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Journal of Hazardous Materials

Muhammad Farooq Mustafa, Xindi Fu, Yanjun Liu, Yawar Abbas, Hongtao Wang, Wenjing Lu
Non-thermal plasma (NTP) an emerging technology to treat volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in unhygienic point source air streams. In present study, double dielectric barrier discharge (DDBD) reactors were used for the first time to evaluate the removal efficiency of VOCs mixture of different nature at constant experimental conditions (input power 16-65.8 W, VOCs mixture feeding rate 1-6 L/min, 100-101 ppm inlet concentration of individual VOC). Reactor A and B with discharge gap at 6 mm and 3 mm respectively, were used in current study...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xin Chen, Yang Xu, Meimei Liang, Qinfei Ke, Yuanyuan Fang, He Xu, Xiangyu Jin, Chen Huang
Nanofiber nonwoven filters, especially those prepared by electrospinning, are of particular interest because of their high filtration efficiency. However, existing electrospun filters suffer from inherent limitations in that both strengths and filtration resistances of the filters leave much to be desired. Herein, we present a novel nonwoven filter that is composed of polysulphone and polyurethane nanofibers. By mimicking the honeycomb structure, a heterogeneous distribution of both fiber diameter and fiber density has been achieved...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
João Jesus, Dario Frascari, Tatiana Pozdniakova, Anthony S Danko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Hongmin Li, Haiyan Pei, Hangzhou Xu, Yan Jin, Jiongming Sun
Owing to the global warming and its strong adaptability, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii has spread world-wide. However, as one of toxic cyanobacteria in many drinking water sources, it has not been drawn proper consideration in drinking water treatment plants so far. The investigation aimed at unveiling the fate of C. raciborskii during polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) coagulation and sludge storage, revealing its differences from Microcystis aeruginosa. Results showed that C. raciborskii cells were effectively removed intactly under optimum coagulation conditions, but PAFC at higher dosages (>10 mg/L) triggered additional cylindrospermopsins release...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Haitham El-Taliawy, Monica Escola Casas, Kai Bester
The major pathway of pharmaceuticals from urban applications to urban surface waters is via wastewater treatment plants. Ozonation is able to remove pharmaceuticals from wastewater effluents. However, during that reaction, ozonation products are formed. Some ozonation products were found to be persistent and have adverse effect on the environment. Moving bed bio reactors (MBBRs) were tested for the removal of the ozonation products of macrolide antibiotics and diclofenac at two different concentration levels 1 μg/L and 10 μg/L in laboratory reactors...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Wenyu Huang, Angelica Bianco, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot
In the present work we investigate the activation efficiency of H2O2 and S2O82- using UVA and UVB radiation. Bisphenol-A (BPA) is used as model pollutants to estimate the oxidative process efficiency in simulated and real sewage treatment plant waters. Particular attention is paid to the BPA removal efficiency and to the radical mechanism involvement considering the effect of typical inorganic water constituents (carbonates and chloride ions) and organic matter. Despite a detrimental effect observed when carbonate ions are in solution using both hydrogen peroxide and persulafate, the presence of high chloride ions concentration was found to improve BPA removal using S2O82- as radical precursor...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jing Chang, Jitong Li, Weiyu Hao, Huili Wang, Wei Li, Baoyuan Guo, Jianzhong Li, Yinghuan Wang, Peng Xu
Dermal exposure is regarded as a potentially significant but understudied route for pesticides uptake in terrestrial reptiles. In this study, a native Chinese lizard was exposed to control, diflubenzuron or flufenoxuron contaminated soil (1.5 mg kg-1) for 35 days. Tissue distribution, liver lesions, thyroid hormone levels and transcription of most target genes were examined. The half-lives of diflubenzuron and flufenoxuron in the soil were 118.9 and 231.8 days, respectively. The accumulation of flufenoxuron in the liver, brain, kidney, heart, plasma and skin (1...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Qiang He, Li Kang, Xingfu Sun, Ruxue Jia, Ying Zhang, Jiangsen Ma, Hong Li, Hainan Ai
Microcystins (MCs) pose potential threat for both aquatic organisms and humans, whereas their occurrence in response to hydrodynamic alterations are not clearly understood. Here, spatiotemporal variations of dissolved MC-RR and MC-LR were evaluated monthly in 2016 in the Yulin River, a tributary of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR). The environmental factors that linked to MCs concentration were discussed. The results revealed that MC-RR maximumly reached 3.55 μg/L, and the maximum MC-LR concentration exceeded the threshold value of 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sin-Yi Liou, Wan-Ru Chen
Albendazole (ABZ) is a benzimidazole-based veterinary anthelmintic used extensively in the treatment of intestinal parasites. Due to its high hydrophobicity, ABZ tends to accumulate in soils and sediments in the environment. This study aims to investigate ABZ's possible degradation by manganese oxides. Minor effects from ionic strength and metal cations on ABZ degradation were observed. By contrast, decrease of pH greatly enhanced the reaction rate. Surface complexation between ABZ and MnO2 was indicated to be the dominant control in the reaction kinetics...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Bilal Ahmed, Animesh K Ojha, Ajeet Singh, Florian Hirsch, Ingo Fischer, Donfack Patrice, Arnulf Materny
Finding the materials, which help to control the water pollution caused by organic and bacterial pollutants is one of the challenging tasks for the scientific community. 2D sheets of WO3 and composite of WO3 and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been synthesized in a well-controlled way using a hydrothermal method. The as synthesized 2D sheet of WO3 and rGO-WO3 composite were characterized by various techniques. The 2D sheets of WO3 and rGO-WO3 composite are efficiently utilized for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) and Rhodamine B (RhB) dyes under sunlight...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Maryam Salehi, Chad T Jafvert, John A Howarter, Andrew J Whelton
The influence of polymer aging, water pH, and aqueous Pb concentration on Pb deposition onto low density polyethylene (LDPE) was investigated. LDPE pellets were aged by ozonation at 85 °C. ATR-FTIR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis of aged LDPE surfaces showed that a variety of polar functional groups (>CO<, >CO, >COO) were formed during aging. These functional groups likely provided better nucleation sites for Pb(OH)2 deposition compared to new LDPE, which did not have these oxygen-containing functional groups...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Qing Lv, Baogang Zhang, Xuan Xing, Yingxin Zhao, Ruquan Cai, Wei Wang, Qian Gu
Metallic nanoparticle based disinfection represents a promising approach for microbial pollution control in drinking water and thus, biosynthesis of non precious metal nanoparticles is of considerable interest. Herein, an original and efficient route for directly microbial synthesis of copper nanoparticles (Cu-NPs) by Shewanella loihica PV-4 is described and their satisfactorily antimicrobial activities are established. Cu-NPs were successfully synthesized and most of them attaching on the bacterial cell surfaces suggested extracellular Cu(II) bioreduction mainly contributed to this biosynthesis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
E Krawczyk-Bärsch, U Gerber, K Müller, H Moll, A Rossberg, R Steudtner, M L Merroun
The contamination of the environment by U may affect plant life and consequently may have an impact on animal and human health. The present work describes U(VI) sequestration by Acidovorax facilis using a multidisciplinary approach combining wet chemistry, transmission electron microscopy, and spectroscopy methods (e.g. cryo-time resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy, extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and in-situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Lingai Mao, Zhizong Chen, Xinyue Wu, Xiujuan Tang, Shuiliang Yao, Xuming Zhang, Boqiong Jiang, Jingyi Han, Zuliang Wu, Hao Lu, Tomohiro Nozaki
A dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) catalyst hybrid reactor with CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst balls was investigated for benzene decomposition at atmospheric pressure and 30 °C. At an energy density of 37-40 J/L, benzene decomposition was as high as 92.5% when using the hybrid reactor with 5.0wt%CeO2/γ-Al2O3; while it was 10%-20% when using a normal DBD reactor without a catalyst. Benzene decomposition using the hybrid reactor was almost the same as that using an O3 catalyst reactor with the same CeO2/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, indicating that O3 plays a key role in the benzene decomposition...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Suresh R Subashchandrabose, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu, Kannan Krishnan, Ravi Naidu, Robin Lockington, Mallavarapu Megharaj
A Gram-positive bacterium, Rhodococcus wratislaviensis strain 9, was isolated from groundwater contaminated with nitrophenolics and trichloroethene following enrichment culture technique. The cells of strain 9 grown on LB broth (uninduced) degraded 720 μM p-nitrophenol (PNP) within 12 h, and utilized as a source of carbon and energy. Orthogonal experimental design analysis to determine optimal conditions for biodegradation of PNP showed that pH had a significant positive effect (P ≤ .05) on bacterial degradation of PNP, while glucose, di- and tri-nitrophenols exhibited significant negative effect...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Hyuncheol Kim, Minsun Kim, Wanno Lee, Soonhyun Kim
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster in Japan in 2011, the demand drastically increased for efficient technology for the removal of radioactive cesium. Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticles have shown excellent adsorption ability toward Cs. In this study, we synthesized PB nanoparticles incorporated polyacrylonitrile nanofiber (PB/PAN). PB/PAN has the porous structure of nanofibers, with diameters of several hundred nanometers. PB nanoparticles can be incorporated successfully into the PAN matrix without any change to their intrinsic crystallinity and structure...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Mina Oveisi, Mokhtar Alina Asli, Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi
Herein, 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (BDC) and 2-amino-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (NH2-BDC) as organic linkers and tetraisopropyl orthotitanate as a metal source were used to synthesize several metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) nanomaterials. Five Materials Institut Lavoisiers (MILs) as MOFs include MIL-125(Ti), NH2-MIL-125(Ti) and three MILs with different organic linkers molar ratios (BDC/NH2-BDC: 75/25, 50/50 and 25/75 denoted as MIL-X1, MIL-X2 and MIL-X3, respectively). The synthesized nanomaterials were used for ultrasound-aided adsorption of cationic dyes (Basic Red 46 (BR46), Basic Blue 41 (BB41) and Methylene Blue (MB)) from single and multicomponent (binary) systems...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Martha L López-Moreno, Yarilyn Cedeño-Mattei, Sonia Janet Bailón-Ruiz, Edgar Vazquez-Nuñez, José A Hernandez-Viezcas, Oscar Juan Perales-Pérez, Guadalupe De la Rosa, José R Peralta-Videa, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey
The application of nanomaterials (NMs) depends on several characteristics, including polydispersity, shape, surface charge, and composition, among others. However, the specific surface properties of bare NMs induce aggregation, reducing their utilization. Thus, different surface coverages have been developed to avoid or minimize NMs aggregation, making them more stable for the envisioned applications. Carbon-based NMs are usually coated with metals, while metal-based NMs are coated with natural organic compounds including chitosan, dextran, alginate, or citric acid...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Haijun Chen, Zhe Chen, Guixia Zhao, Zhibin Zhang, Chao Xu, Yunhai Liu, Jing Chen, Li Zhuang, Tasawar Haya, Xiangke Wang
Ca/Al layered double hydroxide decorated carbon nanotube (Ca/Al-LDH@CNTs) composites were fabricated by co-precipitation method and hydrothermal aged treatment. The prepared Ca/Al-LDH@CNTs was characterized by SEM, TEM, EDS, XRD, FT-IR, UV-vis and XPS techniques, and applied to remove U(VI) from aqueous solutions under various environmental conditions (i.e., pH, ionic strength, temperature and contact time). The results indicated that the adsorption of U(VI) on Ca/Al-LDH@CNTs was four times higher than that of U(VI) on bare CNTs...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Zuliang Wu, Zhoubin Zhu, Xiaodong Hao, Weili Zhou, Jingyi Han, Xiujuan Tang, Shuiliang Yao, Xuming Zhang
Non-thermal plasma technology has great potential in reducing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emission. But in plasma-alone process, various undesired by-products are produced, which causes secondary pollutions. Here, a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor has been developed for the oxidation of naphthalene over a TiO2/diatomite catalyst at low temperature. In comparison to plasma-alone process, the combination of plasma and TiO2/diatomite catalyst significantly enhanced naphthalene conversion (up to 40%) and COx selectivity (up to 92%), and substantially reduced the formation of aerosol (up to 90%) and secondary volatile organic compounds (up to near 100%)...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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