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Journal de Mycologie Médicale

M H Minooeianhaghighi, L Sepehrian, H Shokri
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), which affects approximately 5% of women of reproductive age, is defined as 4 or more episodes of symptomatic Candida vaginitis within a year. The purposes of this study were to determine the chemical compositions and antifungal susceptibility of Cuminum cyminum (C. cyminum) and Lavandula binaludensis (L. binaludensis) essential oils and their combination against Candida albicans (C. albicans) strains isolated from patients with RVVC...
October 14, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
J Anand, N Rai
The present investigation aims at evaluating synergistic herbal based composition of purified catechins with fluconazole, amphotericin B and copper sulphate against Candida albicans (MTCC 3017) and Candida glabrata (MTCC 3019). The catechins were isolated from green tea leaves of Assam, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand regions of India. The synergistic activity of combinations against Candida species was assessed following microdilution checkerboard technique and time kill assay. The inhibitory action of most significant combination on treated Candida cells was assessed by scanning electron microscopy...
October 12, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
A Minoza, J Zecler, C Miossec, D Quist, S Pierre-François, C Deligny, S Simon, C Aznar, N Desbois
Between the 24th of June and the 6th of July 2005, nine men came to Fort-de-France emergency department (Martinique, French West Indies) with more or less pronounced pulmonary symptoms associated in two cases with skin lesions. Three weeks before these nine men performed work in a deserted house. The diagnosis of histoplasmosis was based on pulmonary sample mycological analysis (direct examination and culture), molecular biology and serological tests. Interrogatory and environmental investigations on the presumed place of exposition to H...
October 7, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
G Metan, F Elmali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
W P Silva-Rocha, M F de Azevedo, G M Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Dermatomycoses are superficial fungal infections which affect the skin, hair and nails of humans and animals. Male and female patients of all ages are affected by this condition. The main etiological agents of dermatomycoses are the dermatophytes fungi of the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton, while the main yeasts belong to the genera Candida, Malassezia and Trichosporon. The variation in the distribution of dermatomycoses worldwide justify the conduction of epidemiological studies in order to contribute for the better understanding of patterns of mycological cutaneous infections...
September 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Mashjoor, M Yousefzadi
Pharmaceutical industries now accept that oceans contain a vast array of organisms with unique biological properties. As investigation of antimicrobial activity, three species of Holothuria sea cucumbers (Holothuria scabra, Holothuria parva and Holothuria leucospilota) from the Persian Gulf, Iran, were obtained, their different organs: gonads (G), body wall (BW), intestine tract (IT), respiratory tree (RT) were isolated and extracted with organic solvents: ethyl acetate and methanol. Antifungal and antibacterial activities of each fraction was estimated with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and disk-diffusion method against the number (i...
September 15, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
A Ogouyèmi-Hounto, D M Zannou, G Ayihounton, C Ahouada, A Azon-Kouanou, J Acakpo, Y Sissinto Savi de Tove, D Kinde Gazard
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of cryptococcal antigenemia and associated factors in HIV-infected patients in Cotonou in order to introduce systematic screening in national guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted from June to September 2015 in four outpatient treatment centers with adult patients infected with HIV, receiving or not antiretroviral treatment with a number of CD4≤200cell/μL and who have given their informed consent to participate in the study...
September 15, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Lydia Rajakumari, P Saravana Kumari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Candida in the buccal cavity of diabetic and non-diabetic individuals in and around Pondicherry, India and to analyse the antifungal susceptibility profile of the selected isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 buccal samples, 200 each from diabetic and non-diabetic healthy individuals were included in the study. Sabouraud's dextrose agar was used for isolation of Candida species...
September 2, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
K Diongue, M A Diallo, M Ndiaye, A S Badiane, M C Seck, A Diop, Y D Ndiaye, D Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: Superficial fungal infections, particularly of the skin, scalp and nails are very common and have been reported worldwide. The most common causative agents of these mycoses are dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. However, these agents vary with time and depend on many factors including the geography. The objective of this study was to identify the causative agents of superficial mycoses diagnosed at the Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar (Senegal). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study concerned 1851 outpatients received in the parasitological and mycological laboratory of Le Dantec hospital during the period from January 2011 to December 2015...
August 31, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
K Diongue, A Diop, M A Diallo, A S Badiane, M Ndiaye, M C Seck, D Samb, Y D Ndiaye, D Ndiaye
A Senegalese lady of 17 years old presented right hand tinea unguium on all fingernails except the thumb lasting for 10 years. Mycological analysis showed with the direct examination 20% KOH mount numerous septate hyphae. Culture revealed Microsporum langeronii at a first time. The mycological analysis resumption with sampling scalp revealed a tinea capitis with M. langeronii then culture of nail pieces confirmed in a second time M. langeronii also associated with Trichophyton soudanense in the tinea unguium...
August 31, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Ndiaye, M Taleb, B A Diatta, A Diop, M Diallo, S Diadie, N B Seck, S Diallo, M T Ndiaye, S O Niang, F Ly, A Kane, M T Dieng
INTRODUCTION: The etiologies of intertrigo in adults are numerous and different. The objective of our work was to study the epidemiological, clinical and the risk factors of intertrigo in adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study for a period of seven months in two Dermatology Units in Dakar (Senegal). All adults patient with intertrigo seen during this period who gave consent were included. RESULTS: One hundred and three patients with intertrigo were diagnosed with a hospital prevalence of 2...
August 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Z Hamroune, A Mazouz, A-B Benelmouffok, D Kellou
: Tinea capitis are common in Algeria and are a frequent reason for consultation. This mycosis affects children and rarely adults. This is a retrospective study over a period of 20 years from 1995 to 2015 at the mycology laboratory of the Pasteur institute of Algeria. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: Observe the evolution of these tinea over the years, to study the epidemiological aspects and identify the responsible agents. PATIENTS: This study concerned patients of all ages and sexes living in the region of Algiers and the environs, consultant for various scalp lesions...
August 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Zamani, G Sadeghi, F Yazdinia, H Moosa, A Pazooki, Z Ghafarinia, M Abbasi, M Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M Razzaghi-Abyaneh
OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is the most frequent fungal infection all over the world and its frequency is constantly increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical features and epidemiological trends of dermatophytosis over the years 2010 to 2014 in Tehran, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 13,312 patients clinically suspected of cutaneous fungal infections were examined. Skin scales, plucked hairs, nail clippings and sub-ungual debris were examined by direct microscopy and culture...
August 9, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
I Dollo, L Marih, M El Fane, M Es-Sebbani, M Sodqi, A Oulad Lahsen, A Chakib, F El Kadioui, A Hamdani, M J El Mabrouki, M Soussi Abdallaoui, Z Karima, S Hassoune, A Maaroufi, K Marhoum El Filali
OBJECTIVE: To report the cases of neuromeningeal cryptococcosis and to describe the clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and outcomes of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 43 patients infected with HIV admitted from January first 2010 to June 30th 2015 in the infectious disease unit of UHC Ibn Rochd, for neuromeningeal cryptococcus. RESULTS: The mean frequency of neuromeningeal cryptococcosis in patients infected with HIV was 1...
August 9, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Salari, T Bakhshi, F Sharififar, A Naseri, P Ghasemi Nejad Almani
OBJECTIVES: Salvia species have long been described in traditional medicine for various indications. Owing to the widespread use of this genus by ethnic populations, especially for various infections ranging from skin disease to gastrointestinal disorders, we were encouraged to determine whether Salvia rhytidea could be effective against fungal infections. Given the increased incidence of candidiasis in the past decade, limits on the use of antifungal drugs, emergence of azole-resistant Candida species and increased incidence of treatment failures, it is necessary to identify a novel agent with antifungal properties...
August 4, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Didehdar, T Shokohi, B Khansarinejad, S Ali Asghar Sefidgar, M Abastabar, I Haghani, N Amirrajab, M Mondanizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is considered as one of the major public health problems in the world. Accurate identification of the dermatophytes species is important for recognition of the environment and animal sources of infection. In this survey, 1500 clinical specimens taken from outpatients suspected of dermatophytosis and they were examined by direct microscopy and culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, three hundred and twelve dermatophytes were isolates recovered in culture, they were identified using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method based on the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions...
August 2, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M N L Ngo Mback, H Agnaniet, F Nguimatsia, P-M Jazet Dongmo, J-B Hzounda Fokou, I Bakarnga-Via, F Fekam Boyom, C Menut
OBJECTIVE: The limitations encountered in the management of fungal infections are due to the resistance, high toxicity, and overuse of conventional antifungal drugs. For bringing solutions, the antifungal activity of Aeollanthus heliotropioides essential oil will be evaluated and optimized. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aerial parts of A. heliotropioides were harvested and essential oil extracted by hydrodistillation. The chemical composition was determined using gas chromatography and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance...
September 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Y Sharma, L A Khan, N Manzoor
Candidiasis is a major problem in immunocompromised patients. Candida, an opportunistic fungal pathogen, is a major health concern today as conventional drugs are highly toxic with undesirable side effects. Their fungistatic nature is responsible for drug resistance in continuously evolving strains. Geraniol, an acyclic monoterpene alcohol, is a component of several plant essential oils. In the present study, an attempt has been made to understand the antifungal activity of geraniol at the cell membrane level in three Candida species...
September 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
M Bloch, R Cavignaux, A Debourgogne, J Dorin, M Machouart, N Contet-Audonneau
Dermatophytes are responsible for widespread superficial fungal infections, currently representing a real public health problem. Some of the fungi involved in these mycoses are transmitted by pets, illustrating great host specificity within this fungal group. Thus, a new variety of zoophilic dermatophyte has been described in recent years by the Mycology Laboratory of the University Hospital of Nancy, within the complex T. mentagrophytes. This variant was named T. mentagrophytes var. porcellae, following the observation of a significant number of patients with dermatomycoses of exposed parts of the body and having had contact with a guinea pig...
September 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
S Shirkhani, A Sepahvand, M Mirzaee, K Anbari
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to characterize phospholipase and proteinase activities of Candida isolates from 82 vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and to study the relationship of these activities with vulvovaginitis. METHODS: Totally 82 Candida isolates from vagina samples of VVC patients were randomly collected over the period between September and December 2014 from hospitalized patients at the general hospitals of Lorestan province, Iran. Isolates were previously identified by conventional mycological methods...
September 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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