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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Kim M Caudwell, Barbara A Mullan, Martin S Hagger
PURPOSE: The present study tested the efficacy of a theory-based online intervention comprising motivational (autonomy support) and volitional (implementation intention) components to reduce pre-drinking alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 202) completed self-report measures of constructs from psychological theories, pre-drinking alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related harm at baseline and were randomly assigned to one of four intervention conditions in a 2 (autonomy support: present/absent) × 2 (implementation intention: present/absent) design...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Eleanor R Bull, Nicola McCleary, Xinru Li, Stephan U Dombrowski, Elise Dusseldorp, Marie Johnston
PURPOSE: Healthy eating, physical activity and smoking interventions for low-income groups may have small, positive effects. Identifying effective intervention components could guide intervention development. This study investigated which content and delivery components of interventions were associated with increased healthy behavior in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for low-income adults. METHOD: Data from a review showing intervention effects in 35 RCTs containing 45 interventions with 17,000 participants were analysed to assess associations with behavior change techniques (BCTs) and delivery/context components from the template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Ingrid Demmelmaier
PURPOSE: To describe physiotherapists' (PTs') adoption of a theory-based skills training program preparing them to guide people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) within a 1-year intervention trial. METHOD: This was a longitudinal case study. Ten female PTs (age 25-59), delivering the HEPA intervention, participated. Data were collected on five occasions over a 19-month period: once before the training course, once after 4 course days, twice during the HEPA intervention and once after the HEPA intervention...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Navin Kaushal, Laurence Desjardins-Crépeau, Francis Langlois, Louis Bherer
PURPOSE: Exercise has been shown to have various proximal and distal benefits among older adults such as improving physical fitness, cognitive functioning, and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). Despite this evidence, limited research has investigated pathway change of these outcomes. The primary purpose of this study was to test if older adults who improved in physical fitness measures from engaging in multicomponent exercise training for 12 weeks predicted change in proximal (cognitive functioning) and distal (HR-QOL) outcomes, respectively...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer L Hay, Raymond E Baser, Joy S Westerman, Jennifer S Ford
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors undergo lifelong surveillance regimens that involve repeated diagnostic medical imaging. As many of these diagnostic tests use ionizing radiation, which may modestly increase cancer risks, they may present a source of worry for survivors. The aims of this paper are to describe cancer survivors' level of worry about medical imaging radiation (MIR) and to identify patterns of MIR worry across subgroups defined by cancer type, other medical and demographic factors, and physician trust...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kristen D Gleason, Jamie Stoothoff, Damani McClellan, Stephanie McManimen, Taylor Thorpe, Ben Z Katz, Leonard A Jason
PURPOSE: Chronic fatigue syndrome and myalgic encephalomyelitis are fatiguing illnesses that often result in long-term impairment in daily functioning. In reviewing case definitions, Thrope et al. (Fatigue 4(3):175-188, 2016) noted that the vast majority of case definitions used to describe these illnesses list a "substantial reduction" in activities as a required feature for diagnosis. However, there is no consensus on how to best operationalize the criterion of substantial reduction...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Luca Pancani, Davide Ausili, Andrea Greco, Ercole Vellone, Barbara Riegel
PURPOSE: Heart failure (HF) affects up to 14% of the elderly population and its prevalence is increasing. Self-care is fundamental to living successfully with this syndrome, but little is known about how self-care evolves over time. The present study aimed to (a) identify longitudinal trajectories of self-care confidence and maintenance among HF patients, (b) investigate whether each trajectory is characterized by specific sociodemographic and clinical patients' characteristics, and (c) assess the association between the self-care confidence and maintenance trajectories...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jane Murphy, Neidin Eustace, Kiran M Sarma, Gerard J Molloy
PURPOSE: Non-adherence to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) has been reported by almost half of OCP users. As the efficacy of the OCP requires daily adherence, poor adherence often leads to unplanned pregnancies in women who depend on this method of contraception. This study aims to investigate the association between habit strength and time- and place-based cues in the context of adherence to the OCP. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire of 245 current OCP users with a mean age of 22...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Linda K Larkey, Dara James, Michael Belyea, Mihyun Jeong, Lisa L Smith
PURPOSE: Meditative movement (MM) practices are increasingly being studied, including examination of the potential for these modalities to contribute to weight management. METHODS: A search was conducted for randomized controlled trials testing one or both of two forms of MM, Tai Chi and Qigong, reporting effects on changes in body composition. Data from these studies were extracted and tabled, and a meta-analysis of studies with inactive control conditions was conducted...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Carmen H Logie, Moses Okumu, Shannon Ryan, Mary Yehdego
PURPOSE: African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) women in Canada are disproportionately impacted by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Although there is reported suboptimal consistent condom use with ACB women, limited research has explored safer sex communication among this population. Coping frameworks highlight the role that resilient coping and condom use self-efficacy may play in facilitating safer sex communication. Structural perspectives stress the need to explore associations between HIV vulnerabilities and food insecurity...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Andrew W Manigault, Alex Woody, Peggy M Zoccola, Sally S Dickerson
PURPOSE: Researchers benefit from controlling for individual differences that systematically account for variance in acute cortisol responses (e.g., sex). Similarly, some suggest that education could be used as a cortisol covariate because prior work found a negative relationship between education and the magnitude of acute cortisol responses in middle-aged adults. Nevertheless, education is seldom controlled for in tests of cortisol responses to acute stress, in part because the effect of education on acute cortisol responses has yet to be tested in a college sample...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Marcel Wilhelm, Winfried Rief, Bettina K Doering
PURPOSE: Informing patients about treatment side effects increases the occurrence and intensity of side effects. Since the obligatory informed consent procedure in drug treatments requires transparency and nocebo research suggests that the informed consent of a drug leads to an increased occurrence of the mentioned side effects, the aim of this proof of concept study was to determine the effect of two different framings of informed consent on the occurrence, intensity, and perceived threat of side effects...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Daniela Curado, Viviam Barros, Emérita Opaleye, Sarah Bowen, Helena Hachul, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: To investigate dispositional mindfulness, psychiatric symptoms, and their relationship with insomnia severity among female chronic hypnotic users. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study, including 76 women with chronic hypnotic use. Participants completed several self-report questionnaires: sociodemographic characteristics, depressive symptoms (CES-D), anxiety levels (STAI-T), dispositional mindfulness (FFMQ), and insomnia severity (ISI). Exploratory linear regression models were used to identify factors related to insomnia severity...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Boram Lee, Dong-Chul Seo
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the socioeconomic disparities in health risk behavior clusterings among Korean adolescents and to assess the mediating role of stress on this association. METHOD: We analyzed the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative sample of Korean middle and high school students aged 12-18 years (N = 68,043). The co-occurrence of multiple health risk behaviors (i.e., cigarette smoking, drinking, and unprotected sex) was used to operationalize health risk behavior clusterings that ranged from zero to three...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Rachael Glassey, Moira O'Connor, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Sarah J Hardcastle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the influences on satisfaction with reconstructed breasts and intimacy following bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM) in younger women (< 35) with a strong family history of breast cancer. METHODS: Twenty-six women who had undergone BPM between 1 and6 years ago were recruited from New Zealand and Australia through a genetics clinic, registry, research cohort, and online (Mage  = 31). Twenty-three were BRCA mutation carriers...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Erin K Howie, Anne L Smith, Joanne A McVeigh, Leon M Straker
PURPOSE: To identify "activity phenotypes" from accelerometer-derived activity characteristics among young adults. METHODS: Participants were young adults (n = 628, mean age, 22.1, SD 0.6) in the Raine Study in Western Australia. Sex-specific latent class analyses identified sub-groups using eight indicators derived from 7-day hip-worn Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers: daily steps, total daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), MVPA variation, MVPA intensity, MVPA bout duration, sedentary-to-light ratio, sedentary-to-light ratio variation, and sedentary bout duration...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jenna R Cummings, Ashley E Mason, Eli Puterman, A Janet Tomiyama
PURPOSE: Comfort eating is a prevalent behavior. Prior research shows that comfort eating is associated with reduced stress responses and increased metabolic risk across adolescence, young adulthood, and middle adulthood. The purpose of the current research was to test if comfort eating prospectively predicted all-cause mortality in older adulthood. METHOD: The US Health and Retirement Study is an ongoing, nationally representative, longitudinal study of older adults...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Yoann Birling, Jian Wang, Guixia Li, Enlai Wu, Zhidan Yu, Yunshu Feng, Yuting Wu
PURPOSE: Insomnia is a common mental disorder with severe consequences. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has been proved effective against insomnia, but most of the research is limited to Western countries. This trial objective is to develop a Chinese culture-adapted CBTI program and assess its efficacy. METHOD: An 8-week culturally adapted CBTI program was developed that included mixed group and individual session and culturally adapted relaxation and cognitive restructuring treatment components...
June 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Orly Sarid, Vered Slonim-Nevo, Doron Schwartz, Michael Friger, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Hillel Vardi, Elena Chernin, Terri Singer, Dan Greenberg, Shmuel Odes
PURPOSE: How psycho-social variables affect the degree of disease activity in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) is incompletely understood. Therefore, we measured and compared the impact of psycho-social variables on the active disease state in UC and CD. METHOD: One hundred and twenty-two UC and 305 CD patients with active disease completed questionnaires detailing their psychological symptoms, threatening experiences, disease-coping strategies, satisfaction with life, quality of life, and demographics...
June 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Yazhuo Deng, David R Paul
PURPOSE: This study drew upon the ecological system theory to demonstrate rural-urban differences in the relationships between the availability of recreational facilities, physical activity (PA), functional health status, and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. METHODS: Nationally representative data (n = 5949) from the Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS, 2011-2013) were examined using the multigroup structural equation modeling approach...
June 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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