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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

H M Bowers, A L Wroe
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests benefits of targeting beliefs about the unacceptability of emotions in treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIMS: The current study developed and tested an intervention focusing on beliefs and behaviours around emotional expression. METHOD: Four participants with IBS attended five group sessions using cognitive behavioural techniques focusing on beliefs about the unacceptability of expressing emotions...
November 8, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall, George Lofthouse
BACKGROUND: Neuroticism is associated with inflated somatic symptom reporting. Worry and rumination are a cognitive concomitant of neuroticism and potentially mediate the neuroticism-somatic complaint relationship. AIMS: The present study examined the degree to which worry and rumination mediated the relationship between neuroticism and somatic complaints. METHOD: A sample of 170 volunteers, recruited via convenience sampling, took part. Participants completed a series of self-report measures: the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Short Form, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, the Ruminative Response Scale and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8...
November 7, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Izabela Nowak, Piotr Świtaj, Carla Sabariego, Cornelia Oberhauser, Marta Anczewska
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop culturally adapted interventions that support the personal recovery and real-world functioning of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. AIMS: This study reports on the development and evaluation of a culturally adapted, recovery-oriented, cognitive behavioural workshop for service users with schizophrenia. METHOD: The feasibility and acceptability were assessed, as were changes over time in personal recovery and psychosocial functioning (primary outcomes) along with psychopathology and health-related behaviours (secondary outcomes), using multi-level modelling...
October 30, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
J E J Buckman, R Saunders, P Fearon, J Leibowitz, S Pilling
BACKGROUND: Identifying depressed patients unlikely to reach remission and those likely to relapse after reaching remission is of great importance, but there are few pre-treatment factors that can help clinicians predict prognosis and together these explain relatively little variance in treatment outcomes. Attentional control has shown promise in studies to date, but has not been investigated prospectively in routine clinical settings with depressed patients. AIMS: This study aimed to pilot the use of a brief self-report measure of attentional control in routine care and investigate the associations between attentional control, psychological treatment response and relapse to depression up to 1 year post-treatment...
October 24, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Radu Soflau, Daniel O David
BACKGROUND: Although the ABC model proposed by cognitive behavioral theory has strong empirical support for a wide range of psychological problems, little is known about the role of irrational beliefs (IBs), a central concept of the ABC model, in the aetiology of paranoid thoughts, one of the most common psychotic symptoms. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of IBs on paranoid thoughts and people's perceptions of others. METHOD: Eighty-one non-clinical participants (m age = 21...
October 9, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Daniel Stockton, Stephen Kellett, Raul Berrios, Fuschia Sirois, Nicolas Wilkinson, Georgina Miles
BACKGROUND: Mediation studies test the mechanisms by which interventions produce clinical outcomes. Consistent positive mediation results have previously been evidenced (Hayes et al., 2006) for the putative processes that compromise the psychological flexibility model of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). AIMS: The present review aimed to update and extend the ACT mediation evidence base by reviewing mediation studies published since the review of Hayes et al...
October 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Aoife Bradley, Claire Fyvie, Katharine Logan, Paula Easton, Jackie Thomas, Sarah Philips, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts, Marylene Cloitre, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: Two 'sibling' disorders have been proposed for the fourthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). Examining psychological factors that may be associated with CPTSD, such as self-compassion, is an important first step in its treatment that can inform consideration of which problems are most salient and what interventions are most relevant. AIMS: We set out to investigate the association between self-compassion and the two factors of CPTSD: the PTSD factor (re-experiencing, avoidance, sense of threat) and the Disturbances in Self-Organization (DSO) factor (affect dysregulation, negative self-concept and disturbances in relationships)...
October 2, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Noah Lorenz, Eva Heim, Alexander Roetger, Eva Birrer, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Insomnia has become a major public health concern. AIMS: The study examined the efficacy of a web-based unguided self-help programme with automated feedback. The programme was based on cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). The investigation particularly focused on factors that contribute to the maintenance of insomnia and tested whether treatment effects were stable over a period of 12 months. METHOD: Fifty-six participants were randomly assigned either to web-based CBT-I or to the waiting-list control group...
September 6, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Nichole Fairbrother, Ronald G Barr, Mandy Chen, Shivraj Riar, Erica Miller, Rollin Brant, Annie Ma
BACKGROUND: Unwanted intrusive thoughts of intentionally harming one's infant (intrusive harm thoughts) are common distressing experiences among postpartum mothers and fathers. AIM: To understand infant crying as a stimulus for intrusive harm thoughts and associated emotional responses in prepartum and postpartum mothers and fathers in response to infant cry. METHOD: Following completion of self-report measures of negative mood and anger, prepartum (n = 48) and postpartum (n = 44) samples of mother and father pairs completed 10 minutes of listening to audio-recorded infant crying...
August 29, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
John Burke, Derek Richards, Ladislav Timulak
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are a highly prevalent cause of impairment globally with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) sharing many features with other anxiety disorders. AIMS: The present study investigated the helpful and hindering events and impacts for individuals with generalized anxiety who engaged with a supported 6-week online intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT). METHOD: Participants (n = 36) completed the Helpful and Hindering Aspects of Therapy (HAT) for each session...
August 28, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
R Shafran, A Gyani, J Rostron, S Allen, P Myles-Hooton, H Allcott-Watson, S Rose
BACKGROUND: Most people with common mental health problems do not seek evidence-based psychological interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether monitoring symptoms of depression and anxiety using an app increased treatment-seeking. METHOD: Three hundred and six people with significant levels of anxiety and depression, none of whom were currently receiving treatment, were randomly allocated to receive either (a) information about local psychological services only, (b) information plus regular symptom monitoring (every 6 days), or (c) information plus open symptom monitoring (monitoring when they felt like it)...
August 23, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Bikem Haciomeroglu, Mujgan Inozu
BACKGROUND: Reassurance seeking in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a kind of neutralization behaviour that causes considerable interpersonal conflicts. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to conduct the adaptation of the Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire (ReSQ; Kobori and Salkovskis, 2013) into the Turkish language, and to examine its psychometric properties. Moreover, we aimed to identify the specificity of reassurance seeking to OCD, as opposed to other anxiety disorders and depression...
August 22, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Melissa M Norberg, Amie R Newins, Yan Jiang, Jianqiu Xu, Eduard Forcadell, Cristina Alberich, Brett J Deacon
BACKGROUND: While exposure therapy effectively reduces anxiety associated with specific phobias, not all individuals respond to treatment and some will experience a return of fear after treatment ceases. AIMS: This study aimed to test the potential benefit of increasing the intensity of exposure therapy by adding an extra step that challenged uncontrollability (Step 15: allowing a spider to walk freely over one's body) to the standard fear hierarchy. METHOD: Fifty-one participants who had a severe fear of spiders completed two 60-min exposure sessions 1 week apart in a context that was either the same or different from the baseline and follow-up assessment context...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Susie A Hales, Martina Di Simplicio, Lalitha Iyadurai, Simon E Blackwell, Kerry Young, Christopher G Fairburn, John R Geddes, Guy M Goodwin, Emily A Holmes
BACKGROUND: Despite the global impact of bipolar disorder (BD), treatment success is limited. Challenges include syndromal and subsyndromal mood instability, comorbid anxiety, and uncertainty around mechanisms to target. The Oxford Mood Action Psychology Programme (OxMAPP) offered a novel approach within a cognitive behavioural framework, via mental imagery-focused cognitive therapy (ImCT). AIMS: This clinical audit evaluated referral rates, clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction with the OxMAPP service...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Annika Norell-Clarke, Maria Tillfors, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Fredrik Holländare, Ingemar Engström
BACKGROUND: Recent treatment studies with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) have demonstrated effects on both sleep problems and depression. Two previous studies have indicated that the beneficial effect from CBT-I on depression may come through improved sleep, although insomnia severity during treatment had not previously been investigated as a mediator. AIMS: Our aim was to investigate if insomnia severity during treatment mediated between CBT-I and depression severity after treatment, in a sample with co-morbid insomnia and depressive symptomology...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Orla McDevitt-Petrovic, Karen Kirby, Orla McBride, Mark Shevlin, Donal McAteer, Colin Gorman, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mental health difficulties in Northern Ireland (NI) is significantly higher than in England. In recent years, there have been extensive consultations, and subsequent recommendations made in NI in an effort to address this. AIMS: The current study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an 'Improving Access to Psychological Therapies' (IAPT) stepped care service model using low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) in primary and community care settings...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Bethany M Wootton, Alexandra Hunn, Annabelle Moody, Bethany R Lusk, Valerie A Ranson, Kim L Felmingham
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and chronic mental health condition. Given the significant prevalence and impairment caused by SAD, it is important to investigate novel ways to improve the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for SAD. One approach may be to provide CBT in an accelerated fashion, which involves multiple sessions per week. Such accelerated treatments have been shown to be effective in other anxiety disorders, but in SAD this accelerated treatment has only been studied in a group treatment format...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Bryony Sheaves, Louise Isham, Jonathan Bradley, Colin Espie, Alvaro Barrera, Felicity Waite, Allison G Harvey, Caroline Attard, Daniel Freeman
BACKGROUND: Almost all patients admitted at acute crisis to a psychiatric ward experience clinically significant symptoms of insomnia. Ward environments pose challenges to both sleep and the delivery of therapy. Despite this, there is no description of how to adapt cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for insomnia to overcome these challenges. AIMS: (i) To describe the key insomnia presentations observed in the Oxford Ward Sleep Solution (OWLS) trial and (ii) outline key adaptations aimed to increase accessibility and hence effectiveness of CBT for insomnia for a ward setting...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
S K Sadri, P M McEvoy, S J Egan, R T Kane, C S Rees, A Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). AIMS: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information...
November 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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