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Journal of Agromedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422580/glyphosate-and-paraquat-in-maternal-and-fetal-serums-in-thai-women
#1
Pornpimol Kongtip, Noppanun Nangkongnab, Ratanavadee Phupancharoensuk, Chonlada Palarach, Dusit Sujirarat, Supha Sangprasert, Malasod Sermsuk, Namthip Sawattrakool, Susan Renee Woskie
OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study measured the glyphosate and paraquat concentrations found in maternal and umbilical cord serum in 82 pregnant women who gave birth in three provinces of Thailand. METHODS: Through questionnaires and biological samples collected at childbirth, factors such as personal characteristics, occupation, agricultural activities, and herbicide use in agricultural work were evaluated as predictors of glyphosate and paraquat levels in the pregnant women...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418778/parkinsonism-signs-and-symptoms-in-agricultural-pesticide-handlers-in-washington-state
#2
Susan Searles Nielsen, Shu-Ching Hu, Harvey Checkoway, Maria Negrete, Pablo Palmández, Theresa Bordianu, Brad A Racette, Christopher D Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between pesticide exposure and signs or symptoms of parkinsonism. METHODS: Prior to the 2014 pesticide spray season we examined 38 active pesticide handlers age 35-65 (median 43.5) who participated in the State of Washington's cholinesterase monitoring program in the Yakima Valley, where cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides are applied in fruit orchards. A movement disorders specialist assessed the workers using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor subscore 3 (UPDRS3)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409702/providing-health-information-to-latino-farmworkers-the-case-of-the-affordable-care-act
#3
Thomas A Arcury, Anna Jensen, Mackenzie Mann, Joanne C Sandberg, Melinda F Wiggins, Jennifer W Talton, Mark A Hall, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Providing health program information to vulnerable communities, such as Latino farmworkers, is difficult. This analysis describes the manner in which farmworkers receive information about the Affordable Care Act, comparing farmworkers to other Latinos. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 urban Latino North Carolina residents in 2015. RESULTS: Most farmworkers had received health information from a community organization...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406388/outcomes-following-traumatic-grain-elevator-injuries
#4
Sydnei Tolefree, Anthony Truong, Jeanette Ward, Fanglong Dong, Elizabeth Ablah, James Haan
OBJECTIVES: The absence of a comprehensive database of grain elevator associated injuries hinders accurate evaluation of injury prevalence and may lead to discordant information about injury frequencies. The main purpose of this study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury related to grain elevator events. Comparisons of hospital outcomes between patients who sustained traumatic injuries associated with grain elevators at Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulated industrial sites versus those on OSHA exempt farming operations were also made...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406370/farmers-have-hearts-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-a-sub-group-of-irish-livestock-farmers
#5
Diana van Doorn, Noel Richardson, Aoife Osborne
OBJECTIVES: Despite international findings that farmers have better health outcomes than other occupation groups, Irish farmers are found to be a high risk group for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early detection of CVD through preventive health measurements, such as screening of high risk groups, can contribute to a reduction of CVD cases. Farmers, however, represent a 'challenging' group in terms of engaging in preventive health behaviors. This study examined the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among male Irish livestock farmers who participated in heart screening as part of a workplace health intervention...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402250/zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-prevalence-among-farmers-in-central-tunisia-2014
#6
Hedia Bellali, Fraj Chemak, Issam Nouiri, Dorra Ben Mansour, Jamila Ghrab, Mohamed Kouni Chahed
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is endemic in Central Tunisia, and is more prevalent in rural agricultural areas. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine ZCL prevalence among farmers and to test their availability to take ownership of the problem and participate actively to fight and address the disease. METHODS: A sample of farmers from Sidi Bouzid, Central Tunisia was selected randomly. Farmers were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire about ZCL lesion occurrence, its date of onset among family members, and their availability to contribute to fighting this disease...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402231/a-comparison-of-interventional-approaches-for-increasing-power-take-off-shielding-on-ny-farms
#7
Julie A Sorensen, Pamela J Tinc, Deb Dalton, Erika E Scott, Paul L Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: Power take-off (PTO) driveline entanglements are a primary source of injury on US farms. As with many farm injury concerns, hazard control technology is widely available for mitigating the risk of these entanglements. Despite the availability of hazard control technology, PTO shields are damaged or missing on approximately 57% of PTO driveline implements in New York. Given the catastrophic nature of entanglements and the ready access to safety technology, a better understanding of what motivates farmers to install or replace PTO shields is warranted...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402203/hydration-and-cooling-practices-among-farmworkers-in-oregon-and-washington
#8
Jeffrey W Bethel, June T Spector, Jennifer Krenz
BACKGROUND: Although recommendations for preventing occupational heat-related illness among farmworkers include hydration and cooling practices, the extent to which these recommendations are universally practiced is unknown. The objective of this analysis was to compare hydration and cooling practices between farmworkers in Oregon and Washington. METHODS: A survey was administered to a purposive sample of Oregon and Washington farmworkers. Data collected included demographics, work history and current work practices, hydration practices, access and use of cooling measures, and headwear and clothing worn...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402195/the-oral-health-needs-of-wisconsin-farmers-and-the-need-for-patient-activation-a-pilot-study
#9
Kelly Schroeder, JoAnn Gurenlian, Karen Portillo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the level of oral health need of Wisconsin farmers based on sociodemographic variables, perceived oral health, and actual oral health, and evaluate the effectiveness of a dental hygiene patient activation intervention. METHODS: Oral health screenings were administered by calibrated dental hygienists to 60 Wisconsin farmers attending the 2016 Wisconsin Farm Technology Days. Study participants self-administered the Oral Health Inventory Profile-14 survey and participated in an Adult Basic Screening Survey...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402192/farm-safety-practices-and-farm-size-in-new-south-wales
#10
Jannine Bailey, Tegan Dutton, Kristy Payne, Ross Wilson, Bronwyn K Brew
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence to suggest that safety on small area farms may not be high priority due to economic constraints and lack of knowledge. This has important ramifications for injury and economic burden. The objective of this research was to conduct a pilot study to investigate whether small to medium area farms implement fewer safety practices than large farms. METHODS: Farmers were recruited from farm safety training days, field days and produce stores in rural New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402188/effects-of-a-worksite-supervised-adapted-physical-activity-program-on-trunk-muscle-endurance-flexibility-and-pain-sensitivity-among-vineyard-workers
#11
Romain Balaguie, Pascal Madeleine, Kévin Rose-Dulcina, Nicolas Vuillerme
OBJECTIVES: In viticulture, the prevalence of low back pain is particularly high among vineyard workers exposed to sustained and awkward postures. One promising setting for low back pain prevention resides in the implementation of workplace physical activity. METHODS: This non-randomized pilot study aims at evaluating the effects of a worksite supervised adapted physical activity program among seventeen vineyard-workers volunteered to enter either an intervention group (n=10) or a control group (n=7)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394714/access-to-health-care-by-migrant-farm-workers-on-fruit-plantations-in-eastern-thailand
#12
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to elucidate factors that influenced access to health care for migrant farm workers from Cambodia employed on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. METHODS: Data were collected from 861 participants via interview questions and focus group discussions. RESULTS: The results revealed that 58.2% of immigrant workers were male, averaged 30.4 years of age, and 56.3% had no formal education. In the past year, 28% reported back pain, and 25% had joint pain...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139185/pesticide-exposure-and-cholinesterase-levels-in-migrant-farm-workers-in-thailand
#13
Anamai Thetkathuek, Pornthip Yenjai, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee, Poonsak Sriprapat
In this study we examined the effects of pesticides in migrant farm workers from Cambodia after workplace exposure on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. We studied 891 migrant farm workers employed on pineapple, durian, and rambutan plantations in Thailand. Data were collected via a detailed questionnaire survey and measurements of serum cholinesterase level (SChE). The majority of subjects was male (57.7%), with an average age of 30.3 years. Most subjects (76.8%) were moderately aware of good industrial hygiene practices...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129081/financial-considerations-for-health-and-safety-in-the-australian-dairy-industry
#14
Tony Lower, Kirrily Pollock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the burden of fatal and workers compensation related injuries on the dairy sector in Australia and to assess current financial inputs for Work Health and Safety actions. METHODS: The first and second phase entailed a review of the financial costs associated with fatal (2001-13) and workers compensation cases (2008-09 to 2012-13). The third element was a case study approach focusing on actual production and cost data from a small sample of dairy farms (n=6) to ascertain an estimate for current financial inputs to Work Health and Safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129079/utilization-of-boxes-for-pesticide-storage-in-sri-lanka
#15
Ravi Pieris, Manjula Weerasinghe, Tharaka Abeywickrama, Gamini Manuweera, Michael Eddleston, Andrew Dawson, Flemming Konradsen
Pesticide self-poisoning is now considered one of the two most common methods of suicide worldwide. Encouraging safe storage of pesticides is one particular approach aimed at reducing pesticide self-poisoning. CropLife Sri Lanka (the local association of pesticide manufacturers), with the aid of the Department of Agriculture, distributed lockable in-house pesticide storage boxes free of charge to a farming community in a rural district of Sri Lanka. Padlocks were not provided with the boxes. These storage boxes were distributed to the farmers without prior education...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129078/occupational-health-and-safety-in-aquaculture-insights-on-brazilian-public-policies
#16
Pedro Keller de Oliveira, Richard Souto Cavalli, Hiran Castagnino Kunert Filho, Daiane Carvalho, Nadine Benedetti, Marco Aurélio Rotta, Augusto Sávio Peixoto Ramos, Kelly Cristina Tagliari de Brito, Benito Guimarães de Brito, Andréa Ferretto da Rocha, Marcia Regina Stech, Lissandra Souto Cavalli
Aquaculture has many occupational hazards, including those that are physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and mechanical. The risks in aquaculture are inherent, as this activity requires particular practices. The protection of workers and the promotion of health and safety at work have been established to avoid risks. As a business under rapid expansion, aquaculture requires specific and well-established industry programs and policies, especially in developing countries. Aquaculture still lacks scientific research, strategies, laws, and public policies to boost the sector with regard to occupational health and safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129077/contributing-causes-of-injury-or-death-in-grain-entrapment-engulfment-and-extrication
#17
Salah Fuad Issa, William E Field, Charles V Schwab, Fadi S Issa, Eric Nauman
OBJECTIVES: Grain entrapments and engulfments are one of most common hazards associated with grain storage facilities with over 1,140 such entrapments/engulfments documented since the 1970's. The objective of the study was to determine the factors that contribute to injury or death in grain entrapment, engulfment and extrication cases. METHODS: A literature review, including data contained in the Purdue Agricultural Confined Spaces Incident Database was conducted to determine the conditions that the body experiences during an entrapment or engulfment in grains and during extrication efforts...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118110/heat-exposure-in-central-florida-fernery-workers-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#18
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, Vicki Hertzberg, Linda A McCauley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of field-based biomonitoring of heat-related illness (HRI) phenomena in Florida farmworkers. We determined feasibility through participant interviews regarding acceptability, data capture, recruitment and retention, and observed barriers and challenges to implementation. METHODS: Study participants were employed in fernery operations in northeast Central Florida where ornamental ferns are grown and harvested in a seasonally high heat environment...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#19
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103182/trends-in-non-fatal-agricultural-injury-in-maine-and-new-hampshire-results-from-a-low-cost-passive-surveillance-system
#20
Erika Scott, Erin Bell, Liane Hirabayashi, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins
Agriculture is a dangerous industry, and although data on fatal injuries exists, less is known about non-fatal injuries. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe trends in agricultural morbidity in Maine and New Hampshire from 2008-2010 using a newly established passive surveillance system. This passive system is supplied by injury cases gathered from pre-hospital care reports and hospital data. METHODS: Demographics and specifics of the event were recorded for each incident case...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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