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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate effects of a flexible multi-component workplace intervention program for improving physical activity among Japanese white-collar employees in a cluster randomized controlled trial design. METHODS: A total of 208 worksites and nested employees were approached. Any worksite interested in a 3-month physical activity promotion intervention and white-collar workers aged 18 years or older were eligible. The worksites were randomly assigned to an intervention or a control, stratified by worksite size...
September 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Megan M Hood, Rebecca Wilson, Annika Gorenz, Sharon Jedel, Shohreh Raeisi, Stevan Hobfoll, Ali Keshavarzian
PURPOSE: Treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), given its chronicity and its associated disruptive and often distressing symptoms, is increasingly focusing on maximizing patient quality of life. Poorer quality of life has been found among patients with poor sleep quality, which is much more common in patients with UC than in the general population and may be associated with inflammation and psychological distress. METHOD: Forty-seven patients with UC (n = 11 flaring) completed measures of sleep quality, depression, state anxiety, gastrointestinal-related anxiety, perceived stress, and quality of life...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Emilie Michalovic, Sarah Hall, Lindsay R Duncan, Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Shane N Sweet
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of action planning, risk perception, and message elaboration on the creation and quality of physical activity action plans. Risk perception was hypothesized as a potential moderator and elaboration as a potential mediator of the message framing-action planning relationship. METHOD: Inactive adults (N = 180; 44% women; Mage  = 29.7, SD = 9.92) were randomized to one of two framed action planning messages and responded to an online questionnaire pre- and post-message...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
O Kornienko, D R Schaefer, S D Pressman, D A Granger
PURPOSE: This study investigates the social determinants of health by examining how mucosal immunity is associated with the patterning of social connections in a network. Studies have suggested that social networks have biological underpinnings, but investigations at the scale of networks, rather than individuals, have remained elusive. We integrate salivary bioscience methods with advanced social network modeling to explore the association between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), a key component of mucosal immunity, and social network structure...
August 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sylvia Hansen, Maija Huttunen-Lenz, Diewertje Sluik, Jennie Brand-Miller, Mathijs Drummen, Mikael Fogelholm, Teodora Handjieva-Darlenska, Ian Macdonald, Alfredo J Martinez, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Sally Poppitt, Anne Raben, Wolfgang Schlicht
PURPOSE: Weight loss has been demonstrated to be a successful strategy in diabetes prevention. Although weight loss is greatly influenced by dietary behaviors, social-cognitive factors play an important role in behavioral determination. This study aimed to identify demographic and social-cognitive factors (intention, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, social support, and motivation with regard to dietary behavior and goal adjustment) associated with weight loss in overweight and obese participants from the PREVIEW study who had pre-diabetes...
August 20, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kimberley D Curtin, Eun-Young Lee, Lira Yun, John C Spence
PURPOSE: To examine associations between physical activity contexts and health and fitness perceptions among Korean adults and youth. METHOD: Data were from the Korean Survey on Citizens' Sports Participation in 2015. Korean youth (N = 832; Mage  = 14.7) and adults (N = 6719; Mage  = 41.3) were included in the hierarchical logistic and linear regressions. Youth physical activity was examined in school-based (i.e., school-based and after-school/Saturday school sports) and out of school (i...
August 14, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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August 14, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Brooke G Rogers, Noelle A Mendez, Matthew J Mimiaga, Susan G Sherman, Elizabeth F Closson, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Ruth K Friedman, Mohammed Limbada, Ayana T Moore, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Kenneth H Mayer, Steven A Safren
PURPOSE: There have been significant biomedical improvements in the treatment and prevention of HIV over the past few decades. However, new transmissions continue to occur. Alcohol use is a known barrier to medication adherence and consistent condom use and therefore may affect treatment as prevention (TasP) efforts. The purpose of this study was to further explore how alcohol is associated with condom use and sexual transmission behavior in three international cities. METHOD: HIV Prevention Trials Network 063 was an observational mixed-methods study of HIV-infected patients currently in care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Lusaka, Zambia...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Henning Krampe, Anke Barth-Zoubairi, Tatjana Schnell, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Claudia D Spies
PURPOSE: The interrelated associations of social relationship factors, depression, and outcomes of surgical patients are yet unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether depression mediates effects of general social support, loneliness, and living alone on hospital length of stay (LOS) of 2487 patients from diverse surgical fields. METHOD: Social relationship factors and depression were assessed prior to surgery. The PROCESS macro for SPSS was used to conduct three simple mediation models that tested the indirect effects of social relationship factors on LOS mediated through depression...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Gruszczyńska
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the heterogeneity of changes in affective states, i.e., positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect, as well as the sociodemographic and clinical covariates of these changes among people living with HIV (PLWH) in a 1-year prospective study. METHOD: Participants were 141 ambulatory patients (15% female) with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV infection who were undergoing antiretroviral treatment. Their affective states were assessed three times, with 6-month intervals, using the positive and negative general affect scale (PANAS-X)...
August 10, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Neilane Bertoni, Mirian Carvalho de Souza, Susanne Crocamo, Moyses Szklo, Liz Maria de Almeida
Families share behavioral risk factors that can increase the risk of cancer development. We examined whether having a positive family breast cancer history is associated with health behaviors/screening practices. Analyses were based on a cross-sectional sample of 545 Brazilian National Cancer Institute Hospital patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer in 2013/2014. Women were categorized according to their breast cancer family history. Age-adjusted Poisson regressions with robust variance were performed to estimate the association between breast cancer family history and selected health-related behaviors and screening practices...
August 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Aleksandra Herbec, Ildiko Tombor, Lion Shahab, Robert West
PURPOSE: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is often used suboptimally by smokers. Previous research has focused on cognitions and attitudes as potential reasons. This study drew on theoretical frameworks of behaviour to comprehensively explore smokers' NRT use to identify new intervention targets. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 16 adult UK-based smokers and ex-smokers who used NRT in recent quit attempts (mean (SD) age = 34...
July 30, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kim M Caudwell, Barbara A Mullan, Martin S Hagger
PURPOSE: The present study tested the efficacy of a theory-based online intervention comprising motivational (autonomy support) and volitional (implementation intention) components to reduce pre-drinking alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 202) completed self-report measures of constructs from psychological theories, pre-drinking alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related harm at baseline and were randomly assigned to one of four intervention conditions in a 2 (autonomy support: present/absent) × 2 (implementation intention: present/absent) design...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Eleanor R Bull, Nicola McCleary, Xinru Li, Stephan U Dombrowski, Elise Dusseldorp, Marie Johnston
PURPOSE: Healthy eating, physical activity and smoking interventions for low-income groups may have small, positive effects. Identifying effective intervention components could guide intervention development. This study investigated which content and delivery components of interventions were associated with increased healthy behavior in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for low-income adults. METHOD: Data from a review showing intervention effects in 35 RCTs containing 45 interventions with 17,000 participants were analysed to assess associations with behavior change techniques (BCTs) and delivery/context components from the template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Ingrid Demmelmaier
PURPOSE: To describe physiotherapists' (PTs') adoption of a theory-based skills training program preparing them to guide people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) within a 1-year intervention trial. METHOD: This was a longitudinal case study. Ten female PTs (age 25-59), delivering the HEPA intervention, participated. Data were collected on five occasions over a 19-month period: once before the training course, once after 4 course days, twice during the HEPA intervention and once after the HEPA intervention...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Luca Pancani, Davide Ausili, Andrea Greco, Ercole Vellone, Barbara Riegel
PURPOSE: Heart failure (HF) affects up to 14% of the elderly population and its prevalence is increasing. Self-care is fundamental to living successfully with this syndrome, but little is known about how self-care evolves over time. The present study aimed to (a) identify longitudinal trajectories of self-care confidence and maintenance among HF patients, (b) investigate whether each trajectory is characterized by specific sociodemographic and clinical patients' characteristics, and (c) assess the association between the self-care confidence and maintenance trajectories...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jane Murphy, Neidin Eustace, Kiran M Sarma, Gerard J Molloy
PURPOSE: Non-adherence to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) has been reported by almost half of OCP users. As the efficacy of the OCP requires daily adherence, poor adherence often leads to unplanned pregnancies in women who depend on this method of contraception. This study aims to investigate the association between habit strength and time- and place-based cues in the context of adherence to the OCP. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire of 245 current OCP users with a mean age of 22...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Carmen H Logie, Moses Okumu, Shannon Ryan, Mary Yehdego
PURPOSE: African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) women in Canada are disproportionately impacted by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Although there is reported suboptimal consistent condom use with ACB women, limited research has explored safer sex communication among this population. Coping frameworks highlight the role that resilient coping and condom use self-efficacy may play in facilitating safer sex communication. Structural perspectives stress the need to explore associations between HIV vulnerabilities and food insecurity...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Marcel Wilhelm, Winfried Rief, Bettina K Doering
PURPOSE: Informing patients about treatment side effects increases the occurrence and intensity of side effects. Since the obligatory informed consent procedure in drug treatments requires transparency and nocebo research suggests that the informed consent of a drug leads to an increased occurrence of the mentioned side effects, the aim of this proof of concept study was to determine the effect of two different framings of informed consent on the occurrence, intensity, and perceived threat of side effects...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Rachael Glassey, Moira O'Connor, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Sarah J Hardcastle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the influences on satisfaction with reconstructed breasts and intimacy following bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM) in younger women (< 35) with a strong family history of breast cancer. METHODS: Twenty-six women who had undergone BPM between 1 and6 years ago were recruited from New Zealand and Australia through a genetics clinic, registry, research cohort, and online (Mage  = 31). Twenty-three were BRCA mutation carriers...
August 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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