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Journal of Agromedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139185/pesticide-exposure-and-cholinesterase-levels-in-migrant-farm-workers-in-thailand
#1
Anamai Thetkathuek, Pornthip Yenjai, Wanlop Jaidee, Patchana Jaidee, Poonsak Sriprapat
In this study we examined the effects of pesticides in migrant farm workers from Cambodia after workplace exposure on fruit plantations in eastern Thailand. We studied 891 migrant farm workers employed on pineapple, durian, and rambutan plantations in Thailand. Data were collected via a detailed questionnaire survey and measurements of serum cholinesterase level (SChE). The majority of subjects was male (57.7%), with an average age of 30.3 years. Most subjects (76.8%) were moderately aware of good industrial hygiene practices...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129083/pesticides-perceived-threat-and-protective-behaviors-among-latino-farmworkers
#2
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine LePrevost, Bob Wong, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and beliefs of 72 Latino farmworkers in North Carolina about the threat of health effects of pesticides, including cancer. It sought to explore relationships between threat perceptions and pesticide protective behaviors observed in the field. METHODS/RESULTS: Utilizing stepwise multiple regression, we found that years worked in agriculture in the United States was associated with decreased use of protective clothing...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129081/financial-considerations-for-health-and-safety-in-the-australian-dairy-industry
#3
Tony Lower, Kirrily Pollock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the burden of fatal and workers compensation related injuries on the dairy sector in Australia and to assess current financial inputs for Work Health and Safety actions. METHODS: The first and second phase entailed a review of the financial costs associated with fatal (2001-13) and workers compensation cases (2008-09 to 2012-13). The third element was a case study approach focusing on actual production and cost data from a small sample of dairy farms (n=6) to ascertain an estimate for current financial inputs to Work Health and Safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129079/utilization-of-boxes-for-pesticide-storage-in-sri-lanka
#4
Ravi Pieris, Manjula Weerasinghe, Tharaka Abeywickrama, Gamini Manuweera, Michael Eddleston, Andrew Dawson, Flemming Konradsen
Pesticide self-poisoning is now considered one of the two most common methods of suicide worldwide. Encouraging safe storage of pesticides is one particular approach aimed at reducing pesticide self-poisoning. CropLife Sri Lanka (the local association of pesticide manufacturers), with the aid of the Department of Agriculture, distributed lockable in-house pesticide storage boxes free of charge to a farming community in a rural district of Sri Lanka. Padlocks were not provided with the boxes. These storage boxes were distributed to the farmers without prior education...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129078/occupational-health-and-safety-in-aquaculture-insights-on-brazilian-public-policies
#5
Pedro Keller de Oliveira, Richard Souto Cavalli, Hiran Castagnino Kunert Filho, Daiane Carvalho, Nadine Benedetti, Marco Aurélio Rotta, Augusto Sávio Peixoto Ramos, Kelly Cristina Tagliari de Brito, Benito Guimarães de Brito, Andréa Ferretto da Rocha, Marcia Regina Stech, Lissandra Souto Cavalli
Aquaculture has many occupational hazards, including those that are physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and mechanical. The risks in aquaculture are inherent, as this activity requires particular practices. The protection of workers and the promotion of health and safety at work have been established to avoid risks. As a business under rapid expansion, aquaculture requires specific and well-established industry programs and policies, especially in developing countries. Aquaculture still lacks scientific research, strategies, laws, and public policies to boost the sector with regard to occupational health and safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129077/contributing-causes-of-injury-or-death-in-grain-entrapment-engulfment-and-extrication
#6
Salah Fuad Issa, William E Field, Charles V Schwab, Fadi S Issa, Eric Nauman
OBJECTIVES: Grain entrapments and engulfments are one of most common hazards associated with grain storage facilities with over 1,140 such entrapments/engulfments documented since the 1970's. The objective of the study was to determine the factors that contribute to injury or death in grain entrapment, engulfment and extrication cases. METHODS: A literature review, including data contained in the Purdue Agricultural Confined Spaces Incident Database was conducted to determine the conditions that the body experiences during an entrapment or engulfment in grains and during extrication efforts...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118110/heat-exposure-in-central-florida-fernery-workers-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#7
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, Vicki Hertzberg, Linda A McCauley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of field-based biomonitoring of heat-related illness (HRI) phenomena in Florida farmworkers. We determined feasibility through participant interviews regarding acceptability, data capture, recruitment and retention, and observed barriers and challenges to implementation. METHODS: Study participants were employed in fernery operations in northeast Central Florida where ornamental ferns are grown and harvested in a seasonally high heat environment...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#8
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103182/trends-in-non-fatal-agricultural-injury-in-maine-and-new-hampshire-results-from-a-low-cost-passive-surveillance-system
#9
Erika Scott, Erin Bell, Liane Hirabayashi, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins
: Agriculture is a dangerous industry, and although data on fatal injuries exists, less is known about non-fatal injuries. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe trends in agricultural morbidity in Maine and New Hampshire from 2008-2010 using a newly established passive surveillance system. This passive system is supplied by injury cases gathered from pre-hospital care reports and hospital data. METHODS: Demographics and specifics of the event were recorded for each incident case...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095211/social-networking-in-an-agricultural-research-center-using-data-to-enhance-outcomes
#10
Mary E Cramer, Ozgur M Araz, Mary J Wendl
The purpose of this article is to present a case study of one Midwestern Agricultural Center that used social network analysis (SNA) to 1) evaluate its collaborations with extramural stakeholders and 2) strategically plan for extending outreach for goal achievement. An evaluation team developed a data collection instrument based on SNA principles. It was administered to the Agricultural Center's intramural stakeholders (N = 9), who were asked to identify the key extramural stakeholders with whom they had collaborated within the previous 12 months...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095210/fatal-incidents-in-australia-s-older-farmers-2001-2015
#11
Noeline Monaghan, Tony Lower, Margaret Rolfe
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses non-intentional injury deaths of older farmers and the causal agents associated with these fatalities in Australia (2001-2015). It also explores approaches based on the hierarchy of risk controls to reduce fatalities and injuries in this cohort Methods: Data on farm-related incidents were sourced from the National Coroners Information System (NCIS) for the study period and coded. Rates were calculated and regression analyses completed to assess trends over time...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095135/respirator-use-among-us-farm-operators-with-asthma-results-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#12
Megan L Casey, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of respirator use among farm operators with farm work-related asthma and factors associated with respirator use. METHODS: The authors examined the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey, a national survey collected from 11,210 actively farming farm operators in the United States. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPORs) of respirator use were calculated by demographic characteristics, farm characteristics, asthma characteristics and selected exposures and hazards...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976996/the-help-we-need
#13
Matthew C Keifer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976995/-peer-reviewer-of-the-year-2017-honorable-mention
#14
Scott Heiberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976994/journal-of-agromedicine-peer-reviewer-of-the-year-2017-joan-d-flocks
#15
Joan D Flocks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976993/journal-of-agromedicine-leader-in-the-field-2017-william-j-nelson
#16
Scott Heiberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819538/anthropology-in-farm-safety
#17
Kim Fortun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808601/anthropology-in-agricultural-health-and-safety-research-and-intervention
#18
Thomas Arcury
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary, I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the articles in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782783/-when-this-breaks-down-it-s-black-gold-race-and-gender-in-agricultural-health-and-safety
#19
Kathrine Lynn Barnes, Casper G Bendixsen
Farmers are growing older, and fewer new agriculturists are rising to take their place. Concurrently, women and minorities are entering agriculture at an increasing rate. These rates are particularly curious viewed in light of the racialized and gendered nature of agriculture. Slavery and agriculture share strong historical roots, with many male slaves performing agricultural labor. So then, why would African American women choose to engage in agriculture in any form? Participant observation and in-depth interviews with a group of African American women urban farmers in the southeastern United States were asked this question...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767835/the-intersection-of-anthropology-and-agricultural-health
#20
Kendall Thu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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