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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415425/secondary-arterial-hypertension-from-routine-clinical-practice-to-evidence-in-patients-with-adrenal-tumor
#1
REVIEW
Marco Grasso, Marco Boscaro, Carla Scaroni, Filippo Ceccato
Prevalence of arterial hypertension is up to 30-40% in epidemiological studies, it increases with aging and affects the cardiovascular risk. Essential form of hypertension is the most frequent; however, 5-10% of patients are affected by a specific and potentially reversible cause of increased blood pressure levels, called secondary hypertension. In general, all patients with young onset-age (< 40-50 years) or resistant hypertension should be screened for secondary forms. Among them, primary aldosteronism, Cushing's Syndrome and pheochromocytoma are the most common cause of endocrine hypertension associated with an autonomous secretion of adrenal hormones, often secondary to a tumor (either mono- or bi-lateral, or not always in the adrenals)...
November 10, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390203/effect-of-amlodipine-valsartan-versus-nebivolol-valsartan-fixed-dose-combinations-on-peripheral-and-central-blood-pressure
#2
Selvia M Farag, Hoda M Rabea, Hesham B Mahmoud
INTRODUCTION: Although hypertensive drugs may have the same effect on peripheral blood pressure, they vary in their effect on central blood pressure and its indices. AIM: To evaluate efficacy of fixed-dose combination of amlodipine 10 mg/valsartan 160 mg versus nebivolol 5 mg/valsartan 160 mg in grade 2 or more hypertensive patients assessed by peripheral and central blood pressure. METHODS: A prospective, open label, randomized study done in the outpatient cardiology clinic at Beni-Suef University Hospital...
November 3, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341642/left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hypertensive-athletes-can-be-reduced-by-antihypertensive-medication-despite-continuing-intense-aerobic-exercise
#3
Sascha Ketelhut, Ingomar W Franz, Reinhard G Ketelhut
INTRODUCTION: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) can be successfully reduced by antihypertensive medication. Both hypertension and aerobic exercise can cause increases in left ventricular mass (LV-mass). AIM: Therefore, hypertensive athletes with LVH were studied to investigate the effect of antihypertensive medication on LV-mass reduction despite continuing their regular intensive exercise programs. METHODS: 14 previously untreated hypertensive male athletes (A) with LVH and a prolonged history of endurance training where included in the study...
October 20, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328045/blood-pressure-control-and-other-quality-of-care-metrics-for-patients-with-obesity-and-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Jennifer T Fink, Elizabeth M Magnan, Heather M Johnson, Lauren M Bednarz, Glenn O Allen, Robert T Greenlee, Daniel M Bolt, Maureen A Smith
INTRODUCTION: There are no population-level estimates in the United States for achievement of blood pressure goals in patients with diabetes and hypertension by obesity weight class. AIM: We sought to examine the relationship between the extent of obesity and the achievement of guideline-recommended blood pressure goals and other quality of care metrics among patients with diabetes. METHODS: We conducted an observational population-based cohort study of electronic health data of three large health systems from 2010-2012 in rural, urban and suburban settings of 51,229 adults with diabetes...
October 16, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298226/hypertensive-crisis-with-neurological-impairment-mimicking-a-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-searching-for-a-link
#5
Alberto Mazza, Marta Lucchetta, Gioia Torin, Laura Schiavon, Antonella Paola Sacco, Giorgio Villi, Michela Armigliato, Edoardo Casiglia
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) may be complicated by severe hypertension (HT) and in turns severe HT can occur with neurological damage mimicking a GBS, so that underlying causes should be investigated. We describe a case of a 62-year-old woman presented to the emergency department for hypertensive crisis with symmetric flaccid paralysis, hypotonia and hyporeflexia of both upper and lower limbs. Brain computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and lumbar puncture were normal. Laboratory investigations revealed severe hypokalemia, renal failure, liver impairment, rabdomyolysis, metabolic alkalosis, and low plasma renin and aldosterone levels...
October 8, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251110/lowering-blood-pressure-with-the-combination-of-a-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-and-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-clinical-evidence
#6
José Carlos Arévalo-Lorido, Juana Carretero Gómez, Ricardo Gómez Huelgas, Dolores García de Lucas, Lourdes Mateos Polo, José Manuel Varela Aguilar, Javier Ena Muñoz
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often have numerous cardiovascular risk factors, among which hypertension. AIM: To evaluate the blood pressure variations among patients treated with a combination of a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (iSGLT-2) and a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1ra). METHODS: We analyze 17 patients treated with this combination to quantify the changes on blood pressure by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring at baseline and at three and 6 months follow-up...
September 24, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251109/effects-on-cardiovascular-risk-scores-and-vascular-age-after-aerobic-exercise-and-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-and-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension-the-exerdiet-hta-randomized-trial-study
#7
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Sara Maldonado-Martín, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Pablo Corres, Estíbaliz Romaratezabala, Anna C Whittaker, Silvia Francisco-Terreros, Javier Pérez-Asenjo
INTRODUCTION: The EXERDIET-HTA study was a multi-arm parallel, a randomized, single-blind controlled experimental trial comparing the effects of 16 weeks of different aerobic exercise programs two days per week, and dietary intervention in a hypertensive, overweight/obese and non-physically active population. AIM: To evaluate the influence of diet and aerobic exercise program intervention on cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors and predicted CVR and vascular age (VA) profiles in overweight/obese people with primary hypertension (HTN), and to analyze the potential sex differences in the ability to predict VA and CVR via different methods...
September 24, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251108/lack-of-correlation-of-carotid-intima-media-index-and-peripheral-artery-disease
#8
Paloma Laguna, Nicolás Roberto Robles, Juan Lopez Gomez, Sergio Barroso, Gabriel Collado
INTRODUCTION: Increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) measurement is usually seen as a surrogate marker of peripheral artery disease (PAD) but there is scarce cumulated evidence to support this view. AIM: To evaluate prevalence of increased IMT among patients with symptomatic PAD as well as the frequency of some cardiovascular risk factors in these patients. METHODS: They were recruited 230 patients with diagnosis of medium peripheral artery disease in the Vascular Surgery Service outpatient's office...
September 24, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229462/optimizing-lipid-pattern-by-adding-a-combined-nutraceutical-or-pravastatin-to-fenofibrate-treatment-in-hypertriglyceridemic-subjects-single-site-randomized-open-label-post-market-clinical-investigation
#9
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Marilisa Bove, Fulvio Ventura, Marina Giovannini, Claudio Borghi
INTRODUCTION: Fenofibrate is an effective and safe treatment for hypertriglyceridemia. However, after TG reduction a residual dyslipidemia could appear and require further treatment. AIM: To comparatively evaluate the short-term tolerability and efficacy of a combined lipid-lowering nutraceutical and pravastatin 40 mg in fenofibrate treated patients. METHOD: We prospectively enrolled 40 patients well-tolerating treatment with micronized fenofibrate 145 mg/day and with residual dyslipidemia (LDL-C > 115 mg/dL and TG > 150 mg/dL)...
September 18, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218441/selected-abstracts-from-xxxv-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-hypertension-siia-rome-27-29-september-2018
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203268/microvascular-density-and-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-before-and-after-treatment-with-incretin-mimetics-in-diabetic-patients
#11
Carolina De Ciuceis, Claudia Agabiti-Rosei, Claudia Rossini, Stefano Caletti, Maria Antonietta Coschignano, Giulia Ferrari-Toninelli, Giorgio Ragni, Carlo Cappelli, Bruno Cerudelli, Paolo Airò, Mirko Scarsi, Angela Tincani, Enzo Porteri, Damiano Rizzoni
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide 1-receptor agonists (incretin mimetics) and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (incretin enhancers) have been recently introduced in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. In particular, incretin mimetics seems to have ancillary antioxidant/antinflammatory properties that might be involved in endothelial protection. AIM: To investigate the effect of incretin mimetic therapy (liraglutide, exenatide) given to 11 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) (bone marrow-derived cells possibly participating in neovascularization and endothelial protection and repair) and capillary density...
September 10, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232768/executive-summary-of-the-2018-joint-consensus-document-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-italy
#12
Massimo Volpe, Allegra Battistoni, Giovanna Gallo, Speranza Rubattu, Giuliano Tocci
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death, disability and hospitalization in Italy. Primary prevention strategies are able to prevent clinically evident CVDs, mostly by early identifying asymptomatic, otherwise healthy individuals at risk of developing CVDs. A more modern approach recommended for effective CVD prevention is based on "4P", that is: Predictive, Preventive, Personalized and Participative. This executive document reflects the key points of a consensus paper on CV prevention in Italy, realized though the contribution of different Italian Scientific Societies and the National Research Council, and coordinated by the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC), published in 2018...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066227/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertension-urgencies-and-emergencies-during-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Giuliano Tocci, Ilaria Figliuzzi, Vivianne Presta, Francesca Miceli, Barbara Citoni, Roberta Coluccia, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Andrea Ferrucci, Massimo Volpe
Uncontrolled hypertension is one of the most common determinant for the persistently high burden of cardiovascular (CV) disease, mostly including coronary artery disease (CAD) and hospital admissions due to acute coronary events. Markedly high blood pressure (BP) levels are also frequently observed during the acute phase of coronary syndromes (both ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina). In particular, a sustained raise of BP levels above 180/110 mmHg associated with acute cardiac organ damage, i...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054892/wideband-external-pulse-recorded-during-cuff-blood-pressure-measurement-a-new-technique-for-cardiovascular-assessment
#14
Seymour G Blank, Gary D James, Mary J Roman
INTRODUCTION: The wideband external pulse (WEP) recorded during blood pressure measurement reveals three components (K1, K2, K3). K1 is recorded with cuff pressure (CP) above systolic (SP). AIM: To assess whether the K1 pattern contains information about the functional and structural properties of the cardiovascular system. METHODS: WEP analysis, echocardiography, carotid artery (CA) ultrasonography and applanation tonometry were conducted on 178 hypertensives...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054891/ethnicity-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-tools-and-uncertainties
#15
LETTER
Daniel Piskorz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051205/hypertensive-urgency-treatment-and-outcomes-in-a-northeast-thai-population-the-results-from-the-hypertension-registry-program
#16
Praew Kotruchin, Thapanawong Mitsungnern, Ratkamon Ruangsaisong, Supap Imoun, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive (HT) urgency is a common presentation in emergency room (ER). Although the practice guideline recommends against rapid blood pressure (BP) reduction, in medical practice, physicians usually attempt to timely reduce BP in order to avoid target organ damage. However, there is limited data in Asians. This study was designed to fill the gap of knowledge by using the dataset of the HT crises patients at a tertiary care center. AIM: To determine the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of HT urgency patients during ER visit and at 2-week follow-up...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968145/peripheral-and-central-aortic-pressure-wave-derived-reflection-parameters-local-and-regional-arterial-stiffness-and-structural-parameters-in-children-and-adolescents-impact-of-body-mass-index-variations
#17
Victoria Garcia-Espinosa, Daniel Bia, Juan Castro, Agustina Zinoveev, Mariana Marin, Gustavo Giachetto, Pedro Chiesa, Yanina Zócalo
AIM: The aim was to analyze and compare the associations between body mass index (BMI) and structural and functional cardiovascular variables measured in children and adolescents. METHODS: 609 healthy subjects (mean age/range 12/4-18 years, 45% females) were studied. Subjects' BMI and the corresponding z-scores (z-BMI) were determined. Cardiovascular measurements: peripheral and aortic blood pressure (BP), aortic wave-derived parameters, common carotid, femoral and brachial artery diameters and stiffness, carotid intima-media thickness, carotid-radial and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (crPWV, cfPWV) and cfPWV/crPWV ratio...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959696/prevalence-and-comorbidities-of-resistant-hypertension-a-collaborative-population-based-observational-study
#18
Simone Romano, Chiara Idolazzi, Cristiano Fava, Luigi Fondrieschi, Mario Celebrano, Pietro Delva, Lorella Branz, Angela Donato, Andrea Dalbeni, Pietro Minuz
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension, is a clinical condition that may confer high cardiovascular risk. Aim of the observational study was to evaluate the prevalence of resistant hypertension, and the association with cardiovascular risk factors or diseases in the Verona urban area. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eleven family doctors retrieved anonymised data concerning blood pressure, diagnosis of hypertension and treatments from a population of 17,502 adult subjects. The prevalence of resistant hypertension was estimated considering patients who had been consecutively treated with at least four antihypertensive medications, regardless of blood pressure values...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956112/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-black-africans
#19
Marcelo Perim Baldo, Mauer A Gonçalves, Daniel P Capingana, Pedro Magalhães, Amilcar B Tomé da Silva, José Geraldo Mill
INTRODUCTION: African-Americans present higher prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) when compared with white populations. However, there is a lack of information about the prevalence and determinants of LVH in black individuals living in Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 609 University workers from Angola/Africa, describing the prevalence of LVH and the determinants of left ventricular mass...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956111/ferrari-corporate-wellness-program-results-of-a-pilot-analysis-and-the-drag-impact-in-the-workplace
#20
Alessandro Biffi, Fredrick Fernando, Paolo Emilio Adami, Michele Messina, Felice Sirico, Fernando Di Paolo, Roberta Coluccia, Claudio Borghi, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Preventive strategies based on advice and interventions on lifestyle habits represent the most powerful resource available to reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Workplace represents an unmissable context for lifestyle changes at population level. AIM: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of a corporate wellness program in a cohort of healthy and physically active employees of the Ferrari car manufacturer. METHODS: A corporate wellness program, named "Ferrari Formula Benessere", was proposed to adult individuals working in a Ferrari car company at Maranello, Modena (Italy)...
September 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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