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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456801/variability-in-ultrasound-measurement-of-hyoid-bone-displacement-and-submental-muscle-size-using-2-methods-of-data-acquisition
#1
Sarah E Perry, Corina J Winkelman, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
OBJECTIVE: This study compares variability in measures of hyoid bone displacement and submental muscle size using 2 methods of ultrasound transducer placement: fixed and hand-held. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four healthy participants (11 males, 13 females) aged between 51 and 84 years were scanned using both methods. Repeated measures were collected within and across 3 sessions. RESULTS: A nonlinear mixed effects model was used to estimate the effects of the method, trial, and session...
April 29, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399528/phonological-process-occurrence-in-typically-developing-toddlers
#2
Kakia Petinou, Spyros Armostis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study examined the phonological development in Cypriot Greek (CG)-speaking, typically developing (TD) toddlers for the purpose of observing occurrences of initial consonant deletion (ICD), regressive assimilation (RAS), and their interactive relationship as a function of time. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 8 CG-speaking TD toddlers assessed longitudinally at ages 24-28 and 32-36 months. Word targets from spontaneously produced utterances via language sample collection were analyzed for the percentage of occurrence of ICD and RAS...
April 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736811/the-atlanta-motor-speech-disorders-corpus-motivation-development-and-utility
#3
Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694747/language-development-of-three-to-twelve-year-old-twins-compared-to-singletons
#4
Evelien Dʼhaeseleer, Eline Geenens, Sarah Parmentier, Paul Corthals, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The language development of twins tends to lag behind in comparison to that of singletons. The purpose of this study was to compare expressive and receptive language skills of 3- to 12-year-old twins with singletons. Secondly, correlations between language differences between twins and singletons and age were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four twins with a mean age of 5.1 years participated in the study. The control group consisted of 24 singletons who were matched for gender and age...
October 1, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684629/factors-influencing-quality-of-life-six-months-after-a-first-ever-ischemic-stroke-focus-on-thrombolyzed-patients
#5
Sari Numminen, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila, Teija Kulkas, Heikki Numminen, Prasun Dastidar, Mervi Jehkonen
OBJECTIVE: This prospective follow-up study aimed to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors that may affect the quality of life (QoL) of patients with acute ischemic stroke during a 6-month follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the acute phase, sociodemographic and clinical data were collected using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, Barthel Index, and modified Rankin Scale. QoL was assessed with the Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale-39 6 months after stroke...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684522/effectiveness-of-the-language-intervention-programme-for-preschool-children
#6
Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584050/voice-range-profiles-of-singing-students-the-effects-of-training-duration-and-institution
#7
Hugo Lycke, Nora Siupsinskiene
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess differences in voice parameters measured by the physiological voice range profile (VRP) in groups of vocally healthy subjects differentiated by the duration of vocal training and the training institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six basic frequency- and intensity-related VRP parameters and the frequency dip of the register transition zone were determined from VRP recordings of 162 females studying in individual singing lessons (1st-5th level) in Dutch, Belgian, English, and French public or private training facilities...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583970/preschoolers-performance-on-the-brazilian-adaptation-of-the-preschool-language-assessment-instrument-second-edition
#8
Tâmara Andrade Lindau, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Celia Maria Giacheti
PURPOSE: The objective was to test whether the Brazilian version of the Preschool Language Assessment Instrument - Second Edition (PLAI-2) has the potential to assess and identify differences in typical language development of Portuguese-speaking preschoolers. METHODS: The study included 354 children of both genders with typical language development who were between the ages of 3 years and 5 years 11 months. The version of the PLAI-2 previously translated into Brazilian Portuguese was used to assess the communication skills of these preschool-age children...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583711/appropriateness-of-using-autism-spectrum-disorders-screening-tools-in-a-hearing-evaluation-service
#9
Fernanda Prada Machado, Ruth Ramalho Ruivo Palladino, Lilian Lobo Damasceno, Maria Claudia Cunha
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to test the appropriateness of using autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening tools in a hearing evaluation service. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-one children with a mean age of 2.8 years, of whom 33 (80.5%) were boys, were evaluated in an audiological diagnostic service using ASD screening tools that had been validated for use in Brazil and recommended by the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: 82% of the subjects referred to the hearing diagnostic service over 18 months did not show any type of hearing loss, but 60% had early signs of autism...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253505/event-related-potentials-reflect-deficits-in-lexical-access-the-n200-in-prematurely-born-school-aged-children
#10
Pirjo Korpilahti, Marita Valkama, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
OBJECTIVES: Children born preterm have a high prevalence of neurocognitive deficits early in life. We examined whether the neural correlates of lexical access are atypical in 9-year-old children born preterm, and whether the findings of acoustic mapping correlate with language- and attention-related skills. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects were fourteen 9-year-old children born preterm and 14 full-term, typically developing controls. Two auditory event-related potential (ERP) components, the N200 and the N400, were used to assess discrimination response and word recognition...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171875/applicability-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-to-the-assessment-of-the-vocal-tract-before-and-after-vocal-exercises-in-normal-subjects
#11
Elisângela Zacanti Garcia, Hélio Kiitiro Yamashita, Davi Sousa Garcia, Marina Martins Pereira Padovani, Renata Rangel Azevedo, Brasília Maria Chiari
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), which represents an alternative to traditional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, may be a useful instrument to study vocal tract physiology related to vocal exercises. This study aims to evaluate the applicability of CBCT to the assessment of variations in the vocal tract of healthy individuals before and after vocal exercises. METHODS: Voice recordings and CBCT images before and after vocal exercises performed by 3 speech-language pathologists without vocal complaints were collected and compared...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125803/speech-characteristics-in-female-students-training-to-be-speech-language-pathologists
#12
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sophia De Ley, Marjan Cosyns, Els Desomer, Jasmien De Mesel, George Van Maele, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the speech characteristics regarding speech intelligibility, voice, articulation, and fluency in future speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Additionally, in 31 SLP students the differences in speech characteristics between the first bachelor and the master year were measured. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The data of the screening assessments of 600 future SLPs (mean age: 18.4 years) of the first bachelor year were analyzed (period 1995-2010)...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118637/speech-characteristics-and-intelligibility-in-adults-with-mild-and-moderate-intellectual-disabilities
#13
Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Hayo Terband, Ad F M Snik, Ben A M Maassen
PURPOSE: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) often show reduced speech intelligibility, which affects their social interaction skills. This study aims to establish the main predictors of this reduced intelligibility in order to ultimately optimise management. METHOD: Spontaneous speech and picture naming tasks were recorded in 36 adults with mild or moderate ID. Twenty-five naïve listeners rated the intelligibility of the spontaneous speech samples. Performance on the picture-naming task was analysed by means of a phonological error analysis based on expert transcriptions...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118633/the-effect-of-loud-voice-and-clear-speech-on-the-use-of-vocal-fry-in-women
#14
Alison Behrman, Ali Akhund
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of clear speech and loud voice on the use of vocal fry in women. METHODS: Twenty healthy-voiced young women who used a moderate amount of vocal fry when reading aloud in conversational-style speech (defined as a minimum of three occurrences per sentence) also read the same stimuli in loud voice and clear speech. The occurrence of vocal fry was assessed in the three speaking styles. Intensity and fundamental frequency levels in each condition were obtained to help interpret the findings...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006768/outgoing-editor-in-chief-s-farewell-message
#15
Gary Weismer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923221/influence-of-voice-focus-on-oral-nasal-balance-in-speakers-of-brazilian-portuguese
#16
Gillian de Boer, Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Larissa Cristina Berti, Eliana Maria Gradim Fabron, Tim Bressmann
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether a change in speaking voice focus affects the oral-nasal balance. The investigation was undertaken with different phonetic materials in speakers of Brazilian Portuguese, which features phonological and phonetic vowel nasalization. METHODS: Ten females read oral, balanced oral-nasal, and nasal loaded sentences in their normal voice, and with a backward focus and a forward focus. Nasalance scores were collected with a Nasometer 6400...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915345/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-and-improved-voice-despite-discontinuation-of-treatment
#17
Ahmed Geneid, Per-Åke Lindestad, Svante Granqvist, Riitta Möller, Maria Södersten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate voice function in patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) who discontinued botulinum toxin (BTX) treatment because they felt that their voice had improved sufficiently. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients quit treatment in 2004, of whom 20 fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the study, with 3 subsequently excluded because of return of symptoms, leaving 17 patients (11 males, 6 females) included in this follow-up study. A questionnaire concerning current voice function and the Voice Handicap Index were completed...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915338/verbal-fluency-tasks-effects-of-age-gender-and-education
#18
Dalia Santos Nogueira, Elizabeth Azevedo Reis, Ana Vieira
OBJECTIVES: This study presents data for semantic fluency, phonemic fluency, action fluency, and alternate fluency. The aim is to provide normative data by age, gender, and education for European Portuguese in each fluency category. METHODS: Norms for the verbal fluency task were collected from a volunteer population of 444 healthy Portuguese participants. Multiple regression analysis with age, gender, and education as independent variables was performed for the semantic fluency global score, and these variables were considered separately for each phonemic category...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915336/effects-of-nasal-obstruction-due-to-nasal-polyposis-on-nasal-resonance-and-voice-perception
#19
Fatih Arslan, Bahtiyar Polat, Abdullah Durmaz, Hakan Birkent
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use subjective and objective methods to investigate the effects of total or nearly total nasal obstruction due to nasal polyposis on nasal resonance and voice perception. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 63 nasal polyposis patients (53 men and 10 women), aged between 19 and 72 years (mean age 37.01 ± 13.70), were included in the study. The severity of the nasal obstruction was assessed using a visual analog scale. Nasal resonance and voice perception were evaluated subjectively by the voice handicap index (VHI)-10 questionnaire and objectively by computerized analysis (nasometry) before and after treatment of patients with nasal polyposis...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915332/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-narrative-abilities-in-a-group-of-italian-normally-developing-children
#20
Francesco Mozzanica, Federico Ambrogi, Renata Salvadorini, Elena Sai, Raffaella Pozzoli, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: Only limited and conflicting information is available regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and narrative abilities. Besides, the role fathers' SES plays in the development of their children's narrative abilities has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between fathers' and mothers' SES and narrative abilities of their children assessed with the Italian version of the Bus Story Test (I-BST). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 505 normally developing Italian children were enrolled in the study...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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