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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Evelien Dʼhaeseleer, Eline Geenens, Sarah Parmentier, Paul Corthals, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The language development of twins tends to lag behind in comparison to that of singletons. The purpose of this study was to compare expressive and receptive language skills of 3- to 12-year-old twins with singletons. Secondly, correlations between language differences between twins and singletons and age were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four twins with a mean age of 5.1 years participated in the study. The control group consisted of 24 singletons who were matched for gender and age...
October 1, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Sari Numminen, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila, Teija Kulkas, Heikki Numminen, Prasun Dastidar, Mervi Jehkonen
OBJECTIVE: This prospective follow-up study aimed to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors that may affect the quality of life (QoL) of patients with acute ischemic stroke during a 6-month follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the acute phase, sociodemographic and clinical data were collected using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, Barthel Index, and modified Rankin Scale. QoL was assessed with the Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale-39 6 months after stroke...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Hugo Lycke, Nora Siupsinskiene
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess differences in voice parameters measured by the physiological voice range profile (VRP) in groups of vocally healthy subjects differentiated by the duration of vocal training and the training institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six basic frequency- and intensity-related VRP parameters and the frequency dip of the register transition zone were determined from VRP recordings of 162 females studying in individual singing lessons (1st-5th level) in Dutch, Belgian, English, and French public or private training facilities...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Tâmara Andrade Lindau, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Celia Maria Giacheti
PURPOSE: The objective was to test whether the Brazilian version of the Preschool Language Assessment Instrument - Second Edition (PLAI-2) has the potential to assess and identify differences in typical language development of Portuguese-speaking preschoolers. METHODS: The study included 354 children of both genders with typical language development who were between the ages of 3 years and 5 years 11 months. The version of the PLAI-2 previously translated into Brazilian Portuguese was used to assess the communication skills of these preschool-age children...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Fernanda Prada Machado, Ruth Ramalho Ruivo Palladino, Lilian Lobo Damasceno, Maria Claudia Cunha
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to test the appropriateness of using autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening tools in a hearing evaluation service. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-one children with a mean age of 2.8 years, of whom 33 (80.5%) were boys, were evaluated in an audiological diagnostic service using ASD screening tools that had been validated for use in Brazil and recommended by the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: 82% of the subjects referred to the hearing diagnostic service over 18 months did not show any type of hearing loss, but 60% had early signs of autism...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Marziye Eshghi, Mehdi Alemi, David J Zajac
OBJECTIVE: To investigate aerodynamic and laryngeal factors associated with place-dependent voice onset time (VOT) differences. METHODS: The speech materials were /p∧, t∧, k∧/, each produced 15 times by 10 adult English speakers in the carrier phrase "say __ again". The sound pressure level was targeted within a ±3 dB range. Intraoral air pressure (Po) was obtained using a buccal-sulcus approach. VOT, Po, maximum Po declination rate (MPDR), duration of the laryngeal devoicing gesture (LDG), occlusion duration, and the duration of the Po drop to baseline (atmosphere) to the onset of voicing (PDOV) were determined for each stop...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Lucie Ménard, Dominique Côté, Pamela Trudeau-Fisette
OBJECTIVES: The effects of increased speaking rates on vowels have been well documented in sighted adults. It has been reported that in fast speech, vowels are less widely spaced acoustically than in their citation form. Vowel space compression has also been reported in congenitally blind speakers. The objective of the study was to investigate the interaction of vision and speaking rate in adult speakers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Contrast distances between vowels were examined in conversational and fast speech produced by 10 congenitally blind and 10 sighted French-Canadian adults...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Meng-Ju Tsai
OBJECTIVE: This tutorial paper is to explore the novel nature of communicative competence in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) practice by comparing it to communicative competence in naturally verbal dyadic communication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This paper first reviews the four domains of communicative competence in AAC practice. Second, it examines competence in dyadic communications between naturally verbal people without disabilities, deriving new insights and using these to analyze the evolution of communicative competence in AAC practice...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Ozra Aghadoost, Negin Moradi, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Alireza Aghadoost, Ehsan Naderifar, Siavash Mohammadi Dehbokri
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the total score and subscale scores of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in speakers with and without hearing loss. A further aim was to determine if a correlation exists between severities of hearing loss with total scores and VHI subscale scores. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study, 100 participants, divided in 2 groups of participants with and without hearing loss, were studied...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Jossie Nóbrega, Marisa Lousada, Daniela Figueiredo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adults with acquired communication and swallowing disorders secondary to dementia can benefit from speech and language therapy services. However, there is limited information on the role of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the treatment of individuals with dementia. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical practice of SLTs with adults with dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of SLTs was conducted in Portugal using a web-based questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Sarah E Perry, Corina J Winkelman, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
OBJECTIVE: This study compares variability in measures of hyoid bone displacement and submental muscle size using 2 methods of ultrasound transducer placement: fixed and hand-held. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four healthy participants (11 males, 13 females) aged between 51 and 84 years were scanned using both methods. Repeated measures were collected within and across 3 sessions. RESULTS: A nonlinear mixed effects model was used to estimate the effects of the method, trial, and session...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Kakia Petinou, Spyros Armostis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study examined the phonological development in Cypriot Greek (CG)-speaking, typically developing (TD) toddlers for the purpose of observing occurrences of initial consonant deletion (ICD), regressive assimilation (RAS), and their interactive relationship as a function of time. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 8 CG-speaking TD toddlers assessed longitudinally at ages 24-28 and 32-36 months. Word targets from spontaneously produced utterances via language sample collection were analyzed for the percentage of occurrence of ICD and RAS...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Pirjo Korpilahti, Marita Valkama, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
OBJECTIVES: Children born preterm have a high prevalence of neurocognitive deficits early in life. We examined whether the neural correlates of lexical access are atypical in 9-year-old children born preterm, and whether the findings of acoustic mapping correlate with language- and attention-related skills. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects were fourteen 9-year-old children born preterm and 14 full-term, typically developing controls. Two auditory event-related potential (ERP) components, the N200 and the N400, were used to assess discrimination response and word recognition...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Elisângela Zacanti Garcia, Hélio Kiitiro Yamashita, Davi Sousa Garcia, Marina Martins Pereira Padovani, Renata Rangel Azevedo, Brasília Maria Chiari
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), which represents an alternative to traditional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, may be a useful instrument to study vocal tract physiology related to vocal exercises. This study aims to evaluate the applicability of CBCT to the assessment of variations in the vocal tract of healthy individuals before and after vocal exercises. METHODS: Voice recordings and CBCT images before and after vocal exercises performed by 3 speech-language pathologists without vocal complaints were collected and compared...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sophia De Ley, Marjan Cosyns, Els Desomer, Jasmien De Mesel, George Van Maele, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the speech characteristics regarding speech intelligibility, voice, articulation, and fluency in future speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Additionally, in 31 SLP students the differences in speech characteristics between the first bachelor and the master year were measured. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The data of the screening assessments of 600 future SLPs (mean age: 18.4 years) of the first bachelor year were analyzed (period 1995-2010)...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Hayo Terband, Ad F M Snik, Ben A M Maassen
PURPOSE: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) often show reduced speech intelligibility, which affects their social interaction skills. This study aims to establish the main predictors of this reduced intelligibility in order to ultimately optimise management. METHOD: Spontaneous speech and picture naming tasks were recorded in 36 adults with mild or moderate ID. Twenty-five naïve listeners rated the intelligibility of the spontaneous speech samples. Performance on the picture-naming task was analysed by means of a phonological error analysis based on expert transcriptions...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Alison Behrman, Ali Akhund
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of clear speech and loud voice on the use of vocal fry in women. METHODS: Twenty healthy-voiced young women who used a moderate amount of vocal fry when reading aloud in conversational-style speech (defined as a minimum of three occurrences per sentence) also read the same stimuli in loud voice and clear speech. The occurrence of vocal fry was assessed in the three speaking styles. Intensity and fundamental frequency levels in each condition were obtained to help interpret the findings...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Gary Weismer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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