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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959519/classmate-characteristics-class-composition-and-children-s-perceived-classroom-climate
#1
Louise Persson, Mikael Svensson
AIM: A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between classmate characteristics as well as class composition and children's perceived classroom climate...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781936/the-cost-effectiveness-of-population-health-checks-have-the-nhs-health-checks-been-unfairly-maligned
#2
Sebastian Hinde, Laura Bojke, Gerry Richardson, Lise Retat, Laura Webber
AIM: The English NHS currently has a policy of providing Health Checks to all 40-74 year olds. Administered in primary care, they aim to identify patients at risk of a range of diseases, including diabetes and heart disease, and facilitate care. This study is the first to use observed data on the effectiveness of the Checks to consider whether they represent a cost-effective use of limited NHS resources. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Using a publicly available evaluation tool we conducted an analysis of the Checks to establish the long-term cost and health-related outcomes of a cohort of patients...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781935/procedures-in-child-deaths-in-the-netherlands-a-comparison-with-child-death-review
#3
Sandra Gijzen, Jessica Petter, Monique P L'Hoir, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Ariana Need
AIM: Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in the (health) care for children in The Netherlands cover these four objectives of CDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Organizations in the Eastern part of The Netherlands and Dutch umbrella organizations involved in child (health) care were asked to provide their protocols, guidelines or other working agreements that describe their activities and responsibilities in case of a child's death...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357196/health-literacy-of-patients-admitted-for-elective-surgery
#4
E S Koster, A Schmidt, D Philbert, E M W van de Garde, M L Bouvy
AIM: Patients with limited health literacy have poorer surgical outcomes. However, current studies assessing the prevalence of limited health literacy in patients expecting surgery are small scale. We aimed to provide insight into the health literacy level of patients undergoing planned surgery. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 years visiting the preoperative screening department were approached in the waiting area and invited to participate in a brief interview including the Functional Communicative Critical Health Literacy (FCCHL)...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357195/causes-of-variability-in-prevalence-rates-of-communicable-diseases-among-secondary-school-students-in-kisumu-county-kenya
#5
David Otieno Odongo, W J Wakhungu, Omuterema Stanley
PURPOSE: To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. METHODS: A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.'s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was performed on the completed questions...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357194/alcohol-health-warnings-can-influence-the-speed-of-consumption
#6
Lorenzo D Stafford, Joe Salmon
AIM: Recent research has shown that adopting strong (i.e. high fear) visual health-warning messages can increase the perceived health risks and intentions to reduce alcohol consumption. Separately, it is known that the speed at which alcohol is consumed has dramatic effects on the level of intoxication. In the present study we aimed to combine these two separate areas to understand whether the speed of alcohol consumption is influenced by the type of alcohol health warning contained on the beverage...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133599/physical-activity-of-german-children-during-different-segments-of-the-school-day
#7
Susanne Kobel, Sarah Kettner, Christine Lämmle, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: This study objectively investigated the amount and intensity of German primary school children's physical activity (PA) during different segments of the school day and explored the contribution of physical education (PE) and break times to daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). SUBJECT AND METHODS: PA of 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years, 48 % male) was objectively measured for 6 days using Actiheart®. Based on children's timetables, break times and PE periods were determined and PA was calculated individually and subsequently classified in light (1...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133598/health-care-as-a-universal-right
#8
Rui Nunes, Sofia B Nunes, Guilhermina Rego
PURPOSE: Most developed societies recognise the existence of a basic right of access to health care of appropriate quality, considering it a positive welfare right. It can even be one of the most important achievements of pluralistic and secular societies. The main objective of this study is to suggest the foundations for a universal right to health care, meaning the right of access to health care of appropriate quality. A second objective is to propose the necessary tools so that access to health care is viable in a specific commonwealth in accordance with available resources...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110481/greater-bed-and-wake-time-variability-is-associated-with-less-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mitch J Duncan, Christopher E Kline, Amanda L Rebar, Corneel Vandelanotte, Camille E Short
AIM: This study examines associations between the variability in bed/rise times, usual bed/rise time and dietary quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption, sitting time, sleep insufficiency and a composite index of behaviors. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A random sample of Australian adults drawn from an online Panel cohort in 2013 completed a cross-sectional online survey. A total of 1,317 participants, median age 57 (IQR=20) completed the survey. Bed- and wake times, variability in bed- and wake-times, dietary quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption, sitting time, sleep insufficiency and socio-demographics were assessed using a questionnaire...
February 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936385/are-residents-of-high-walkable-areas-satisfied-with-their-neighbourhood
#10
Gerlinde Grasser, Sylvia Titze, Willibald J Stronegger
AIM: While the association between walkability and walking for transport has been well established, less is known about the association between walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction. This study aims to examine the direction and strength of the association between objective measures of residential walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction, as well as the differences by sex. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, outcome data were derived from the representative cross-sectional survey (n = 843) 'Bicycle-friendly City' of adults in the city of Graz (Austria)...
2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891303/constructing-public-health-policies-in-post-crisis-countries-lessons-to-learn-from-the-associations-between-free-sugars-consumption-and-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries-before-during-and-after-sanctions-in-iraq
#11
E Joury, R Al-Kaabi, Anwar R Tappuni
BACKGROUND: This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. METHODS: Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi Academic Scientific journals and relevant international organisations' websites. Comparable data before (1980-1990), during (1991-2002) and after (2003-2015) the United Nations sanctions (UNS) were included...
2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695669/environmental-determinants-of-aplastic-anemia-in-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#12
Mehwesh Taj, Tayyaba Shah, Syeda Kanwal Aslam, Sidra Zaheer, Faryal Nawab, Sumaira Shaheen, Kashif Shafique, Tahir Sultan Shamsi
AIM: Aplastic anemia (AA) affects the Asian population two to three fold more than people in other regions. Besides the host genetics and socioeconomic status, several other environmental exposures have been linked with an AA etiology. We aimed to examine the association of various environmental exposures with AA occurrence among Pakistani individuals. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan, where cases (diagnosed AA patients) were selected from the National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation (NIBD), while for each case, a single control (who was free of AA and visited the outpatient department of the same hospital for the treatment of minor ailments) was selected matched by age and sex...
2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695668/the-association-between-maternal-nutrition-and-lifestyle-during-pregnancy-and-2-year-old-offspring-adiposity-analysis-from-the-rolo-study
#13
Mary K Horan, Jean M Donnelly, Ciara A McGowan, Eileen R Gibney, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
AIM: To examine the association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle factors and offspring adiposity, using baseline and 2-year postpartum follow-up data from a randomised control trial of low glycaemic index diet. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Food diaries and lifestyle questionnaires were completed during pregnancy and infant feeding and maternal lifestyle questionnaires 2 years postpartum for 281 mother and infant pairs from the ROLO study. Maternal anthropometry was measured throughout pregnancy and infant and maternal anthropometry was measured 2 years postpartum...
2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340615/intervention-effects-of-a-school-based-health-promotion-program-on-children-s-motor-skills
#14
Christine Lämmle, Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Tamara Wirt, Jürgen M Steinacker
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) has positive effects on children's development. Particularly in childhood, PA plays an important role for children's motor skills. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of the intervention program "Join the Healthy Boat" on motor abilities of primary school children. METHODS: The baseline measurements of this longitudinal intervention study with an intervention (IG) and control group (CG) were taken at the beginning of the school year 2010/2011 (T1) and follow up measurements in 2011/2012 (T2)...
2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413460/patterns-and-determinants-of-hypertension-in-botswana
#15
Mpho Keetile, Kannan Navaneetham, Gobopamang Letamo
AIM: This study examines the patterns and determinants of hypertension in Botswana. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2007, a cross-sectional survey of chronic non-communicable diseases and risk factors was conducted by the Ministry of Health and World Health Organisation using the STEPS approach. STEP 1 was the collection of demographic data, STEP 2 was the physical measurement of the height, weight, waist and hips, and blood pressure; STEP 3 was biochemical measurements, which included the collection of blood samples...
2015: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26191488/the-demographic-impact-on-the-demand-for-emergency-medical-services-in-the-urban-and-rural-regions-of-bavaria-2012-2032
#16
Alexander Veser, Florian Sieber, Stefan Groß, Stephan Prückner
AIM: In most regions of the world, the proportion of older people in the population has increased during the last decades. As this entails major consequences for the healthcare sector, this study isolates and quantifies the impact of an aging population on the demand for emergency medical services in different types of regions in Bavaria between 2012 and 2032. METHODS: Dispatch data of the emergency medical services were combined with population data and forecasts...
2015: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26000233/sleep-duration-differences-between-children-of-migrant-and-native-origins
#17
L J W Wim Labree, H Dike van de Mheen, F F H Frans Rutten, G Gerda Rodenburg, G T Gerrit Koopmans, M Marleen Foets
AIM: To explore whether primary school children of migrant and native Dutch origins differ regarding their sleep duration per night, a risk for overweight and obesity, and to determine to what degree differences in parenting styles contribute to these differences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, including 1,943 children aged 8-9 years old and their primary caregivers, was performed. Data were collected from primary schools in cities and adjacent municipalities in The Netherlands: Eindhoven and Rotterdam...
2015: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26000232/socio-economic-patterning-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-rural-and-peri-urban-india-andhra-pradesh-children-and-parents-study-apcaps
#18
Vipin Gupta, Christopher Millett, Gagandeep Kaur Walia, Sanjay Kinra, Aastha Aggarwal, Poornima Prabhakaran, Santhi Bhogadi, Aniket Kumar, Ruby Gupta, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, George Davey Smith, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, K V Radha Krishna, Shah Ebrahim
AIM: To assess the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors by socio-economic position (SEP) in rural and peri-urban Indian population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 3,948 adults (1,154 households) from Telangana (2010-2012) was conducted to collect questionnaire-based data, physical measurements and fasting blood samples. We compared the prevalence of risk factors and their clustering by SEP adjusting for age using the Mantel Hansel test. RESULTS: Men and women with no education had higher prevalence of increased waist circumference (men: 8 vs...
2015: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25798371/challenges-in-finding-and-measuring-behavioural-determinants-of-childhood-obesity-in-europe
#19
Denise Alexander, Michael J Rigby, Pasquale Di Mattia, Anja Zscheppang
AIM: Childhood obesity is an important concern for child health. However, despite widespread concern about the increase in childhood obesity, its causes are not monitored systematically in Europe. In 2007, the Scientific Platform Project on Lifestyle Determinants of Obesity identified routine data sources nationally available in European countries to measure childhood obesity. This work was revisited in 2014 to monitor any progress made. SUBJECT AND METHODS: In 2007, a literature review and project discussion resulted in a list of desirable indicators that could be collected in Europe to describe child populations at risk of overweight and obesity...
2015: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25232516/dropping-out-of-school-and-chronic-disease-in-the-united-states
#20
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Brandy R Maynard
AIM: Despite links between education and health, it is unclear to what extent dropping out of school is associated with major chronic health conditions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from the 2006-2010 United States National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) was employed and examined associations between dropping out of school and major chronic health conditions among individuals 18 years or older (N=189,896). RESULTS: Analyses show that dropout status is associated with increased odds of reporting a major chronic health condition; however, the effect is stronger for Whites and African-Americans than Hispanics...
June 2014: Journal of Public Health
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