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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324597/the-burden-of-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-care-in-italy
#1
Carlo Piccinni, Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo, Monica Simonetti, Marco Giovanni Mennuni, Damiano Parretti, Claudio Cricelli, Delia Colombo, Mihaela Nica, Iacopo Cricelli, Francesco Lapi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major public health concern. From a public health perspective, the epidemiology of CHF needs to be distinguished from that of its related acute form. Data stemming from primary care are crucial to better know and update the prevalence and incidence rates of CHF. AIM: To update the epidemiology of CHF in an Italian primary care setting and to describe socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical characteristics of these patients...
March 21, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324596/blood-pressure-and-metabolic-changes-after-3-month-cpap-therapy-in-a-very-elderly-obese-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Chiara Di Pentima, Francesca Elena Lombardi, Elisabetta Borioni, Riccardo Sarzani
Age is one of the main risk factor for the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This syndrome is associated with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment and metabolic abnormalities, such as type 2 diabetes. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) represents the gold standard therapy, but its benefit is still to be determined in very elderly. We report the blood pressure and metabolic changes in a very elderly obese with severe OSA after 3-month CPAP therapy. We have evaluated a very elderly obese male affected by severe symptomatic OSA, poor controlled nocturnal hypertension and insulin resistance...
March 21, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303520/the-intra-procedural-cortisol-assay-during-adrenal-vein-sampling-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-study-i-padua
#3
Maurizio Cesari, Giulio Ceolotto, Giacomo Rossitto, Giuseppe Maiolino, Teresa Maria Seccia, Gian Paolo Rossi
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is the gold standard test for the subtyping of primary aldosteronism (PA). This procedure is hampered by unsuccessful bilateral cannulation of adrenal veins in up to two thirds of the cases depending on the cutoff of the selectivity index used. The rapid intra-procedural cortisol assay (IRCA) can increase the rate of bilateral success of AVS. This hypothesis needs to be proven using a randomized prospective study approach. AIM: We will therefore evaluate if an IRCA guiding adrenal vein sampling can increase the rate of selectivity and success of adrenal vein catheterization...
March 16, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293914/a-late-diagnosis-of-primary-aldosteronism
#4
Francesco Zorzi, Oliviero Olivieri, Paolo Brazzarola, Francesca Pizzolo
We report the case of a 41-year-old male patient with juvenile onset refractory hypertension while taking four drugs including a diuretic. Fourteen years before he underwent a complete investigation for secondary hypertension (including the aldosterone to renin ratio-ARR) that was negative. Since that, hypertension control gradually worsened, hypertensive organ damage aggravated and hypokalemia developed in spite of ACE inhibitor treatment. At the re-evaluation ARR was elevated, and the further workup for primary aldosteronism demonstrated an unilateral aldosterone producing adenoma that was surgically removed, with subsequent optimal blood pressure control with two anti-hypertensive drugs...
March 14, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239765/abstracts-from-the-15th-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiovascular-prevention-siprec-naples-9-11-march-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188543/in-memoriam-giuseppe-schillaci-palermo-27-september-1961-perugia-21-december-2016
#6
Giacomo Pucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181202/long-term-outcome-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-young-patients
#7
Giacomo Tini, Giulia Proietti, Matteo Casenghi, Marzia Colopi, Katia Bontempi, Camillo Autore, Massimo Volpe, Beatrice Musumeci
INTRODUCTION: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in young patients are uncommon and their influence on morbidity and mortality in this population is still debated. AIM: We investigated clinical and angiographic characteristics, risk factors and outcome in young patients diagnosed with ACS, compared with those of older patients, evaluating survival free from death and/or nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) and/or coronary revascularization (primary endpoint), and then with respect to each component of the primary endpoint...
February 8, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168358/patients-attitudes-and-approaches-to-the-self-management-of-hypertension-perspectives-from-an-australian-qualitative-study-in-community-pharmacy
#8
Beata Bajorek, Kate Lemay, Parker Magin, Christopher Roberts, Ines Krass, Carol Armour
INTRODUCTION: In the management of hypertension, blood pressure (BP) monitoring and medication use are key strategies, but they are dependent on patients' motivation to practice self-care. AIM: To gauge patients' approaches to monitoring their blood pressure, as well as explore their attitudes toward, and actions relating to, high blood pressure readings, as the key components of their self-management of hypertension. METHOD: This qualitative study, comprising individual telephone interviews, involved patients attending community pharmacies in Sydney (Australia)...
February 6, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160265/comparison-of-different-obesity-indices-for-predicting-incident-hypertension
#9
Mohsen Janghorbani, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Masoud Amini
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is well recognized to be an important risk factor for hypertension (HTN), but it is not clear which obesity indices have stronger association with HTN. AIM: To evaluate the ability of different obesity indices, including visceral adiposity index (VAI), hypertriglyceridemic-waist (HTGW) phenotype, a body shape index (ABSI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as possible hypertension (HTN) predictor in a high-risk population...
February 4, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150140/impact-of-statin-therapy-on-the-blood-pressure-lowering-efficacy-of-a-single-pill-perindopril-amlodipine-combination-in-hypertensive-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia
#10
Yuriy Sirenko, Ganna Radchenko
INTRODUCTION: Several lines of research indicate that statins can lower blood pressure (BP) independently of their lipid-lowering effects when used as monotherapy and in combination with antihypertensive agents. AIM: This short-term, open-label study examined whether statin therapy had a synergistic effect on the BP-lowering efficacy of perindopril/amlodipine in a subgroup of patients in the PERSPECTIVA study with concomitant hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, with or without statin at baseline...
February 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150139/acute-effects-of-moderate-continuous-training-on-stress-test-related-pulse-pressure-and-wave-reflection-in-healthy-men
#11
Florian Milatz, Sascha Ketelhut, Reinhard G Ketelhut
INTRODUCTION: Arterial dysfunction develops early in life even in individuals with modest cardiovascular risk. Stress is associated with increased risk in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. AIM: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the acute effects of moderate continuous training (MCT) on established markers of arterial stiffness and cardiovascular risk during standardized cold pressor stress testing (CPT). METHODS: 29 young healthy male subjects (33...
February 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102499/aortic-radial-pulse-wave-velocity-ratio-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-association-with-age-body-tissue-hydration-status-renal-failure-etiology-and-five-years-of-hemodialysis
#12
Daniel Bia, Rodolfo Valtuille, Cintia Galli, Sandra Wray, Ricardo Armentano, Yanina Zócalo, Edmundo Cabrera-Fischer
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the hydration status may be involved in the arterial stiffening process observed in hemodialyzed patients. The ratio between carotid-femoral and carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV ratio) was recently proposed to characterize the patient-specific stiffening process. AIMS: to analyze: (1) the PWV-ratio in healthy and hemodialyzed subjects, analyzing potential changes associated to etiologies of the ESRD, (2) the PWV-ratio and hydration status using multiple-frequency bioimpedance and, (3) the effects of hemodialysis on PWV-ratio in a 5-year follow-up...
January 19, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078606/arterial-stiffness-in-aortic-stenosis-relationship-with-severity-and-echocardiographic-procedures-response
#13
Giuseppe Bruschi, Alessandro Maloberti, Paola Sormani, Giulia Colombo, Stefano Nava, Paola Vallerio, Francesca Casadei, Jolie Bruno, Antonella Moreo, Bruno Merlanti, Claudio Russo, Fabrizio Oliva, Silvio Klugmann, Cristina Giannattasio
INTRODUCTION: Aortic stenosis (AS) is more than only a degenerative disease, it could be also an atherosclerotic-like process involving the valve instead of the vessels. Little is known about the relation of arterial stiffness and AS. AIM: We sought to determine wether pulse wave velocity (PWV), is related to AS severity and to the procedures response, both as surgical aortic-valve-replacement (AVR) and trascatheter-aortic-valve-implantation (TAVI). METHODS: 30 patients with severe AS were treated (15 AVR, 15 TAVI)...
January 11, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058623/replacement-of-amlodipine-and-lercanidipine-by-barnidipine-tolerability-and-effectiveness-in-a-real-life-study
#14
Robert Lins, Yves Haerden, Caroline de Vries
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Calcium channel blockers are an effective antihypertensive treatment, but frequently hypertension remains uncontrolled for many patients, partly due to tolerability issues. AIM: To assess the tolerability and effectiveness of barnidipine in mild to moderate hypertension patients switching treatment from other calcium channel blockers in daily practice. METHODS: BASIC-HT, a prospective real life study, enrolled 20,479 hypertensive patients initiating barnidipine treatment...
January 6, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181201/management-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-and-frail-elderly
#15
REVIEW
Claudio Ferri, Livia Ferri, Giovambattista Desideri
An elevated systolic but not diastolic blood pressure level represents a common finding in elderly patients and is associated with an increased risk for developing coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease, progressive cognitive decline and renal failure. Although less frequently, elderly patients manifest not only with systolic but also diastolic hypertension. Also in this case, the elderly patient will present an increased risk for developing hypertension-related abnormalities...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138953/clinical-benefits-of-unilateral-adrenalectomy-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypercortisolism-due-to-adrenal-incidentaloma-results-from-a-single-center
#16
Luigi Petramala, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Matteo Galassi, Cristiano Marinelli, Gianfranco Tonnarini, Antonio Concistrè, Umberto Costi, Maurizio Bufi, Piernatale Lucia, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Gino Iannucci, Giorgio De Toma, Claudio Letizia
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the results of unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) due to adrenal incidentaloma (AI) concerning the main cardiometabolic disorders. METHODS: We have studied between January 2000 to December 2015, 645 patients with AI (283 males and 362 females; mean age 61.9 ± 10 years) and we found 70 patients with SH (27 males and 43 females; mean age 61.9 ± 8.4 years)...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101819/high-central-aortic-rather-than-brachial-blood-pressure-is-associated-with-carotid-wall-remodeling-and-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-childhood
#17
Gonzalo Peluso, Victoria García-Espinosa, Santiago Curcio, Marco Marota, Juan Castro, Pedro Chiesa, Gustavo Giachetto, Daniel Bia, Yanina Zócalo
INTRODUCTION: In adults, central blood pressure (cBP) is reported to associate target organ damages (TODs) rather than peripheral blood pressure (pBP). However, data regarding the association of pre-clinical TODs with cBP and pBP in pediatric populations are scarce. AIM: To evaluate in children and adolescents the importance of cBP and pBP levels, in terms of their association with hemodynamic and vascular changes. METHODS: 315 subjects [age (mean/range) 12/8-18 years] were included...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339779/effects-of-a-combined-nutraceutical-on-lipid-pattern-glucose-metabolism-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-moderately-hypercholesterolemic-subjects-a-double-blind-cross-over-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Alessandro Colletti, Federica Fogacci, Marilisa Bove, Martina Rosticci, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest for combined nutraceuticals that can act on several points of lipid and glucose metabolism with preventive purposes. However, the simple assemblage of nutraceuticals with potentially additive mechanism of action need to be clinically tested. METHODS: To assess the effects of a combination of nutraceuticals based on artichoke, red yeast rice, banaba, and coenzyme Q10, we performed a double bind, cross-over designed trial versus placebo in 30 adults with LDL cholesterol suboptimal in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
March 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915400/the-pathophysiological-role-of-nox2-in-hypertension-and-organ-damage
#19
REVIEW
Maurizio Forte, Cristina Nocella, Elena De Falco, Silvia Palmerio, Leonardo Schirone, Valentina Valenti, Giacomo Frati, Roberto Carnevale, Sebastiano Sciarretta
NADPH oxidases (NOXs) represent one of the major sources of reactive oxygen species in the vascular district. Reactive oxygen species are responsible for vascular damage that leads to several cardiovascular pathological conditions. Among NOX isoforms, NOX2 is widely expressed in many cells types, such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells, confirming its pivotal role in vascular pathophysiology. Studies in mice models with systemic deletion of NOX2, as well as in transgenic mice overexpressing NOX2, have demonstrated the undeniable involvement of NOX2 in the development of hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, cardiac hypertrophy, platelet aggregation, and aging...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826733/appraisal-of-the-knowledge-of-hypertensive-patients-regarding-blood-pressure-control-and-comorbidities-results-of-a-french-regional-survey
#20
Maëlle Allibe, Daniela Babici, Yoann François Chantrel, Benoît Lesquerbault, Malina Dubau, Rocsana Fickl, Zafer Takla, Caroline Preissig-Dirhold, Roxana Bucura, Aicha Sissoko, Marcella Coliban, François Chantrel
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge about hypertension might influence blood pressure (BP) control and adherence to treatment. AIM: This study was conducted in collaboration with 11 pharmacies to assess the level of knowledge about hypertension and BP targets among the hypertensive population in the French region of Alsace. METHODS: Study participants (N = 380) were hypertensive adult patients visiting a pharmacy spontaneously from June to October, 2013, to get their regular prescribed medications including at least one antihypertensive agent...
December 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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