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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795355/effects-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-education-on-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-during-a-13-year-follow-up
#1
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Hasti Masihay Akbar, Leila Cheraghi, Mehrdad Karimi, Fereidoun Azizi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine effects of community-based healthy lifestyle education on the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Tehranian children considering parental factors during a 13-year follow-up. METHODS: This study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) on 1603 healthy children, aged 8-18 years, who had complete parental data. Parental factors including MetS, education, age, occupation, and smoking were considered to distinguish parental clusters which could potentially predispose children to MetS...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779469/cognitive-and-perceptual-factors-not-disease-severity-are-linked-with-anxiety-in-copd-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Elyse R Thakur, Shubhada Sansgiry, Nancy J Petersen, Melinda Stanley, Mark E Kunik, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
PURPOSE: Guided by the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, the purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine clinical factors-demographics, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity, cognitive/perceptual variables (appraisal and coping)-and their relationship to clinically elevated symptoms of anxiety in a sample of veterans with COPD. METHOD: Participants included a sample of veterans with COPD, with or without comorbid congestive heart failure, and clinically significant symptoms of anxiety (n = 172, mean age = 65...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779468/fasting-glucose-and-the-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-instrumental-variable-regression-in-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#3
Karolina Wesołowska, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Markus Jokela, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Niina Pitkänen, Jari Lipsanen, Janne Tukiainen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Markus Juonala, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been associated with depressive symptoms, but the causal direction of this association and the underlying mechanisms, such as increased glucose levels, remain unclear. We used instrumental-variable regression with a genetic instrument (Mendelian randomization) to examine a causal role of increased glucose concentrations in the development of depressive symptoms. METHOD: Data were from the population-based Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (n = 1217)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755326/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-based-alcohol-intervention-in-a-workplace-setting
#4
Håvar Brendryen, Ayna Johansen, Fanny Duckert, Sverre Nesvåg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a brief and an intensive self-help alcohol intervention and to assess the feasibility of recruiting to such interventions in a workplace setting. METHOD: Employees who screened positive for hazardous drinking (n = 85) received online personalized normative feedback and were randomly assigned to one out of two conditions: either they received an e-booklet about the effects of alcohol or they received a self-help intervention comprising 62 web-based, fully automated, and interactive sessions, plus reminder e-mails, and mobile phone text messages (Short Message Service)...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755325/women-s-experiences-of-childbirth-in-serbian-public-healthcare-institutions-a-qualitative-study
#5
Biljana Stankovic
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to explore how women, users of public maternity healthcare services in Serbia, experience birth and what the most problematic relational aspects of institutional context associated with negative or even traumatic aspects of birth experiences are, as described by the women themselves. METHOD: An exploratory qualitative study was undertaken using semi-structured interviews with 15 primiparous women aged 26 to 49 who have recently given birth in different public healthcare institutions in Belgrade...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752414/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-and-relaxation-based-ehealth-interventions-for-patients-with-medical-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis
#6
Michael Mikolasek, Jonas Berg, Claudia M Witt, Jürgen Barth
PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to summarize eHealth studies with mindfulness- and relaxation-based interventions for medical conditions and to determine whether eHealth interventions have positive effects on health. METHOD: A comprehensive search of five databases was conducted for all available studies from 1990 to 2015. Studies were included if the intervention was mainly technology delivered and included a mindfulness- or relaxation-based intervention strategy and if patients with a medical condition were treated...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748378/validation-of-an-egyptian-arabic-version-of-skindex-16-and-quality-of-life-measurement-in-egyptian-patients-with-skin-disease
#7
Nagwa Essa, Sara Awad, Mariam Nashaat
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Skindex-16, a brief skin-disease-specific QoL questionnaire, into Arabic for Egyptians and to evaluate its measurement properties in Egyptian patients with skin disease. METHOD: Translation and cultural adaption were performed following guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related quality of life measures. Subsequently, Skindex-16 was administered to 500 consecutive dermatological patients and 500 healthy persons for verification of its reliability and validity...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#8
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702758/real-time-monitoring-of-engagement-with-a-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-binge-drinking-among-men-living-in-socially-disadvantaged-areas-of-scotland
#9
Linda Irvine, Ambrose J Melson, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, Andrew McKenzie, Claire Jones, Iain K Crombie
PURPOSE: This study identified the extent and nature of engagement with a theoretically based behaviour change text message intervention intended to reduce binge drinking. The data were from a randomised controlled trial tackling binge drinking among socially disadvantaged men. METHOD: An intervention, comprising 112 text messages, and based on the principles of the Health Action Process Approach, was delivered to 411 socially disadvantaged men. Participants sent almost 7500 responses to the text messages...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702757/mental-distress-factors-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-attending-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#10
Nijole Kazukauskiene, Julius Burkauskas, Jurate Macijauskiene, Inga Duoneliene, Vaidute Gelziniene, Vilija Jakumaite, Julija Brozaitiene
PURPOSE: There is still insufficient data on mental distress factors contributing to exercise capacity (EC) improvement before and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between various mental distress factors and EC before and after exercise-based CR (EBCR). METHODS: Over 12 months, 223 CAD patients (70% men, mean age 58 ± 9 years) were evaluated for socio-demographic, clinical, and mental distress symptoms as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699090/physical-behavior-profiles-in-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue
#11
M D J Wolvers, J B J Bussmann, F Z Bruggeman-Everts, S T Boerema, R van de Schoot, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
PURPOSE: Increasing physical activity level is a generally effective intervention goal for patients who suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). However, patients are unlikely to benefit equally from these interventions, as their behavioral starting points might vary substantially. Therefore, we explored patterns of physical behavior of participants who suffer from CCRF. METHODS: Baseline data of a randomized controlled trial were used for a latent profile analysis on nine accelerometer-derived physical behavior measures, describing levels and patterns of physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695416/sources-of-variability-in-physical-activity-among-inactive-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Marcin K Uszynski, Matthew P Herring, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
PURPOSE: Evidence supports that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Although application of principles from Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) may facilitate positive changes in PA behaviour among people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), the constructs often explain limited variance in PA. This study investigated the extent to which MS symptoms, including fatigue, depression, and walking limitations combined with the SCT constructs, explained more variance in PA than SCT constructs alone among pwMS...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688095/the-relation-of-light-to-moderate-alcohol-consumption-to-glucose-metabolism-and-insulin-resistance-in-nondiabetic-adults-the-moderating-effects-of-depressive-symptom-severity-adiposity-and-sex
#13
Edward C Suarez, Jean C Beckham, Kimberly T Green
PURPOSE: We examined the relation of alcohol consumption to glucose metabolism and insulin resistance (IR) as a function of depressive symptoms, adiposity, and sex. METHOD: Healthy adults (aged 18-65 years) provided fasting blood samples and information on lifestyle factors. Alcohol intake was categorized as never, infrequent (1-3 drinks/month), occasional (1-7 drinks/week), and regular (≥2 drinks/day) drinkers. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess symptom severity...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688094/risk-compensation-following-medical-male-circumcision-results-from-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-young-school-going-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#14
K Govender, G George, S Beckett, C Montague, J Frohlich
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess risk compensation following voluntary medical male circumcision of young school-going men. Risk compensation is defined as an inadvertent increase in sexual risk behaviors and a corresponding decrease in self-perceived risk for contracting HIV following the application of a risk reduction technology. METHODS: This study documented the sexual practices of circumcised (n = 485) and uncircumcised (n = 496) young men in 42 secondary schools at three time points (baseline and 6 and 12 months) in a sub-district of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685190/erratum-to-key-intervention-characteristics-in-e-health-steps-towards-standardized-communication
#15
Bridgette M Bewick, Steven J Ondersma, Mette T Høybye, Oskar Blakstad, Matthijs Blankers, Håvar Brendryen, Pål F Helland, Ayna B Johansen, Paul Wallace, Kristina Sinadinovic, Christopher Sundström, Anne H Berman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664420/treatment-beliefs-underlying-intended-treatment-choices-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#16
Ellen M H Selten, Rinie Geenen, Henk J Schers, Frank H J van den Hoogen, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Willemijn H van der Laan, Marc W Nijhof, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Johanna E Vriezekolk
PURPOSE: Patients' beliefs about treatment modalities for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) will underlie their treatment choices. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, it is hypothesized that patients' beliefs, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control guide their treatment choices. Also, symptom severity and one's inherent tendency to approach or avoid situations are assumed to play a role. The objective of this study was to test whether these variables were associated with intended treatment choices in knee and hip OA...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660535/the-stability-of-type-d-personality-in-dialysis-patients
#17
Wim L Loosman, Rianne W de Jong, Gertrud L G Haverkamp, Tessa O van den Beukel, Friedo W Dekker, Carl E H Siegert, Adriaan Honig
PURPOSE: Type D personality has been identified as an independent risk factor for survival in cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients. As CVD is present in about 50% of dialysis patients, it is of clinical interest to assess the prevalence of type D personality, the association with depressive and anxiety symptoms, and stability of type D personality in dialysis patients. METHODS: Data was used from two consecutive measurements of the DIVERS study, a prospective cohort study among chronic dialysis patients in the Netherlands...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639237/work-home-interference-perceived-total-workload-and-the-risk-of-future-sickness-absence-due-to-stress-related-mental-diagnoses-among-women-and-men-a-prospective-twin-study
#18
Pia Svedberg, Lisa Mather, Gunnar Bergström, Petra Lindfors, Victoria Blom
PURPOSE: Work-home interference has been proposed as an important explanation for sickness absence (SA). Previous studies show mixed results, have not accounted for familial factors (genetics and shared everyday environment), or investigated diagnosis specific SA. The aim was to study whether work-home interference and perceived total workload predict SA due to stress-related mental diagnoses, or SA due to other mental diagnoses, among women and men, when adjusting for various confounders and familial factors...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620775/normalization-as-a-strategy-for-maintaining-quality-of-life-while-coping-with-infertility-in-a-pronatalist-culture
#19
Yael Benyamini, Miri Gozlan, Ariel Weissman
PURPOSE: Infertility could be highly stressful, particularly in a pronatalist culture. We aimed to develop the concept and a measure of normalization (maintaining normal life routines and feeling "normal") as a strategy that could enable women with infertility maintain their quality of life (QoL) while coping with this condition. We tested its associations with women's well-being, distress and QoL in Israel, where being childless is socially unacceptable and highly stigmatized. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty Israeli women undergoing infertility treatment at a fertility community clinic filled in questionnaires assessing normalization-related coping strategies, QoL, and psychological adjustment (distress, wellbeing)...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#20
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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