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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566374/screening-for-dysphagia-perspectives-and-practices-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#1
Margaret Walshe, Megan Ryan, Julie Regan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines place considerable emphasis on early swallow screening, as it has significant impact on patient outcomes. This study aims to examine perspectives and practices of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the Republic of Ireland on swallow screening, exploring challenges in screening methods to improve practice and facilitate research. METHODS: An 18-item web-based survey was devised targeting SLTs working in dysphagia in Republic of Ireland...
March 22, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558741/effects-of-spectral-overlays-on-reading-performance-of-brazilian-elementary-school-children
#2
Ana Carla Oliveira Garcia, Teresa Maria Momensohn-Santos, Douglas de Araújo Vilhena
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of spectral overlays on reading performance of Brazilian elementary school children. METHODS: Sixty-eight children (aged 9-12 years) enrolled in the 5th and 6th grade were included in the study. The Rate of Reading Test (RRT - Brazilian Portuguese version) was used to evaluate reading speed and the Irlen Reading Perceptual Scale was used to allocate the sample according to reading difficulty/discomfort symptoms and to define the optimal spectral overlays...
March 20, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554657/development-and-standardization-of-a-test-for-pragmatic-language-skills-in-egyptian-arabic-the-egyptian-arabic-pragmatic-language-test-eaplt
#3
Mona S Khodeir, Mona A Hegazi, Marwa M Saleh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to standardize an Egyptian Arabic Pragmatic Language Test (EAPLT) using linguistically and socially suitable questions and pictures in order to be able to address specific deficits in this language domain. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Questions and pictures were designed for the EAPLT to assess 3 pragmatic language subsets: pragmatic skills, functions, and factors. Ten expert phoniatricians were asked to review the EAPLT and complete a questionnaire to assess the validity of the test items...
March 19, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533938/uniqueness-point-effects-during-speech-planning-in-adults-who-do-and-do-not-stutter
#4
Geoffrey A Coalson, Courtney T Byrd, Amanda Kuylen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies employing a variety of tasks have demonstrated that adults who stutter (AWS) pre-sent with phonological encoding differences compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS). The present study examined whether atypical preverbal monitoring also influenced AWS performance during one such paradigm - the silent phoneme monitoring task. Specifically, we investigated whether monitoring latencies for AWS were accelerated after the word's uniqueness point - the phoneme that isolates the word from all lexical competitors - as observed for AWNS when monitoring internal and external speech...
March 13, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439270/should-we-use-sentence-or-text-level-tasks-to-measure-oral-language-proficiency-in-year-one-students-following-whole-class-intervention
#5
Maria Lennox, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath
AIMS: To compare students' oral language proficiency on sentence- versus text-level tasks at school entry and following tier 1 intervention in their first year of formal schooling. METHODS: 104 students participated in this study. Participants were part of a broader longitudinal study and were enrolled at 3 low socioeconomic, linguistically diverse Australian primary schools. Tasks were administered to all students at the beginning and end of the school year. Performance on the sentence-level task, the Renfrew Action Picture Test (RAPT), was analysed for information and grammar as per the test manual...
February 13, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421786/speaker-and-observer-perceptions-of-physical-tension-during-stuttering
#6
Seth Tichenor, Paula Leslie, Susan Shaiman, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists routinely assess physical tension during evaluation of those who stutter. If speakers experience tension that is not visible to clinicians, then judgments of severity may be inaccurate. This study addressed this potential discrepancy by comparing judgments of tension by people who stutter and expert clinicians to determine if clinicians could accurately identify the speakers' experience of physical tension. METHOD: Ten adults who stutter were audio-video recorded in two speaking samples...
February 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393222/functional-outcomes-after-behavioral-treatment-of-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-adults
#7
Karen Drake, Andrew D Palmer, Joshua S Schindler, Stephen A Tilles
OBJECTIVE: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is responsive to behavioral therapy, often resulting in a remission of symptoms, but little is known about whether treatment is beneficial with regard to PVFM-associated psychological symptoms or functional limitations. The goal of the study was to identify patient perceptions of the impact of treatment for PVFM and characteristics associated with treatment outcomes. METHODS: A survey was conducted of all adults who had received at least 1 session of treatment for PVFM in our outpatient clinic over a 2-year period...
January 26, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393211/the-radboud-dysarthria-assessment-development-and-clinimetric-evaluation
#8
Simone Knuijt, Johanna G Kalf, Baziel G M van Engelen, Bert J M de Swart, Alexander C H Geurts
OBJECTIVE: In the absence of an adequate dysarthria assessment in the Netherlands, we developed the Radboud Dysarthria Assessment (RDA). This article describes its development and clinimetric evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients were assessed with the RDA. The recording forms were subjected to exploratory factor analysis and estimation of internal consistency. The self-evaluation questionnaire was tested for internal consistency and the severity scale for intra- and inter-rater reliability...
January 26, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402825/relationship-between-activity-noise-voice-parameters-and-voice-symptoms-among-female-teachers
#9
Sirpa Pirilä, Paula Pirilä, Terhi Ansamaa, Anneli Yliherva, Samuel Sonning, Leena Rantala
OBJECTIVE: Our interest was in how teachers' voices behave during the delivery of lessons in core subjects (e.g., mathematics, science, etc.). We sought to evaluate the relationship between voice sound pressure level (SPL), vocal fundamental frequency (F0), voice symptoms, activity noise, and differences therein during the first and the last lessons in core subjects of the day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The participants were 24 female elementary school teachers. Voice symptoms were evaluated by questionnaire...
December 14, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462822/vocal-fry-and-vowel-height-in-simulated-room-acoustics
#10
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Carlos Toshinori Ishi, Eric James Hunter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of room acoustics in the relationship between vowel height and vocal fry. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants (college students, n = 40) read the first six sentences of "The Rainbow Passage" under nine simulated room acoustic conditions. Using two words with low vowels (act, pot) and two words with high vowels (shape, strikes) preceding a voiceless stop, the presence/absence of vocal fry was assessed using an automatic detection script...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462821/the-topography-of-stuttering-in-cantonese
#11
Thomas Law, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Carol K-S To, Michael C-F Tong, Kathy Y-S Lee
OBJECTIVE: This is the first study to investigate the behavioral nature (topography) of stuttering in Cantonese. Cantonese, a Sino-Tibetan language, is both tonal and syllable-timed. Previous studies of stuttering topography have mainly been in Western languages, which are mainly stress-timed. METHODS: Conversational speech samples were collected from 24 native Cantonese-speaking adults who stuttered. Six consecutive stuttering moments from each participant were analyzed using the Lidcombe behavioral data language (LBDL)...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346796/background-factors-and-subjective-voice-symptoms-in-patients-with-acquired-vocal-fold-scarring-and-sulcus-vocalis
#12
Emma Malmström, Stellan Hertegård
OBJECTIVE: Vocal fold scarring (VFS) and sulcus vocalis (SV) often result in severe and chronic voice disorders. This study compares subjective voice complaints as rated with the Voice Handicap Index and etiological factors for patients with VFS and SV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, for 27 VFS patients and 27 SV patients. Descriptive background factors were compared between the groups and data were compared from the Swedish Voice Handicap Index (Sw-VHI) questionnaires...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346787/speech-and-communication-changes-reported-by-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Ellika Schalling, Kerstin Johansson, Lena Hartelius
BACKGROUND: Changes in communicative functions are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there are only limited data provided by individuals with PD on how these changes are perceived, what their consequences are, and what type of intervention is provided. AIM: To present self-reported information about speech and communication, the impact on communicative participation, and the amount and type of speech-language pathology services received by people with PD. METHODS: Respondents with PD recruited via the Swedish Parkinson's Disease Society filled out a questionnaire accessed via a Web link or provided in a paper version...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248932/neurobiological-bases-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-implications-for-early-intervention-a-brief-overview
#14
Kakia Petinou, Despo Minaidou
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and implications for intervention, the current paper reports on research related to the neurobiological underpinnings of ASD and the implication for early intervention with a focus on the importance of joint attention and eye gaze behaviors. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: An overview is provided on the available research findings from the fields of social neuroscience and experimental psychology specific to brain development, brain pathology, eye gaze, and joint attention behaviors...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248927/differentiating-autism-from-typical-development-preliminary-findings-of-greek-versions-of-a-pragmatic-language-and-social-communication-questionnaire
#15
Yvette Hyter, Ioannis Vogindroukas, Evripidis-Nikolaos Chelas, Konstantinos Paparizos, Eleni Kivrakidou, Vasiliki Kaloudi
OBJECTIVE: A social pragmatic communication disorder is one of the primary characteristics of children with autism. Although several measures of pragmatics and social communication exist, many are not comprehensive, do not examine the quality of interactions across contexts and interlocutors, and cannot be easily administered and interpreted. The aim of this article is to report on preliminary data collected using the Greek version of comprehensive social communication and pragmatic language questionnaires completed by parents and teachers interacting with young children in different contexts...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248926/comprehension-of-narrow-focus-by-adolescents-in-the-autism-spectrum
#16
Osnat Segal, Dafna Kaplan, Smadar Patael, Liat Kishon-Rabin
OBJECTIVE: The study compared the performance of adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) to that of age-matched peers with typical development (TD) and cognitive language-matched peers with TD on measures of identification and comprehension of "narrow focus." PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine participants, 17 autistic, 17 TD peers matched for age and sex, and 15 TD children matched for expressive vocabulary participated in the study. METHOD: The Hebrew Narrow Focus Test (HNFT) was used...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248925/morpho-orthographic-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-case-of-hebrew-orthography
#17
Sara Ferman, Amalia Bar-On
OBJECTIVE: Most studies on word reading in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focus on graphemic-phonemic decoding and the direct orthographic route. To extend the scope, we investigated morpho-orthographic identification beyond graphemic-phonemic abilities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The original study included 31 sixth-grade children with ASD and comparison groups of typically developing (TD) children: 23 age-matched children, 15 third-graders, and 17 second-graders...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248918/issues-in-identification-and-assessment-of-children-with-autism-and-a-proposed-resource-toolkit-for-speech-language-pathologists
#18
Yvette Hus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased significantly in the last decade as have treatment choices. Nonetheless, the vastly diverse autism topic includes issues related to naming, description, iden-tification, assessment, and differentiation from other neu-rodevelopmental conditions. ASD issues directly impact speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who often see these children as the second contact, after pediatric medical practitioners. Because of shared symptomology, differentiation among neurodevelopmental disorders is crucial as it impacts treatment, educational choices, and the performance trajectory of affected children...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248917/the-home-literacy-environment-of-preschool-age-children-with-autism-or-down-syndrome
#19
Marleen Westerveld, Anne K van Bysterveldt
AIMS: This exploratory study investigated if there were differences in the home literacy environment of preschool children on the autism spectrum and preschool children with Down syndrome to determine if the home literacy environment may potentially be associated with strengths or weaknesses in children's social communication skills. METHODS: A total of 111 parents of preschoolers with identified disabilities completed a home literacy questionnaire. RESULTS: Results indicated that both groups of parents started reading to their children at an early age and owned at least 25 children's books...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248916/foreword
#20
Gail Gillon, Yvette Hyter, Marleen Westerveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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