermatophytoses are benign infections in humans and animals, but they are very dreaded diseases in immunocompromised individuals. These infections become resistant to different treatments which make them more dangerous. In this work, we tried to find a new way for treating them. So we were interested in the antifungal activity of Camellia sinensis (tea); this plant is known to have many health benefits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We tested the ability of the acetone and aqueous crude extracts of the plant to inhibit in vitro the growth of Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei and Microsporum persicolor...
June 27, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Yaralizadeh, P Abedi, F Namjoyan, M Fatahinia, S Nezamivand Chegini
BACKGROUND: Candida albicans may cause vaginal infections in women. The aim of this study was to compare the antifungal effect of Lawsonia inermis with that of clotrimazole on rats. METHODS: A total of 35female Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 5groups. Four groups were infected vaginally with C. albicans and one group was not (negative control). The four infected groups received the following treatments: two groups received vaginal creams of 2% or 4% of L...
June 9, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
L García-Agudo, M Rodríguez-Iglesias, R Carranza-González
OBJECTIVE: Candiduria is increasingly frequent in hospitalized debilitated patients. We aimed to evaluate the approach of clinicians to candiduria in the oldest old, and its effect on clearance and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational study without intervention was carried out during 2012 and 2013 in three Spanish hospitals over patients with nosocomial candiduria aged 80 and over. Following a diagnostic algorithm, we assessed the appropriateness of antifungal therapy and analyzed the impact of the clinical approach (antifungal therapy, antibiotics discontinuation and catheter removal or replacement) on the outcome (mortality at 60 days and resolution, persistence or recurrence of candiduria)...
June 8, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
P Saravana Kumar, P Yuvaraj, M Gabrial Paulraj, S Ignacimuthu, N Abdullah Al-Dhabi
The present study was aimed to isolate bioactive actinomycetes with antifungal properties. Twenty-seven distinct soil derived actinomycetes were investigated for their antifungal activities. Among these, one isolate exhibited significant antifungal activity. Phenotypic and 16s rRNA gene sequence analysis strongly suggested that the active isolate BG4 belonged to the genus Streptomyces. Further, the chemical investigation of the active extract resulted in the isolation of a major compound and it was structurally elucidated as phenyl acetic acid (PAA)...
June 5, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Mazur, M Lodyga, A Łańczak, Z Adamski
Majocchi's granuloma is a folliculitis caused by dermatophytes, which is most commonly located on the skin of the lower limbs in women. A favorable factor for the infection is an injury caused by epilation, which, together with an existing fungal infection, can lead to the spread of folliculitis to other parts of the body. The disease is extremely rare (Burgdorf et al., 2010). The aim of this article is to describe the case of a patient who developed severe edematous lesions of the lower extremities from a mycosis infection with Trichophyton mentagrophytes varietas granulosum, the carrier of which was a domestic guinea pig...
May 31, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S T Loeffert, L Hénaff, D Dupont, A-L Bienvenu, C Dananché, P Cassier, T Bénet, M Wallon, M-P Gustin, P Vanhems
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have reported the emerging worldwide problem of azole drug resistance of A. fumigatus isolates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antifungal susceptibilities of A. fumigatus isolates recovered from air and clinical samples collected in a French University hospital (Lyon), which underwent major deconstruction works over a one year-period. METHODS: A daily surveillance of fungal contamination was implemented during 11-months. Environmental survey was realized by air samplings, outdoor and indoor, with an automatic agar sampler...
May 28, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
A Sharifpour, N Gholinejad-Ghadi, R Ghasemian, Z Seifi, S R Aghili, E Zaboli, R Abdi, T Shokohi
The patients with hematologic malignancies and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at high risk for invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) mainly due to the severe and prolonged neutropenia related to high-dose chemotherapy. Voriconazole prophylaxis is recommended for possible IFDs. Mucormycosis is a fulminant infection, which may occur after voriconazole prophylaxis for invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised hosts. Here, we report mucormycosis after 4 months of voriconazole prophylaxis in a young patient with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia and hematopoietic stem cell transplant failure and discuss the clinical manifestation, imaging, laboratory findings and therapeutic regimens...
May 25, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
N Aslani, M Abastabar, M T Hedayati, T Shokohi, S R Aghili, K Diba, T Hosseini, B Bahrami, A Ebrahimpour, M Salehi, M Taheri Sarvtin, I Haghani, M Vafaei Moghaddam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to provide insight into the prevalence and susceptibility profiles of Candida species isolated from the dental plaque of Iranian immunocompetent patients. As a biofilm, Candida species are responsible for several disorders common to the oral cavity including gingivitis, dental caries, periodontitis, and the less common severe systemic infections specifically in immunosuppressed individuals. METHOD: PCR-RFLP was performed to identify yeasts isolated from the dental plaques of 40 immunocompetent patients...
May 24, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
B Barhouchi, S Aouadi, A Abdi
OBJECTIVE: The use of preparations based on minerals extracts of Calicotome villosa and butter is born from the misuse of drugs without specific microbiological analyzes. Seventeen different preparations were performed. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were determined on five bacteria and two fungi strains respectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: C.villosa ashes are obtained by incineration of roots plant at 498°C for 4hours. They are analyzed to determine the shape of the particles and the mineral constituents by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) techniques respectively...
May 24, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
A Sharma, S Singh, R Tewari, V P Bhatt, J Sharma, I K Maurya
In the present study, we have evaluated the antifungal activity of the seed, root and leaf of Paeonia emodi (commonly known as Himalayan peony) in four common solvents (acetone, chloroform, methanol and water) against six fungal strains. The methanolic seed extract (MSE) showed promising antifungal activity against Candida albicans (6.25mg/mL), Candida glabrata (3.12mg/mL) and Candida parapsilosis (12.50mg/mL) among all the fungal strains tested. Combination of the MSE with the well-known commercial antifungal drugs amphotericin B (Amp B), nystatin (NYS) and fluconazole (FLC) resulted in the killing of C...
May 23, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
J Smyth, C C Mullen, L Jack, A Collier, A M Bal
OBJECTIVE: Echinocandins and azoles are widely used in the treatment of candidaemia. Guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommend commencing treatment with an echinocandin in candidaemic patients with risk factors for Candida glabrata i.e. patients who are elderly, or who have diabetes or malignancy, or those with recent prescription of azoles. We attempted to validate whether age, diabetes and malignancy are associated with C. glabrata candidaemia. PATIENTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information in relation to demographics, patient associated risk factors, and laboratory parameters were collected from the casenotes and the laboratory information system...
May 23, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
P Dallé da Rosa, A Nunes, R Borges, B Batista, A Meneghello Fuentefria, L Z Goldani
Fungal keratitis is recognized as a significant cause of ocular morbidity and blindness especially in developing countries. In this study, we aimed to present the molecular identification and susceptibility of Fusarium isolates causing fungal keratitis in a university hospital in southern Brazil. The samples were identified using the second largest subunit of the RNA polymerase gene (RPB2) and the translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF1), while the antifungal susceptibility was tested by the broth microdilution method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methodology...
May 17, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Dabiri, M Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M Razzaghi-Abyaneh
Candida species are the commensal organisms of human and animal mucosa that cause a wide range of debilitating diseases in immunocompromised patients and other susceptible individuals. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of clinical isolates of various Candida species to produce proteinase and phospholipase, hydrophobicity and biofilm forming ability that assumed to have a vital role in Candida pathogenicity. Eighty-four Candida strains belonged to Candida albicans (44.1%), C. glabrata (5.9%), C...
May 16, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S K Swain, M C Sahu, A Banerjee
Mucormycosis is a rare clinical entity, often affect immunocompromised patients. It is an emergency situation and has poor prognosis. Prompt diagnosis with tissue biopsy, local control of the disease by aggressive surgical debridement and appropriate systemic antifungal treatment improve the prognosis and survival of the patients. Treatment of mucormycosis needs antifungal agents such as Amphotericin B and wide surgical debridement. Early diagnosis and treatment is often needed for survival of the patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
I Hadrich, A Ayadi
Fungal infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite the latest developments of diagnostic tools and therapeutic options. Early initiation of the appropriate antifungal therapy has been demonstrated to have a direct impact on the patient's outcome. Antifungal susceptibility testing methods are available to detect antifungal resistance and to determine the best treatment for a specific fungus. American and European standards have been developed, as well as equivalent commercial systems, which are more appropriate for clinical laboratories...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Fang-Ying Wang, Pei-Lun Sun
Tinea blepharo-ciliaris is a rare form of dermatophyte infection which involves eyelids and associated eyelashes. We report a 13-year-old girl with type I diabetes mellitus who had right eyelid swelling and eyelash loss for two weeks. The lesions were presented as erythematous patches with scales and tiny pustules on the right upper and lower eyelids with broken eyelashes. Two additional annular erythematous patches with scaly active borders were found on her right forearm and right thigh. Microscopic examination of broken eyelashes demonstrated many chains of arthroconidia and hyaline hyphae in an endothrix invasion pattern...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
D Arrache, H Zait, V Rodriguez-Nava, E Bergeron, T Durand, M Yahiaoui, F Grenouillet, A Amrane, F Chaouche, A Baiod, K Madani, B Hamrioui
Nocardial brain abscess is often occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Here, the authors describe a case of cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking a metastatic tumor in an apparently health 40-year-old Algerian male. The patient presented multiple brain abscess revealed by inaugural epileptic seizure. He was afebrile and presented with left hemiparesis. Staging imaging showed a nodular lung lesion in the apical segment of the right lower lobe. The patient underwent double craniotomy for resection of the lesion...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
F E Far, M M J Al-Obaidi, M N M Desa
BACKGROUND: Malassezia furfur is lipodependent yeast like fungus that causes superficial mycoses such as pityriasis versicolor and dandruff. Nevertheless, there are no standard reference methods to perform susceptibility test of Malassezia species yet. AIMS: Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the optimized culture medium for growth of this lipophilic yeast using modified leeming-Notman agar and colorimetric resazurin microtiter assay to assess antimycotic activity of fluconazole against M...
May 9, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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