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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232768/executive-summary-of-the-2018-joint-consensus-document-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-italy
#1
Massimo Volpe, Allegra Battistoni, Giovanna Gallo, Speranza Rubattu, Giuliano Tocci
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death, disability and hospitalization in Italy. Primary prevention strategies are able to prevent clinically evident CVDs, mostly by early identifying asymptomatic, otherwise healthy individuals at risk of developing CVDs. A more modern approach recommended for effective CVD prevention is based on "4P", that is: Predictive, Preventive, Personalized and Participative. This executive document reflects the key points of a consensus paper on CV prevention in Italy, realized though the contribution of different Italian Scientific Societies and the National Research Council, and coordinated by the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC), published in 2018...
September 20, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229462/optimizing-lipid-pattern-by-adding-a-combined-nutraceutical-or-pravastatin-to-fenofibrate-treatment-in-hypertriglyceridemic-subjects-single-site-randomized-open-label-post-market-clinical-investigation
#2
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Marilisa Bove, Fulvio Ventura, Marina Giovannini, Claudio Borghi
INTRODUCTION: Fenofibrate is an effective and safe treatment for hypertriglyceridemia. However, after TG reduction a residual dyslipidemia could appear and require further treatment. AIM: To comparatively evaluate the short-term tolerability and efficacy of a combined lipid-lowering nutraceutical and pravastatin 40 mg in fenofibrate treated patients. METHOD: We prospectively enrolled 40 patients well-tolerating treatment with micronized fenofibrate 145 mg/day and with residual dyslipidemia (LDL-C > 115 mg/dL and TG > 150 mg/dL)...
September 18, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218441/selected-abstracts-from-xxxv-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-hypertension-siia-rome-27-29-september-2018
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203268/microvascular-density-and-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-before-and-after-treatment-with-incretin-mimetics-in-diabetic-patients
#4
Carolina De Ciuceis, Claudia Agabiti-Rosei, Claudia Rossini, Stefano Caletti, Maria Antonietta Coschignano, Giulia Ferrari-Toninelli, Giorgio Ragni, Carlo Cappelli, Bruno Cerudelli, Paolo Airò, Mirko Scarsi, Angela Tincani, Enzo Porteri, Damiano Rizzoni
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide 1-receptor agonists (incretin mimetics) and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (incretin enhancers) have been recently introduced in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. In particular, incretin mimetics seems to have ancillary antioxidant/antinflammatory properties that might be involved in endothelial protection. AIM: To investigate the effect of incretin mimetic therapy (liraglutide, exenatide) given to 11 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) (bone marrow-derived cells possibly participating in neovascularization and endothelial protection and repair) and capillary density...
September 10, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066227/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertension-urgencies-and-emergencies-during-acute-coronary-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Giuliano Tocci, Ilaria Figliuzzi, Vivianne Presta, Francesca Miceli, Barbara Citoni, Roberta Coluccia, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Andrea Ferrucci, Massimo Volpe
Uncontrolled hypertension is one of the most common determinant for the persistently high burden of cardiovascular (CV) disease, mostly including coronary artery disease (CAD) and hospital admissions due to acute coronary events. Markedly high blood pressure (BP) levels are also frequently observed during the acute phase of coronary syndromes (both ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina). In particular, a sustained raise of BP levels above 180/110 mmHg associated with acute cardiac organ damage, i...
July 31, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054892/wideband-external-pulse-recorded-during-cuff-blood-pressure-measurement-a-new-technique-for-cardiovascular-assessment
#6
Seymour G Blank, Gary D James, Mary J Roman
INTRODUCTION: The wideband external pulse (WEP) recorded during blood pressure measurement reveals three components (K1, K2, K3). K1 is recorded with cuff pressure (CP) above systolic (SP). AIM: To assess whether the K1 pattern contains information about the functional and structural properties of the cardiovascular system. METHODS: WEP analysis, echocardiography, carotid artery (CA) ultrasonography and applanation tonometry were conducted on 178 hypertensives...
July 27, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054891/ethnicity-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-tools-and-uncertainties
#7
LETTER
Daniel Piskorz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054890/in-memoriam-alberto-zanchetti-parma-july-27-1926-milan-march-24-2018
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051205/hypertensive-urgency-treatment-and-outcomes-in-a-northeast-thai-population-the-results-from-the-hypertension-registry-program
#9
Praew Kotruchin, Thapanawong Mitsungnern, Ratkamon Ruangsaisong, Supap Imoun, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive (HT) urgency is a common presentation in emergency room (ER). Although the practice guideline recommends against rapid blood pressure (BP) reduction, in medical practice, physicians usually attempt to timely reduce BP in order to avoid target organ damage. However, there is limited data in Asians. This study was designed to fill the gap of knowledge by using the dataset of the HT crises patients at a tertiary care center. AIM: To determine the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of HT urgency patients during ER visit and at 2-week follow-up...
July 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003528/inter-arm-systolic-blood-pressure-difference-in-physically-active-adult-subjects
#10
Daniel Neunhäuserer, Andrea Gasperetti, Sara Ortolan, Francesca Battista, Pietro Pettenella, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
INTRODUCTION: Increased inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (ΔPsys) has been associated with cardiovascular (CV) disease in elderly patients with CV risk factors. However, its significance in healthy subjects is unclear. AIM: To determine the relationship between ΔPsys, the individual level of physical activity and the global CV risk in apparently healthy adults. METHODS: Systolic blood pressure was measured in both arms in 400 subjects aged 46...
July 12, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987535/commentary-peripheral-and-central-aortic-pressure-wave-derived-reflection-parameters-local-and-regional-arterial-stiffness-and-structural-parameters-in-children-and-adolescents-impact-of-body-mass-index-variations
#11
LETTER
Marcelo Perim Baldo, Divanei A Zaniqueli, José G Mill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968145/peripheral-and-central-aortic-pressure-wave-derived-reflection-parameters-local-and-regional-arterial-stiffness-and-structural-parameters-in-children-and-adolescents-impact-of-body-mass-index-variations
#12
Victoria Garcia-Espinosa, Daniel Bia, Juan Castro, Agustina Zinoveev, Mariana Marin, Gustavo Giachetto, Pedro Chiesa, Yanina Zócalo
AIM: The aim was to analyze and compare the associations between body mass index (BMI) and structural and functional cardiovascular variables measured in children and adolescents. METHODS: 609 healthy subjects (mean age/range 12/4-18 years, 45% females) were studied. Subjects' BMI and the corresponding z-scores (z-BMI) were determined. Cardiovascular measurements: peripheral and aortic blood pressure (BP), aortic wave-derived parameters, common carotid, femoral and brachial artery diameters and stiffness, carotid intima-media thickness, carotid-radial and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (crPWV, cfPWV) and cfPWV/crPWV ratio...
July 2, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959696/prevalence-and-comorbidities-of-resistant-hypertension-a-collaborative-population-based-observational-study
#13
Simone Romano, Chiara Idolazzi, Cristiano Fava, Luigi Fondrieschi, Mario Celebrano, Pietro Delva, Lorella Branz, Angela Donato, Andrea Dalbeni, Pietro Minuz
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension, is a clinical condition that may confer high cardiovascular risk. Aim of the observational study was to evaluate the prevalence of resistant hypertension, and the association with cardiovascular risk factors or diseases in the Verona urban area. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eleven family doctors retrieved anonymised data concerning blood pressure, diagnosis of hypertension and treatments from a population of 17,502 adult subjects. The prevalence of resistant hypertension was estimated considering patients who had been consecutively treated with at least four antihypertensive medications, regardless of blood pressure values...
June 29, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956112/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-black-africans
#14
Marcelo Perim Baldo, Mauer A Gonçalves, Daniel P Capingana, Pedro Magalhães, Amilcar B Tomé da Silva, José Geraldo Mill
INTRODUCTION: African-Americans present higher prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) when compared with white populations. However, there is a lack of information about the prevalence and determinants of LVH in black individuals living in Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 609 University workers from Angola/Africa, describing the prevalence of LVH and the determinants of left ventricular mass...
June 28, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956111/ferrari-corporate-wellness-program-results-of-a-pilot-analysis-and-the-drag-impact-in-the-workplace
#15
Alessandro Biffi, Fredrick Fernando, Paolo Emilio Adami, Michele Messina, Felice Sirico, Fernando Di Paolo, Roberta Coluccia, Claudio Borghi, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Preventive strategies based on advice and interventions on lifestyle habits represent the most powerful resource available to reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Workplace represents an unmissable context for lifestyle changes at population level. AIM: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of a corporate wellness program in a cohort of healthy and physically active employees of the Ferrari car manufacturer. METHODS: A corporate wellness program, named "Ferrari Formula Benessere", was proposed to adult individuals working in a Ferrari car company at Maranello, Modena (Italy)...
June 28, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943358/hypertension-and-organ-damage-in-women
#16
REVIEW
Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Anna Paini, Carlo Aggiusti, Fabio Bertacchini, Claudia Agabiti Rosei, Massimo Salvetti
An adequate cardiovascular (CV) prevention strategy in women should consider the acknowledgement of sex-specific risk factors, such as hypertension in pregnancy, the concomitant presence of autoimmune diseases and the benefit of evaluating subclinical organ damage and treating hypertension. In accordance to current guidelines, the diagnostic approach does not differ between men and women, although the cardiac response to pressure overload may suggest greater sensitivity in women, and may vary according to age, ethnic background and obesity, that potentiates the effect of hypertension on left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy...
June 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916180/definitions-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-hypertensive-urgencies-and-emergencies
#17
REVIEW
Anna Paini, Carlo Aggiusti, Fabio Bertacchini, Claudia Agabiti Rosei, Giulia Maruelli, Chiara Arnoldi, Sara Cappellini, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti
Acute blood pressure (BP) elevation represents a frequent reason of concern for clinicians in everyday clinical practice. The terms "hypertensive emergencies" and "hypertensive urgencies" may be used in order to better define the so called "hypertensive crises". A hypertensive emergency may be defined as a condition characterized by an acute and severe elevation of blood pressure (BP) associated to a new onset or worsening organ damage (OD). A hypertensive urgency may be defined as a condition characterized by an isolated elevation of BP values without evidence of acute hypertensive OD...
June 18, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869130/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertensive-emergencies-hemorrhagic-stroke
#18
REVIEW
Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Fabio Bertacchini, Carlo Aggiusti, Deborah Stassaldi, Laura Verzeri, Giovanni Saccà, Maria Lorenza Muiesan
Arterial hypertension represents the most important risk factor for ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke, and an acute hypertensive response is often observed in patients with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). Available data indicate that the vast majority (> 70%) of patient with acute ICH have a systolic BP above 140 mmHg at the time of presentation in the ED; about 20% have SBP values above 180 mmHg. Severe BP elevation in the presence of ICH represents a hypertensive emergency, and worsening of clinical conditions is not infrequent in the first hours after admission; an aggressive early management is therefore required for these patients...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777395/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertension-urgencies-and-emergencies-in-the-emergency-room
#19
REVIEW
Alessandro Maloberti, Giulio Cassano, Nicolò Capsoni, Silvia Gheda, Gloria Magni, Giulia Maria Azin, Massimo Zacchino, Adriano Rossi, Carlo Campanella, Andrea Luigi Roberto Beretta, Andrea Bellone, Cristina Giannattasio
Hypertensive urgencies-emergencies are important and common events. They are defined as a severe elevation in BP, higher than 180/120 mmHg, associated or not with the evidence of new or worsening organ damage for emergencies and urgencies respectively. Anamnestic information, physical examination and instrumental evaluation determine the following management that could need oral (for urgencies) or intravenous (for emergencies) anti-hypertensives drugs. The choice of the specific drugs depend on the underlying causes of the crisis, patient's demographics, cardiovascular risk and comorbidities...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721914/echocardiography-in-arterial-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Roberta Esposito, Nicola De Luca, Maurizio Galderisi
Hypertension is a condition characterized by pressure and/or volume overloads and echocardiography is helpful and feasible to understand hemodynamic mechanisms. Echocardiographic information is sometimes critical and susceptible of modifying decision making. In this review, we provide detailed descriptions of the parameters that can be derived from a standard transthoracic echocardiogram, including some more recent techniques. We will also explain how each parameter might have impact in the evaluation of the hypertensive patient and give indications on when to refer patients to echo-labs, which parameters are critical and which ones might be redundant, and how to use the information obtained in the report...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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