journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337067/late-spontaneous-resolution-of-a-double-anterior-chamber-post-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#1
Andrea Passani, Angela Tindara Sframeli, Pasquale Loiudice, Marco Nardi
A 31-year-old healthy male underwent deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty with big-bubble technique for treatment of keratoconus in his right eye. One week after surgery, he presented with detachment of the endothelium-Descemet complex with formation of a double anterior chamber, despite the apparent absence of an intraoperative Descemet membrane rupture. A subsequent intervention with the intent to relocate the corneal graft button was not effective, because the detachment appeared again one day later. The authors hypothesized that, at the time of the stromal dissection with big bubble technique, a small amount of air penetrated into the anterior chamber, creating a false pathway through the trabecular meshwork...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337066/paintball-related-ocular-injuries-first-case-report-in-saudi-patients
#2
Mohammad Al-Amry, Huda Al-Ghadeer
Paintball is a popular recreational sport. This case series describes three Saudi patients exposed to paintball ocular injuries with sever ocular trauma. Two patients developed hyphema and traumatic cataract and one patient had vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal detachment, commotio retinae and retinal tear. All patients require surgical intervention. Final best corrected visual acuity was 20/200, 20/30 and 20/50 respectively. Paintball related ocular injuries can result in severe visual loss and in most of the time requires surgical intervention...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337065/acute-bacterial-endophthalmitis-following-intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Neha Goel
Endophthalmitis following intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant has been rarely reported. This report describes the case of a 70-year-old male who underwent intravitreal DEX implant injection under aseptic conditions, for diabetic macular edema. He developed a clinical picture suggestive of endophthalmitis within 2 weeks of the injection, and vitreous culture grew coagulase negative Staphylococcus. He was treated with intravitreal antibiotics followed by pars plana vitrectomy and removal of the implant...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337064/canalicular-pyocele-a-new-entity-and-literature-review
#4
Osama H Ababneh
Canaliculoceles are rare, and under-recognized lesions of the upper lacrimal drainage system that may present as medial canthal masses or swelling. The current case is that of an 85-year-old female patient presented with a painful right upper lid medial, cystic swelling of 10-day duration involving the punctum and the upper canaliculus. A literature review showed that this is the seventh reported case of a canaliculocele but the first case of acute onset that is associated with inflammatory signs and symptoms and accumulation of purulent material...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337063/a-novel-mutation-and-in-vivo-confocal-microscopic-findings-in-fabry-disease
#5
Cumali Degirmenci, Suzan Guven Yilmaz, Huseyin Onay, Melis Palamar, Sema Kalkan Ucar, Meral Kayikcioglu, Mahmut Coker
Fabry disease is a hereditary, X-linked lysosomal storage disease due to a deficiency of the alpha galactosidase A enzyme. Globotriaosylceramide accumulates in tissues and results in multiorgan dysfunction. The most common ocular finding in Fabry disease is cornea verticillata. Increase in conjunctival vascular tortuosity, and cataract may also be seen. Herein, we demonstrate the in vivo confocal microscopic findings of a genetically proven Fabry disease patient with a novel hemizygous R112L mutation in GLA gene...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337062/successful-treatment-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis-with-tocilizumab
#6
F Alokaily, A Al Saati, A Jawad
A 33-year-old man with history of lymphoma was misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) 18 months previously, developed intermediate uveitis, unresponsive to interferon, and corticosteroids. A diagnosis of Behçet's disease (BD) was made on the basis of recurrent orogenital ulceration, erythema nodosum, and a positive pathergy test. The patient was started on Tocilizumab and experienced an improvement in visual acuity and intraocular inflammation over the following 2 weeks. In patients with BD-related uveitis, Tocilizumab can be an effective alternative to anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha medications...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337061/an-introduction-to-darc-technology
#7
REVIEW
Syed Shoeb Ahmad
Glaucoma is a multi-factorial neurodegenerative disorder. The common denominator in all types of glaucomas is retinal ganglion cell death through apoptosis. However, this cellular demise in glaucoma is detected late by structural or functional analyses. There can be a 10-year delay prior to the appearance of visual field defects and pre-perimetric glaucoma is an issue still being addressed. However, a new cutting-edge technology called detection of apoptosing retinal cells (DARC) is being developed. This technique is capable of non-invasive, real-time visualization of apoptotic changes at the cellular level...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337060/nutraceuticals-in-prevention-of-cataract-an-evidence-based-approach
#8
REVIEW
Amandeep Kaur, Vikas Gupta, Ajay Francis Christopher, Manzoor Ahmad Malik, Parveen Bansal
Cataract is a principal cause of blindness in the world and is characterized by clouding of eye's natural lens. Surgery is the major therapeutic step taken to cure cataract; however, it is having its own limitations and complications such as iris prolapse, raised IOP, infection, cystoid macular edema and posterior capsular opacification (PCO). So world is looking toward more robust and natural ways to prevent cataract. One of the important factors that can play a role in prevention of any and many diseases is diet of the people...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337059/cataract-surgical-rate-in-yemen-2012
#9
Saleh A Al-Akily, Mutahar Y AlShaer, Mahfouth A Bamashmus, Abdulmoghni O AlBarrag, Tawfik K Alkhatib, Hisham A Al-Akhlee
OBJECTIVE: To determine cataract surgical rate (CSR) in 2012 (01 January to 31 December 2012) in 22 Governorates of Yemen in order to identify the needs to reduce cataract related blindness. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was sent to the 184 eye units in governmental, university, military, private and charity clinics and hospitals in Yemen. RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 80.7%, and the collected data are summarized...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337058/comparison-of-microkeratome-assisted-sub-bowman-keratomileusis-with-photorefractive-keratectomy
#10
Talal A Althomali
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and thin-flap Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis/sub-Bowman keratomileusis (SBK) with intended flap thicknesses of 100 μm using the One Use-Plus SBK microkeratome. METHODS: Ninety-eight eyes of 52 subjects with myopic manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) of up to -5 diopters (D), a stable refraction for 1 year and a corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of at least 20/20 in each eye which had undergone SBK or PRK were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337057/accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-pediatric-keratoconus-one-year-study
#11
Amani E Badawi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in pediatric keratoconus. DESIGN: Prospective non-randomized observational study. METHODS: 33 eyes of 25 children with keratoconus were included. The corneal epithelium was mechanically removed. Next, riboflavin/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose solution) was applied for 10 min. Accelerated CXL (10 mW/cm(2) for 9 min), was accomplished. Visual acuity, slit lamp examination, refraction, keratometry readings, pachymetry, anterior and posterior elevations, average progression indices, and Q values were recorded...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337056/normative-values-and-contralateral-comparison-of-anterior-chamber-parameters-measured-by-pentacam-and-its-correlation-with-corneal-biomechanical-factors
#12
Mohammad Reza Sedaghat, Vahid Mohammad Zadeh, Kaveh Fadakar, Sakineh Kadivar, Mojtaba Abrishami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the normative values of anterior chamber parameters measured by Pentacam and corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) measured by Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and their relationship. METHODS: In an observational cross-sectional study, patients aged 18-35 years were included. Exclusion criteria were history of any intraocular or corneal disease, anomaly or surgery; hyperopic spherical refraction more than +3, and myopic spherical refraction less than -5...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337055/diabetic-retinopathy-knowledge-awareness-and-practices-of-physicians-in-primary-care-centers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#13
Raghad Al Rasheed, Fadwa Al Adel
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious cause of irreversible blindness and is the most common complication of diabetes. Annual fundus examination for diabetics aids in the prevention of blindness and allows intervening at a timely manner. As primary care physicians (PCP) are the main providers for diabetic care in Saudi Arabia, we aim to evaluate the current knowledge and awareness, and to assess practices among PCP regarding DR. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study covering 46 randomly selected primary-care centers in Riyadh during October 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337054/the-environmental-needs-of-clinician-scientists-in-ophthalmology
#14
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Javed Ali, Friedrich Paulsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003791/accidental-detection-of-an-intra-nasal-foreign-body-during-probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#15
Mohammad Javed Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003790/bilateral-cataract-surgery-in-a-56-year-old-man-following-presbyopia-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-a-case-report
#16
Ya Qu, Fuliang Li, Jiawen Li
We describe a case of bilateral cataract surgery in a 56-year-old man following presbyopia laser in situ keratomileusis. The preoperative refraction was -2.00 in the right eye and -0.75 × 105 in the left eye. On the last examination, the uncorrected distance visual acuity was 20/80 that can be corrected to 20/20 in the right eye with a refraction of -2.25 and 20/20 in the left eye, whereas the visual acuity for reading was 20/40 in the right eye and 20/80 in the left eye with a refraction of +2.25. His monovision surgery design of previous cornea surgery was also taken into consideration for the phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003789/an-after-after-cataract-a-curious-case-of-visual-axis-re-opacification
#17
Jay Kalliath, Gaurav Prakash, Kavitha Avadhani, Anitha Shakuntala
Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is common after cataract surgery. Recurrence is very rare after a successful Yttrium aluminium-garnet (YAG) capsulotomy in adults. We report a case of visual axis re-opacification after a successful YAG capsulotomy for PCO in an adult. A 60-year male underwent phacoemulsification with +20.0 D acrylic hydrophobic intraocular lens implantation and silicon oil removal (SOR) five months after a successful retinal detachment repair. He underwent a capsulotomy after two months of surgery; however, the visual axis re-opacified after three more months...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003788/multimodal-imaging-of-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-type-ii
#18
Zafer Cebeci, Serife Bayraktar, Merih Oray, Nur Kir
To report the fundus findings on multimodal imaging of a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type II (MPGNII) patient. A 41-year-old woman had a medical history of renal transplantation for MPGNII 5 years prior to presentation to our clinic for ophthalmic examination. Fundus examination showed macular retinal pigment epithelial changes and large peripapillary atrophy in the right eye, and yellowish bilateral drusen-like deposits peripherally. Fundus fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography revealed multifocal hyperfluorescence in the peripheral retina with accompanying deposits...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003787/pseudoduplication-of-the-optic-disc-in-moderate-myopia
#19
Zeynep Eylül Ercan, Aylin Karalezli, Gokcen Coban
We report a case of optic disc pseudoduplication without pathological myopia. A 79-year-old woman presented with gradually decreased vision. Fundus examination showed macular drusen in both eyes and subretinal haemorrhage in the left eye. Both optic discs appeared to be tilted and the left optic disc was seen to be inferiorly duplicated. Pseudodoubling of the optic discs can be caused by optic disc and peripapillary chorioretinal colobomas and pathological myopia. Considering that our patient did not have enough axial length to merit a diagnosis of pathological myopia and no pathological fundus lesions typical of elongated sclera, we suggest that acquired pseudoduplication is not a condition unique to pathological myopia, but can occur in all myopic patients...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003786/accidental-macular-injury-with-class-ivb-laser-outside-the-medical-settings
#20
Ehab Abdelkader
In the medical settings, safety precautions are used to mitigate inadvertent ocular damage due to laser beams. High power lasers are illegal in many countries; however, they are sometimes used on social occasions. Use by an untrained member of the public can result in severe accidental ocular damage. We report a case of macular damage and central visual loss due to the illegal use of a class IVb 2000 mW power laser in a 20-year-old male. To our knowledge, this is the first case of macular injury due to this particular type of laser...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
journal
journal
31742
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"