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Central European Journal of Public Health

Roman Alberty, Martin Studenčan, František Kovář
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a major health problem and the leading cause of death and disability in Slovakia. This is the first study to describe the prevalence rate of conventional cardiovascular risk factors in patients hospitalized for ACS. METHODS: Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and cigarette smoking were documented in 1,567 cases (mean age, SD: 66.1±12.0 years, 34.8% of females) enrolled in the SLOVAKS registry from August 2011 through September 2011...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
John Quinn, Tomáš Zelený, Rammika Subramaniam, Vladimír Bencko
OBJECTIVE: Public health status of populations is multifactorial and besides other factors it is linked to war and conflict. Public health crisis can erupt when states go to war or are invaded; health security may be reduced for affected populations. METHODS: This study reviews in aggregate multiple indices of human security, human development and legitimacy of the state in order to describe a predictable global health portrait. RESULTS: Paradigm shift of large global powers to that non-state actors and proxies impact regional influence through scaled conflict and present major global health challenges for policy makers...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Viera Fábryová, Peter Božek, Monika Drakulová, Andrea Kollárová, Zuzana Laluhová Striežencová, Michaela Macichová, Adriena Sakalová
BACKGROUND: The paper presents the results od 22-year study of screening and follow-up of haemoglobinopathies in Slovakia, an overview of genetic mutations, the coincidence with hereditary haemochromatosis mutations, and the procedure in genetic councelling. METHODS: Between 1993-2015, in three centres in Bratislava and in one centre in Kosice, carriers of beta-thalassaemic genes or other haemoglobinopathies were searched for. Diagnosis was performed by haematologists, whereby the family history was evaluated, together with the overall clinical condition, blood count and blood smear, iron and haemolysis parameters, mutations of hereditary haemochromatosis, and haemoglobin electrophoresis testing...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Václav Vaněček, Milan Tuček, Søren Ballegaard
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the links between pressure pain sensitivity (PPS) measured during preventive medical examination of men, their health status and occupation. METHODS: A one year (2015-2016) convenience sampling technique was used to gain primary data from actual medical examination, health records (personal and occupational history) and pressure pain sensitivity (PPS) measured by Ull Meter equipment during preventive medical examination of 371 men of different occupations (average age 43...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Jana Zibolenová, Zuzana Chladná, Viera Švihrová, Tibor Baška, Iveta Waczulíková, Henrieta Hudečková
OBJECTIVE: In Slovakia, thanks to a highly effective vaccination programme, no domestic cases of measles have been reported since 1999. However, there are several outbreaks of measles currently hitting some countries in Europe. Difficulties in reaching the goal of measles elimination make it necessary to monitor the status of the population susceptibility to prevent similar outbreaks in the future. We hypothesize that immunity wanes overtime, which can substantially impact the population susceptibility...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Grażyna Dębska, Małgorzata Pasek, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the sense of coherence and the level of mental load among nurses working at a chemotherapy ward. METHODS: The study, conducted in 2013, included 164 nurses working at inpatient chemotherapy wards in Krakow, Poznan, Kielce, and Gliwice (Poland). The mean age of the study participants was 43.07±7.99 years. The study was based on a diagnostic survey with Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-29) and Meister questionnaire...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Jerzy Romaszko, Robert Kuchta, Cezary Opalach, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Anna Maria Romaszko, Beata Giergielewicz-Januszko, Adam Buciński
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a form of social pathology, which is for various reasons undesirable and as far as possible limited by efforts such as programmes that assist in transitioning out of homelessness. Because, as time passes, the homeless population undergoes both quantitative and qualitative changes, the process of developing these programmes requires up-to-date information on the extent and profile of this phenomenon that takes into account the characteristics of a given country...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Lenka Hodačová, Jindra Šmejkalová, Eva Čermáková, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to monitor and analyze the influence of chosen family indicators related to alcohol consumption and experience of drunkenness in a representative sample of Czech children. METHODS: Data for our work were obtained from the Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study - a World Health Organization (WHO) cross national study. The sample consisted of 4,293 children aged 11, 13 and 15 years. Data collection was conducted in June 2010 in 88 randomly selected schools in the Czech Republic using standardized questionnaires...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Anna Mandecka, Rafał Ilow, Alicja Kowalisko, Klaudia Konikowska
OBJECTIVE: The incorrect composition of a diet, its atherogenicity, is conducive to the occurrence of lipid disorders, arterial hypertension (HTN), diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of incorrect anthropometric and biochemical parameters as well as diet atherogenicity. METHODS: The study group included 1,520 adults (880 women, 640 men). The nutritional status evaluation was based on respondents' BMI and waist circumference...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
R. David Parker, Kristi Rüütel
OBJECTIVES: Our study assessed sexually transmitted infections (STI) occurrence and risk behaviours from a sample of the defence forces of Estonia. Previous research on military personnel yields various results on the prevalence of STIs and high risk behaviours. The increasing recognition of high risk behaviours among military personnel is evident given increased programmes that focus on education of drug use and risky sexual behaviours. Many militaries conduct routine, periodic screening for diseases such as HIV and viral hepatitis at entry and pre-foreign deployment...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Ivan Raška, Mária Rašková, Vít Zikán, Jan Škrha
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are at increased risk of fractures. The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis and osteoporosis related fractures in postmenopausal women with T2DM. METHODS: A total of 112 postmenopausal women with T2DM and 171 control nondiabetic women received a standardized questionnaire on osteoporosis risk factors, and were evaluated for bone mineral density (BMD, by using a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry), biochemical markers of bone and glucose metabolism, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and its gene polymorphisms (rs1800625 or rs2070600)...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Vítězslav Jiřík, Ondřej Machaczka, Veronika Ovesná, Hana Miturová, Eva Holendová, Jana Janoutová, Vladimír Janout
AIM: The aim of this paper is to provide information about the concentrations of airborne bioaerosols (airborne bacteria, fungi and endotoxins) in outdoor suburban environments in Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian region, Czech Republic. METHODS: The methods were based on systematic bioaerosol monitoring during one calendar year, subsequent analysis of the samples and statistical processing. The regression, correlation analysis and analysis of variance for one factor and pairwise comparisons were performed on bioaerosol data to determine their dependence on season, daytime, temperature, humidity and dew point...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Karel Lach, Karel Klouda, Vladimír Mička, Lucie Hellebrandová
Air quality in the Moravian-Silesian Region and especially in the Ostrava agglomeration represents a very important factor influencing the environment and health of the local population. The area has been burdend for more than two centuries with rapid development of the mining industry and related metallurgical and chemical production. As a result, hundreds of tons of pollutants have progressively been released into the atmosphere. Some of them have been gradually eliminated from the environment; others, such as some heavy metals, remain locally present and burden the local landscape...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Libor Černikovský, Blanka Krejčí, Zdeněk Blažek, Vladimíra Volná
OBJECTIVE: The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) estimated the transboundary transport of air pollution between the Czech Republic and Poland by assessing relationships between weather conditions and air pollution in the area as part of the "Air Quality Information System in the Polish-Czech border of the Silesian and Moravian-Silesian region" project ( Estimation of cross-border transport of pollutants is important for Czech-Polish negotiations and targeted measures for improving air quality...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Radim J Šrám, Pavel Rössner, Andrea Rössnerová, Miroslav Dostál, Alena Milcová, Vlasta Švecová, Jana Pulkrabová, Jana Hajšlová, Miloš Velemínský
The Northern Moravia Region is the most polluted region in the Czech Republic by particulate matter (PM2.5) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (c-PAHs) as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) by heavy industry and local heating. This specific situation was used to study the impact of air pollution on newborns in the exposed Karviná district and control district of České Budějovice. Biological material from newborns and mothers was collected in summer and winter seasons. This project is highly detailed, analyzing the concentrations of PAHs in ambient air and diet, in human breast milk, in the urine of mothers and newborns, using biomarkers of genetic damage as DNA adducts and gene expression analysis, biomarkers of oxidative stress as 8-oxodG adducts and lipid peroxidation (15-F2t-isoprostane immunoassay)...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Hana Šlachtová, Pavla Polaufová, Anna Šplíchalová, Jiří Michalík, David Feltl, Jaroslav Lux, Marie Marsová
BACKGROUND: The city of Ostrava and its surroundings belong to the most long-therm polluted areas in the Czech Republic and Europe. For identification of health risk, the World Health Organization recommends a theoretical estimation of increased short-term PM10 concentrations effect on hospital admissions for cardiac complaints based on a 0.6% increase per 10 µg.m(-3) PM10 and 1.14% increase for respiratory causes. The goal of the present study is to verify the percentage increase of morbidity due to cardiovascular and respiratory causes, as per WHO recommendations for health risk assessment, in the population of Ostrava...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Hana Šlachtová, Vítězslav Jiřík, Ivan Tomášek, Hana Tomášková
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) more than 2 million premature deaths and 7 million of total deaths each year can be attributed to the effects of air pollution. The contribution of air pollution to the health status of population is estimated to be about 20%. Health is largely determined by factors outside the reach of healthcare sector, including low income, unemployment, poor environment, poor education, and substandard housing. AIM: The aim of the paper was to review a current knowledge of relationships among air pollution, socioeconomic health inequalities, socio-spatial differentiation, and environmental inequity...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Pavla Polaufová, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Vítězslav Jiřík, Vladimír Janout
AIM: This study is concerned with environmental health studies conducted in Ostrava (Czech Republic) and the surrounding region since the early nineties. METHODS: Various databases, journals and reports, including internal or unpublished reports, were reviewed to assess the individual publications. A brief description of the studies and main results were collated. RESULTS: The city of Ostrava and the surrounding region is an important industrial centre in the Czech Republic with a long-term heavy environmental and occupational disease burden...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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