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Free Radical Research

Ajeet Kumar Singh, Manjula Vinayak
Concomitant generation of reactive oxygen species during tissue inflammation has been recognized as a major factor for development and maintenance of hyperalgesia, out of which H2O2 is the major player. However, molecular mechanism of H2O2 induced hyperalgesia is still obscure. The aim of present study is to analyze the mechanism of H2O2 induced hyperalgesia in rats. Intraplantar injection of H2O2 (5, 10 and 20 µmoles/paw) induced a significant thermal hyperalgesia in the hind paw, confirmed by increased c-Fos activity in dorsal horn of spinal cord...
September 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Kenji Ogawa, Naoki Kawahara, Kana Iwai, Emiko Niiro, Sachiko Morioka, Yuki Yamada
The mechanism of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) development remains elusive. This review outlines recent advances in the understanding of sequential molecular changes associated with the development of HGSC, as well as describes oxidative stress-induced genomic instability and carcinogenesis. This article reviews the English-language literature between 2005 and 2017. Clinicopathological features analysis provide a sequential progression of fallopian tubal epithelium to precursor lesions to type 2 HGSC...
September 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
Subhadip Hajra, Abhishek Basu, Somnath Singha Roy, Arup Ranjan Patra, Sudin Bhattacharya
The most crucial complication related to doxorubicin (DOX) therapy is nonspecific cytotoxic effect on healthy normal cells. The clinical use of this broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic agent is restricted due to development of severe form of cardiotoxicity, myelosuppression and genotoxicity which interfere with therapeutic schedule, compromise treatment outcome and may lead to secondary malignancy. 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) is a naturally occurring plant alkaloid formed by the hydrolysis of indolylmethyl glucosinolate (glucobrassicin)...
September 18, 2017: Free Radical Research
Qurratu Aini Musthafa, Noor Akmal Shareela Ismail, Muhd Faizan Abdul Shukor, Azmee Mohd Ghani, Rosli Mohd Ali, Ika Faizura M Nor, Mohd Zamrin Dimon, Ngah Wan, Zurinah Wan
Identifying patients at risk of developing premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) which occurs at age below 45 years old and constitutes approximately 7-10% of coronary artery disease (CAD) worldwide remains a problem. Oxidative stress has been proposed as a crucial step in the early development of PCAD. This study was conducted to determine the oxidative status of PCAD in comparison to CAD patients. PCAD (<45 years old) and CAD (>60 years old) patients were recruited with age-matched controls (n=30, each group)...
September 12, 2017: Free Radical Research
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Bhaskar Saha, Mrityunjaya Tyagi, Sandip K Bandyopadhyay, Birija Sankar Patro, Subrata Chattopadhyay
In this study, we demonstrated that the cytotoxicity of the protoberberine alkaloids such as coralyne, berberine and jatrorrhizine to several human cancer cell lines can be improved significantly in combination with UVA exposure. However, the phototoxic property of coralyne was much higher than that of the other two alkaloids. The combination of coralyne and UVA (designated as CUVA) induced oxygen-independent cytotoxicity in the human lung cancer A549 cells by producing more lethal DNA double-strand breaks, and the effect was mediated via the replication machinery...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Seiko Nakagawa
UV-photolysis of hydrogen peroxide is a useful technique to produce hydroxyl radical. However, it is not an appropriate method to estimate the reactivity of polyphenols with hydroxyl radicals because many of the polyphenol derivatives also absorb the UV-light to generate hydroxyl radicals. In this study, X-ray irradiation of water with a flowing system was applied to estimate the reactivity of hydroxyl radicals with polyphenols using electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trap. The obtained relative reaction rates reasonably agreed with previous data by pulse radiolysis...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Tetsuya Takayanagi, Hirokazu Kimiya, Tatsushi Ohyama
We investigated aqueous solutions containing nitrite ions and DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide) by electron spin resonance (ESR) in the pH range from 1 to 6. A DMPO-OH signal was observed below pH 3.0 in the presence of nitrite ions, whereas in the absence of nitrite ion, an extremely weak signal was observed below pH 1.5. Addition of methanol, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, to this system did not lead to the appearance of a detectable DMPO-CH2OH signal. The possibility of this DMPO-OH signal being due to a genuine spin trapping process with hydroxyl radical was, therefore, ruled out...
September 5, 2017: Free Radical Research
Benliang Deng, Kejun Yang, Yifei Zhang, Zuotong Li
It is well known that antioxidants such as AA (reduced ascorbate), glutathione (GSH) (reduced glutathione) and melatonin can delay seed ageing. Can they recover aged seed? Artificial aged maize seeds were obtained and their reduced germination rate (GR) and high lipid peroxidation were recorded. Exogenous melatonin was applied on these aged seeds and enhanced GR was observed. However, treatment with other antioxidants such as AA, GSH or DMTU (dimethyl thiourea) did not significantly improve or even reduce the GR of aged seeds...
September 3, 2017: Free Radical Research
Leticia Selinger Galant, Marcos Martins Braga, Diego de Souza, Andreza Fabro de Bem, Luca Sancineto, Claudio Santi, Joao Batista Teixeira da Rocha
Organoselenium compounds, such as diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2 and phenylselenium zinc chloride (PhSeZnCl), show protective activities related to their thiol peroxidase activity. However, depending on experimental conditions, organoselenium compounds can cause toxicity by oxidising thiol groups of proteins and induce the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we analysed the toxicity of (PhSe)2 and PhSeZnCl in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cell growth of S. cerevisiae after 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 16 h of treatment with 2, 4, 6, and 10 μM of (PhSe)2 was evaluated...
August 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
Renata Tiscoski Nesi, Marina Valente Barroso, Valdirene de Souza Muniz, Ana Carolina de Arantes, Marco Aurélio Martins, Lycia de Brito Gitirana, Josiane Sabbadini Neves, Cláudia Farias Benjamim, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valenca
Asthma is an allergic inflammation driven by the Th2 immune response with release of cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-13, which contribute to the airflow limitations and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The involvement of oxidative stress in this process is well-established, but the specific role of the superoxide anion and nitric oxide in asthma are poorly understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the superoxide anion/nitric oxide production and detoxification in a murine asthma model...
August 24, 2017: Free Radical Research
Xiaolong Sun, Hongchao Jiao, Jingpeng Zhao, Xiaojuan Wang, Hai Lin
Uric acid (UA) is a potent scavenger of oxidants in most mammalian and avian species. The aim of this study was to obtain more comprehensive information regarding the relationship between different concentrations of UA and oxidative balance in chicken cardiac cells. First, oxidative damage parameters were measured in chicken cardiac cells treated with different concentrations of UA. UA concentrations within the normal physiological range had no effect, while treatment with a high level of UA, i.e. 1200 μM, increased the malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl contents, decreased the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, and had no effect on glutathione (GSH) in cardiac muscle cells...
August 18, 2017: Free Radical Research
Martin Poncelet, Benoit Driesschaert, Andrey A Bobko, Valery V Khramtsov
Superoxide radical represents one of the most biologically relevant reactive oxygen species involved in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. Superoxide measurement through the decay of an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal of a triarylmethyl (TAM) radical possesses the advantage of a high selectivity and relatively high rate constant of TAM reaction with the superoxide. Hereby we report a straightforward synthesis and characterization of a tam-tam biradical showing a high reactivity with superoxide (second-order rate constant, (6...
August 17, 2017: Free Radical Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Free Radical Research
Qiang Sun, Wenjie Han, Huijun Hu, Danfeng Fan, Yanbo Li, Yu Zhang, Yan Lv, Mingxin Li, Shuyi Pan
Hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI) is a major clinical problem for patients undergoing supplemental oxygen therapy. Currently in clinical settings there exist no effective means of prevention or treatment methods. Our previous study found that: hydrogen could reduce HALI, as well as oxidative stress. This research will further explore the mechanism underlying the protective effect of hydrogen on oxygen toxicity. Rats were randomly assigned into three experimental groups and were exposed in a oxygen chamber for 60 continuous hours: 100% balanced air (control); 100% oxygen (HALI); 100% oxygen with hydrogen treatment (HALI + HRS)...
July 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
D Lixandru, P Alexandru, A Mihai, A Roşca, C Ionescu-Tîrgovişte, L I Braşoveanu, B Manuel-Y-Keenoy
AIM: To investigate peripheral blood monocytes/macrophages (Mo/Mᴓ) paraoxonase 2 (PON2) in diabetes and the factors modulating its activity. METHODS: One hundred and eighteen patients with newly diagnosed uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus were compared regarding clinical, biochemical and oxidative stress parameters with 80 healthy subjects. The capacity of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) to release pro-oxidants and to neutralise them was determined by measuring the respiratory burst (RB) and the intracellular antioxidant enzyme PON2...
July 13, 2017: Free Radical Research
Aaron J Done, Michael J Newell, Tinna Traustadóttir
INTRODUCTION: The transcription factor Nrf2 is the master regulator of antioxidant defense. Recent data indicate a single bout of moderate-intensity stationary cycling at a constant workload upregulates Nrf2 signaling in young, but not older men; however the role of exercise intensity on Nrf2 activation has not been tested. We hypothesized that a high-intensity interval session would elicit a greater Nrf2 response than moderate aerobic exercise. METHODS: Nrf2 signaling in response to two 30-min cycling protocols (high-intensity interval and constant workload) was compared in young men (25 ±1y, n = 16)...
July 10, 2017: Free Radical Research
Yong-Hui Mao, Qing-Hua Weng, Leng-Nan Xu, Xiang-Yu Li, Ban Zhao, Ying Sun, Jing-Jing Nie, Ji-Hong Hu, Qi Zhou, Li-Qun Zhang, Jian Guo, Ming-Zhang Zuo, Sadayoshi Ito, Jian-Ping Cai
Oxidatively generated damage to nucleic acids may play an important role in the pathophysiological processes of a variety of diseases. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGsn) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxo-Gsn) are oxidatively generated products of DNA and RNA, respectively. Our previous studies have suggested that the amounts of 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn in urine were considerably higher than other body fluid or tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 8-oxo-dGsn and 8-oxo-Gsn levels in random urine samples are consistent with those in 24 h urine samples in healthy subjects and patients with renal disease...
July 10, 2017: Free Radical Research
Yi-Hsuan Wu, Hsin-Ru Lin, Ying-Hsuan Lee, Pin-Hao Huang, Huei-Chung Wei, Arnold Stern, Daniel Tsun-Yee Chiu
Oxidative stress induces miR-200c, the predominant microRNA (miRNA) in lung tissues; however, the antioxidant role and biochemistry of such induction have not been clearly defined. Therefore, a lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) and a normal lung fibroblast (MRC-5) were used as models to determine the effects of miR-200c expression on lung antioxidant response. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) upregulated miR-200c, whose overexpression exacerbated the decrease in cell proliferation, retarded the progression of cells in the G2/M-phase, and increased oxidative stress upon H2O2 stimulation...
July 4, 2017: Free Radical Research
Dede N Ekoue, Soumen Bera, Emmanuel Ansong, Peter C Hart, Sofia Zaichick, Frederick E Domann, Marcelo G Bonini, Alan M Diamond
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a mitochondrial-resident enzyme that reduces superoxide to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which can be further reduced to water by glutathione peroxidase (GPX1). Data from human studies have indicated that common polymorphisms in both of these proteins are associated with the risk of several cancers, including breast cancer. Moreover, polymorphisms in MnSOD and GPX1 were shown to interact to increase the risk of breast cancer. To gain an understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind these observations, we engineered human MCF-7 breast cancer cells to exclusively express GPX1 and/or MnSOD alleles and investigated the consequences on the expression of several proteins associated with cancer aetiology...
July 4, 2017: Free Radical Research
Ryouhei Ohwada, Yu Ozeki, Yasukazu Saitoh
High-dose ascorbic acid (AsA) treatment, known as pharmacological AsA, has been shown to exert carcinostatic effects in many types of cancer cells and in vivo tumour models. Although pharmacological AsA has potential as a complementary and alternative medicine for anticancer treatment, its effects on human tongue carcinoma have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effect of AsA treatment on human tongue carcinoma HSC-4 cells compared with non-tumourigenic tongue epithelial dysplastic oral keratinocyte (DOK) cells...
July 2017: Free Radical Research
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