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Journal of Agromedicine

Mahmoud M Nour, William E Field, Ji-Qin Ni, Charlene Cheng
As part of ongoing surveillance of fatalities and injuries involving agricultural confined spaces by Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program, nearly 300 cases involving manure storage, handling, and transport equipment and facilities have been documented over the past 30 years. With the exception of a summary of 77 fatalities published by Beaver and Field1 , these cases have not been previously analysed or published due to a lack of resources and the limitations of the Purdue Agricultural Confined Spaces Incident Database (PACSID) which was designed primarily for analysis of grain-related cases...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Somayeh Moradhaseli, Pouria Ataei, Homayoun Farhadian, Fazlollah Ghofranipour
Agriculture is one of the major sources of employment and income in many countries, especially in developing countries. Farmers are exposed to numerous harmful factors such as sunlight and ultraviolet radiation. These factors contribute to multiple diseases including skin cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the farmer's preventive behavior against sunlight using the Health Belief Model (HBM). This descriptive study was conducted by survey methodology and a questionnaire. The population of the research was composed of farmers in Kermanshah Province (N=126,900)...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Kerry A Rood, Michael L Pate
OBJECTIVES: Practicing veterinarians are exposed to unique occupational hazards and zoonotic diseases. National studies have highlighted an increase risk to injuries and a lack of veterinary awareness for these hazards. In Utah (and likely other states), reports of acquired zoonoses are sporadic, and underlying risk factors poorly understood. To better clarify occupational risk factors, the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of Utah veterinarians were examined. METHODS: A total sample of 809 Utah veterinarians were identified from the 2017 licensure listing provided by the Utah Division of Professional Licensing...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Megan E Peck, Chayanee Jenpanich, Alongkorn Amonsin, Napawan Bunpapong, Karoon Chanachai, Ratana Somrongthong, Bruce H Alexander, Jeff B Bender
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify occupational risk factors for brucellosis among small scale goat farmers in Thailand. METHODS: To better understand farmers' knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with brucellosis we interviewed 51 farmers and tested 314 goats for Brucella melitensis. RESULTS: All serological samples tested negative for Brucella infection. Based on previous research and estimates provided from the Thai national brucellosis surveillance system, zero seropositivity was less than expected...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Mary W Hildebrand, Jason Brinkley, Sarah Timmons, Felice Mendez
PURPOSE: Farmers are at high risk for losing their occupation because of their susceptibility for developing chronic conditions and incurring injuries. Although, occupational and physical therapists have basic education in return-to-work methods, specialty training is needed to help farmers with disabilities. The North Carolina AgrAbility Partnership, part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's supported AgrAbility Program, implemented an exploratory survey of North Carolina occupational and physical therapists before developing training curricula for working with farmers...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Pamela J Tinc, Julie A Sorensen
OBJECTIVES: Despite much work to reduce the frequency and severity of agricultural injuries, these events still occur. Power take-off entanglements are one example of agricultural events that can lead to death or permanent disability. This manuscript considers the use of marketing techniques to reduce agricultural injuries. Specifically, the "principles of influence" (liking, social proof, authority, consistency, reciprocity, and scarcity) are explored as methods of promoting power take-off shielding among New York farmers...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Muhammad Idrees Khan, Brenna Bath, Catherine Boden, Olugbenga Adebayo, Catherine Trask
BACKGROUND: Low back disorders (LBD) are the most common musculoskeletal problem among farmers, with higher prevalence than other occupations. Although studies of the general population have shown an association between LBD and awkward working posture, farmers have unique work context and exposures that may modify this relationship. This review aimed to 1) identify published research studies investigating posture as a risk factor for LBD in farmers/agricultural workers, and 2) determine the strength of the relationship between postural exposure and LBD risk of bias assessment...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Toyin S Olowogbon, Aaron M Yoder, Segun B Fakayode, Abraham O Falola
BACKGROUND: Many studies have focused on agricultural-related health hazards globally; however, little is known about agricultural stressors among crop farmers in the developing countries. This study identified agricultural stressors, their causes and ascribed effects among crop farmers in Nigeria. METHODS: There were 70 crop farmers randomly selected in farming communities across Ekiti State, an agrarian State in South-Western, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire with interview was used for data collection...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Matthew L Hunt, M Susan Jones, Dixi Secula
OBJECTIVES: Farming is a dangerous occupation with a high incidence of fatal and non-fatal injuries. Little is known about the preparedness of Kentucky farmers to respond to farm emergencies. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge, preparation, and concerns of Kentucky farmers relative to being prepared to take appropriate action in the event of a farm emergency. METHODS: For this descriptive study, a 36-item questionnaire was used to assess the farmer's education and training, access to supplies/equipment to deal with farm emergencies, and their concern regarding emergency preparedness...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
John S Luque, Brian H Bossak, Caroline B Davila, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar
Heat-related illness (HRI) among migrant and seasonal farmworkers is an occupational risk addressed through varying mitigation strategies by individual workers and supervisors. The purpose of this pilot study was to describe farmworkers' experience with HRI prevention strategies and assess HRI information seeking preferences, especially the feasibility of using mobile phone apps to access this information. Five focus groups were administered to Hispanic farmworkers in South Carolina. Questions included the following topics: health information seeking preferences; farmworkers' perceptions of occupational risks; coping strategies; past experiences with HRIs; water, rest, and shade practices; access to health care; and any employer-provided training received...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Katrin Volkmer, Whitney Lucas Molitor
Agriculture is consistently rated as one of the most dangerous industries by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. As such, there is a demonstrable need for the prevention and management of injuries among agricultural workers. It is critical that injuries are managed in order to allow individuals the means to continue participating in meaningful and necessary tasks on the farm or ranch. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether interventions within the scope of occupational therapy were effective in addressing injury prevention and management among agricultural workers in order to determine what role occupational therapists currently serve among this population...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Julia F Storm, Catherine E LePrevost, Consuelo Arellano, W Gregory Cope
OBJECTIVES: Certified Safe Farm (CSF) is a multimodal intervention composed of four components: safety, health, education, and economic incentive. North Carolina has conducted the largest implementation of CSF outside of the Midwestern United States where it was developed. This paper describes the Efficacy dimension of the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework for the implementation of CSF in North Carolina during 2009-2012 on 113 farms in a three-county, highly productive and diverse agricultural area...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Anabel Rodriguez, G Robert Hagevoort, Dianey Leal, Lisa Pompeii, David I Douphrate
BACKGROUND: Modern U.S. dairy farm operations present multiple safety hazards which may result in worker injuries, illnesses and fatalities. The U.S. industry trend towards large-herd milking operations, especially in the Western U.S., necessitates an increased number of workers on each farm. The U.S. dairy workforce is comprised of an increasing percentage of immigrant workers with limited English proficiency which presents a safety training challenge. Our objective was to develop, deliver and evaluate safety awareness training to U...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Opal Patel, Girija Syamlal, Paul K Henneberger, Walter A Alarcon, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine associations between use of specific pesticides and lifetime allergic rhinitis and current asthma in US primary farm operators. METHODS: The 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data from 11,210 primary farm operators were analyzed. Pesticide use on the farm was determined using an affirmative response to the question of whether the operator ever mixed, loaded, or applied pesticides on their farm in the 12 months prior to the interview...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Serap Gorucu, Dennis Murphy, Daniel Foster, Roger Hanagriff, John Ewing
Distracted driving by using modern technologies has been linked with increased risk of injuries, however, the current research has focused primarily on the use of technology while operating roadway vehicles. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of technology while operating farm equipment among members of an agricultural youth organization (Pennsylvania FFA Association members). An online survey was used to examine the use of technology while operating a tractor, ATV/UTV, skid steer, and truck/car...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Sara A Quandt, Augusta Groeschel-Johnson, Hannah T Kinzer, Anna Jensen, Kenya Miles, Heather M O'Hara, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is a chronic disease prevalent in Hispanic/Latino adults, including migrant farmworkers in the US. Its management requires that individuals follow dietary guidelines, which may be difficult for migrant farmworkers due to work and environmental constraints. This analysis is designed to explore potential barriers to and supports for migrant farmworkers' practice of effective dietary self-management. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 200 Latino migrant farmworkers in North Carolina, including workers with and without diabetes, recruited at housing sites throughout the 2017 agricultural season...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Kali Turner, Peter Rabinowitz, Naomi Anderson, Martin Cohen, Marguerite Pappaioanou
OBJECTIVE: To characterize occupational injuries of aquaculture workers in Washington State. METHODS: We reviewed accepted Washington State workers' compensation claims from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2014. Trends in employment, worker demographics (including age, sex, and body mass index), claim rate, and injury characteristics were summarized for accepted claims in the Washington State risk classes that include aquaculture workers. RESULTS: During the nine-year study period, there were 1,180 accepted claims, 836 (65...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Bryan Weichelt, Casper Bendixsen
Skid steers or loaders are becoming prolific in U.S. agriculture - as are the injuries and fatalities related to their use. A review of incidents as queried in AgInjuryNews from 2016 to 2017 revealed an overrepresentation of youth being involved in these tragic incidents. This raises concerns over parental attitudes and beliefs about the safety of these machines. Skid steer incidents do not appear to be a result from a lack of safety education materials, however. Indeed, manufacturers, the Centers for Disease Control, and many state extension systems have safety manuals and general instruction, including YouTube videos and online resources...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Catharina Alwall Svennefelt, Erik Hunter, Peter Lundqvist
Farm work safety intervention programs based on educating and informing have been criticized for not demonstrably improving work safety. We argue that these criticisms are misplaced and that the problem with educating and informing lies not necessarily in the tool, but rather in its implementation. We arrive at this conclusion by systematically investigating eight of the largest farm work safety interventions in Sweden. In particular, we describe how they use fear and other emotional appeals in their communications in an attempt to motivate improved work safety...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Marja K Kallioniemi, Janne Kaseva, Christina Lunner Kolstrup, Ahti Simola, Hanna-Riitta Kymäläinen
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine job resources, work engagement and Finnish dairy farmers' preferences concerning methods to enhance overall well-being while working on farms. METHODS: A postal survey yielded 265 completed questionnaires from 188 dairy farms. The sample was assessed as representative of Finnish dairy farmers. Exploratory factor analysis and a linear mixed model were utilized during the data analyzing process. RESULTS: The variables lowering work engagement were stressors related to the workload and problems with health...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
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