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Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica

Tasleem Arif, Mohammad Adil, Syed Suhail Amin, Alam Mahtab
Morphea and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) are two diseases that show considerable clinical and histopathological similarity and have been known to coexist in the same patient. Whether the two conditions are different entities or part of the same spectrum has been a topic of debate. This article describes a very rare and interesting case of concomitant morphea and LSA in a 50-year-old female in the same plaque following intramuscular drug injection in the deltoid region of the right arm. The coexistence of morphea and LSA in the same lesion has rarely been reported, thus compelling us to report this case...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Sofia Lopes, Júlia Vide, Isabel Antunes, Filomena Azevedo
Dermatitis neglecta is a condition affecting the skin caused by a lack of hygiene. It may be related to psychiatric and neurological disturbances. The appearance of skin lesions results from neglect, which helps distinguish this condition from other similar clinical entities. Resolution of the lesions with adequate cleansing aids a definitive diagnosis.
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Yssra Soliman, Nouran Hamed, Amor Khachemoune
Cupping is an ancient procedure that has been practiced for thousands of years. It has been used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including dermatological ones. Cupping has been described in the literature for the treatment of conditions such as acne and eczema. The procedure is fundamentally divided into dry cupping and wet cupping; however, there have been many modern adaptations. Adverse events related to the procedure have been reported in the literature and should be considered by patients. However, cupping has a promising role in helping manage dermatological conditions...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Carmen Rodríguez-Cerdeira, Miguel Carnero-Gregorio, Adriana López-Barcenas, Gabriella Fabbrocini, Elena Sanchez-Blanco, Alfonso Alba-Menendez, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
Susceptibility to Candida spp. infection is largely determined by the status of host immunity, whether immunocompromised/immunodeficient or immunocompetent. Interleukin-2 (IL-2), a potent lymphoid cell growth factor, is a four-α-helix bundle cytokine induced by activated T cells with two important roles: the activation and maintenance of immune responses, and lymphocyte production and differentiation. We reviewed the roles of cytokines as immune stimulators and suppressors of Candida spp. infections as an update on this continuously evolving field...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Nicolas Kluger
Hematidrosis is an eccrine sweat disorder characterized by one or more episodes of spontaneous, bloody sweating from non-traumatized skin. The author carried out a systematic review of all cases of hematidrosis reported in PubMed over the past 20 years. A total of 25 cases were reviewed; 21 were women (84%), the median age was 13 years (range 9-72), and the majority (62%) were from Asia, mainly India. Hematidrosis was located on the face-including the forehead (40%), eyes (40%), and ears (36%)-in 96% of the cases and on the umbilicus in 24% and the palms in 20%...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Kira Kravets, Olga Vasylenko, Zhanna Dranyk, Olga Bogomolets
BACKGROUND: Among all malignancies in Ukraine in 2016, the group of non-melanoma skin cancers headed the list in men and made up 21.6%. This group was second in women and made up 17.6%. The diagnostics of skin tumors are becoming increasingly relevant. METHODS: The store-and-forward (SAF) method was used. The study included patients that were remotely diagnosed with melanocytic nevi, seborrheic keratoses, skin cancer, and skin melanoma. Patients signed up for remote diagnostics, were examined in person by dermatologists, and had tumors excised with a subsequent histological examination...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Azmy A Abdel-Latif, Ahmad R Elshahed, Omar A Salama, Mohamed L Elsaie
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious skin infestation that mainly presents with itching at night and skin burrows that are visible to the naked eye. Diagnosing scabies with dermoscopy is still a matter of controversy. The aim of our study was to compare the diagnostic properties of adhesive tape, skin scraping, and dermoscopy in diagnosing scabies. METHODS: One hundred patients with clinical presumptive diagnoses of scabies underwent skin scraping, adhesive tape testing, and dermoscopic examination...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Ali Sahan, Tamer Funda
INTRODUCTION: Lip augmentation procedures with hyaluronic acid dermal fillers have become increasingly popular worldwide because full lips are often considered beautiful and youthful. The goal of a lip augmentation procedure is to create smooth lips with adequate volume and a natural appearance. Various techniques for lip augmentation have been utilized and described. METHODS: In the four-point injection technique, the lips were divided equally into right side and left side...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Vijay Zawar, Manoj Pawar, Shrikant Kumavat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a challenging condition to treat and it significantly affects quality of life. Bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal infections have been associated with triggering and/or perpetuating urticaria in certain individuals. There is a paucity of literature on CSU associated with Malassezia infection. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present a case series of five patients with CSU without angioedema in whom we observed temporal association of Malassezia infection with CSU...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Majda Troha, Anja Šterbenc, Martina Mlaker, Mario Poljak
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates knowledge of and attitudes toward human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination among healthcare professionals and the general public in Slovenia. METHODS: Five statements were designed to evaluate participants' opinions regarding age at HPV vaccine administration and potential delay in vaccination, associations of HPV vaccination with riskier sexual behavior, HPV vaccine safety, the importance of the internet as a source of information, and the significance of HPV vaccination in boys...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Erkin Pekmezci, Cihat Dündar, Murat Türkoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Currently there are only a limited number of drugs available for treatment of androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. However, certain plants and their standardized extracts may provide some clinical benefits against hair loss. We formulated a herbal shampoo and a solution to evaluate their efficacy, safety, and synergy in hair loss. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, clinical and instrumental study for 6 months on 120 subjects with androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium, confirmed by pull test and phototricogram...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Daniel Fernandes Melo, Violeta Duarte Tortelly, Taynara de Mattos Barreto, Elaine de Souza Albernaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Anja Trajber Horvat, Katarina Trčko, Vesna Jurčić, Pij Bogomir Marko
Primary systemic amyloidosis is characterized by the deposition of insoluble monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains in various tissues and is usually associated with an underlying plasma cell dyscrasia. In the early stage of the disease, dermatological findings can be the only manifestation, as opposed to organ involvement in the later stages. A dermatologist can diagnose amyloidosis early with a skin biopsy stained with Congo red dye and other appropriate investigations. This case report describes a female patient with primary systemic amyloidosis confirmed histologically from a skin biopsy...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Uwe Wollina
The concept of mobile tumors was introduced by Shelley and Shelley in 2006. They coined the term abacus tumor. Mobile lipomas have been described in the literature as an example of abacus tumors. This was later questioned by Burgdorf et al., who performed comparative studies in cattle. They suggested the term mobile encapsulated adipose tissue (MEAT) for lipoma-like mobile lesions in cattle and people. We report two more cases of MEAT in adult patients and discuss the literature on this unusual subject.
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Vesna Breznik, Klara Dai, Maruška Marovt
Chronic peripheral edema is a very common yet underestimated problem. It is of utmost importance to investigate various possible causes and understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic peripheral edema in order to determine the optimal treatment. This case report presents the case of a polymorbid patient with a deformity-causing type of rheumatoid arthritis and a 1-year history of progressive symmetrical peripheral edema. Based on an extensive diagnostic investigation, the patient was diagnosed with a combined form of chronic peripheral edema comprised of true lymphedema, which was confirmed by lymphoscintigraphy, and filtration edema due to muscular inactivity...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Tasleem Arif, Mohammad Adil, Syed Suhail Amin
Congenital atrichia with papular lesions (APL) is a disease characterized by the complete absence of hair from the whole body occurring within a few months of birth and the presence of papules distributed over the body. A 9-year-old boy presented with sparse hair over his body and with a history of losing his hair soon after birth. Multiple skin-colored papules were observed over the scalp. A biopsy from a papule showed keratinous cysts in the dermis and the absence of hair follicles. A diagnosis of congenital APL was made after vitamin D-dependent rickets was excluded...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Maitri Shah, Manoj Pawar, Vijay Zawar
Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder of the skin characterized by the absence of nodal and visceral involvement, low recurrence rate, spontaneous remission, and tendency to occur in patients older than 20 years. The case presented here is of a 15-year-old boy with grouped papular lesions arranged in an annular fashion with a central clearing on his right arm for 4 months that was diagnosed with a case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative primary cutaneous CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Yesim Akpinar Kara, Evren Sarifakioglu
Linear atrophoderma of Moulin (LAM) is a rare dermatosis characterized by a hyperpigmented atrophoderma that follows Blaschko's lines, with onset usually occurring during childhood and adolescence. LAM is an etiologically unknown form of dermal atrophy. It is generally characterized by oval or round atrophic, nonsclerotic, hyperpigmented patches following Blaschko's lines. These patches are usually located on the trunk and the upper and lower extremities. This case study discusses a patient that had the nonclassical form of LAM with the initial lesions presenting as papules...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Stephanie Chapman, Daniel Delgadillo, Cara Barber, Amor Khachemoune
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic and debilitating skin disorder characterized by the formation of painful abscesses, draining sinus tracts, and scarring, predominantly in skin folds such as the axillae and the perineum. The exact prevalence of HS is unknown because the disease is often underreported, but it has been estimated to be as high as 4.1%. HS is three times more prevalent in women than in men. Various comorbidities have been associated with HS, including inflammatory bowel disease and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Joanna Czerwińska, Waldemar Placek
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a genetic predisposition that can be triggered by environmental factors. Pathogenesis is characterized by activation of the Th1/Th2 axis and abnormalities of the Th17/Treg balance as well as deficiency of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β). Regulatory lymphocytes (Treg), which are involved in homeostasis mechanisms, maintain tolerance and prevent autoimmune disorders. Only a few studies have investigated the presence of Treg marker expression and levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines in psoriatic skin and sera of patients with psoriasis...
March 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
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