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Psychiatria Danubina

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855438/how-to-prevent-depression-current-directions-and-future-challenges-in-children-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#1
Anna Felnhofer, Oswald D Kothgassner, Claudia Klier
With its high rates of chronicity and concomitant economic costs to society, depression ranges among the most prevalent mental disorders. Several trials have succeeded in demonstrating the beneficial effects of early depression prevention programs for otherwise healthy children and adolescents. However, comparable programs for children and adolescents with a medical condition are still scarce. This paper discusses the situation of chronically ill children and adolescents who are at risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms using the example of three conditions frequently encountered in pediatric psychosomatic medicine: diabetes, epilepsy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855437/the-relevance-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-and-how-to-treat-them-with-psychopharmaceuticals
#2
Hans-Jürgen Möller
Negative symptoms are highly prevalent in the acute episode and long-term course of schizophrenia. They are often persistent and tend to chronicity. They have an important negative impact on different dimensions of outcome and therefore require careful diagnosis and treatment. However, the evidence for the available psychopharmacological treatments is still not satisfactory and further research is needed. Antipsychotics, especially some second-generation antipsychotics, are the primary treatment of choice, particularly for negative symptoms in the acute episode...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855436/psychosocial-and-economic-status-of-the-parents-with-children-with-and-without-tooth-trauma
#3
Željko Verzak, Nataša Ivančić Jokić, Vesna Erika Modrić, Danko Bakarčić, Zoran Karlović, Zlatko Ulovec, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this research is to try and understand influence of psychological and social factors in children with tendencies to repeat tooth trauma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Research included 147 patients, children of preschool and school age (88 boys and 59 girls). In the research patients were divided in two age groups: 5-8 and 9-12 years. In both groups there were 49 patients with no experience of dental trauma and 69 patients with experience of one dental trauma and 29 patients with repeated dental trauma...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855435/pharmacist-competences-and-impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-medication-adherence-an-observational-study
#4
Jelena Boskovic, Arijana Mestrovic, Marcel Leppée, Martina Bago, Zvonimir Sostar, Dario Naletilic
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the results of pharmacist interventions on patient's adherence to drugs in community settings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was designed using a standard EQ-SDQ questionnaire and a Culig questionnaire about the adherence to drug. General Level Framework (GLF) was used as a tool for competence assessment among community pharmacists. Participants were pharmacists that issued the medication on repeat prescription in the pharmacy...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855434/trends-in-the-outpatient-utilization-of-antipsychotic-drugs-in-the-city-of-zagreb-in-the-ten-year-period-as-a-tool-to-assess-drug-prescribing-rationality
#5
Marina Polić-Vižintin, Ingrid Tripković, Danijela Štimac, Zvonimir Šostar, Mirjana Orban
BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine distribution and trends in the outpatient utilization of antipsychotics to evaluate the rationality of antipsychotic drug prescribing during the ten year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The epidemiological method of descriptive and analytical observation was used. Data on drug utilization from Zagreb Municipal Pharmacy were used to calculate the number of defined daily doses (DDD) and DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day (DDD/TID) using the World Health Organization Anatomical-Therapeutic-Chemical methodology...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855433/type-a-personality-stress-anxiety-and-health-locus-of-control-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Davor Miličić, Lovorka Brajković, Jana Ljubas Maček, Adriana Andrić, Žarko Ardalić, Tina Buratović, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to define the level of patient exposure to stress in the previous 5 years before acute myocardial infarction (AMI), personality type A assessment, ways of coping with stressful situations, health locus of control and the grade of anxiety (as state and personality trait). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 118 patients who were consecutively hospitalized during 8 months in our Coronary care unit due to AMI, took part in the study. As controls we examined 103 healthy male volunteers (mean age 60...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855432/health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-the-process-of-active-and-passive-ageing
#7
Lidija Dajak, Miroslav Mastilica, Stjepan Orešković, Gorka Vuletić
BACKGROUND: To analyse the differences in the self-estimate of life quality depending on the ageing type - passive, active. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Life-quality linked to health was measured with an SF-36 survey, which gives multi-dimensional criteria of health and life-quality. SF-36 survey represents a theoretically based and empirically proven operationalization of two overal health concepts, which are body and mental health, and its two general manifestations, functioning, and welfare...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855431/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-6-9-weeks-after-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-public-mental-health-perspective
#8
Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Dražen Begić, Iris Sarajlić, Irena Rojnić Palavra, Mirjana Orban
BACKGROUND: There are numerous benefits of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) on mother and child wellbeing. The objective was to find out whether depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and personality traits at the time of delivery are associated with EBF six to nine weeks after delivery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The targeted population were women who delivered in Croatian largest University maternity hospital. The scores of The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), The Big Five Inventory (BFI) and The Impact of Events Scale (revised) - IES-R three to five days after childbirth were measured to predict self-reported EBF status six to nine weeks after the delivery...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855430/prospective-fathers-psychosocial-adaptation-and-involvement-in-the-last-trimester-of-pregnancy
#9
Karin Kuljanić, Tamara Martinac Dorčić, Ivana Ljubičić Bistrović, Alemka Brnčić-Fischer
BACKGROUND: Paternal involvement in pregnancy has been recognized to have an impact on new-born's outcomes and only recently got under the spot light of mental health perspective. The aim of this study was to test differences in paternal involvement in pregnancy, perceived stress and relationship quality regarding complications in pregnancy and pregnancy duration (gestational weeks) in the last trimester of pregnancy. The role of personality traits (neuroticism and extroversion), relationship quality satisfaction and perceived stress in prospective father's perception of pregnancy involvement were examined...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855429/the-relation-of-religious-attitudes-and-behaviours-with-depression-in-boarding-quran-course-students
#10
Onur Ozturk, Alper M Celik, Eylem Isik Uyar
BACKGROUND: Boarding Quran courses are religious institutions where course attendees spend large part of the year. Depression is an ever-increasing health problem. So, it is worth to study on the effects of religion concept and religious belief and behaviours' that religion concept brings, on depression. The main purpose of this study, is to analyse the effect of religious attitudes and behaviours on depression in Quran course / hafiz students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study is a cross sectional, case-control survey research...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855428/middle-aged-female-depression-in-perimenopausal-period-and-square-dance-intervention
#11
Lei Gao, Linlin Zhang, Hua Qi, Louyis Petridis
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common psychiatric illnesses among perimenopausal women. Currently, drug treatments for the disorder tend to have higher risks than other forms of treatment. On the contrary, aerobic exercise can effectively relieve menopausal syndrome among perimenopausal women. Square dance, a kind of aerobic exercise favored by middle-aged women in China, could be a beneficial intervention for perimenopausal depression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 321 women in perimenopause were chosen from Nangang Community, DaoLi Community, and Daowai Community in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, from September 2015 through April 2016...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855427/anger-in-adulthood-in-participants-who-lost-their-father-during-the-war-in-croatia-when-they-were-in-their-formative-age
#12
Ivana Lončar, Mladen Lončar
BACKGROUND: Loss of parents in early childhood can have serious long-term psychological consequences. Abandoned by a close figure of attachment, many persons have developed the emotion of anger, even though the separation was caused by death. The traumatic experience of the loss of a parent is particularly hard in war, because most often it does not occur as an individual trauma. Our aim is to research anger as a personality trait in persons whose father had died in war at a time when they were children, and to compare it with an appropriate civilian control group of subjects...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855426/idiopathic-scoliosis-from-psychopathological-and-mind-body-medicine-perspectives
#13
Goran Talić, Ljerka Ostojić, Snježana Novaković Bursać, Tatjana Nožica-Radulović, Đurđica Stevanović-Papić
Idiopathic scoliosis, defined as a three-dimensional spine and trunk deformity, which appears in otherwise healthy subjects, exhibits complex relations with various forms of personal well-being and psychopathology. Most research studies have documented a higher proportion of psychological disturbances (e.g., self-criticism, negative body image, low self-esteem) and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders, personality disorders) among idiopathc scoliosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855425/prostitution-as-a-psychiatric-situation-ethical-aspects
#14
Danijela Tiosavljević, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Karel Turza, Aleksandar Jovanović, Vida Jeremić
This paper presents the morally controversial phenomenon of prostitution. As the basis for contemplating the prostitution issue the most important is revealing and understanding its primitive ethical root. For understanding its "soul", its essence, also important is comprehending sexual, "elementary thoughts" of mankind, through the relationship between prostitution and religious, social, political and spiritual life, and its nature as a reflection of the sexual-ethical concepts in different epochs and nations...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#15
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855423/manic-defences-in-contemporary-society-the-psychocultural-approach
#16
Dusko Rudan, Miro Jakovljevic, Darko Marcinko
The article discusses the impact of contemporary culture on the individual's personality. We used the "psychocultural" approach whose key feature is the amalgamation of theories and methods belonging to psychodynamic and psychosocial studies, as well as those used in the field of media and cultural studies. The idea of a potentially therapeutic effect of culture (therapy culture) can already been seen in Freud's and Lacan's texts, and it is often used in critical analyses of contemporary corporate culture, which is more or less developed in some parts of the world...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855422/global-and-public-mental-health-promotion-for-empathic-civilisation-the-role-of-political-psychocultures
#17
Miro Jakovljevic, Zoran Tomic
This article draws attention to the relationship between neuroethics, neuropolitics, political psycho-cultures and public and global mental health. In the hegemonic culture of neoliberalism the purpose of life has been reduced to the self-realization in economic and consumerism terms that promotes the hypercompetitive narcissistic or manic self, indifferent to the fate and suffering of others and accommodated to commodification of morals, mental health and well-being. The real public and global mental health promotion is strongly associated with creating a more empathic, less selfish individual and collective mind where people put a greater emphasis on common interests and bioethical values...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855421/prevention-is-a-key-element-of-public-mental-health
#18
Josip Culig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855420/breaking-down-the-silo-mentality-in-global-mental-health-the-new-role-for-the-schools-of-public-health
#19
Stjepan Orešković
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855419/global-mental-health-a-re-emerging-movement-the-vision-and-the-implementation
#20
Norman Sartorius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
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