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Central European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760285/estimating-the-baseline-incidence-of-a-seasonal-disease-independently-of-epidemic-outbreaks
#1
Bohumír Procházka, Jan Kynčl
In epidemiology, it is very important to estimate the baseline incidence of infectious diseases, but the available data are often subject to outliers due to epidemic outbreaks. Consequently, the estimate of the baseline incidence is biased and so is the predicted epidemic threshold which is a crucial reference indicator used to suspect and detect an epidemic outbreak. Another problem is that the "usual" incidence varies in a season dependent manner, i.e. it may not be constant throughout the year, is often periodic, and may also show a trend between years...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760284/cervical-viral-infections-among-asymptomatic-bulgarian-women
#2
Jeni Staykova, Tanja Belovska, Ayla Murad, Sevinch Kakid, Aneta Nacheva, Evelina Shikova
AIM: Although sexually transmitted viral infections are significant and increasing public health concern, little is known about their prevalence among Bulgarian women. The aim of this study was to investigate cervical viral infections in asymptomatic women. METHODS: The study group included 52 randomly selected asymptomatic female volunteers from Bulgarian border town Kardzhali. Cervical specimens were tested by real-time PCR for human papillomaviruses (HPV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760283/hormonal-receptor-human-epidermal-growth-factor-and-its-association-with-breast-cancer-tumor-characteristics-in-albania
#3
Edlira Pajenga, Tefta Rexha, Silva Çeliku, Ana Ugrinska, Gazmend Bejtja
AIM: This retrospective study was designed to analyze expression patterns of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and HER2/neu in Albanian patients with breast carcinoma to identify their relationships with tumor size, histological grade (HG), lymph node metastasis and relapse. METHODS: Patients with either biopsy or metastatic relapse were identified. Demographics, tumor characteristics, ER, PR, and HER2/neu status were retrospectively obtained from the medical records of patients treated with breast cancer during 2006-2011...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755864/breast-cancer-and-deodorants-antiperspirants-a-systematic-review
#4
Mohamed Farouk Allam
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the possible association between underarm deodorants/ antiperspirants use and breast cancer risk has raised important interest in the scientific community. The objective of our systematic review is to estimate the pooled risk of deodorants/antiperspirants use for breast cancer. METHODS: All observational studies that evaluated the association between breast cancer risk and deodorants/antiperspirants use were reviewed. We have only identified two case-control studies, carried out between 2002 and 2006...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755863/adverse-phototoxic-effect-of-essential-plant-oils-on-nih-3t3-cell-line-after-uv-light-exposure
#5
Svatopluk Binder, Adéla Hanáková, Kateřina Tománková, Klára Pížová, Robert Bajgar, Barbora Manišová, Kristina Kejlová, Hana Bendová, Dagmar Jírová, Hana Kolářová
AIM: Natural or artificial substances have become an inseparable part of our lives. It is questionable whether adequate testing has been performed in order to ensure these substances do not pose a serious health risk. The principal aim of our research was to clarify the potential risk of adding essential oils to food, beverages and cosmetic products. METHODS: The toxicity of substances frequently employed in cosmetics, aromatherapy and food industry (bergamot oil, Litsea cubeba oil, orange oil, citral) were investigated using cell line NIH3T3 (mouse fibroblasts) with/without UV irradiation...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755862/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-turkish-workers-with-pneumoconiosis
#6
Hilal Altınöz, Cengiz Çelikkalkan, Gönül Dinç Horasan, Fatih Hamşioğlu, Nalan Cengiz, Hikmet Orbay
AIM: Pneumoconiosis is caused by inhaling dust. The aim of the study was to analyze 208 cases of workers' pneumoconiosis. METHOD: Patients' files were used for the descriptive study. RESULTS: All patients were male aged 38.82±13 years. The most important symptom was breathlessness. Patients were denim sandblasters (50.5%), dental technicians (12%), coal miners (6.7%), and others. The mean exposure time before pneumoconiosis occurred was shorter in denim sandblasters and teflon kitchenware producers compared to other occupations (5...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755861/association-of-egf-igfbp-3-and-tp53-gene-polymorphisms-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-slovak-population
#7
Silvia Mahmood, Andrea Evinová, Mária Škereňová, Igor Ondrejka, Ján Lehotský
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a main public health concern worldwide. Despite extensive investigations, the exact mechanisms responsible for MDD have not been identified. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are involved in brain function. Tumour suppressor protein p53 is widely involved in neuronal death in response to different forms of acute insults and neurological disorders. The present study focuses on the possible associations of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of EGF A61G (rs4444903), IGFBP-3 C32G (rs2854746) and TP53 G72C (rs1042522) genes with MDD risk in the Slovak population...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755860/trends-in-hospitalization-of-children-with-bacterial-pneumonia-in-poland
#8
Małgorzata Gajewska, Katarzyna Lewtak, Jacques Scheres, Piotr Albrecht, Paweł Goryński
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the hospitalization trends in children aged 0-6 suffering from bacterial pneumonia in the years 2007-2011 in Poland. METHODS: The data pertained to the hospitalized patients diagnosed with the diseases registered as J13-J15 according to ICD-10. RESULTS: In the years 2007-2011, the hospitalization rate increased from 16.3/10,000 to 44.1/10,000 for boys and from 13.8/10,000 to 33.0/10,000 for girls. The most frequently hospitalized children were between 1 and 2 years of age (90...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755859/virological-surveillance-of-influenza-in-four-recent-post-pandemic-seasons-2010-11-to-2013-14-in-bulgaria
#9
Neli Korsun, Svetla Angelova, Ani Teodosieva
AIM: Influenza virological surveillance is an essential tool for studying the evolution of influenza viruses as well as for annual updating of the vaccine composition. The aim of the present study is to analyse the circulation of the influenza viruses in Bulgaria during the four recent post-pandemic seasons. METHODS: A total of 3,681 respiratory samples from patients with influenza like illness (ILI) or acute respiratory illness (ARI) were tested for influenza viruses using Real Time RT-PCR...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743519/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-seniors-aged-75-living-in-home-environment-in-selected-regions-of-the-czech-republic
#10
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Motlová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743518/estrogen-receptor-binding-affinity-of-food-contact-material-components-estimated-by-qsar
#11
Jitka Sosnovcová, Marián Rucki, Hana Bendová
AIM: The presented work characterized components of food contact materials (FCM) with potential to bind to estrogen receptor (ER) and cause adverse effects in the human organism. METHODS: The QSAR Toolbox, software application designed to identify and fill toxicological data gaps for chemical hazard assessment, was used. Estrogen receptors are much less of a lock-and-key interaction than highly specific ones. The ER is nonspecific enough to permit binding with a diverse array of chemical structures...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743517/a-unique-opportunity-to-study-short-and-long-term-consequences-in-children-prenatally-exposed-to-illicit-drugs-and-opioid-maintenance-treatment-using-czech-and-scandinavian-registers
#12
Roman Gabrhelík, Blanka Nechanská, Viktor Mravčík, Svetlana Skurtveit, Ingunn Olea Lund, Marte Handal
Licit and illicit drug use in pregnant women constitutes a long lasting and serious problem worldwide. Information on long-term effects of maternal drug use on the child is limited. Nationwide registers provide a great potential to study short and long-term consequences for children exposed to licit and illicit drugs during pregnancy. We discuss this potential, with a special emphasis on exposure to methamphetamine, heroin and prescription drugs used for opioid maintenance treatment (OMT). We also discuss the advantages of register data and of merging such data from different regions...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743516/child-maltreatment-in-turkey-comparison-of-parent-and-child-reports
#13
Zeynep Sofuoğlu, Görkem Sarıyer, M Gökalp Ataman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Child maltreatment, i.e. abuse and neglect, is a significant problem worldwide and can cause impaired physical and mental health throughout life. The true extent still remains unknown in all countries, including Turkey. The aim of this study was to apply the two versions of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool of ICAST-C and ICAST-P, which are used to assess child and parent feedback and to compare reports given by children and those given by parents...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743515/intake-of-dietary-fibre-and-its-sources-related-to-adolescents-age-and-gender-but-not-to-their-weight
#14
Justyna W Wuenstel, Lidia Wądołowska, Małgorzata A Słowinska, Ewa Niedźwiedzka, Joanna Kowalkowska, Lidia Kurp
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to investigate the intake of dietary fibre and its sources among Polish adolescents according to prevalence of overweight after adjustment for age and gender. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 1,565 students, including 48% boys and 52% girls aged 13-18 with normal weight, overweight and obesity. Dietary information was reported using the Block Screening Questionnaire for Fruit/Vegetable/Fibre Intake. The nutritional status was assessed on the basis of body mass and height measurements...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743514/investigation-of-factors-affecting-frequency-of-intestinal-parasites-in-primary-school-students-in-an-urban-region-in-turkey
#15
İnci Arıkan, Aynur Gülcan, Saime Ergen Dıbeklıoğlu
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of intestinal parasitic diseases (IPD) and associated factors in primary school students and to assess the knowledge and practices of mothers about these diseases. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study carried out in January-March 2014 in 471 students aged 5-11 years, studying at 3 schools randomly selected from the city centre regions with different socioeconomic levels. Stratified sampling method was used in the present study and the data were collected in two stages...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434249/years-of-life-lost-due-to-premature-mortality-in-a-province-with-the-shortest-life-expectancy-in-poland
#16
Marek Bryła, Małgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate years of life lost for citizens of the Lodz Province, which is characterized by the lowest life expectancy in Poland, and to identify current trends in this area according to the most common causes of death. METHODS: The study material included a database containing information gathered from 470,000 death certificates of Lodz Province inhabitants, who died between 1999 and 2011. In order to calculate years of life lost, the authors applied the SEYLLp (Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person) and SEYLLd (per death) indices...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434248/access-to-healthcare-in-russia-a-pilot-study-in-ekaterinburg
#17
Natalia Antonova
AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze accessibility of medical assistance in Russian polyclinics (a case study of the city of Ekaterinburg). METHODS: The research included an anonymous survey of patients in five polyclinics of Ekaterinburg (N=500) conducted by applying a specially developed standardised interview. RESULTS: The following factors of medical care accessibility were analyzed: the patient's financial status and administrative and managerial resources of medical institutions...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434247/smoking-habits-and-attitudes-in-students-of-the-third-faculty-of-medicine-of-charles-university-in-prague
#18
Dagmar Schneidrová, Tereza Kopřivová Herotová, Magdaléna Šustková, Viktor Hynčica
AIM: This study seeks to assess smoking habits, attitudes and intention to quit in students of the Third Faculty of Medicine of Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey designed to obtain information on smoking history, current smoking status, cessation attempts, and attitudes towards smoking among health professionals was conducted in 452 students of the first and last years of a 6-year Master's Study Programme (General Medicine) and a 3-year Bachelor's Study Programme (Public Health)...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434246/prevalence-of-tobacco-use-among-school-teachers-and-effect-of-training-on-tobacco-use-in-western-turkey
#19
Gülengül Mermer, Şafak Dağhan, Ayşegül Bilge, Renginar Öztürk Dönmez, Süheyla Özsoy, Türkan Günay
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is still a prevalent issue. Given that teachers are respected in society, they have a great responsibility for tobacco control. This study examines, using the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), the prevalence of tobacco use among teachers and their different stages of tobacco use. It also evaluates teachers' views on smoking and the effectiveness of training on tobacco use. METHODS: This study is quasi-experimental. Pre-test and post-test were used first with a cross-sectional group, then with a single group to determine the frequency of tobacco use...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434245/epidemiology-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-czech-children-under-5-years-of-age-after-routine-immunisation
#20
Marek Petráš, Věra Adámková
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the surveillance of invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) in 2007 has helped to monitor changes in serotype occurrence in the Czech population and assess the impact of routine immunisation against IPD on the child population under 5 years of age. METHODS: Observational study of childhood IPD in the Czech Republic based on the state public health surveillance data comparing pre-immunisation (2007-2008) and post-immunisation (2012-2013) periods...
June 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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