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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219458/adherence-rating-scale-for-cognitive-processing-therapy-cognitive-only-analysis-of-psychometric-properties
#1
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Patricia A Resick, Jana Gutermann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Petra Ludäscher, Julia Herzog, Regina Steil
BACKGROUND: The assessment of therapeutic adherence is essential for accurately interpreting treatment outcomes in psychotherapy research. However, such assessments are often neglected. AIMS: To fill this gap, we aimed to develop and test a scale that assessed therapeutic adherence to Cognitive Processing Therapy - Cognitive Only (CPT), which was adapted for a treatment study targeting patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring borderline personality symptoms...
February 21, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193311/voluntary-and-involuntary-imagery-in-social-anxiety
#2
Sophie R Homer, Catherine Deeprose
BACKGROUND: Negative mental imagery is ubiquitous in cognitive models of social anxiety and in the social anxiety literature. Previous research has shown that it is causal of increased anxiety, lower social performance ratings and lower implicit self-esteem. Despite its prevalence, few studies have investigated this imagery directly. AIMS: This study aimed to provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenology of negative imagery experienced by socially anxious individuals, and to compare recurrent and intrusive images with images deliberately generated by participants during the study...
February 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183374/experiences-of-codeine-use-misuse-and-dependence-application-of-liese-and-franz-s-cognitive-developmental-model-of-substance-abuse
#3
Marie Claire Van Hout, Ian Norman, Eileen Rich, Michael Bergin
BACKGROUND: Misuse of codeine-containing medicines is an emerging public health issue. AIMS: We present the application of Liese and Franz's (1996) cognitive developmental model of substance abuse to the trajectory from legitimate codeine use for pain, towards that of therapeutic and other forms of misuse, and physical and psychological dependence. It illustrates a cognitive behavioural analysis of the experiences of codeine misusers - which 'surfaces' the specific beliefs, thoughts, emotions and behaviours of this group of hidden codeine dependent individuals, who are distinct and unique from other opioid-dependent cohorts...
February 10, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166849/assessing-patient-progress-in-psychological-therapy-through-feedback-in-supervision-the-memos-randomized-controlled-trial-measuring-and-monitoring-clinical-outcomes-in-supervision-memos
#4
Kate M Davidson, Michelle L Rankin, Amelie Begley, Suzanne Lloyd, Sarah J E Barry, Paula McSkimming, Lisa Bell, Carole Allan, Morag Osborne, George Ralston, Geraldine Bienkowski, John Mellor-Clark, Andrew Walker
BACKGROUND: Psychological therapy services are often required to demonstrate their effectiveness and are implementing systematic monitoring of patient progress. A system for measuring patient progress might usefully 'inform supervision' and help patients who are not progressing in therapy. AIMS: To examine if continuous monitoring of patient progress through the supervision process was more effective in improving patient outcomes compared with giving feedback to therapists alone in routine NHS psychological therapy...
February 7, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137336/a-pilot-investigation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-perfectionism-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Shalane K Sadri, Rebecca A Anderson, Peter M McEvoy, Robert T Kane, Sarah J Egan
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is strongly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism (CBT-P) has been found to result in reductions in a range of symptoms in individuals with anxiety disorders, depression and eating disorders. AIM: To pilot-test the efficacy of group CBT for perfectionism in participants with OCD and elevated perfectionism. METHOD: Participants were randomized to receive immediate 8-week group CBT-P (n = 4) or an 8-week waitlist followed by CBT-P (n = 7)...
January 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098051/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-cognitive-behavioural-and-emotional-processing-vulnerability-factors
#6
Samantha K Brooks, Trudie Chalder, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioural models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) suggest that personality factors such as perfectionism and high moral standards may contribute to the development of CFS. AIMS: To investigate cognitive, behavioural and emotional processing risk factors for CFS. METHOD: CFS patients (n = 67) at a UK specialist clinic completed questionnaires about psychological characteristics both currently and retrospectively (6 months pre-CFS onset)...
January 18, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229808/knowledge-of-behavioural-management-principles-amongst-specialist-paediatric-dental-practitioners-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
James Coxon, Marie Therese Hosey, J Tim Newton
BACKGROUND: Paediatric specialist dental practitioners are often faced with the challenge of disruptive behaviour or refusal to comply with treatment. Behaviour management skills are an essential component of their role. However, little is known of the confidence or competence of practitioners in these approaches. AIM: To identify paediatric dentists' knowledge of behavioural management principles as applied to paediatric dentistry. METHOD: Postal questionnaire survey of all specialists in Paediatric Dentistry on the General Dental Council UK register (n = 234), using the Knowledge of Behavioural Principles as Applied to Children Questionnaire (KBPACQ; O'Dell, 1979) adapted for the dental setting...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229807/using-psychoeducation-and-role-induction-to-improve-completion-rates-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#8
Jaime Delgadillo, Martin Groom
BACKGROUND: Pre-treatment role induction interventions have been suggested to potentially enhance attendance and clinical outcomes in psychotherapy. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a programme of three transdiagnostic seminars (TDS) for patients with common mental disorders accessing cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in primary care. TDS included CBT psychoeducation and role induction. METHOD: A random sample of patients (n = 49) participated in TDS followed by CBT (TDS+CBT) and they were compared with matched controls (n = 49) accessing usual CBT...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#9
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229805/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Kate Cooper, James D Gregory, Ian Walker, Sinead Lambe, Paul M Salkovskis
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety (HA), or hypochondriasis, is a psychological problem characterized by a preoccupation with the belief that one is physically unwell. A 2007 Cochrane review (Thomson and Page, 2007) found cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to be an effective intervention for individuals with HA. Similar findings were reported in a recent meta-analysis (Olatunji et al., 2014), which did not employ a systematic search strategy. The current review aimed to investigate the efficacy of CBT for HA, and to update the existing reviews...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692021/effects-of-brief-behavioural-activation-on-approach-and-avoidance-tendencies-in-acute-depression-preliminary-findings
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Farjana Nasrin, Katharine Rimes, Andrea Reinecke, Mike Rinck, Thorsten Barnhofer
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the behavioural activation (BA) treatments for depression unfold their effects, at least partly, through changes in approach and avoidance tendencies. However, as yet, little research has examined the cognitive effects of these interventions. AIMS: This study investigated the impact of a single session of BA on depressive symptomatology, self-reported avoidance, and behavioural approach and avoidance tendencies. METHOD: Forty-six patients with a diagnosis of Major Depression were recruited from primary care psychological therapies services and block randomized to either a single session of behavioural activation (n = 22) or waiting list control (n = 24) delivered by an unblinded therapist...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629570/individuals-long-term-use-of-cognitive-behavioural-skills-to-manage-their-depression-a-qualitative-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lydia R M French, Laura Thomas, John Campbell, Willem Kuyken, Glyn Lewis, Chris Williams, Nicola J Wiles, Katrina M Turner
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) aims to teach people skills to help them self-manage their depression. Trial evidence shows that CBT is an effective treatment for depression and individuals may experience benefits long-term. However, there is little research about individuals' continued use of CBT skills once treatment has finished. AIMS: To explore whether individuals who had attended at least 12 sessions of CBT continued to use and value the CBT skills they had learnt during therapy...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629438/cbt-in-a-caribbean-context-a-controlled-trial-of-anger-management-in-trinidadian-prisons
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gerard Hutchinson, Paul Willner, John Rose, Ian Burke, Tony Bastick
BACKGROUND: Anger causes significant problems in offenders and to date few interventions have been described in the Caribbean region. AIM: To evaluate a package of CBT-based Anger Management Training provided to offenders in prison in Trinidad. METHOD: A controlled clinical trial with 85 participants who participated in a 12-week prison-based group anger management programme, of whom 57 (67%: 16 control, 41 intervention) provided pretrial and posttrial outcome data at Times 1 and 2...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618877/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-narrative-crisis-intervention-for-bereavement-in-primary-healthcare
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ana Sofia Andrade, Margarida Moreira, Mónica Sá, Duarte Pacheco, Vera Almeida, José Carlos Rocha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As there are known risks of retraumatization through bereavement crisis interventions, we tailored a new intervention lowering the degree of direct emotional activation. However, we need some evidence on the effects of depression and psychotraumatic symptoms between 1 and 6 months after a loss. METHOD: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with two groups: control group (n = 18) and experimental group (n = 11) in two assessments (1 and 6 months after loss); both included a semi-structured interview (Socio-Demographic Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory and the Impact of Events Scale-Revised-IES-R)...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585982/beliefs-about-emotions-depression-anxiety-and-fatigue-a-mediational-analysis
#15
Mia Sydenham, Jennifer Beardwood, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Beliefs that it is unacceptable to experience or express negative emotions have been found to be associated with various clinical problems. It is unclear how such beliefs, which could be viewed as a form of unhelpful perfectionism about emotions, may contribute to symptomatology. AIMS: This study investigated two hypotheses: a) greater endorsement of beliefs about the unacceptability of negative emotions will be associated with greater emotional avoidance and lower levels of support-seeking and self-compassion; b) these beliefs about emotions will be associated with higher levels of symptoms of depression, anxiety and fatigue and that this relationship will be mediated by social support-seeking, emotional avoidance and self-compassion...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573409/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-therapists-perspectives
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noor de Klerk, Tineke A Abma, Lotte L M Bamelis, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND: Several studies have evaluated the (cost) effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders, but little research has been done on the perspectives of patients and therapists. AIM: The present study aims to explore patients' and therapists' perspectives on schema therapy. METHOD: Qualitative data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 15 patients and a focus group of 8 therapists. A thematic analysis was performed...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465233/what-iapt-cbt-high-intensity-trainees-do-after-training
#17
Sheena Liness, Susan Lea, Steffen Nestler, Hannah Parker, David M Clark
BACKGROUND: The UK Department of Health Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative set out to train a large number of therapists in cognitive behaviour therapies (CBT) for depression and anxiety disorders. Little is currently known about the retention of IAPT CBT trainees, or the use of CBT skills acquired on the course in the workplace after training has finished. AIMS: This study set out to conduct a follow-up survey of past CBT trainees on the IAPT High Intensity CBT Course at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London (KCL), one of the largest IAPT High Intensity courses in the UK...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456542/treating-depression-and-anxiety-with-digital-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-a-real-world-nhs-evaluation-using-standardized-outcome-measures
#18
Annemarie I Luik, Sophie Bostock, Leanne Chisnall, Simon D Kyle, Nicky Lidbetter, Nick Baldwin, Colin A Espie
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that insomnia may be an important therapeutic target to improve mental health. AIMS: Evaluating changes in symptoms of depression and anxiety after supported digital cognitive behavioural therapy (dCBT) for insomnia delivered via a community-based provider (Self Help Manchester) of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service. METHOD: Supported dCBT for insomnia was delivered to 98 clients (mean age 44...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439900/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-paruresis-or-shy-bladder-syndrome-a-case-study
#19
David Hambrook, Tracey Taylor, Victoria Bream
BACKGROUND: Paruresis, or "shy bladder syndrome", is a relatively common anxiety disorder, yet little is known about the causes of, and effective treatments for this disabling condition. AIM: This report describes a case study in which a man (Peter) presenting with paruresis was treated using formulation-driven CBT, which aimed to address the idiosyncratic processes that were maintaining his anxiety and avoidance of urinating in public. METHOD: Peter attended 12 sessions of CBT including one follow-up session a month after treatment had ended...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852349/the-relationship-between-worry-and-dimensions-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Jonathan Rabner, Nicholas D Mian, David A Langer, Jonathan S Comer, Donna Pincus
BACKGROUND: Worry is a common feature across many anxiety disorders. It is important to understand how and when worry presents from childhood to adolescence to prevent long-term negative outcomes. However, most of the existing studies that examine the relationship between worry and anxiety disorders utilize adult samples. AIMS: The present study aimed to assess the level of worry in children and adolescents and how relationships between worry and symptoms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) and social anxiety disorder (Soc) may present differently at different ages...
November 17, 2016: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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