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Central European Journal of Public Health

Emmanuel Robesyn, Lara Payne Hallström, Johanna Young, Birgitta de Jong
Letter to the editor, in response to the paper "Legionellosis: a walk-through to identification of the source of infection", Cent Eur J Public Health 2017;25(3):235-239.
June 30, 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Veronika Mičulková, Alena Fialová, Tanja Kovačić, Lidmila Hamplová, Dan Veselý, Petr Hulínský
OBJECTIVE: During last years, a significant increase of HIV infection transmitted through sexual intercourse among young adults has been reported in the Czech Republic. The issue of prevention, where sexual education belongs to an important preventive tool, is much more topical than ever before. The level of knowledge and attitudes related to HIV/AIDS among adolescents has not been assessed so far. The aim of our study was to explore this field in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Information was obtained using an anonymous questionnaire that was filled in by 1,627 adolescents 13 to 15 years old selected from a representative sample of 25 elementary and grammar schools in the Czech Republic...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Christina Voukia, Ismini Voutsina, Fotini Venetsanou, Antonis Kambas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to examine the physical activity (PA) of young children and their parents on weekdays and at the weekend, as well as possible associations between them. METHODS: Fifty-eight children (29 boys), aged 5-8 years (mean age = 6.53 years) and the parent who spent more time with them (25 fathers, 33 mothers, mean age 40.67 years) wore Omron HJ-720IT pedometers for seven consecutive days. Two ANOVAs for repeated measures were applied to examine PA differences between genders and week phases (weekdays vs...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Karel Frömel, Dorota Groffik, František Chmelík, Armando Cocca, Krzysztof Skalik
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze adolescents' physical activity (PA) in two different educational settings, and to estimate the association between meeting PA recommendations and specific characteristics of adolescents' lifestyle. METHODS: The study was carried out in the Moravia region of the Czech Republic and in the Silesia-Opole region of Poland. In total, 1,846 participants completed the long International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-long) using the online Indares system...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Anja Waxenegger, Hannes Mayerl, Erwin Stolz, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines the question as to whether the wellbeing of children and adolescents in Austria and the use of vaccination are influenced by migration background. METHODS: The data was extracted from the Austrian Health Survey 2014 (ATHIS 2014). It contains health-related information of 5,277 children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years. The analysis was based on logistic regression models. RESULTS: To stem from a migration background had no influence on the assessment of health or the assessment of complaints...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Katalin Virág, Tibor András Nyári
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate annual and seasonal trends in mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases in Hungary between 1984 and 2013. METHODS: Annual and monthly mortality and population data were obtained from the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. The annual mortality data by gender and age were available for the following disease classifications of the circulatory system: all cardiovascular diseases, all diseases of the heart, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular diseases...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Vladimír Pavlík, Jana Fajfrová, Václav Šafka, Lucie Pravdová, Miroslav Urban, Pavla Krutišová, Milan Tuček
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to describe current prevalence of selected risk factors in the Czech general population in a particular region and to compare the data with recently published results in the selected population of Czech soldiers. The work also deals with the advantages and disadvantages of methods determining overweight and obesity. METHODS: Within medical preventive examinations the data of 1,051 individuals (482 men, 569 women) were obtained...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Miroslava Slavíková, Bohumír Procházka, Pavel Dlouhý, Michal Anděl, Jolana Rambousková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the risk of malnutrition among institutionalized elderly individuals in North Bohemia and compare it to the risk of malnutrition in the capital city of Prague, Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic, very few studies have been conducted with the goal of describing and evaluating the nutritional status of the institutionalized elderly. METHODS: In this study, data was collected from 254 elderly individuals (aged ≥ 65) residing in retirement homes in North Bohemia and then compared with similar data for the elderly living in retirement homes in Prague (the data from Prague were previously published in 2013)...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Miodrag Stojanović, Goran Cvetanović, Marija Anđelković-Apostolović, Dijana Stojanović, Nataša Rančić
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the leading chronic diseases worldwide over past decades. The objective of the study was to identify predictors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at the General Hospital of the city of Leskovac, between June and November 2015. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and EuroQol-VAS (EQ-VAS) questionnaires were used...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Lenka Pešáková, Jana Hlávková, Marie Nakládalová, Pavel Urban, Petr Gaďourek, Tomáš Tichý, Alena Boriková, Andrea Laštovková, Daniela Pelclová
OBJECTIVE: As a part of regular revision of the List of Occupational Diseases in the Czech Republic, efforts have been made to add a new item so that lumbar spine disease caused by overload may be recognized as occupational one, with adherence to the valid national rules, that is, clinical criteria are met and objective assessment confirms working conditions under which, according to recent scientific knowledge, such an occupational disease develops. The aim is to provide information on the use of a proposed method for working condition assessment in a real setting, based on the initial experiences gained from a pilot study carried out to validate the method...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Oľga Šušoliaková, Jindra Šmejkalová, Marie Bičíková, Lenka Hodačová, Andrea Málková, Zdeněk Fiala
OBJECTIVE: Early morning shifts have a negative effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the extent of occupational stress in early shift workers of the car industry by using salivary cortisol as an objective marker during a workday and on a day off. METHODS: For this cross-sectional epidemiological type of study, a survey included 55 suitable volunteers from the car industry. Five saliva samples were collected according to the following schedule: during one work day in the morning, during the morning shift from 6 a...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Mohammed A Garout, Hani A A Jokhdar, Imad A Aljahdali, Ahmed R Zein, Reda A Goweda, Abdurahman Hassan-Hussein
OBJECTIVE: The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a novel coronavirus circulating in the Arabian Peninsula since September 2012. It leads to significant respiratory disease and among patients with co-morbidities is associated with high mortality. This research studied the mortality rate of MERS-CoV among intensive care unit (ICU) patients and the correlation of mortality with different co-morbidities. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at the Intensive Care Unit of the King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Mustafa Altındis, Tayfur Demiray, Mehmet Köröğlu, Ali Rıza Atasoy, Recep Keşli, Selma Tosun, Mehmet Özdemir, Alper Aksözek, Gülfem Ece, Yeliz Çetinkol, Selma Altındis, Hüseyin Güdücüoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem and affects large populations all over the world. Serum anti-HCV level is a valuable marker to determine HCV infection. Anti-HCV testing has been recommended for high-risk population. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention in the United States proposed a new high-risk population group - adults born between 1945-1965. Under this perspective, we designed a multicentre retrospective study to determine the seropositivity of anti-HCV among adults born between 1945 and 1965 and adults born after 1965 in Turkey...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Sanjin Musa, Blaško Topalović, Sutka Ćatić, Zijada Smajlagić
OBJECTIVE: Between February 2014 and September 2015 a large measles outbreak (5,084 cases) occurred in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H). The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of routine measles vaccination in the FB&H. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the resurgence period surveillance data and a retrospective cohort study involving primary school aged children in randomly selected schools. RESULTS: Measles cases occurred among all age groups, mostly among the unvaccinated...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Vít Vlček
OBJECTIVES: This article describes and comments on contemporary legal regulations concerning the supply of medicines during pandemics in terms of public procurement. METHODS: Suggestions are made for removing existing legislative shortcomings, clarifying the diction of existing laws or rendering precision to legal regulation of public procurement given purchases of medicines during periods of imminent threats of pandemics and duration of pandemics. RESULTS: The author reflects on improving legislation concerning the lack of clarity and the doubts concerning the contemporary legal order of the Czech Republic, with reference to speeding up and simplifying public procurement procedures for incident-free purchases of necessary medicines in time of pandemic crisis situation and then effectively supporting the struggle against any pandemic infection...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Ji-Su Kim
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology of tinnitus is not clearly understood, but its prevalence is relatively high. Persistent symptoms of tinnitus are linked to various mental health conditions, and in particular, tinnitus prevalence is high in Korean adolescents. Accordingly, this study aimed to reveal the associations between tinnitus and mental health in Korean adolescents using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Original data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Sylva Šmídová, Jan Švancara, Lenka Andrýsková, Jan Šimůnek
OBJECTIVES: The study examined appearance and body satisfaction in adolescents. For these purposes, data from the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood in the Czech Republic were used. METHODS: The data were collected in 2010 and the sample comprised 3,105 18-year-old respondents. RESULTS: The research found that the respondents who wished to reduce their weight were mostly women with BMI in the normal range. Based on the body cathexis scale, we found that women compared to men are more critical of stomach, hips, buttocks, and thighs, as well as overall weight and figure...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
YoungHo Kim, InKyoung Park, SooJin Kang
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated how adolescents perceive their own health risks and compare their own likelihood of health risks with that of others of the same age. Moreover, the study identified the differences in health risk perceptions between males and females. METHODS: A total of 625 adolescents (314 males and 311 females) from the Nowon district, geographically located in northern Seoul, voluntarily participated. In order to measure health risk perceptions a Korean version of self-other risk judgments profile was used...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Marek Bužga, Petra Marešová, Karin Petřeková, Pavol Holéczy, Kamil Kuča
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 25% of the Czech population is currently obese. Obesity rates are expected to increase in the future. Obesity not only raises the risk of health complications for individuals, but increasing rates also represent a significant and steadily growing economic burden for healthcare systems and society as a whole. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of three methods of bariatric surgery: laparoscopic greater curve plication (LGCP), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYBG) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
OBJECTIVES: In some countries of the world it is legal to use plant-based marijuana for therapeutic purposes. When we had learned that 7,000 petitioners (including doctors) signed the petition to enable access to marijuana for patients in the Czech Republic, we decided to examine the knowledge about marijuana's medical properties among Polish medical students. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire study was conducted on a group of 181 of students of the last (sixth) year of medical school...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
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