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Free Radical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166653/oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-liver-responses-and-adaptations-to-acute-and-regular-exercise
#1
Rômulo Pillon Barcelos, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes, Javier Gonzalez-Gallego, Guilherme Bresciani
The liver is remarkably important during exercise outcomes due to its contribution to detoxification, synthesis and release of biomolecules, and energy supply to the exercising muscles. Recently, liver has been also shown to play an important role in redox status and inflammatory modulation during exercise. However, while several studies have described the adaptations of skeletal muscles to acute and chronic exercise, hepatic changes are still scarcely investigated. Indeed, acute intense exercise challenges the liver with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation onset, whereas regular training induces hepatic antioxidant and anti-inflammatory improvements...
February 6, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166650/the-effects-of-exercise-load-during-development-on-oxidative-stress-levels-and-antioxidant-potential-in-adulthood
#2
S Lee, J Hashimoto, T Suzuki, A Satoh
The objective of this study was to elucidate the impact of physical activity during the growth period as well as on oxidative stress and antioxidative potential in adulthood. The experimental animals used were four-week old male Wistar rats, which were randomly divided into three groups. The exercise loads were as follows: control (CON), treadmill exercise (TE), and jumping exercise (JE). The exercise was performed at the same time of day, at a frequency of five days per week, for eight weeks. Derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROSs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) were measured during periods of rest prior to commencement of the experiment and after the experiment...
February 6, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166649/evaluation-of-plasma-antioxidant-activity-in-rats-given-excess-egcg-with-reference-to-endogenous-antioxidants-concentrations-and-assay-methods
#3
Kaori Yokotani, Keizo Umegaki
The contribution of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) intake to in vivo antioxidant activity is unclear, even with respect to plasma. In this study, we examined how administration of EGCg contributes to plasma antioxidant activity, relative to its concentration, endogenous antioxidants, and assay methods, namely oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP). Administration of EGCg (500 mg/kg) to rats increased plasma EGCg (4 µmol/L as free form) and ascorbic acid (1...
February 6, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166645/epr-imaging-and-hplc-characterization-of-the-pigment-based-organic-free-radical-in-black-soybean-seeds
#4
Kouichi Nakagawa, Hayato Maeda
We investigated the location and distribution of paramagnetic species in dry black, brown, and yellow (normal) soybean seeds using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), X-band (9 GHz) EPR imaging (EPRI), and HPLC. EPR primarily detected two paramagnetic species in black soybean. These two different radical species were assigned as stable organic radical and Mn(2+) species based on the g values and hyperfine structures. The signal from the stable radical was noted at g ≈ 2.00 and was relatively strong and stable...
February 6, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147890/astragaloside-iv-synergizes-with-ferulic-acid-to-suppress-hepatic-stellate-cells-activation-in-vitro
#5
Haiying Dong, Hongyan Guo, Yini Liang, Xing Wang, Yingcai Niu
Because hepatic fibrosis usually involves more than one pathological process, combination therapy with modalities that target aberrant signaling cascade in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) represents an alternative strategy. This study evaluates the hypothesis that astragaloside IV (AS-IV) and ferulic acid (FA) synergize to inhibit HSCs activation via simultaneous activating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and blocking transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathways. The combination of FA and AS-IV, hereafter referred to as the AS-IV/FA, at suboptimal concentrations synergistically inhibited HSCs activation, as measured by expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen α type I (Col I), and fibronectin...
February 1, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142292/the-role-of-peroxiredoxin-6-in-neutralization-of-x-ray-mediated-oxidative-stress-effects-on-gene-expression-preservation-of-radiosensitive-tissues-and-postradiation-survival-of-animals
#6
M G Sharapov, V I Novoselov, E E Fesenko, V I Bruskov, S V Gudkov
Peroxiredoxins are redox-sensing multifunctional enzymes, аmong them peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6) can neutralize the most broadest range of hydroperoxides and playing an important role in maintaining the redox homeostasis of the cell. In the present study, radioprotective and signaling regulatory effects of Prx6 were demonstrated and characterized. Intravenously administered exogenous Prx6 protects the organism of mice from the destructive action of ionizing radiation in the lethal dose range of 5-10 Gy. Dose reduction factor of 1...
January 31, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118761/on-the-complex-%C3%A2-oh-%C3%A2-o-induced-free-radical-chemistry-of-arylalkylamines-with-special-emphasis-on-the-contribution-of-the-alkylamine-side-chain
#7
László Szabó, Viktória Mile, Tünde Tóth, György T Balogh, Tamás Földes, Erzsébet Takács, László Wojnárovits
A full account of the (•)OH-induced free radical chemistry of an arylalkylamine is given taking all the possible reaction pathways quantitatively into consideration. Such knowledge is indispensable when the alkylamine side chain plays a crucial role in biological activity. The fundamental reactions are investigated on the model compound N-methyl-3-phenypropylamine (MPPA), and extended to its biologically active analogue, to the antidepressant fluoxetine (FLX). Pulse radiolysis techniques were applied including redox titration and transient spectral analysis supplemented with DFT calculations...
January 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667446/oxidized-ldl-statin-use-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-receiving-maintenance-hemodialysis
#8
Sandra Wagner, Mugurel Apetrii, Ziad A Massy, Marcus E Kleber, Graciela E Delgado, Hubert Scharnagel, Winfried März, Marie Metzger, Patrick Rossignol, Alan Jardine, Hallvard Holdaas, Bengt Fellström, Roland Schmieder, Bénédicte Stengel, Faiez Zannad
Statin treatment reduces the risk of cardiovascular mortality in the general population, but it has little or no benefit in hemodialyzed (HD) patients. This may reflect different underlying pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients treated with HD, maybe involving the oxidative stress. Our aim was to assess the association of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), determined by Mercodia oxLDL enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit, with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and all-cause mortality in HD patients based on the AURORA trial (rosuvastatin vs placebo), and patients not on HD from the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health (LURIC) study...
January 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112004/torulene-and-torularhodin-protects-human-prostate-stromal-cells-from-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress-damage-through-the-regulation-of-bcl-2-bax-mediated-apoptosis
#9
Chao Du, Yahui Guo, Yuliang Cheng, Mei Han, Weiguo Zhang, He Qian
The current study was designed to elucidate the cytoprotective effects and possible mechanisms of torulene and torularhodin on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress damage in human prostate stromal cells (WPMY-1). After treated with H2O2, a notable decrease was appeared in cell viability, yet the decrease was attenuated when cells were pretreated with torulene and torularhodin (0.5-10 μM) as evaluated by WST-1 assay. Pretreatment with these two carotenoids significantly attenuated H2O2-induced apoptosis in WPMY-1 cells through the inhibition of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) overproduction, as well as the activation of the activities in catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)...
January 22, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095729/impact-of-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-on-helicobacter-pylori-related-extragastric-diseases-a-hypothesis
#10
Jannis Kountouras, Marina Boziki, Stergios A Polyzos, Panagiotis Katsinelos, Emmanouel Gavalas, Christos Zeglinas, Dimitri Tzivras, Iordanis Romiopoulos, Nikolaos Giorgakis, Kyriaki Anastasiadou, Elizabeth Vardaka, Constantinos Kountouras, Evangelos Kazakos, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Efthimios Dardiotis, Georgia Deretzi
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) production that contribute to pathogenesis of a variety of H. pylori-related gastric diseases, as shown in animal and human studies. Helicobacter pylori infection is also associated with variety of systemic extragastric diseases in which H. pylori-related ROS production might also be involved in the pathogenesis of these systemic conditions. We proposed that Hp-related ROS may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of Hp-related systemic diseases including Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma and other relative neurodegenerative diseases, thereby suggesting introduction of relative ROS scavengers as therapeutic strategies against these diseases which are among the leading causes of disability and are associated with a large public health global burden...
January 17, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090786/inorganic-nitrite-modulates-mirna-signatures-in-acute-myocardial-in-vivo-ischemia-reperfusion
#11
Ulrike B Hendgen-Cotta, Daniel Messiha, Sonja Esfeld, René Deenen, Tienush Rassaf, Matthias Totzeck
Acute myocardial infarction is the leading cause of mortality in the industrialized world. While it is essential to attempt an early reperfusion of ischemic myocardial territories, reperfusion itself adds damage to the heart, the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Particularly the injury resulting from the very first minutes of reperfusion remains incompletely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are dynamic regulators in I/R injury. Nitric oxide (•NO) signaling, in turn, interacts with miRNA signaling. Our previous investigations showed that •NO signaling in I/R could be modulated by nitrite...
January 16, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090788/selection-of-suitable-reference-genes-for-quantitative-real-time-pcr-in-trabecular-meshwork-cells-under-oxidative-stress
#12
Jing Zhao, HongYan Zhou, Lixia Sun, Ben Yang, Lin Zhang, Hongfeng Shi, Yajuan Zheng
Oxidative stress-induced dysfunction in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells is considered a major alteration that can lead to glaucoma. H2O2 is the most widely used agent for inducing oxidation in TM cells in vitro. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is an important method for studying alterations in gene expression, and suitable (i.e., invariant) reference genes must be defined to normalize expression levels. In this study, eight common reference genes, i.e., PRS18, ACTB, B2M, GAPDH, PPIA, HPRT1, YWHAZ, and TBP, were evaluated for use in studies of H2O2-induced dysfunction in TM cells...
January 15, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081640/xct-deficiency-aggravates-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-under-inhibition-of-the-transsulfuration-pathway
#13
Eun Sil Kang, Jaeyong Lee, Takujiro Homma, Toshihiro Kurahashi, Sho Kobayashi, Atsunori Nabeshima, Sohsuke Yamada, Han Geuk Seo, Satoshi Miyata, Hideyo Sato, Junichi Fujii
Cystine, an oxidized form of cysteine (Cys), is imported into cells via the protein xCT, which is also associated with the export of glutamate as the counter amino acid. In the current study, we attempted to rationalize roles of xCT in the livers of male mice. While xCT was not expressed in the livers of ordinary mice, it was induced under conditions of glutathione depletion, caused by the administration of acetaminophen (AAP). To differentiate the role between xCT and the transsulfuration pathway on the supply of Cys, we employed an inhibitor of the enzyme cystathionine γ-lyase, propargylglycine (PPG)...
January 12, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074659/ferulic-acid-fa-abrogates-%C3%AE-radiation-induced-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-by-up-regulating-nuclear-translocation-of-nrf2-and-activation-of-nhej-pathway
#14
Ujjal Das, Krishnendu Manna, Amitava Khan, Mahuya Sinha, Sushobhan Biswas, Aaveri Sengupta, Anindita Chakraborty, Sanjit Dey
The present study was aimed to evaluate the radioprotective effect of ferulic acid (FA), a naturally occurring plant flavonoid in terms of DNA damage and damage related alterations of repair pathways by gamma radiation. FA was administered at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight for five consecutive days prior to exposing the swiss albino mice to a single dose of 10 Gy gamma radiation. Ionising radiation induces oxidative damage manifested by decreased expression of Cu, Zn-SOD (SOD stands for super oxide dismutase), Mn-SOD and catalase...
January 11, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866421/the-development-of-1-3-diphenylisobenzofuran-as-a-highly-selective-probe-for-the-detection-and-quantitative-determination-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#15
Krzysztof Żamojć, Magdalena Zdrowowicz, Paweł Błażej Rudnicki-Velasquez, Karol Krzymiński, Bartłomiej Zaborowski, Paweł Niedziałkowski, Dagmara Jacewicz, Lech Chmurzyński
1,3-Diphenylisobenzofuran (DPBF) has been developed as a selective probe for the detection and quantitative determination of hydrogen peroxide in samples containing different reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS). DPBF is a fluorescent probe which, for almost 20 years, was believed to react in a highly specific manner toward some reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as singlet oxygen and hydroxy, alkyloxy or alkylperoxy radicals. Under the action of these individuals DPBF has been rapidly transformed to 1,2-dibenzoylbenzene (DBB)...
December 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838938/methionine-sulfoxide-reductase-b1-deficiency-does-not-increase-high-fat-diet-induced-insulin-resistance-in-mice
#16
Jung-Yoon Heo, Hye-Na Cha, Ki Young Kim, Eujin Lee, Suk-Jeong Kim, Yong-Woon Kim, Jong-Yeon Kim, In-Kyu Lee, Vadim N Gladyshev, Hwa-Young Kim, So-Young Park
Methionine-S-sulfoxide reductase (MsrA) protects against high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance due to its antioxidant effects. To determine whether its counterpart, methionine-R-sulfoxide reductase (MsrB) has similar effects, we compared MsrB1 knockout and wild-type mice using a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique. High-fat feeding for eight weeks increased body weights, fat masses, and plasma levels of glucose, insulin, and triglycerides to similar extents in wild-type and MsrB1 knockout mice. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test showed no difference in blood glucose levels between the two genotypes after eight weeks on the high-fat diet...
December 9, 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931128/antioxidant-activities-of-ginsenoside-rg1-against-cisplatin-induced-hepatic-injury-through-nrf2-signaling-pathway-in-mice
#17
Yan Gao, Shifeng Chu, Qianhang Shao, Meijin Zhang, Congyuan Xia, Yingying Wang, Yueting Li, Yuxia Lou, Huiyong Huang, Naihong Chen
Oxidative stress is mainly caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). The damage causes a net stress on normal organs, leading to a gradual loss of vital physiological function. ROS, such as free radicals, represent a class of molecules which are derived from the metabolism of oxygen and exist inherently. However, excessive produced ROS can damage all aerobic organisms. Ginseng is one of the most commonly used alternative herbal medicines, also as a traditional Chinese medicine. The aim of this study is to investigate the antioxidant potential function of ginsenoside Rg1 against cisplatin-caused hepatic damage...
December 8, 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919172/influence-of-glyco-oxidation-on-complexes-between-fibrin-ogen-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#18
Nikola Gligorijević, Ana Penezić, Olgica Nedić
Fibrinogen and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP-1) are tightly connected to metabolic changes and complications in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and since they mutually interact to form complexes in plasma, we investigated whether and to what extent IGFBP-1/fibrinogen complexes change due to glyco-oxidative processes in DM and whether they participate in fibrin clot formation. These complexes were determined by immunoblotting in plasma samples from healthy adults and patients with DM type 2...
December 5, 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817252/investigation-of-scavenging-activities-and-distribution-of-paramagnetic-species-in-zanthoxylum-limonella-seeds
#19
Kouichi Nakagawa, Apichet Promjareet, Aroonsri Priprem, Vassana Netweera, Hideyuki Hara
We investigated the scavenging activities of methanol-extracted oil and the distribution of paramagnetic species in Zanthoxylum limonella (ZL) seeds using noninvasive 9 GHz electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging and continuous wave EPR. EPR detected three different stable paramagnetic species that were assigned to stable organic radicals, Mn(2+), and other paramagnetic metal complexes. Two-dimensional EPR imaging showed that the stable paramagnetic species were located in the pigmented seed region with a strong intensity...
December 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785947/increased-non-protein-bound-iron-in-down-syndrome-contribution-to-lipid-peroxidation-and-cognitive-decline
#20
Caterina Manna, Arbace Officioso, Francesca Trojsi, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Silvia Leoncini, Cinzia Signorini, Lucia Ciccoli, Claudio De Felice
Down syndrome (DS, trisomy 21) is the leading cause of chromosomal-related intellectual disability. At an early age, adults with DS develop with the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, associated with a chronic oxidative stress. To investigate if non-protein bound iron (NPBI) can contribute to building up a pro-oxidative microenvironment, we evaluated NPBI in both plasma and erythrocytes from DS and age-matched controls, together with in vivo markers of lipid peroxidation (F2-isoprostanes, F2-dihomo-isoprostanes, F4-neuroprostanes) and in vitro reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in erythrocytes...
December 2016: Free Radical Research
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