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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338802/separating-common-from-unique-variance-within-emotional-distress-an-examination-of-reliability-and-relations-to-worry
#1
Andrew J Marshall, Emma K Evanovich, Sarah Jo David, Gregory H Mumma
BACKGROUND: High comorbidity rates among emotional disorders have led researchers to examine transdiagnostic factors that may contribute to shared psychopathology. Bifactor models provide a unique method for examining transdiagnostic variables by modelling the common and unique factors within measures. Previous findings suggest that the bifactor model of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) may provide a method for examining transdiagnostic factors within emotional disorders...
January 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338800/a-preliminary-investigation-of-pathways-to-inflated-responsibility-beliefs-in-children-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
Lindsey M Collins, Meredith E Coles
BACKGROUND: Cognitive theorists posit that inflated responsibility beliefs contribute to the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Salkovskis et al. (1999) proposed that experiencing heightened responsibility, overprotective parents and rigid rules, and thinking one influenced or caused a negative life event act as 'pathways' to the development of inflated responsibility beliefs, thereby increasing risk for OCD. Studies in adults with OCD and non-clinical adolescents support the link between these experiences and responsibility beliefs (Coles et al...
January 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212570/-teaching-me-to-parent-myself-the-feasibility-of-an-in-patient-group-schema-therapy-programme-for-complex-trauma
#3
Rita Younan, Joan Farrell, Tamara May
BACKGROUND: Group schema therapy is an emerging treatment for personality and other psychiatric disorders. It may be particularly suited to individuals with complex trauma given that early abuse is likely to create maladaptive schemas. AIMS: This pilot study explored the feasibility and effectiveness of a 4-week in-patient group schema therapy programme for adults with complex trauma in a psychiatric hospital setting. METHOD: Thirty-six participants with complex trauma syndrome participated in this open trial...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183406/coping-strategies-in-mothers-of-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-showing-multiple-forms-of-challenging-behaviour-associations-with-maternal-mental-health
#4
D Adams, J Rose, N Jackson, E Karakatsani, C Oliver
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities experience elevated mental health difficulties and that these are exacerbated by the presence of challenging behaviour. However, comparatively little is known about the effect of specific coping strategies for managing such behaviours. AIMS: This paper aims to document coping strategies used by mothers of children showing multiple forms of challenging behaviour and to explore how these relate to positive and negative maternal mental health...
November 29, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173211/associations-between-trauma-dissociation-adult-attachment-and-proneness-to-hallucinations
#5
Katherine Berry, Paul Fleming, Samantha Wong, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity, dissociation and adult attachment have all been implicated in the development of hallucinations or 'voice-hearing'. Testing psychological models in relation to subclinical phenomena, such as proneness to hallucinations in non-clinical samples, provides a convenient methodology to develop understanding of the processes and mechanisms underlying clinical symptoms. AIMS: This paper investigates the relative contribution of childhood adversity, dissociation and adult attachment in explaining hallucination proneness in a non-clinical sample...
November 27, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117877/post-traumatic-symptomatology-and-compulsions-as-potential-mediators-of-the-relation-between-child-sexual-abuse-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#6
Simon McCarthy-Jones
BACKGROUND: Whilst evidence is mounting that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can be a cause of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), it is unclear what factors mediate this relation. Recent evidence suggests that post-traumatic symptomatology may mediate the CSA-AVH relation in clinical populations, although this hypothesis has not yet been tested in the general population. There is also reason to believe that obsessive ideation could mediate the CSA-AVH relation. AIMS: To test for evidence to falsify the hypotheses that post-traumatic symptomatology, obsessions, compulsions, anxiety and depression mediate the relation between CSA and AVH in a general population sample...
November 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094663/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-competency-pilot-data-from-a-comparison-of-multiple-perspectives
#7
David C Rozek, Jamie L Serrano, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli S Scott, L Brian Hickman, Brittany M Brothers, Cara C Lewis, Anne D Simons
BACKGROUND: Measurement of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) competency is often resource intensive. A popular emerging alternative to independent observers' ratings is using other perspectives for rating competency. AIMS: This pilot study compared ratings of CBT competency from four perspectives - patient, therapist, supervisor and independent observer using the Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS). METHOD: Patients (n = 12, 75% female, mean age 30...
November 2, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081332/expectancy-effects-in-self-help-depression-treatment-first-evidence-that-the-rationale-given-for-an-online-study-impacts-the-outcome
#8
Barbara Cludius, Johanna Schröder, Steffen Moritz
BACKGROUND: Positive expectations play an important role in effective treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD). The way a study is contextualized modulates prognostic expectations. AIMS: The aim of the study was to test the effect of differing information regarding the rationale given to participants for a study on depression symptoms. METHOD: Sixty-nine participants with depression symptoms participated in an online study with two conditions...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081329/treating-sleep-problems-in-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-feasibility-case-series
#9
Jonathan Bradley, Daniel Freeman, Eleanor Chadwick, Allison G Harvey, Bradley Mullins, Louise Johns, Bryony Sheaves, Belinda Lennox, Matthew Broome, Felicity Waite
BACKGROUND: Our view is that sleep disturbance may be a contributory causal factor in the development and maintenance of psychotic experiences. A recent series of randomized controlled intervention studies has shown that cognitive-behavioural approaches can improve sleep in people with psychotic experiences. However, the effects of psychological intervention for improving sleep have not been evaluated in young people at ultra-high risk of psychosis. Improving sleep might prevent later transition to a mental health disorder...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081328/experiences-of-improving-access-to-psychological-therapy-services-for-perinatal-mental-health-difficulties-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-therapists-views
#10
Lottie Millett, Billie Lever Taylor, Louise M Howard, Debra Bick, Nicky Stanley, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental health difficulties are highly prevalent. In England, the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) programme provides evidence-based psychological treatment, predominantly in the form of brief manualized cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), to people with mild to moderate depression or anxiety. Yet little is known about the experiences of women referred to IAPT with perinatal mental health difficulties. AIMS: The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how women view IAPT support for perinatal mental health...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081326/treatment-of-storm-fears-using-virtual-reality-and-progressive-muscle-relaxation
#11
Jessica Lima, Hanna McCabe-Bennett, Martin M Antony
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the efficacy of virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for treating individuals with storm fears by comparing a one-session VR exposure treatment with a one-session progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and psychoeducation session. AIMS: It was predicted that there would be a reduction in storm-related fear post-treatment for individuals in both conditions, but that this reduction would be greater for those in the VR exposure condition...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593830/the-development-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-negative-beliefs-about-post-event-processing-scale
#12
Hayley Rodriguez, Kellie Kissell, Lloyd Lucas, Brian Fisak
BACKGROUND: Although negative beliefs have been found to be associated with worry symptoms and depressive rumination, negative beliefs have yet to be examined in relation to post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Negative Beliefs about Post-Event Processing Questionnaire (NB-PEPQ). METHOD: A large, non-referred undergraduate sample completed the NB-PEPQ along with validation measures, including a measure of post-event processing and social anxiety symptoms...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592342/treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-excessive-reassurance-seeking-in-an-older-adult-a-single-case-quasi-experimental-design
#13
Brynjar Halldorsson, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural interventions for excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) typically focus on encouraging individuals to refrain from seeking any reassurance and in some cases banning caregivers (e.g. family members) from providing it. However, this blanket consideration that reassurance is a bad thing that should simply be stopped may not always be appropriate or helpful. Cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) targeting ERS by helping the sufferer to shift from seeking reassurance to seeking support may be a promising treatment intervention...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528592/client-perceptions-of-helpfulness-in-therapy-a-novel-video-rating-methodology-for-examining-process-variables-at-brief-intervals-during-a-single-session
#14
Alexandra A Cocklin, Warren Mansell, Richard Emsley, Phil McEvoy, Chloe Preston, Jody Comiskey, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: The value of clients' reports of their experiences in therapy is widely recognized, yet quantitative methodology has rarely been used to measure clients' self-reported perceptions of what is helpful over a single session. AIMS: A video-rating method using was developed to gather data at brief intervals using process measures of client perceived experience and standardized measures of working alliance (Session Rating Scale; SRS). Data were collected over the course of a single video-recorded session of cognitive therapy (Method of Levels Therapy; Carey, 2006; Mansell et al...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511729/juicy-conceptualizations-increasing-alliance-through-attending-to-client-metaphoric-language
#15
Fiona Mathieson, Jennifer Jordan, Paul Merrick, Maria Stubbe
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the use of metaphor in cognitive behaviour therapy. Experts advocate bringing client metaphors into case conceptualizations, but there is little empirical research to support this. AIMS: This study evaluated the effect of training 12 therapists to attend to client metaphors and bring them into case conceptualizations. METHOD: Pre- and post-training role-played therapy sessions were conducted and video-recorded...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488561/an-integrative-cognitive-model-of-internalized-stigma-in-psychosis
#16
Lisa Wood, Rory Byrne, Anthony P Morrison
BACKGROUND: Internalized stigma is a significant difficulty for those who experience psychosis, but it has never been conceptualized using cognitive theory. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to outline a cognitive model conceptualizing internalized stigma experienced by people who also experience psychosis. METHOD: Previous literature is reviewed, critiqued and synthesized to develop the model. It draws upon previous social cognitive models of internalized stigma and integrates cognitive behavioural theory and social mentality theory...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478787/development-and-validation-of-the-negative-attitudes-towards-cbt-scale
#17
Zachary J Parker, Glenn Waller
BACKGROUND: Clinicians commonly fail to use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) adequately, but the reasons for such omissions are not well understood. AIMS: The objective of this study was to create and validate a measure to assess clinicians' attitudes towards CBT - the Negative Attitudes towards CBT Scale (NACS). METHOD: The participants were 204 clinicians from various mental healthcare fields. Each completed the NACS, measures of anxiety and self-esteem, and a measure of therapists' use of CBT and non-CBT techniques and their confidence in using those techniques...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436349/distress-psychotic-symptom-exacerbation-and-relief-in-reaction-to-talking-about-trauma-in-the-context-of-beneficial-trauma-therapy-perspectives-from-young-people-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-first-episode-psychosis
#18
Janet Tong, Katrina Simpson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall
BACKGROUND: Of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP), over half report exposure to childhood trauma and consequent co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms. Currently no evidence-based interventions exist for PTSD in FEP. Clinicians report concerns that trauma-focused interventions with young people with FEP could result in distress and symptom exacerbation. Scant research suggests that talking about trauma in therapy can be distressing for some people. AIMS: To explore young people's reactions to a trauma-focused treatment for PTSD in FEP...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347384/an-empirical-assessment-of-rebt-models-of-psychopathology-and-psychological-health-in-the-prediction-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms
#19
Horea-Radu Oltean, Philip Hyland, Frédérique Vallières, Daniel Ovidiu David
AIMS: This study aimed to assess the validity of two models which integrate the cognitive (satisfaction with life) and affective (symptoms of anxiety and depression) aspects of subjective well-being within the framework of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) theory; specifically REBT's theory of psychopathology and theory of psychological health. METHOD: 397 Irish and Northern Irish undergraduate students completed measures of rational/irrational beliefs, satisfaction with life, and anxiety/depression symptoms...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219458/adherence-rating-scale-for-cognitive-processing-therapy-cognitive-only-analysis-of-psychometric-properties
#20
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Patricia A Resick, Jana Gutermann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Petra Ludäscher, Julia Herzog, Regina Steil
BACKGROUND: The assessment of therapeutic adherence is essential for accurately interpreting treatment outcomes in psychotherapy research. However, such assessments are often neglected. AIMS: To fill this gap, we aimed to develop and test a scale that assessed therapeutic adherence to Cognitive Processing Therapy - Cognitive Only (CPT), which was adapted for a treatment study targeting patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring borderline personality symptoms...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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