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Psychiatria Danubina

Christopher Alan Lewis, Sarah Davis, Tamás Martos, Sára Imola Csuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Yaroslav V Malygin, Boris D Tsygankov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Mevludin Hasanović, Izet Pajević, Abdurahman Kuldija, Amra Delić, Dčenita Hrvić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Erkan Kuru, İlker Özdemir, Mehmet Hakan Türkçapar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Hyung Keun Park, SeulA Kim, Joon Sung Shin, Daewook Kim, Yong Min Ahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Helena Šarac, Željka Petelin-Gadče, Goran Pavliša, Sanja Perić, Marija Bošnjak-Pašić, Hanna Pašić, Neven Henigsberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Bojan Zalar, Aleš Maver, Ana Kovanda, Ana Peterlin, Borut Peterlin
BACKGROUND: Dementias are clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. Often, dementias with genetic etiology are clinically indistinguishable from non-genetic ones. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the yield of clinical exome sequencing in dementias, potentially associated with monogenic genetic predisposition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this purpose 20 consecutive patients younger than 65 years were studied in the period from January 2014 to December 2017; 14 with the diagnosis of Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), 3 with early-onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD) and 3 with unspecified dementia...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Cristiana Montemagni, Tiziana Frieri, Vincenzo Villari, Paola Rocca
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify homogenous subgroups, based upon achievement of two functional milestones (marriage and employment) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score in a sample of 848 acute patients admitted to the Psychiatric Emergency Service (PES) of the Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, during a 24-months period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A two-step cluster-analysis, using GAF total score and the achievements in the two milestones as input data was performed...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Isabell Lehmann, Dan Chisholm, Hristo Hinkov, Cyril Höschl, Gábor Kapócs, Tamás Kurimay, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Vladimir Nakov, János M Réthelyi, Petr Winkler, Jürgen Zielasek, Wolfgang Gaebel
BACKGROUND: Quality indicators are quality assurance instruments for the evaluation of mental healthcare systems. Quality indicators can be used to measure the effectiveness of mental healthcare structure and process reforms. This project aims to develop quality indicators for mental healthcare systems in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Serbia to provide monitoring instruments for the transformation of mental healthcare systems in these countries. METHODS: Quality indicators for mental healthcare systems were developed in a systematic, multidisciplinary approach...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Jiao Yang, Siyuan Tang, Wen Zhou
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are a special group of nursing staff, they experience greater work stress and lower mental health levels than regular nurses. In order to address this problem, the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on work stress and mental health of psychiatric nurses is investigated in this study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From August 2017 to November 2017, 100 psychiatric nurses, including 68 females and 32 males, were selected as participants from three hospitals in Hunan Province of China...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari, Dorian A Lamis, Peter Dome
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in bipolar disorder (BD). Data suggest that BD patients with or without psychotic symptoms may differ from each other with regards to some clinical features of BD (e.g., age at onset, suicidality, psychiatric comorbidity, number of hospitalizations). However, the literature in this area is relatively scarce and not always conclusive. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to investigate whether the presence of psychotic symptoms is associated with clinical characteristics of patients with BD...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ivana Kekin, Dina Bosnjak, Porin Makaric, Zarko Bajic, Linda Rossini Gajsak, Branko Malojcic, Marina Boban, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
BACKGROUND: Changes in cerebral hemodynamics have been reported in schizophrenia and proposed as underlying the cognitive deficits seen in patients. The objective of our study was to compare changes of the cerebral blood flow velocity (BFV) during neurocognitive tasks between the patients with the first episode of psychosis and healthy controls. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited 46 patients with the first episode of psychosis (FEP), admitted to the University Hospital Centre Zagreb during 2016-2017 and 41 control subjects...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ivana Todorić Laidlaw, Ninoslav Mimica, Berislav Momčilović, Jasna Jurasović, Sandra Caratan, Igor Filipčić, Sandra Vuk Pisk, Žarko Bajić, Stipe Drmić
BACKGROUND: Significant inconsistencies exist in findings on association of bio-elements (BE) concentrations and schizophrenia. Hypothesis of this research was that different concentrations of BE are associated with different psychopathological schizophrenia symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed from 2014 to 2016 at Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan" and University Psychiatric Hospital "Vrapče", Zagreb, Croatia, on the consecutive sample of 67 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Alexey A Kurylev, Vadim M Brodyansky, Boris V Andreev, Alexander O Kibitov, Oleg V Limankin, Sergey N Mosolov
BACKGROUND: To assess the correlation between the antipsychotics (AP) mean daily doses, hospital stay duration and CYP2D6, DRD2 polymorphisms in naturalistic study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: CYP2D6 polymorphisms *3, *4, *5, *6, *1XN and DRD2/ANKK1 Taq1A polymorphisms were genotyped in a cohort of 226 Caucasian schizophrenic inpatients. AP daily doses, hospital stay duration and AP treatment duration were taken from medical records. To compare mean daily doses of AP among CYP2D6 PMs, EMs, UMs and DRD2/ANKK1 Taq1A carriers the actual AP doses were converted to chlorpromazine (CPZ) equivalents and DDD (defined daily dose)...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Nebojša Milovanović, Aleksandar Damjanović, Laslo Puškaš, Srđan Milovanović, Dragana Duišin, Miloš Mališ, Gordana Stanković, Anka Ranković, Milan Latas, Branka F Filipović, Branislav R Filipović
INTRODUCTION: In schizophrenia patients the lateral ventricle enlargement has mostly been reported in relationship with smaller cortical and/or subcortical brain volumes; and it has been observed that ventricular system growth may be a consequence of the smaller caudate nucleus volume. Bicaudate parameters have been used in the Alzheimer dementia and Huntington's chorea diagnosing in order to evaluate brain changes and the enlargement of the lateral ventricles. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study has been carried out on 140 patients out of which 70 patients (30 men and 40 women) who met the ICD 10 criteria for schizophrenia and 70 healthy controls (30 men and 40 women) matched on sex and age with the studied group...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Udo Bonnet, Emily-Lisa Richter, Katrin Isbruch, Norbert Scherbaum
The gabapentinoids gabapentin and pregabalin have been related to addiction citing pharmacovigilance data, some case presentations and increasing reports mainly from methadone maintenance treatment programs or emergency medicine. Most of these reports were based on patients with another current or previous substance use disorder (SUD). According to the ICD-10 dependence criteria, physical dependence (withdrawal symptoms, tolerance) was reported most frequently alongside regular use of gabapentinoids. Far less patients showed key symptoms of behavioral dependence (craving, loss of control, or addictive behavior)...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Bojan Zalar, Alexander Haslberger, Borut Peterlin
The microbiota-gut-brain axis is a bidirectional homeostatic route of communication between both of the organs direct via receptors of the CNS or via epigenetic mechanisms of divers metabolites e.g. SCFA, GABA, β-hydroxybutyrate. Thus, a modulation of gut microbiota via nutrition, lifestyle etc. might be effective for emotional status and depressive disorders. The dietary composition has an influence on gut microbiota composition, microbial metabolite profile and the according consequences on emotional status and depression within a system biologic approach...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most common disorders in the world, but is generally refractory to antidepressant treatment. However, physical exercise has been demonstrated to improve MDD symptoms, though the mechanism through which this is achieved is not clear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify whether physical exercise increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in patients with MDD to either establish or rule out this effect as a possible mechanism...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Darija Jurišić, Irena Sesar, Ivan Ćavar, Antonio Sesar, Maja Živković, Marko Ćurković
BACKGROUND: Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) refers to visual hallucinations that occur in individuals with preserved cognitive functions associated with visual impairment. METHODS: This article reviews occurence of visual hallucinations in subjects with CBS by journals published in English in the Pubmed database in the period 1992-2018. Criteria for selection of appropriate papers were sufficient information and perspicuous view on pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation and treatment possibilities of CBS...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Darko Marčinko, Sanda Radanović Ćorić, Maja Šeparović Lisak, Duško Rudan, Vjeko Jeleč, Vedran Bilić
Optimal psychopharmacotherapy is based upon the results of many different factors. One of the main factors is therapeutic alliance. The role of psychodynamic is very important in the context of good therapeutic alliance. Lack of mentalizing capacity implies disturbed view of psychopharmacotherapy. Therapeutic relationship and optimal alliance offers the frame for acceptance of psychiatric drugs as positive and useful for psychological growth. Our literature search of a recent papers relating psychopharmacology and psychodynamic have revealed progress in psychoanalytic theory related to medication...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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