journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239871/integrative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#1
James R Ficke, Nathan M Moroski, Steven D Ross, Ranjan Gupta
Patients often seek nontraditional forms of treatment, including alternative/complementary medical options, such as chiropractic care and acupuncture, to meet their personal needs. In the United States, interest has grown in methods to reduce pain and improve function through Ayurvedic medicine, which uses plant-based supplements, such as turmeric. Traditional allopathic medicine attempts to provide patients with evidence-based therapeutic regimens for their musculoskeletal conditions. Integrative medicine often is used to prevent and manage the sequelae associated with injuries and illnesses; however, competitive athletes and military personnel use complementary medicine for performance enhancement...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227322/no-clear-benefit-of-chlorhexidine-use-at-home-before-surgical-preparation
#2
Melvin Chugh Makhni, Kolawole Jegede, Joseph Lombardi, Susan Whittier, Prakash Gorroochurn, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have evaluated the efficacy of home use of chlorhexidine before surgery to reduce bacterial colonization. However, these studies have provided conflicting evidence about the potential efficacy of this strategy in decreasing bacterial loads and infection rates across surgical populations, and no prior study has analyzed the benefit of this intervention before spine surgery. We prospectively analyzed the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for decreasing bacterial counts on the posterior neck...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239870/factors-motivating-medical-students-in-selecting-a-career-specialty-relevance-for-a-robust-orthopaedic-pipeline
#3
David Segal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239869/challenges-in-the-management-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#4
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Eileen P Storey, Kevin G Shea, Mininder S Kocher, Theodore J Ganley
Although initially considered rare, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures in pediatric patients recently have increased substantially as a result of greater awareness of the injury and increased participation in youth sports. Although pediatric patients with an ACL injury and a clinically stable joint may handle the injury well and return to sports activity without requiring surgical reconstruction, young, active patients with an ACL rupture and an unstable joint may be good candidates for ACL reconstruction to prevent ongoing instability and additional joint damage...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239868/prolonged-preoperative-weakness-affects-recovery-of-motor-function-after-anterior-cervical-diskectomy-and-fusion
#5
Tyler Kreitz, Ronald Huang, David Beck, Andrew G Park, Alan Hilibrand
INTRODUCTION: Some patients who undergo anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion for radiculopathy or myelopathy demonstrate preoperative weakness. The purpose of this study was to determine which factors predict motor recovery in patients undergoing anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion. METHODS: A retrospective review of our institutional database identified patients undergoing anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion between 2010 and 2013 with 2 years of clinical follow-up...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206691/comprehensive-review-of-skiing-and-snowboarding-injuries
#6
Brett D Owens, Christopher Nacca, Andrew P Harris, Ross J Feller
Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete's expertise level, and equipment design...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176493/the-relative-effects-of-manual-versus-automatic-exposure-control-on-radiation-dose-to-vital-organs-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Katharine D Harper, Shidong Li, Rachel Jennings, Kamil M Amer, Christopher Haydel, Sayed Ali
INTRODUCTION: Technologic advances have reduced medical radiation exposure while maintaining image quality. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the presence of total hip arthroplasty implants, compared with native hips, on radiation exposure of the most radiosensitive organs when manual and automatic exposure control settings are used. METHODS: Detection probes were placed at six locations (stomach, sigmoid colon, right pelvic wall, left pelvic wall, pubic symphysis, and anterior pubic skin) in a cadaver...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176492/the-weight-bearing-shoulder
#8
Ronak M Patel, Jonathan D Gelber, Mark S Schickendantz
The shoulder achieves a wide spectrum of motion, and in a subset of patients, including those who use manual wheelchairs and upper extremity walking aids, the shoulder also serves as the primary weight-bearing joint. Because the weight-bearing shoulder is subject to considerable joint reaction forces and overuse, a broad spectrum of pathology can affect the joint. The combination of muscle imbalance and repetitive trauma presents most commonly as subacromial impingement syndrome but can progress to other pathology...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076923/mysteries-behind-the-cellular-content-of-tendon-tissues
#9
Magdalena Schneider, Denitsa Docheva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064862/stemless-prosthesis-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#10
Mark D Lazarus, Ryan M Cox, Anand M Murthi, Ofer Levy, Joseph A Abboud
The fourth generation of humeral components currently are being used in anatomic shoulder arthroplasty. Anatomic shoulder arthroplasty implants have evolved to better re-create anatomy, improve fixation, preserve bone, and facilitate revision surgery. Most of the design changes for shoulder arthroplasty implants have centered on the humeral stem, with a transition to shorter, metaphyseal humeral stems. Many of these humeral component design changes may be beneficial; however, long-term studies are necessary to determine if the results of anatomic shoulder arthroplasty with the use of newer humeral components can match those of anatomic shoulder arthroplasty with the use of older humeral components...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176507/variables-affecting-return-to-work-after-spinal-surgery-in-a-non-workers-compensation-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Yu-Po Lee, Saifal-Deen Farhan, Douglas Kiester, Charles Rosen, Arif Pendi, Nitin Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Return-to-work (RTW) outcomes following spine surgery are critical information for patients aspiring to return to employment following surgical correction. Among patients receiving workers' compensation (WC), spinal surgery has been repeatedly linked to poor RTW rates. However, among patients not receiving WC, the percentage of patients who return to employment is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 326 non-WC patients who underwent spinal surgery at two institutions...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176506/complication-rates-after-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-compared-with-matched-control-patients
#12
Jourdan M Cancienne, Adrese M Kandahari, Aaron Casp, Wendy Novicoff, James A Browne, Quanjun Cui, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: A paucity of data exists regarding long-term outcomes among patients with hepatitis C who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We queried a database for patients with hepatitis C who underwent THA and TKA. We then identified their rates of several postoperative complications and compared them with the same rates among mutually exclusive matched control cohorts. RESULTS: Patients with hepatitis C who underwent THA and TKA had higher rates of infection, aseptic revision surgery, medical complications, and blood transfusion compared with matched control patients...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176505/sex-specific-outcomes-and-predictors-of-concussion-recovery
#13
Cecilia Davis-Hayes, James D Gossett, William N Levine, Tanzid Shams, Jumpei Harada, Jeremy Mitnick, James Noble
INTRODUCTION: Sports-related concussion (SRC) is a substantial concern in collegiate athletics. Some studies of SRC that make comparisons by sex are limited by sample size, follow-up duration, or referral bias. Sex-specific predictors of occurrence and recovery are uncertain. METHODS: A 15-year retrospective cohort study identified 1,200 Columbia University varsity athletes (822 male [68.5%], 378 female [31.5%]) at risk of collegiate SRC. RESULTS: A total of 228 athletes experienced at least one collegiate concussion, including 88 female athletes (23...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176504/screening-for-infection-before-revision-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-likelihood-ratios-of-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-and-serum-c-reactive-protein-levels
#14
Elina Huerfano, Maria Bautista, Manuel Huerfano, Guillermo Bonilla, Adolfo Llinas
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) before revision hip arthroplasty is critical to ensure effective treatment of patients undergoing surgery for reasons other than infection. The main objective of our study is to determine whether the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level are sufficient to use for testing to rule out infection in patients undergoing revision hip surgery. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature in the MEDLINE, Ovid, and Embase databases...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176503/diagnostic-injections-about-the-shoulder
#15
Edward McFarland, Johnathan Bernard, Eric Dein, Alex Johnson
Injections about the shoulder serve diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. Diagnosis of shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears, acromioclavicular joint pathology, subacromial impingement or anterolateral pain syndrome, glenohumeral joint pathology, suprascapular nerve entrapment, and biceps tendon pathologies, is often complicated by concomitant conditions with overlapping symptoms and by inconclusive physical examination and imaging results. Injections of anesthetic agents can often help clinicians locate the source of pain...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176502/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-and-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-from-guidelines-to-practice
#16
Jay R Lieberman, Nathanael Heckmann
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis is recommended for all patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. The selection of an appropriate prophylaxis regimen represents a balance between efficacy and safety. To help orthopaedic surgeons select an appropriate VTE prophylaxis regimen for their patients, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American College of Chest Physicians have developed guidelines. These guidelines do not recommend an optimal regimen, however. Rather, an individualized prophylaxis regimen that balances efficacy and safety is recommended for each patient, based on various risk factors...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059117/reconstruction-following-tumor-resections-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#17
LETTER
Mikel San-Julián, Blanca Vázquez-García, Jesús Dámaso Aquerreta, Miguel Angel Idoate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059116/management-of-failed-rotator-cuff-repair-in-young-patients
#18
Bassem T Elhassan, Ryan M Cox, Dave R Shukla, Julia Lee, Anand M Murthi, Robert Z Tashjian, Joseph A Abboud
Management of failed rotator cuff repair may be difficult, especially in young patients. Various nonmodifiable and modifiable patient factors, including age, tendon quality, rotator cuff tear characteristics, acute or chronic rotator cuff tear, bone quality, tobacco use, and medications, affect rotator cuff repair healing. Surgical variables, such as the technique, timing, tension on the repair, the biomechanical construct, and fixation, as well as the postoperative rehabilitation strategy also affect rotator cuff repair healing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059115/using-lean-process-improvement-to-enhance-safety-and-value-in-orthopaedic-surgery-the-case-of-spine-surgery
#19
Rajiv Sethi, Vijay Yanamadala, Douglas C Burton, Robert Shay Bess
Lean methodology was developed in the manufacturing industry to increase output and decrease costs. These labor organization methods have become the mainstay of major manufacturing companies worldwide. Lean methods involve continuous process improvement through the systematic elimination of waste, prevention of mistakes, and empowerment of workers to make changes. Because of the profit and productivity gains made in the manufacturing arena using lean methods, several healthcare organizations have adopted lean methodologies for patient care...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059114/findings-associated-with-knee-pathology-on-mri-in-patients-without-osteoarthritis
#20
James D Wylie, Christopher A Makarewich, Zach M Working, Lance Jacobson, Robert L Schmidt, Julia R Crim, Robert T Burks
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a retrospective study in patients with minimal or no radiographically evident knee osteoarthritis to determine whether presenting signs and symptoms were predictive of knee pathology that was evident on MRI and could be treated with nonarthroplasty knee surgery or could alter nonsurgical treatment. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients for whom sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons had ordered an MRI of the knee. Univariate analysis identified factors that were associated with positive MRI findings (eg, surgically treatable lesion, meniscal tear) or a finding that could alter treatment...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
journal
journal
31563
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"