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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780689/relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-respiratory-health-status-among-coal-based-sponge-iron-plant-workers-in-barjora-india
#1
Mousumi Biswas, Kaushik Chattopadhyay
Background: Many coal-based sponge iron plant workers have poor health-related quality of life in general, and specifically a poor respiratory health status. However, the relationship between their health-related quality of life and respiratory health status is unknown. Aim: This study investigated the relationship between health-related quality of life, measured using the EuroQol-5D (EQ5D), and respiratory health status, measured using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780688/the-limits-to-equivalent-living-conditions-regional-disparities-in-premature-mortality-in-germany
#2
Thomas Plümper, Denise Laroze, Eric Neumayer
Aim: Despite the country's explicit political goal to establish equivalent living conditions across Germany, significant inequality continues to exist. We argue that premature mortality is an excellent proxy variable for testing the claim of equivalent living conditions since the root causes of premature death are socioeconomic. Subject and methods: We analyse variation in premature mortality across Germany's 402 districts and cities in 2014. Results: Premature mortality spatially clusters among geographically contiguous and proximate districts/cities and is higher in more urban places as well as in districts/cities located further north and in former East Germany...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780687/the-intention-to-use-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-switzerland-testing-an-extended-explanatory-model-drawing-on-the-unified-theory-of-acceptance-and-use-of-technology-utaut
#3
Sibylle Nideröst, Daniel Gredig, Benedikt Hassler, Franziska Uggowitzer, Patrick Weber
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the intention to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) when available and to identify predictors of the intention to use PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in Switzerland. The theoretical model drew on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology and considered additional variables related specifically to PrEP, HIV protection and the resources of MSM. Subject and methods: For data collection, we used an anonymous, standardized self-administered online questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416961/german-claims-data-analysis-to-assess-impact-of-different-intraocular-lenses-on-posterior-capsule-opacification-and-related-healthcare-costs
#4
Nils Kossack, Christian Schindler, Ines Weinhold, Lennart Hickstein, Moritz Lehne, Jochen Walker, Aljoscha S Neubauer, Dennis Häckl
Aim: Cataract extraction is one of the most frequent surgeries in Germany. In most cases, the clouded natural lens is replaced by a hydrophobic or hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implant. The most common long-term complication after cataract surgery is the development of a posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Although no precise real world data are available, published evidence suggests a lower risk for PCO development for hydrophobic acrylic IOLs compared to hydrophilic acrylic IOLs...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416960/changes-in-profile-of-patients-seeking-alcohol-treatment-and-treatment-outcomes-following-policy-changes
#5
Anne-Sophie Schwarz, Bent Nielsen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
Aim: In 2007, the legal obligation to deliver alcohol treatment to the public was transferred to the 98 municipalities of Denmark. This resulted in changes in how alcohol treatment centers in Denmark work. The aim of the present study was to describe the patient profiles and treatment outcomes in the alcohol treatment centers regarding regional variation and changes over time. Subjects and methods: This is a descriptive, register-based study of patients enrolled in alcohol treatment centers from 2006-2014 in Denmark...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416959/socioeconomic-status-health-inequalities-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Santiago Lago, David Cantarero, Berta Rivera, Marta Pascual, Carla Blázquez-Fernández, Bruno Casal, Francisco Reyes
Aim: A comprehensive approach to health highlights its close relationship with the social and economic conditions, physical environment and individual lifestyles. However, this relationship is not exempt from methodological problems that may bias the establishment of direct effects between the variables studied. Thus, further research is necessary to investigate the role of socioeconomic variables, their composition and distribution according to health status, particularly on non-communicable diseases...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177128/playground-usage-and-physical-activity-levels-of-children-based-on-playground-spatial-features
#7
Anne K Reimers, Guido Knapp
Aim: Being outdoors is one of the strongest correlates of physical activity in children. Playgrounds are spaces especially designed to enable and foster physical activity in children. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the spatial features of public playgrounds and the usage and physical activity levels of children playing in them. Subjects and methods: A quantitative, observational study was conducted of ten playgrounds in one district of a middle-sized town in Germany...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177127/different-healthy-habits-between-northern-and-southern-spanish-school-children
#8
Daniel Arriscado, Emily Knox, Mikel Zabala, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Jose Maria Dalmau, Jose Joaquin Muros
Aim: Healthy habits are influenced by several factors such as geographical location. The aims of this study were to describe and compare healthy habits within two populations of sixth-grade primary school children (aged 11-12 years) from northern and southern Spain. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study using two representative samples of school children was conducted. Participants came from Logroño ( n  = 329) in the north and Granada ( n  = 284) in the south of Spain...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177126/migrant-female-head-porters-enrolment-in-and-utilisation-and-renewal-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-kumasi-ghana
#9
Simon Boateng, Prince Amoako, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Anthony Baabereyir, Razak Mohammed Gyasi
Purpose: As a social protection policy, Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) aims to improve access to healthcare, especially for the vulnerable. Migrant female head porters ( kayayoo ), who are part of the informal economic workforce, are underscored as an ethnic minority and vulnerable group in Ghana. This study aimed to analyse the factors associated with enrolment in and renewal and utilisation of the NHIS among migrant female head porters in the Kumasi Metropolis. Method: We purposively sampled 392 migrant female head porters in the Kejetia, Asafo and Bantama markets...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177125/promoting-access-to-dental-care-in-south-london-adult-patients-perspectives
#10
Sylviana Haji Moris, Orla Carty, Kristina L Wanyonyi, Jennifer E Gallagher
Objective: To evaluate patients' views on health service initiatives established to improve uptake of NHS primary dental care amongst adult patients in a socially deprived area, comparing practices with extended and regular contract capacity. Study design: Service evaluation and cross-sectional survey. Method: Questionnaire survey of patients attending a random sample of dental practices in three inner-metropolitan boroughs of south London following initiatives to improve access to dental care (across dental practices delivering regular and extended contracts for services) exploring attendance patterns and the influence and awareness of local initiatives to promote access...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959519/classmate-characteristics-class-composition-and-children-s-perceived-classroom-climate
#11
Louise Persson, Mikael Svensson
AIM: A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between classmate characteristics as well as class composition and children's perceived classroom climate...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781936/the-cost-effectiveness-of-population-health-checks-have-the-nhs-health-checks-been-unfairly-maligned
#12
Sebastian Hinde, Laura Bojke, Gerry Richardson, Lise Retat, Laura Webber
AIM: The English NHS currently has a policy of providing Health Checks to all 40-74 year olds. Administered in primary care, they aim to identify patients at risk of a range of diseases, including diabetes and heart disease, and facilitate care. This study is the first to use observed data on the effectiveness of the Checks to consider whether they represent a cost-effective use of limited NHS resources. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Using a publicly available evaluation tool we conducted an analysis of the Checks to establish the long-term cost and health-related outcomes of a cohort of patients...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781935/procedures-in-child-deaths-in-the-netherlands-a-comparison-with-child-death-review
#13
Sandra Gijzen, Jessica Petter, Monique P L'Hoir, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Ariana Need
AIM: Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in the (health) care for children in The Netherlands cover these four objectives of CDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Organizations in the Eastern part of The Netherlands and Dutch umbrella organizations involved in child (health) care were asked to provide their protocols, guidelines or other working agreements that describe their activities and responsibilities in case of a child's death...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357196/health-literacy-of-patients-admitted-for-elective-surgery
#14
E S Koster, A Schmidt, D Philbert, E M W van de Garde, M L Bouvy
AIM: Patients with limited health literacy have poorer surgical outcomes. However, current studies assessing the prevalence of limited health literacy in patients expecting surgery are small scale. We aimed to provide insight into the health literacy level of patients undergoing planned surgery. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 years visiting the preoperative screening department were approached in the waiting area and invited to participate in a brief interview including the Functional Communicative Critical Health Literacy (FCCHL)...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357195/causes-of-variability-in-prevalence-rates-of-communicable-diseases-among-secondary-school-students-in-kisumu-county-kenya
#15
David Otieno Odongo, W J Wakhungu, Omuterema Stanley
PURPOSE: To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. METHODS: A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.'s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was performed on the completed questions...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357194/alcohol-health-warnings-can-influence-the-speed-of-consumption
#16
Lorenzo D Stafford, Joe Salmon
AIM: Recent research has shown that adopting strong (i.e. high fear) visual health-warning messages can increase the perceived health risks and intentions to reduce alcohol consumption. Separately, it is known that the speed at which alcohol is consumed has dramatic effects on the level of intoxication. In the present study we aimed to combine these two separate areas to understand whether the speed of alcohol consumption is influenced by the type of alcohol health warning contained on the beverage...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133599/physical-activity-of-german-children-during-different-segments-of-the-school-day
#17
Susanne Kobel, Sarah Kettner, Christine Lämmle, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: This study objectively investigated the amount and intensity of German primary school children's physical activity (PA) during different segments of the school day and explored the contribution of physical education (PE) and break times to daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). SUBJECT AND METHODS: PA of 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years, 48 % male) was objectively measured for 6 days using Actiheart®. Based on children's timetables, break times and PE periods were determined and PA was calculated individually and subsequently classified in light (1...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133598/health-care-as-a-universal-right
#18
Rui Nunes, Sofia B Nunes, Guilhermina Rego
PURPOSE: Most developed societies recognise the existence of a basic right of access to health care of appropriate quality, considering it a positive welfare right. It can even be one of the most important achievements of pluralistic and secular societies. The main objective of this study is to suggest the foundations for a universal right to health care, meaning the right of access to health care of appropriate quality. A second objective is to propose the necessary tools so that access to health care is viable in a specific commonwealth in accordance with available resources...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110481/greater-bed-and-wake-time-variability-is-associated-with-less-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Mitch J Duncan, Christopher E Kline, Amanda L Rebar, Corneel Vandelanotte, Camille E Short
AIM: This study examines associations between the variability in bed/rise times, usual bed/rise time and dietary quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption, sitting time, sleep insufficiency and a composite index of behaviors. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A random sample of Australian adults drawn from an online Panel cohort in 2013 completed a cross-sectional online survey. A total of 1,317 participants, median age 57 (IQR=20) completed the survey. Bed- and wake times, variability in bed- and wake-times, dietary quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption, sitting time, sleep insufficiency and socio-demographics were assessed using a questionnaire...
February 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936385/are-residents-of-high-walkable-areas-satisfied-with-their-neighbourhood
#20
Gerlinde Grasser, Sylvia Titze, Willibald J Stronegger
AIM: While the association between walkability and walking for transport has been well established, less is known about the association between walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction. This study aims to examine the direction and strength of the association between objective measures of residential walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction, as well as the differences by sex. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, outcome data were derived from the representative cross-sectional survey (n = 843) 'Bicycle-friendly City' of adults in the city of Graz (Austria)...
2016: Journal of Public Health
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