journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Endocrinology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773584/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-cell-cycle-regulation-in-adrenocortical-carcinoma
#1
Sofia Pereira, Mariana P Monteiro, Isabelle Bourdeau, Andre Lacroix, Duarte Pignatelli
Adrenocortical carcinomas are rather rare endocrine tumors that often have a poor prognosis. The reduced survival rate associated with these tumors is due to their aggressive biological behavior, combined with the scarcity of effective treatment options that are currently available. The recent identification of the genomic alterations present in ACC have provided further molecular mechanisms to develop consistent strategies for the diagnosis, prevention of progression and treatment of advanced ACCs. Taken together, molecular and genomic advances could be leading the way to develop personalized medicine in ACCs similarly to similar developments in lung or breast cancers...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764908/management-of-endocrine-disease-which-metabolic-procedure-comparing-outcomes-in-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#2
Adrian T Billeter, Javier de la Garza Herrera, Katharina M Scheurlen, Felix Nickel, Franck Billmann, Beat Müller-Stich
Obesity and its associated comorbidities have become one of the largest challenges for health care in the near future. Conservative therapy for obesity and related comorbidities have a very high failure rate and poor long-term results. Similarly, the conservative and medical management of the majority of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus are only able to slow down disease progression but have no causal effect on the disease process. Obesity surgery has evolved as a highly effect therapy for severe obesity achieving long-lasting weight loss...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764907/mortality-in-acromegaly-decreased-in-the-last-decade-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Fernanda Bolfi, Adriele Ferreira Neves, Cesar Luiz Boguszewski, Vania Santos Nunes-Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To compare the acromegaly mortality rates with those expected for the general population from studies published before and after 2008. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and included observational studies in which the number of deaths observed in acromegaly was compared with the expected mortality for the general population (O/E). The following electronic databases were used as our data sources: Embase, Medline and Lilacs. From the O/E, we recalculated all Standardized Mortality Rates (SMR), and their respective confidence intervals (95% CI) which were plotted in a meta-analysis using the software RevMan 5...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752299/anniversary-review-50-years-since-the-discovery-of-bromocriptine
#4
Michael O Thorner
Ergotism is the long term ergot poisoning by ingestion of rye or other grains infected with the fungus Claviceps purpurea and more recently by excessive intake of ergot drugs. It has either neuropsychiatric or vascular manifestations. In the Middle Ages the gangrenous poisoning was known as St Anthony's fire, after the order of the Monks of St Anthony who were particularly skilled at treating the condition. In 1917, Professor Arthur Stoll returned home to Switzerland from Germany, to lead the development of a new pharmaceutical department at Sandoz Chemical Company...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748231/management-of-endocrine-disease-differential-diagnosis-investigation-and-therapy-of-bilateral-adrenal-incidentalomas
#5
Isabelle Bourdeau, Nada El Ghorayeb, Nadia Gagnon, Andre Lacroix
The investigation and management of unilateral adrenal incidentalomas have been extensively considered in the last decades. While bilateral adrenal incidentalomas represent about 15 percent of adrenal incidentalomas, they have been less frequently discussed. The differential diagnosis of bilateral incidentalomas includes metastasis, primary bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (BMAH) and bilateral cortical adenomas. Les frequent etiologies are bilateral pheochromocytomas, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing's disease or ectopic ACTH secretion with secondary bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, primary malignancies, myelolipomas, infections or hemorrhage...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743168/gestational-diabetes-with-diabetes-and-prediabetes-risks-a-large-observational-study
#6
Yun Shen, Peng Wang, Leishen Wang, Shuang Zhang, Huikun Liu, Weiqin Li, Nan Li, Wei Li, Junhong Leng, Jing Wang, Huiguang Tian, Cuilin Zhang, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Xilin Yang, Zhijie Yu, Gang Hu
Aims To compare risks of early postpartum diabetes and prediabetes in Chinese women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy Subjects and methods Tianjin GDM observational study included 1263 women with a history of GDM and 705 women without GDM who participated in the urban GDM universal screening survey by using World Health Organization's criteria. Postpartum diabetes and prediabetes were identified after a standard oral glucose tolerance test. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess risks of postpartum diabetes and prediabetes between women with and without GDM...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739812/risk-factors-for-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-in-the-dali-study-differ-by-period-of-pregnancy-and-ogtt-time-point
#7
Lilian C Mendoza, Jürgen Harreiter, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Juan María Adelantado, Fabiola Juarez, Ana Chico, Roland Devlieger, Andre Van Assche, Sander Galjaard, Peter Damm, Elisabeth Mathiesen, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte Andersen, Mette Tanvig, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfra, Alessandra Bertolotto, Urszula Mantaj, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, David Hill, Judith Jelsma, Fj Snoek, Mireille Van Poppel, Christof Worda, Dagmar Bancher-Todesca, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Fidelma Dunne, Rosa Corcoy
OBJECTIVE Risk factors are widely used to identify women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) without clear distinction by pregnancy period or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) time points. We aimed to assess clinical risk factors for HiP differentiating by these two aspects. DESIGN AND METHODS 971 overweight/obese pregnant women, enrolled in the DALI study for preventing GDM. OGTTs were performed at ≤19+6, 24-28 and 35-37 weeks (IADPSG/WHO2013 criteria). Women with GDM or overt diabetes at one time point did not proceed to further OGTTs...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724865/effects-of-intravenous-thyrotropin-releasing-hormone-on-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-in-human-brown-adipose-tissue-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Charlotte A Heinen, Zhi Zhang, Lars P Klieverik, Tim C de Wit, Edwin Poel, Maqsood Yaqub, Anita Boelen, Andries Kalsbeek, Peter H Bisschop, Paul van Trotsenburg, Hein Verberne, Jan Booij, Eric Fliers
OBJECTIVE: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity in humans is stimulated by cold and by a limited number of pharmacological agents, including β3-adrenergic agonists and bile acids. Although thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is known to activate BAT in several mammals, this has not been reported in humans. DESIGN: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, cross-over trial. METHODS: We investigated the effects of intravenous bolus administration of 400 µg TRH or 2 mL saline on BAT activity in healthy, lean men...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716978/therapy-of-endocrine-disease-growth-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-adults-thirty-years-of-personal-clinical-experience
#9
Jens Otto L Jorgensen, Anders Juul
The acute metabolic actions of purified human GH was first documented in adult hypopituitary patients more than 50 years ago, and placebo controlled long term GH trials in GH-deficient adults (GHDA) surfaced in 1989 with the availability of biosynthetic human GH. Untreated GHDA is associated with excess morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease and the phenotype includes fatigue, reduced aerobic exercise capacity, abdominal obesity, reduced lean body mass, osteopenia, and elevated levels of circulating cardiovascular biomarkers...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712718/persisting-adverse-body-composition-changes-2-years-after-cessation-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-localised-prostate-cancer
#10
Ada S Cheung, Alistair Tinson, Stefan Milevski, Rudolf Hoermann, Jd Zajac, Mathis Grossmann
OBJECTIVE: Hypogonadism from androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer causes adverse body composition changes associated with insulin resistance and decreased quality of life (QoL). Our objective was to assess whether adverse body composition changes improve after cessation of ADT. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study in a tertiary referral hospital. Thirty-four men newly commencing ADT (cases, median age 67.6 years [interquartile range 64.6, 72...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703794/tirads-score-is-of-limited-clinical-value-for-risk-stratification-of-indeterminate-cytological-results
#11
Emmanuelle Chaigneau, Gilles Russ, Benedicte Royer, Claude Bigorgne, Marie Bienvenu, Agnes Rouxel, Laurence Leenhardt, Lisa Belin, Camille Buffet
CONTEXT: Thyroid nodules with cytological indeterminate results represent a daily and recurrent issue for patient management. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of our study was to determine if TIRADS (Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System) could be used to stratify the malignancy risk of these nodules and to help in their clinical management. Secondary objective was to estimate if this risk stratification would change after reclassification of encapsulated non-invasive follicular variant of papillary carcinomas (FVPTC) as NIFTP...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703793/liraglutide-increases-ivf-pregnancy-rates-in-obese-pcos-women-with-poor-response-to-first-line-reproductive-treatments-a-pilot-randomized-study
#12
Vesna Salamun, Mojca Jensterle, Andrej Janez, Eda Vrtacnik Bokal
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has been investigated in regulation of reproductive system in animal models. The potential impact of short-term preconception intervention with liraglutide on fertility potential in PCOS has not been evaluated yet. DESIGN: A prospective randomized open-label study was conducted in 28 infertile obese PCOS patients (age 31.07±4.75 years, BMI 36.7±3.5 kg/m2, mean±SD). They were assigned to metformin (MET) 1000 mg BID or to MET 1000 mg BID combined with low-dose liraglutide 1...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691303/therapy-of-endocrine-disease-denosumab-versus-bisphosphonates-for-the-treatment-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#13
Athanasios D Anastasilakis, Stergios A Polyzos, Polyzois Makras
The most widely used medications for the treatment of osteoporosis are currently bisphosphonates and denosumab. Both are antiresorptives, thus targeting the osteoclast and inhibiting bone resorption. Denosumab achieves greater suppression of bone turnover and greater increases of bone mineral density (BMD) at all skeletal sites, both in naïve and pre-treated patients. No superiority on fracture risk reduction has been documented so far. In long-term administration, bisphosphonates reach a plateau in BMD response after 2-3 years, especially at the hip, while BMD increases progressively for as long as denosumab is administered...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678923/eje-prize-2018-a-gut-feeling-about-glucagon
#14
Filip Krag Knop
Hyperglucagonaemia (in the fasting as well as in the postprandial state) is considered a core pathophysiological component of diabetes and to contribute substantially to the hyperglycaemic state of diabetes. Hyperglucagonaemia is usually viewed upon as a consequence of pancreatic alpha cell insensitivity to the glucagon-suppressive effects of glucose and insulin. Since we observed that the well-known hyperglucagonaemic response to oral glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes is exchanged by normal suppression of plasma glucagon levels following isoglycaemic intravenous glucose administration in these patients, we have been focusing on the gut and gut-derived factors as potential mediators of diabetic hyperglucagonaemia...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674485/management-of-endocrine-disease-diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-aldosteronism-the-endocrine-society-guideline-2016-revisited
#15
Tracy Ann Williams, Martin Reincke
The syndrome of primary aldosteronism (PA) is characterized by hypertension with excessive, autonomous aldosterone production and is usually caused by either a unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH). The diagnostic workup of PA is a sequence of three phases comprising screening tests, confirmatory tests and the differentiation of unilateral from bilateral forms. The latter step is necessary to determine the optimal treatment approach of unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy (for patients with unilateral PA) or medical treatment with a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (for patients with bilateral PA)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661784/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-a-sense-of-time-of-the-glucocorticoid-circadian-clock-from-the-ontogeny-to-the-diagnosis-of-cushing-s-syndrome
#16
Ayrton Custodio Moreira, Sonir Roberto R Antonini, Margaret De Castro
The circadian rhythm of glucocorticoids has long been recognised within the last 75 years. Since the beginning, researchers have sought to identify basic mechanisms underlying the origin and emergence of the corticosteroid circadian rhythmicity among mammals. Accordingly, Young, Hall and Rosbash, laureates of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, as well as Takahashi's group among others, have characterised the molecular cogwheels of the circadian system, describing interlocking transcription/translation feedback loops essential for normal circadian rhythms...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650691/predictive-score-for-the-development-or-progression-of-graves-orbitopathy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-graves-hyperthyroidism
#17
Wilmar M Wiersinga, Miloš Žarković, Luigi Bartalena, Simone Donati, Petros Perros, Onyebuchi Okosieme, Daniel Morris, Nicole Fichter, Juerg Lareida, Georg von Arx, Chantal Daumerie, Maria-Cristina Burlacu, George J Kahaly, Susanne Pitz, Biljana Beleslin, Jasmina Ćirić, Goksun Ayvaz, Onur Konuk, Fusun Balos Toruner, Mario Salvi, Danila Covelli, Nicola Currò, Laszlo Hegedüs, Thomas Heiberg Brix
Objective: To construct a predictive score for the development or progression of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) in Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH). Design: Prospective observational study in patients with newly diagnosed GH, treated with antithyroid drugs (ATD) for 18 months at ten participating centers from EUGOGO in 8 European countries. Methods: 348 patients were included with untreated GH but without obvious GO. Mixeded effects logistic regression was used to determine best predictors. A predictive score (called PREDIGO) was constructed...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650690/the-genetic-characteristics-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-china-by-comprehensive-screening-of-21-candidate-genes
#18
Feng Sun, Jun-Xiu Zhang, Chang-Yi Yang, Guan-Qi Gao, Wen-Bin Zhu, Bing Han, Le-Le Zhang, Yue-Yue Wan, Xiao-Ping Ye, Yu-Ru Ma, Man-Man Zhang, Liu Yang, Qian-Yue Zhang, Wei Liu, Cui-Cui Guo, Gang Chen, Shuang-Xia Zhao, Ke-Yi Song, Huaidong Song
Objective Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the most common neonatal metabolic disorder, is characterized by impaired neurodevelopment. Although several candidate genes have been associated with CH, comprehensive screening of causative genes has been limited. Desgin and Methods One-hundred and ten patients with primary CH were recruited in this study. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of 21 candidate genes for CH were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. And the intertance pattern of causative genes was analysised by the study of family pedigrees...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650689/role-of-mri-t2-drive-in-the-assessment-of-pituitary-stalk-abnormalities-without-gadolinium-in-pituitary-diseases
#19
Elisabetta Godano, Giovanni Morana, Natascia Di Iorgi, Angela Pistorio, Anna Elsa Maria Allegri, Flavia Napoli, Roberto Gastaldi, Annalisa Calcagno, Giuseppa Patti, Annalisa Gallizia, Sara Notarnicola, Marta Giaccardi, Serena Noli, Mariasavina Severino, Domenico Tortora, Andrea Rossi, Mohamad Maghnie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of T2-DRIVE MRI sequence in the accurate measurement of pituitary stalk (PS) size and the identification of PS abnormalities in patients with hypothalamic-pituitary disorders without the use of gadolinium. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study conducted on 242 patients who underwent MRI due to pituitary dysfunction between 2006 - 2015. Among 135 eligible patients, 102 showed eutopic posterior pituitary (PP) gland and 33 showed "ectopic" PP (EPP)...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599408/non-parathyroid-hypercalcemia-associated-with-paraffin-oil-injection-in-12-younger-male-bodybuilders
#20
Anne Sophie Koldkjær Sølling, Birgitte Tougaard, Torben Harsløf, Bente Langdahl, Helle Kongsbak Brockstedt, Keld-Erik Byg, Per Ivarsen, Ina Karstoft Ystrøm, Frank Holden Mose, Gustaf Lissel Isaksson, Morten Steen Svarer Hansen, Subagini Nagarajah, Charlotte Ejersted, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Lars Rejnmark
INTRODUCTION: Injection of paraffin oil to augment muscles size is a troubling phenomenon known to cause a foreign-body reaction with formation of granulomas. In a few case-reports, long-term side effects have been reported in terms of hypercalcemia and renal failure. METHODS: We identified a case series of 12 male bodybuilders presenting with non-parathyroid hypercalcemia who previously had injected paraffin oil to increase muscles size. RESULTS: At admission, all patients had moderate to severe hypercalcemia with suppressed PTH levels and impaired renal function...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
journal
journal
31671
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"