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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Efrat Neter, Shira Goren
PURPOSE: Some of the women that go through repeated fertility treatments will not adjust well to the treatments and will experience increased distress. The present study examined how centrality of the fertility problem in the woman's identity and dispositional goal adjustment (disengagement and reengagement) are associated with the woman's psychological adjustment. These issues are examined in a context of a pro-natal society (Israel) where parenthood is a major life goal. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three women in ongoing fertility treatments filled out questionnaires, and follow-up on their psychological well-being was carried out after 3 months (N = 130)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Grant J McGeechan, Dawn Phillips, Lynn Wilson, Vicki J Whittaker, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
PURPOSE: This paper outlines a service evaluation of an exercise referral scheme for adults suffering from a variety of physical or mental health conditions or who were deemed are at risk of developing such conditions. The evaluation aimed to assess the impact of the scheme at increasing physical activity and at reducing BMI and waist circumference. METHOD: This was a retrospective evaluation looking at levels of physical activity and changes to anthropometric measures over a period of 6 months...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Carol Wang, Celia C Y Wong, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE) is defined as the desire to express emotion but failing to do so. Recent studies have revealed that AEE is associated with more pain. Pain is common among cancer survivors. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between AEE and pain, its underlying mechanism, and cultural relevance among cancer survivors. METHODS: Ninety-six Chinese American breast cancer survivors completed a questionnaire package assessing AEE and pain...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Malvern Chiweshe, Catriona Macleod
PURPOSE: Health service providers play a crucial role in providing post abortion care in countries where abortion legislation is restrictive and abortion is stigmatised. Research in countries where these factors apply has shown that health service providers can be barriers to women accessing post abortion services. Much of this research draws from attitude theory. In this paper, we utilise positioning theory to show how the ways in which Zimbabwean health service providers' position women and themselves are rooted in cultural and social power relations...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Magnús Ólason, Rúnar H Andrason, Inga H Jónsdóttir, Hlín Kristbergsdóttir, Mark P Jensen
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is known to be effective for treating depression and anxiety in patients with chronic pain, but there is limited research studying the long-term benefits of CBT in this population. The present study evaluated the effects of CBT provided in the context of an interdisciplinary pain management program with a 3-year follow-up. METHODS: One hundred fifteen patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain participated in an interdisciplinary pain management program...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Martin Wagner, Götz Gelbrich, Julia Kircher, Kornelia Kotseva, David Wood, Caroline Morbach, Rainer Leyh, Georg Ertl, Wolfgang Karmann, Stefan Störk, Peter U Heuschmann
PURPOSE: Evidence is limited on implementation of secondary prevention guidelines for coronary heart disease (CHD) in clinical practice and variations between younger and elder patients. We investigated the control of cardiovascular risk factors in German patients with CHD enrolled in the European-wide EUROASPIRE IV survey, stratified by younger (18-69 years) and older (70-79 years) age groups. METHOD: Eligible subjects were identified via the hospitals' patient information system and invited to attend a study visit 6 months to 3 years after hospitalization for CHD (myocardial infarction, ischemia, angioplasty/stent, coronary bypass grafting)...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Joseph Chilcot, Rona Moss-Morris, Micol Artom, Larissa Harden, Federica Picariello, Hector Hughes, Sarah Bates, Iain C Macdougall
We wish to highlight a discrepancy with regards to the reported mean fatigue severity score (mean = 28.3, standard deviation = 6.5). Since publication we have followed this sample up over time and are currently evaluating the longitudinal trajectories of fatigue severity.
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Melissa L Martinson, Yu-Ling Chang, Wen-Jui Han, Jun Wen
PURPOSE: Childhood overweight and obesity is on the rise in China and in Chinese cities in particular. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of income differences in childhood overweight in Shanghai, China, and examine demographic, social, and behavioral explanations for these differences. METHODS: Using the 2014 Child Well-Being Study of Shanghai, China-a survey that included extensive contextual information on children and their families in China's most populous city, prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios of child overweight and obesity at age 7 were calculated by income tercile controlling for a wide variety of sociodemographic variables...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Diana Tăut
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the construction of breastfeeding in public, as depicted in the stories and the opinions of women participating in discussions on public forums. METHOD: There were 8 discussion forums selected, from which 769 messages were subjected to a narrative analysis further informed by recurrent themes identified in the literature and across messages. The emerging narratives were grouped based on their valence, and three broader categories of themes were formed, highlighting the predominant tone towards breastfeeding in public...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Michelle Van Laethem, Debby G J Beckers, Sabine A E Geurts, Johanna Garefelt, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber
PURPOSE: The aim of this longitudinal three-wave study was to examine (i) reciprocal associations among job demands, work-related perseverative cognition (PC), and sleep quality; (ii) PC as a mediator in-between job demands and sleep quality; and (iii) continuous high job demands in relation to sleep quality and work-related PC over time. METHOD: A representative sample of the Swedish working population was approached in 2010, 2012, and 2014, and 2316 respondents were included in this longitudinal full-panel survey study...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Yvette Meuleman, Tiny Hoekstra, Friedo W Dekker, Paul J M van der Boog, Sandra van Dijk
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the importance of perceived sodium reduction barriers among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify associated sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. METHOD: A total of 156 patients with CKD completed a questionnaire assessing sodium reduction barriers (18 self-formulated items), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), perceived autonomy support (Modified Health Care Climate Questionnaire), and self-efficacy (Partners in Health Questionnaire)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
John A Sturgeon, Jennifer M Hah, Yasamin Sharifzadeh, Stephanie K Middleton, Thomas Rico, Kevin A Johnson, Sean C Mackey
PURPOSE: A key component to chronic pain management regimens is the use of analgesic medications. Psychological factors, such as mood states, may also affect the use of pain medications for individuals with chronic pain, but few observational studies have examined how these factors may predict pain medication use at the daily level. METHODS: Daily assessments from 104 individuals with back pain were used to examine fluctuations in daily pain intensity, mood, sleep quality, and physical activity as predictors of the likelihood of pain medication (opioid and non-opioid) use and levels of medication use on the same day...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kyra Hamilton, Martin S Hagger
PURPOSE: Fruit and vegetable intake (FV) is insufficient in industrialized nations and there is excess of discretionary food choices (DC; foods high in fat, sugar, and salt). Long-haul truck drivers are considered a particularly at-risk group given the limited food choices and normatively reinforced eating habits at truck rest-stops. Self-efficacy and normative support are key determinants of eating behavior yet the processes underlying their effects on behavior are not well understood...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Alicia M Hughes, Colette R Hirsch, Stephanie Nikolaus, Trudie Chalder, Hans Knoop, Rona Moss-Morris
PURPOSE: This study aims to replicate a UK study, with a Dutch sample to explore whether attention and interpretation biases and general attentional control deficits in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are similar across populations and cultures. METHOD: Thirty eight Dutch CFS participants were compared to 52 CFS and 51 healthy participants recruited from the UK. Participants completed self-report measures of symptoms, functioning, and mood, as well as three experimental tasks (i) visual-probe task measuring attentional bias to illness (somatic symptoms and disability) versus neutral words, (ii) interpretive bias task measuring positive versus somatic interpretations of ambiguous information, and (iii) the Attention Network Test measuring general attentional control...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Ana Luísa Patrão, Teresa M McIntyre
PURPOSE: In Mozambique, women are the most affected by HIV/AIDS. Self-efficacy is one of the main predictors of effective use of a condom. Therefore, it is essential to identify the factors that influence condom-use negotiation self-efficacy in vulnerable women. The aim of this paper is to identify socio-demographic, marital, and psychosocial factors associated with condom-use negotiation self-efficacy among Mozambican women at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants were women (173) who were patients at the Gynecology Department of the Central Hospital of Beira, Mozambique, and at risk for HIV infection...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Anne H Berman, Mette Terp Høybye, Matthijs Blankers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Håvar Brendryen, Ayna Johansen, Fanny Duckert, Sverre Nesvåg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a brief and an intensive self-help alcohol intervention and to assess the feasibility of recruiting to such interventions in a workplace setting. METHOD: Employees who screened positive for hazardous drinking (n = 85) received online personalized normative feedback and were randomly assigned to one out of two conditions: either they received an e-booklet about the effects of alcohol or they received a self-help intervention comprising 62 web-based, fully automated, and interactive sessions, plus reminder e-mails, and mobile phone text messages (Short Message Service)...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Linda Irvine, Ambrose J Melson, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, Andrew McKenzie, Claire Jones, Iain K Crombie
PURPOSE: This study identified the extent and nature of engagement with a theoretically based behaviour change text message intervention intended to reduce binge drinking. The data were from a randomised controlled trial tackling binge drinking among socially disadvantaged men. METHOD: An intervention, comprising 112 text messages, and based on the principles of the Health Action Process Approach, was delivered to 411 socially disadvantaged men. Participants sent almost 7500 responses to the text messages...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Hollie Jai Wilson, Gavan Palk, Mary Christina Sheehan, Darren Wishart, Barry Watson
PURPOSE: Digital interventions to reduce risk behaviours are emerging as effective public health measures; however, few have been applied to drink driving and associated alcohol use based on a harm reduction perspective. This paper reports on the design, development, and pilot of a novel intervention which aims to reduce repeat offending by first-time convicted drink driving offenders. It explores whether an online program is acceptable and user friendly and contains useful and relevant content, with a sample of first-time drink driving offenders recruited at the time of conviction...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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