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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769157/the-role-of-performance-quality-in-adolescents-self-evaluation-and-rumination-after-a-speech-is-it-contingent-on-social-anxiety-level
#1
Anke W Blöte, Anne C Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents' cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729676/attentional-bias-modification-for-social-anxiety-disorder-what-do-patients-think-and-why-does-it-matter
#2
Jennie M Kuckertz, Casey A Schofield, Elise M Clerkin, Jennifer Primack, Hannah Boettcher, Risa B Weisberg, Nader Amir, Courtney Beard
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a great deal of research has examined the efficacy and mechanisms of attentional bias modification (ABM), a computerized cognitive training intervention for anxiety and other disorders. However, little research has examined how anxious patients perceive ABM, and it is unclear to what extent perceptions of ABM influence outcome. AIMS: To examine patient perceptions of ABM across two studies, using a mixed methods approach. METHOD: In the first study, participants completed a traditional ABM program and received a hand-out with minimal information about the purpose of the task...
May 6, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692291/accelerated-outpatient-individual-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-preliminary-pilot-study
#3
Bethany M Wootton, Alexandra Hunn, Annabelle Moody, Bethany R Lusk, Valerie A Ranson, Kim L Felmingham
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and chronic mental health condition. Given the significant prevalence and impairment caused by SAD, it is important to investigate novel ways to improve the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for SAD. One approach may be to provide CBT in an accelerated fashion, which involves multiple sessions per week. Such accelerated treatments have been shown to be effective in other anxiety disorders, but in SAD this accelerated treatment has only been studied in a group treatment format...
April 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692281/positive-psychology-for-overcoming-symptoms-of-depression-a-pilot-study-exploring-the-efficacy-of-a-positive-psychology-self-help-book-versus-a-cbt-self-help-book
#4
Katie Hanson
BACKGROUND: Depression is an extremely common mental health disorder, with prevalence rates rising. Low-intensity interventions are frequently used to help meet the demand for treatment. Bibliotherapy, for example, is often prescribed via books on prescription schemes (for example 'Reading Well' in England) to those with mild to moderate symptomology. Bibliotherapy can effectively reduce symptoms of depression (Naylor et al., 2010). However, the majority of self-help books are based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which may not be suitable for all patients...
April 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692278/the-role-of-self-esteem-in-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Sven Hilbert, Stephan Goerigk, Frank Padberg, Annekatrin Nadjiri, Aline Übleis, Andrea Jobst, Julia Dewald-Kaufmann, Peter Falkai, Markus Bühner, Felix Naumann, Nina Sarubin
BACKGROUND: Based on the vulnerability model, several studies indicate that low self-esteem seems to contribute to depressive symptoms. AIMS: The aim of this study was to treat depressive symptoms in a cognitive behavioural group therapy, focusing on the enhancement of self-esteem, and to explore co-variation in depressive symptoms and the level of self-esteem. METHOD: The Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale (MSWS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to 147 psychiatric in-patients with current depressive symptoms due to an affective disorder (major depression, bipolar I, dysthymia)...
April 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692272/effects-of-self-image-on-anxiety-judgement-bias-and-emotion-regulation-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Hannah Lee, Jung-Kwang Ahn, Jung-Hye Kwon
BACKGROUND: Research to date has focused on the detrimental effects of negative self-images for individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD), but the benefits of positive self-images have been neglected. AIMS: The present study examined the effect of holding a positive versus negative self-image in mind on anxiety, judgement bias and emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with SAD. METHOD: Forty-two individuals who met the diagnostic criteria for SAD were randomly assigned to either a positive or a negative self-image group...
April 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665889/using-implementation-intentions-to-prevent-relapse-after-psychological-treatment-for-depression-the-smart-intervention
#7
Mike Lucock, Serena Bartys, Jade Cupac, Jaime Delgadillo, Charlotte Denton, Sarah Gaines, Dean McMillan, Andrew Prestwich, Rick Stebbings
BACKGROUND: It is recognized that a significant proportion of people with depression are prone to relapse, even after successful treatment, and that self-management interventions should be developed and provided. There is evidence that implementation intentions (IMPS) can be successfully applied to health-related behaviours but their application to self-management of mental health problems has been limited. AIMS: This paper describes the design and initial evaluation of a Self-Management After Therapy (SMArT) intervention, which incorporated IMPS and followed psychological therapy for depression...
April 18, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615144/a-pilot-investigation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-perfectionism-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-corrigendum
#8
S K Sadri, R A Anderson, P M McEvoy, R T Kane, S J Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615141/children-s-naive-concepts-of-ocd-and-how-they-are-affected-by-biomedical-versus-cognitive-behavioural-psychoeducation
#9
B Butlin, C Wilson
BACKGROUND: How we conceptualize mental health conditions is important as it impacts on a wide range of mediators of treatment outcome. We do not know how children intuitively conceptualize obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), nor do we know the relative impact of biomedical or cognitive behavioural conceptual explanations, yet both are being widely used in psychoeducation for children with OCD. AIMS: This study identified children's naive concepts of OCD, and the comparative impact of biomedical versus cognitive behavioural psychoeducation on perceived prognosis...
April 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615140/adapted-cbt-to-stabilize-sleep-on-psychiatric-wards-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach
#10
Bryony Sheaves, Louise Isham, Jonathan Bradley, Colin Espie, Alvaro Barrera, Felicity Waite, Allison G Harvey, Caroline Attard, Daniel Freeman
BACKGROUND: Almost all patients admitted at acute crisis to a psychiatric ward experience clinically significant symptoms of insomnia. Ward environments pose challenges to both sleep and the delivery of therapy. Despite this, there is no description of how to adapt cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for insomnia to overcome these challenges. AIMS: (i) To describe the key insomnia presentations observed in the Oxford Ward Sleep Solution (OWLS) trial and (ii) outline key adaptations aimed to increase accessibility and hence effectiveness of CBT for insomnia for a ward setting...
April 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615137/the-relationship-between-obsessive-compulsive-personality-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-treatment-outcomes-predictive-utility-and-clinically-significant-change-corrigendum
#11
S K Sadri, P M McEvoy, S J Egan, R T Kane, C S Rees, A Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573757/the-metacognitive-anger-processing-map-scale-validation-in-a-mixed-clinical-and-a-forensic-in-patient-sample
#12
Stine Bjerrum Moeller, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: The metacognitive approach by Wells and colleagues has gained empirical support with a broad range of symptoms. The Metacognitive Anger Processing (MAP) scale was developed to provide a metacognitive measure on anger (Moeller, 2016). In the preliminary validation, three components were identified (positive beliefs, negative beliefs and rumination) to be positively correlated with the anger. AIMS: To validate the MAP in a sample of mixed clinical patients (n = 88) and a sample of male forensic patients (n = 54)...
March 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573753/therapeutic-lies-in-dementia-care-should-psychologists-teach-others-to-be-person-centred-liars
#13
Ian A James, Roberta Caiazza
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic lies are frequently used communication strategies, often employed when the person with dementia does not share the same reality as the carer (James and Jackman, 2017; Tuckett 2004; Blum, 1994). Their use is complex and controversial, and a number of protocols have been produced to guide their usage (Mental Health Foundation, 2016). AIMS: The study examined clinicians' perspective on using therapeutic lies in their daily practice and their roles in encouraging the proper use of such a communication strategy...
March 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553003/maladaptive-behaviours-associated-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-item-response-theory-analysis
#14
Alison E J Mahoney, Megan J Hobbs, Jill M Newby, Alishia D Williams, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) suggest that maladaptive behaviours may contribute to the maintenance of the disorder; however, little research has concentrated on identifying and measuring these behaviours. To address this gap, the Worry Behaviors Inventory (WBI) was developed and has been evaluated within a classical test theory (CTT) approach. AIMS: As CTT is limited in several important respects, this study examined the psychometric properties of the WBI using an Item Response Theory approach...
March 19, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530107/effects-of-an-appearance-focused-interpretation-training-intervention-on-eating-disorder-symptoms
#15
Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). AIMS: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510773/why-do-people-overthink-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-a-meta-cognitive-model-and-uncontrollability-of-rumination
#16
Noboru Matsumoto, Satoshi Mochizuki
BACKGROUND: The meta-cognitive model of rumination is a theoretical model regarding the relationship between rumination and depression. Although meta-cognitive therapy for rumination was established based on this model, insufficient longitudinal studies addressing this model have been conducted. Moreover, the uncontrollability of rumination, suggested to be driven by negative meta-beliefs about rumination, has not been examined using this meta-cognitive model. AIMS: We longitudinally examined the meta-cognitive model and its relationship with uncontrollability of rumination and depressive symptoms...
March 7, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510771/are-schemas-passed-on-a-study-on-the-association-between-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-parents-and-their-offspring-and-the-putative-translating-mechanisms
#17
Johanna Sundag, Christine Zens, Leonie Ascone, Susanne Thome, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND: According to Young's schema theory, Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) arise due to the violation of core emotional needs during childhood. It seems likely that parents have difficulties in satisfying their children's emotional needs if they have high levels of EMSs themselves. AIMS: This study investigated whether the extent of EMSs in parents is associated with the extent of EMSs in their offspring. Moreover, we tested for two putative mechanisms that account for this association: parental coping styles and parenting behaviour...
March 7, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485021/maternal-impression-management-in-the-assessment-of-childhood-depressive-symptomatology
#18
Megan Lilly, Thompson E Davis, Peter J Castagna, Arwen Marker, Allison B Davis
BACKGROUND: Self-report instruments are commonly used to assess for childhood depressive symptoms. Historically, clinicians have relied heavily on parent-reports due to concerns about childrens' cognitive abilities to understand diagnostic questions. However, parents may also be unreliable reporters due to a lack of understanding of their child's symptomatology, overshadowing by their own problems, and tendencies to promote themselves more favourably in order to achieve desired assessment goals...
February 27, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480157/the-impact-of-alcohol-use-on-drop-out-and-psychological-treatment-outcomes-in-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-services-an-audit
#19
J E J Buckman, I Naismith, R Saunders, T Morrison, S Linke, J Leibowitz, S Pilling
BACKGROUND: The impact of alcohol use disorders (AUD) on psychological treatments for depression or anxiety in primary care psychological treatment services is unknown. AIMS: To establish levels of alcohol misuse in an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service, examine the impact of higher risk drinking on IAPT treatment outcomes and drop-out, and to inform good practice in working with alcohol misuse in IAPT services. METHOD: 3643 patients completed a brief questionnaire on alcohol use pre-treatment in addition to measures of depression, anxiety and functioning...
February 26, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478417/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-chronic-post-stroke-insomnia
#20
Katie Herron, Lorna Farquharson, Abigail Wroe, Annette Sterr
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has been successfully applied to those with chronic illness. However, despite the high prevalence of post-stroke insomnia, the applicability of CBTI for this population has not been substantially researched or routinely used in clinical practice. AIMS: The present study developed a 'CBTI+' protocol for those with post-stroke insomnia and tested its efficacy. The protocol also incorporated additional management strategies that considered the consequences of stroke...
February 26, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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