journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medicina

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274987/anterior-capsulorhexis-opening-reduction-after-cataract-surgery-with-subluxated-lenses
#1
Juris Vanags, Renārs Erts, Guna Laganovska
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate anterior capsulorhexis opening (ACO) reductions after surgery for a subluxated lens. Significant reduction of an ACO supports direct zonular involvement (capsular factors excluded by use of capsular tension rings [CTRs] and modern intraocular lens [IOLs]), and these findings question the long-term efficacy of subluxated lens surgery by means of cataract surgery. A small ACO due to lens mobility, non-enlargement of the ACO, and no lens epithelial cell washing due to an additional risk of further zonular damage were left as additional features to evaluate the possible outcomes of this simplified but still complicated surgery...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273287/rat-spinal-ganglia-in-assessment-of-protective-action-of-antioxidants-a-morphological-study
#2
Liudmyla M Sokurenko, Mariya O Savchyna, Viktor I Litus, Rostyslav F Kaminsky, Yurii B Сhaikovsky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mercury pollution is one of the most pressing environmental problems. Therefore, the impact of mercury on human body, the nervous system in particular, remains topical. The aim of the study was to identify the morphological characteristics of neurons and neuroglia in spinal ganglia of rats receiving antioxidants in the presence of small doses of mercury (II) chloride. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 white Wistar rats were divided into 5 series (10 groups), with 10 animals in each group...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254855/relations-between-longitudinal-trajectories-of-subjective-financial-wellbeing-with-self-rated-health-among-elderly
#3
Giovanni Piumatti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between income and health in late life is well established, but the link between subjective financial wellbeing (SFW) and self-rated health (SRH) has been relatively ignored, especially among elderly in Europe. Adopting a longitudinal person-oriented analytical approach this study investigates the relationship between SFW and SRH in late life in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of the European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions survey (EU-SILC) for the period 2010-2013 in Italy examined these relationships at ages 65-78 (N=1268)...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254854/workplace-health-promotion-in-health-care-settings-in-finland-latvia-and-lithuania
#4
Laima Bulotaitė, Dovilė Šorytė, Sigita Vičaitė, Rasa Šidagytė, Svetlana Lakiša, Ivars Vanadziņš, Lāsma Kozlova, Maija Eglīte, Leila Hopsu, Anne Salmi, Jaana Lerssi-Uskelin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Health care workers (HCWs) have a great background to promote their health - not only their professional knowledge on health but often also special equipment in their work environment. However, it is unclear if HCWs can use such infrastructure to promote their own health as well as what is their motivation to change their own lifestyles. Thus, the aim of the article was to describe workplace health promotion (WHP) situation in health care settings in Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239779/gender-differences-in-residual-effect-of-prior-drop-jumps-on-oxygen-uptake-during-heavy-cycling-exercise
#5
Neringa Baranauskienė, Sandra Kilikevičienė, Loreta Stasiulė, Genuvaitė Civinskienė, Arvydas Stasiulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed eccentric or eccentric-concentric exercise leaves us stiff and sore the next day and can cause muscle damage. The data about the residual effect of prior eccentric-concentric exercises on oxygen uptake (VO2 ) during constant cycling exercise in women or the data about differences of such effect between genders are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences of the residual effect of PDJ on VO2 during HCE and indirect muscle damage parameters between women and men...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074341/the-clinical-significance-of-endocardial-endothelial-dysfunction
#6
REVIEW
Sonja Smiljic
Endocardial endothelium (EE) is essential in the embryonic development of the heart, the optimal contractility and rhythm as well as the remodeling of the heart. Endocardial endothelium affect the contractility of cardiomyocytes through paracrine signaling substances such as nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET-1), prostaglandins (PGI2, PGF2, PGE2) and angiotensin II (ANG II). Typical lesions of endocardial endothelium have been described in atrial fibrillation, ischemia/reperfusion injury, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, sepsis, myocardial infarction, inflammation and thrombosis...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074340/evaluation-of-clinical-teaching-quality-in-competency-based-residency-training-in-lithuania
#7
Eglė Vaižgėlienė, Žilvinas Padaiga, Daiva Rastenytė, Algimantas Tamelis, Kęstutis Petrikonis, Cornelia Fluit
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2013, all residency programs at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences were renewed into the competency-based medical education curriculum (CBME). In 2015, we implemented the validated EFFECT questionnaire together with the EFFECT-System for quality assessment of clinical teaching in residency training. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of characteristics of the resident (year of training) and clinical teacher (gender, age, and type of academic position) on teaching quality, as well as to assess areas for teaching quality improvement...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838850/safety-and-efficacy-of-stereotactic-aspiration-with-fibrinolysis-for-deep-seated-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhages-a-single-center-experience
#8
Giedrimantas Bernotas, Karolis Simaitis, Adomas Bunevičius, Arimantas Tamašauskas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and safety of stereotactic aspiration with fibrinolysis of deep-seated intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 1995 until December 2016, 58 adult patients (34 men and 24 women; mean age of 56.8±11.8 years) presenting with deep-seated spontaneous supratentorial ICH were treated using a minimally invasive technique. Intracerebral hematomas were aspirated until obvious resistance to free-hand suction and subsequent clot fibrinolysis was done using either streptokinase or recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator...
December 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774494/scaffold-design-for-artificial-tissue-with-bone-marrow-stem-cells
#9
Aurelija Noreikaitė, Ieva Antanavičiūtė, Valeryia Mikalayeva, Adas Darinskas, Tomas Tamulevičius, Erika Adomavičiūtė, Linas Šimatonis, Dalia Akramienė, Edgaras Stankevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test polymeric materials (collagen, fibrin, polyimide film, and polylactic acid) for single- and multi-layer scaffold formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, we used rabbit bone marrow stem cells (rBMSCs) and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with materials of a different origin for the formation of an artificial scaffold, such as a collagen scaffold, fibrin scaffold produced from clotted rabbit plasma, electrospun poly(lactic acid) (PLA) mats, polyimide film (PI), and the combination of the latter two...
July 13, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712669/use-of-interferon-gamma-release-assay-and-tuberculin-skin-test-in-diagnosing-tuberculosis-in-lithuanian-adults-a-comparative-analysis
#10
Laura Tamašauskienė, Edita Hansted, Astra Vitkauskienė, Skaidrius Miliauskas, Albinas Naudžiūnas, Brigita Šitkauskienė
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lithuania belongs to the group of countries with a high-incidence of tuberculosis (TB). Some scientific studies show that the interferon-gamma release assay is more accurate and correlates more highly with TB exposure as compared to the tuberculin skin test (TST). This study aimed at comparing the efficacy between the T SPOT TB and TST for diagnosing TB among Lithuanian adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals with diagnosed TB, healthcare workers with known risk for TB and individuals without any known risk for TB underwent clinical examinations, interviews about their history of TB exposure and chest radiography...
July 3, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720209/the-influence-of-oxazaphosphorine-agents-on-kidney-function-in-rats
#11
Łukasz Dobrek, Beata Skowron, Agnieszka Baranowska, Klaudia Płoszaj, Dorota Bądziul, Piotr Thor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The application of cytostatic oxazaphosphorines such as cyclophosphamide (CP) and ifosfamide (IF) is associated with the risk of kidney damage that, depending on the type of drug, dose and route of administration, adopts a different clinical entity and severity. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of CP and IF on the kidney histology and function in rats intraperitoneally treated with four doses of either CP or IF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 rats were divided into three groups (10 in each group): group 1 (control), sham treated with saline solution, group 2 (treated with 75mg/kg b...
July 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673730/syphilitic-coronary-artery-ostial-stenosis-resulting-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Rūta Žvirblytė, Eglė Ereminienė, Aistė Montvilaitė, Antanas Jankauskas, Vytenis Ivanauskas
Cardiovascular abnormalities are well-known manifestations of a late form of syphilis - tertiary syphilis. Since the era of antibiotics, the incidence of late manifestations of syphilis has declined almost to a rare entity. The injury of aorta (the aortitis with a dilatation of aortic root and its associated complications) is the most common between all the cardiovascular lesions. A less common manifestation of syphilitic aortitis is coronary artery ostial narrowing related to aortic wall thickening. We present the case of a 37-year-old male who was treated for an acute myocardial infarction due to bilateral coronary artery ostial stenosis secondary to syphilitic aortitis...
June 20, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669594/potential-to-induce-dentinal-cracks-during-retreatment-procedures-of-teeth-treated-with-russian-red-an-ex-vivo-study
#13
Eglė Nedzinskienė, Vytautė Pečiulienė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Rasmutė Manelienė, Saulius Drukteinis, Audronė Jakaitienė
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the impact of treatment procedures on roots previously treated with resorcinol-formaldehyde resin and analyze the effectiveness of dye and magnification for the detection of dentin cracks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distal roots of 80 permanent first mandibular molars with a single canal were sectioned at 3mm and 9mm from the anatomical apex. Two groups were formed according to the method used for root canal penetration: group 1 (K-file and Pro Taper instruments) and group 2 (Ultrasound with Pro Ultra and Pro Taper files)...
June 7, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733110/a-role-of-alpha-tocopherol-and-phylloquinone-in-the-modulation-of-uterine-contractility-and-reproductive-function-in-mouse-models
#14
Enitome E Bafor, Victory O Ebidame, Uloma B Elvis-Offiah, Osemelomen Omoruyi, Gerald I Eze, Osamwonyi Igbinuwen, Kadiri P Braimoh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Alpha-tocopherol has been implicated in reproduction processes, and deficiency of phylloquinone has been associated with serious complications in pregnancy. This study was therefore aimed at investigating the effects of phylloquinone and alpha-tocopherol on uterine contractility and female reproductive function using mouse models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both in vivo and ex vivo animal models were employed and designed to assess changes on uterine contractility and reproductive functions in the non-pregnant uterus...
May 30, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596069/validation-of-the-effect-questionnaire-for-competence-based-clinical-teaching-in-residency-training-in-lithuania
#15
Eglė Vaižgėlienė, Žilvinas Padaiga, Daiva Rastenytė, Algimantas Tamelis, Kęstutis Petrikonis, Rima Kregždytė, Cornelia Fluit
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2013, all residency programs at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences were renewed into a competency-based medical education curriculum. To assess the quality of clinical teaching in residency training, we chose the EFFECT (evaluation and feedback for effective clinical teaching) questionnaire designed and validated at the Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to validate the EFFECT questionnaire for quality assessment of clinical teaching in residency training...
May 26, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528770/ethnic-variation-in-self-rated-health-mortality-association-results-from-a-17-year-follow-up-study-in-estonia
#16
Rainer Reile, Mall Leinsalu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous research has highlighted the role of self-rated health (SRH) as an important predictor of mortality. With substantial ethnic differences in SRH and mortality reported in Estonia, this study aims to examine the ethnic variation in SRH-mortality association in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline data come from the nationally representative 1996 Estonian Health Interview Survey. Individual records of 3983 respondents in the 25-79 age group were linked with mortality data with 17 years follow-up time...
May 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457717/infantile-hemangioma-predicting-proliferation-by-infrared-thermography
#17
Arūnas Strumila, Vytis Kazlauskas, Gintas Pošiūnas, Gilvydas Verkauskas, Virgilijus Beiša
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are benign lesions found in infants. Predicting the cosmetic outcome of these lesions is very difficult. Therefore, in this prospective study, we assessed whether using an infrared thermometer (IRT) to measure the surface temperature of IHs would help to predict their proliferative potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and March 2014, we prospectively investigated 103 children up to 6 months of age with a diagnosis of IH...
April 20, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462873/maternal-obesity-and-obstetric-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#18
Gitana Ramonienė, Laima Maleckienė, Rūta Jolanta Nadišauskienė, Eglė Bartusevičienė, Dalia Regina Railaitė, Regina Mačiulevičienė, Almantas Maleckas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obese women are at an increased risk of various adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on maternal and neonatal outcomes in a tertiary referral center and to compare obstetric outcomes by the level of maternal obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study included 3247 women with singleton gestations who gave birth at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, in 2010...
April 19, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454890/plasticity-of-vagal-afferent-signaling-in-the-gut
#19
REVIEW
Gintautas Grabauskas, Chung Owyang
Vagal sensory neurons mediate the vago-vagal reflex which, in turn, regulates a wide array of gastrointestinal functions including esophageal motility, gastric accommodation and pancreatic enzyme secretion. These neurons also transmit sensory information from the gut to the central nervous system, which then mediates the sensations of nausea, fullness and satiety. Recent research indicates that vagal afferent neurons process non-uniform properties and a significant degree of plasticity. These properties are important to ensure that vagally regulated gastrointestinal functions respond rapidly and appropriately to various intrinsic and extrinsic factors...
April 10, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416170/hepcidin-serum-levels-and-resistance-to-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-therapy-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Kristina Petrulienė, Edita Žiginskienė, Vytautas Kuzminskis, Irena Nedzelskienė, Inga Arūnė Bumblytė
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that are associated with the response to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and its association with hospitalization and mortality rates; to evaluate the serum hepcidin level and its associations with iron profile, inflammatory markers, ESA responsiveness, and mortality; and to determine independent factors affecting ERI and hepcidin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate a dose-response effect of ESAs we used the erythropoietin resistance index (ERI)...
March 31, 2017: Medicina
journal
journal
31716
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"