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Journal of Agromedicine

Kim Fortun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Thomas Arcury
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the papers in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Kathrine Lynn Barnes, Casper G Bendixsen
Farmers are growing older, and fewer new agriculturists are rising to take their place. Concurrently, women and minorities are entering agriculture at an increasing rate. These rates are particularly curious viewed in light of the racialized and gendered nature of agriculture. Slavery and agriculture share strong historical roots with many male slaves performing agricultural labor. So then, why would African American women choose to engage in agriculture in any form? Participant-observation and in-depth interviews with a group of African American women urban farmers in the southeastern United States were asked this question...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Kendall Thu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Brandi Janssen, Matthew W Nonnemann
Health and safety professionals often call for an improved safety culture in agriculture. Such a shift would result in agricultural practices that prioritize safe work habits and see safety as both an effective means to improve production and a goal worth pursuing in its own right. This paper takes an anthropological approach and demonstrates the potential for new institutional theory to conceptualize broader cultural change in agriculture. New institutional theory examines the roles of organizations and the ways that they inform and support broad social institutions...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
C G Bendixsen
Agriculture is the most dangerous occupation in the United States for both workers and bystanders. Family farms highlight an intersection of domesticity and labor. Agrarian ethics of animal husbandry, land stewardship, and kinship are often conflated and constructed to accommodate unpredictable risks (e.g., weather, financial markets). Here, the right or good agricultural practice is assessed in light of an acute event. Risks of illness and injury are often relegated to the realm of acute unpredictability and accepted as intrinsic to desirable ways of life...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Shedra A Snipes, Sharon P Cooper, Eva M Shipp
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes how perceived discrimination shapes the way Latino farmworkers encounter injuries and seek out treatment. METHODS: After 5 months of ethnographic fieldwork, 89 open-ended, semi-structured interviews were analyzed. NVivo was used to code and qualitatively organize the interviews and field notes. Finally, codes, notes, and co-occurring dynamics were used to iteratively assess the data for major themes. RESULTS: The primary source of perceived discrimination was the "boss" or farm owner...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Julie A Sorensen, Pamela J Tinc, Rebecca Weil, David Droullard
Risk behaviors are key drivers of occupationally related injuries and illnesses, considerably impacting the uptake and success of injury interventions, technologies, and practices. This is certainly true in the agricultural sector, where farmers often ignore recommended safety practices or have even been known to disable safety technologies. Although research studies have characterized specific individual safety or risk behaviors, few studies have thoroughly examined farmers' risk and safety orientations or how these develop in response to environmental and societal exposures...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Iris Reyes, Tammy Ellis, Aaron Yoder, Matthew C Keifer
As the use of mobile devices and their software applications, or apps, becomes ubiquitous, use amongst agricultural working populations is expanding as well. The smart device paired with a well-designed app has potential for improving workplace health and safety in the hands of those who can act upon the information provided. Many apps designed to assess workplace hazards and implementation of worker protections already exist. However, the abundance and diversity of such applications also presents challenges regarding evaluation practices and assignation of value...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Marisa da Silva, Nadja Stadlinger, Aviti J Mmochi, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Gaetano Marrone
The agrarian population in low- and middle-income countries suffers from a number of adverse health effects due to pesticide exposure. In Zanzibar, the government subsidizes pesticides to enhance local rice production. The objectives of this study were to assess Zanzibar smallholder rice farmers' pesticide use and self-reported health symptoms in relation to pesticide exposure, training, and use of protective measures and to raise awareness for future local policy formulation. An exploratory cross-sectional interviewer-administered study was conducted among 99 rice farmers...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Hyocher Kim, Kimmo Räsänen, Hyeseon Chae, Kyungsu Kim, Kyungran Kim, Kyungsuk Lee
Agriculture is known to be a risk-filled industry in South Korea, as it is worldwide. The aims of this study were to identify the magnitude of farm work-related injuries and evaluate the association between injury and possible risk factors. Farmers, including farm members (N = 16,160), were surveyed. After excluding 7 subjects with missing data in questions about injury, 16,153 farmer responses were used for the analysis. Of the 16,153 farmers, 3.6% answered having at least one farm work-related injury requiring outpatient treatment or hospitalization during 2012...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Brit Logstein
The agricultural sector in Norway has undergone structural changes over the past 50 years. The objective of this study was to analyze the distribution of concerns about farm economy, work time, and mental complaints among Norwegian farmers. In a sample of single principal owner-operators (n = 2,676), we calculated the unadjusted and adjusted odd ratios (ORs) for concerns about the farm economy, concerns for insufficient time to complete work, and high symptom load of mental complaints. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to explore the associations between farm characteristics, concerns, and mental health...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Daniel A Autenrieth, William J Brazile, David I Douphrate, Ivette N Román-Muñiz, Stephen J Reynolds
Effective methods to reduce work-related injuries and illnesses in animal production agriculture are sorely needed. One approach that may be helpful for agriculture producers is the adoption of occupational health and safety management systems. In this replication study, the authors compared the injury rates on 32 poultry growing operations with the level of occupational health and safety management system programming at each farm. Overall correlations between injury rates and programming level were determined, as were correlations between individual management system subcomponents to ascertain which parts might be the most useful for poultry producers...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
This analysis examines the associations of housing conditions with mental health among migrant farmworkers. Data are from a 2010 cross-sectional study conducted in 16 North Carolina counties. Interviews and housing inspections were completed with 371 farmworkers in 186 camps. Mental health measures included depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D), anxiety (Personality Assessment Inventory, PAI), and alcohol misuse (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, AUDIT-C). Housing measures were number of people per sleeping room, perceived security of self and belongings, having a key to dwelling's door, having bedroom storage, toilet privacy issues, and number of housing regulation violations...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Prakash R Mulay, Philip Cavicchia, Sharon M Watkins, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Michael Wiese, Geoffrey M Calvert
Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is a new soil fumigant that is considered a replacement for methyl bromide. In 2014, the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) received several complaints of illness following a strong DMDS odor in Hillsborough County. Public health investigation of DMDS-related illness was conducted to assess illness and identify areas to target for prevention activities. This investigation included surveillance, interviews, review of medical records, review of supporting documentation, and determination of pesticide-related illness and injury case status...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Claire Bossard, Gaëlle Santin, Irina Guseva Canu
Numerous studies have found agricultural workers, including farmers, at elevated risk of suicide, and socioeconomic conditions have been suggested as one of the important determinants of this mortality cause. The real agricultural income per worker in Europe increased steadily from 2005 to 2007 and then fell by 1.8% in 2008 and by 11.6% in 2009. This drop was particularly pronounced in France. Repeated cross-sectional studies were conducted to investigate suicide mortality rates among French farmers in 2007-2009...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Hamida A Jinnah, Zolinda Stoneman
Farm youth continue to experience high rates of injuries and premature deaths as a result of agricultural activities. Increased parental permissiveness is positively associated with many different types of high-risk behaviors in youth. This study explored whether permissive parenting (fathering and mothering) predicts youth unsafe behaviors on the farm. Data were analyzed for 67 youth and their parents. Families were recruited from a statewide farm publication, through youth organizations (i.e., FFA [Future Farmers of America]), local newspapers, farmer referrals, and through the Cooperative Extension Network...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Mo-Yeol Kang, Myeong-Jun Lee, HweeMin Chung, Dong-Hee Shin, Kan-Woo Youn, Sang-Hyuk Im, Hye Seon Chae, Kyung Suk Lee
Farming is a strenuous occupation with various health risks, with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) being some of the most common. The risk factors for MSDs among Korean farmers are not well understood. Data were obtained from the Korean Farmers' Occupational Disease and Injury Survey (2012), which interviewed 16,113 participants regarding their demographic profiles, self-reported MSDs, and agricultural characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for MSDs. Subjects reported MSDs in the neck or upper extremities (5...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Julia F Storm, Catherine E LePrevost, Robin Tutor-Marcom, W Gregory Cope
Certified Safe Farm (CSF) is a multimodal safety and health program developed and assessed through multiple controlled intervention studies in Iowa. Although developed with the intent to be broadly applicable to agriculture, CSF has not been widely implemented outside the midwestern United States. This article describes the CSF implementation process in North Carolina (NC), as piloted on a large-scale in three agriculturally diverse and productive counties of NC, and reports its effectiveness using the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
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