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International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

John A Cunningham, Gillian W Shorter, Michelle Murphy, Vladyslav Kushnir, Jürgen Rehm, Christian S Hendershot
PURPOSE: Brief Internet interventions have been shown to reduce alcohol consumption. This trial intended to compare the effects of one such brief intervention to an extended Internet intervention for problem drinkers. METHOD: Using online advertising, 490 participants, 18 years or older, were recruited and randomized to receive a brief ( ) versus an extended ( ) Internet intervention and were followed up at 6, 12, and 24 months...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Christopher Sundström, Matthijs Blankers, Zarnie Khadjesari
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of knowledge and knowledge gaps in the field of computer-based alcohol interventions by (1) collating evidence on the effectiveness of computer-based alcohol interventions in different populations and (2) exploring the impact of four specified moderators of effectiveness: therapeutic orientation, length of intervention, guidance and trial engagement. METHODS: A review of systematic reviews of randomized trials reporting on effectiveness of computer-based alcohol interventions published between 2005 and 2015...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
S J H van Erp, L K M P Brakenhoff, M Vollmann, D van der Heijde, R A Veenendaal, H H Fidder, D W Hommes, A A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong, M Scharloo
PURPOSE: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often experience severe impairment in different life domains. Psychological factors, such as illness perceptions and coping, may play a role in the adjustment to IBD as indicated by mental and physical health, activity, and work impairment. The present study aimed at examining the assumption of the Common Sense Model (CSM) that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and adjustment in patients with IBD. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 211 IBD patients (73 % Crohn's disease, 40 % male, mean age 42...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kyra Hamilton, Mikaela Bonham, Jason Bishara, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
PURPOSE: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. METHOD: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Kristina Klaus, Susanne Fischer, Johanna M Doerr, Urs M Nater, Ricarda Mewes
PURPOSE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is associated with psychological distress. The recent revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) raises the question of whether FMS is classifiable as "somatic symptom disorder" (SSD) and consequently as a mental disorder. To address this, the present ambulatory assessment study focuses on the everyday life occurrence of SSD symptoms in FMS and their predictive value concerning severity indicators of widespread pain...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
C Ramírez-Maestre, R Esteve, G Ruiz-Párraga, L Gómez-Pérez, A E López-Martínez
PURPOSE: This study investigated the role of anxiety sensitivity, resilience, pain catastrophizing, depression, pain fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain intensity in patients with acute back pain-related disability. METHOD: Two hundred and thirty-two patients with acute back pain completed questionnaires on anxiety sensitivity, resilience, pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, depression, pain intensity, and disability. RESULTS: A structural equation modelling analysis revealed that anxiety sensitivity was associated with pain catastrophizing, and resilience was associated with lower levels of depression...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Chiao-Wen Lan, Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Kate B Carey, Blair T Johnson, Michael P Carey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the (a) prevalence of and (b) association between alcohol, risky sex, and HIV among Russians at risk for primary or secondary HIV transmission. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched to locate studies that sampled Russians, assessed alcohol use, and included either a behavioral measure of risk or a biological measure of HIV. Weighted mean (logit) effect sizes were calculated using random-effects assumptions. Moderator analyses were conducted using meta-regression...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Biing-Jiun Shen, Jen-Tzer Gau
PURPOSE: Although hostility and depression have been linked to higher cardiac risk and poor prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), there is a lack of research that studies how they may influence the short-term outcomes among patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This study aimed to investigate the influence of hostility and depression on patients' exercise tolerance and improvement trajectory in a CR program over 6 weeks. METHOD: Participants were 142 patients with CHD, with a mean age of 62 years...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Anna Serlachius, Marko Elovainio, Markus Juonala, Steven Shea, Matthew Sabin, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback
PURPOSE: The psychosocial determinants of prediabetes are poorly understood. The aims of our study were (1) to analyse the association between perceived social support in young adulthood and fasting glucose levels and prediabetes in mid-adulthood in a cohort of healthy Finns, (2) to explore whether body mass index (BMI), inflammation or depression mediate this relationship, (3) and to examine the association between social support trajectory groups and fasting glucose. METHOD: A prospective design was used with an analytic sample of 1250 participants aged 3-18 years at baseline (1980) and aged 12-39 years when social support was measured...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Mónica Lobato, Robbert Sanderman, Esteban Pizarro, Mariët Hagedoorn
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to examine (1) whether family and peer marijuana use are independently related to adolescent marijuana use in Chile, (2) whether family and peer marijuana use are associated with adolescent marijuana dependence in adolescents using marijuana, and (3) whether the adolescent's age moderates the association between family or peer use and adolescent marijuana use and/or dependence. METHOD: This study used data from the National Survey on Drug Use in the General Population in Chile (a cross-sectional observational study), which was conducted in 2008 and 2010 in 4413 adolescents aged 12-19...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Maria Augusta Carrasco, Michelle R Kaufman
PURPOSE: This study examined correlates of condom use (CU) and voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) knowledge among men accessing VMMC services in Malawi. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-nine men ages 16 or older accessing VMMC were recruited at service sites. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine associations, and the relative odds of CU at last sex with VMMC knowledge. Correlates included the following: education, age, location, religion, marital status, ever tested for HIV, having casual/concurrent sexual partners, and alcohol use before sex...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Weidong Wang, Fang Wang, Feng Fan, Ana Cristina Sedas, Jian Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of mind-body interventions on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the Chinese population. METHOD: Drawn from Chinese databases, nine RCTs and three Q-E studies were included in the systematic review. The methodological quality of RCTs was evaluated based on the following criteria: adequate sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, completeness of outcome data, selective reporting, and other potential biases...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jo Cranwell, John Britton, Manpreet Bains
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to describe the portrayal of alcohol content in popular YouTube music videos. METHOD: We used inductive thematic analysis to explore the lyrics and visual imagery in 49 UK Top 40 songs and music videos previously found to contain alcohol content and watched by many British adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years and to examine if branded content contravened alcohol industry advertising codes of practice. RESULTS: The analysis generated three themes...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Karen Urbanoski, Trevor van Mierlo, John Cunningham
PURPOSE: This study contributes to emerging literature on online health networks by modeling communication patterns between members of a moderated online support group for problem drinking. Using social network analysis, we described members' patterns of joint participation in threads, parsing out the role of site moderators, and explored differences in member characteristics by network position. METHODS: Posts made to the online support group of Alcohol Help Centre during 2013 were structured as a two-mode network of members (n = 205) connected via threads (n = 506)...
August 22, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Andréa A G Nes, Sandra van Dulmen, Rikard Wicksell, Egil A Fors, Hilde Eide
PURPOSE: This study investigated change processes resulting from a randomized controlled trial smartphone-delivered maintenance intervention with daily electronic diaries and personalized written feedback based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) following a rehabilitation program for patients with chronic widespread pain. METHOD: This study included 48 women who during a 5-week period completed electronic diaries three times daily, totaling 3372 entries...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Shu-Ching Chen, Hsiu-Fang Chen, Hsi-Ling Peng, Li-Yun Lee, Ting-Yu Chiang, Hui-Chuan Chiu
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the psychometric properties, reliability, and validity of the Chinese-version Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GN-SBQ-C) and assess the behavioral nicotine dependence among community-dwelling adult smokers in Taiwan. METHOD: The methods used were survey design, administration, and validation. A total of 202 adult smokers completed a survey to assess behavioral dependence, nicotine dependence, depression, social support, and demographic and smoking characteristics...
August 9, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Susana Pedras, Rui Carvalho, M Graça Pereira
PURPOSE: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) including amputation surgery has serious consequences for patients, the family and healthcare services. DFU affects not only the physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients but also their mental well-being. The aims of this study were to find the predictors of HRQoL after surgery, to analyse differences in HRQoL, before and after surgery, and to explore the moderating role of a first versus previous amputation(s) in the relationship between physical and mental HRQoL, before and after surgery, in patients with DFU...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Amy S Grinberg, Elizabeth K Seng
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between headache-specific locus of control (HSLC) and migraine-related quality of life, and anxiety as a mediator of this relationship. METHOD: Two hundred and thirty-two people with migraine participated in the treatment of severe migraine trial. At baseline, participants completed self-report questionnaires of headache-specific locus of control (HSLC; subscales = internal, chance, and medical professionals), anxiety, and migraine-related quality of life...
August 3, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
M Kunz, E S Capito, C Horn-Hofmann, C Baum, J Scheel, A J Karmann, J A Priebe, S Lautenbacher
PURPOSE: The way individuals attend to pain is known to have a considerable impact on the experience and chronification of pain. One method to assess the habitual "attention to pain" is the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ). With the present study, we aimed to test the psychometric properties of the German version of the PVAQ across pain-free samples and across patients with acute and chronic pain. METHOD: Two samples of pain-free individuals (student sample (N = 255)/non-student sample (N = 362)) and two clinical pain samples (acute pain patients (N = 105)/chronic pain patients (N = 36)) were included in this cross-sectional evaluation of the German PVAQ...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Brodie M Sakakibara, Amy J Kim, Janice J Eng
PURPOSE: The aims of this review were to describe the self-management interventions used to improve risk factor control in stroke patients and quantitatively assess their effects on the following: 1) overall risk factor control from lifestyle behaviour (i.e. physical activity, diet and nutrition, stress management, smoking, alcohol, and medication adherence), and medical risk factors (i.e. blood pressure, cholesterol, blood glucose) and (2) individual risk factors. METHOD: We systematically searched the PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases to September 2015 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials investigating self-management to improve stroke risk factors...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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