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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905007/proposal-for-an-update-of-the-definition-and-scope-of-behavioral-medicine-commentary
#1
Stephen M Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900733/web-based-self-help-for-problematic-alcohol-use-a-large-naturalistic-study
#2
Magnus Johansson, Kristina Sinadinovic, Anders Hammarberg, Christopher Sundström, Ulric Hermansson, Sven Andreasson, Anne H Berman
PURPOSE: This observational study examined user characteristics, intervention use patterns, and variables associated with reductions in alcohol consumption for anonymous Internet help-seekers using a Web-based self-help program. METHOD: A Web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with eight modules delivered over 10 weeks was offered to participants with at least hazardous use of alcohol according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) (n = 4165)...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900732/reflections-on-the-proposed-definition-and-scope-of-behavioral-medicine
#3
Norito Kawakami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900731/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-korean-version-of-the-stigma-scale-for-chronic-illness-8-items-ssci-8-in-patients-with-neurological-disorders
#4
Sung-Hee Yoo, Sung Reul Kim, Hyang Sook So, Hyang-In Cho Chung, Duck Hee Chae, Myeong-Kyu Kim, Byeong C Kim, Man-Seok Park, Seung-Han Lee, Tai-Seung Nam, Helena Correia, David Cella
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop a Korean version of the Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness 8-items (SSCI-8) and then assess its reliability and construct validity among patients with neurological conditions. METHOD: Patients diagnosed with stroke, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were recruited. Reliability was assessed for internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to extract potential factors of Korean SSCI-8...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882490/defining-the-field-of-behavioral-medicine-a-collaborative-endeavor
#5
Joost Dekker, Adrienne Stauder, Frank J Penedo
PURPOSE: To respond to comments on our proposal for an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine. METHODS: We identify common themes in the comments and provide a response. RESULTS: We discuss the relationship of behavioral medicine to other disciplines and fields, the scope of behavioral medicine, and issues related to the application of behavioral medicine. CONCLUSION: Based on the comments of our esteemed colleagues and our reflection on those comments, we now offer the following refined definition and scope of behavioral medicine...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882489/psychological-distress-mediates-the-effect-of-alexithymia-on-2-year-change-in-hiv-viral-load
#6
Roger C McIntosh, Gail Ironson, Michael Antoni, Betty Lai, Mahendra Kumar, Mary Ann Fletcher, Neil Schneiderman
PURPOSE: Individuals with trait alexithymia (AL) display poor cognitive assimilation of thoughts, feelings, and emotions. This may result in the persistence of stress, anxiety, and depressive disorders. The cumulative effect of this psychological distress is also linked clinical markers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. This study examines the indirect effect of AL on HIV viral load as a function of baseline levels and change in psychological distress. METHODS: N = 123 HIV positive adults aged 37...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844399/behavioral-medicine-and-related-disciplines
#7
Urs M Nater
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844398/proposal-for-an-update-of-the-definition-and-scope-of-behavioral-medicine
#8
Joost Dekker, Adrienne Stauder, Frank J Penedo
PURPOSE: We aim to provide an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine in the Charter of ISBM, as the present version was developed more than 25 years ago. METHODS: We identify issues which need clarification or updating. This leads us to propose an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine. RESULTS: Issues in need of clarification or updating include the scope of behavioral medicine (biobehavioral mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and intervention, and prevention and health promotion); research as an essential characteristic of all three areas of behavioral medicine; the application of behavioral medicine; the terminology of behavioral medicine as a multidisciplinary field; and the relationship and distinction between behavioral medicine, mental health, health psychology, and psychosomatic medicine...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834043/psychometric-properties-of-an-arabic-pain-anxiety-symptoms-scale-20-pass-20-in-healthy-volunteers-and-patients-attending-a-physiotherapy-clinic
#9
Osama A Tashani, Oras A AlAbas, Raafat A M Kabil, Mark I Johnson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the PASS-20 questionnaire for use in Libya. METHODS: Participants were 71 patients (42 women) attending the physiotherapy clinic, Ibn Sina Hospital, Sirt, Libya for management of persistent pain and 137 healthy unpaid undergraduate students (52 women) from the University of Sirt, Libya. The English PASS-20 was translated into Arabic. Patients completed the Arabic PASS-20 and the Arabic Pain Rating Scales on two occasions separated by a 14-day interval...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830446/sedentary-behavior-and-sleep-problems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yan Yang, Jong Cheol Shin, Dongying Li, Ruopeng An
PURPOSE: Sedentary behavior, characterized by a sitting or reclining posture and low-energy expenditure, has been recognized as an independent health risk factor. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the association between sedentary behavior and sleep problems. METHOD: Keyword and reference search were performed in PubMed, Cochrance Library, and Web of Science databases to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality of each study was assessed by standardized tools...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822664/assessment-of-motivational-cognitions-in-diabetes-self-care-the-motivation-thought-frequency-scales-for-glucose-testing-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating
#11
Sophie C Parham, David J Kavanagh, Christian A Gericke, Neil King, Jon May, Jackie Andrade
PURPOSE: There is a need for improved measurement of motivation for diabetes self-care. The Elaborated Intrusion Theory of Desire offers a coherent framework for understanding and identifying the cognitive-affective events that constitute the subjective experience of motivation and may therefore inform the development of such an instrument. Recent research has shown the resultant Motivation Thought Frequency scale (MTF) to have a stable factor structure (Intensity, Incentives Imagery, Self-Efficacy Imagery, Availability) when applied to physical activity, excessive snacking or alcohol use in the general population...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815772/does-childhood-temperamental-activity-predict-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-over-a-30-year-period-evidence-from-the-young-finns-study
#12
Xiaolin Yang, Kaisa Kaseva, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Mirja Hirvensalo, Markus Jokela, Mirka Hintsanen, Taina Hintsa, Anna Kankaanpää, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Tuija Tammelin
PURPOSE: We examined associations between childhood temperamental activity, physical activity (PA), and television (TV) viewing over a 30-year period. METHOD: The participants (1220 boys and 1237 girls) were aged 3, 6, 9, and 12 years in 1980 and were followed until 2011. Temperamental activity was evaluated by participants' mothers at baseline. The PA was assessed based on maternal ratings of the child from ages 3 to 6 and via self-report age from the age of 9 across all measurements...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800575/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-socio-cultural-norms-and-sunbathing
#13
John Mingoia, Amanda Hutchinson, Carlene Wilson
PURPOSE: The tripartite influence model (Thompson et al. 1999) proposes that internalized appearance ideals mediate the relationship between socio-cultural norms endorsing a tanned appearance and sunbathing. This study examined the extent to which socio-cultural norms lead to an idealization of darker skin, which in turn predicts sunbathing. This study also explored whether the relationship between an internalized muscular physique and sunbathing is moderated by sex. METHODS: Adult males (N = 124) and females (N = 175) completed an online questionnaire measuring socio-cultural norms endorsing a tanned appearance, internalization of mesomorphic and tanned ideals, and sunbathing...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796964/abstracts-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770293/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-versus-extended-internet-intervention-for-problem-drinkers
#15
John A Cunningham, Gillian W Shorter, Michelle Murphy, Vladyslav Kushnir, Jürgen Rehm, Christian S Hendershot
PURPOSE: Brief Internet interventions have been shown to reduce alcohol consumption. This trial intended to compare the effects of one such brief intervention to an extended Internet intervention for problem drinkers. METHOD: Using online advertising, 490 participants, 18 years or older, were recruited and randomized to receive a brief ( CheckYourDrinking.net ) versus an extended ( AlcoholHelpCentre.net ) Internet intervention and were followed up at 6, 12, and 24 months...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757844/computer-based-interventions-for-problematic-alcohol-use-a-review-of-systematic-reviews
#16
Christopher Sundström, Matthijs Blankers, Zarnie Khadjesari
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of knowledge and knowledge gaps in the field of computer-based alcohol interventions by (1) collating evidence on the effectiveness of computer-based alcohol interventions in different populations and (2) exploring the impact of four specified moderators of effectiveness: therapeutic orientation, length of intervention, guidance and trial engagement. METHODS: A review of systematic reviews of randomized trials reporting on effectiveness of computer-based alcohol interventions published between 2005 and 2015...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757843/illness-perceptions-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-coping-a-mediator
#17
S J H van Erp, L K M P Brakenhoff, M Vollmann, D van der Heijde, R A Veenendaal, H H Fidder, D W Hommes, A A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong, M Scharloo
PURPOSE: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often experience severe impairment in different life domains. Psychological factors, such as illness perceptions and coping, may play a role in the adjustment to IBD as indicated by mental and physical health, activity, and work impairment. The present study aimed at examining the assumption of the Common Sense Model (CSM) that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and adjustment in patients with IBD. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 211 IBD patients (73 % Crohn's disease, 40 % male, mean age 42...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757842/translating-dental-flossing-intentions-into-behavior-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-mediating-effect-of-planning-and-self-efficacy-on-young-adults
#18
Kyra Hamilton, Mikaela Bonham, Jason Bishara, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
PURPOSE: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. METHOD: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757841/classifying-fibromyalgia-syndrome-as-a-mental-disorder-an-ambulatory-assessment-study
#19
Kristina Klaus, Susanne Fischer, Johanna M Doerr, Urs M Nater, Ricarda Mewes
PURPOSE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is associated with psychological distress. The recent revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) raises the question of whether FMS is classifiable as "somatic symptom disorder" (SSD) and consequently as a mental disorder. To address this, the present ambulatory assessment study focuses on the everyday life occurrence of SSD symptoms in FMS and their predictive value concerning severity indicators of widespread pain...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757840/the-key-role-of-pain-catastrophizing-in-the-disability-of-patients-with-acute-back-pain
#20
C Ramírez-Maestre, R Esteve, G Ruiz-Párraga, L Gómez-Pérez, A E López-Martínez
PURPOSE: This study investigated the role of anxiety sensitivity, resilience, pain catastrophizing, depression, pain fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain intensity in patients with acute back pain-related disability. METHOD: Two hundred and thirty-two patients with acute back pain completed questionnaires on anxiety sensitivity, resilience, pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, depression, pain intensity, and disability. RESULTS: A structural equation modelling analysis revealed that anxiety sensitivity was associated with pain catastrophizing, and resilience was associated with lower levels of depression...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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