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Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035250/rare-but-life-threatening-complication-of-hydatid-disease
#1
Fatih Karakaya, Çağdaş Kalkan, Melek Karakaya, Necati Örmeci
Cystic echinococcosis is an infectious disease that is potentially associated with the biliary tract. Of thousand cases of hydatid cysts that were successfully treated by the Örmeci method, only two presented with cholangitis subsequent to the percutaneous treatment. These cases were treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and this study provides details regarding the clear fistulization of hydatid cysts into the biliary tract.
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035249/chronic-hepatitis-b-and-leishmania-coinfection
#2
Tuna Demirdal, Ümmü Sena Sarı, Salih Atakan Nemli, Serap Ural, Sibel El
Visceral leishmaniasis is an endemic disease in many parts of world, and if untreated, it is a potentially life-threatening infectious disease. It is similar to chronic liver disease because of signs and symptoms such as fever, weight loss, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. In this study, we present a case of visceral leishmaniasis, which is known to be a chronic hepatitis B infection, that was coincidentally diagnosed with liver biopsy. Visceral leishmaniasis should be considered as an infectious disease in the differential diagnosis of chronic liver diseases...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035248/furuncular-myiasis-caused-by-dermatobia-hominis-in-a-traveler-returning-from-the-amazon-jungle
#3
Ferit Kuşcu, Kerem Mazhar Özsoy, Aslıhan Ulu, Behice Kurtaran, Süheyla Kömür, Ayşe Seza İnal, Yeşim Taşova, Hasan Salih Zeki Aksu
A 39-year-old man who was returning from the Amazon Jungle and had no medical history presented with a furuncular lesion on his right parietal scalp. Despite receiving appropriate antimicrobial treatment, his lesion did not heal. After surgical intervention, a Dermatobia hominis larva was extracted. The human botfly D. hominis is the most common causative agent of furuncular myiasis among travelers returning from Central and South America. Surgery is the main treatment option, and secondary bacterial infection should be kept in mind...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035247/importance-of-land-snails-in-dicrocoeliosis-epidemiology
#4
Gözde Gürelli
Dicrocoeliosis is a helminthosis caused by the small liver fluke Dicrocoelium spp. (Trematoda, Dicrocoeliidae) parasitizing in the bile ducts and gall bladder of ruminants as well as many other animal species including humans. In the biological life cycle of Dicrocoelium, land snails are first intermediate hosts and ants are second intermediate hosts. Sporocysts and cercaria, which are larval stages, live in the hepatopancreas of land snails and metacercaria, which is also the larval stage, lives in the abdomen and brain of ants...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035246/effect-of-extracts-of-the-endemic-plants-centaurea-lydia-and-phlomis-nissolii-on-toxoplasma-gondii
#5
Zeynep Özlem Doğan Şığva, Ezgi Eylül Hasvatan, Gizem Gülen, Remzi Uslu, Beyza Eryıldız, Cenk Durmuşkahya, Hüsniye Kayalar, Ahmet Özbilgin, Metin Korkmaz, Cumhur Gündüz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the potential antitoxoplasma activities of extracts of the endemic plants Centaurea lydia and Phlomis nissolii in a fibroblast cell culture infected with T. gondii trophozoites. METHODS: WI-38 cell lines treated with plant extracts (55 μg/mL each) and an untreated control were infected with 5×105 T. gondii trophozoites, and the number of parasites in the medium was determined on days 7, 14, and 24. RESULTS: No cytotoxic effects of C...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035245/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-models-for-scanning-drug-substances-in-malaria-prestudy
#6
Ahmet Özbilgin, İbrahim Çavuş, Alicem Nuraydın, Tuğba Kaya
OBJECTIVE: The Wolrd Health Organization (WHO) encourages all countries to investigate antimalarial drug substances derived from herbal sources with the slogan "Hunt of the Next Artemisinin" due to the emergence of resistant strains of Plasmodium species to artemisinin. In the broad and simple sense, it was planned to help guide the young researchers set in-vitro and in-vivo models of malaria in order to be used in drug research and active ingredient studies. METHODS: In-vitro study, young Plasmodium berghei trophozoites were removed from the liquid nitrogen tank and resuspended in appropriate conditions, followed by incubation with chloroquine and tetracycline at concentrations of 0...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035244/cryopreservation-of-leishmania-species-in-manisa-province
#7
İbrahim Çavuş, Fulya Ocak, Tuğba Kaya, Ahmet Özbilgin
OBJECTIVE: It was aimed to assess the success of the cryopreservation process which is carried out in order to preserve the genetic material and the virulence of the Leishmania species that are an important health problem in our region. METHODS: Leishmania tropica, L. infantum, L. major, and L. donovani strains in Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle (NNN) medium in MCBU were used. Promastigotes cultured in the NNN medium were transferred to RPMI 1640 medium; promastigotes in the logarithmic phase were washed three times with PBS, and 15% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) was added...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035243/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-sheep-from-nev%C3%A5-ehir-province-inturkey
#8
Dilek Özmutlu Çakmak, Bilge Karatepe
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in sheep from Nevşehir Province in Turkey. METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 180 sheep aged between 1 and 7 years, which were randomly selected from seven different study sites in Nevşehir Province. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies to T. gondii was performed on all the serum samples. RESULTS: Eighteen (10%) serum samples were found to be seropositive for T...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035242/the-effect-of-skin-sebum-ph-and-moisture-on-demodex-infestation-in-acne-vulgaris-and-rosacea-patients
#9
Nergiz Turan, Yelda Kapıcıoğlu, Gülbahar Saraç
OBJECTIVE: Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease involving the pilosebaceous unit. Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects the face in particular. This study aimed to determine if skin sebum, pH, and moisture affect the number of Demodex spp. in acne vulgaris and rosacea patients. METHODS: This study focused on 30 patients each with acne vulgaris and rosacea. As a control group, 60 healthy individuals were included. RESULTS: In acne vulgaris patients, when compared to those with Demodex mite more than 5 /cm2 in each area, less than 5/cm2 were found to be oily, acidic, dry or very dry...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035241/eustigmaeus-johnstoni-zhang-gerson-acari-stigmaeidae-a-parasitic-mite-species-detected-in-phlebotomus-papatasi-diptera-psychodidae-specimens-collected-from-ayd%C3%A4-n-turkey
#10
Metin Pekağırbaş, Mehmet Karakuş, Suha Kenan Arserim, Salih Doğan, Hasan Eren, Seray Töz, Yusuf Özbel
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report the presence of the parasitic mite Eustigmaeus johnstoni Zhang - Gerson (E. johnstoni) on the sand fly species Phlebotomus papatasi (P. papatasi) collected in Aydın province, Turkey. METHODS: Sand flies were collected from nature by CDC light traps in Nazilli town in Aydın province and were separated according to collection localities. Head and genital areas were cut and mounted for species identification, and midgut contents were checked for the possible presence of Leishmania parasites under a light microscope...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035240/seroprevalence-of-neospora-caninum-in-dairy-cattle-raised-in-%C3%A3-i%C3%A3-ekda%C3%A4-i-district-of-k%C3%A4-r%C3%A5-ehir-province
#11
Kader Yıldız, Sami Gökpınar, Neslihan Sürsal, Rukiye Değirmenci
OBJECTIVE: Neospora caninum is one of the most important causes of abortion in cattle worldwide and causes significant economic losses in the meat and dairy industries. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of N. caninum in dairy cattle raised in Çiçekdağı district of Kırşehir province. METHODS: One hundred sixteen serum samples collected from dairy cattle were analyzed for N. caninum antibodies by a commercial Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) kit (VMRD c-ELISA)...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035239/diagnosis-of-trichomoniasis-in-male-patients-on-performing-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction
#12
T Mutlu Yar, Mehmet Karakuş, Seray Töz, Aysun Bay Karabulut, Yusuf Özbel, Metin Atambay
OBJECTIVE: Trichomoniasis is a parasitic infection that occurs with the settlement of Trichomonas vaginalis in female and male urinary and reproductive tracts. This infection is generally asymptomatic in males, and males are thought to be a carrier for the transmission of infection. In this study, our aim was to detect trichomoniasis using nested polymerase chain reaction among males who were referred to a hospital with suspected urinary tract infection. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 138 male patients between 18 and 50 years of age who were referred with suspected urinary system infection to the Urology Outpatient Clinic at Malatya University Medical Center Malatya between December 2013 and May 2014...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695838/ruptured-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-childhood-a-case-report
#13
Elif Ünver Korğalı, Meriç Kaymak Cihan, Özgür Ceylan, Melih Kaptanoğlu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease; in places such as Turkey where livestock is common, it is an endemic health concern. The most commonly involved organ is the lungs in children. Pulmonary cysts can be asymptomatic; in some cases, they may rupture and become symptomatic. Ruptured lung hydatid cysts may often be confused with tuberculosis (Tbc) radiologically and clinically. . In this report, we present an 8-year-old female patient admitted with cough, fever, and sputum persisting since 2 weeks; her chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings initially indicated Tbc, but the follow-up surgery led to a diagnosis of ruptured lung CE...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695837/a-case-of-cerebral-malaria-managed-by-erythrocyte-exchange
#14
Gürsel Ersan, Işıl Köse, Fatma Liv, Bengü Gireniz Tatar, Şükran Köse
Plasmodium falciparum may cause serious and sometimes even fatal cerebral malaria. Cerebral malaria is a disease characterized by alterations in consciousness and epileptic attacks; therefore, it requires a rapid evaluation and quick intervention. It may progress to a fatal outcome despite administering targeted therapeutic interventions. There are studies indicating that erythrocyte exchange (erythrocytapheresis) can be a treatment modality for managing severe malaria patients. In this case report, the successful management of a cerebral malaria patient by the combination of antimalarial drug therapy and erythrocyte exchange is presented...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695836/a-case-series-of-imported-malaria-caused-by-plasmodium-falciparum-in-kayseri-and-review-of-literature
#15
Necati Mumcu, Hayati Demiraslan, Ahmet Dündar, Salih Kuk, Süleyman Yazar, Mehmet Doğanay
Malaria is a major worldwide public health problem. In the last years, no domestic cases of malaria have been detected and cases of imported malaria exist only in Turkey. In this study, clinical and laboratory findings of five Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malaria patients who were admitted to the emergency department between January 2013 and December 2015 were retrospectively presented. One of the patients was an African student, and the other patients had a history of travelling to Africa. Ring formation was observed when Giemsa staining was performed on the blood smears of all patients, and in three patients, P...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695835/the-concept-of-travel-medicine-and-the-actual-situation-of-travel-related-illnesses
#16
Varol Tunalı, Nevin Turgay
Travel medicine defines all diseases and medical situations that are related to travel. Travel medicine comprises infectious diseases, traumas, altitude sickness, sun burns, embolisms, jet lag, and many more travel-related situations. With the increasing possibility and ease of travel, the number of people who have travelled internationally has exceeded 1.13 billion in 2014, and the revenues of international travel have exceeded 1.25 trillion dollars. With every passing day, international travels are shifting toward the developing countries and to more exotic regions of the world, and travelers tend to be more adventurous and daring, thereby increasing risky behaviors during travels...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695834/sand-flies-and-their-control-methods
#17
Hüseyin Çetin, Yusuf Özbel
The main aim of managing arthropod vectors that carry the disease agents is interrupting the infection cycle. Therefore, the management of the disease implies that all precautions related to all elements (i.e., human, arthropod vector, and reservoir) in the infection cycle need to be taken. There are important points that need to be considered while dealing with sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), which in many regions worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical areas, are vectors of diseases such as leishmaniasis and sand fly fever and are the arthropods of the infection cycle...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695833/investigation-on-the-collection-and-economy-of-medicinal-leeches-from-wetlands-around-lake-e%C3%A4-irdir-turkey
#18
Mustafa Ceylan, Osman Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the collection and economy of medicinal leeches from wetlands around Lake Eğirdir, Turkey. METHODS: Data used in this study were based on findings, observations, and face-to-face interviews obtained from a research performed between January 2013 - February 2016 on medicinal leech populations. RESULTS: The leech collecting is carried out without any permission, by both local peoples and others especially who are from Afyonkarahisar...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695832/the-investigation-of-the-presence-of-mites-in-some-served-dry-foodstuffs
#19
Emel Uzunoğlu Karagöz, Cihangir Akdemir, Şahin Direkel, Nejla Cebeci Güler
OBJECTIVE: Mites are microscopic organisms that lower the quality of life of people who are sensitive to them by causing conditions such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, and asthma. These organisms are found in every habitat where humans live. This study was conducted to determine the presence of storage mites in dry food items. METHODS: Various food items were procured 10 times each in 300-gram samples. Mites were extracted with a Berlese funnel apparatus over Erlenmeyer flasks containing 70% alcohol placed at the end of the funnel stems for over 48 h...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695831/demodex-species-infestation-in-patients-with-ear-itching-and-its-relationship-to-itch-severity
#20
Nagihan Bilal, Özlem Kirişci, Esra Özkaya
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate Demodex species infestation in patients with ear itching. The relationship between the severity of ear itching and Demodex spp. positivity has not been previously reported in the literature, and we believe that our study will make a significant contribution to the understanding of the etiology of ear itching. METHODS: Fifty patients with itching ears and 54 healthy control patients were asked to use a visual analogue scale (VAS) to rate the itch, the itching period, and the medication used for the itching...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
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