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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

Maria W L J Olthof-Nefkens, Hannes Kruse, Els Derksen, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Johanna G Kalf
OBJECTIVE: To identify the essential elements of a newly developed, practice-based logopaedic intervention, which focuses on communication between persons with dementia (PwDs) and their caregivers. METHODS: The intervention of 6 one-hour sessions was conducted and evaluated with 4 PwD-caregiver dyads. Eighteen therapy sessions were video recorded and semi-structured interviews with all dyads and an interview with the speech-language therapist (SLT) were audio recorded...
August 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Donia Ayman Zakaria, Meram M Bekhet, Mona S Khodeir, Samia S Bassiouny, Marwa M Saleh
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes mellitus is a well-researched systemic endocrinal disease, literature is scarce addressing the co-occurrence of oropharyngeal dysphagia with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to screen Egyptian diabetic patients for symptoms suggestive of oropharyngeal dysphagia using the validated Arabic version of the Eating Assessment Tool (A-EAT-10). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 200 Egyptian adult diabetic patients, aged from 18 to 59 years participated in the study...
August 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Irene Battel, Irene Calvo, Margaret Walshe
Outcome measures and scales translated into other languages according to conventions are important for international clinical research in dysphagia. Typically, assessments and scales are translated locally without cultural adaptation and validation. The Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) is widely used in dysphagia research and clinical practice in English-speaking countries. Nevertheless, it is not available in Italian. The aim of this study was to translate the FOIS into Italian and validate it, allowing the FOIS to be available to speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and clinicians working with individuals with dysphagia in Italy...
August 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Kim Bettens, Astrid Verbrugge, Leen Aper, Lieven Danneels, Kristiane M Van Lierde
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peer tutoring may advance learning experiences and academic performances of students. Moreover, it seems to be an effective strategy to develop new skills. This study aimed to explore the effects of peer tutoring on the competencies of first-year students (tutees) and final-year students (tutors) of a master program in speech-language pathology. METHODS: Questionnaires were used to investigate the motivation, expectations, learning success, and competencies of 69 tutees and 32 tutors regarding a peer-tutoring project to optimize the speech sound proficiency skills of the tutees...
August 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Jong-Chi Oh, Jae-Sung Kwon
OBJECTIVE: The effect of a resistive jaw-opening exercise using an elastic band on suprahyoid muscle activity and tongue strength was examined in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Twenty-one adults wore an elastic loop around their head and mandible. To prescribe the appropriate elastic band resistance, the 10-repetition maximum (10 RM) was measured among 4 bands at baseline. Band loops, starting with the highest resistance value band, were sequentially applied to determine the suitability for 10 RM...
August 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Vanessa Moraes Cardoso, Gillian de Boer, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka, Eliana Maria Gradim Fabbron, Tim Bressmann
OBJECTIVES: This study establishes normative nasalance values for middle-aged and elderly Brazilian Portuguese-speakers and investigates age and gender effects across the life span. METHODS: Nasalance scores were obtained from 62 middle-aged (45-59 years) and 60 elderly (60-79 years) participants with normal speech for 3 nonnasal, 1 phonetically balanced, and 2 nasal-loaded test sentences using the Nasometer II 6400. The data were combined with a published data set of 237 speakers in 4 groups: children (5-9 years), adolescents (10-19 years), young adults (20-24 years), and mature adults (25-35 years)...
July 24, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Martine Coene, Stefanie Krijger, Eline van Knijff, Matthias Meeuws, Geert De Ceulaer, Paul J Govaerts
PURPOSE: To overcome the potential tension between clinical and ecological validity in speech audiometric assessment by creating a new set of sentence materials with high linguistic validity for the Dutch-speaking area. METHODS: A linguistic "fingerprint" of modern spoken Dutch and Flemish served to generate a set of sentences recorded from 1 male and 1 female talker. The sentences were presented to 30 normal-hearing listeners in stationary speech noise at a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of -5 dB sound pressure level (SPL)...
July 24, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Hemmat Baz, Tamer Belal, Sara Elsherbeny
AIM: To develop a time-efficient Arabic test battery for adult-onset chronic aphasia that provides information about the type and the severity of the disorder. PATIENT AND METHODS: A total of 90 participants were recruited and divided into 3 groups. The groups consisted of 30 adult-onset post-stroke chronic aphasic patients, 30 adult non-aphasic adults with central neurological disorders, and a group of 30 non-brain-damaged healthy adults. All participants were assessed using the Mansoura Arabic Screening Aphasia Test (MASAT), which consists of 4 main sections: (1) language expression abilities including repetition and naming items, (2) language comprehension questions, (3) fluency, and (4) reading, writing and calculation items...
July 17, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Erika Ferraz, Thais Dos Santos Gonçalves, Thais Freire, Tais de Lima Ferreira Mattar, Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Luciana Paula Maximino, Patrícia Abreu Pinheiro Crenitte
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a phonological remediation reading and writing program in individuals with dyslexia, through behavioral and objective evaluations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty children diagnosed with dyslexia, aged 8-14 years, were included in this study. Group I (GI) was composed of 10 children who took part in the program, and group II (GII) consisted of 10 subjects who did not take the remediation. The pre-testing evaluated phonological awareness, rapid naming, working memory, reading and writing of words and nonwords, thematic writing, and auditory evoked potential - P300...
July 12, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Frank Boutsen, Eunsun Park, Justin Dvorak, Christina Cid
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypokinetic dysarthria in Parkinson disease (PD) hinders the ability to verbally communicate and interferes with activities of daily living. SPEAK OUT!® is a therapy program designed to improve functional communicative ability. In contrast to the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment program, SPEAK OUT!® promotes speaking with intent to effect loud speech. This study evaluated the efficacy of SPEAK OUT!® in persons with idiopathic PD in 3 domains: self-reported voice handicap, clinical ratings of dysarthria and prosody, and acoustic analysis of prosody...
July 11, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Manwa L Ng, Nan Yan, Venus Chan, Yang Chen, Paul K Y Lam
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of the laryngectomized vocal tract using formant frequencies reported contradictory findings. Imagining studies of the vocal tract in alaryngeal speakers are limited due to the possible radiation effect as well as the cost and time associated with the studies. The present study examined the vocal tract configuration of laryngectomized individuals using acoustic reflection technology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty alaryngeal and 30 laryngeal male speakers of Cantonese participated in the study...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Aliaa Sabry, Amr M Abdelghany, James L Coyle, Ashraf El-Mitwalli, Tamer Abou-Elsaad
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a low-cost methodology for preparing different thickened liquids with different consistencies and viscosities that mimic the viscosities of culturally relevant traditional Egyptian liquids, which can be easily used in the fiberoptic-endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The textures of 9 traditional Egyptian liquids were quantified with the International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative (IDDSI) Flow Test and spanned the entire range of the IDDSI scale...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Leena Rantala, Eeva Sala, Elina Kankare
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between voice and working postures used during teaching. METHODS: A researcher assessed 30 teachers' typical working postures of the torso, head, shoulders, upper back, and arms by observing and/or asking questions about them. Teachers' options to rest and to adjust furniture according to their needs were also elicited. Voice symptoms were evaluated through 2 self-assessment forms. Fundamental frequency, sound pressure level (SPL), and alpha ratio were calculated from voice samples recorded before, during, and after teaching...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Kim R Bauerly
OBJECTIVE: Changes in second formant frequency fluctuations (FFF2) were examined in adults who stutter (AWS) and adults who do not stutter (ANS) when producing nonwords under varying emotional conditions. METHODS: Ten AWS and 10 ANS viewed images selected from the International Affective Picture System representing dimensions of arousal (e.g., excited versus bored) and hedonic valence (e.g., happy versus sad). Immediately following picture presentation, participants produced a consonant-vowel + final /t/ (CVt) nonword consisting of the initial sounds /p/, /b/, /s/, or /z/, followed by a vowel (/i/, /u/, /ε/) and a final /t/...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Letizia Scarponi, Claudia Maria de Felicio, Chiarella Sforza, Claudia Lucia Pimenta Ferreira, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Stefania Barozzi, Francesco Mozzanica, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Italian OMES (I-OMES). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 3 phases: (1) internal consistency and reliability, (2) validity, and (3) responsiveness analysis. The recruited population included 27 patients with orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD) and 174 healthy volunteers. Forty-seven subjects, 18 healthy and all recruited patients with OMD were assessed for inter-rater and test-retest reliability analysis...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Jelena Todic, Valérie Schweizer, Igor Leuchter
OBJECTIVE: Bamboo nodes are vocal fold lesions, mostly associated with autoimmune diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective clinical study including 10 patients with bamboo nodes. Data were collected regarding associated autoimmune disorder and type of treatment. A systematic review of the literature was conducted. RESULTS: All patients were women, with hoarseness as the most frequent symptom. There was in most cases an associated autoimmune disease: 3 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus; 3 with rheumatoid arthritis; 1 with Sjögren syndrome; 1 with Hashimoto disease; and 1 with mixed connective tissue disease...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Sherif M Askar, Amal S Quriba, Elham M Hassan, Ali M Awad, Ahmad A Bessar
OBJECTIVE: The role of hyoidthyroidpexia (HTP) surgery in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well described with good reported outcomes. The effect of HTP on other laryngeal functions is not well discussed. This study was designed to evaluate voice and swallowing outcomes after HTP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was applied on a selected group of OSA patients. HTP (as a sole procedure) was performed in 17 patients and 14 patients had simultaneous palatal procedures (e...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Renee Fabus, Abbey L Berg, Yula C Serpanos, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of a parental questionnaire to determine its effectiveness as a screening tool in identifying speech-language and/or auditory impairments in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Parents completed speech-language (n = 36) or audiology (n = 23) questionnaires prior to their child's speech-language and/or auditory evaluations. The speech-language and audiology evaluations were conducted by clinicians at three different universities not familiar with the administration and scoring of the parental questionnaires...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Karoline Evangelista da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Anna Alice Almeida, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Jorge Lucero, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the performance of a phonatory deviation diagram (PDD) in discriminating the presence and severity of voice deviation and the predominant voice quality of synthesized voices. METHOD: A speech-language pathologist performed the auditory-perceptual analysis of the synthesized voice (n = 871). The PDD distribution of voice signals was analyzed according to area, quadrant, shape, and density. RESULTS: Differences in signal distribution regarding the PDD area and quadrant were detected when differentiating the signals with and without voice deviation and with different predominant voice quality...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Isadora de Oliveira Lemos, Gabriela da Cunha Pereira, Geraldo Druck SantAnna, Mauriceia Cassol
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effects of a voice therapy program focusing on patients with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 participants diagnosed with MTD, 8 men and 22 women, none of whom was a voice professional. The assessments and reassessments employed the perceptual-auditory protocol GRBASI, measures of maximum phonation times, s/z ratio, and acoustic voice analysis. The voice therapy program included indirect and direct therapy approaches...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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