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Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942191/unilateral-macular-chorioretinitis-in-subacute-sclerosing-panencephalitis-studied-by-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Anisha Seth, Vishaal Bhambhwani, Basudeb Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942190/uveitis-and-internuclear-ophthalmoplegia-as-ocular-manifestations-of-sarcoidosis
#2
Daniele Cirone, Luca Cimino, Giovanni Spinucci
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous chronic disease of unknown etiology with a wide range of clinical presentations. Diagnosis of sarcoidosis in patients with ocular manifestations can be challenging. We first describe a case of sarcoidosis presented with pulmonary involvement and both uveitis and internuclear ophthalmoplegia as ocular manifestations. A 55-year-old caucasian woman with non-productive cough and weakness presented with bilateral granulomatous anterior uveitis. Few days later, the patient presented again complaining of horizontal diplopia due to internuclear ophthalmoplegia...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942189/herpetic-ocular-manifestations-in-a-patient-with-gata2-deficiency
#3
Ana I Ortueta-Olartecoechea, José L Torres-Peña, Ana I Palacios-Hípola, Enrique Mencia-Gutierrez
Specific genetic deficiencies are a rare cause that should be included in the diagnostic algorithm of disseminated herpetic lesions. The aim of this article is to describe the ocular herpetic manifestations in a rare genetic disorder called GATA2 deficiency. We present the clinical case of a 26-year-old male with dendritic ulcers in his cornea, marrow aplasia and idiopathic chronic lymphedema. He was diagnosed with GATA2 deficiency. GATA2 gene is critical for the genesis and function of hematopoietic stem cells...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942188/fungal-keratitis-caused-by-a-rare-ocular-pathogen-gjaerumia-minor-a-case-report
#4
Yahya H Al-Falki, Mohamed A Alshehri, Martin R P Joseph, Mohamed E Hamid
Fungal keratitis is an important infection of the eye that may cause devastating effects. Keratitis caused by fungi has been described in many parts of the world mainly in tropical countries. The objective of this study is to report a serious eye infection in an adult with a known history of diabetes caused by an uncommon yeast fungus with details of clinical findings and laboratory investigations. Left eye visual acuity was no perception of light due to end stage neovascular glaucoma. The patient was pseudophakic in both eyes...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942187/conjunctival-melanoma-in-a-child-a-clinicopathological-report
#5
Sonam Yangzes, Parul Chawla Gupta, Kim Vaiphei, Vijay Kumar Sharma, Jagat Ram
We report a case of a 16 years old Asian Indian boy who presented with a large brownish lesion measuring 20 × 12 mm on the temporal conjunctive in his right eye. Anterior segment optical coherence topography revealed cystic spaces without scleral involvement. The patient underwent conjunctival excisional biopsy using "no touch" technique with double freeze-thaw cryotherapy to underside of the adjacent conjunctival margins. Excision involved 4 mm of the surrounding apparently normal conjunctiva...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942186/clinical-presentation-of-multiple-cerebral-emboli-and-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-crao-as-signs-of-cardiac-myxoma
#6
Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Anthony J Lehner, Igor Kozac
Cardiac myxomas are benign tumors of endocardial origin that usually occur in the left atrium. Trans-thoracic echocardiography is the diagnostic method of choice, and early surgical removal is the preferred method of treatment. We present a patient whose history of cerebral emboli and central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) led to a diagnosis of cardiac myxoma. Neuroimaging studies showed multiple infarcts in the region of the left middle and anterior cerebral arteries. Ophthalmic examination showed gross retinal pallor compatible with left central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO)...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942185/favorable-outcome-after-choroidal-drainage-for-postoperative-kissing-suprachoroidal-hemorrhage-following-trabeculectomy-in-a-high-myopic-vitrectomised-eye
#7
Nazimul Hussain, Anjli Hussain, Niaz Ahmad Khan
A 39-year-old lady with past history of vitreoretinal surgery for retinal detachment and cataract surgery with Intraocular lens implantation was diagnosed as uncontrolled glaucoma. She had high myopia. She underwent Trabeculectomy and following which she presented with massive suprachoroidal hemorrhage in the first postoperative day with severe loss of vision. This case depicts the risk of suprachoroidal hemorrhage in a high myopic vitrectomised eye following glaucoma filtration surgery. It also demonstrates a favorable outcome following intervention for postoperative Suprachoroidal hemorrhage...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942184/review-of-the-treatment-of-graves-ophthalmopathy-the-role-of-the-new-radiation-techniques
#8
REVIEW
Iñigo San Miguel, Meritxell Arenas, Ruth Carmona, Joaquin Rutllan, Francisco Medina-Rivero, Pedro Lara
Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) is an autoimmune disorder and the most frequent extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease. GO is an inflammatory process leading to an increased volume of the extraocular muscles and orbital connective and adipose tissues associated with multiple histopathological changes. Despite recent progress in the understanding of its pathogenesis, GO often remains a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. It has become increasingly important to classify patients into categories based on disease severity and activity...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942183/low-vision-rehabilitation-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Mark E Wilkinson, Khadija S Shahid
This article provides information concerning issues related to the care of individuals who are visually impaired. Issues reviewed include determining who should be referred for vision rehabilitation services, Charles Bonnet syndrome, visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and visual field testing along with Useful Field of View testing. This article also discusses technology advances that can enhance the visual functioning of individuals who are visually impaired, including how these advances can help drivers with visual impairments to continue to safely operate motor vehicles, at least on a limited basis...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942182/characteristics-management-and-outcome-of-patients-with-uveal-melanoma-treated-by-iodine-125-radioactive-plaque-therapy-in-a-single-tertiary-cancer-center-in-jordan
#10
Imad Jaradat, Ahmed Zewar, Ibrahim AlNawaiseh, Khaleel AlRawashdeh, Samer Khurma, Mustafa Mehyar, Ghadeer Abdeen, Yacoub A Yousef
Objective: To evaluate King Hussein Cancer Center experience in using Iodine-125 COMS radioactive plaque for treatment of Uveal Melanoma in Jordan. Methods: Retrospective case series of eyes with uveal melanoma treated by Iodine-125 COMS radioactive plaque therapy. Data collection required access to medical, radiology, Labs and pathology reports. Main outcomes studied includes: Demographics, tumor features, eye salvage, visual outcome, metastasis, and mortality...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942181/assessment-of-the-macula-and-choroid-in-pediatric-keratoconus-patients
#11
Ihsan Yilmaz, Basak Saracoglu Yilmaz, Nimet Burcu Guleryuz, Irfan Perente, Abdullah Ozkaya, Muhittin Taskapili
Purpose: To present choroidal and macular thickness measurements in pediatric patients with keratoconus and to evaluate a possible correlation between anterior and posterior segment parameters. Methods: 50 eyes of 50 patients and 50 eyes of 50 age-matched controls were included in this cross-sectional comparative study. The participants underwent ophthalmologic examination including; refraction, visual acuity, biomicroscopy, corneal topography and optical coherence tomography...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942180/severe-retinal-degeneration-at-an-early-age-in-usher-syndrome-type-1b-associated-with-homozygous-splice-site-mutations-in-myo7a-gene
#12
Ehab Abdelkader, Lama Enani, Patrik Schatz, Leen Safieh
Purpose: Usher syndrome is the most common cause of deafness associated with visual loss of a genetic origin. The purpose of this paper is to report very severe phenotypic features of type 1B Usher syndrome in a Saudi family affected by positive homozygous splice site mutation in MYO7A gene . Methods: Affected siblings went through detailed history. Complete ophthalmic examination was done. Imaging with colour fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (AF), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans was performed...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942179/prevalence-of-keratoconus-among-patients-seeking-laser-vision-correction-in-taif-area-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Talal A Althomali, Ibraheem M Al-Qurashi, Saleh M Al-Thagafi, Afra Mohammed, Mohammed Almalki
Purpose: To determine the prevalence of keratoconus among patients seeking laser vision correction (LVC). Methods: Retrospective study of 1374 eyes of 687 patients (335 males, 352 females) who underwent keratoconus screening as a part of routine preoperative evaluation prior to LVC at the Tadawi surgical centre, Taif, Saudi Arabia from January 2014 to June 2015. The diagnosis of keratoconus was based on evaluation of Pentacam derived parameters. Results: Manifest keratoconus was found in 59 subjects (out of 687 subjects) representing a prevalence rate of 8...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942178/comparison-of-conjunctival-autograft-and-conjunctival-transposition-flap-techniques-in-primary-pterygium-surgery
#14
Ayse Dolar Bilge
Purpose: To investigate and compare the efficacy of conjunctival autograft and conjunctival transpositional flap for the treatment of primary pterygium surgery. Design: Retrospective, interventional case series analysis. Materials and methods: Medical records of 48 patients who underwent pterygium surgery by conjunctival autograft or conjunctival transpositional graft for primary pterygium surgery were reviewed. The conjunctival defects after pterygium excision were repaired in 21 eyes with conjunctival autograft and in 27 eyes with conjunctival transpositional flaps...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942177/management-of-traumatic-corneal-abrasion-by-a-sample-of-practicing-ophthalmologists-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Ghadah S Al-Saleh, Abdullah M Alfawaz
Purpose: Corneal epithelial defect (CED) is a common medical emergency condition involving loss of surface epithelial layer of the cornea. The aim of the study is to explore the practice patterns of ophthalmologists in management of traumatic CED in Saudi Arabia and to assess the variance in clinical practice from the established clinical practice guidelines. Methods: A Survey based study at King Abdulaziz University Hospital between March 2015 and January 2016...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942176/comparison-between-corneal-cross-linking-topical-antibiotic-and-combined-therapy-in-experimental-bacterial-keratitis-model
#16
Begum Bulam Kilic, Dilek Dursun Altiors, Muge Demirbilek, Ersin Ogus
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of an experimental bacterial keratitis model on the corneal collagen cross-linking treatment (CXL), and also to compare topical antibiotic treatment with the combined treatment. Methods: The study involved 40 young adult female Sprague Dawley rats, which had a 2 mm scraped defect of the central corneal epithelium in both eyes. The rats were divided into two equal groups. The first group was inoculated in both eyes with standard Pseudomonas Aeruginosa (PA) from a strain suspension prepared from 0...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942175/knowledge-and-practice-regarding-contact-lens-among-saudi-urban-contact-lens-users
#17
Omar S Alobaidan, Mohammed K Alkhalifah, Ammar A AlSayegh, Fahad A Alhumaid, Ahmad S Ashammery, Khalid Alghamdi, Ahmed Mousa, Rajiv Khandekar, Waleed AlRashid
Purpose: To assess the level and determinants of knowledge and practice regarding contact lens (CL) and its accessories among adult Saudi CL users. Methods: This survey was conducted in 2015 for Saudi contact lens users visiting a Mall in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The questions were related to knowledge about contact lenses, correct CL and accessories usage. We inquired indication, initial prescription, CL use, complications experienced and their management. The knowledge and practice responses were correlated to their determinants...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755281/optic-nerve-choristoma
#18
William Harrison, Patricia Pittman, Thomas Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755280/-blastomyces-species-and-orbital-apex-syndrome-unsuspected-co-infection
#19
Janice R Safneck, Sherry Krawitz
Blastomyces species are thermally dimorphic fungi existing as yeast in tissue. We report an initially immunocompetent patient with orbital apex syndrome (OAS) whose presentation suggested giant cell arteritis. Subsequently, metastatic carcinoma was entertained as a cause of OAS until bronchoscopy yielded Blastomyces species. The patient rapidly succumbed with multiorgan failure despite Amphotericin B administration. At post-mortem, Blastomyces co-infection with fungal hyphae in keeping with Aspergillus species was found in cavernous sinus and in infarcted optic nerve...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755279/bilateral-orbital-isolated-solitary-neurofibroma-in-the-absence-of-neurofibromatosis-a-case-report
#20
Khalid M Alshomar, Hind M Alkatan, Adel H Alsuhaibani
Isolated neurofibroma is a slowly progressive tumor rarely found in the orbit accounting for less than 1% of the space occupying lesions of the orbit. It usually presents in the 2nd to 5th decades of life with proptosis, swelling, visual changes, ptosis, diplopia or pain. Almost all cases reported are unilateral. We report a 23-year-old female with no systemic features or family history of neurofibromatosis who presented with right upper eyelid swelling. Radiological studies revealed bilateral identical masses in the superior orbits...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
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