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In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal

Neil C Talbot, Amy E Shannon, Caitlin E Phillips, Wesley M Garrett
The adaptation to feeder-independent growth of a pig embryonic stem cell-derived pancreatic cell line is described. The parental PICM-31 cell line, previously characterized as an exocrine pancreas cell line, was colony-cloned two times in succession resulting in the derivative cell line, PICM-31A1. PICM-31A1 cells were adapted to growth on a polymerized collagen matrix using feeder cell-conditioned medium and were designated PICM-31FF. Like the parental cells, the PICM-31FF cells were small and grew relatively slowly in closely knit colonies that eventually coalesced into a continuous monolayer...
February 13, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Saoko Tachikawa, Maho Shimizu, Kenshiro Maruyama, Kiyoshi Ohnuma
Thalidomide was once administered to pregnant women as a mild sedative; however, it was subsequently shown to be strongly teratogenic. Recently, there has been renewed interest in thalidomide because of its curative effects against intractable diseases. However, the teratogenicity of thalidomide is manifested in various ways and is still not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of thalidomide on early mesodermal differentiation by examining the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)...
February 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
J Denry Sato, Tetsuji Okamoto, David Barnes, Jun Hayashi, Ginette Serrero, Wallace L McKeehan
Gordon H. Sato, an innovator in mammalian tissue culture and integrated cellular physiology, passed away in 2017. In tribute to Dr. Sato, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Animal presents a collection of invited remembrances from six colleagues whose associations with Dr. Sato spanned more than 40 years. Dr. Sato was a past president of the Tissue Culture Association (now the Society for In Vitro Biology), editor-in-chief of In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology (1987-1991), and the recipient of the lifetime achievement award from the Society for In Vitro Biology (2002)...
February 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Hongbing He, Mingcheng Cai, Jiaoyue Zhu, Wudian Xiao, Buwei Liu, Yu Shi, Xue Yang, Xiaohu Liang, Tianhao Zheng, Shenqiang Hu, Xianbo Jia, Shiyi Chen, Jie Wang, Yinghe Qin, Songjia Lai
Although emerging data support crucial roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) during adipogenesis, the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, it was shown that in rabbits, levels of miR-148a-3p not only increased in white adipose tissue during early stages of growth but also during in vitro cultured preadipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-148a-3p significantly upregulated the mRNA levels of PPARγ, C/EBPα, and FABP4, as well as the protein levels of PPARγ, as indicated by qPCR and western blotting analyses...
February 9, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Hualin Yi, Sa Xiao, Yan Zhang
Spermatogenesis in vitro has been demonstrated using spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in monolayer culture or testis tissue fragments in agarose-constructed three-dimensional (3-D) conditions. However, the low efficiency of gamete maturation and the lack of a novel induction platform have limited the progress of its use in further research and clinical applications. Here, we provide modified stage-specific induction approaches for spermatogenesis in in vitro culture with cells possessing a totipotent status...
February 2, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Khatereh Saei Arezoumand, Effat Alizadeh, Mohammad Esmaeillou, Maryam Ghasemi, Shahriar Alipour, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Nosratollah Zarghami
In recent decades, mesenchymal stem cells originated from adipose tissue (adipose-derived stem cells, ASCs) have gained increased attention for production of cell-based therapeutics. Emu oil as a natural compound showed antioxidant effects in previous studies. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of crude emu oil on the proliferation, cell cycle progression, stemness genes expression, and in vitro wound healing potential of ASCs. An emulsion of emu oil was prepared using egg lecithin and butylated hydroxytoluene to improve bioavailability and solubility of emu oil in the expansion medium...
January 29, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Johnny L Carson, Michelle Hernandez, Ilona Jaspers, Katherine Mills, Luisa Brighton, Haibo Zhou, Jing Zhang, Milan J Hazucha
The diversity and extent of signaling functions of nitric oxide (NO) in cell physiology as well as its presence and influence as a common component of ambient air pollution and tobacco smoke are gaining increasing research attention relative to both health and disease. While cellular NO production is typically associated with inflammatory cells and processes, the airway epithelium particularly of the paranasal sinuses, has been documented to be a rich source of excreted NO. Inasmuch as excreted NO derives from both mucosal and inflammatory cell sources, distinguishing the individual contribution of these compartments to total excreted cellular NO is potentially problematic...
January 29, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Wei-Feng Ding, Xin Zhang, Xian Li, Zhi-Gang Liu, Shi-Cong Xie, Ying Feng
This paper used recombinant baculoviruses that carried three reporter genes, green fluorescent protein (GFP), β-galactosidase, and secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP), to infect four new cell lines from Papilio demoleus Linnaeus larvae (named RIRI-PaDe-1, RIRI-PaDe-2, RIRI-PaDe-3, and RIRI-PaDe-4). The expression levels of the three recombinant proteins were detected at 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 144 h after infection and compared with Sf9 and High Five cells to evaluate the characteristics of these four cell lines as host cells...
January 24, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Rieko Oyama, Fusako Kito, Marimu Sakumoto, Kumiko Shiozawa, Shunichi Toki, Akihiko Yoshida, Akira Kawai, Tadashi Kondo
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is an aggressive mesenchymal malignancy requiring novel therapeutic approaches to improve clinical outcome. Patient-derived cancer cell lines are an essential tool for investigating molecular mechanisms underlying cancer initiation and development; however, there is a lack of patient-derived cell lines of UPS available for research. The objective of this study was to develop a patient-derived cell model of UPS. A cell line designated NCC-UPS2-C1 was established from the primary tumor tissue of an 84-yr-old female patient with UPS...
January 22, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Gang Tang, Yi Shen, Pan Gao, Shuang-Shuang Song, Liang-Yi Si
Cardiac hypertrophy plays a major role in heart failure and is related to patient morbidity and mortality. Calcium overloading is a main risk for cardiac hypertrophy, and Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) has been found that it could not only regulate intracellular Na+ levels but also control the intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) level through Na+/Ca2+-exchanger (NCX). Recent studies have reported that klotho could affect [Ca2+]i level. In this study, we aimed at exploring the role of klotho in improving isoproterenol-induced hypertrophic response of H9C2 cells...
January 17, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Xiaokai Li, Siyuan Feng, Yi Luo, Keren Long, Zhenghao Lin, Jideng Ma, Anan Jiang, Long Jin, Qianzi Tang, Mingzhou Li, Xun Wang
Macrophage-derived foam cells were one of the hallmarks of atherosclerosis, and microRNAs played an important role in the formation of foam cells. In order to explore the roles of miRNA in the formation of foam cells, we investigated miRNA expression profiles in foam cells through high-throughput sequencing technology. A total of 84 miRNAs were differentially expressed between RAW 264.7 macrophages and foam cells induced by ox-LDL. Thirty miRNAs were upregulated and 54 miRNAs were downregulated. GO terms and KEGG pathways analysis revealed that the target genes of most of DE miRNAs were mainly enriched in "cell differentiation," "endocytosis," "MAPK signaling pathway," and "FoxO signaling pathway...
January 10, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Xin Zhang, Ying Feng, Wei-Feng Ding, Xian Li, Si-Cong Xie
Despite the pest status and medicinal value of the American cockroach Periplaneta americana, few attempts have been made to establish cell lines from this insect owing to the difficulty of culturing Blattarian cells. Here, we describe the establishment of the RIRI-PA1 line from P. americana embryo tissue following primary culture in modified Grace's medium containing 20% fetal bovine serum. RIRI-PA1 was found to primarily consist of attached spindle-shaped and giant cells, which attach themselves to their container...
January 8, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Saeideh Foroumadi, Masoumeh Rajabibazl, Azam Rahimpour, Solmaz Shahidi, Walead Ebrahimizadeh, Maral Yarahmadi, Shirin Rajabi, Azam Daraei
Breast cancer with more than 1.7 million diagnoses per year has been known as one of the most prevalent cancers among women worldwide. Despite the availability of advanced treatment options, cancer progression and metastasis is observed in 20% of patients. Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) is considered as an important prognostic and diagnostic tumor marker for breast cancer. While HER-2 is expressed on the surface of normal cells, its overexpression occurs in 20-25% on breast cancer tumor cells...
January 5, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Wei Tian, Jinhong Shi, Jianbing Qin, Guohua Jin, Xiao Han, Haoming Li
Brain lipid binding protein (BLBP) is highly expressed in the radial glial cells (RGCs) of the central nervous system (CNS), in glioblastomas, and, in vitro, in U251 cells. In this report, we have demonstrated that increased BLBP expression in glioblastoma is associated with poor survival and used a double-vector CRISPR/Cas9 lentiviral system to deplete endogenous BLBP from U251 cells, we found that loss of BLBP induced cell growth inhibition and S-phase arrest. Moreover, an increase in P53 and a decrease in p-ERK1/2 were observed after BLBP depletion, suggesting a potential mechanism by which loss of BLBP results in growth inhibition...
December 29, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Chien-Hsuan Yeh
High glucose has been known to play a pathogenic role in the development and progression of bladder cancer in diabetics, whereas the leading cause of death in such patients is mainly attributed to hyperglycemia-enhanced metastasis. In addition to the impact of glucose, cancer cells may be affected by laminar shear stress (LSS) generated from interstitial, blood, and/or lymphatic fluid flows during metastasis. Although the effect of flow-induced mechanical force on cancer pathophysiology has been extensively investigated, very little is understood regarding the cells that are simultaneously stimulated by LSS and hyperglycemia...
December 22, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Maliheh Safavi, Raheleh Shakeri, Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani, Jamshid Davoodi, Soheila Ajdary, Alireza Foroumadi
The destruction of cancer cells with chemotherapeutic agents is normally achieved through apoptosis. We previously introduced two synthetic halogenated flavanone derivatives, 3',7-dichloroflavanone (3'-7 DCF) and 3',6-dichloroflavanone (3'-6 DCF), as potential apoptosis-inducing agents. In the current study, we investigated the ability of these compounds in triggering intrinsic or/and extrinsic pathway of apoptosis in breast and prostate cancer cells. Also, the synergistic effect of 3'-7 DCF with TLR3 (Toll-like receptor 3) agonist in apoptosis induction was evaluated on PC3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells...
December 20, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Die Ren, Pan Ju, Jianing Liu, Dongsheng Ni, Yuping Gu, Yaoshui Long, Qin Zhou, Yajun Xie
Kidney mainly arises from the induction of metanephric mesenchymal cells (MM cells) and the ureteric bud (UB). Transmembrane protein-100 (Tmem100) consists of two transmembrane regions with strong temporal and spatial expression characteristics during renal development. However, the function of Tmem100 in mouse embryonic kidney-derived cells remained unclear. We provided qPCR to verify the relationship between Tmem100 and the BMP signal pathway. To clarify the role of Tmem100 in cell proliferation and apoptosis, we carry out EdU incorporation, annexin V- fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) apoptosis assay...
December 15, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Frank Simione, Tim Sharp
Successfully recovering stored cryopreserved cells requires attention to two major factors, i.e., storage temperature and proper handling of the frozen samples. These key considerations are in turn impacted by how the inventory system is constructed, the frequency and process for retrieving specimens, as well as how the material is secured. In addition, shipping biological materials requires attention to the type of material transported, adherence to regulatory requirements, packaging materials and proper assembly, labeling, and engaging reputable carriers...
December 13, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Charlotte Pushparajan, Juan Daniel Claus, Sean D G Marshall, Gabriel Visnovsky
The DSIR-HA-1179 coleopteran cell line has been identified as a susceptible and permissive host for the in vitro replication of the Oryctes nudivirus, which can be used as a biopesticide against the coconut rhinoceros beetle, pest of palms. The major challenge to in vitro large-scale Oryctes nudivirus production is ensuring process economy. This rests, among other requisites, on the use of low-cost culture media tailored to the nutritional and metabolic needs of the cell line, both in uninfected and infected cultures...
December 1, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Marimu Sakumoto, Rieko Oyama, Mami Takahashi, Yoko Takai, Fusako Kito, Kumiko Shiozawa, Zhiwei Qiao, Makoto Endo, Akihiko Yoshida, Akira Kawai, Tadashi Kondo
Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) is an aggressive mesenchymal malignancy characterized by the unique chimeric EWS-ATF1 fusion gene. Patient-derived cancer models are essential tools for the understanding of tumorigenesis and the development of anti-cancer drugs; however, only a limited number of CCS cell lines exist. The objective of this study was to establish patient-derived CCS models. We established patient-derived CCS models from a 43-yr-old female patient. We prepared the patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) from tumor tissues obtained through biopsy or surgery and isolated stable cell lines from PDXs and the original tumor tissue...
December 1, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
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