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Free Radical Research

Boris V Nemzer, Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Bruno Fink, John M Hunter, Daniel König
Recent interest has focused on maintenance of healthy levels of redox signalling and the related oxidants; these parameters are crucial for providing us with concrete nutritional targets that may help us to better understand and maintain "optimal health". Following the above hypothesis, we performed a pilot double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled, single dose study to measure the dose-dependent effects of a proprietary plant-based dietary supplement labelled here as S7 (SPECTRA7), related to how it affected the cellular metabolic index (CMI) in healthy human participants (n = 8)...
November 7, 2017: Free Radical Research
Sergey I Dikalov, Anna E Dikalova, Denis A Morozov, Igor A Kirilyuk
Nitroxides are widely used in biology as antioxidants, spin labels, functional spin probes for pH, oxygen and thiol levels, and tissue redox status imaging using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR); however, biological applications of nitroxides is hindered by fast bioreduction to EPR-silent hydroxylamines and rapid clearance. In this work, we have studied pyrrolidine nitroxides with acetoxymethoxycarbonyl groups which can undergo hydrolysis by cellular esterases to hydrophilic carboxylate derivatives resistant to bioreduction...
November 3, 2017: Free Radical Research
Ujjal Das, Aaveri Sengupta, Sushobhan Biswas, Arghya Adhikary, Rakhi Dey Sharma, Anindita Chakraborty, Sanjit Dey
Radiation-induced gastrointestinal syndrome occurs due to the clonogenic loss of crypt cells and villi depopulation, resulting in disruption of the mucosal barrier, bacterial invasion, inflammation, and sepsis. In this study, we investigated the role of ferulic acid (FA) against ionising radiation-induced duodenal injury and subsequent alterations in redox signalling events in wild type male Swiss albino mice. Mice were administered with FA at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight for 5 consecutive days prior to exposure of 2...
November 3, 2017: Free Radical Research
Ling Jiang, Yuanhan Qin, Fengying Lei, Xiuping Chen, Zhiqiang Zhou
Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common outcome in various chronic kidney diseases. Injury to renal tubular epithelial cell (RTEC) is major link in RIF. Hypoxia is one of the common factors for RTEC damage. Retinoic acid receptors (RARs), RARα, RARβ and RARγ, are evolutionary conserved and pleiotropic proteins that have been involved in various cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and transcription. Recently, we discovered that aberrant expression of RARs was involved in the development of RIF in rats...
November 3, 2017: Free Radical Research
Somayeh Javidanpour, Mahin Dianat, Mohammad Badavi, Seyyed Ali Mard
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common cause of hospitalisation and high mortality due to lethal arrhythmias. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA2) and ryanodine receptor (RyR2) regulate the cytosolic Ca(2+) ion concentration. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is one of the most common caffeic esters in Rosmarinus officinalis. The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis whether RA can protect cardiac function against AMI and arrhythmias induced by isoproterenol through the regulatory effect of SERCA2 and RyR2 gene expression...
November 3, 2017: Free Radical Research
Izabela Sadowska-Bartosz, Ireneusz Stefaniuk, Bogumił Cieniek, Grzegorz Bartosz
TEMPO-phosphate has been introduced as a phosphate analogue to study phosphate transport in erythrocytes. The nitroxide is reduced intracellularly upon entering the cells, the membrane transport being the rate-limiting step of the loss of ESR signal. The use of TEMPO-phosphate is convenient and avoids the hazard of radioactivity. We studied the inhibition of TEMPO-phosphate transport to human erythrocytes by various compounds. DIDS and SITS, inhibitors of Band 3, inhibited the TEMPO-phosphate transport. 1-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, inhibitor of monocarboxylate transporters, did not affect the permeation of TEMPO-phosphate...
November 1, 2017: Free Radical Research
Megumi Shimoji, Hirokazu Hara, Tetsuro Kamiya, Kensuke Okuda, Tetsuo Adachi
Previous reports have demonstrated that excess zinc (Zn(2+)) released from nerve terminals following cerebral ischemia causes brain injury. Therefore, disturbance of Zn(2+) homeostasis in the brain is thought to be closely linked to neurotoxicity. Recently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous mediator, has been reported to ameliorate ischemic brain injury. However, its mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we examined whether sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS), an H2S donor, protects against Zn(2+) cytotoxicity using human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
November 1, 2017: Free Radical Research
Eugène H J M Jansen, Piet K Beekhof, Dale Viezeliene, Vladimira Muzakova, Jiri Skalicky
The storage time and storage temperature might affect stability of oxidative stress biomarkers, therefore, they have to be analyzed after long-term storage of serum samples. The stability of three biomarkers reflecting oxidative stress: reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) for hydroperoxides, total thiol levels (TTL) for the redox status and biological antioxidant potency (BAP) for the antioxidant status, was investigated at several time points during 60 months of storage at -20 °C and -80 °C. Biomarkers ROM and BAP showed a very good stability during storage for 60 months at both temperatures...
October 30, 2017: Free Radical Research
Guo-Xiang Fu, Alex F Chen, Qiu-Mei Xu, Bei-Bei Han, Gao-Zhong Huang, Yuan Zhong
Recent evidence suggests a link between cathepsin L (CTSL) and vascular diseases. However, its contribution to reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis in the vasculature remains unknown. p66shc is a redox enzyme implicated in mitochondrial ROS generation and translation of oxidative signals. In this study, we explored the relationship between CTSL and oxidative damage in vasculature and whether the oxidative damage is mediated by p66shc.Carotid arteries from aged mice (24 months old) showed a reduction in CTSL expression compared with young wild-type mice (4 months old)...
October 29, 2017: Free Radical Research
Omayma A R Abozaid, Fatma S M Moawed, Mostafa A Farrag, Abdel Aziz A Abdel Aziz
Cellular exposure to ionizing radiation leads to oxidative stress events, which refer to elevated intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The elevated levels of ROS significantly contributed to γ-radiation (IR) induced cytotoxicity. In an attempt to minimize these cytotoxic effects, antioxidant compounds have been identified to counteract radiation- associated toxicities. We mainly aimed to study the protective effect of 4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-butanone (HMB) on IR-induced nephrotoxicity whereas; it was previously shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in different inflammation models...
October 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
Shachi Shuchi Smita, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Tulsankar S Laxman, Rabi S Bhatta, Rakesh Pandey
Shatavarin IV (SIV), a steroidal saponin is a major bioactive phytomolecule present in roots of Asparagus racemosus (Liliaceae) known for its anticancer activity. Age associated neurodegenerative Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by alpha-synuclein aggregation in dopaminergic neuron resulting in neurodegeneration. The invention of bioactive molecules that delay aging and age associated disorders endorses development of natural phytomolecule as a therapeutic agent for curing age related diseases. Therefore, present study for the first time explores the potential of SIV against aging and Parkinsonism utilizing Caenorhabditis elegans model system...
October 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
Thierry Roumeguère, Pierre Van Antwerpen, Henda Fathi, Alexandre Rousseau, Luc Vanhamme, Thierry Franck, Carla Costa, Annamaria Morelli, Christophe Lelubre, Claude Hauzeur, Martine Raes, Didier Serteyn, Eric Wespes, Michel Vanhaeverbeek, Karim Zouaoui Boudjeltia
The aim of this study was to investigate markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in the corpus cavernosum (CC) and to compare levels of inflammatory markers recorded in CC to venous blood from the arm to examine the potential impact of inflammatory parameters on erectile function and endothelial dysfunction in vitro. Ninety-seven patients with no complaint of erectile dysfunction (ED) at inclusion were prospectively included and completed the Erectile Function domain of the IIEF questionnaire. Several parameters, including lipids, MPO-dependent oxidized LDL (Mox-LDL), IL-8, IL-18, were measured...
October 17, 2017: Free Radical Research
Sandra S Eaton, Andrzej Rajca, Zhimin Yang, Gareth R Eaton
An iodoacetamide azaadamantyl spin label was studied in fluid solution and in 9:1 trehalose:sucrose glass. In 9:1 toluene:CH2Cl2 solution at 293 K the isotropic nitrogen hyperfine coupling is 19.2 G, T1 is 0.37 µs and T2 is 0.30-0.35 µs. Between about 80 and 150 K 1/Tm in 9:1 trehalose:sucrose is approximately independent of temperature demonstrating that the absence of methyl groups decreases 1/Tm relative to that which is observed in spin labels with methyl groups on the alpha carbons. Spin lattice relaxation rates between about 80 and 293 K in 9:1 trehalose:sucrose are similar to those observed for other nitroxide spin labels, consistent with the expectation that relaxation is dominated by Raman and local mode processes...
September 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Bhaskar Saha, Mrityunjaya Tyagi, Sandip K Bandyopadhyay, Birija Sankar Patro, Subrata Chattopadhyay
In this study, we demonstrated that the cytotoxicity of the protoberberine alkaloids such as coralyne, berberine and jatrorrhizine to several human cancer cell lines can be improved significantly in combination with UVA exposure. However, the phototoxic property of coralyne was much higher than that of the other two alkaloids. The combination of coralyne and UVA (designated as CUVA) induced oxygen-independent cytotoxicity in the human lung cancer A549 cells by producing more lethal DNA double-strand breaks, and the effect was mediated via the replication machinery...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Seiko Nakagawa
UV-photolysis of hydrogen peroxide is a useful technique to produce hydroxyl radical. However, it is not an appropriate method to estimate the reactivity of polyphenols with hydroxyl radicals because many of the polyphenol derivatives also absorb the UV-light to generate hydroxyl radicals. In this study, X-ray irradiation of water with a flowing system was applied to estimate the reactivity of hydroxyl radicals with polyphenols using electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trap. The obtained relative reaction rates reasonably agreed with previous data by pulse radiolysis...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Tetsuya Takayanagi, Hirokazu Kimiya, Tatsushi Ohyama
We investigated aqueous solutions containing nitrite ions and DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide) by electron spin resonance (ESR) in the pH range from 1 to 6. A DMPO-OH signal was observed below pH 3.0 in the presence of nitrite ions, whereas in the absence of nitrite ion, an extremely weak signal was observed below pH 1.5. Addition of methanol, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, to this system did not lead to the appearance of a detectable DMPO-CH2OH signal. The possibility of this DMPO-OH signal being due to a genuine spin trapping process with hydroxyl radical was, therefore, ruled out...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Martin Poncelet, Benoit Driesschaert, Andrey A Bobko, Valery V Khramtsov
Superoxide radical represents one of the most biologically relevant reactive oxygen species involved in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. Superoxide measurement through the decay of an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal of a triarylmethyl (TAM) radical possesses the advantage of a high selectivity and relatively high rate constant of TAM reaction with the superoxide. Hereby we report a straightforward synthesis and characterization of a TAM-TAM biradical showing a high reactivity with superoxide (second-order rate constant, (6...
September 4, 2017: Free Radical Research
Renata Tiscoski Nesi, Marina Valente Barroso, Valdirene de Souza Muniz, Ana Carolina de Arantes, Marco Aurélio Martins, Lycia de Brito Gitirana, Josiane Sabbadini Neves, Cláudia Farias Benjamim, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valenca
Asthma is an allergic inflammation driven by the Th2 immune response with release of cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-13, which contribute to the airflow limitations and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The involvement of oxidative stress in this process is well-established, but the specific role of the superoxide anion and nitric oxide in asthma are poorly understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the superoxide anion/nitric oxide production and detoxification in a murine asthma model...
August 24, 2017: Free Radical Research
Hironobu Yasui, Tatsuya Kawai, Shingo Matsumoto, Keita Saito, Nallathamby Devasahayam, James B Mitchell, Kevin Camphausen, Osamu Inanami, Murali C Krishna
Hypoxia is considered one of the microenvironmental factors associated with the malignant nature of glioblastoma. Thus, evaluating intratumoural distribution of hypoxia would be useful for therapeutic planning as well as assessment of its effectiveness during the therapy. Electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) is an imaging technique which can generate quantitative maps of oxygen in vivo using the exogenous paramagnetic compound, triarylmethyl and monitoring its line broadening caused by oxygen. In this study, the feasibility of EPRI for assessment of oxygen distribution in the glioblastoma using orthotopic U87 and U251 xenograft model is examined...
October 2017: Free Radical Research
Parvaneh Nasezadeh, Farshad Shahi, Mohammadjavad Fridoni, Enayatollah Seydi, Morteza Izadi, Ahmad Salimi
Mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress are known to contribute to the pathogenesis of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). In this study, we examined the protective effect of O2/O3 mixture (ozone/oxygen) therapy against mitochondrial induced damage and oxidative stress by noise exposure in rat brain and cochlear. For this purpose, rats were divided into four groups: 1 - control group; 2 - noise-exposed group (100 dB); 3 - noise + O2/O3, and 4 - O2/O3 (30 µg/ml). After 14 d, animals were anesthetised...
October 2017: Free Radical Research
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