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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117877/post-traumatic-symptomatology-and-compulsions-as-potential-mediators-of-the-relation-between-child-sexual-abuse-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#1
Simon McCarthy-Jones
BACKGROUND: Whilst evidence is mounting that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can be a cause of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), it is unclear what factors mediate this relation. Recent evidence suggests that post-traumatic symptomatology may mediate the CSA-AVH relation in clinical populations, although this hypothesis has not yet been tested in the general population. There is also reason to believe that obsessive ideation could mediate the CSA-AVH relation. AIMS: To test for evidence to falsify the hypotheses that post-traumatic symptomatology, obsessions, compulsions, anxiety and depression mediate the relation between CSA and AVH in a general population sample...
November 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094663/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-competency-pilot-data-from-a-comparison-of-multiple-perspectives
#2
David C Rozek, Jamie L Serrano, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli S Scott, L Brian Hickman, Brittany M Brothers, Cara C Lewis, Anne D Simons
BACKGROUND: Measurement of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) competency is often resource intensive. A popular emerging alternative to independent observers' ratings is using other perspectives for rating competency. AIMS: This pilot study compared ratings of CBT competency from four perspectives - patient, therapist, supervisor and independent observer using the Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS). METHOD: Patients (n = 12, 75% female, mean age 30...
November 2, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081332/expectancy-effects-in-self-help-depression-treatment-first-evidence-that-the-rationale-given-for-an-online-study-impacts-the-outcome
#3
Barbara Cludius, Johanna Schröder, Steffen Moritz
BACKGROUND: Positive expectations play an important role in effective treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD). The way a study is contextualized modulates prognostic expectations. AIMS: The aim of the study was to test the effect of differing information regarding the rationale given to participants for a study on depression symptoms. METHOD: Sixty-nine participants with depression symptoms participated in an online study with two conditions...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081329/treating-sleep-problems-in-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-feasibility-case-series
#4
Jonathan Bradley, Daniel Freeman, Eleanor Chadwick, Allison G Harvey, Bradley Mullins, Louise Johns, Bryony Sheaves, Belinda Lennox, Matthew Broome, Felicity Waite
BACKGROUND: Our view is that sleep disturbance may be a contributory causal factor in the development and maintenance of psychotic experiences. A recent series of randomized controlled intervention studies has shown that cognitive-behavioural approaches can improve sleep in people with psychotic experiences. However, the effects of psychological intervention for improving sleep have not been evaluated in young people at ultra-high risk of psychosis. Improving sleep might prevent later transition to a mental health disorder...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081328/experiences-of-improving-access-to-psychological-therapy-services-for-perinatal-mental-health-difficulties-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-therapists-views
#5
Lottie Millett, Billie Lever Taylor, Louise M Howard, Debra Bick, Nicky Stanley, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental health difficulties are highly prevalent. In England, the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) programme provides evidence-based psychological treatment, predominantly in the form of brief manualized cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), to people with mild to moderate depression or anxiety. Yet little is known about the experiences of women referred to IAPT with perinatal mental health difficulties. AIMS: The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how women view IAPT support for perinatal mental health...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081326/treatment-of-storm-fears-using-virtual-reality-and-progressive-muscle-relaxation
#6
Jessica Lima, Hanna McCabe-Bennett, Martin M Antony
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the efficacy of virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for treating individuals with storm fears by comparing a one-session VR exposure treatment with a one-session progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and psychoeducation session. AIMS: It was predicted that there would be a reduction in storm-related fear post-treatment for individuals in both conditions, but that this reduction would be greater for those in the VR exposure condition...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990543/reasons-for-treatment-non-response-a-controlled-study-of-patients-views-in-pain-rehabilitation
#7
A D Vittersø, E Keogh, J Gauntlett-Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Understanding successful and unsuccessful behavioural treatment for pain is essential. AIMS: We carried out a retrospective survey of 130 people who had undergone pain rehabilitation based on acceptance and commitment therapy, aiming to identify factors associated with non-response. METHOD: The sample was selected using the reliable change index to define 'responders' and 'non-responders' to key outcome measures. We surveyed a range of treatment-related, systemic, practical and personal factors that may have affected their treatment, and then compared 'non-responders' with 'responders', controlling for factors that might not be causal or specific to non-response...
October 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988549/low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-based-music-group-cbt-music-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-a-feasibility-study
#8
Chris Trimmer, Richard Tyo, Jennifer Pikard, Claire McKenna, Farooq Naeem
BACKGROUND: Music has the potential to be an effective and engaging therapeutic intervention in the treatment of mental illness. This research area remains underdeveloped. AIMS: This paper reports the feasibility of an innovative low-intensity CBT-based music (CBT-Music) group targeted to symptoms of depression and anxiety. METHOD: A total of 28 participants with symptoms of depression and anxiety who were attending community mental health services were recruited for the study and randomized into TAU (treatment as usual) plus low-intensity CBT-Music (treatment) or to TAU alone (control)...
October 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988546/the-impact-of-health-anxiety-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-replication-and-treatment-case-series
#9
Neil Carrigan, Leon Dysch, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is commonly associated with psychological complications. Previous research by Hayter and colleagues (2016) found that in patients with MS, health anxiety (HA) can account for part of the variance in quality of life (QoL) independent of physical and cognitive impairment caused by the disease. MS patients with HA perceived their intact physical and cognitive performance as impaired relative to those without HA and attributed the impairment to MS. These misperceptions might be useful targets in the treatment of HA in MS using cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)...
October 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978366/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-individuals-receiving-a-primary-care-psychological-intervention
#10
Katharine A Rimes, Matthew Broadbent, Rachel Holden, Qazi Rahman, David Hambrook, Stephani L Hatch, Janet Wingrove
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals experience more anxiety and depression than heterosexual people. Little is known about their comparative treatment response to psychological interventions. AIMS: To compare sociodemographic/clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes across sexual orientation groups, for adults receiving primary care psychological interventions from Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services in London, adjusting for possible confounders...
October 5, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903793/how-supervisees-on-a-foundation-course-in-cbt-perceive-a-supervision-session-and-what-they-bring-forward-to-the-next-therapy-session
#11
Anna Törnquist, Sarah Rakovshik, Jan Carlsson, Joakim Norberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited research into the effect of supervision in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) from the supervisees' perspective. AIMS: The aim of the study was to acquire knowledge from the supervisees' perspective as to what in particular in the supervision process contributes to the therapy process. METHOD: Fourteen supervisees on a foundation course participated in the study. A qualitative approach was used with thematic analysis of the participants' written diaries after supervision and therapy sessions...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903792/the-relationship-between-competence-and-patient-outcome-with-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-interventions
#12
Amanda Branson, Pamela Myles, Mishka Mahdi, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcomes of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Furthermore, the evidence is yet to extend to competence in the delivery of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. Understanding this relationship is essential to the dissemination and implementation of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Psychological Well-being Practitioner (PWP) competence and patient outcome within the framework of the British government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903790/virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dental-phobia-a-controlled-feasibility-study
#13
Kumar Raghav Gujjar, Arjen van Wijk, Ratika Sharma, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been used to treat a variety of fears and phobias. AIM: To determine the feasibility (i.e. safety and efficacy) of using VRET to treat dental phobia. METHOD: Safety was evaluated by determining any adverse events or symptom exacerbation. Efficacy of VRET was evaluated by comparing the reduction in dental anxiety scores (measured 16 times within a 14-week study period, and at 6-month follow-up), and its behavioural effects with that of an informational pamphlet (IP) on ten randomized patients with dental phobia using a controlled multiple baseline design...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903787/a-preliminary-investigation-of-metacognitive-therapy-and-habit-reversal-as-a-treatment-for-trichotillomania
#14
Hossein Shareh
BACKGROUND: Not all patients suffering from trichotillomania (TTM) recover completely using CBT and of those that do, only a few maintain their recovery over time. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of metacognitive methods combined with habit reversal (MCT/HRT) in trichotillomania with a relatively long-term follow-up. METHOD: A case series (n = 8) and a randomized wait-list controlled trial (n = 34) design were conducted in this study...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849755/is-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-focusing-on-depression-and-anxiety-effective-for-people-with-long-term-physical-health-conditions-a-controlled-trial-in-the-context-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Abigail L Wroe, Edward W Rennie, S Sollesse, J Chapman, A Hassy
BACKGROUND: It is unclear as to the extent to which psychological interventions focusing specifically on depression and anxiety are helpful for people with physical health conditions, with respect to mood and condition management. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified evidence-based psychological intervention focusing on depression and anxiety for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), compared with a control intervention. METHOD: Clients (n = 140) who experienced mild to moderate depression and/or anxiety and had a diagnosis of T2DM were allocated to either diabetes specific treatment condition (n = 52) or standard intervention (control condition, n = 63), which were run in parallel...
August 29, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838330/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-corrigendum
#16
K Cooper, J D Gregory, I Walker, S Lambe, P M Salkovskis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#17
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592342/treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-excessive-reassurance-seeking-in-an-older-adult-a-single-case-quasi-experimental-design
#18
Brynjar Halldorsson, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural interventions for excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) typically focus on encouraging individuals to refrain from seeking any reassurance and in some cases banning caregivers (e.g. family members) from providing it. However, this blanket consideration that reassurance is a bad thing that should simply be stopped may not always be appropriate or helpful. Cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) targeting ERS by helping the sufferer to shift from seeking reassurance to seeking support may be a promising treatment intervention...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528592/client-perceptions-of-helpfulness-in-therapy-a-novel-video-rating-methodology-for-examining-process-variables-at-brief-intervals-during-a-single-session
#19
Alexandra A Cocklin, Warren Mansell, Richard Emsley, Phil McEvoy, Chloe Preston, Jody Comiskey, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: The value of clients' reports of their experiences in therapy is widely recognized, yet quantitative methodology has rarely been used to measure clients' self-reported perceptions of what is helpful over a single session. AIMS: A video-rating method using was developed to gather data at brief intervals using process measures of client perceived experience and standardized measures of working alliance (Session Rating Scale; SRS). Data were collected over the course of a single video-recorded session of cognitive therapy (Method of Levels Therapy; Carey, 2006; Mansell et al...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511729/juicy-conceptualizations-increasing-alliance-through-attending-to-client-metaphoric-language
#20
Fiona Mathieson, Jennifer Jordan, Paul Merrick, Maria Stubbe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the use of metaphor in cognitive behaviour therapy. Experts advocate bringing client metaphors into case conceptualizations, but there is little empirical research to support this. AIMS: This study evaluated the effect of training 12 therapists to attend to client metaphors and bring them into case conceptualizations. METHOD: Pre- and post-training role-played therapy sessions were conducted and video-recorded...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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