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Journal de Mycologie Médicale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043787/-clusters-of-fusarium-solani-infection-in-juvenile-captive-born-caretta-caretta-sea-turtles
#1
M Garcia-Hartmann, C Hennequin, S Catteau, C Béatini, V Blanc
Various yeasts and filamentous fungi are described as the cause of infection in sea turtles. Among them, Fusarium solani is responsible both for superficial and invasive infection in weakened adults (capture, stranding), and wild nest contamination, causing massive losses during hatching. We illustrate the pathogenicity of this fungus in sea turtles, through our experience with the species Caretta caretta (loggerhead turtle) and its reproduction, which was obtained for the first time in 2010 at the marine park Marineland, Antibes and renewed in 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041812/metabolic-adaptation-via-regulated-enzyme-degradation-in-the-pathogenic-yeast-candida-albicans
#2
S Y Ting, O A Ishola, M A Ahmed, Y M Tabana, S Dahham, M T Agha, S F Musa, R Muhammed, L T L Than, D Sandai
The virulence of Candida albicans is dependent upon fitness attributes as well as virulence factors. These attributes include robust stress responses and metabolic flexibility. The assimilation of carbon sources is important for growth and essential for the establishment of infections by C. albicans. Previous studies showed that the C. albicans ICL1 genes, which encode the glyoxylate cycle enzymes isocitratelyase are required for growth on non-fermentable carbon sources such as lactate and oleic acid and were repressed by 2% glucose...
December 29, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040418/-trichophyton-tonsurans-associated-with-non-albicans-candida-species-in-hands-onychomycosis-about-a-moroccan-case
#3
S Kouara, B Ait Hlilou, A Abbadi, H Khalki, I Benbella, K Lahmadi, M Er-Rami
INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton tonsurans is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, frequent in the USA and in Asia where it is responsible for causing tinea capitis. At present, we attend an emergence of this species in certain regions where it was not or little met. Here, we report a case of onychomycosis of the hand due to T. tonsurans associated with non-albicans Candida species at an adult woman. OBSERVATION: The patient is a 62-year-old woman, with hypertension and diabetes...
December 28, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011127/anticandidal-antibacterial-cytotoxic-and-antioxidant-activities-of-calendula-arvensis-flowers
#4
A-M Abudunia, I Marmouzi, M E A Faouzi, Y Ramli, J Taoufik, N El Madani, E M Essassi, A Salama, K Khedid, M Ansar, A Ibrahimi
Calendula arvensis (CA) is one of the important plants used in traditional medicine in Morocco, due to its interesting chemical composition. The present study aimed to determine the anticandidal, antioxidant and antibacterial activities, and the effects of extracts of CA flowers on the growth of myeloid cancer cells. Also, to characterize the chemical composition of the plant. Flowers of CA were collected based on ethnopharmacological information from the villages around the region Rabat-Khemisset, Moroccco...
December 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865660/vitamin-d3-a-new-drug-against-candida-albicans
#5
D Bouzid, S Merouki, M Bachiri, S E Ailane, M M Zerroug
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we demonstrate that vitamin D3 had fungicidal activity against Candida albicans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The susceptibility of the yeast strain to the vitamin D3 was investigated by the antimicrobial screening using modified agar diffusion method, minimum fungistatic concentrations (MFCs) and minimum fungicide concentrations (MFCC) of the vitamin D3 were determined by the broth dilution method. RESULTS: The antifungal activity indicted that 100μg/ml of vitamin D3 had a power inhibition in the growth of C...
November 16, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856170/antifungal-activity-of-acetone-extracts-from-punica-granatum-l-quercus-suber-l-%C3%A2-and-vicia-faba-l
#6
S Akroum
Human and animal mycoses become more frequent and more resistant to traditional treatments. In this work, we tested the in vitro antifungal activity of acetonic extracts of Punica granatum L., Quercus suber L. and Vicia faba L. against seven pathogen fungi and the in vivo antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The phytochemical screening was also carried out and showed that the extracts contained mainly proanthocyanidins. Other polyphenols were also present but in low quantity...
November 14, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842800/anti-candida-albicans-natural-products-sources-of-new-antifungal-drugs-a-review
#7
REVIEW
A Zida, S Bamba, A Yacouba, R Ouedraogo-Traore, R T Guiguemdé
INTRODUCTION: Candida albicans is the most prevalent fungal pathogen in humans. Due to the development of drug resistance, there is today a need for new antifungal agents for the efficient management of C. albicans infections. Therefore, we reviewed antifungal activity, mechanisms of action, possible synergism with antifungal drugs of all natural substances experimented to be efficient against C. albicans for future. METHODS: An extensive and systematic review of the literature was undertaken and all relevant abstracts and full-text articles analyzed and included in the review...
November 11, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818191/corticosteroids-for-the-management-of-severe-intracranial-hypertension-in-meningoencephalitis-caused-by-cryptococcus-gattii-a-case-report-and-review
#8
R-A Maciel, L-S Ferreira, F Wirth, P-D Rosa, M Aves, E Turra, L-Z Goldani
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in meningitis caused by Cryptococcus gattii in immunocompetent patients after initiation of antifungal therapy appears to be the result of paradoxical antifungal treatment-induced clinical deterioration due to improved local immune responses to cryptococcal organisms. Recent anecdotal reports have suggested a favorable clinical response to corticosteroids in select patients with C. gattii central nervous system (CNS) infections. In this report, we describe a 65-year-old patient with meningoencephalitis caused by C...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887809/an-estimation-of-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-france
#9
J-P Gangneux, M-E Bougnoux, C Hennequin, C Godet, J Chandenier, D W Denning, B Dupont
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: An estimation of burden of serious fungal diseases in France is essential data to inform public health priorities on the importance of resources and research needed on these infections. In France, precise data are available for invasive fungal diseases but estimates for several other diseases such as chronic and immunoallergic diseases are by contrast less known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the Web of Science Platform...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789229/antifungal-activity-and-influence-of-propolis-against-germ-tube-formation-as-a-critical-virulence-attribute-by-clinical-isolates-of-candida-albicans
#10
N S Haghdoost, T Z Salehi, A Khosravi, A Sharifzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The potentiality to switch between yeast and hyphal morphologies plays an important role in the virulence of Candida albicans (C. albicans). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the chemical composition, antifungal activity and influence of propolis upon germ tube formation of C. albicans clinical isolates. METHODS: The major compounds of propolis ethanolic extract (PEE) was revealed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727098/-clustered-cases-of-histoplasmosis-due-to-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-capsulatum-in-martinique-case-reports-and-environmental-investigation
#11
A Minoza, J Zecler, C Miossec, D Quist, S Pierre-François, C Deligny, S Simon, C Aznar, N Desbois
Between the 24th of June and the 6th of July 2005, nine men came to Fort-de-France emergency department (Martinique, French West Indies) with more or less pronounced pulmonary symptoms associated in two cases with skin lesions. Three weeks before these nine men performed work in a deserted house. The diagnosis of histoplasmosis was based on pulmonary sample mycological analysis (direct examination and culture), molecular biology and serological tests. Interrogatory and environmental investigations on the presumed place of exposition to H...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663204/the-influence-of-the-control-group-characteristics-for-the-diagnostic-performance-of-1-3-beta-d-glucan-in-invasive-aspergillosis
#12
LETTER
G Metan, F Elmali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641486/-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-cryptococcal-antigenemia-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-cotonou-benin
#13
A Ogouyèmi-Hounto, D M Zannou, G Ayihounton, C Ahouada, A Azon-Kouanou, J Acakpo, Y Sissinto Savi de Tove, D Kinde Gazard
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of cryptococcal antigenemia and associated factors in HIV-infected patients in Cotonou in order to introduce systematic screening in national guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted from June to September 2015 in four outpatient treatment centers with adult patients infected with HIV, receiving or not antiretroviral treatment with a number of CD4≤200cell/μL and who have given their informed consent to participate in the study...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601306/prevalence-of-candida-species-in-the-buccal-cavity-of-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-individuals-in-and-around-pondicherry
#14
M Lydia Rajakumari, P Saravana Kumari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Candida in the buccal cavity of diabetic and non-diabetic individuals in and around Pondicherry, India and to analyse the antifungal susceptibility profile of the selected isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 buccal samples, 200 each from diabetic and non-diabetic healthy individuals were included in the study. Sabouraud's dextrose agar was used for isolation of Candida species...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592054/-causative-agents-of-superficial-mycoses-isolated-in-dakar-senegal-retrospective-study-from-2011%C3%A2-to-2015
#15
K Diongue, M A Diallo, M Ndiaye, A S Badiane, M C Seck, A Diop, Y D Ndiaye, D Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: Superficial fungal infections, particularly of the skin, scalp and nails are very common and have been reported worldwide. The most common causative agents of these mycoses are dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. However, these agents vary with time and depend on many factors including the geography. The objective of this study was to identify the causative agents of superficial mycoses diagnosed at the Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar (Senegal). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study concerned 1851 outpatients received in the parasitological and mycological laboratory of Le Dantec hospital during the period from January 2011 to December 2015...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592053/-tinea-unguium-with-microsporum-langeronii-and-trichophyton-soudanense-revealing-tinea-capitis-with-m-%C3%A2-langeronii
#16
K Diongue, A Diop, M A Diallo, A S Badiane, M Ndiaye, M C Seck, D Samb, Y D Ndiaye, D Ndiaye
A Senegalese lady of 17 years old presented right hand tinea unguium on all fingernails except the thumb lasting for 10 years. Mycological analysis showed with the direct examination 20% KOH mount numerous septate hyphae. Culture revealed Microsporum langeronii at a first time. The mycological analysis resumption with sampling scalp revealed a tinea capitis with M. langeronii then culture of nail pieces confirmed in a second time M. langeronii also associated with Trichophyton soudanense in the tinea unguium...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554867/-evolution-of-tinea-capitis-observed-in-mycology-laboratory-of-institute-pasteur-of-algeria-from1995-to-2015
#17
Z Hamroune, A Mazouz, A-B Benelmouffok, D Kellou
: Tinea capitis are common in Algeria and are a frequent reason for consultation. This mycosis affects children and rarely adults. This is a retrospective study over a period of 20 years from 1995 to 2015 at the mycology laboratory of the Pasteur institute of Algeria. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: Observe the evolution of these tinea over the years, to study the epidemiological aspects and identify the responsible agents. PATIENTS: This study concerned patients of all ages and sexes living in the region of Algiers and the environs, consultant for various scalp lesions...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520535/epidemiological-trends-of-dermatophytosis-in-tehran-iran-a-five-year-retrospective-study
#18
S Zamani, G Sadeghi, F Yazdinia, H Moosa, A Pazooki, Z Ghafarinia, M Abbasi, M Shams-Ghahfarokhi, M Razzaghi-Abyaneh
OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is the most frequent fungal infection all over the world and its frequency is constantly increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical features and epidemiological trends of dermatophytosis over the years 2010 to 2014 in Tehran, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 13,312 patients clinically suspected of cutaneous fungal infections were examined. Skin scales, plucked hairs, nail clippings and sub-ungual debris were examined by direct microscopy and culture...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520534/-retrospective-study-of-neuromeningeal-cryptococcosis-in-patients-infected-with-hiv-in-the-infectious-diseases-unit-of-university-hospital-of-casablanca-morocco
#19
I Dollo, L Marih, M El Fane, M Es-Sebbani, M Sodqi, A Oulad Lahsen, A Chakib, F El Kadioui, A Hamdani, M J El Mabrouki, M Soussi Abdallaoui, Z Karima, S Hassoune, A Maaroufi, K Marhoum El Filali
OBJECTIVE: To report the cases of neuromeningeal cryptococcosis and to describe the clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and outcomes of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 43 patients infected with HIV admitted from January first 2010 to June 30th 2015 in the infectious disease unit of UHC Ibn Rochd, for neuromeningeal cryptococcus. RESULTS: The mean frequency of neuromeningeal cryptococcosis in patients infected with HIV was 1...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499461/evaluation-of-antifungal-activity-of-standardized-extract-of-salvia-rhytidea-benth-lamiaceae-against-various-candida-isolates
#20
S Salari, T Bakhshi, F Sharififar, A Naseri, P Ghasemi Nejad Almani
OBJECTIVES: Salvia species have long been described in traditional medicine for various indications. Owing to the widespread use of this genus by ethnic populations, especially for various infections ranging from skin disease to gastrointestinal disorders, we were encouraged to determine whether Salvia rhytidea could be effective against fungal infections. Given the increased incidence of candidiasis in the past decade, limits on the use of antifungal drugs, emergence of azole-resistant Candida species and increased incidence of treatment failures, it is necessary to identify a novel agent with antifungal properties...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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