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Drug Delivery

Shan-Shan Hong, Ming-Xing Zhang, Meng Zhang, Yi Yu, Jun Chen, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Cong-Jian Xu
The distinct hormone molecules and receptors, such as follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) in ovarian cancer, provide opportunities for more precisely targeted therapy. We previously developed FSHR-mediated nanoparticles and found that FSH peptides on the surface of nanoparticles improved the delivery of short interfering RNA (siRNA) into ovarian cancer cells. However, the high toxicity of the nanoparticles and the transient silencing of the siRNA in vivo limited further study. Here, we developed FSH peptide-conjugated nanoparticles with an increased amount of polyethylene glycol (PEG) grafting and encapsulated short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to silence the target gene, growth-regulated oncogene α (gro-α)...
February 20, 2018: Drug Delivery
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February 12, 2018: Drug Delivery
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December 20, 2017: Drug Delivery
Weiping Cao, Margarita Mishina, Samuel Amoah, Wadzanai P Mboko, Caitlin Bohannon, James McCoy, Suresh K Mittal, Shivaprakash Gangappa, Suryaprakash Sambhara
Avian influenza virus infection is a serious public health threat and preventive vaccination is the most cost-effective public health intervention strategy. Unfortunately, currently available unadjuvanted avian influenza vaccines are poorly immunogenic and alternative vaccine formulations and delivery strategies are in urgent need to reduce the high risk of avian influenza pandemics. Cationic polymers have been widely used as vectors for gene delivery in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we formulated H5N1 influenza vaccines with GenJet™ or in vivo-jetPEI® , and showed that these formulations significantly enhanced the immunogenicity of H5N1 vaccines and conferred protective immunity in a mouse model...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Ming-Xing Zhang, Shan-Shan Hong, Qing-Qing Cai, Meng Zhang, Jun Chen, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Cong-Jian Xu
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among gynecological malignancies. The high mortality rate has not been significantly reduced despite advances in surgery and chemotherapy. Gene therapy shows therapeutic potential, but several key issues must be resolved before clinical application. To minimize toxicity in noncancerous tissues, tumor-specific ligands are conjugated to vectors to increase the selectivity of drug delivery. The expression pattern of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor in normal and cancer tissues provides an opportunity for highly selective drug delivery in ovarian cancer...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Xiaoye Yang, Xiaoqun Shi, Jianbo Ji, Guangxi Zhai
The development of imaging-guided smart drug delivery systems for combinational photodynamic/chemotherapy of the tumor has become highly demanded in oncology. Herein, redox-responsive theranostic polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated innovatively using low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) as the backbone. Chlorin e6 (Ce6) and alpha-tocopherol succinate (TOS) were conjugated to LMWH via cystamine as the redox-sensitive linker, forming amphiphilic Ce6-LMWH-TOS (CHT) polymer, which could self-assemble into NPs in water and encapsulate paclitaxel (PTX) inside the inner core (PTX/CHT NPs)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Gangliang Huang, Hualiang Huang
Hyaluronic acid has good biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nonimmunogenicity. In addition, it has the ability to recognize specific receptors that are overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells, and cancer drugs can be targeted to the tumor cells to better kill them. Therefore, hyaluronic acid has attracted much attention as drug delivery vehicle. Herein, the application of hyaluronic acid as carrier in drug delivery was analyzed and summarized in detail. It showed that hyaluronic acid would have broad prospects for drug delivery...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Rui Huang, Jiawei Li, Dereje Kebebe, Yumei Wu, Bing Zhang, Zhidong Liu
Tumor-targeted delivery is considered a crucial component of current anticancer drug development and is the best approach to increase the efficacy and reduce the toxicity. Nanomedicine, particularly ligand-based nanoparticles have shown a great potential for active targeting of tumor. Cell penetrating peptide is one of the promising ligands in a targeted cancer therapy. In this study, the gambogic acid-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (GA-NLC) was modified with two kinds of cell penetrating peptides (cRGD and RGERPPR)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Ricardo Reyes, Jose Antonio Rodríguez, Josune Orbe, María Rosa Arnau, Carmen Évora, Araceli Delgado
The effect of dual delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 10 (MMP10) on bone regeneration was investigated in a murine model of calvarial critical-size defect, hypothesizing that it would result in an enhanced bone formation. Critical-size calvarial defects (4 mm diameter) were created in mice and PLGA microspheres preloaded with either BMP-2, MMP10 or a microsphere combination of both were transplanted into defect sites at different doses. Empty microspheres were used as the negative control...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Meiling Zhou, Jierong Hou, Zhirong Zhong, Na Hao, Yan Lin, Chunhong Li
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disease. Long-term, high-dose glucocorticoid therapy can be used to treat the disease, but the fact that the drug distributes systemically can give rise to severe adverse effects. Here we develop a targeted system for treating RA in which the glucocorticoid prednisolone (PD) is encapsulated within solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) coated with hyaluronic acid (HA), giving rise to HA-SLNs/PD. HA binds to hyaluronic receptor CD44, which is over-expressed on the surface of synovial lymphocytes, macrophages and fibroblasts in inflamed joints in RA...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Song Yi Lee, Hyun-Jong Cho
Nanoassembly (NA) based on a D-α-tocopherol succinate (αTS) conjugated lysozyme (Lys) (Lys-αTS) was fabricated for tumor-selective delivery of curcumin (CUR) for breast cancer therapy. Lys and αTS were used as a biocompatible enzyme and a hydrophobic residue, respectively, for the preparation of nanocarriers in this study. Compared with CUR-loaded cross-linked Lys (c-Lys/CUR) NA, Lys-αTS/CUR NA exhibited a smaller hydrodynamic size (213 nm mean diameter), a narrower size distribution, and a more spherical shape...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Jiulong Zhang, Chunrong Yang, Shuang Pan, Menghao Shi, Jie Li, Haiyang Hu, Mingxi Qiao, Dawei Chen, Xiuli Zhao
Mitochondrial-targeting therapy was considered to be a promising approach for the efficient treatment of cancer while positive charge induced nonspecific cytotoxicity severely limits its application. To overcome this drawback, a novel mitochondria targeted conjugate triphenylphosphine-docetaxel (TD) has been synthesized successfully and incorporated it into liposomes (EPSLP/TD), which possessed excellent pH-sensitive characteristic, EphA 10 mediated active targetability as well as mitochondria-targeting capability...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Khawar Ali Shahzad, Xin Wan, Lei Zhang, Weiya Pei, Aifeng Zhang, Muhammad Younis, Wei Wang, Chuanlai Shen
Biomimetic nanoparticles have been reported as immune modulators in autoimmune diseases and allograft rejections by numerous researchers. However, most of the therapeutics carrying antigens, toxins or cytokines underlay the mechanism of antigen presentation by cellular uptake of NPs through pinocytosis and phagocytosis. Few researches focus on the direct and antigen-specific modulation on T cells by NPs and combined use of multiple regulatory molecules. Here, polylactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) were fabricated as scaffold to cocoupling H-2Kb -Ig dimer, anti-Fas mAb, PD-L1-Fc, TGF-β and CD47-Fc for the generation of alloantigen-presenting and tolerance-inducing NPs, termed killer NPs and followed by i...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Amanda Migotto, Vanessa F M Carvalho, Giovanna C Salata, Fernanda W M da Silva, Chao Yun Irene Yan, Kelly Ishida, Leticia V Costa-Lotufo, Alexandre A Steiner, Luciana B Lopes
Considering that breast cancer usually begins in the lining of the ducts, local drug administration into the ducts could target cancers and pre-tumor lesions locally while reducing systemic adverse effects. In this study, a cationic bioadhesive nanoemulsion was developed for intraductal administration of C6 ceramide, a sphingolipid that mediates apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell death. Bioadhesive properties were obtained by surface modification with chitosan. The optimized nanoemulsion displayed size of 46...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Wenli Zhang, Caibin Li, Ya Jin, Xinyue Liu, Zhiyu Wang, John P Shaw, Bruce C Baguley, Zimei Wu, Jianping Liu
To improve drug retention in carriers for amphiphilic asulacrine (ASL), a novel active loading method using micelle gradient was developed to fabricate the ASL-loaded multiseed liposomes (ASL-ML). The empty ML were prepared by hydrating a thin film with empty micelles. Then the micelles in liposomal compartment acting as 'micelle pool' drove the drug to be loaded after the outer micelles were removed. Some reasoning studies including critical micelle concentration (CMC) determination, influencing factors tests on entrapment efficiency (EE), structure visualization, and drug release were carried out to explore the mechanism of active loading, ASL location, and the structure of ASL-ML...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Najla Altwaijry, Sukrut Somani, John A Parkinson, Rothwelle J Tate, Patricia Keating, Monika Warzecha, Graeme R Mackenzie, Hing Y Leung, Christine Dufès
The possibility of using gene therapy for the treatment of prostate cancer is limited by the lack of intravenously administered delivery systems able to safely and selectively deliver therapeutic genes to tumors. Given that lactoferrin (Lf) receptors are overexpressed on prostate cancer cells, we hypothesized that the conjugation of Lf to generation 3-diaminobutyric polypropylenimine dendrimer would improve its transfection and therapeutic efficacy in prostate cancer cells. In this study, we demonstrated that the intravenous administration of Lf-bearing DAB dendriplexes encoding TNFα resulted in the complete suppression of 70% of PC-3 and 50% of DU145 tumors over one month...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Victoria Capel, Driton Vllasaliu, Peter Watts, Philip A Clarke, Dominic Luxton, Anna M Grabowska, Giuseppe Mantovani, Snjezana Stolnik
Despite research efforts full potential of siRNA-based therapeutics has not yet been fully realized due to a need for suitable, effective delivery formulations. Here, we examine a potential of a new class of water-soluble chitosans as siRNA platform for pulmonary delivery. The system is based on piperazine-substituted chitosans, a material designed to integrate established, safe application of chitosan for mucosal administration with novel properties: the piperazine-substituted chitosans are freely water-soluble at physiological pH, possess low cytotoxicity (no significant reduction in cell viability up to 0...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Ling Zhang, Fen Chen, Jiatong Zheng, Hongwei Wang, Xingjun Qin, Weisan Pan
Pingyangmycin (PYM) has been applied clinically for many years to treat vascular malformations (VM) in China. The major limitation of PYM injections is quick diffusion from the injection site, which increases side effects, especially the possibility of pulmonary injury. In this paper, chitosan/glycerophosphate disodium (CS/GP) thermogels containing liposomes for sustained and localized PYM delivery were prepared and optimized by a three-level three-factorial Box-Behnken experimental design to evaluate the effects of different variables (the PYM concentration, CS amount and GP content), on the selected responses (cumulative percentage PYM released in 1 day, 9 days and the rate constant k)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Li Tian, Yang Qiao, Patrick Lee, Lucas Wang, Ashley Chang, Saisree Ravi, Thomas A Rogers, Linfeng Lu, Burapol Singhana, Jun Zhao, Marites P Melancon
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an emerging minimally invasive tumor ablation technique that delivers short pulses of strong electric fields and kills cancer cells by disrupting their cell membranes with the electric pulses. However, clinical studies report that more than 10% of local tumor recurrences occur at the original ablated site. NVP BEZ-235 (BEZ) is a dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor that has substantial anticancer effects. However, the clinical trials of BEZ was not satisfactory because of its low bioavailability and high toxicity, which stemmed from the use of oral administration of high doses over a long period of time...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Yue Yuan, Qin Zhang, Yun Yan, Miaomiao Gong, Qi Zhao, Zhihong Bao, Kaerdun Liu, Siling Wang
We report a simple strategy to prepare Tween 60@2β-CD self-assembly vesicles in aqueous solution as a new drug delivery carrier for cancer chemotherapy. The spherical shape of vesicles was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and mean particle sizes were about 33.7 nm, as measured by dynamic light scattering, micro-IR results indicated that the self-assembly vesicles was driven by hydrogen bonding. Hydrophilic doxorubicin (DOX) was successfully loaded into the self-assembly vesicles with drug loading content of 7...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
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