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Journal of Hazardous Materials

Bao-Li Fei, Ni-Ping Deng, Jiang-Hong Wang, Qing-Bo Liu, Jian-Ying Long, Yang-Guang Li, Xiang Mei
The first 3D heteropoly blue Ba2Na4[SiW4(V)W8(VI)O40]·19H2O (1) as heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst and flocculent was hydrothermally synthesized and fully characterized by various methods 1 was an efficient Fenton-like catalyst for degradation of phenol with degradation rate of 92.1% (visible light irradiation), and 89.0% (no light) in 90min, respectively. The degradation efficiency of anionic dye methyl orange was 97.0% in 5min, when 1 was used as photo-Fenton-like catalyst under visible light. And 1 was a nice flocculent for cationic dyes methylene blue and rhodamine B, the removal rates were both above 95%...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Basant Elsebai, Mariana Emilia Ghica, Mohammed Nooredeen Abbas, Christopher M A Brett
A new amperometric hydrogen peroxide enzyme inhibition biosensor for the indirect determination of toxic mercury ions, Hg(2+), based on catalase immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode surface by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde and bovine serum albumin, is reported. The parameters influencing biosensor performance were optimized, including enzyme loading, the amount of hydrogen peroxide, the applied potential and electrolyte pH. It was shown that the inhibition of catalase by Hg(2+) species is irreversible, with a linear inhibition response between 5×10(-11) and 5×10(-10)M...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Abdul Aziz, Kwang Soo Kim
In this work, the performance of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) removal and degradation from gas, air streams on UV pretreated Fe-ZSM-5 in a batch reactor at room temperature were studied. The Fe-ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst was prepared by hydrothermal reaction method. The influence of UV pre-irradiation time on the removal of BTEX were assessed by varying the time, ranging from 15min to 60smin. Then, sustainability of the activation of the catalyst resulted by UV pretreatment was studied by the four-cycle experiment with one time UV irradiation and after each cycle irradiation followed by BTEX removal after every cycle respectively...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ye Du, Xue Zhang, Chao Li, Qian-Yuan Wu, Huang Huang, Hong-Ying Hu
Reclaimed water is usually stored in rivers or lakes before subsequent use. In storage ecosystems, the natural process of solar light irradiation plays a key role in water quality, altering disinfection byproduct formation potential in later use. This study investigated changes in haloacetamide formation potential (HAcAm FP) during subsequent chloramination when reclaimed water was exposed to solar light irradiation. Significant decreases in HAcAm FP were observed for the solar light irradiated reclaimed water, with reductions of 27%-69% for different haloacetamides...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ying Zhang, Juanrong Chen, Li Hua, Songjun Li, Xuanxuan Zhang, Weichen Sheng, Shunsheng Cao
Ongoing research activities are targeted to explore high photocatalytic activity of TiO2-based photocatalysts for the degradation of environmental contaminants under UV and visible light irradiation. In this work, we devise a facile, cost-effective technique to in situ synthesize hierarchical SiO2@C-doped TiO2 (SCT) hollow spheres for the first time. This strategy mainly contains the preparation of monodisperse cationic polystyrene spheres (CPS), sequential deposition of inner SiO2, the preparation of the sandwich-like CPS@SiO2@CPS particles, and formation of outer TiO2...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Magda Pál, Gabriella Csávás, Gabriella Szalai, Tímea Oláh, Radwan Khalil, Rusina Yordanova, Gyöngyvér Gell, Zsófia Birinyi, Edit Németh, Tibor Janda
Although the metabolism of phytochelatins and higher polyamines are linked with each other, the direct relationship between them under heavy metal stress has not yet been clarified. Two approaches were used to reveal the influence of polyamine content on cadmium stress responses, particularly with regard to phytochelatin synthesis: putrescine pre-treatment of rice plants followed by cadmium stress, and treatment with the putrescine synthesis inhibitor, 2-(difluoromethyl)ornithine combined with cadmium treatment...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yijun Kang, Qing Li, Dan Xia, Min Shen, Lijuan Mei, Jian Hu
In this work, a microcosm experiment was conducted to merely mimic thermophilic phase in aerobic composting with pig manures in order to explore: (i) the effect of thermophilic phase in composting on the abundances of tetracycline resistance genes (TRGs); and (ii) the impacts of the treated manures on the abundances of TRGs in soil. It was found that 4days of thermophilic process reduced the abundance of TRGs in pig manures by ∼1 lg unit compared to the samples without treatments, suggesting that other phases in composting may play significant roles in removal of TRGs...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Biswa Nath Bhadra, Sung Hwa Jhung
A series of metal-azolate frameworks or MAFs-MAF-4, -5, and -6-were synthesized and pyrolyzed to prepare porous carbons derived from MAFs (CDM-4, -5, -6, respectively). Not only the obtained carbons but also MAFs were characterized and applied for the adsorption of organic contaminants of emerging concern (CECs, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products) such as salicylic acid, clofibric acid, diclofenac sodium, bisphenol-A, and oxybenzone (OXB) from water. CDM-6 was found to be the most remarkable adsorbent among the tested ones (including activated carbon) for all the adsorbates...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ana Beatriz Baranda, Amaia Lasagabaster, Iñigo Martínez de Marañón
Perspectives concerning pulsed light (PL) technology as a novel water decontamination treatment are overviewed in this work. Degradation of atrazine, malathion, chlorpyriphos-methyl and bromopropylate in aqueous solutions at different concentrations was performed employing static and continuous flow-through PL units. Results for both PL systems were compared in terms of efficacy of pesticides degradation and derived photoproducts formed. The pesticides degradation increased with the applied total fluence for both PL systems...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ushadevi Balasubramani, Ranjithkumar Venkatesh, Sangeetha Subramaniam, Gayathri Gopalakrishnan, Vairam Sundararajan
An investigation of adsorption of sulphide ion (S(2-)) in water onto carbon/alumina nano-composites synthesized from aluminium carboxylate precursors, in presence of HCl, NaOH, NaCl and surfactant is reported in this paper. A controlled oxygen free pyrolytic technique has been adopted for the synthesis of nano-composites, using acetate, acetyl acetonate, lactate and distearate of aluminium and activated carbon. XRD, SEM and TEM studies of the composites show that they contain clusters made of nano carbon particles of size 50-130nm into which nano alumina particles of size around 10nm are dispersed...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Fang Deng, Fei Zhong, Lina Zhao, Xubiao Luo, Shenglian Luo, Dionysios D Dionysiou
Octahedral CdS/SnIn4S8 nano-heterojunctions were fabricated by a facile and simple one-step in situ hydrothermal method, and the molar ratio of CdS to SnIn4S8 was optimized. The optimal (0.5:1)CdS/SnIn4S8 heterojunctions exhibit the highest visible-light photocatalytic activity with 97.1% degradation efficiency of 2-nitrophenol in 120min, which is much higher than those of individual CdS and SnIn4S8. The enhanced photocatalytic performance could be attributed to the effective separation and transfer of photogenerated charges originating from the well-matched band gap structures...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Alok Patel, Km Sartaj, Neha Arora, Vikas Pruthi, Parul A Pruthi
Phenol is reported to be one of the most toxic environmental pollutants present in the discharge of various industrial effluents causing a serious threat to the existing biome. Biodegradation of phenol by oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae HIMPA1 was found to degrade 1000mg/l phenol. The pathways for phenol degradation by both ortho and meta-cleavage were proposed by the identification of metabolites and enzymatic assays of ring cleavage enzymes in the cell extracts. Results suggest that this oleaginous yeast degrade phenol via meta-cleavage pathway and accumulates a high quantity of lipid content (64...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Blanca Jalvo, Marisol Faraldos, Ana Bahamonde, Roberto Rosal
A photocatalytic sol of TiO2 nanoparticles has been used for creating self-cleaning antimicrobial flat and porous glass surfaces. The substrates were irradiated to study their photocatalytic properties and behavior in the presence of biofilm-forming bacteria. Smooth glass surfaces and glass microfiber filters were covered with 1.98×10(-3)±1.5×10(-4)gcm(-2) and 8.55×10(-3)±3.0×10(-4)gcm(-2) densities, respectively. Self-cleaning properties were analyzed using the methylene blue 365nm UV-A photodegradation test...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Zhe Hu, Xi Wang, Haitai Dong, Shangyi Li, Xukai Li, Laisheng Li
TiO2-Cu2O photocatalyst composite film with a heterostructure was synthesized on a copper substrate for 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE47) reduction. First, Cu2O film was synthesized by the electrochemical deposition method, and then TiO2 was coated on the surface of the Cu2O film. The morphology, surface chemical composition and optical characteristics of TiO2-Cu2O film were characterized. The degradation efficiency of BDE47 and hydrogen production by TiO2-Cu2O films was higher than those by pure TiO2 or Cu2O films...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Chuanzhi Kang, Chang-Jiang-Sheng Lai, Dan Zhao, Tao Zhou, Da-Hui Liu, Chaogeng Lv, Sheng Wang, Liping Kang, Jian Yang, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Lu-Qi Huang, Lanping Guo
Gastrodia Rhizoma is one of the most heavily sulfur-fumigated edible and medical herbs in the marketplace. We developed a practical protocol using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight-MS(E) (UPLC/QTOF-MS(E))-based metabolome and health risk assessment model to identify characteristic sulfur-fumigated markers, dissect chemical transformation mechanisms, and control the quality of sulfur-fumigated Gastrodia Rhizoma. Two sulfur-containing p-hydroxybenzyl products, one sulfur-containing disaccharide, one glycolipid, and two phospholipids were selected and identified as markers based on multivariate statistical analysis...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Fazlurrahman Khan, Janmejay Pandey, Surendra Vikram, Deepika Pal, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Wei Wang, Xuesong Ren, Kai Yang, Zhenhu Hu, Shoujun Yuan
Coal gasification wastewater (CGW) contains very high concentrations of phenols and ammonia. However, the potential impact of ammonia on the anaerobic digestion of phenols remained unclear. Firstly, the methanogens and phenols degraders had a good tolerance up to 1gL(-1) of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), but the substrate utilization rate for phenol, and specific methanogenic activity of sludge were decreased by 89% and 67% at 5g TAN L(-1), and 94% and 100% at 10g TAN L(-1), respectively. Secondly, the optimum struvite crystallization conditions (pH=8...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yue Yuan, Xianjia Peng
The environmental safety of carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) has become a hot spot of worldwide research work. The high stability, mobility and adsorption capability of CNMs may give rise to the enhancement of heavy metal transport. However, the understanding of facilitated transport of heavy metal ions by CNMs is still limited. In this research, fullerol nanoparticles (C60(OH)n) were used as a typical CNM to investigate its effect on Cu(2+) transport in the water-saturated porous media. Column experiments showed that C60(OH)n could facilitate the transport of Cu(2+)...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sheng Luo, Fan Qin, Yin'an Ming, Huiping Zhao, Yunling Liu, Rong Chen
Hazardous hexavalent chromium removal from wastewater is an urgent issue in industry environmental pollution. In this work, hollow Bi2S3 nanospheres have been successfully synthesized from unique Bi2O3 porous nanospheres via Kirkendall effect through hydrothermal process. It was found that the sulfur source and the initial Bi2O3 templates played key roles in the formation of the uniform morphologies and structures through an anion exchange process. Compared with other Bi2S3 samples, the synthesized hollow Bi2S3 nanospheres exhibited much enhanced photocatalytic ability for Cr(VI) photoreduction...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Huan He, Bin Huang, Gen Fu, Yanan Du, Dan Xiong, Chaochao Lai, Xuejun Pan
17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) has become a growing concern due to its wide detection and high estrogenic potency. However, biodegradation of EE2 with individual microorganisms demonstrated poor degradation efficiency ranging from 10.3% to 45.8% in 120h. Now, a system combining electrochemical with biological degradation was tested for its ability to remove EE2 from aqueous solution. EE2 removal is promoted at high dissolved oxygen concentrations and low pH when electrochemical methods alone are employed. Coupling electrochemical methods with anaerobic bacteria can improve the EE2 removal after 90min to as much as 81...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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