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Journal of Agromedicine

Shyrle Berrio, Lope H Barrero
OBJECTIVE: Manual flower cutting imposes large biomechanical demands on workers' upper extremities. Solutions are required to reduce these demands. This study investigated the effect of time elapsed since the last pruner maintenance on the biomechanical demands of the upper extremities during flower-cutting operations. METHODS: Sixteen experienced workers were recruited. All workers performed flower cutting 1, 15, and 30 days after standard pruner maintenance, including cleaning, adjustment, and sharpening...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Girija Syamlal, Kitty Hendricks, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVES: Youth on farms are at risk for injuries and illnesses, including asthma, which continues to disproportionately affect minority groups. METHODS: For this study, the 2008 Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data were used to estimate the prevalence of asthma among youth aged 0-19 years living on racial minority-operated farms. Youth were considered to have a lifetime diagnosis of asthma based on an affirmative response to the question "Has he/she ever been diagnosed as having asthma by a health professional?" RESULTS: In 2008, of the estimated 37,400 youth (0-19 years) who lived on racial minority operated farms, 11% had asthma...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Carly Eckert, Torie Baker, Debra Cherry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate chronic health risks before and during the fishing season in a sample of commercial fishermen, addressing the NIOSH priority of Total Worker HealthTM . METHODS: Gillnet license holders in Cordova, Alaska (n = 607) were contacted to participate in a preseason survey (March 2015) assessing health behaviors. A mid-season survey (July 2015) was also conducted. Physical exams and additional assessments were performed on a subset of these fishermen...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Amy Irwin, Jill Poots
OBJECTIVES: Tractors are a source of injury and fatality in agriculture. Despite this farmers continue to engage in risk-taking behaviors, including operating tractors without appropriate equipment. In order to change behaviors and attitudes toward safety, it is important to understand how farmers approach different types of risk relevant to tractor use. The current study used a qualitative approach to investigate farmer perception of four types of tractor-based risk related to self, equipment, lack of safety features, and environment...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Jessica Beattie, Candis McLeod, Meg Murray, Daryl Pedler, Susan Brumby, Belinda Gabbe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of farmers on returning to farming following a serious farm-related injury. METHODS: Patients who had sustained major trauma on a farm in Victoria, Australia, were identified using the Victorian State Trauma Registry (VSTR). In depth, semistructured phone interviews were conducted with 31 participants. Interview data were subjected to thematic analysis to identify important recurring themes. Interviews continued until data saturation was achieved...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Anita Alves Pena, Edward R Teather-Posadas
OBJECTIVES: We studied relationships between demographic and work-related characteristics and exposure to health-related risk associated with field sanitation within the population of U.S. farmworkers while critically examining adequacy of existing data toward understanding patterns. METHODS: We used statistical and econometric large-sample data methods to analyze correlations between observable variables and access to field sanitation as measured by responses to the nationally and regionally representative National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS)...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Dennis J Murphy, Barbara C Lee
For the last several decades, financial support for agricultural safety and health programs and professionals has primarily been covered by public dollars through federal and state government grant programs and appropriations. This federal and state funding provided a tremendous boost to farm safety and health professionals and program efforts for 30+ years and has provided the foundation and structure for current agricultural safety and health efforts and activities. However, there is reason to question long-term sustainability of a sufficient level of federal and state dollars for agricultural safety and health...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Barbara C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
John M Shutske, Daniel Schaefer, Rebecca Larson, Kevin Erb, Cheryl Skjolaas, Stephanie Leonard, Jeff Nelson, Elizabeth Binversie, Scott Rifleman
An in-depth investigation of an unusual, non-enclosed manure storage hydrogen sulfide-induced fatality on a Holstein beef production operation is presented. The case involved several factors that likely played a role in the young farmer's death. These included zero wind movement, a reported temperature inversion in the area, relatively cool late summer outdoor temperatures on the morning of the incident, higher outdoor temperatures the week prior, and a high by-product steer ration containing ingredients that contributed significant sulfur content to the stored manure...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Phillip Summers, Sara A Quandt, Chaya R Spears Johnson, Thomas A Arcury
Agriculture is a hazardous industry, yet there are few regulations on the ages at which children may engage in farm work. Local agricultural market producers (LAMPs) are a growing subset of farmers within "sustainable agriculture" who engage in direct-to-consumer and direct-to-retailer enterprises. This study explores the occupational health and safety perceptions of parents and children for children who work on their families' LAMP farms. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 parent-child dyads from LAMP farms in Illinois and North Carolina...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Megan O'Shannessy, Jane Harte, Susan Brumby, Scott Kitchener
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the lifestyle behaviors and prevalence of chronic disease in the Australian agricultural workforce. This study aimed to assess behavioral risk factors and the prevalence of chronic disease among attendees of agricultural events in rural Queensland. METHODS: Data on lifestyle risk factors and prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were collected from participants in four separate cross-sectional studies in rural southern Queensland...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Peter C Raynor, Shannon Engelman, Darby Murphy, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Jeffrey B Bender, Bruce H Alexander
OBJECTIVE: Evolving production practices in the swine industry may alter the working environment. This research characterized the influence of stall versus pen gestation housing and wet versus dry feed in finishing on air contaminant concentrations. METHODS: Eight-hour time-weighted ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, respirable dust, respirable endotoxin, and carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature were measured regularly at stationary locations throughout a year in a facility with parallel gestation stall and open pen housing and parallel finishing rooms using dry and wet feed delivery systems...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Federica Caffaro, Peter Lundqvist, Margherita Micheletti Cremasco, Kerstin Nilsson, Stefan Pinzke, Eugenio Cavallo
OBJECTIVES: To perform an ergonomic analysis of work and machinery-related risks in a group of Swedish older farmers, investigating farmers' attitudes and perceptions about: 1) health status and work motivation, 2) physical and cognitive workload and difficulties in the interaction with machinery and technological innovations, and 3) risks and safety practices. METHODS: Nine Swedish male farmers aged 65+ were administered a semi-structured interview and a questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Pamela J Tinc, Jim Carrabba, Anna Meyerhoff, Melissa Horsman
In 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced a Local Emphasis Program targeted at New York farmers. This program involved random inspections of dairy farms across the state. This article provides an overview of the efforts made in New York to prepare farmers for these inspections. As a result of this program launch, several safety services offered by the New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health were significantly impacted, and required expansion and modification in order to meet the needs of New York farmers...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Amy Irwin, Jill Poots
OBJECTIVES: Farming is a high-risk sector with up to 170,000 worldwide fatalities reported per year; it is therefore vital to identify methods of mitigating the dangers of this industry. Research within high-risk industries, such as aviation, shipping, and agriculture, has identified the importance of non-technical skills (NTS) in maintaining effective, safe performance and reducing error and injury. However, there is a lack of research evaluating factors that may contribute to NTS attitudes and behaviors...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Samuel Kwaku Essien, Catherine Trask, Muhammad Khan, Catherine Boden, Brenna Bath
INTRODUCTION: Low-back disorders (LBDs) are the most common musculoskeletal problem among farmers, with higher prevalence rates than in other occupations. Farmers who operate tractors and other types of machinery can have substantial exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV). Although there appears to be an association between LBDs and WBV, the causal relationship is not clear. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review investigates the association between WBV and LBDs specifically among farmers...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Athena K Ramos
Migrant and seasonal workers have a right to the highest attainable standard of health. Unfortunately, these farmworkers face a multitude of challenges. They are employed in one of the most dangerous industries and face serious occupational health risks, while positioned at the bottom of the social hierarchy. They often lack formal education and training, English language proficiency, legal status, access to information, and equitable opportunities to health and healthcare. This article will explore the international human rights conventions that support farmworkers' right to health and healthcare in the United States...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Valerie Elliot, Louise Hagel, James A Dosman, Masud Rana, Josh Lawson, Barbara Marlenga, Catherine Trask, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: We examined physical health and work experiences in a Saskatchewan population of farm women, and determined how participation in the "third shift" (a phenomenon where women engage in off-farm employment, farm labor, and as homemakers) relates to their demographic, physical health, and work experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Reports from 980 women who lived or worked on Saskatchewan farms were analyzed to describe their health status, comorbidities, use of medications, and exposures to farm work...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Francisco Soto Mas, Alexis J Handal, Rose E Rohrer, Eric Tomalá Viteri
OBJECTIVE: To explore health and safety issues in organic farming, particularly among small farmers in central New Mexico. METHODS: Participants included 10 certified organic producers and 20 workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and observations. RESULTS: The sample consisted of a young, educated, low experienced population that may differ from conventional farmers. Both producers and workers seemed to be aware of the health risks involved with small-scale farming...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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