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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903793/how-supervisees-on-a-foundation-course-in-cbt-perceive-a-supervision-session-and-what-they-bring-forward-to-the-next-therapy-session
#1
Anna Törnquist, Sarah Rakovshik, Jan Carlsson, Joakim Norberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited research into the effect of supervision in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) from the supervisees' perspective. AIMS: The aim of the study was to acquire knowledge from the supervisees' perspective as to what in particular in the supervision process contributes to the therapy process. METHOD: Fourteen supervisees on a foundation course participated in the study. A qualitative approach was used with thematic analysis of the participants' written diaries after supervision and therapy sessions...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903792/the-relationship-between-competence-and-patient-outcome-with-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-interventions
#2
Amanda Branson, Pamela Myles, Mishka Mahdi, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcomes of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Furthermore, the evidence is yet to extend to competence in the delivery of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. Understanding this relationship is essential to the dissemination and implementation of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Psychological Well-being Practitioner (PWP) competence and patient outcome within the framework of the British government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903790/virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dental-phobia-a-controlled-feasibility-study
#3
Kumar Raghav Gujjar, Arjen van Wijk, Ratika Sharma, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been used to treat a variety of fears and phobias. AIM: To determine the feasibility (i.e. safety and efficacy) of using VRET to treat dental phobia. METHOD: Safety was evaluated by determining any adverse events or symptom exacerbation. Efficacy of VRET was evaluated by comparing the reduction in dental anxiety scores (measured 16 times within a 14-week study period, and at 6-month follow-up), and its behavioural effects with that of an informational pamphlet (IP) on ten randomized patients with dental phobia using a controlled multiple baseline design...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903787/a-preliminary-investigation-of-metacognitive-therapy-and-habit-reversal-as-a-treatment-for-trichotillomania
#4
Hossein Shareh
BACKGROUND: Not all patients suffering from trichotillomania (TTM) recover completely using CBT and of those that do, only a few maintain their recovery over time. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of metacognitive methods combined with habit reversal (MCT/HRT) in trichotillomania with a relatively long-term follow-up. METHOD: A case series (n = 8) and a randomized wait-list controlled trial (n = 34) design were conducted in this study...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849755/is-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-focusing-on-depression-and-anxiety-effective-for-people-with-long-term-physical-health-conditions-a-controlled-trial-in-the-context-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Abigail L Wroe, Edward W Rennie, S Sollesse, J Chapman, A Hassy
BACKGROUND: It is unclear as to the extent to which psychological interventions focusing specifically on depression and anxiety are helpful for people with physical health conditions, with respect to mood and condition management. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified evidence-based psychological intervention focusing on depression and anxiety for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), compared with a control intervention. METHOD: Clients (n = 140) who experienced mild to moderate depression and/or anxiety and had a diagnosis of T2DM were allocated to either diabetes specific treatment condition (n = 52) or standard intervention (control condition, n = 63), which were run in parallel...
August 29, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838330/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-corrigendum
#6
K Cooper, J D Gregory, I Walker, S Lambe, P M Salkovskis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756794/psychometric-properties-of-the-worry-behaviors-inventory-replication-and-extension-in-a-large-clinical-and-community-sample
#7
Alison E J Mahoney, Megan J Hobbs, Jill M Newby, Alishia D Williams, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: The use of maladaptive behaviors by individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is theoretically important and clinically meaningful. However, little is known about the specificity of avoidant behaviors to GAD and how these behaviors can be reliably assessed. AIMS: This study replicated and extended the psychometric evaluation of the Worry Behaviors Inventory (WBI), a brief self-report measure of avoidant behaviors associated with GAD. METHOD: The WBI was administered to a hospital-based sample of adults seeking treatment for symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (n = 639) and to a community sample (n = 55)...
July 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756787/brief-behavioural-activation-brief-ba-for-adolescent-depression-a-pilot-study
#8
Laura Pass, Carl W Lejuez, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescence is a common and serious mental health problem. In the UK, access to evidence-based psychological treatments is limited, and training and employing therapists to deliver these is expensive. Brief behavioural activation for the treatment of depression (BATD) has great potential for use with adolescents and to be delivered by a range of healthcare professionals, but there is limited empirical investigation with this group. AIMS: To adapt BATD for depressed adolescents (Brief BA) and conduct a pilot study to assess feasibility, acceptability and clinical effectiveness...
July 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756781/self-complexity-and-perceived-self-aspect-control-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Kerrie Channer, Laura Jobson
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder often brings about profound, lasting, structural changes to one's sense of self. AIMS: This study investigated self-complexity and self-aspect control in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: Trauma survivors with (n = 103) and without (n = 102) PTSD completed an online questionnaire which involved the completion of a self-complexity task and measures of PTSD. RESULTS: It was found that those with PTSD had significantly greater overall self-complexity than those without PTSD...
July 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669360/predictors-of-treatment-discontinuation-during-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd
#10
Daniel F Gros, Nicholas P Allan, Cynthia L Lancaster, Derek D Szafranski, Ron Acierno
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent and impairing condition for which there are several evidence-based psychotherapies. However, a significant proportion of patients fail to complete a 'sufficient dose' of psychotherapy, potentially limiting treatment gains. AIMS: The present study investigated predictors of premature treatment discontinuation during a trial of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for PTSD. METHOD: Combat veterans with PTSD were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial of PE delivered in person or via telehealth technologies...
July 3, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651663/brief-coping-strategy-enhancement-for-distressing-voices-an-evaluation-in-routine-clinical-practice
#11
Mark Hayward, Rebecca Edgecumbe, Anna-Marie Jones, Clio Berry, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Hearing voices can be a common and distressing experience. Psychological treatment in the form of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) is effective, but is rarely available to patients. The barriers to increasing access include a lack of time for clinicians to deliver therapy. Emerging evidence suggests that CBTp delivered in brief forms can be effective and offer one solution to increasing access. AIMS: We adapted an existing form of CBTp, coping strategy enhancement (CSE), to focus specifically on distressing voices in a brief format...
June 27, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401826/establishing-theoretical-stability-and-treatment-integrity-for-motivational-interviewing
#12
Cathy Atkinson, Kevin Woods
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence claiming the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) in promoting behavioural change. However, ongoing changes to MI theory and practice have implications for its transferability, accessibility and for the validity of previous findings. Lack of practice consistency may make its effectiveness difficult to evaluate. AIMS: This paper explores the complexity of MI and issues in the development of evidence-based practice in delivery, before describing issues related to practitioner application...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390450/a-complex-interplay-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-in-addison-s-disease-to-reduce-emergency-department-admissions
#13
Jo Daniels, Elizabeth Sheils
BACKGROUND: Addison's disease (AD) is a rare chronic illness caused by adrenocortical insufficiency. Due to the pivotal role of the regulating hormone cortisol in AD, there is a common symptom overlap between the presentation of anxiety and adrenal crisis. Previous literature has identified the prevalence of anxiety in endocrinological disorders, however there is a paucity of research examining the complex interplay between AD and anxiety. AIMS: This paper describes a single case study of a patient with severe health anxiety and co-morbid AD...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347380/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy-a-descriptive-review-2000-to-july-2016
#14
Isabel Caro Gabalda
BACKGROUND: The Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy (BCP) Journal is the main academic publication of the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies. It publishes empirical studies, reviews and theoretical papers, brief reports and single cases. AIM: To describe the main areas of interest and focus in BCP papers. METHOD: All the papers published in BCP from 2000 to July 2016 were analysed. A categorization procedure was followed with 813 contributions in six main areas: main author country; main author gender; kind of contribution; kind of therapeutic approaches; kind of samples; kind of focus/topic...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260554/social-anxiety-and-fear-of-causing-discomfort-to-others-diagnostic-specificity-symptom-correlates-and-cbt-treatment-outcome
#15
Yasunori Nishikawa, Judith M Laposa, Rotem Regev, Neil A Rector
BACKGROUND: Patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) report fear content relating to the perceived aversive consequences of their anxiety for others in their social environment. However, no studies to date have examined the diagnostic specificity of these fears to SAD as well as predictors to treatment response of these fears. AIMS: To examine relative specificity of fears related to causing discomfort to others, as measured by Social Anxiety-Fear of Causing Discomfort to Others (SA-DOS), among patients with anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), in addition to relation between dysfunctional attitudes and treatment response among patients with SAD...
July 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637525/eye-tracking-evidence-of-a-maintenance-bias-in-social-anxiety
#16
Catarina Fernandes, Susana Silva, Joana Pires, Alexandra Reis, Antónia Jimenez Ros, Luís Janeiro, Luís Faísca, Ana Teresa Martins
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms and triggers of the attentional bias in social anxiety are not yet fully determined, and the modulating role of personality traits is being increasingly acknowledged. AIMS: Our main purpose was to test whether social anxiety is associated with mechanisms of hypervigilance, avoidance (static biases), vigilance-avoidance or the maintenance of attention (dynamic biases). Our secondary goal was to explore the role of personality structure in shaping the attention bias...
June 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625205/why-suicide-the-analysis-of-motives-for-self-harm
#17
Mohammed J Abbas, Mostafa A Mohanna, Tarig A Diab, Millicent Chikoore, Michael Wang
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in understanding the meaning and motives behind suicidal behaviour. Using the Ideal Type methodology, Jean Baechler systematically examined the internal logic of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. He developed a typology of eleven typical meanings/motives: Flight, Grief, Self-punishment, Vengeance, Crime, Blackmail, Appeal, Sacrifice, Transfiguration, Ordeal and Game. AIMS: To develop and validate a standardized instrument to measure the motives/meanings of suicidal and self-harming behaviours, using Baechler's typology...
June 19, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625196/the-effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt-e-a-naturalistic-study-within-an-out-patient-eating-disorder-service
#18
Rachel Signorini, Jeanie Sheffield, Natalie Rhodes, Carmel Fleming, Warren Ward
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioural Therapy (CBT-E) for adults with a range of eating disorder presentations within routine clinical settings has been examined in only two known published studies, neither of which included a follow-up assessment period. AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CBT-E within an out-patient eating disorder service in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, and incorporated a follow-up assessment period of approximately 20 weeks post-treatment...
June 19, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595666/a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-maladaptive-perfectionism-in-students-a-pilot-study
#19
Fernán G Arana, Mariana C Miracco, Marina S Galarregui, Eduardo G Keegan
BACKGROUND: Researchers focused on developing therapeutic strategies for perfectionism given its well-established link to the onset and maintenance of several mental disorders. Meta-analytical findings provided support for the efficacy of cognitive behavioural (CB) approaches. However, most studies have focused on the efficacy of interventions, without analysing their efficiency. AIMS: To explore the feasibility of a brief (five weekly sessions) CB group intervention focused on reducing perfectionistic concerns in Argentine students...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#20
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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