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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102499/aortic-radial-pulse-wave-velocity-ratio-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-association-with-age-body-tissue-hydration-status-renal-failure-etiology-and-five-years-of-hemodialysis
#1
Daniel Bia, Rodolfo Valtuille, Cintia Galli, Sandra Wray, Ricardo Armentano, Yanina Zócalo, Edmundo Cabrera-Fischer
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the hydration status may be involved in the arterial stiffening process observed in hemodialyzed patients. The ratio between carotid-femoral and carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV ratio) was recently proposed to characterize the patient-specific stiffening process. AIMS: to analyze: (1) the PWV-ratio in healthy and hemodialyzed subjects, analyzing potential changes associated to etiologies of the ESRD, (2) the PWV-ratio and hydration status using multiple-frequency bioimpedance and, (3) the effects of hemodialysis on PWV-ratio in a 5-year follow-up...
January 19, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101819/high-central-aortic-rather-than-brachial-blood-pressure-is-associated-with-carotid-wall-remodeling-and-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-childhood
#2
Gonzalo Peluso, Victoria García-Espinosa, Santiago Curcio, Marco Marota, Juan Castro, Pedro Chiesa, Gustavo Giachetto, Daniel Bia, Yanina Zócalo
INTRODUCTION: In adults, central blood pressure (cBP) is reported to associate target organ damages (TODs) rather than peripheral blood pressure (pBP). However, data regarding the association of pre-clinical TODs with cBP and pBP in pediatric populations are scarce. AIM: To evaluate in children and adolescents the importance of cBP and pBP levels, in terms of their association with hemodynamic and vascular changes. METHODS: 315 subjects [age (mean/range) 12/8-18 years] were included...
January 19, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078606/arterial-stiffness-in-aortic-stenosis-relationship-with-severity-and-echocardiographic-procedures-response
#3
Giuseppe Bruschi, Alessandro Maloberti, Paola Sormani, Giulia Colombo, Stefano Nava, Paola Vallerio, Francesca Casadei, Jolie Bruno, Antonella Moreo, Bruno Merlanti, Claudio Russo, Fabrizio Oliva, Silvio Klugmann, Cristina Giannattasio
INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis (AS) is more than only a degenerative disease, it could be also an atherosclerotic-like process involving the valve instead of the vessels. Little is known about the relation of arterial stiffness and AS. AIM: We sought to determine wether pulse wave velocity (PWV), is related to AS severity and to the procedures response, both as surgical aortic-valve-replacement (AVR) and trascatheter-aortic-valve-implantation (TAVI). METHODS: 30 patients with severe AS were treated (15 AVR, 15 TAVI)...
January 11, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058623/replacement-of-amlodipine-and-lercanidipine-by-barnidipine-tolerability-and-effectiveness-in-a-real-life-study
#4
Robert Lins, Yves Haerden, Caroline de Vries
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Calcium channel blockers are an effective antihypertensive treatment, but frequently hypertension remains uncontrolled for many patients, partly due to tolerability issues. AIM: To assess the tolerability and effectiveness of barnidipine in mild to moderate hypertension patients switching treatment from other calcium channel blockers in daily practice. METHODS: BASIC-HT, a prospective real life study, enrolled 20,479 hypertensive patients initiating barnidipine treatment...
January 6, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915400/the-pathophysiological-role-of-nox2-in-hypertension-and-organ-damage
#5
REVIEW
Maurizio Forte, Cristina Nocella, Elena De Falco, Silvia Palmerio, Leonardo Schirone, Valentina Valenti, Giacomo Frati, Roberto Carnevale, Sebastiano Sciarretta
NADPH oxidases (NOXs) represent one of the major sources of reactive oxygen species in the vascular district. Reactive oxygen species are responsible for vascular damage that leads to several cardiovascular pathological conditions. Among NOX isoforms, NOX2 is widely expressed in many cells types, such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells, confirming its pivotal role in vascular pathophysiology. Studies in mice models with systemic deletion of NOX2, as well as in transgenic mice overexpressing NOX2, have demonstrated the undeniable involvement of NOX2 in the development of hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, cardiac hypertrophy, platelet aggregation, and aging...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826733/appraisal-of-the-knowledge-of-hypertensive-patients-regarding-blood-pressure-control-and-comorbidities-results-of-a-french-regional-survey
#6
Maëlle Allibe, Daniela Babici, Yoann François Chantrel, Benoît Lesquerbault, Malina Dubau, Rocsana Fickl, Zafer Takla, Caroline Preissig-Dirhold, Roxana Bucura, Aicha Sissoko, Marcella Coliban, François Chantrel
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge about hypertension might influence blood pressure (BP) control and adherence to treatment. AIM: This study was conducted in collaboration with 11 pharmacies to assess the level of knowledge about hypertension and BP targets among the hypertensive population in the French region of Alsace. METHODS: Study participants (N = 380) were hypertensive adult patients visiting a pharmacy spontaneously from June to October, 2013, to get their regular prescribed medications including at least one antihypertensive agent...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815775/the-age-of-nutraceuticals-exploring-new-therapeutic-targets
#7
EDITORIAL
Massimo Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744587/new-opportunities-for-monitoring-blood-pressure-control-and-awareness-in-the-population-insights-from-12-year-editions-of-the-world-hypertension-day
#8
EDITORIAL
Massimo Volpe, Giuliano Tocci, Claudio Borghi, Gianfranco Parati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718050/prevalence-and-control-of-hypertension-in-different-macro-areas-in-italy-analysis-of-a-large-database-by-the-general-practice
#9
Giuliano Tocci, Giulio Nati, Claudio Cricelli, Damiano Parretti, Francesco Lapi, Andrea Ferrucci, Claudio Borghi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Limited data are available on the impact of hypertension in the different regions or urban areas in Italy. AIM: To evaluate hypertension prevalence and control among adult outpatients followed by general practitioners (GPs) in different regions and macro-areas in our Country. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data extracted in 2013 from the national GP Health Search-CSD database and stratified into three groups, depending on their own regions (North, Center and South)...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678019/abstracts-from-the-20th-annual-meeting-of-the-european-council-for-cardiovascular-research-eccr-poiano-lake-garda-14-16-october-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658925/long-term-home-based-exercise-is-effective-to-reduce-blood-pressure-in-low-income-brazilian-hypertensive-patients-a-controlled-trial
#11
Paulo Farinatti, Walace D Monteiro, Ricardo B Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Home-based exercise programs may increase adherence to physical activity among groups with poor access to exercise facilities. However, their effectiveness to lower blood pressure of hypertensive patients remains undefined. AIMS: This controlled clinical trial investigated the influence of a home-based exercise program upon blood pressure, blood metabolic profile, and physical fitness in a Brazilian cohort of low income patients diagnosed with hypertension...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644242/effects-of-a-novel-fixed-combination-of-nutraceuticals-on-serum-uric-acid-concentrations-and-the-lipid-profile-in-asymptomatic-hyperuricemic-patients-results-from-the-piconz-ua-study
#12
Francesco Rozza, Valentina Trimarco, Raffaele Izzo, Davide Grassi, Claudio Ferri
INTRODUCTION: Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is not a current indication for therapy as the definite role of serum uric acid elevation as a cardiovascular risk factor is extremely likely but still controversial. AIM: We designed a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study to assess the effects of a combination of nutraceuticals (ZinutriK(®), containing a fixed combination of kampferol, baicalin, caffeine, and rutin) on serum uric acid levels, lipid variables and the global cardiovascular risk profile...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623974/morphologic-and-functional-heart-abnormalities-associated-to-high-modified-tei-index-in-hypertensive-patients
#13
G Tissera, Daniel Piskorz, L Citta, N Citta, P Citta, L Keller, L Bongarzoni, L Mata, A Tommasi
INTRODUCTION: LV dysfunction develops early in hypertension, even previously to left ventricular remodeling. AIMS: To determine the frequency of morphologic and functional heart abnormalities associated to abnormal modified Tei Index in untreated hypertensive (HBP) patients (p) with preserved ejection fraction (pEF). METHODS: Case-control study. Three groups: (1) HBP without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH); (2) HBP with LVH; (3) non-HBP controls...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188195/resistant-hypertension-an-incurable-disease-or-just-a-challenge-for-our-medical-skill
#14
Marina Di Pilla, Rosa Maria Bruno, Stefano Taddei
Resistant hypertension is classically defined as a clinical condition in which target blood pressure values of 140/90 mmHg are not achieved despite an optimal pharmacological therapy of at least three antihypertensive drugs, including a diuretic. The aim of this review is to give an outline of the nosography of this disorder, highlighting the differences between true and apparent resistant hypertension. Since the proportions of patients who can be defined as resistant to antihypertensive treatment is elevated, this distinction is mandatory in order to identify only those who need special clinical attention and, possibly, newer non-traditional techniques...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160721/adherence-to-antihypertensive-therapy-and-therapeutic-dosage-of-antihypertensive-drugs
#15
Franco Rabbia, Chiara Fulcheri, Silvia Di Monaco, Michele Covella, Elisa Perlo, Marco Pappaccogli, Franco Veglio
Adherence to antihypertensive therapy is critical to achieving adequate blood pressure control. About half of hypertensive patients do not take their drugs as directed and the physicians often underestimate this issue. Non-adherence has important public health economic implications (numbers of visits, diagnostic procedures, prescribed drugs) and, moreover, it results in increased morbidity and mortality rates. Poor adherence can have several patients and therapy related causes. Currently, multiple different direct and indirect methods to measure therapeutic adherence are available, but, in clinical practice, there is no cost-effective and simple one...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567901/management-of-hypercholesterolemia-appropriateness-of-therapeutic-approaches-and-new-drugs-in-patients-with-high-cardiovascular-risk
#16
Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Massimo Salvetti
Control of lipid levels is one of the most effective strategies for cardiovascular (CV) event prevention. In fact, many clinical trials have clearly demonstrated that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering, primarily with statins, reduces major CV events and mortality. The evidence from these trials has been useful in designing the cholesterol treatment guidelines, which are mainly aimed at preventing and managing cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, available data indicate that a large proportion of patients fail to achieve lipid goals, and this is particularly frequent in patients at high or very high CV risk...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549324/selected-abstracts-from-xxxiii-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-hypertension-siia-florence-6-8-october-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501934/authors-response-health-benefits-hazards-associated-with-companion-animal-exposure-might-be-endpoint-and-animal-specific
#18
LETTER
Imala Ogechi, Kassandra Snook, Bionca M Davis, Andrew R Hansen, Fengqi Liu, Jian Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488205/pet-ownership-and-the-risk-of-dying
#19
LETTER
Richard F Gillum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342243/autonomic-dysfunction-how-to-identify-and-when-to-treat
#20
Francesca Saladini, Attilio Di Marco, Paolo Palatini
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (AD) is a particular condition that can be detected by means of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). ABPM is helpful to identify some specific characteristics of haemodynamic AD, including non-dipping/reverse-dipping pattern, orthostatic and post-prandial hypotension and elevated blood pressure variability. These characteristics may be misdiagnosed with traditional, clinic blood pressure measurements. AD is relatively common in the real world. By analysing about 1000 recordings in a Cardiology unit, AD was found in 6...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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