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Free Radical Research

Donatella Pietraforte, Eleonora Paulicelli, Clarice Patrono, Lucrezia Gambardella, Giuseppe Scorza, Antonella Testa, Paola Fattibene
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important mediators of the cytotoxicity induced by the direct reaction of ionising radiation (IR) with all critical cellular components, such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The derived oxidative damage may propagate in exposed tissues in a dose- and spatiotemporal dependent manner to other cell compartments, affecting intracellular signalling, and cell fate. To understand how cell damage is induced, we studied the oxidative events occurring immediately after cell irradiation by analysing the fate of IR-derived ROS, the intracellular oxidative damage, and the modification of redox environment accumulating in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) within 1 h after cell irradiation (dose range 0-10 Gy)...
March 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
Shubhankar Suman, Santosh Kumar, Albert J Jr Fornace, Kamal Datta
Carbon irradiation due to its higher biological effectiveness relative to photon radiation is a concern for toxicity to proliferative normal gastrointestinal (GI) tissue after radiotherapy and long-duration space missions such as mission to Mars. Although radiation-induced oxidative stress is linked to chronic diseases such as cancer, effects of carbon irradiation on normal GI tissue have not been fully understood. This study assessed and compared chronic oxidative stress in mouse intestine and colon after different doses of carbon and γ radiation, which are qualitatively different...
March 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
Babu Nageswararao Kanuri, Sanjay C Rebello, Priya Pathak, Hobby Agarwal, Jitendra S Kanshana, Deepika Awasthi, Anand P Gupta, Jiaur R Gayen, Kumaravelu Jagavelu, Madhu Dikshit
Oxidative stress due to enhanced production or reduced scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been associated with diet (dyslipidemia) induced obesity and insulin resistance (IR). The present study was undertaken to assess the role of p47phox in IR using wild type (WT) and p47phox-/- mice, fed with different diets (HFD, LFD or Chow). Augmented body weight, glucose intolerance and reduced insulin sensitivity were observed in p47phox-/- mice fed with 45% HFD and 10% LFD. Further, body fat and circulating lipids was increased significantly with 5 weeks LFD feeding in p47phox-/- mice, while parameters of energy homeostasis were reduced as compared to WT mice...
March 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
Kexin Wang, Yang Xu, Qiong Sun, Jiangang Long, Jiankang Liu, Jian Ding
The multipurpose organelle mitochondria play an essential role(s) in controlling cardiac muscle contraction. Mitochondria, not only function as the powerhouses and the energy source of myocytes, but also modulate intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, the production of intermediary metabolites/reactive oxygen species (ROS), and other cellular processes. Those molecular events can substantially influence myocardial contraction. Mitochondrial dysfunction is usually associated with cardiac remodeling, and is the causal factor of heart contraction defects in many cases...
March 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
Linxi Wang, Zhiqing Liu, Zhou Chen, Caihua Huang, Xiaohong Liu, Can Chen, Xiaoyin Liu, Jingze Huang, Libin Liu, Donghai Lin
Although previous studies have reported the protective effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in diabetes nephropathy, the molecular mechanism such as nephroprotection remains elusive. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanism of exendin-4 as an GLP-1 receptor agonist for the treatment of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced injury in mouse glomerulus mesangial cells (SV40 MES 13 cells) via an NMR-based metabonomic analysis. We found that exendin-4 protected mesangial cells from t-BHP-mediated toxicity, decreased the percentage of t-BHP-treated cells undergoing apoptosis, and restored glucose consumption in the t-BHP-treated group...
March 12, 2018: Free Radical Research
Sampurna Datta, Subhamoy Chakraborty, Chiranjit Panja, Sanjay Ghosh
The biological outcome of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in regulating pro survival and pro death autophagic pathways still demand further investigation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of nitrosative stress in K562 cells using NO donor compound DETA-NONOate, peroxynitrite and SIN-1. Exposure to NO, peroxynitrite and SIN-1 caused decrease in K562 cell survival. NO induced autophagy but not apoptosis or necrosis in K562 cells. In contrast, peroxynitrite and SIN-1 treatment induced apoptosis in K562 cells...
March 6, 2018: Free Radical Research
Lan Chen, Wen Li, Di Qi, Daoxin Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a heterogenous syndrome characterized by diffuse alveolar damage, with an increase in lung endothelial and epithelial permeability. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), the most biologically active fraction of wolfberry, possesses antiapoptotic and antioxidative effects in distinct situations. In the present study, the protective effects and potential molecular mechanisms of LBP against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ARDS were investigated in the mice and in the human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs)...
March 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
Feng-Chih Shen, Shao-Wen Weng, Cheng-Feng Tsao, Hung-Yu Lin, Chia-Shiang Chang, Ching-Yi Lin, Wei-Shiung Lian, Jiin-Haur Chuang, Tsu-Kung Lin, Chia-Wei Liou, Pei-Wen Wang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a crucial role in pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. In the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study and its 10-year post-trial monitoring, a beneficial effect of early optimization of blood glucose control is clearly demonstrated. In this study, we investigated whether ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and the time point of intervention can affect IR in a diet-induced obesity mouse model. Male C57B/L6 mice were fed chow diet (CD), high-fat high-sucrose diet (HFD), CD+NAC1-6  (NAC intervention 1st-6th month), HFD+NAC1-6 , and HFD+NAC3-6  (NAC intervention 3rd-6th month) for a 6-month treatment course...
March 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
Xin-Min Xu, Xiao-Yang Zhou, Xiang-Yu Li, Jie Guo, Hui-Zhu Wang, Yue Li, Cheng-Cheng Yang, Teng-Hui Liu, Jian-Ping Cai
To evaluate the urinary levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGsn) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxo-Gsn) in liver injury patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and to explore the relationship between urinary 8-oxo-dGsn or 8-oxo-Gsn and degree of liver damage. We enrolled 138 liver injury patients with HBV infection and 169 age- and sex-matched healthy controls in this study. A sensitive and accurate isotope-diluted liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer/mass spectrometer (LC-MS/MS) method was used to measure the urinary levels of 8-oxo-Gsn and 8-oxo-dGsn...
February 27, 2018: Free Radical Research
Feng Li, Chen-Yang Qiao, Shuai Gao, Yu-Chen Fan, Long-Yan Chen, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The initiation and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a multistage process involving a variety of changes at the gene level. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) methylation plays a crucial role in HCC development. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oxidative stress, DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) expression and IGFBP7 methylation, and to evaluate the prognostic value of serum IGFBP7 methylation status in patients with HCC after hepatectomy...
February 20, 2018: Free Radical Research
Xiaoqi Jing, Jiaqi Zhang, Zhenlin Huang, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare and life-threatening liver disease. (+)-catechin is a natural dietary flavonol with high antioxidant capacity. This study aims to investigate the involvement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant signaling pathway in the protection of (+)-catechin hydrate (CAT) against monocrotaline (MCT)-induced HSOS. Results of serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferases (ALT/AST) activities, total bilirubin (TBil) and bile acids (TBA) amounts, liver histological observation, scanning electron microscope evaluation and hepatic metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression all demonstrated the protection of CAT against MCT-induced HSOS in rats...
February 20, 2018: Free Radical Research
Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Patrick Dressler, Bruno Fink, Albert Gollhofer, Daniel König
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the acute local and systemic effects of low-load resistance exercise (30% 1RM) with partial vascular occlusion on exercise-induced free radical production and to compare these effects with other established training methods. Fifteen young and healthy males (25 ± 3 years) performed the following four sessions in a counterbalanced order on separate days: low-load resistance exercise (LI: 30% 1RM), low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (LIBR: 30% 1RM), high-load resistance exercise (HI: 80% 1RM) and an additional session without exercise but blood flow restriction only (BR)...
February 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
Chutikorn Khuankaew, Nattayaporn Apaijai, Passakorn Sawaddiruk, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Sasiwan Kerdphoo, Surawut Pongsiriwet, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is the neuropathic pain. Mitochondrial dysfunction, increased oxidative stress, and inflammation demonstrated in chronic pain. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is the first-line drug for TN, however, it is still insufficient. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been used as the additional supplement for pain therapy. Nonetheless, mitochondrial respiratory proteins, oxidative stress, and inflammation in TN, and the add-on effects of CoQ10 on those defects have never been investigated. CBZ-treated TN-patients, naïve TN-patients, and control subjects were included...
February 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
Hiroshi Nishiwaki, Mikako Ito, Shuto Negishi, Sayaka Sobue, Masatoshi Ichihara, Kinji Ohno
BACKGROUND: Molecular hydrogen exerts its effect on multiple pathologies, including oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. However, its molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In order to explore the effects of molecular hydrogen, we meta-analyzed gene expression profiles modulated by molecular hydrogen. METHODS: We performed microarray analysis of the mouse liver with or without drinking hydrogen water. We also integrated two previously reported microarray datasets of the rat liver into meta-analyses...
February 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
Irene B Sørvik, Eirik Johansson Solum, Nils A Labba, Trond Vidar Hansen, Ragnhild E Paulsen
Oestrogens with no or reduced oestrogen receptor (ER) binding properties are reported to have neuroprotective functions. However, we have previously shown that the hormonally inactive isomer of 17β-estradiol (17β-E), 17α-estradiol (17α-E), down-regulates glutathione (GSH) synthesis, and fails to rescue serum deprivation-induced cell death in the rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 in micromolar concentration. The present study examined cellular protective effects of new 17β-E analogs and 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) analogs with no or little oestrogen activity...
February 6, 2018: Free Radical Research
Shengdian Huang, Hui Zhang, Joseph T Paletta, Suchada Rajca, Andrzej Rajca
Tetracarboxylate pyrroline nitroxides undergo very fast reduction with ascorbate/glutathione (GSH), with second order rate constants that are five orders of magnitude greater than those for gem-diethyl pyrroline nitroxides. For tetracarboxylate nitroxides, the electrochemical reduction potentials, measured by square wave voltammetry, are much less negative (by about 0.8 V), compared to the corresponding gem-diethyl nitroxides, while the oxidation potentials become more positive (by about 0.7 V). Electrochemical potentials correlate well via simple regressions with field/inductive parameters such as Swain/Lupton F-parameters (and/or Charton σI-parameters)...
February 6, 2018: Free Radical Research
Xiaoxue Zhang, Renpeng Ji, Huijun Sun, Jinyong Peng, Xiaodong Ma, ChangYuan Wang, Yufeng Fu, Liuchi Bao, Yue Jin
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by excessive accumulation of hepatic lipids and oxidative injury of hepatocytes. Scutellarin is a flavonoid glycoside having antioxidative stress activity. Our current study aims to investigate the molecular mechanism of scutellarin ameliorating NAFLD. Scutellarin treatment was applied to male C57BL/6 mice maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD) and HepG2 cells challenged with oleic acid. The antioxidation biochemical indicators and lipid levels in the liver and cells were detected by kits...
February 5, 2018: Free Radical Research
Li Bo, Chen Mei, Lu Mei, Jiang Xin-Xiang, Pan Meng-Xiong, Mao Jun-Wu
Substantial evidence indicates that the alteration of the cellular redox status is a critical factor involved in cell growth and death and results in tumorigenesis. Cancer cells have an efficient antioxidant system to counteract the increased generation of ROS. However, whether this ability to survive high levels of ROS has an important role in the growth and metastasis of tumors is not well understood. Glutaredoxin 3 (GLRX3), also known as TXNL2, Grx3 and PICOT, maintains a low level of ROS, thus contributing to the survival and metastasis of several types of cancer...
February 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
Francisco J Medina-Fernández, Begoña M Escribano, Carmen Padilla-Del-Campo, René Drucker-Colín, Álvaro Pascual-Leone, Isaac Túnez
In the last decades different transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols have been developed as a therapeutic tool against neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases, although the biochemical, molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying these effects are not well known. Recent data show that those magnetic stimulation protocols showing beneficial effects could trigger an antioxidant action that would favor, at least partially, their therapeutic effect. We have aimed to review the molecular effects related to oxidative damage induced by this therapeutic strategy, as well as from them addressing a broader definition of the antioxidant concept...
January 31, 2018: Free Radical Research
Rajesh Parsanathan, Sushil K Jain
Highlights • H2S upregulates glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL), GSS, and GR, increases glutathione (GSH), and decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels • H2S stimulates GSH-dependent antioxidant defense in myotubes • H2S regulates cysteine homeostasis through L-cysteine (LC) transporter • H2S enhances GLUT4 and glucose uptake • The CSE/H2S system maintains glutathione and glucose homeostasis in myotubes.
January 29, 2018: Free Radical Research
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