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Free Radical Research

Carla Ferreri, Bernard T Golding, Ullrich Jahn, Jean-Luc Ravanat
The COST Action CM1201 "Biomimetic Radical Chemistry" has been active since December 2012 for four years, developing research topics organized into four working groups: WG1 - Radical Enzymes, WG2 - Models of DNA damage and consequences, WG3 - Membrane stress, signalling and defences, WG4 - Bio-inspired synthetic strategies. International collaborations have been established among the participating 80 research groups with brilliant interdisciplinary achievements. Free radical research with a biomimetic approach has been realized in the COST Action and are summarized in this overview by the four WG leaders...
October 17, 2016: Free Radical Research
Julie M Proudfoot, Anne E Barden, Kevin D Croft, Jean-M Galano, Thierry Durand, Valerie Bultel-Ponce, Martin Giera, Trevor A Mori
Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, interventions that raise HDL-C have failed to reduce cardiovascular events. We previously reported that HDL is the main carrier of plasma F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs) that are markers of oxidative stress formed upon oxidation of arachidonic acid. F2-IsoPs are predominantly associated with phospholipids. However, there is evidence that F2-IsoPs in the liver of rats treated with carbon tetrachloride associate with the neutral lipids...
October 17, 2016: Free Radical Research
Michael A Terzidis, Andreea Prisecaru, Zara Molphy, Niall Barron, Antonio Randazzo, Elise Dumont, Marios G Krokidis, Andrew Kellett, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
Herein we report the quantification of purine lesions arising from gamma-radiation sourced hydroxyl radicals (HO(•)) on tertiary dsDNA helical forms of supercoiled (SC), open circular (OC) and linear (L) conformation, along with single-stranded folded and non-folded sequences of guanine rich DNA in selected G-quadruplex structures. We identify that DNA helical topology and folding plays major, and unexpected, roles in the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyadenosine (8-oxo-dA), along with tandem-type purine lesions 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (5',8-cdG) and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (5',8-cdA)...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Shaukat Ali M Shaikh, Atanu Barik, Beena G Singh, Ramani V Madukuri, Neduri V Balaji, Gottumukkal V Subbaraju, Devidas B Naik, K Indira Priyadarsini
Hispolon (HS), a natural polyphenol found in medicinal mushrooms, and its isoxazole (HI) and pyrazole (HP) derivatives have been examined for free radical reactions and in vitro antioxidant activity. Reaction of these compounds with one-electron oxidant, azide radicals (N3(•)) and trichloromethyl peroxyl radicals (CCl3O2(•)), model peroxyl radicals, studied by nanosecond pulse radiolysis technique, indicated formation of phenoxyl radicals absorbing at 420 nm with half life of few hundred microseconds (µs)...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Fabíula Francisca Abreu, Ana Carla Araujó de Souza, Simone Aparecida Teixeira, Antônio Garcia Soares, Daiane Franco Teixeira, Rosilene Calazans Soares, Marilia Trindade Santana, Sandra Lauton Santos, Soraia Kátia Pereira Costa, Marcelo Nicolas Muscará, Enilton Aparecido Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) may be severe and cause hospitalization or death, and the available treatment is insufficient to control pancreatic inflammation and pain. Rutin is a natural flavonoid with the potential to treat AP via anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antioxidant activities. AIM: This study investigated the beneficial effects of rutin on experimental AP induced by L-arginine administration in mice. METHODS: The L-arginine-induced AP model was used in Swiss mice (n = 6-8)...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Shinya Toyokuni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
D Schlorke, J Atosuo, J Flemmig, E-M Lilius, J Arnhold
In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, the heme protein lactoperoxidase is able to oxidize thiocyanate and iodide to hypothiocyanite, reactive iodine species, and the inter(pseudo)halogen cyanogen iodide. The killing efficiency of these oxidants and of the lactoperoxidase-H2O2-SCN(-)/I(-) system was investigated on the bioluminescent Escherichia coli K12 strain that allows time-resolved determination of cell viability. Among the tested oxidants, cyanogen iodide was most efficient in killing E. coli, followed by reactive iodine species and hypothiocyanite...
October 12, 2016: Free Radical Research
Daisaku Yoshihara, Noriko Fujiwara, Nobue Kitanaka, Junichi Kitanaka, Haruhiko Sakiyama, Hironobu Eguchi, Motohiko Takemura, Keiichiro Suzuki
Copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1), a primary anti-oxidative enzyme, protects cells against oxidative stress. We report herein on a comparison of behavioral and neurobiological changes between SOD1 knockout (KO) and wild-type mice, in an attempt to assess the role of SOD1 in brain functions. SOD1 KO mice exhibited impaired motivational behavior in both shuttle-box learning and three-chamber social interaction tests. High levels of dopamine transporter protein and an acceleration of serotonin turnover were also detected in the cerebrums of the SOD1 KO mice...
October 12, 2016: Free Radical Research
Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Haruhi Saito, Satoshi Endo, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Midori Soda, Ossama El-Kabbani, Akira Hara, Akira Ikari
Docetaxel (DTX) is widely used for treatment of inveterate lung and prostate cancers, but its continuous administration elicits the hyposensitivity. Here, we established the DTX-resistant variants of human lung cancer A549 and androgen-independent prostate cancer Du145 cells and found that the resistance development provoked aberrant up-regulations of aldo-keto reductase (AKR) 1B10 and AKR1C3 in A549 and Du145 cells, respectively. In addition, the sensitivity to the DTX toxicity was significantly decreased and increased by overexpression and knockdown of the two AKR isoforms, respectively...
October 11, 2016: Free Radical Research
Poonam Malhotra, Manish Adhikari, Saurabh Mishra, Sumit Singh, Piyush Kumar, Shravan Kumar Singh, Raj Kumar
Radiation exposure to immune system induces imbalance in cytokines expression involved in Th1/Th2 homeostasis perturbations. In the present study, N-acetyl tryptophan glucoside (NATG), a bacterial secondary metabolite, was evaluated for its possible radioprotective potential to immune system using J774A.1 murine macrophages. In this study, expression of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-10, IL-2, IL-12, IL-13 and IL-17A cytokines was analyzed in irradiated and NATG pretreated cells using ELISA assay. Results of the study indicated that irradiated macrophages (NK-1R(+ )cells) pretreated with NATG showed higher (p < ...
October 11, 2016: Free Radical Research
Bárbara S Rocha, Mariana G Correia, Rita C Fernandes, João S Gonçalves, João Laranjinha
The clinical implications of the nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway have been extensively studied in recent years. However, the physiological impact of bioactive nitrogen oxides produced from dietary nitrate has remained largely elusive. Here, we report a hitherto unrecognized nitrite-dependent nitrating pathway that targets tight junction proteins in the stomach. Inorganic nitrate, nitrite or saliva obtained after the consumption of lettuce were administered by oral gavage to Wistar rats. The enterosalivary circulation of nitrate was allowed to occur for 4 h after which the animals were euthanized and the stomach collected...
October 11, 2016: Free Radical Research
Kenta Fujimoto, Takehiro Motowaki, Naoya Tamura, Yasuaki Aratani
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a major component of neutrophils, catalyzes the production of hypochlorous acid from hydrogen peroxide and chloride anion. Phagocytosis is a critical event induced by neutrophils for host defense and inflammation. Interestingly, we found that MPO-deficient (MPO(-/-)) neutrophils engulfed larger amounts of zymosan than wild-type neutrophils. Blocking of the CD11b subunit of complement receptor 3 (CR3) as well as inhibition of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) dramatically reduced zymosan phagocytosis...
October 4, 2016: Free Radical Research
Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Philippe Renaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Free Radical Research
Simone B Bayer, Felicia Low, Mark B Hampton, Christine C Winterbourn
Peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2) is an abundant antioxidant protein in erythrocytes that protects against hemolytic anemia resulting from hemoglobin oxidation and Heinz body formation. A small fraction of Prx2 is bound to the cell membrane, but the mechanism and relevance of binding are not clear. We have investigated Prx2 interactions with the erythrocyte membrane and oxidized hemoglobin and whether these interactions are dependent on Prx2 redox state. Membrane binding of Prx2 in erythrocytes decreased when the cells were treated with H2O2, but studies with purified Prx2 and isolated ghosts showed that the interaction was independent of Prx2 redox state...
September 28, 2016: Free Radical Research
Sandra Wagner, Mugurel Apetrii, Ziad A Massy, Kleber E Marcus, Graciela E Delgado, Scharnagel Hubert, März Winfried, Marie Metzger, Patrick Rossignol, Alan Jardine, Hallvard Holdaas, Bengt Fellström, Roland Schmieder, Bénédicte Stengel, Faiez Zannad
Statin treatment reduces the risk of cardiovascular mortality in the general population, but it has little or no benefit in hemodialyzed patients (HD). This may reflect different underlying pathophysiology of CVD in patients treated with HD, maybe involving the oxidative stress. Our aim was to assess the association of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), determinated by Mercodia oxLDL ELISA Kit, with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and all-cause mortality in HD patients based on the AURORA trial (rosuvastatin vs placebo), and patients not on HD from the LURIC study...
September 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
Wonjong Lee, Eun-Rhan Woo, Dong Gun Lee
Phytol, isolated from Aster yomena, is widely distributed as a constituent of chlorophyll. In the present study, we confirmed the antibacterial activity of phytol and its mechanism inducing oxidative cell death in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In phytol-treated cells, elevated level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and transient NADH depletion were observed. These results demonstrated that phytol induced ROS accumulation and that the electron transport chain was involved in increase of ROS. Due to this ROS generation, the imbalance developed between intracellular ROS and the antioxidant defense system, leading to decrease of reduced glutathione (GSH)...
September 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
Attia Anwar, Marina Marini, Provvidenza Maria Abruzzo, Alessandra Bolotta, Alessandro Ghezzo, Paola Visconti, Paul J Thornalley, Naila Rabbani
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To assess thiamine and related metabolite status by analysis of plasma and urine in autistic children and healthy controls, correlations to clinical characteristics and link to plasma protein markers of oxidative damage. METHODS: 27 children with autism (21 males and 6 females) and 21 (15 males and 6 females) age-matched healthy control children were recruited. The concentration of thiamine and related phosphorylated metabolites in plasma and urine and plasma protein content of dityrosine, N-formylkynurenine and 3-nitrotyrosine was determined...
September 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
Lin Zhao, Zhihui Feng, Xiaoyong Yang, Jiankang Liu
Nutrients excess is one of the leading causes of metabolic syndrome globally. Protein post-translational O-GlcNAc modification has been recognized as an essential nutrient sensor of the cell. Emerging studies suggest that O-GlcNAcylation lies at the core linking nutritional stress to insulin resistance. Mitochondria are the major site for ATP production in most eukaryotes. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have long been considered as an important mechanism underlying insulin resistance. The metabolic process is under the influence of environmental and nutritional factors, thus sensing and transducing nutritional signals sit at the pivot of metabolism control...
September 20, 2016: Free Radical Research
Ferhat Hanikoglu, Aysegul Hanikoglu, Ertan Kucuksayan, Murat Alisik, Ahmet Anil Gocener, Ozcan Erel, Mehmet Baykara, Aurora Cuoghi, Aldo Tomasi, Tomris Ozben
Thiol groups are important anti-oxidants and essential molecules protecting organism against the harmful effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of our study is to evaluate thiol-disulphide homeostasis with a novel recent automated method in patients with localized prostate cancer (PC) before and six months after radical prostatectomy (RP). 18 patients with PC and 17 healthy control subjects were enrolled into the study. Blood samples were collected from the controls subjects and patients before and six months after RP...
September 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Ji Ae Lee, Hyo Jin Son, Ji Hyun Kim, Ki Duk Park, Nari Shin, Hye Ri Kim, Eun Mee Kim, Dong Jin Kim, Onyou Hwang
The degenerative process of the nigral dopamine(DA)rgic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) involves both oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. In the present study, we aimed at developing a novel antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent for PD therapy. Toward this end, we screened a novel focused library of isothiocyanate derivatives that we have generated for an anti-inflammatory property. We obtained a novel compound ITC-57 and found that ITC-57 effectively induced gene expression of the antioxidant enzymes NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase-1, the catalytic and modulatory subunits of glutamylcysteine ligase, and HO-1 in DAergic neuronal CATH...
September 6, 2016: Free Radical Research
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