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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330704/the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-blood-pressures-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari, Nasrin Sharifi, Kamran B Lankarani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Fariba Kolahdooz, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: Although several trials have assessed the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases, findings are controversial. AIM: This review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to summarize the evidence on the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases up to 10 August 2017 were searched...
January 12, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330703/association-between-atrial-ventricular-and-vascular-morphofunctional-alterations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Alessandro Maloberti, Marta Riva, Marijana Tadic, Carlo Valena, Paolo Villa, Ilenia Boggioni, Maria Rosa Pozzi, Guido Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a risk of non-fatal and cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate simultaneously left and right atrial and ventricular function, as well as arterial stiffness, in RA patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 55 consecutive RA patients and 55 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Blood pressure and arterial stiffness were assessed in all participants, who also underwent a complete echocardiographic examination...
January 12, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313304/essential-hypertension-and-functional-microvascular-ageing
#3
REVIEW
Rosa Maria Bruno, Stefano Masi, Marco Taddei, Stefano Taddei, Agostino Virdis
In healthy conditions, the endothelium plays a pivotal role in maintaining vascular homeostasis, mainly by the production of the relaxing factor nitric oxide (NO), which protects the vessel wall from those mechanisms favouring the development of vascular atherosclerosis. Aging is a powerful cardiovascular risk factors associated with endothelial dysfunction. In details, an alteration in the NO substrate L-arginine is the major factor responsible for endothelial dysfunction with advancing age, while reactive oxygen species (ROS) excess generation, which in turn reduce NO availability, plays a role in oldest individuals only...
January 9, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307050/role-of-acetyl-salicylic-acid-in-controlling-the-doca-salt-induced-hypertension-in-rats-by-stimulating-the-synthesis-of-r-cortexin-in-the%C3%A2-kidney
#4
Uttam Kumar Maji, Pradipta Jana, Mitali Chatterjee, Sanmay Karmakar, Arup Saha, Tamal Kanti Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a metabolic disease which is caused by vasoconstriction and that results into elevated blood pressure. A chronic hypertensive condition affects and even damages to various systems in the body. Presence of renal cortexin (r-cortexin), an antihypertensive protein, which is released from the kidney cortex controls the blood pressure. The effect of r-cortexin was mediated through nitric oxide (NO), a universal vasodilating agent. AIM: In our study, acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin), a well-known activator of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) induced r-cortexin synthesis...
January 6, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305812/proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-inhibitors-and-cardiovascular-risk-does-a-further-analysis-of-the-fourier-trial-suggest-changes-in-the-target-of-lipid-lowering-therapy
#5
EDITORIAL
Nazzareno Cervelli, Giuliano Tocci, Claudio Ferri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282696/cardiac-biomarkers-release-in-preadolescent-athletes-after-an-high-intensity-exercise
#6
A Peretti, L Mauri, A Masarin, G Annoni, A Corato, A Maloberti, Cristina Giannattasio, G Vignati
INTRODUCTION: An elevation of cardiac troponins has been described in healthy athletes after endurance exercises. The clinical significance of this increase is unclear and the lack of awareness of this phenomenon may lead to inappropriate management of these subjects. AIM: We sought to determine wether an intensive cycling training could determine a biomarkers elevation. METHODS: We evaluated serum high sensitivity cardiac troponin T, NH(2)-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, CK-MB and CK in 21 healthy male preadolescent athletes (age 9...
December 27, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197935/how-to-improve-effectiveness-and-adherence-to-antihypertensive-drug-therapy-central-role-of-dihydropyridinic-calcium-channel-blockers-in-hypertension
#7
REVIEW
Giuliano Tocci, Giovambattista Desideri, Elisa Roca, Calogero Calcullo, Massimo Crippa, Nicola De Luca, Giovanni Vincenzo Gaudio, Laura Maria Lonati, Leo Orselli, Angelo Scuteri, Vito Vulpis, Benedetto Acone, Augusto Zaninelli
Essential hypertension is a complex clinical condition, characterized by multiple and concomitant abnormal activation of different regulatory and contra-regulatory pathophysiological mechanisms, leading to sustained increase of blood pressure (BP) levels. Asymptomatic rise of BP may, indeed, promote development and progression of hypertension-related organ damage, which in turn, increases the risk of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. A progressive and independent relationship has been demonstrated between high BP levels and increased cardiovascular risk, even in the high-to-normal range...
December 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098651/excess-body-weight-insulin-resistance-and-isolated-systolic-hypertension-potential-pathophysiological-links
#8
Lanfranco D'Elia, Pasquale Strazzullo
Isolated systolic hypertension, the most common form of hypertension in the elderly, but also detectable among young and middle-aged subjects, is independently associated with higher risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Among various pathophysiological changes associated with aging, excess body weight and insulin resistance may predispose to this type of hypertension. Overweight or frank obesity and their frequent companion insulin resistance could mediate the development of isolated systolic hypertension through increase in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity, in the sympathetic tone and in salt-sensitivity, all in turn leading to endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness and increase in blood pressure...
November 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094260/comparison-among-recommendations-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-issued-by-last-us-canadian-british-and-european-guidelines
#9
Christina Antza, Ioannis Doundoulakis, Stella Stabouli, Vasilios Kotsis
Guidelines for the management of hypertension have been issued by different hypertension societies or organizations. Despite many similarities one can identify major differences in the diagnosis, management and treatment of the hypertensive patients among ESH/ESC, NICE, Canadian and NJC8 guidelines. Differences that can be identified are in the definition of hypertension in the elderly population, the optimal blood pressure targets in different hypertensive populations such as patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease patients and the choose of the initial and appropriate antihypertensive agent depending on comorbidities of the treated population...
November 1, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082466/perception-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-physical-activity-behaviour-implications-for-participation-among-individuals-with-essential-hypertension
#10
Fatai Adesina Maruf, C C Ojukwu, M O Akindele
INTRODUCTION: Understanding lifestyle behavior among individuals with hypertension is important for achieving hypertension control. AIM: This study explored perception, knowledge, attitude and participation in physical activity (PA) among individuals with hypertension attending tertiary hospitals in a south-eastern Nigerian state. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 200 individuals with hypertension from the Out-Patient Departments of the two teaching hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria...
October 29, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081017/validation-of-central-and-peripheral-non-invasive-hemodynamic-variables-using-an-oscillometric-method
#11
Darío Echeverri, Alejandro Pizano, Jaime Cabrales, Karen Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral and central blood pressures are parameters of arterial stiffness and important cardiovascular risk markers. Today, there are non-invasive methods that measure these pressures. AIM: To validate the non-invasive oscillometric method, compared with invasive pressure measurements obtained by cardiac catheterization. METHODS: An open, prospective cohort clinical study in 100 patients, 64 ± 11 years old. The measurement of peripheral and central blood pressures obtained using the Arteriograph(®) system oscillometric method, (TensioMed, Budapest-Hungary, Ltd...
October 28, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076078/anticoagulant-therapy-in-atrial-fibrillation-for-stroke-prevention-assessment-of-agreement-between-clinicians-decision-and-cha2ds2-vasc-and-has-bled-scores
#12
Marzieh Balaghi-Inalou, Saeed Alipour Parsa, Latif Gachkar, Sasan Andalib
INTRODUCTION: To prevent stroke, anticoagulants should be administered after calculation of CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores in patients with Atrial Fibrillation (AF); nonetheless, these scores are sometimes neglected in clinical settings. AIM: The present study was designed to assess agreement of anticoagulant therapy according to clinicians and CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores in Iranian AF patients in Moddares Hospital. METHODS: AF patients were diagnosed according to clinical history, clinical examination, and electrocardiogram...
October 26, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086364/personalised-single-pill-combination-therapy-in-hypertensive-patients-an-update-of-a-practical-treatment-platform
#13
Massimo Volpe, Giuliano Tocci, Alejandro de la Sierra, Reinhold Kreutz, Stéphane Laurent, Athanasios J Manolis, Kostantinos Tsioufis
Despite the improvements in the management of hypertension during the last three decades, it continues to be one of the leading causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Effective and sustained reductions in blood pressure (BP) reduce the incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure and cardiovascular death. However, the proportion of patients who achieve the recommended BP goal (< 140/90 mmHg) is persistently low, worldwide. Poor adherence to therapy, complex therapeutic regimens, clinical inertia, drug-related adverse events and multiple risk factors or comorbidities contribute to the disparity between the potential and actual BP control rate...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948506/comparative-analysis-of-arterial-parameters-variations-associated-with-inter-individual-variations-in-peripheral-and-aortic-blood-pressure-cross-sectional-study-in-healthy-subjects-aged-2-84%C3%A2-years
#14
Yanina Zócalo, Santiago Curcio, Victoria García-Espinosa, Pedro Chiesa, Gustavo Giachetto, Daniel Bia
INTRODUCTION: The association between arterial parameters and blood pressure (BP) interindividual variations could depend on the arterial segment, BP component (systolic, SBP; diastolic, DBP; pulse pressure, PP) and/or on whether central (cBP) or peripheral (pBP) BP variations are considered. AIM: To assess and compare arterial parameters variations associated with interindividual variations in cBP and pBP. METHODS: Healthy subjects (n = 923; 488 males, 2-84 years) were included...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884298/educational-interventions-may-promote-better-blood-pressure-control-in-russia
#15
EDITORIAL
Giuliano Tocci, Ilaria Figliuzzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884295/dietary-patterns-nutrition-knowledge-lifestyle-and-health-related-quality-of-life-associations-with-anti-hypertension-medication-adherence-in-a-sample-of-australian-adults
#16
Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin, Jing Sun
INTRODUCTION: Poor anti-hypertension medication (AHT) adherence can increase disease costs and adverse outcomes. Hypertensive individuals who have a better nutrition knowledge may lead a healthier lifestyle, have a better health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and greater confidence to change behaviour. On this basis, they may have better treatment adherence. AIM: To explore the association between the above-mentioned variables and AHT adherence in a group of Australian adults with high blood pressure (BP) in a cross-sectional clinical and community-based study...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871415/response-to-improving-adherence-to-treatment-and-reducing-economic-costs-of-hypertension-the-role-of-olmesartan-based-treatment
#17
LETTER
Evan Scullin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856581/impact-of-clinical-factors-on-the-achievement-of-target-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-patients-from-ivanovo-region-of-russia-data-of-2015
#18
A R Kiselev, O M Posnenkova, O A Belova, S V Romanchuk, Y V Popova, M D Prokhorov, V I Gridnev
INTRODUCTION: In Russia, blood pressure (BP) control is below the optimal. The little is known about regional features and barriers to adequate BP control in Russian primary care. AIM: To evaluate the impact of clinical factors on achieving the target BP in hypertensive patients in one region of Russia. METHODS: Retrospective medical data of 2015 on 11,129 patients (31.4% male) with hypertension (Htn) from Ivanovo region of Russia were examined...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836130/the-role-of-brachial-pulse-pressure-as-an-indicator-of-intracranial-atherosclerosis-the-atahualpa-project
#19
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera
INTRODUCTION: Carotid siphon calcifications (CSC) are an important imaging marker of systemic atherosclerosis. Routine assessment of asymptomatic CSC may allow the implementation of intervention strategies before catastrophic cerebrovascular events occur. AIM: To assess whether brachial PP determinations might independently predicts the presence and severity of CSC in community-dwelling adults. METHODS: All Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years were invited for the practice of a non-enhanced CT scan of the head, and those who signed the informed consent and had no contraindications for this exam were enrolled...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733831/nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-is-abolished-in-old-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#20
Francesco Salvo, Chiara Lonati, Michele Berardi, Andrea Riccardo Errani, Carlo Lorenzo Muzzulini, Alberto Morganti
INTRODUCTION: During sleep there is reduction of blood pressure (BP) caused by a decrease of the sympathetic nervous tone. This nocturnal "dipping" phenomenon, assessable with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), is blunted with increasing age. AIM: To assess the effect of hospitalization on night-time BP fall in old-elderly patients. METHODS: We analysed 78 ABPM of old-elderly hospitalized patients (mean age 91 ± 0.5 years) and those of 18 outpatients as control group...
December 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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