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High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915400/the-pathophysiological-role-of-nox2-in-hypertension-and-organ-damage
#1
REVIEW
Maurizio Forte, Cristina Nocella, Elena De Falco, Silvia Palmerio, Leonardo Schirone, Valentina Valenti, Giacomo Frati, Roberto Carnevale, Sebastiano Sciarretta
NADPH oxidases (NOXs) represent one of the major sources of reactive oxygen species in the vascular district. Reactive oxygen species are responsible for vascular damage that leads to several cardiovascular pathological conditions. Among NOX isoforms, NOX2 is widely expressed in many cells types, such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells, confirming its pivotal role in vascular pathophysiology. Studies in mice models with systemic deletion of NOX2, as well as in transgenic mice overexpressing NOX2, have demonstrated the undeniable involvement of NOX2 in the development of hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, cardiac hypertrophy, platelet aggregation, and aging...
December 3, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826733/appraisal-of-the-knowledge-of-hypertensive-patients-regarding-blood-pressure-control-and-comorbidities-results-of-a-french-regional-survey
#2
Maëlle Allibe, Daniela Babici, Yoann François Chantrel, Benoît Lesquerbault, Malina Dubau, Rocsana Fickl, Zafer Takla, Caroline Preissig-Dirhold, Roxana Bucura, Aicha Sissoko, Marcella Coliban, François Chantrel
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge about hypertension might influence blood pressure (BP) control and adherence to treatment. AIM: This study was conducted in collaboration with 11 pharmacies to assess the level of knowledge about hypertension and BP targets among the hypertensive population in the French region of Alsace. METHODS: Study participants (N = 380) were hypertensive adult patients visiting a pharmacy spontaneously from June to October, 2013, to get their regular prescribed medications including at least one antihypertensive agent...
November 9, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815775/the-age-of-nutraceuticals-exploring-new-therapeutic-targets
#3
EDITORIAL
Massimo Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744587/new-opportunities-for-monitoring-blood-pressure-control-and-awareness-in-the-population-insights-from-12-year-editions-of-the-world-hypertension-day
#4
Massimo Volpe, Giuliano Tocci, Claudio Borghi, Gianfranco Parati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718050/prevalence-and-control-of-hypertension-in-different-macro-areas-in-italy-analysis-of-a-large-database-by-the-general-practice
#5
Giuliano Tocci, Giulio Nati, Claudio Cricelli, Damiano Parretti, Francesco Lapi, Andrea Ferrucci, Claudio Borghi, Massimo Volpe
INTRODUCTION: Limited data are available on the impact of hypertension in the different regions or urban areas in Italy. AIM: To evaluate hypertension prevalence and control among adult outpatients followed by general practitioners (GPs) in different regions and macro-areas in our Country. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data extracted in 2013 from the national GP Health Search-CSD database and stratified into three groups, depending on their own regions (North, Center and South)...
October 8, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678019/abstracts-from-the-20th-annual-meeting-of-the-european-council-for-cardiovascular-research-eccr-poiano-lake-garda-14-16-october-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658925/long-term-home-based-exercise-is-effective-to-reduce-blood-pressure-in-low-income-brazilian-hypertensive-patients-a-controlled-trial
#7
Paulo Farinatti, Walace D Monteiro, Ricardo B Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Home-based exercise programs may increase adherence to physical activity among groups with poor access to exercise facilities. However, their effectiveness to lower blood pressure of hypertensive patients remains undefined. AIMS: This controlled clinical trial investigated the influence of a home-based exercise program upon blood pressure, blood metabolic profile, and physical fitness in a Brazilian cohort of low income patients diagnosed with hypertension...
September 22, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644242/effects-of-a-novel-fixed-combination-of-nutraceuticals-on-serum-uric-acid-concentrations-and-the-lipid-profile-in-asymptomatic-hyperuricemic-patients-results-from-the-piconz-ua-study
#8
Francesco Rozza, Valentina Trimarco, Raffaele Izzo, Davide Grassi, Claudio Ferri
INTRODUCTION: Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is not a current indication for therapy as the definite role of serum uric acid elevation as a cardiovascular risk factor is extremely likely but still controversial. AIM: We designed a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study to assess the effects of a combination of nutraceuticals (ZinutriK(®), containing a fixed combination of kampferol, baicalin, caffeine, and rutin) on serum uric acid levels, lipid variables and the global cardiovascular risk profile...
September 19, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623974/morphologic-and-functional-heart-abnormalities-associated-to-high-modified-tei-index-in-hypertensive-patients
#9
G Tissera, Daniel Piskorz, L Citta, N Citta, P Citta, L Keller, L Bongarzoni, L Mata, A Tommasi
INTRODUCTION: LV dysfunction develops early in hypertension, even previously to left ventricular remodeling. AIMS: To determine the frequency of morphologic and functional heart abnormalities associated to abnormal modified Tei Index in untreated hypertensive (HBP) patients (p) with preserved ejection fraction (pEF). METHODS: Case-control study. Three groups: (1) HBP without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH); (2) HBP with LVH; (3) non-HBP controls...
September 13, 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567901/management-of-hypercholesterolemia-appropriateness-of-therapeutic-approaches-and-new-drugs-in-patients-with-high-cardiovascular-risk
#10
Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Massimo Salvetti
Control of lipid levels is one of the most effective strategies for cardiovascular (CV) event prevention. In fact, many clinical trials have clearly demonstrated that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering, primarily with statins, reduces major CV events and mortality. The evidence from these trials has been useful in designing the cholesterol treatment guidelines, which are mainly aimed at preventing and managing cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, available data indicate that a large proportion of patients fail to achieve lipid goals, and this is particularly frequent in patients at high or very high CV risk...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549324/selected-abstracts-from-xxxiii-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-hypertension-siia-florence-6-8-october-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501934/authors-response-health-benefits-hazards-associated-with-companion-animal-exposure-might-be-endpoint-and-animal-specific
#12
LETTER
Imala Ogechi, Kassandra Snook, Bionca M Davis, Andrew R Hansen, Fengqi Liu, Jian Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488205/pet-ownership-and-the-risk-of-dying
#13
LETTER
Richard F Gillum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342243/autonomic-dysfunction-how-to-identify-and-when-to-treat
#14
Francesca Saladini, Attilio Di Marco, Paolo Palatini
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (AD) is a particular condition that can be detected by means of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). ABPM is helpful to identify some specific characteristics of haemodynamic AD, including non-dipping/reverse-dipping pattern, orthostatic and post-prandial hypotension and elevated blood pressure variability. These characteristics may be misdiagnosed with traditional, clinic blood pressure measurements. AD is relatively common in the real world. By analysing about 1000 recordings in a Cardiology unit, AD was found in 6...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272934/abpm-induced-alarm-reaction-a-possible-cause-of-overestimation-of-daytime-blood-pressure-values-reduced-by-treatment-with-beta-blockers
#15
Francesco Salvo, Chiara Lonati, Monica Albano, Paolo Fogliacco, Andrea Riccardo Errani, Cinzia Vallo, Michele Berardi, Vito Meinero, Carlo Lorenzo Muzzulini, Alberto Morganti
INTRODUCTION: Alarm reaction to clinical blood pressure (BP) measurement, defined white-coat effect (WCE), can cause overestimation of true BP values. AIM: To assess whether ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can similarly affect BP values during the initial hours of recording. METHODS: In 420 ABPMs selected for a first systolic BP (SBP) reading at least 10 mmHg higher than the mean daytime SBP, we calculated mean diurnal and 24 h SBP with and without the exclusion of the two first hours of recording defined as the WCE window (WCEw)...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251484/syndromes-that-mimic-an-excess-of-mineralocorticoids
#16
Chiara Sabbadin, Decio Armanini
Pseudohyperaldosteronism is characterized by a clinical picture of hyperaldosteronism with suppression of renin and aldosterone. It can be due to endogenous or exogenous substances that mimic the effector mechanisms of aldosterone, leading not only to alterations of electrolytes and hypertension, but also to an increased inflammatory reaction in several tissues. Enzymatic defects of adrenal steroidogenesis (deficiency of 17α-hydroxylase and 11β-hydroxylase), mutations of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and alterations of expression or saturation of 11-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, excessive intake of licorice, grapefruits or carbenoxolone) are the main causes of pseudohyperaldosteronism...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174431/pet-ownership-and-the-risk-of-dying-from-cardiovascular-disease-among-adults-without-major-chronic-medical-conditions
#17
Imala Ogechi, Kassandra Snook, Bionca M Davis, Andrew R Hansen, Fengqi Liu, Jian Zhang
INTRODUCTION: In a recent statement, the American Heart Association stated "There are scant data on pet ownership and survival in people without established cardiovascular disease (CVD)". This study sought to fill this gap. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data of 3964 adults aged ≥50 who were free from major physical illnesses. Pet ownership was assessed at baseline between 1988 and 1994. Vital status was followed through December 31st 2006. RESULTS: With dogs being most popular pets owned by 22...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160720/exploring-new-options-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-may-improve-patients-quality-of-life-and-outcomes
#18
Giuliano Tocci, Roberto Pontremoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160717/cushing-s-syndrome-screening-and-diagnosis
#19
Filippo Ceccato, Marco Boscaro
Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a rare disease, and usually characterized by hypertension, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, facial rounding, dorsocervical fat pad, thin skin, purple striae, hirsutism, and mood disorders. Efficient diagnostic and screening strategies lead to the diagnosis of a significantly higher number of cases of CS. As a screening test for CS, the Endocrine Society's Clinical Practice Guidelines recommend a single test with a high diagnostic accuracy, among the 1-mg dexamethasone suppression test (1-mg DST), late night salivary cortisol (LNSC), and 24 h urinary free cortisol (UFC)...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136934/hyperaldosteronism-how-to-discriminate-among-different-disease-forms
#20
Valentina Crudo, Silvia Monticone, Jacopo Burrello, Fabrizio Buffolo, Martina Tetti, Franco Veglio, Paolo Mulatero
Primary aldosteronism (PA), characterized by the inappropriate and abnormal adrenal secretion of aldosterone, is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. PA has been shown to increase cardiovasular and cerebrovascular risks in comparison with essential hypertension. PA is a multi-faceted disease, which comprises unilateral forms, benefitting from surgical treatment, and bilateral forms, which are the best managed medically. PA is more frequently sporadic, but in some cases, it displays a familial transmission pattern...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
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