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Central European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160539/bioaerosols-in-the-suburbs-of-ostrava-during-a-one-year-period
#1
Vítězslav Jiřík, Ondřej Machaczka, Veronika Ovesná, Hana Miturová, Eva Holendová, Jana Janoutová, Vladimír Janout
AIM: The aim of this paper is to provide information about the concentrations of airborne bioaerosols (airborne bacteria, fungi and endotoxins) in outdoor suburban environments in Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian region, Czech Republic. METHODS: The methods were based on systematic bioaerosol monitoring during one calendar year, subsequent analysis of the samples and statistical processing. The regression, correlation analysis and analysis of variance for one factor and pairwise comparisons were performed on bioaerosol data to determine their dependence on season, daytime, temperature, humidity and dew point...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160538/fine-and-ultrafine-aerosol-in-ostrava-ambient-air
#2
Karel Lach, Karel Klouda, Vladimír Mička, Lucie Hellebrandová
Air quality in the Moravian-Silesian Region and especially in the Ostrava agglomeration represents a very important factor influencing the environment and health of the local population. The area has been burdend for more than two centuries with rapid development of the mining industry and related metallurgical and chemical production. As a result, hundreds of tons of pollutants have progressively been released into the atmosphere. Some of them have been gradually eliminated from the environment; others, such as some heavy metals, remain locally present and burden the local landscape...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160537/transboundary-air-pollution-transport-in-the-czech-polish-border-region-between-the-cities-of-ostrava-and-katowice
#3
Libor Černikovský, Blanka Krejčí, Zdeněk Blažek, Vladimíra Volná
OBJECTIVE: The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) estimated the transboundary transport of air pollution between the Czech Republic and Poland by assessing relationships between weather conditions and air pollution in the area as part of the "Air Quality Information System in the Polish-Czech border of the Silesian and Moravian-Silesian region" project (http://www.air-silesia.eu). Estimation of cross-border transport of pollutants is important for Czech-Polish negotiations and targeted measures for improving air quality...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160536/impact-of-air-pollution-to-genome-of-newborns
#4
Radim J Šrám, Pavel Rössner, Andrea Rössnerová, Miroslav Dostál, Alena Milcová, Vlasta Švecová, Jana Pulkrabová, Jana Hajšlová, Miloš Velemínský
The Northern Moravia Region is the most polluted region in the Czech Republic by particulate matter (PM2.5) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (c-PAHs) as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) by heavy industry and local heating. This specific situation was used to study the impact of air pollution on newborns in the exposed Karviná district and control district of České Budějovice. Biological material from newborns and mothers was collected in summer and winter seasons. This project is highly detailed, analyzing the concentrations of PAHs in ambient air and diet, in human breast milk, in the urine of mothers and newborns, using biomarkers of genetic damage as DNA adducts and gene expression analysis, biomarkers of oxidative stress as 8-oxodG adducts and lipid peroxidation (15-F2t-isoprostane immunoassay)...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160535/pm10-air-pollution-and-acute-hospital-admissions-for-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-causes-in-ostrava
#5
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Hana Šlachtová, Pavla Polaufová, Anna Šplíchalová, Jiří Michalík, David Feltl, Jaroslav Lux, Marie Marsová
BACKGROUND: The city of Ostrava and its surroundings belong to the most long-therm polluted areas in the Czech Republic and Europe. For identification of health risk, the World Health Organization recommends a theoretical estimation of increased short-term PM10 concentrations effect on hospital admissions for cardiac complaints based on a 0.6% increase per 10 µg.m(-3) PM10 and 1.14% increase for respiratory causes. The goal of the present study is to verify the percentage increase of morbidity due to cardiovascular and respiratory causes, as per WHO recommendations for health risk assessment, in the population of Ostrava...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160533/a-summary-of-environmental-health-studies-in-the-city-of-ostrava-and-the-surrounding-region-in-the-czech-republic
#6
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Pavla Polaufová, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Vítězslav Jiřík, Vladimír Janout
AIM: This study is concerned with environmental health studies conducted in Ostrava (Czech Republic) and the surrounding region since the early nineties. METHODS: Various databases, journals and reports, including internal or unpublished reports, were reviewed to assess the individual publications. A brief description of the studies and main results were collated. RESULTS: The city of Ostrava and the surrounding region is an important industrial centre in the Czech Republic with a long-term heavy environmental and occupational disease burden...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160532/air-pollution-and-potential-health-risk-in-ostrava-region-a-review
#7
Vítězslav Jiřík, Ondřej Machaczka, Hana Miturová, Ivan Tomášek, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Helena Velická, Vladimír Janout
AIM: The aim of this review was to collect all available data about air pollution in Ostrava, which is one of the most polluted area in central Europe and to make a concise assessment of health risks resulting from historical exposures of air pollutants since the beginning of the monitoring, i.e. since 1970 to the present time. METHODS: All available information sources (the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, the Institute of Public Health in Ostrava or publications) were used...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160531/editorial
#8
Vítězslav Jiřík, Vladimír Janout
This special issue of the CEJPH focuses on air pollution and its public health effects. Despite the fact that the body of knowledge of possible health effects of air pollutants is growing over the last two decades, mainly as a result of multiple epidemiological studies conducted all over the world, many questions still remain unanswered. As the air pollution in the Silesian part of the Czech Republic, and in the Ostrava Region in particular, is a significant environmental phenomenon in Europe, the data on pollution exposure, types, and health effects at various levels could be an important contribution to the body of evidence on this (sometimes) seemingly local issue...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095292/should-enteroviruses-be-monitored-in-natural-recreational-waters
#9
Soňa Šarmírová, Viera Nagyová, Darina Štípalová, Iveta Drastichová, Danka Šimonyiová, Zuzana Sirotná, Renáta Kissová, Katarína Pastuchová, Jana Tirpáková, Daniel Kuba, Cyril Klement, Shubhada Bopegamage
Enteroviruses (EVs) infections occur worldwide. Although, infections by these viruses are often asymptomatic and go unnoticed, they can be shed in stool for several weeks. The EVs re associated with sporadic outbreaks and a wide range of clinical symptoms, occasionally accompanied with fatal consequences. Presently in the Slovak Republic (SR) recreational waters are tested only for bacterial indicators. Our aim was to monitor EVs in recreational waters. Water samples were collected during the years 2012-2014 from different recreational natural lakes in Central and West regions of SR...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095291/genotyping-of-varicella-zoster-virus-clinical-isolates-from-the-czech-republic
#10
Vanda Boštíková, Radek Sleha, Pavel Boštík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095290/study-of-the-microbiological-quality-of-bulgarian-bottled-water-in-terms-of-its-contamination-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#11
Vesela Georgieva, Yulia Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: Due to the widespread use of bottled water, it is important from a hygienic point of view to ensure that these products have good quality and meet the requirements set out in regulations. METHODS: In the period 2000-2013, a large-scale study (2,500 samples) was carried out on the quality of Bulgarian bottled water as per the microbiological parameters laid down in the European and Bulgarian legislation. Standard microbiological methods were applied. RESULTS: There is strong evidence that the most frequently isolated contaminant in these products was Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095289/prevalence-of-hpv-infection-in-croatian-men-during-a-12-year-period-a-comparative-study-of-external-genital-and-urethral-swabs
#12
Zora Profozić, Tomislav Meštrović, Ivan Savić, Velimir Profozić
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and distribution of both low-risk and high-risk HPV infection of the urethra and outer genital region in Croatian men. Thus far there is a consensus that sampling the coronal sulcus and glans of the penis is essential for adequately assessing HPV status in men but less agreement is noted for urethral sampling. METHODS: External genital brushing and urethral swabs were taken from 1,342 men during a 12-year period and tested with the hc2 HPV DNA Test using Hybrid Capture 2 technology...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095288/cytomegalovirus-immunoglobulin-g-avidity-index-among-blood-donors-in-alexandria-egypt
#13
Aleya Abdel Gawad, Mona Hashish, Amani Abaza, Aisha El-Kayal
BACKGROUND: Transfusion transmitted diseases (TTD) are a major challenge to transfusion services all over the world. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is considered one of the main viruses associated with blood transfusion. As CMV screening is not included in routine screening tests done for donated blood in blood banks in Egypt, the detection of CMV Immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity needs to be tested for being a useful tool to diagnose recent infection among blood donors. The aim of this work was to study CMV IgG avidity index (AI) among blood donors...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095287/nanomaterials-a-new-and-former-public-health-issue-the-case-of-slovakia
#14
Stanislav Kuka, Marta Hurbánková, Martina Drličková, Tibor Baška, Henrieta Hudečková, Zuzana Tatarková
Nanoparticles exist for a long time as both inorganic and organic parts of nature. Recently, massive expansion of nanotechnologies is evidenced, together with intentional production of new nanoparticles which have not been in contact with living organisms until now. Besides obvious positive aspects, potential threats related to their exposure should be taken into consideration. Unique physical-chemical properties of nanoparticles cause a high bioactivity following their intake (through air, ingestion and skin) and unrestricted spread in exposed organs...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095286/the-relations-between-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-and-1-ohp-levels-as-a-biomarker-of-the-exposure
#15
Zuzana Klöslová, Marek Drímal, Karol Balog, Kvetoslava Koppová, Jarmila Dubajová
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the products of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis of various organic materials. Their ubiquity in the environment leads to measurable levels of exposure. However, the exposure varies strongly between different regions in Europe. Some PAHs with four or more rings are suspected to be human carcinogens. Therefore, the occupational and/or environmental exposure to PAHs may cause a significant health risk. The aim of investigation is to evaluate current levels of PAH exposure in defined groups of workers...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095285/urine-levels-of-phthalate-metabolites-and-bisphenol-a-in-relation-to-main-metabolic-syndrome-components-dyslipidemia-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#16
Roman Piecha, Štěpán Svačina, Marek Malý, Karel Vrbík, Zdenka Lacinová, Martin Haluzík, Jana Pavloušková, Adam Vavrouš, Dagmar Matějková, Dana Müllerová, Miloš Mráz, Martin Matoulek
AIM: Human exposure to organic pollutants (some of them also called endocrine disruptors) can be associated with adverse metabolic health outcomes including type 2 diabetes. The goal of this study was to compare the urine levels of bisphenol A and phthalate metabolites in subgroups of patients with metabolic syndrome composed of patients with and without three important components of metabolic syndrome (hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes). METHODS: We have investigated 24 hr urine samples of 168 patients with metabolic syndrome from the Metabolic Outpatient Department of General University Hospital in Prague...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095284/family-carers-perspectives-on-integrated-community-care-in-the-czech-republic
#17
Eva Křížová, Hana Janečková, Jaromír Běláček
AIM: The problem of family care for people dependent on another person has only recently become a focus of research. As demand for health and social services has not been adequately met by public service providers, growing attention has been given to informal care and the integration of families within systems of health and social care at the community level. This paper presents the results of a survey on informal carers' views and opinions under the current conditions of social support in the Czech Republic...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095283/substance-use-among-european-students-east-west-comparison-between-1995-and-2011
#18
Alojz Nociar, Janusz Sierosławski, Ladislav Csémy
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate long-term trends differences in student substance misuse between countries of former Eastern Bloc (FEB) and Western Europe (WEST). Overall data on student substance misuse gathered in five waves of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) conducted between 1995 and 2011 were pooled and analysed. Findings were compared between FEB and WEST countries at the five time-points of data collection. METHODS: Over 396,000 of 16 years old students from thirteen FEB and thirteen WEST countries completed anonymous ESPAD questionnaires...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095282/active-smoking-and-associated-behavioural-risk-factors-before-and-during-pregnancy-prevalence-and-attitudes-among-newborns-mothers-in-mures-county-romania
#19
Florina Ruta, Calin Avram, Septimiu Voidăzan, Claudiu Mărginean, Vladimir Bacârea, Zoltán Ábrám, Kristie Foley, Andrea Fogarasi-Grenczer, Melinda Pénzes, Monica Tarcea
AIM: Smoking before, during and after pregnancy leads to detrimental outcomes on maternal and foetal health and represents an important public health issue. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of smoking before and during pregnancy in a sample of Romanian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among mothers (N=1,278) in three maternity hospitals in Tirgu-Mures, Romania, immediately after childbirth, in 2014. We evaluated the prevsalence of smoking before and during pregnancy and used binary logistic regression to assess the influence of socio-demographics and other health behaviour factors in three groups of women: non-smoking pregnant women, women who continued smoking during pregnancy, and smokers who quit during pregnancy...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095281/nurses-attitudes-toward-intervening-with-smokers-their-knowledge-opinion-and-e-learning-impact
#20
Eva Králíková, Vladislava Felbrová, Stanislava Kulovaná, Kateřina Malá, Iveta Nohavová, Eva Roubíčková, Alexandra Pánková, Stella A Bialous, Marjorie J Wells, Jenny Brook, Linda Sarna
BACKGROUND: Numbering about 90,000, nurses represent the largest group of health care providers in the Czech Republic. Therefore, nurses can make a significant impact in the treatment of tobacco dependence, particularly in applying brief interventions to smokers. METHODS: During 2014, 279 nurses from the Czech Republic participated in an e-learning education programme consisting of two Webcasts with additional web-based resources about smoking cessation in relation to health and treatment options in daily clinical practice, particularly regarding brief intervention methods...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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