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Reproductive Health Matters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233076/sea-change-in-reproductive-health-in-emergencies-how-systemic-improvements-to-address-the-misp-were-achieved
#1
Sandra K Krause, Sarah K Chynoweth, Mihoko Tanabe
The Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) for reproductive health has been the minimum standard for reproductive health service provision in humanitarian emergencies since 1995. Assessments of acute humanitarian settings in 2004 and 2005 revealed few MISP services in place and low knowledge of the MISP among humanitarian responders. Just 10 years later, assessments of humanitarian settings in 2013 and 2015 found largely consistent availability of MISP services and high awareness of the MISP as a standard among responders...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233074/-you-have-to-take-action-changing-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-newborn-care-practices-during-crisis-in-south-sudan
#2
Samira Sami, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Ribka Amsalu, Debra Jackson, Elaine Scudder, Alexander Dimiti, Janet Meyers, Kemish Kenneth, Solomon Kenyi, Caitlin E Kennedy, Kweku Ackom, Luke C Mullany
Highest rates of neonatal mortality occur in countries that have recently experienced conflict. International Medical Corps implemented a package of newborn interventions in June 2016, based on the Newborn health in humanitarian settings: field guide, targeting community- and facility-based health workers in displaced person camps in South Sudan. We describe health workers' knowledge and attitudes toward newborn health interventions, before and after receiving clinical training and supplies, and recommend dissemination strategies for improved uptake of newborn guidelines during crises...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233064/legal-strategies-to-protect-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-context-of-the-refugee-crisis-in-europe-a-complaint-before-the-european-ombudsperson
#3
Elena Laporta Hernández
In the context of the refugee crisis in Europe, the measures taken by the institutions and bodies of the European Union as they relate to respecting, protecting, and ensuring human rights have proven to be woefully inadequate. The development of a restrictive, defensive, security-based immigration policy has led to failure by European countries and the European Union to fulfil their human rights obligations. Specifically, the Agreement struck between the European Union and Turkey on 18 March 2016, in addition to externalising borders, placed economic and political considerations centre stage, leading to serious violations of the human rights of refugees and migrants, including their sexual and reproductive rights...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231800/let-s-talk-about-sex-work-in-humanitarian-settings-piloting-a-rights-based-approach-to-working-with-refugee-women-selling-sex-in-kampala
#4
Jennifer S Rosenberg, Denis Bakomeza
Although it is well known that refugees engage in sex work as a form of livelihood, stigma and silence around this issue persist within humanitarian circles. As a result, these refugees' sexual and reproductive health and rights, and related vulnerabilities, remain overlooked. Their protection and health needs, which are significant, often go unmet at the field level. In 2016, the Women's Refugee Commission and Reproductive Health Uganda partnered to pilot a peer-education intervention tailored to meet the needs of refugee women engaged in sex work in Kampala...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231790/uptake-of-postabortion-care-services-and-acceptance-of-postabortion-contraception-in-puntland-somalia
#5
Kingsley Chukwumalu, Meghan C Gallagher, Sabine Baunach, Amy Cannon
Unsafe abortion is responsible for at least 9% of all maternal deaths worldwide; however, in humanitarian emergencies where health systems are weak and reproductive health services are often unavailable or disrupted, this figure is higher. In Puntland, Somalia, Save the Children International (SCI) implemented postabortion care (PAC) services to address the issue of high maternal morbidity and mortality due to unsafe abortion. Abortion is explicitly permitted by Somali law to save the life of a woman, but remains a sensitive topic due to religious and social conservatism that exists in the region...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231788/the-2018-inter-agency-field-manual-on-reproductive-health-in-humanitarian-settings-revising-the-global-standards
#6
Angel M Foster, Dabney P Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis, Erin Wheeler
Since the 1990s, the Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings (IAFM) has provided authoritative guidance on reproductive health service provision during different phases of complex humanitarian emergencies. In 2018, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises will release a new edition of this global resource. In this article, we describe the collaborative and inter-sectoral revision process and highlight major changes in the 2018 IAFM. Key revisions to the manual include repositioning unintended pregnancy prevention within and explicitly incorporating safe abortion care into the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) chapter, which outlines a set of priority activities to be implemented at the outset of a humanitarian crisis; stronger guidance on the transition from the MISP to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services; and the addition of a logistics chapter...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231787/using-a-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-care-in-north-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#7
Michelle Hynes, Kate Meehan, Janet Meyers, Leon Mashukano Maneno, Erin Hulland
Providing quality health care services in humanitarian settings is challenging due to population displacement, lack of qualified staff and supervisory oversight, and disruption of supply chains. This study explored whether a participatory quality improvement (QI) intervention could be used in a protracted conflict setting to improve facility-based maternal and newborn care. A longitudinal quasi-experimental design was used to examine delivery of maternal and newborn care components at 12 health facilities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227208/zika-virus-the-glamour-of-a-new-illness-the-practical-abandonment-of-the-mothers-and-new-evidence-on-uncertain-causality
#8
Simone G Diniz, Halana F Andrezzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227205/sexual-violence-against-men-and-boys-in-conflict-and-forced-displacement-implications-for-the-health-sector
#9
Sarah K Chynoweth, Julie Freccero, Heleen Touquet
Sexual violence against men and boys is commonplace in many conflict-affected settings and may be frequent in relation to forced displacement as well. Adolescent boys, forming the majority of unaccompanied minors globally, are a particularly vulnerable group. Yet sensitised health services for adult and adolescent male sexual violence survivors are scarce, and barriers to accessing care remain high. We describe current challenges and gaps in the provision of health care for male survivors in settings affected by conflict and forced displacement, and provide suggestions on how to improve service provision and uptake...
December 11, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214917/programme-potential-for-the-prevention-of-and-response-to-sexual-violence-among-female-refugees-a-literature-review
#10
Gianna Maxi Leila Robbers, Alison Morgan
Continuing international conflict has resulted in several million people seeking asylum in other countries each year, over half of whom are women. Their reception and security in overburdened camps, combined with limited information and protection, increases their risk and exposure to sexual violence (SV). This literature review explores the opportunities to address SV against female refugees, with a particular focus on low-resource settings. A systematic literature review of articles published between 2000 and 2016 was conducted following PRISMA guidelines...
December 7, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210341/-without-this-program-women-can-lose-their-lives-migrant-women-s-experiences-with-the-safe-abortion-referral-programme-in-chiang-mai-thailand
#11
Ellen Tousaw, Ra Khin La, Grady Arnott, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
For displaced and migrant women in northern Thailand, access to health care is often limited, unwanted pregnancy is common, and unsafe abortion is a major contributor to maternal death and disability. Based on a pilot project and situational analysis research, in 2015 a multinational team introduced the Safe Abortion Referral Programme (SARP) in Chiang Mai, Thailand, to reduce the socio-linguistic, economic, documentation, and transportation barriers women from Burma face in accessing safe and legal abortion care in Thailand...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210333/training-reproductive-health-professionals-in-a-post-conflict-environment-exploring-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-education-in-mogadishu-somalia
#12
Abdiasis Yalahow, Mariam Hassan, Angel M Foster
Following two decades of civil war, Somalia recently entered the post-conflict rebuilding phase that has resulted in the rapid proliferation of higher education institutions. Given the high maternal mortality ratio, the federal government has identified the reproductive health education of health service professionals as a priority. Yet little is known about the coverage of contraception, abortion, pregnancy, childbirth, and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in medicine, nursing, or midwifery. In 2016, we conducted a multi-methods study to understand the reproductive health education and training landscape and identify avenues by which development of the next generation of health service professionals could be improved...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189110/protecting-safe-abortion-in-humanitarian-settings-overcoming-legal-and-policy-barriers
#13
Akila Radhakrishnan, Elena Sarver, Grant Shubin
Women and girls are increasingly the direct and targeted victims of armed conflict and studies show that they are disproportionately and differentially affected. However, humanitarian laws, policies, and protocols have yet to be meaningfully interpreted and adapted to respond to their specific needs, including to sexual and reproductive health services and rights. In particular, safe abortion services are routinely omitted from sexual and reproductive health services in humanitarian settings for a variety of reasons, including improper deference to national law, the disproportionate influence of restrictive funding policies, and the failure to treat abortion as medical care...
November 30, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120296/gendered-bodies-and-reproduction-in-the-arab-countries-and-turkey
#14
Jocelyn DeJong, Shirin Heidari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120295/perspectives-of-displaced-syrian-women-and-service-providers-on-fertility-behaviour-and-available-services-in-west-bekaa-lebanon
#15
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Rima Mourtada, Hyam Bashour, Faysal El Kak, Huda Zurayk
Prior to the conflict, Syria had relatively high fertility rates. In 2010, it had the sixth highest total fertility rate in the Arab World, but it witnessed a fertility decline before the conflict in 2011. Displacement during conflict influences fertility behaviour, and meeting the contraceptive needs of displaced populations is complex. This study explored the perspectives of women and service providers about fertility behaviour of and service provision to Syrian refugee women in Bekaa, Lebanon. We used qualitative methodology to conduct 12 focus group discussions with Syrian refugee women grouped in different age categories and 13 in-depth interviews with care providers from the same region...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120294/health-research-in-a-turbulent-region-the-reproductive-health-working-group
#16
Jocelyn DeJong, Huda Zurayk, Cynthia Myntti, Belgin Tekçe, Rita Giacaman, Hyam Bashour, Atf Ghérissi, Noha Gaballah
The Reproductive Health Working Group (RHWG) was established in 1988 in Cairo to advance research in the Arab countries and Turkey on the health of women, broadly defined. The paper considers the ways in which the group contributed to global health conversations through three examples of interdisciplinary research that, in privileging local contexts, modified or even challenged prevailing approaches to health and often raised entirely new issues for consideration. The three examples cited in the paper are: (i) the network's early research on reproductive morbidity; (ii) a broad set of ongoing studies on childbirth/maternal health; and (iii) emerging research on health and conflict...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120293/title-table-of-contents-and-acknowledgements
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120292/survival-and-negotiation-narratives-of-severe-near-miss-neonatal-complications-of-syrian-women-in-lebanon
#18
Livia Wick
The World Health Organization has elaborated a maternal and neonatal near-miss reporting, audit and feedback system designed to improve the quality of care during and after childbirth. As part of a four-hospital comparative study in the Middle East, this article discusses the experiences of mothers whose newborns suffered from severe complications at birth in the Rafik Hariri University Hospital, the only public hospital in Beirut. Based on in-depth home interviews several weeks after childbirth, it aims to explore the experience of neonatal near-miss events through the mothers' birth narratives...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#19
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120290/the-business-of-desire-russian-bars-in-amman-jordan
#20
Lenka Beňová
This paper discusses the type of work migrant women from the former Eastern European countries perform in nightclubs in Amman, Jordan. The fieldwork for this qualitative study was conducted in 2010 and is based on in-depth interviews with 13 women. The topic is approached from the perspective of describing women's choices and journeys to this work. It juxtaposes the sexualised nature of their work with their yearning for a "normal" family life, which they imagine, yet know, is impossible to achieve with the men they meet in their workplaces...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
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