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Psychiatria Danubina

Alejandro Arnaldo Barroso Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Matteo Aloi, Flora Sinopoli, Cristina Segura-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Sundar Gnanavel
Network meta-analysis is a methodology for comparing different treatments or modalities including both direct comparisons and indirect comparisons based on a common comparator. While this provides a wealth of opportunities in psychiatric research, both designing a network meta-analysis and interpreting the same requires meticulous care. This brief reports lists key features of a network meta-analysis and highlights the importance of careful interpretation with a few examples from recent psychiatric research...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Jana Ruda-Kucerova, Petra Amchova, Alena Machalova, Jana Pistovcakova, Alexandra Sulcova
BACKGROUND: Modafinil is a psychostimulant drug prescribed mainly for treatment of narcolepsy but is used as a "smart drug" by wide populations to increase wakefulness, concentration and overall mental performance. The aim of this study was to assess potential developmental toxicity of modafinil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant female mice were given either saline or modafinil (50 mg/kg orally) from gestational day (GD) 3 to GD 10 and then a challenge dose on the GD 17...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Davor Bodor, Neven Ricijaš, Zoran Zoričić, Dora Dodig Hundrić, Igor Filipčić
BACKGROUND: Various types of addictions often co-occur, particularly substance and behavioral ones, which affects the clinical course of mental health disorders as well as the efficacy of therapy and rehabilitation efforts. The present study aims to explore gambling activities and possible gambling addiction among alcoholics in an outpatient treatment in the city of Zagreb. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Gambling activities were assessed in 140 members of alcohol addiction clubs in the City of Zagreb (Croatia)...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Secil Ozen, Ercan Dalbudak, Merve Topcu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship of symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to childhood trauma and personality characteristics among patients with the diagnosis of mixed anxiety-depression disorder. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 130 patients who were admitted to the psychiatry outpatient and were diagnosed with mixed anxiety-depression disorder were conveniently sampled in the current study. In order for the researchers to complete the assessment, the patients with a history of at least one traumatic experience (40...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Marcin Olajossy, Bartosz Olajossy, Emilia Potembska, Nikodem Skoczeń, Sebastian Wnuk, Ewa Urbańska
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, depression is a serious clinical problem, as the prevalence of its various forms increases and there are growing numbers of patients with severe forms of depression and treatment-refractory depression. Depressed patients have been observed to have decreased levels of kynurenic acid (KYNA), which is the only endogenous antagonist of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The aim of this study was to identify subgroups of patients differing in the dynamics of changes in KYNA concentration during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Adam Wysokiński, Ewa Szczepocka
BACKGROUND: There are no studies comparing red blood cell parameters between patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and unipolar depression. The aim of this study was to compare differences in erythrocyte parameters (red blood cell count (RBC), hematocrit (HCT), hemoglobin (HGB), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red blood cell distribution width (RDW)) in patients with schizophrenia (SHZ), unipolar depression (UD) and bipolar disorder (BIP): bipolar depression (BD) and mania (BM)...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Bojan Zalar, Blanka Kores Plesničar, Ina Zalar, Matej Mertik
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a complex action of suicidal methods and peripheral factors with seemingly threatening components representing actual cause for the suicidal actions. It is especially those, apparently unimportant factors that represent a crucial milestone in the network of all the other, personal, cultural, genetic and biochemical factors, forming the method of action consequently deciding between life and death. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Based on the Register of Suicides in the Republic of Slovenia kept by the University Psychiatric Clinic Ljubljana, we used a combination of attributes varying within a variable and between variables...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Hatice Altun, Nilfer Şahin, Ergül Belge Kurutaş, Olcay Güngör
BACKGROUND: In our study, we aimed to evaluate the serum homocysteine levels, pyridoxine, folate and vitamin B12 levels in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 30 newly diagnosed drug-naive children with ADHD (23 males and 7 female, mean age 9.3±1.8 years) and 30 sex-and age matched healthy controls. The diagnosis of ADHD was made according to DSM-V criteria. Children and adolescents were administered the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children, Present and Lifetime Version, the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised, Long Form, the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Revised (WISC-R) for all participants...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Chiara Rapinesi, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Antonio Del Casale, Mariangela Ferrone, Alessandro Vento, Gemma Callovini, Martina Curto, Stefano Ferracuti, Gabriele Sani, Maurizio Pompili, Giuseppe Familiari, Paolo Girardi, Gloria Angeletti
BACKGROUND: To investigate depressive symptoms, temperament, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder traits in medical students, comparing those who sought psychological counseling with those who did not seek it. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We assessed 49 students seeking counseling (mean age=24.4 years, SD=4.07) and 49 noncounseling controls (mean age=21.7 years, SD=2.6). Participants were assessed for depressive symptoms with the Beck Depression Inventory-II, for temperament/character dimensions using the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, and for attention deficit/hyperactivity symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Marina Perković Kovačević, Ivan Požgain, Pavo Filaković, Ivana Grujčić
BACKGROUND: Behavioural investigation has become increasingly more focused on emotional intelligence as researchers strive to understand its influence on various social interactions. Recent research indicates that EI plays an integral role in adopting active and effective coping strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and coping strategies in patients with schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The research included 102 stable patients with ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Michal Hajdúk, Dana Krajčovičová, Miroslava Zimányiová, Viera Kořínková, Anton Heretik, Ján Pečeňák
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of social-cognitive abilities is one of the hallmark features of schizophrenia and is associated with neurocognition and social functioning. The Green and Nuechterlein model proposed that social cognition mediates the relationship between neurocognition and functional outcome. We tested this hypothesis in schizophrenia patients in the everyday clinical setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Social cognition, executive function and social functioning were assessed in a group of 43 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder using a range of measures...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Marija Bosnjak Pasic, Branka Vidrih, Helena Sarac, Hanna Pasic, Luka Vujević, Anamarija Soldo Koruga, Fabijan Rajič
When designing clinical trial or considering decision to take part in particular clinical trial as investigators, even before submission to responsible Central Ethic Committee, we always make certain private assessment about ethical justification of this clinical trial. When making assessment if any clinical trial is ethically justifiable, there should make no difference in which country this clinical trial will be executed. Physicians coming from developing countries must ensure that patient population of developing countries is not misused in any ethically questionable clinical trial...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
James Paul Pandarakalam
Guidelines for the management of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) do not meet the criteria of evidence-based medicine and better-quality research is required to inform clinical practice. Current treatments of resistant depression remains largely empirical. There are no bench-mark antidepressants. Clear and justifiable rationale should be followed while initiating new treatment strategies; systematic planning and careful monitoring of progress implemented while new treatment components are added. Biological psychiatrists should give due importance to the non-biological aspects of depression and psychotherapists should not overlook the biological correlates...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
Traumata, by definition, refer to exterior events that expose a person to experiences of overwhelming threat and catastrophe and elicit feelings of death anxiety, panic, horror, helplessness, loss of personal control, and intractability. Most affected persons respond with at least some distressing symptoms of trauma-related memory intrusions, autonomic hyperarousal, dissociation, and depression in the acute aftermath. Fortunately, the majority of traumatized individuals succeed in coping with this major stress quite well during the following weeks and months unless the process of recovery is hampered by additional adverse psychosocial circumstances, psychological disposition or biological vulnerability...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Miro Jakovljevic, Fran Borovecki
Personalized or precision medicine is a relatively new promising concept which is gaining momentum in all branches of medicine including psychiatry and neurology. Psychiatry and neurology are medical specialties dealing with diagnosis, prevention and treatment of brain disorders which are the main causes of years lived with disability worldwide as well as shortened life. Despite a huge progress in clinical psychopharmacology and neuropharmacology, the treatment outcome for many psychiatric disorders and neurologic diseases has remained unsatisfactory...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Dimitar Bonevski, Andromahi Naumovska
Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders. Anxiety disorders and neurotic fear cause significant disruption of the psychosocial functioning of the individual. In generalized anxiety disorder, neurotic fear appears in the form of fears, expectations, tension, with nothing specifically uncomprehendingly crying anticipation, worry, poor concentration, psychic and physical fatigue, irritability, restlessness, insomnia, sense of near accident etc. Traumatic events in the life of the individual are often referred to as potential relevant factors in the occurrence of psychological disorders...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
József Szabó, Mária Sipos
The deficit of mentalisation skills is a well-known phenomenon in schizophrenia. In our study, patients with schizophrenia underwent an 8-session training. The procedure was based on bibliotherapy, and we associated each basic emotion identified by Ekman with a short story that gave a striking description of that emotion. After we read the stories together, the participants were given a collection of face portrait photos and they were asked to pick the one that illustrated the emotional state of the characters...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Romana Babić, Dragan Babić, Marko Martinac, Marko Pavlović, Ivan Vasilj, Miro Miljko, Marina Vasilj
In the five thousand years of recorded history there is written evidence of various types of addiction. In recent decades scientists focus their attention on addictions without the immediate introduction of psychoactive substances into the organism or the so-called "addictions without drugs". Studies have revealed a number of similarities between drug addictions and addictions without drugs that also carry biological, psychological and social consequences in the form of addictive activity carvings, adrenaline alarm, dopamine and serotonin secretion, tolerance and abstinence syndrome same as classical forms of addiction...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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