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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003528/inter-arm-systolic-blood-pressure-difference-in-physically-active-adult-subjects
#1
Daniel Neunhäuserer, Andrea Gasperetti, Sara Ortolan, Francesca Battista, Pietro Pettenella, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
INTRODUCTION: Increased inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (ΔPsys) has been associated with cardiovascular (CV) disease in elderly patients with CV risk factors. However, its significance in healthy subjects is unclear. AIM: To determine the relationship between ΔPsys, the individual level of physical activity and the global CV risk in apparently healthy adults. METHODS: Systolic blood pressure was measured in both arms in 400 subjects aged 46...
July 12, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987535/commentary-peripheral-and-central-aortic-pressure-wave-derived-reflection-parameters-local-and-regional-arterial-stiffness-and-structural-parameters-in-children-and-adolescents-impact-of-body-mass-index-variations
#2
LETTER
Marcelo Perim Baldo, Divanei A Zaniqueli, José G Mill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968145/peripheral-and-central-aortic-pressure-wave-derived-reflection-parameters-local-and-regional-arterial-stiffness-and-structural-parameters-in-children-and-adolescents-impact-of-body-mass-index-variations
#3
Victoria Garcia-Espinosa, Daniel Bia, Juan Castro, Agustina Zinoveev, Mariana Marin, Gustavo Giachetto, Pedro Chiesa, Yanina Zócalo
AIM: The aim was to analyze and compare the associations between body mass index (BMI) and structural and functional cardiovascular variables measured in children and adolescents. METHODS: 609 healthy subjects (mean age/range 12/4-18 years, 45% females) were studied. Subjects' BMI and the corresponding z-scores (z-BMI) were determined. Cardiovascular measurements: peripheral and aortic blood pressure (BP), aortic wave-derived parameters, common carotid, femoral and brachial artery diameters and stiffness, carotid intima-media thickness, carotid-radial and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (crPWV, cfPWV) and cfPWV/crPWV ratio...
July 2, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959696/prevalence-and-comorbidities-of-resistant-hypertension-a-collaborative-population-based-observational-study
#4
Simone Romano, Chiara Idolazzi, Cristiano Fava, Luigi Fondrieschi, Mario Celebrano, Pietro Delva, Lorella Branz, Angela Donato, Andrea Dalbeni, Pietro Minuz
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension, is a clinical condition that may confer high cardiovascular risk. Aim of the observational study was to evaluate the prevalence of resistant hypertension, and the association with cardiovascular risk factors or diseases in the Verona urban area. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eleven family doctors retrieved anonymised data concerning blood pressure, diagnosis of hypertension and treatments from a population of 17,502 adult subjects. The prevalence of resistant hypertension was estimated considering patients who had been consecutively treated with at least four antihypertensive medications, regardless of blood pressure values...
June 29, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956112/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-black-africans
#5
Marcelo Perim Baldo, Mauer A Gonçalves, Daniel P Capingana, Pedro Magalhães, Amilcar B Tomé da Silva, José Geraldo Mill
INTRODUCTION: African-Americans present higher prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) when compared with white populations. However, there is a lack of information about the prevalence and determinants of LVH in black individuals living in Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 609 University workers from Angola/Africa, describing the prevalence of LVH and the determinants of left ventricular mass...
June 28, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956111/ferrari-corporate-wellness-program-results-of-a-pilot-analysis-and-the-drag-impact-in-the-workplace
#6
Alessandro Biffi, Fredrick Fernando, Paolo Emilio Adami, Michele Messina, Felice Sirico, Fernando Di Paolo, Roberta Coluccia, Claudio Borghi, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Preventive strategies based on advice and interventions on lifestyle habits represent the most powerful resource available to reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Workplace represents an unmissable context for lifestyle changes at population level. AIM: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of a corporate wellness program in a cohort of healthy and physically active employees of the Ferrari car manufacturer. METHODS: A corporate wellness program, named "Ferrari Formula Benessere", was proposed to adult individuals working in a Ferrari car company at Maranello, Modena (Italy)...
June 28, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943358/hypertension-and-organ-damage-in-women
#7
REVIEW
Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Anna Paini, Carlo Aggiusti, Fabio Bertacchini, Claudia Agabiti Rosei, Massimo Salvetti
An adequate cardiovascular (CV) prevention strategy in women should consider the acknowledgement of sex-specific risk factors, such as hypertension in pregnancy, the concomitant presence of autoimmune diseases and the benefit of evaluating subclinical organ damage and treating hypertension. In accordance to current guidelines, the diagnostic approach does not differ between men and women, although the cardiac response to pressure overload may suggest greater sensitivity in women, and may vary according to age, ethnic background and obesity, that potentiates the effect of hypertension on left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy...
June 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916180/definitions-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-hypertensive-urgencies-and-emergencies
#8
REVIEW
Anna Paini, Carlo Aggiusti, Fabio Bertacchini, Claudia Agabiti Rosei, Giulia Maruelli, Chiara Arnoldi, Sara Cappellini, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti
Acute blood pressure (BP) elevation represents a frequent reason of concern for clinicians in everyday clinical practice. The terms "hypertensive emergencies" and "hypertensive urgencies" may be used in order to better define the so called "hypertensive crises". A hypertensive emergency may be defined as a condition characterized by an acute and severe elevation of blood pressure (BP) associated to a new onset or worsening organ damage (OD). A hypertensive urgency may be defined as a condition characterized by an isolated elevation of BP values without evidence of acute hypertensive OD...
June 18, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752703/effectiveness-of-renal-denervation-in-resistant-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-11-controlled-studies
#9
REVIEW
Marco Pappaccogli, Michele Covella, Elena Berra, Chiara Fulcheri, Silvia Di Monaco, Elisa Perlo, Jacopo Burrello, Silvia Monticone, Denis Rossato, Franco Rabbia, Franco Veglio
INTRODUCTION: Early uncontrolled studies reported large blood pressure reductions in subjects with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation, however these results were not confirmed in several of the latest publications. AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of RDN in controlled studies comparing RDN to either a sham procedure or to medical therapy. METHOD: Only controlled studies were included in the analysis...
May 11, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869130/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertensive-emergencies-hemorrhagic-stroke
#10
REVIEW
Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Fabio Bertacchini, Carlo Aggiusti, Deborah Stassaldi, Laura Verzeri, Giovanni Saccà, Maria Lorenza Muiesan
Arterial hypertension represents the most important risk factor for ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke, and an acute hypertensive response is often observed in patients with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). Available data indicate that the vast majority (> 70%) of patient with acute ICH have a systolic BP above 140 mmHg at the time of presentation in the ED; about 20% have SBP values above 180 mmHg. Severe BP elevation in the presence of ICH represents a hypertensive emergency, and worsening of clinical conditions is not infrequent in the first hours after admission; an aggressive early management is therefore required for these patients...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777395/therapeutic-approach-to-hypertension-urgencies-and-emergencies-in-the-emergency-room
#11
REVIEW
Alessandro Maloberti, Giulio Cassano, Nicolò Capsoni, Silvia Gheda, Gloria Magni, Giulia Maria Azin, Massimo Zacchino, Adriano Rossi, Carlo Campanella, Andrea Luigi Roberto Beretta, Andrea Bellone, Cristina Giannattasio
Hypertensive urgencies-emergencies are important and common events. They are defined as a severe elevation in BP, higher than 180/120 mmHg, associated or not with the evidence of new or worsening organ damage for emergencies and urgencies respectively. Anamnestic information, physical examination and instrumental evaluation determine the following management that could need oral (for urgencies) or intravenous (for emergencies) anti-hypertensives drugs. The choice of the specific drugs depend on the underlying causes of the crisis, patient's demographics, cardiovascular risk and comorbidities...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721914/echocardiography-in-arterial-hypertension
#12
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Roberta Esposito, Nicola De Luca, Maurizio Galderisi
Hypertension is a condition characterized by pressure and/or volume overloads and echocardiography is helpful and feasible to understand hemodynamic mechanisms. Echocardiographic information is sometimes critical and susceptible of modifying decision making. In this review, we provide detailed descriptions of the parameters that can be derived from a standard transthoracic echocardiogram, including some more recent techniques. We will also explain how each parameter might have impact in the evaluation of the hypertensive patient and give indications on when to refer patients to echo-labs, which parameters are critical and which ones might be redundant, and how to use the information obtained in the report...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623553/hypertension-and-pharmacological-therapy-in-women
#13
REVIEW
Elisa Lodi, Alberto Carollo, Valentina Martinotti, Maria Grazia Modena
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women all over the world. The role and weight of risk factors in relation to gender are not completely clarified as well as their treatment. Pathophysiology of hypertension in woman presents different aspects in relation to phase of life, with an impact on treatment. The only certainties that we have nowadays regarding hypertension therapy in women are really few and may be summarized in: how to treat or, better, what not to use in hypertension in pregnancy and how to treat acute severe hypertension in pregnancy...
June 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663195/which-target-blood-pressure-in-year-2018-evidence-from-recent-clinical-trials
#14
REVIEW
Sondre Heimark, Julian E Mariampillai, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Peter M Nilsson, Sverre E Kjeldsen
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) suggested a favourable effect of lowering blood pressure to < 120/80 mmHg in high-risk hypertensive patients; however, new American guidelines in 2017 have not followed SPRINT but lowered its recommended treatment target to < 130/80 mmHg. We aimed to review the latest research from large randomised controlled trials and observational analyses in order to investigate the evidence for new treatment targets. We assessed recent data from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Blood Pressure (ACCORD) study, the International Verapamil-Trandolapril Study (INVEST), the Telmisartan, Ramipril or Both in Patients at High Risk for Vascular Events trial (ONTARGET)/the Telmisartan Randomised AssessmenNt Study in aCE iNtolerant participants with cardiovascular Disease (TRANSCEND) study and The Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study...
April 16, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582365/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-toxicity-associated-with-treatments-containing-proteasome-inhibitors-in-multiple-myeloma-therapy
#15
Andrea Iannaccone, G Bruno, A Ravera, F Gay, M Salvini, S Bringhen, L Sabia, E Avenatti, F Veglio, A Milan
INTRODUCTION: Recently new treatment options have substantially increased survival for patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Among these, proteasome inhibitors (PI), such as bortezomib and carfilzomib, offer high response rate and prolonged survival. These agents are generally well tolerated but demonstrated a significant cardiovascular toxicity, mostly for regimen containing carfilzomib. AIM: To assess the cardiovascular damage in patients treated with PI for RRMM...
March 26, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352426/commentary-to-the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-blood-pressures-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
LETTER
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Alessandro Colletti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330704/the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-blood-pressures-among-patients-with-metabolic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari, Nasrin Sharifi, Kamran B Lankarani, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Fariba Kolahdooz, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: Although several trials have assessed the effect of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases, findings are controversial. AIM: This review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to summarize the evidence on the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on blood pressures among patients with metabolic diseases. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases up to 10 August 2017 were searched...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330703/association-between-atrial-ventricular-and-vascular-morphofunctional-alterations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Alessandro Maloberti, Marta Riva, Marijana Tadic, Carlo Valena, Paolo Villa, Ilenia Boggioni, Maria Rosa Pozzi, Guido Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a risk of non-fatal and cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate simultaneously left and right atrial and ventricular function, as well as arterial stiffness, in RA patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 55 consecutive RA patients and 55 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Blood pressure and arterial stiffness were assessed in all participants, who also underwent a complete echocardiographic examination...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313304/essential-hypertension-and-functional-microvascular-ageing
#19
REVIEW
Rosa Maria Bruno, Stefano Masi, Marco Taddei, Stefano Taddei, Agostino Virdis
In healthy conditions, the endothelium plays a pivotal role in maintaining vascular homeostasis, mainly by the production of the relaxing factor nitric oxide (NO), which protects the vessel wall from those mechanisms favouring the development of vascular atherosclerosis. Aging is a powerful cardiovascular risk factors associated with endothelial dysfunction. In details, an alteration in the NO substrate L-arginine is the major factor responsible for endothelial dysfunction with advancing age, while reactive oxygen species (ROS) excess generation, which in turn reduce NO availability, plays a role in oldest individuals only...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307050/role-of-acetyl-salicylic-acid-in-controlling-the-doca-salt-induced-hypertension-in-rats-by-stimulating-the-synthesis-of-r-cortexin-in-the-kidney
#20
Uttam Kumar Maji, Pradipta Jana, Mitali Chatterjee, Sanmay Karmakar, Arup Saha, Tamal Kanti Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a metabolic disease which is caused by vasoconstriction and that results into elevated blood pressure. A chronic hypertensive condition affects and even damages to various systems in the body. Presence of renal cortexin (r-cortexin), an antihypertensive protein, which is released from the kidney cortex controls the blood pressure. The effect of r-cortexin was mediated through nitric oxide (NO), a universal vasodilating agent. AIM: In our study, acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin), a well-known activator of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) induced r-cortexin synthesis...
March 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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