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Oncology Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737831/royal-jelly-lipophilic-fraction-induces-antiproliferative-effects-on-sh-sy5y-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#1
Angelo Gismondi, Eleonora Trionfera, Lorena Canuti, Gabriele Di Marco, Antonella Canini
Royal jelly (RJ) is one the most important bee product because it strongly influences the larval development in the hive, including the queen bee. In literature, RJ is known for its antioxidant, immunoregulatory, antifungal, antibiotical, erythropoietic, hypoglycemic, anticholesteremic, antithyroidic, anti-osteoporotic and estrogenic properties. However, it is surprising how rare the scientific evidence about RJ antineoplastic capacity are. That being said, we investigated, for the first time, the in vitro bioactivity of six different RJs on the growth of three different mammalian cell lines: immortalized murine myoblasts (C2C12), human prostate cancer (PC3) and human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y)...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737830/role-of-triosephosphate-isomerase-and-downstream-functional-genes-on-gastric-cancer
#2
Tingting Chen, Zhigang Huang, Yunxiao Tian, Haiwei Wang, Ping Ouyang, Haoqin Chen, Lili Wu, Bode Lin, Rongwei He
Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) is highly expressed in many types of human tumors and is involved in migration and invasion of cancer cells. However, TPI clinicopathological significance and malignant function in gastric cancer (GC) have not been well defined. The present study aimed to examine TPI expression in GC tissue and its biological functions. Furthermore, we investigated its downstream genes by gene chip technology. Our results showed that TPI expression was higher in gastric cancer tissues than adjacent tissues, although no statistical differences were found between TPI expression and clinicopathological factors...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737828/taz-inhibition-restores-sensitivity-of-cisplatin-via-akt-mtor-signaling-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
Wei Xu, Yunyan Wei, Yue Li, Yuan Yin, Weiwei Yuan, Yan Yang, Weihong Zhao, Jianqing Wu
The cisplatin-based doublet remains the foundation of treatment for the majority of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, many patients exhibit acquired drug resistance. Transcriptional co-activator with PDZ binding motif (TAZ) is an oncogene in lung cancer, important for lung tumorigenesis and metastasis. Recently, it was revealed that TAZ upregulation confers resistance against a diverse range of cytotoxic agents. The present study aimed to investigate whether TAZ is involved in cisplatin sensitivity in lung adenocarcinoma...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737827/cytotoxic-and-chemosensitization-effects-of-scutellarin-from-traditional-chinese-herb-scutellaria%C3%A2-altissima%C3%A2-l-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#4
Chen Gao, Yinglu Zhou, Zhongling Jiang, Yuan Zhao, Dongjun Zhang, Xia Cong, Rongfeng Cao, Huatao Li, Wenru Tian
Scutellaria altissima L. is a common traditional Chinese medicine used to treat inflammation in some countries. Scutellarin, an active major flavone glycoside isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Scutellaria altissima L., has been shown to offer various beneficial biochemical effects on cerebrovascular diseases and inflammation. However, the antiproliferative effects of Scutellarin in prostate cancer and the underlying mechanism are not fully elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to ascertain whether Scutellarin inhibits cancer cell growth and to further explore the molecular mechanism...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737825/combination-of-rapamycin-and-garlic-derived-s-allylmercaptocysteine-induces-colon-cancer-cell-apoptosis-and-suppresses-tumor-growth-in-xenograft-nude-mice-through-autophagy-p62-nrf2-pathway
#5
Siying Li, Guang Yang, Xiaosong Zhu, Lin Cheng, Yueyue Sun, Zhongxi Zhao
The natural plant-derived product S-allylmercapto-cysteine (SAMC) has been studied in cancer therapy as a single and combination chemotherapeutic agent. The present study was employed to verify the combination use of SAMC and rapamycin that is the mTOR inhibitor with anticancer ability but has limited efficacy due to drug resistance, and to explore the underlying mechanisms. We combined rapamycin and SAMC for colorectal cancer treatment in the HCT‑116 cancer cells and a xenograft murine model. The in vivo study was established by xenografting HCT‑116 cells in BALB/c nude mice...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737824/inhibitory-effects-of-1-25-oh-2d3-on-the-proliferation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-through-the-downregulation-of-hdac2
#6
Jian Huang, Guozhen Yang, Yunzhu Huang, Shu Zhang
The inhibitory effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the proliferation of a variety of cancer cell lines have been extensively reported. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the present study, the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the in vitro proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and the mechanism involved were investigated. Flow cytometry and MTT assay revealed that 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibited cell proliferation in vitro. Western blotting and real-time PCR indicated that 1,25(OH)2D3 upregulated the expression of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and attenuated that of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2)...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731192/anp32a-modulates-cell-growth-by-regulating-p38-and-akt-activity-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
Wei Yan, Zhun Bai, Juan Wang, Xumei Li, Bixia Chi, Xu Chen
Acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein-32A (ANP32A) possesses multiple biochemical activities, has been found to be decreased or absent in malignant tumors. However, new findings have shown that it is expressed in greater amounts in advanced cancers than in early-stage tumors. The role and clinical significance of ANP32A in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unknown. In the present study, the expression of ANP32A was assessed in 68 CRC patients by IHC, and then the correlation of its expression with clinicopathological factors was investigated using the Allred, Klein and immune response scoring system analysis...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731175/heat-shock-induced-hikeshi-protects-cell-viability-via-nuclear-translocation-of-heat-shock-protein-70
#8
Toru Yanoma, Kyoichi Ogata, Takehiko Yokobori, Munenori Ide, Erito Mochiki, Yoshitaka Toyomasu, Mitsuhiro Yanai, Norimichi Kogure, Akiharu Kimura, Masaki Suzuki, Nobuhiro Nakazawa, Tuya Bai, Tetsunari Oyama, Takayuki Asao, Ken Shirabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano
Heat shock proteins (HSPs), particularly HSP70, help restore normal cellular function following damage caused by stressors. HSP expression in tumor tissues indicates cancer progression, and while the development of HSP inhibitors is progressing, these substances are not widely used to treat cancer. HIKESHI (C11orf73) does not control the intracellular movement of HSP70 at normal temperatures; however, it does regulate the function and movements of HSP70 during heat shock. In this study, we examined the intracellular movement of HSP70 during heat shock to investigate the significance of HIKESHI expression in gastric cancer (GC) and determine if HIKESHI inhibition has cytotoxic effects...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731167/high-expression-of-trim29%C3%A2-atdc-contributes-to-poor-prognosis-and-tumor-metastasis-by-inducing-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-osteosarcoma
#9
Si-Xiang Zeng, Qing-Chun Cai, Chi-Hua Guo, Li-Qiang Zhi, Xing Dai, Dang-Feng Zhang, Wei Ma
The association of TRIM29 overexpression with cancer progression and poor clinical prognosis has been reported in the context of several types of cancers. In the present study, we investigated the prognostic relevance of TRIM29 and its involvement in the progression of human osteosarcoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate a major role of TRIM29 in osteosarcoma. Our results showed that the expression of TRIM29 in osteosarcoma tissues was much higher than that in normal bone tissues...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731154/sypl1-overexpression-predicts-poor-prognosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-associates-with-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#10
Dong-Han Chen, Qiu-Wan Wu, Xiu-Dong Li, Shuang-Jia Wang, Zhi-Ming Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, which is mainly due to relapse and metastasis. Synaptophysin-like 1 (SYPL1), a member of SYP family proteins, exerts complicated functions, which prompted us to wonder whether SYPL1 contributed to HCC progress. Herein, we performed integrative experiments of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC), and found that SYPL1 overexpression in HCC tissues was closely correlated with several malignant clinicopathologic features of HCC...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731193/promotion-of-glycolysis-by-hotair-through-glut1-upregulation-via-mtor-signaling
#11
Shibo Wei, Qing Fan, Liang Yang, Xiaodong Zhang, Yingbo Ma, Zhihong Zong, Xiangdong Hua, Dongming Su, Hongzhi Sun, Hangyu Li, Zhen Liu
The long non-coding RNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) plays a key role in the progression of various carcinomas. However, whether or not HOTAIR influences glucose metabolism and the specific underlying mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells remain unclear. In the present study, we found markedly increased HOTAIR expression in 84 HCC tissues and demonstrated that HOTAIR overexpression promoted cell proliferation using Cell Counting Kit-8. The effect on glucose metabolism regulated by HOTAIR in HCC cells was determined by detecting lactate and glucose levels: HOTAIR promoted glycolysis by upregulating glucose transporter isoform 1 (GLUT1) and activating mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, whereas knockdown of HOTAIR suppressed this effect...
July 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731173/anacardic-acid-induces-cell-apoptosis-of-prostatic-cancer-through-autophagy-by-er-stress-dapk3-akt-signaling-pathway
#12
Jing Tan, Xianzhen Jiang, Guangming Yin, Leye He, Jianye Liu, Zhi Long, Zhiqiang Jiang, Kun Yao
Anacardic acid, which is commonly seen in plants of Anacardiaceae, is an important composition of cashew, ginkgo leaf and fruit, and it has been suggested in previous research to show antitumor activity. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticancer effects of anacardic acid on cell apoptosis of prostatic cancer and molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon. In this study we found that anacardic acid inhibited cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and caspase-3/9 activities and Bax protein expression of prostatic cancer...
July 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731186/let-7c-5p-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-induces-cell-apoptosis-by-targeting-ercc6-in-breast-cancer
#13
Xiaonan Fu, Xuan Mao, Yuxiang Wang, Xianfeng Ding, Yongfeng Li
In this study, we found that let-7c-5p expression was clearly downregulated in breast cancer tissues compared with that of corresponding adjacent tissues. Furthermore, overexpression of let-7c-5p in MCF-7 breast cancer cells could significantly inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The target genes of let-7c-5p were predicted by the way of bioinformatics, and validated by dual luciferase reporter assay and western blotting demonstrating that excision repair cross complementing 6 (ERCC6) gene was a direct target...
July 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731179/clinical-significance-of-mir-138-in-patients-with-malignant-melanoma-through-targeting-of-pdk1-in-the-pi3k-akt-autophagy-signaling-pathway
#14
Fanjun Meng, Yuxia Zhang, Xing Li, Juan Wang, Zhiyu Wang
The present study investigated the clinical significance of miR-138 in patients with malignant melanoma (MM), which has previously been associated with tumor growth. In patients with MM, we found that the expression of miR-138 was significantly downregulated when compared with healthy control subjects. Overexpression of miR-138 in the human melanoma cell line A2058 inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, and increased caspase-3 and Bax protein expression when compared with a negative control group...
July 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731196/microrna-106a-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-tissue-inhibitor-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-in-cervical-cancer
#15
Xia Li, Qi Zhou, Ling Tao, Chunxia Yu
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that miRNAs play a critical role in tumor development and progression. Previous studies have revealed that miR-106a is abnormally expressed in various cancers. However, its function and underlying mechanism in cervical cancer (CC) remains unknown. In this study, we confirmed that the expression of miR-106a was significantly upregulated in both CC cell lines and tissues by qRT-PCR. The increased expression of miR-106a was obviously associated with adverse prognostic features...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731185/snail-maintains-metastatic-potential-cancer-stem-like-properties-and-chemoresistance-in-mesenchymal-mouse-breast-cancer-tubo%C3%A2-p2j-cells
#16
Sun Young Ma, Jin-Hee Park, Hana Jung, Sung-Min Ha, Yeonye Kim, Dong Hyen Park, Deuk Hee Lee, Sooyong Lee, In-Ho Chu, So Young Jung, Il-Hwan Kim, Il-Whan Choi, Chang Soo Choi, Saegwang Park
Snail, a zinc-finger transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin expression, is one of the key inducers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial cancer. In breast cancer, EMT has been associated with malignancies, including metastasis, cancer stem-like properties, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In this study, we analysed the role of Snail in the highly metastatic mesenchymal TUBO‑P2J mouse breast cancer cells, by loss of function using short hairpin RNA. Though silencing Snail did not restore the E-cadherin expression or induce morphological changes, Snail silencing significantly ablated in vitro and in vivo metastatic potentials...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731178/microrna-379-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-targeting-the-igf%C3%A2-1r-mediated-akt-and-erk-pathways
#17
Fangzheng Zhou, Long Nie, Dali Feng, Siyan Guo, Ren'na Luo
Lung cancer is one of the most common types of malignancy in humans and is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men and women worldwide. Aberrantly expressed microRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) contribute to tumor occurrence and development as either tumor suppressors or promoters. MicroRNA-379 (miR‑379) is dysregulated in several types of human cancer. However, its expression pattern, role and underlying mechanism in NSCLC progression and metastasis are poorly understood. In this study, assay of reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that miR‑379 was downregulated in both NSCLC tissue and cell lines...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731174/lhx3-is-an-early-stage-and-radiosensitivity-prognostic-biomarker-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#18
Xin Lin, Yan Li, Jin Wang, Fei Han, Shuang Lu, Yu Wang, Wenjian Luo, Mingqian Zhang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. We previously identified LHX3 as a new preferentially expressed gene in NSCLC. In the present study, we sought to determine its expression, the clinical relevance and the functional roles in NSCLC. LHX3 expression is sharply increased in carcinoma tissues compared to non-carcinoma tissues. Relational analysis reveals a significant association between LHX3 expression and clinical stage (n=172, p=0.032) or radiotherapy (n=167, p=0.022) of patients...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731164/active-targeting-co-delivery-system-based-on-hollow-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-antitumor-therapy-in-ovarian-cancer-stem-like-cells
#19
Xin Guo, Nan Guo, Jianwen Zhao, Yunlang Cai
The combination of nanocarriers and chemotherapy drugs can release the chemotherapy drugs to the tumor tissue, which can enhance the antitumor effect and reduce the adverse reactions at the same time. In this study, a co-delivery system based on hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSN) was developed and characterized. We also investigated the in vitro effect of this system on CD117+CD44+A2780 cell line. HMSN was selected as the nanocarrier, with -COOH modified on the surface and doxorubicin (DOX), NVP-AEW 541 (NVP) loaded inside...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731158/the-long-non-coding-rna-snhg3-functions-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna-to-promote-malignant-development-of-colorectal-cancer
#20
Weizhen Huang, Yunming Tian, Shaoting Dong, Yinlian Cha, Jun Li, Xiaohong Guo, Xia Yuan
Accumulating evidence has revealed that aberrantly expressed long non-coding transcripts are involved in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Small nucleolar RNA host gene 3 (SNHG3) is a newly identified lncRNA, and little is known about its clinical significance and biological functions in the development of CRC. In the present study, we found that the expression of SNHG3 was significantly upregulated in CRC, and upregulation of SNHG3 predicted poor prognosis for patients with CRC as determined through analysis of the data obtained from TCGA database...
July 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
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