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Central European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022687/bohum%C3%A3-r-proch%C3%A3-zka-longtime-cejph-editorial-board-member-dies-at-64
#1
Marek Malý, Eva Švandová, Viktor Hynčica, Ladislav Tomášek, Jan Kynčl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022686/level-of-education-as-a-risk-factor-for-extensive-prevalence-of-cervical-intervertebral-disc-degenerative-changes-and-chronic-neck-pain
#2
Vedran Markotić, Damir Zubac, Miro Miljko, Goran Šimić, Amra Zalihić, Gojko Bogdan, Dorijan Radančević, Ana Dugandžić Šimić, Josip Mašković
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the prevalence of degenerative intervertebral disc changes in the patients who previously reported symptoms of neck pain and to determine the influence of education level on degenerative intervertebral disc changes and subsequent chronic neck pain. METHODS: One hundred and twelve patients were randomly selected from the University Hospital in Mostar, Bosna and Herzegovina, (aged 48.5±12.7 years) and submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022685/inverse-relationship-between-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-serum-cystatin-c-levels
#3
Natalia G Vallianou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Angelos A Evangelopoulos, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Maria S Bonou, Evangelos D Vogiatzakis, Petros C Avgerinos, John Barbetseas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine serum cystatin C levels in association with the Mediterranean diet in a healthy Greek population. METHODS: Cystatin C together with basic clinical chemistry tests was measured in a total of 490 adults (46±16 years, 40% of males), who underwent an annual health check. Demographic, anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics were recorded, while adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated through the MedDietScore (0-55)...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022684/legionellosis-a-walk-through-to-identification-of-the-source-of-infection
#4
Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Vassilios Sandalakis, Maria Keramarou, Yannis Tselentis, Anna Psaroulaki
OBJECTIVES: Although a number of human Legionnaires' disease in tourists are recorded annually in Europe, there are few cases where a direct link can be made between the infected person and the source of infection (hotel or other accommodation). We present a scheme followed in order to track down and identify the source of infection in a tourist suffering from L. pneumophila sg 5 infection, who was accommodated in seven different hotels during his holidays in the island of Crete, and we comment on various difficulties and draw-backs of the process...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022683/national-laboratory-surveillance-of-influenza-in-macedonia-during-four-seasons
#5
Golubinka Bosevska, Vladimir Mikik, Irena Kondova Topuzovska, Nikola Panovski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to comprehend results of the influenza lab surveillance system in the Republic of Macedonia after the 2009 pandemic and to determine the main characteristics of four consecutive epidemic seasons (from 2010/2011 until 2013/2014). METHODS: As part of the universal surveillance system, nasal and throat specimens were collected from patients. After extraction of RNA, the CDC real-time RT-PCR assays for the detection of influenza types and subtypes were performed...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022682/self-reported-health-status-predicting-resilience-and-burnout-in-longitudinal-study
#6
Iva Šolcová, Vladimír Kebza, Miloslav Kodl, Věra Kernová
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the links between health-related indicators, adult resilience, and burnout. METHOD: The data were collected during two waves of the longitudinal study (in 2004-05, N=98, and 2011-12, N=88, respectively). Health behaviour, self-rated health (SRH), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM) were measured. RESULTS: The comprehensibility of SOC and physical fatigue of SMBM as measured in wave 2 were determined by SRH as measured in wave 1...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022681/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-weight-control-behaviour-in-slovak-adolescents
#7
Martina Bašková, Jana Holubčíková, Tibor Baška
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine body-image dissatisfaction in adolescents aged 13-15 years reporting to be on a diet and to assess gender and age differences in weight-reduction behaviour in Slovak adolescents. METHODS: Data on a representative sample of 2,765 adolescents (mean age 14.37 years) from the Slovak part of Health Behaviour in School Aged Children Study carried out in 2014 were analysed. Self-reported body-image dissatisfaction and engagement in weight-reduction behaviour of 13 to 15-year-old adolescents was assessed using multiple logistic regression models...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022680/patients-risk-of-causing-traffic-violations-and-traffic-accidents-while-driving
#8
Nevenka Šestan, Metoda Dodič Fikfak, Zvone Balantič
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether drivers suffering from epilepsy, chronic alcoholism and/or hazardous drinking, psychoactive substance abuse, other diseases of the nervous system, mental and behavioural disorders, cardiovascular diseases, severe diabetes, and severe eye diseases are at a greater risk of causing traffic accidents and traffic violations than drivers that cause accidents and violations without these diagnoses. METHODS: A case control study was carried out...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022679/brand-awareness-and-access-to-cigarettes-among-children-8-12-years-old-in-the-czech-republic
#9
Jarmila Kučerová, Jiří Rameš, Keely Fraser, Eva Králíková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess smoking behaviour, knowledge of cigarette brands and access to cigarettes among children 8-12 years old in the Czech Republic. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2012, a cross sectional survey was conducted among 4,439 children aged 8-12 years attending 51 primary schools in Prague and Central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Data including age, gender, ever smoking, parental and sibling smoking, knowledge of cigarette brands, sources of cigarettes, and smoking frequency were collected...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022678/exposure-to-psychoactive-compounds-amongst-students-of-medical-university
#10
Krystyna Kowalczuk, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of exposure to psychoactive compounds amongst students of the Medical University of Bialystok. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 504 students selected by means of stratified sampling based on the university faculty, study discipline and year, and participant's gender. RESULTS: Nearly three fourths of our respondents have contact with their student colleagues who use psychoactive compounds, or have heard that such individuals exist...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022677/alcohol-consumption-in-population-aged-25-65-years-living-in-the-metropolis-of-south-moravia-czech-republic
#11
Jindřich Fiala, Ondřej Sochor, Helena Klimusová, Martin Homolka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate alcohol consumption in a representative sample of the population of the city of Brno, as part of research on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey on a sample of 2,160 randomly selected residents 35-65 years old was carried out. For the invited volunteers who became a part of the investigation, alcohol consumption was determined in a controlled, face to face interview structured in accordance with a special questionnaire form...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022676/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-clinically-relevant-or-incidental-finding
#12
Marijana Knežević Praveček, Željka Vuković-Arar, Blaženka Miškić, Irzal Hadžibegović
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine serum concentration of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to assess the prognostic role of serum vitamin D level in ACS patients during 3-year follow up. METHODS: The study included 60 ACS patients hospitalized at cardiology department for ACS between March 2012 and October 2012, and 60 age- and sex-matched control patients without ACS...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022675/the-czech-republic-and-slovakia-in-terms-of-mortality-from-malignant-neoplasms-similar-or-opposite-tendencies
#13
Klára Hulíková Tesárková
In Europe, a steady mortality decline has been observed from the 1950s, however, Central and Eastern Europe underwent a period of stagnation or even worsening from the 1960s to 1980s. Since that time an evident mortality decline could be observed in that part of Europe too. Within the post-communist countries, mortality development has been most favourable in Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The aim of this study is to describe the latest development of cancer mortality in two selected countries - the Czech Republic and Slovakia...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022674/public-health-crisis-the-need-for-primary-prevention-in-failed-and-fragile-states
#14
John Quinn, Preslava Stoeva, Tomáš Zelený, Toozy Nanda, Alžběta Tomanová, Vladimír Bencko
OBJECTIVE: A new 'normal' in global affairs may be erupting from large global powers to that of non-state actors and proxies committing violence through scaled conflict in a post-Westphalian world generating significant global health policy challenges. Health security of populations are multifactorial and indirectly proportional to war, conflict and disaster. Preventing conflict and avoiding the health vacuum that occurs in war and violence may be best practices for policy makers. This paper considers an approach of applying clinical primary prevention principles to global health policy...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752752/trends-in-sexual-behaviour-in-czech-schoolchildren-between-2002-2014
#15
Zlatko Pastor, Petr Weiss, Dagmar Sigmundová
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report on trends in the prevalence in age at first intercourse of Czech schoolchildren and a difference between sexes. METHODS: Prevalence in age at first intercourse of Czech schoolchildren was observed under the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in the years 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. In addition, a random representative sample of children attending 9th grade completed the questions related to sexual behaviour...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752751/trends-in-medically-attended-injuries-in-czech-adolescents
#16
Kwok Ng, Dagmar Sigmundová, Erik Sigmund, Jan Pavelka, Zdeněk Hamřík, Michal Molcho, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: Due to the importance of surveillance of injuries and accidents in the Czech Republic, the purpose of this study was to report the temporal trends of injuries of Czech adolescents between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: Adolescents (N=20,038) from the Czech Republic, that took part in the 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 HBSC study, reported the frequency of medically attended injuries in the past 12 months. Repeated binary logistic regressions with different years as reference categories were performed...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752750/trends-in-children-s-toothbrushing-in-the-czech-republic-from-1994-to-2014-results-of-the-hbsc-study
#17
Jana Vašíčková, Tomáš Hollein, Dagmar Sigmundová, Sisko Honkala, Jan Pavelka, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: Brushing one's teeth twice a day is the main self-care method to prevent the most prevalent non-communicable diseases. The aim of the study is to describe the trends in brushing teeth in 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech children between 1994 and 2014. METHODS: One question about oral health from the HBSC study protocol was used in the six surveys (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014). Altogether, 21,170 answers from boys and girls were analyzed using statistical description and binominal logistic regression...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752749/trends-in-life-satisfaction-and-self-rated-health-in-czech-school-aged-children-hbsc-study
#18
Lenka Hodačová, Eva Hlaváčková, Dagmar Sigmundová, Michal Kalman, Jaroslava Kopčáková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to examine cross-sectional time trends of life satisfaction and self-rated health in a representative sample of Czech children aged 11, 13 and 15 years using the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study data from the Czech Republic. METHODS: Data from survey years 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 was used. The sample consisted of 16,357 participants (48.5% of boys). Life satisfaction (LS) was measured by Cantril's ladder; self-rated health was measured through the simple item "Would you say your health is: excellent, good, fair, poor"...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752748/trends-in-lifetime-cannabis-use-among-czech-school-aged-children-from-2002-to-2014
#19
Ladislav Kážmér, Ladislav Csémy, Ingrid Ružbarská, Jan Pavelka, Zdeněk Hamřík, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine trends in the prevalence of lifetime cannabis use among the Czech 15-year old students. METHODS: Data from the nationally representative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, conducted in the Czech Republic in 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014, were used. Trends in cannabis use among both boys and girls were modelled through binary logistic regression with period as a predictor of the lifetime cannabis use. RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime cannabis use has significantly decreased among young Czechs, particularly among boys...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752747/trends-in-tobacco-smoking-among-czech-school-aged-children-from-1994-to-2014
#20
Ferdinand Salonna, Ladislav Kážmér, Ladislav Csémy, Jana Vašíčková, Anne Hublet, Christiane Stock
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the article is to examine trends in tobacco consumption among the Czech school-age population. METHODS: For the analysis, data from the Czech Health Behaviour in School-aged Children project, conducted between 1994 and 2014 were used. Trends in tobacco smoking were determined separately for boys and girls, applying the binary logistic regression with survey period as an independent variable for the smoking status. RESULTS: The analysis showed that there have been significant changes in adolescent tobacco smoking for the recent 20 years...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
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