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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241214/nasalance-variability-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-during-production-of-speech-stimulus-in-three-vowel-contexts
#1
Seunghee Ha, Ilsan Shin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether age and vowel contexts influence test-retest nasalance score variability in typically developing Korean children. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five 3- to 5-year-old children with normal speech and resonance participated in the study. METHODS: All subjects were asked to repeat three 4-syllable speech stimuli in high, low, or mixed vowel contexts twice after the examiner. An immediate test-retest nasalance score was assessed with no headgear change...
December 14, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232686/the-effect-of-classroom-capacity-on-vocal-fatigue-as-quantified-by-the-vocal-fatigue-index
#2
Russell E Banks, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has concluded that teachers are at a higher-than-normal risk for voice issues that can cause occupational limitations. While some risk factors have been identified, there are still many unknowns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed electronically with 506 female teacher respondents. The survey included questions to quantify three aspects of vocal fatigue as captured by the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI): (1) general tiredness of voice (performance), (2) physical discomfort associated with voicing (pain), and (3) improvement of symptoms with rest (recovery)...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232674/speech-and-language-pathologists-voice-use-in-working-environments-a-field-study-using-ambulatory-phonation-monitoring
#3
Francesco Mozzanica, Alessandro Selvaggio, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the speech and language pathologists' (SLPs) voice production during a typical working day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 SLPs, all females, were enrolled. According to the type of treated disease, the cohort of SLPs was divided into 4 groups (7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphagic adult clients; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of deaf children; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphonic adult clients; and 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of aphasic adult clients)...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232672/use-of-a-novel-device-to-assess-intraoral-and-intrapharyngeal-baropressure-during-sound-production
#4
Toshiki Sakuma, Masayuki Kurose, Keiichiro Okamoto, Mana Hasegawa, Noritaka Fujii, Yousuke Nakatani, Ritsuo Takagi, Taisuke Sato, Yasumitsu Kodama, Rei Ominato, Kensuke Yamamura, Yoshiaki Yamada
OBJECTIVE: We developed a novel device that simultaneously measures oral and intrapharyngeal baropressure. The transducer has the advantage that it can be placed in any region. We determined the effect of different speech samples on baropressure in these regions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven healthy individuals produced speech samples comprising vowels and consonants (e.g., /aka/, /apa/, and /ash/). Two transducers were installed into the experimental plate at the incisive papillae and center of the Ah-line; a third transducer was placed in the mid-pharyngeal cavity...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232666/validation-of-the-hebrew-version-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-10-h-eat-10
#5
Sara Abu-Ghanem, Melissa Schechter, Hanna Flesh-Eyni, Liat Litwin, Esti Makai, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Moshe Yehuda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a common disability with different etiologies. In order to measure dysphagia symptom severity and effects on quality of life, the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) was developed and validated in the English language. We aimed to develop a Hebrew version of the EAT-10 and to evaluate its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and validity in Hebrew-speaking adults with dysphagia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Hebrew EAT-10 (H-EAT-10) questionnaire was completed by 132 patients: 56 patients with dysphagia and 76 controls...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136615/videokymographic-visualization-of-phonasthenia-a-nonorganic-voice-disorder
#6
Mariam Salah Shadi, Mona A Hegazi, Jilan F Nassar, Samia Bassiouny, Sally Sarwat, Marwa M Saleh
BACKGROUND: Phonasthenia is a voice disorder where the larynx looks essentially normal and dysphonia is not heard but felt by the patient. This study aims to use videokymography (VKG) to detect any abnormalities in the vibratory pattern in phonasthenia and to find out whether or not these abnormalities change after vocal loading. METHODS: Thirty-seven phonasthenic patients and 31 normal subjects participated in a detailed protocol, including analysis of subjective complaints and videokymographic quasi-objective parameters (baseline) followed by loading their voices through prolonged loud reading for 45 min...
November 14, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176312/validation-of-a-paediatric-speech-and-language-screening-ralf
#7
Marisa Lousada, Ana Rita S Valente, Ana Mendes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to analyse psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese Paediatric Speech and Language Screening (RALF) test. METHODS: 202 Portuguese children aged 3; 0-5; 11 were recruited from 4 kindergartens participating in this study. Reliability and validity (sensitivity and specificity) data were obtained and analysed. RESULTS: Content validity, analysed by an expert panel (general practitioner, kindergarten, teacher, nurse, and speech and language pathologist) revealed that the items were representative and relevant for the content the instrument intends to measure...
October 26, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736811/the-atlanta-motor-speech-disorders-corpus-motivation-development-and-utility
#8
Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694747/language-development-of-three-to-twelve-year-old-twins-compared-to-singletons
#9
Evelien Dʼhaeseleer, Eline Geenens, Sarah Parmentier, Paul Corthals, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The language development of twins tends to lag behind in comparison to that of singletons. The purpose of this study was to compare expressive and receptive language skills of 3- to 12-year-old twins with singletons. Secondly, correlations between language differences between twins and singletons and age were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four twins with a mean age of 5.1 years participated in the study. The control group consisted of 24 singletons who were matched for gender and age...
October 1, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684629/factors-influencing-quality-of-life-six-months-after-a-first-ever-ischemic-stroke-focus-on-thrombolyzed-patients
#10
Sari Numminen, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila, Teija Kulkas, Heikki Numminen, Prasun Dastidar, Mervi Jehkonen
OBJECTIVE: This prospective follow-up study aimed to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors that may affect the quality of life (QoL) of patients with acute ischemic stroke during a 6-month follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the acute phase, sociodemographic and clinical data were collected using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, Barthel Index, and modified Rankin Scale. QoL was assessed with the Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale-39 6 months after stroke...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684522/effectiveness-of-the-language-intervention-programme-for-preschool-children
#11
Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584050/voice-range-profiles-of-singing-students-the-effects-of-training-duration-and-institution
#12
Hugo Lycke, Nora Siupsinskiene
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess differences in voice parameters measured by the physiological voice range profile (VRP) in groups of vocally healthy subjects differentiated by the duration of vocal training and the training institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six basic frequency- and intensity-related VRP parameters and the frequency dip of the register transition zone were determined from VRP recordings of 162 females studying in individual singing lessons (1st-5th level) in Dutch, Belgian, English, and French public or private training facilities...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583970/preschoolers-performance-on-the-brazilian-adaptation-of-the-preschool-language-assessment-instrument-second-edition
#13
Tâmara Andrade Lindau, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Celia Maria Giacheti
PURPOSE: The objective was to test whether the Brazilian version of the Preschool Language Assessment Instrument - Second Edition (PLAI-2) has the potential to assess and identify differences in typical language development of Portuguese-speaking preschoolers. METHODS: The study included 354 children of both genders with typical language development who were between the ages of 3 years and 5 years 11 months. The version of the PLAI-2 previously translated into Brazilian Portuguese was used to assess the communication skills of these preschool-age children...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583711/appropriateness-of-using-autism-spectrum-disorders-screening-tools-in-a-hearing-evaluation-service
#14
Fernanda Prada Machado, Ruth Ramalho Ruivo Palladino, Lilian Lobo Damasceno, Maria Claudia Cunha
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to test the appropriateness of using autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening tools in a hearing evaluation service. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-one children with a mean age of 2.8 years, of whom 33 (80.5%) were boys, were evaluated in an audiological diagnostic service using ASD screening tools that had been validated for use in Brazil and recommended by the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: 82% of the subjects referred to the hearing diagnostic service over 18 months did not show any type of hearing loss, but 60% had early signs of autism...
September 2, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768266/aerodynamic-and-laryngeal-characteristics-of-place-dependent-voice-onset-time-differences
#15
Marziye Eshghi, Mehdi Alemi, David J Zajac
OBJECTIVE: To investigate aerodynamic and laryngeal factors associated with place-dependent voice onset time (VOT) differences. METHODS: The speech materials were /p∧, t∧, k∧/, each produced 15 times by 10 adult English speakers in the carrier phrase "say __ again". The sound pressure level was targeted within a ±3 dB range. Intraoral air pressure (Po) was obtained using a buccal-sulcus approach. VOT, Po, maximum Po declination rate (MPDR), duration of the laryngeal devoicing gesture (LDG), occlusion duration, and the duration of the Po drop to baseline (atmosphere) to the onset of voicing (PDOV) were determined for each stop...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746935/maintaining-distinctiveness-at-increased-speaking-rates-a-comparison-between-congenitally-blind-and-sighted-speakers
#16
Lucie Ménard, Dominique Côté, Pamela Trudeau-Fisette
OBJECTIVES: The effects of increased speaking rates on vowels have been well documented in sighted adults. It has been reported that in fast speech, vowels are less widely spaced acoustically than in their citation form. Vowel space compression has also been reported in congenitally blind speakers. The objective of the study was to investigate the interaction of vision and speaking rate in adult speakers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Contrast distances between vowels were examined in conversational and fast speech produced by 10 congenitally blind and 10 sighted French-Canadian adults...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658678/revisiting-communicative-competence-in-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#17
Meng-Ju Tsai
OBJECTIVE: This tutorial paper is to explore the novel nature of communicative competence in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) practice by comparing it to communicative competence in naturally verbal dyadic communication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This paper first reviews the four domains of communicative competence in AAC practice. Second, it examines competence in dyadic communications between naturally verbal people without disabilities, deriving new insights and using these to analyze the evolution of communicative competence in AAC practice...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624826/voice-handicap-index-in-persian-speakers-with-various-severities-of-hearing-loss
#18
Ozra Aghadoost, Negin Moradi, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Alireza Aghadoost, Ehsan Naderifar, Siavash Mohammadi Dehbokri
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the total score and subscale scores of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in speakers with and without hearing loss. A further aim was to determine if a correlation exists between severities of hearing loss with total scores and VHI subscale scores. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study, 100 participants, divided in 2 groups of participants with and without hearing loss, were studied...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624817/exploring-the-clinical-practice-of-speech-and-language-therapists-with-adults-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-portugal
#19
Jossie Nóbrega, Marisa Lousada, Daniela Figueiredo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adults with acquired communication and swallowing disorders secondary to dementia can benefit from speech and language therapy services. However, there is limited information on the role of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the treatment of individuals with dementia. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical practice of SLTs with adults with dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of SLTs was conducted in Portugal using a web-based questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456801/variability-in-ultrasound-measurement-of-hyoid-bone-displacement-and-submental-muscle-size-using-2-methods-of-data-acquisition
#20
Sarah E Perry, Corina J Winkelman, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
OBJECTIVE: This study compares variability in measures of hyoid bone displacement and submental muscle size using 2 methods of ultrasound transducer placement: fixed and hand-held. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four healthy participants (11 males, 13 females) aged between 51 and 84 years were scanned using both methods. Repeated measures were collected within and across 3 sessions. RESULTS: A nonlinear mixed effects model was used to estimate the effects of the method, trial, and session...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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