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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669360/predictors-of-treatment-discontinuation-during-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd
#1
Daniel F Gros, Nicholas P Allan, Cynthia L Lancaster, Derek D Szafranski, Ron Acierno
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent and impairing condition for which there are several evidence-based psychotherapies. However, a significant proportion of patients fail to complete a 'sufficient dose' of psychotherapy, potentially limiting treatment gains. AIMS: The present study investigated predictors of premature treatment discontinuation during a trial of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for PTSD. METHOD: Combat veterans with PTSD were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial of PE delivered in person or via telehealth technologies...
July 3, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651663/brief-coping-strategy-enhancement-for-distressing-voices-an-evaluation-in-routine-clinical-practice
#2
Mark Hayward, Rebecca Edgecumbe, Anna-Marie Jones, Clio Berry, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Hearing voices can be a common and distressing experience. Psychological treatment in the form of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is effective, but is rarely available to patients. The barriers to increasing access include a lack of time for clinicians to deliver therapy. Emerging evidence suggests that CBTp delivered in brief forms can be effective and offer one solution to increasing access. AIMS: We adapted an existing form of CBTp, coping strategy enhancement (CSE), to focus specifically on distressing voices in a brief format...
June 27, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637525/eye-tracking-evidence-of-a-maintenance-bias-in-social-anxiety
#3
Catarina Fernandes, Susana Silva, Joana Pires, Alexandra Reis, Antónia Jimenez Ros, Luís Janeiro, Luís Faísca, Ana Teresa Martins
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms and triggers of the attentional bias in social anxiety are not yet fully determined, and the modulating role of personality traits is being increasingly acknowledged. AIMS: Our main purpose was to test whether social anxiety is associated with mechanisms of hypervigilance, avoidance (static biases), vigilance-avoidance or the maintenance of attention (dynamic biases). Our secondary goal was to explore the role of personality structure in shaping the attention bias...
June 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625205/why-suicide-the-analysis-of-motives-for-self-harm
#4
Mohammed J Abbas, Mostafa A Mohanna, Tarig A Diab, Millicent Chikoore, Michael Wang
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in understanding the meaning and motives behind suicidal behaviour. Using the Ideal Type methodology, Jean Baechler systematically examined the internal logic of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. He developed a typology of eleven typical meanings/motives: Flight, Grief, Self-punishment, Vengeance, Crime, Blackmail, Appeal, Sacrifice, Transfiguration, Ordeal and Game. AIMS: To develop and validate a standardized instrument to measure the motives/meanings of suicidal and self-harming behaviours, using Baechler's typology...
June 19, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625196/the-effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt-e-a-naturalistic-study-within-an-out-patient-eating-disorder-service
#5
Rachel Signorini, Jeanie Sheffield, Natalie Rhodes, Carmel Fleming, Warren Ward
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioural Therapy (CBT-E) for adults with a range of eating disorder presentations within routine clinical settings has been examined in only two known published studies, neither of which included a follow-up assessment period. AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CBT-E within an out-patient eating disorder service in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, and incorporated a follow-up assessment period of approximately 20 weeks post-treatment...
June 19, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595666/a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-maladaptive-perfectionism-in-students-a-pilot-study
#6
Fernán G Arana, Mariana C Miracco, Marina S Galarregui, Eduardo G Keegan
BACKGROUND: Researchers focused on developing therapeutic strategies for perfectionism given its well-established link to the onset and maintenance of several mental disorders. Meta-analytical findings provided support for the efficacy of cognitive behavioural (CB) approaches. However, most studies have focused on the efficacy of interventions, without analysing their efficiency. AIMS: To explore the feasibility of a brief (five weekly sessions) CB group intervention focused on reducing perfectionistic concerns in Argentine students...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#7
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592342/treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-excessive-reassurance-seeking-in-an-older-adult-a-single-case-quasi-experimental-design
#8
Brynjar Halldorsson, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural interventions for excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) typically focus on encouraging individuals to refrain from seeking any reassurance and in some cases banning caregivers (e.g. family members) from providing it. However, this blanket consideration that reassurance is a bad thing that should simply be stopped may not always be appropriate or helpful. Cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) targeting ERS by helping the sufferer to shift from seeking reassurance to seeking support may be a promising treatment intervention...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528592/client-perceptions-of-helpfulness-in-therapy-a-novel-video-rating-methodology-for-examining-process-variables-at-brief-intervals-during-a-single-session
#9
Alexandra A Cocklin, Warren Mansell, Richard Emsley, Phil McEvoy, Chloe Preston, Jody Comiskey, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: The value of clients' reports of their experiences in therapy is widely recognized, yet quantitative methodology has rarely been used to measure clients' self-reported perceptions of what is helpful over a single session. AIMS: A video-rating method using was developed to gather data at brief intervals using process measures of client perceived experience and standardized measures of working alliance (Session Rating Scale; SRS). Data were collected over the course of a single video-recorded session of cognitive therapy (Method of Levels Therapy; Carey, 2006; Mansell et al...
May 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511739/self-critical-thinking-and-overgeneralization-in-depression-and-eating-disorders-an-experimental-study
#10
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Self-critical thinking is common across psychological disorders. This study hypothesized that it may play an important role in 'overgeneralization', the process of drawing general implications from an isolated negative experience. AIMS: To explore the impact of two experimental tasks designed to elicit self-critical thoughts on the endorsement of general negative self-views of clinical and non-clinical populations. METHOD: Three groups (depression, eating disorders and non-clinical controls), completed standardized questionnaires and the two tasks...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511729/juicy-conceptualizations-increasing-alliance-through-attending-to-client-metaphoric-language
#11
Fiona Mathieson, Jennifer Jordan, Paul Merrick, Maria Stubbe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the use of metaphor in cognitive behaviour therapy. Experts advocate bringing client metaphors into case conceptualizations, but there is little empirical research to support this. AIMS: This study evaluated the effect of training 12 therapists to attend to client metaphors and bring them into case conceptualizations. METHOD: Pre- and post-training role-played therapy sessions were conducted and video-recorded...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506333/-home-etherapy-service-for-people-with-common-mental-health-problems-an-evaluation
#12
Judith Gellatly, Leanne Chisnall, Nic Seccombe, Kathryn Ragan, Nicola Lidbetter, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Ensuring rapid access to psychological interventions is a priority of mental health services. The involvement of peer workers to support the delivery of more accessible treatment options such as computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) is recognized. AIMS: To evaluate the implementation of a third sector remote CCBT @Home eTherapy service for people experiencing common mental health problems supported by individuals with lived experience. METHOD: Supported CCBT packages with telephone support were delivered over a 30-month period...
May 16, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490390/development-and-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-delivered-by-psychologists-and-non-psychologists-in-an-nhs-community-adult-mental-health-service-a-preliminary-analysis
#13
Thomas Richardson, Lorraine Bell, Helen Bolderston, Sue Clarke
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is effective for depression and may be useful for complex transdiagnostic clients. AIMS: To conduct a preliminary evaluation of whether ACT is feasible and effective when delivered by psychologists and non-psychologists for complex clients in a National Health Service (NHS) community mental health service for adults. METHOD: Staff were trained in ACT and conducted one-to-one therapy with clients...
May 11, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488561/an-integrative-cognitive-model-of-internalized-stigma-in-psychosis
#14
Lisa Wood, Rory Byrne, Anthony P Morrison
BACKGROUND: Internalized stigma is a significant difficulty for those who experience psychosis, but it has never been conceptualized using cognitive theory. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to outline a cognitive model conceptualizing internalized stigma experienced by people who also experience psychosis. METHOD: Previous literature is reviewed, critiqued and synthesized to develop the model. It draws upon previous social cognitive models of internalized stigma and integrates cognitive behavioural theory and social mentality theory...
May 10, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478787/development-and-validation-of-the-negative-attitudes-towards-cbt-scale
#15
Zachary J Parker, Glenn Waller
BACKGROUND: Clinicians commonly fail to use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) adequately, but the reasons for such omissions are not well understood. AIMS: The objective of this study was to create and validate a measure to assess clinicians' attitudes towards CBT - the Negative Attitudes towards CBT Scale (NACS). METHOD: The participants were 204 clinicians from various mental healthcare fields. Each completed the NACS, measures of anxiety and self-esteem, and a measure of therapists' use of CBT and non-CBT techniques and their confidence in using those techniques...
May 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478779/do-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-improve-when-patients-receive-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-co-morbid-anxiety-disorders-in-a-primary-care-psychological-therapy-iapt-service
#16
Mark Kenwright, Jason McDonald, Jo Talbot, Kinza Janjua
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common co-morbid condition with anxiety disorders, and patients often report a fear of incontinence in public places. This type of bowel control anxiety (BCA) can be conceptualized as a phobic syndrome. Yet little evidence exists on the prevalence or outcomes of these co-morbidities in routine primary care psychological therapy (Improving Access to Psychological Therapies, IAPT) services. AIMS: To examine the prevalence and outcomes of IBS and BCA patients treated with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders within a routine IAPT service...
May 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473005/guided-self-help-for-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-prior-to-starting-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-a-cohort-study
#17
Sheila Ali, Kimberley Goldsmith, Mary Burgess, Trudie Chalder
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that minimal interventions such as self-help guidance can improve outcomes in patients with fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). AIMS: The aim of the current study was to investigate whether self-help guidance could improve physical functioning, social adjustment and fatigue in a group of patients with CFS who were awaiting CBT at a clinic in secondary care. METHOD: Patients completed questionnaires at their initial assessment (baseline), immediately before beginning CBT (pre-treatment), and after their last session of CBT (end of treatment)...
May 5, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443523/do-non-reflective-thinkers-apply-extreme-personal-meanings-to-their-activated-moods
#18
Alyson L Dodd, Matthew Haigh
BACKGROUND: The integrative cognitive model of mood swings proposes that mood symptoms are driven by extreme, self-referent appraisals. For example, if activated mood is appraised positively, this prompts selection of mood regulation strategies that act to up-regulate mood. Appraisals are driven by fast and automatic Type 1 cognitive processes, which, left unchecked, can cause activated mood to escalate. AIMS: It was hypothesized that greater propensity to override these automatic processes by engaging in reflective (Type 2) thinking would be negatively associated with extreme appraisals of activation and activation...
April 26, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401826/establishing-theoretical-stability-and-treatment-integrity-for-motivational-interviewing
#19
Cathy Atkinson, Kevin Woods
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence claiming the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in promoting behavioural change. However, ongoing changes to MI theory and practice have implications for its transferability, accessibility and for the validity of previous findings. Lack of practice consistency may make its effectiveness difficult to evaluate. AIMS: This paper explores the complexity of MI and issues in the development of evidence-based practice in delivery, before describing issues related to practitioner application...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390450/a-complex-interplay-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-in-addison-s-disease-to-reduce-emergency-department-admissions
#20
Jo Daniels, Elizabeth Sheils
BACKGROUND: Addison's disease (AD) is a rare chronic illness caused by adrenocortical insufficiency. Due to the pivotal role of the regulating hormone cortisol in AD, there is a common symptom overlap between the presentation of anxiety and adrenal crisis. Previous literature has identified the prevalence of anxiety in endocrinological disorders, however there is a paucity of research examining the complex interplay between AD and anxiety. AIMS: This paper describes a single case study of a patient with severe health anxiety and co-morbid AD...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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