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Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica

Daniel Fernandes Melo, Violeta Duarte Tortelly, Taynara de Mattos Barreto, Elaine de Souza Albernaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Anja Trajber Horvat, Katarina Trčko, Vesna Jurčić, Pij Bogomir Marko
Primary systemic amyloidosis is characterized by the deposition of insoluble monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains in various tissues and is usually associated with an underlying plasma cell dyscrasia. In the early stage of the disease, dermatological findings can be the only manifestation, as opposed to organ involvement in the later stages. A dermatologist can diagnose amyloidosis early with a skin biopsy stained with Congo red dye and other appropriate investigations. This case report describes a female patient with primary systemic amyloidosis confirmed histologically from a skin biopsy...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Uwe Wollina
The concept of mobile tumors was introduced by Shelley and Shelley in 2006. They coined the term abacus tumor. Mobile lipomas have been described in the literature as an example of abacus tumors. This was later questioned by Burgdorf et al., who performed comparative studies in cattle. They suggested the term mobile encapsulated adipose tissue (MEAT) for lipoma-like mobile lesions in cattle and people. We report two more cases of MEAT in adult patients and discuss the literature on this unusual subject.
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Vesna Breznik, Klara Dai, Maruška Marovt
Chronic peripheral edema is a very common yet underestimated problem. It is of utmost importance to investigate various possible causes and understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic peripheral edema in order to determine the optimal treatment. This case report presents the case of a polymorbid patient with a deformity-causing type of rheumatoid arthritis and a 1-year history of progressive symmetrical peripheral edema. Based on an extensive diagnostic investigation, the patient was diagnosed with a combined form of chronic peripheral edema comprised of true lymphedema, which was confirmed by lymphoscintigraphy, and filtration edema due to muscular inactivity...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Tasleem Arif, Mohammad Adil, Syed Suhail Amin
Congenital atrichia with papular lesions (APL) is a disease characterized by the complete absence of hair from the whole body occurring within a few months of birth and the presence of papules distributed over the body. A 9-year-old boy presented with sparse hair over his body and with a history of losing his hair soon after birth. Multiple skin-colored papules were observed over the scalp. A biopsy from a papule showed keratinous cysts in the dermis and the absence of hair follicles. A diagnosis of congenital APL was made after vitamin D-dependent rickets was excluded...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Maitri Shah, Manoj Pawar, Vijay Zawar
Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder of the skin characterized by the absence of nodal and visceral involvement, low recurrence rate, spontaneous remission, and tendency to occur in patients older than 20 years. The case presented here is of a 15-year-old boy with grouped papular lesions arranged in an annular fashion with a central clearing on his right arm for 4 months that was diagnosed with a case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative primary cutaneous CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Yesim Akpinar Kara, Evren Sarifakioglu
Linear atrophoderma of Moulin (LAM) is a rare dermatosis characterized by a hyperpigmented atrophoderma that follows Blaschko's lines, with onset usually occurring during childhood and adolescence. LAM is an etiologically unknown form of dermal atrophy. It is generally characterized by oval or round atrophic, nonsclerotic, hyperpigmented patches following Blaschko's lines. These patches are usually located on the trunk and the upper and lower extremities. This case study discusses a patient that had the nonclassical form of LAM with the initial lesions presenting as papules...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Stephanie Chapman, Daniel Delgadillo III, Cara Barber, Amor Khachemoune
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic and debilitating skin disorder characterized by the formation of painful abscesses, draining sinus tracts, and scarring, predominantly in skin folds such as the axillae and the perineum. The exact prevalence of HS is unknown because the disease is often underreported, but it has been estimated to be as high as 4.1%. HS is three times more prevalent in women than in men. Various comorbidities have been associated with HS, including inflammatory bowel disease and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Joanna Czerwińska, Waldemar Placek
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a genetic predisposition that can be triggered by environmental factors. Pathogenesis is characterized by activation of the Th1/Th2 axis and abnormalities of the Th17/Treg balance as well as deficiency of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β). Regulatory lymphocytes (Treg), which are involved in homeostasis mechanisms, maintain tolerance and prevent autoimmune disorders. Only a few studies have investigated the presence of Treg marker expression and levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines in psoriatic skin and sera of patients with psoriasis...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Špela Baglama, Katarina Trčko, Janez Rebol, Jovan Miljković
Autoimmune diseases may also be reflected in changes in the oral cavity that represent the first sign of the disease, or they may occur simultaneously with or later in the course of the disease. Oral findings are mostly non-specific, and therefore further investigations are needed to exclude or confirm possible diagnoses. This article presents the most important diseases in this research area, divides them into meaningful groups, and highlights the importance of examining the oral cavity for possible manifestations...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Miguel Costa-Silva, Julia Vide, Sofia Lopes, Filomena Azevedo, Sofia Magina
INTRODUCTION: Systemic inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and other comorbidities. The primary aim of this study was to assess the screening practices of general practitioners (GPs) with regard to the most frequent comorbidities in patients with psoriasis. METHODS: We adapted, with permission, a questionnaire that was used by Parsi et al...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Katarina Sočan, Maja Sočan
INTRODUCTION: Erysipelas is a common infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Despite the relative frequency of erysipelas, data on its basic epidemiological characteristics are scant. This study describes the trends in erysipelas epidemiology in Slovenia. METHODS: Data on notified erysipelas cases from 2000 to 2016 were extracted from the electronic database of reportable communicable diseases and analyzed. RESULTS: There were 36,254 notified cases during the observed time period of 17 years...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Nina Skornšek, Tijana Orešič Barač, Pij Bogomir Marko
Congenital longitudinal melanonychia is rarely seen in Caucasians and poses a diagnostic dilemma. It is characterized by the presence of hyperpigmented brown or black streaks visible in the nail plate. We present the case of 20-month-old boy with congenital longitudinal melanonychia, the diagnostic procedure, and management. Dermatoscopy of the nail revealed dark brown linear hyperpigmented lines in the nail plate with an irregular color. The diagnosis of a congenital nail matrix nevus was established on clinical grounds...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Rui Pedro Santos, Cristina Resende, Maria da Luz Duarte, Celeste Brito
Tungiasis is a cutaneous parasitosis caused by infestation of the skin by gravid fleas of the genus Tunga, mainly Tunga penetrans. This flea is very common in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, but not in Europe. The infestation is acquired by walking barefoot or lying in places where the flea is present, usually beaches or sandy soils. We report two unrelated cases of imported tungiasis in Portugal that presented to our clinic in the same week. We draw attention to one of the most common dermatological diseases in travelers returning from tropical countries, the diagnosis of which is primarily clinical but nonetheless is largely unfamiliar to clinicians attending those patients...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Debeeka Hazarika, Manoj Pawar
Since its description in 1995, porokeratosis ptychotropica (PP) has remained a less-recognized variant of porokeratosis (PK). The term porokeratosis ptychotropica was coined in reference to its characteristic of affecting body folds. It mimics many other dermatological diseases and is therefore often misdiagnosed. We report a patient with multiple hyperkeratotic, warty lesions across the buttocks that mimicked cutaneous tuberculosis (CTB), but histological examination confirmed the correct diagnosis of PP.
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Nicola di Meo, Gabriele Pozzato, Eugenio Leonardo, Sara Trevisini, Silvia Vichi, Giusto Trevisan
Leukemia cutis (LC) is described as cutaneous infiltration by neoplastic leukocytes into the epidermidis, dermis, or subcutis, resulting in clinically various skin lesions. When the infiltrate is characterized by neoplastic granulocytic precursors, LC is defined as granulocytic sarcoma. Multiple, erythematous, and infiltrated papules and nodules localized on the legs, arms, and trunk are the most common clinical presentation. Here we report a case of granulocytic sarcoma in a patient with a previous diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia currently in hematological remission...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Nicolas Kluger
Percutaneous radiotherapy (RT) may cause a range of acute and chronic cutaneous side-effects on irradiated areas. Localized or generalized lichen planus (LP) has occasionally been reported after RT. The mechanisms of LP are unclear. A case report and a systematic review of the literature were performed. Including the present case, 12 cases of LP have been reviewed in association with oncologic radiotherapy since 2002. Of these, 83% of patients developed LP after RT. LP occurred with a median delay of 30.7 days after RT completion and a median dose of 50 Gy...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Ali Sahan, Funda Tamer
INTRODUCTION: Rhinoplasty is one of the most common aesthetic procedures performed by plastic surgeons all over the world. In recent years, a non-surgical nose job has become the preferred option for most patients and specialists. Minimally invasive techniques already result in high satisfaction rates. Moreover, patients do not need anesthesia and there is no post-operative recovery period. METHODS: Between January 2016 and January 2017, 35 patients (33 female, 2 male) that had undergone nonsurgical rhinoplasty with dermal fillers were included in the study...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Mualla Polat, Güler Bugdayci, Hatice Kaya, Hamdi Oğuzman
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates the relationship between disease activity and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. METHODS: Clinical and biochemical data were retrieved through retrospective examination of patients' and healthy subjects' medical records. NLR and PLR values were calculated from the hemogram results. This study included 46 patients (25 males, 21 females; 36.58 ± 9...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Tasleem Arif, Iffat Hassan, Mushtaq A Margoob, Parvaiz Anwar, Sheikh Shoib, Syed Akeel
BACKGROUND: Various specific and non-specific dermatological manifestations can be found in patients with psychiatric ailments. Most studies in this regard have been conducted on an outpatient basis and not much work has been done on patients admitted with psychiatric diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study involved two groups of admitted psychiatric patients over a period of 1 year, involving 100 patients in each group. In the family ward group patients were admitted with accompanying family members, whereas in the closed ward group patients were kept under custodial care...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
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