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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777395/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertension-urgencies-and-emergencies-in-the-emergency-room
#1
REVIEW
Alessandro Maloberti, Giulio Cassano, Nicolò Capsoni, Silvia Gheda, Gloria Magni, Giulia Maria Azin, Massimo Zacchino, Adriano Rossi, Carlo Campanella, Andrea Luigi Roberto Beretta, Andrea Bellone, Cristina Giannattasio
Hypertensive urgencies-emergencies are important and common events. They are defined as a severe elevation in BP, higher than 180/120 mmHg, associated or not with the evidence of new or worsening organ damage for emergencies and urgencies respectively. Anamnestic information, physical examination and instrumental evaluation determine the following management that could need oral (for urgencies) or intravenous (for emergencies) anti-hypertensives drugs. The choice of the specific drugs depend on the underlying causes of the crisis, patient's demographics, cardiovascular risk and comorbidities...
May 18, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752703/effectiveness-of-renal-denervation-in-resistant-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-11-controlled-studies
#2
REVIEW
Marco Pappaccogli, Michele Covella, Elena Berra, Chiara Fulcheri, Silvia Di Monaco, Elisa Perlo, Jacopo Burrello, Silvia Monticone, Denis Rossato, Franco Rabbia, Franco Veglio
INTRODUCTION: Early uncontrolled studies reported large blood pressure reductions in subjects with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation, however these results were not confirmed in several of the latest publications. AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of RDN in controlled studies comparing RDN to either a sham procedure or to medical therapy. METHOD: Only controlled studies were included in the analysis...
May 11, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721914/echocardiography-in-arterial-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Roberta Esposito, Nicola De Luca, Maurizio Galderisi
Hypertension is a condition characterized by pressure and/or volume overloads and echocardiography is helpful and feasible to understand hemodynamic mechanisms. Echocardiographic information is sometimes critical and susceptible of modifying decision making. In this review, we provide detailed descriptions of the parameters that can be derived from a standard transthoracic echocardiogram, including some more recent techniques. We will also explain how each parameter might have impact in the evaluation of the hypertensive patient and give indications on when to refer patients to echo-labs, which parameters are critical and which ones might be redundant, and how to use the information obtained in the report...
May 2, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663195/which-target-blood-pressure-in-year-2018-evidence-from-recent-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
Sondre Heimark, Julian E Mariampillai, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Peter M Nilsson, Sverre E Kjeldsen
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) suggested a favourable effect of lowering blood pressure to < 120/80 mmHg in high-risk hypertensive patients; however, new American guidelines in 2017 have not followed SPRINT but lowered its recommended treatment target to < 130/80 mmHg. We aimed to review the latest research from large randomised controlled trials and observational analyses in order to investigate the evidence for new treatment targets. We assessed recent data from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Blood Pressure (ACCORD) study, the International Verapamil-Trandolapril Study (INVEST), the Telmisartan, Ramipril or Both in Patients at High Risk for Vascular Events trial (ONTARGET)/the Telmisartan Randomised AssessmenNt Study in aCE iNtolerant participants with cardiovascular Disease (TRANSCEND) study and The Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study...
April 16, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623553/hypertension-and-pharmacological-therapy-in-women
#5
REVIEW
Elisa Lodi, Alberto Carollo, Valentina Martinotti, Maria Grazia Modena
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women all over the world. The role and weight of risk factors in relation to gender are not completely clarified as well as their treatment. Pathophysiology of hypertension in woman presents different aspects in relation to phase of life, with an impact on treatment. The only certainties that we have nowadays regarding hypertension therapy in women are really few and may be summarized in: how to treat or, better, what not to use in hypertension in pregnancy and how to treat acute severe hypertension in pregnancy...
April 5, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582365/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-toxicity-associated-with-treatments-containing-proteasome-inhibitors-in-multiple-myeloma-therapy
#6
Andrea Iannaccone, G Bruno, A Ravera, F Gay, M Salvini, S Bringhen, L Sabia, E Avenatti, F Veglio, A Milan
INTRODUCTION: Recently new treatment options have substantially increased survival for patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Among these, proteasome inhibitors (PI), such as bortezomib and carfilzomib, offer high response rate and prolonged survival. These agents are generally well tolerated but demonstrated a significant cardiovascular toxicity, mostly for regimen containing carfilzomib. AIM: To assess the cardiovascular damage in patients treated with PI for RRMM...
March 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352426/commentary-to-the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-blood-pressures-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
LETTER
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Alessandro Colletti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330704/the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-blood-pressures-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari, Nasrin Sharifi, Kamran B Lankarani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Fariba Kolahdooz, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: Although several trials have assessed the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases, findings are controversial. AIM: This review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to summarize the evidence on the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases up to 10 August 2017 were searched...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330703/association-between-atrial-ventricular-and-vascular-morphofunctional-alterations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Alessandro Maloberti, Marta Riva, Marijana Tadic, Carlo Valena, Paolo Villa, Ilenia Boggioni, Maria Rosa Pozzi, Guido Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a risk of non-fatal and cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate simultaneously left and right atrial and ventricular function, as well as arterial stiffness, in RA patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 55 consecutive RA patients and 55 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Blood pressure and arterial stiffness were assessed in all participants, who also underwent a complete echocardiographic examination...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313304/essential-hypertension-and-functional-microvascular-ageing
#10
REVIEW
Rosa Maria Bruno, Stefano Masi, Marco Taddei, Stefano Taddei, Agostino Virdis
In healthy conditions, the endothelium plays a pivotal role in maintaining vascular homeostasis, mainly by the production of the relaxing factor nitric oxide (NO), which protects the vessel wall from those mechanisms favouring the development of vascular atherosclerosis. Aging is a powerful cardiovascular risk factors associated with endothelial dysfunction. In details, an alteration in the NO substrate L-arginine is the major factor responsible for endothelial dysfunction with advancing age, while reactive oxygen species (ROS) excess generation, which in turn reduce NO availability, plays a role in oldest individuals only...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307050/role-of-acetyl-salicylic-acid-in-controlling-the-doca-salt-induced-hypertension-in-rats-by-stimulating-the-synthesis-of-r-cortexin-in-the-kidney
#11
Uttam Kumar Maji, Pradipta Jana, Mitali Chatterjee, Sanmay Karmakar, Arup Saha, Tamal Kanti Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a metabolic disease which is caused by vasoconstriction and that results into elevated blood pressure. A chronic hypertensive condition affects and even damages to various systems in the body. Presence of renal cortexin (r-cortexin), an antihypertensive protein, which is released from the kidney cortex controls the blood pressure. The effect of r-cortexin was mediated through nitric oxide (NO), a universal vasodilating agent. AIM: In our study, acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin), a well-known activator of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) induced r-cortexin synthesis...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305812/proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-inhibitors-and-cardiovascular-risk-does-a-further-analysis-of-the-fourier-trial-suggest-changes-in-the-target-of-lipid-lowering-therapy
#12
EDITORIAL
Nazzareno Cervelli, Giuliano Tocci, Claudio Ferri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282696/cardiac-biomarkers-release-in-preadolescent-athletes-after-an-high-intensity-exercise
#13
A Peretti, L Mauri, A Masarin, G Annoni, A Corato, A Maloberti, Cristina Giannattasio, G Vignati
INTRODUCTION: An elevation of cardiac troponins has been described in healthy athletes after endurance exercises. The clinical significance of this increase is unclear and the lack of awareness of this phenomenon may lead to inappropriate management of these subjects. AIM: We sought to determine wether an intensive cycling training could determine a biomarkers elevation. METHODS: We evaluated serum high sensitivity cardiac troponin T, NH(2)-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, CK-MB and CK in 21 healthy male preadolescent athletes (age 9...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197935/how-to-improve-effectiveness-and-adherence-to-antihypertensive-drug-therapy-central-role-of-dihydropyridinic-calcium-channel-blockers-in-hypertension
#14
REVIEW
Giuliano Tocci, Giovambattista Desideri, Elisa Roca, Calogero Calcullo, Massimo Crippa, Nicola De Luca, Giovanni Vincenzo Gaudio, Laura Maria Lonati, Leo Orselli, Angelo Scuteri, Vito Vulpis, Benedetto Acone, Augusto Zaninelli
Essential hypertension is a complex clinical condition, characterized by multiple and concomitant abnormal activation of different regulatory and contra-regulatory pathophysiological mechanisms, leading to sustained increase of blood pressure (BP) levels. Asymptomatic rise of BP may, indeed, promote development and progression of hypertension-related organ damage, which in turn, increases the risk of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. A progressive and independent relationship has been demonstrated between high BP levels and increased cardiovascular risk, even in the high-to-normal range...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098651/excess-body-weight-insulin-resistance-and-isolated-systolic-hypertension-potential-pathophysiological-links
#15
Lanfranco D'Elia, Pasquale Strazzullo
Isolated systolic hypertension, the most common form of hypertension in the elderly, but also detectable among young and middle-aged subjects, is independently associated with higher risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Among various pathophysiological changes associated with aging, excess body weight and insulin resistance may predispose to this type of hypertension. Overweight or frank obesity and their frequent companion insulin resistance could mediate the development of isolated systolic hypertension through increase in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity, in the sympathetic tone and in salt-sensitivity, all in turn leading to endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness and increase in blood pressure...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094260/comparison-among-recommendations-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-issued-by-last-us-canadian-british-and-european-guidelines
#16
Christina Antza, Ioannis Doundoulakis, Stella Stabouli, Vasilios Kotsis
Guidelines for the management of hypertension have been issued by different hypertension societies or organizations. Despite many similarities one can identify major differences in the diagnosis, management and treatment of the hypertensive patients among ESH/ESC, NICE, Canadian and NJC8 guidelines. Differences that can be identified are in the definition of hypertension in the elderly population, the optimal blood pressure targets in different hypertensive populations such as patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease patients and the choose of the initial and appropriate antihypertensive agent depending on comorbidities of the treated population...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082466/perception-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-physical-activity-behaviour-implications-for-participation-among-individuals-with-essential-hypertension
#17
Fatai Adesina Maruf, C C Ojukwu, M O Akindele
INTRODUCTION: Understanding lifestyle behavior among individuals with hypertension is important for achieving hypertension control. AIM: This study explored perception, knowledge, attitude and participation in physical activity (PA) among individuals with hypertension attending tertiary hospitals in a south-eastern Nigerian state. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 200 individuals with hypertension from the Out-Patient Departments of the two teaching hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081017/validation-of-central-and-peripheral-non-invasive-hemodynamic-variables-using-an-oscillometric-method
#18
Darío Echeverri, Alejandro Pizano, Jaime Cabrales, Karen Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral and central blood pressures are parameters of arterial stiffness and important cardiovascular risk markers. Today, there are non-invasive methods that measure these pressures. AIM: To validate the non-invasive oscillometric method, compared with invasive pressure measurements obtained by cardiac catheterization. METHODS: An open, prospective cohort clinical study in 100 patients, 64 ± 11 years old. The measurement of peripheral and central blood pressures obtained using the Arteriograph® system oscillometric method, (TensioMed, Budapest-Hungary, Ltd...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076078/anticoagulant-therapy-in-atrial-fibrillation-for-stroke-prevention-assessment-of-agreement-between-clinicians-decision-and-cha2ds2-vasc-and-has-bled-scores
#19
Marzieh Balaghi-Inalou, Saeed Alipour Parsa, Latif Gachkar, Sasan Andalib
INTRODUCTION: To prevent stroke, anticoagulants should be administered after calculation of CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores in patients with Atrial Fibrillation (AF); nonetheless, these scores are sometimes neglected in clinical settings. AIM: The present study was designed to assess agreement of anticoagulant therapy according to clinicians and CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores in Iranian AF patients in Moddares Hospital. METHODS: AF patients were diagnosed according to clinical history, clinical examination, and electrocardiogram...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043685/abstracts-from-the-21st-annual-meeting-of-the-european-council-for-cardiovascular-research-eccr-lake-garda-20-22-october-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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