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Journal of Agromedicine

John M Shutske, Daniel Schaefer, Rebecca Larson, Kevin Erb, Cheryl Skjolaas, Stephanie Leonard, Jeff Nelson, Elizabeth Binversie, Scott Rifleman
An in-depth investigation of an unusual, non-enclosed manure storage hydrogen sulfide-induced fatality on a Holstein beef production operation is presented. The case involved several factors that likely played a role in the young farmer's death. These included zero wind movement, a reported temperature inversion in the area, relatively cool late summer outdoor temperatures on the morning of the incident, higher outdoor temperatures the week prior, and a high by-product steer ration containing ingredients that contributed significant sulfur content to the stored manure...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Dennis J Murphy, Barbara C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Barbara C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Phillip Summers, Sara A Quandt, Chaya R Spears Johnson, Thomas A Arcury
Agriculture is a hazardous industry, yet there are few regulations on the ages at which children may engage in farm work. Local agricultural market producers (LAMP) are a growing subset of farmers within "sustainable agriculture" who engage in direct-to-consumer and direct-to-retailer enterprises. This study explores the occupational health and safety perceptions of parents and children for children who work on their families' LAMP farms. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 parent-child dyads from LAMP farms in Illinois and North Carolina...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Megan O'Shannessy, Jane Harte, Susan Brumby, Scott Kitchener
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the lifestyle behaviors and prevalence of chronic disease in the Australian agricultural workforce. This study aimed to assess behavioral risk factors and the prevalence of chronic disease among attendees of agricultural events in rural Queensland. METHODS: Data on lifestyle risk factors and prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were collected from participants in four separate cross-sectional studies in rural southern Queensland...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Peter C Raynor, Shannon Engelman, Darby Murphy, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Jeffrey B Bender, Bruce H Alexander
OBJECTIVE: Evolving production practices in the swine industry may alter the working environment. This research characterized the influence of stall versus pen gestation housing and wet versus dry feed in finishing on air contaminant concentrations. METHODS: Eight-hour time-weighted ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, respirable dust, respirable endotoxin, and carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature were measured regularly at stationary locations throughout a year in a facility with parallel gestation stall and open pen housing and parallel finishing rooms using dry and wet feed delivery systems...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Federica Caffaro, Peter Lundqvist, Margherita Micheletti Cremasco, Kerstin Nilsson, Stefan Pinzke, Eugenio Cavallo
OBJECTIVES: To perform an ergonomic analysis of work and machinery-related risks in a group of Swedish older farmers, investigating farmers' attitudes and perceptions about: 1) health status and work motivation, 2) physical and cognitive workload and difficulties in the interaction with machinery and technological innovations, and 3) risks and safety practices. METHODS: Nine Swedish male farmers aged 65+ were administered a semi-structured interview and a questionnaire...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Pamela J Tinc, Jim Carrabba, Anna Meyerhoff, Melissa Horsman
In 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced a Local Emphasis Program targeted at New York farmers. This program involved random inspections of dairy farms across the state. This editorial provides an overview of the efforts made in New York to prepare farmers for these inspections. As a result of this program launch, several safety services offered by the New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health were significantly impacted, and required expansion and modification in order to meet the needs of New York farmers...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Amy Irwin, Jill Poots
OBJECTIVES: Farming is a high risk sector with up to 170,000 worldwide fatalities reported per year; it is therefore vital to identify methods of mitigating the dangers of this industry. Research within high-risk industries, such as aviation, shipping, and agriculture, has identified the importance of non-technical skills (NTS) in maintaining effective, safe performance and reducing error and injury. However, there is a lack of research evaluating factors that may contribute to NTS attitudes and behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Samuel Kwaku Essien, Catherine Trask, Muhammad Khan, Catherine Boden, Brenna Bath
INTRODUCTION: Low back disorders (LBDs) are the most common musculoskeletal problem among farmers, with higher prevalence rates than in other occupations. Farmers who operate tractors and other types of machinery can have substantial exposure to whole body vibration (WBV). Although there appears to be an association between LBDs and WBV, the causal relationship is not clear. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review investigates the association between whole body vibration (WBV) and low back disorders (LBDs) specifically among farmers...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Athena K Ramos
Migrant and seasonal workers have a right to the highest attainable standard of health. Unfortunately, these farmworkers face a multitude of challenges. They are employed in one of the most dangerous industries and face serious occupational health risks while positioned at the bottom of the social hierarchy. They often lack formal education and training, English language proficiency, legal status, access to information, and equitable opportunities to health and healthcare. This paper will explore the international human rights conventions that support farmworkers' right to health and healthcare in the United States...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Valerie Elliot, Louise Hagel, James A Dosman, Masud Rana, Josh Lawson, Barbara Marlenga, Catherine Trask, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: We examined physical health and work experiences in a Saskatchewan population of farm women, and determined how participation in the "third shift" (a phenomenon where women engage in off-farm employment, farm labor, and as homemakers) relates to their demographic, physical health, and work experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Reports from 980 women who lived or worked on Saskatchewan farms were analyzed to describe their health status, comorbidities, use of medications, and exposures to farm work...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Francisco Soto Mas, Alexis J Handal, Rose E Rohrer, Eric Tomal√° Viteri
OBJECTIVE: To explore health and safety issues in organic farming, specifically among small farmers in central New Mexico. METHODS: Participants included 10 certified organic producers and 20 workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and observations. RESULTS: The sample consisted of a young, educated, low experienced population which may differ from conventional farmers. Both producers and workers seemed to be aware of the health risks involved with small-scale farming...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Barbara C Lee, Casper Bendixsen, Amy K Liebman, Susan S Gallagher
The Socio-Ecological Model (SEM) is a conceptual framework depicting spheres of influence over human behavior that has been applied in public health settings for nearly five decades. Core principles of all variations of the SEM are the multiple influences over an individual's behaviors, the interactions of those influences, and the multilevel approaches that can be applied to interventions intended to modify behaviors. A project team modified the standard SEM to address interventions for protecting children from agricultural disease and injury...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Joanne Bonnar Prado, Prakash R Mulay, Edward J Kasner, Heidi K Bojes, Geoffrey M Calvert
Farmworkers are at high risk of acute occupational pesticide-related illness (AOPI) and AOPI surveillance is vital to preventing these illnesses. Data on such illnesses are collected and analyzed to identify high-risk groups, high-risk pesticides, and root causes. Interventions to address these risks and root causes include farmworker outreach, education, and regulation. Unfortunately, it is well known that AOPI is underreported, meaning that the true burden of this condition remains unknown. This article reviews the barriers to reporting of farmworker AOPI to public health authorities and provides some practical solutions...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Barbara C Lee, Marsha A Salzwedel, Po-Huang Chyou, Amy K Liebman
The goal of this project was to protect children while parents work in agriculture by improving off-farm services for children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Large agricultural enterprises have policies forbidding children in the worksite. At the same time, their employees, who are trying to generate income, seek as many work hours as possible but often lack viable options for childcare services. As employers strive to increase their labor pool, and workers seek off-farm childcare, there is mutual interest in improving access to childcare services in agricultural regions dependent on large numbers of full-time and seasonal workers...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Roger L Tormoehlen, Brian F French
Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program (PUASHP) has collaborated with secondary agricultural education programs, including FFA Chapters, for over 70 years to deliver and promote agricultural safety and health programming. With support from a U.S. Department of Labor Susan Harwood Program grant, PUASHP utilized a Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based curriculum for use with young and beginning workers, ages 16-20, exposed to hazards associated with grain storage and handling...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Frank A Gasperini
Most US farmers are small, independent owner-operators, many of whom are exempt from safety regulation and enforcement, as well as age restrictions relative to family members performing hazardous tasks. These smaller farms account for a disproportionate share of the total fatality and injury statistics from farming incidents, contributing to an agriculture-industry death rate that is seven times greater than all occupations combined. In contrast, large agricultural enterprises that employ larger numbers of non-family workers are more regulated and more highly incentivized by economic, supply chain, and societal factors to implement cultures of safety, and are more readily influenced by agricultural opinion leaders, agribusinesses, farm organizations, and agricultural media...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara C Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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