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Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937519/vocal-tremor-where-are-we-at
#1
Amanda L Richards
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vocal tremor in movement disorders is often overlooked, although it has a significant impact on quality of life. Careful observation of tremor phenomenology allows for accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: The central pathways associated with various vocal tremor-associated diseases have been further elucidated. SUMMARY: Patients are likely to benefit from a combination of medical and interventional treatments delivered within a multidisciplinary setting...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915135/otolaryngologic-management-of-down-syndrome-patients-what-is-new
#2
Ethan C Bassett, Mary F Musso
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of children with Down syndrome as it pertains to the otolaryngologist continues to evolve. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has dominated the recent literature, but other topics including hearing loss, swallowing, and perioperative considerations are also reported. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of OSA in children with Down syndrome ranges from 57 to 73% in certain cohorts, and, whereas adentonsillectomy can decrease Apnea-Hypopnea Index, up to 80% may have persistent OSA...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914625/editorial
#3
Jacqui Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914624/management-of-type-i-and-type-ii-laryngeal-clefts-controversies-and-evidence
#4
Sarah N Bowe, Christopher J Hartnick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the pediatric Type I and Type II laryngeal cleft literature, paying special attention to recent trends, including evolution of surgical techniques, standardization of outcome assessments, and utilization of management algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: There are a variety of options to choose from whenever considering Type I and Type II cleft repair, including endoscopic repair, transoral robotic surgery, and injection laryngoplasty. Conservative management including feeding therapy and treatment of comorbid medical conditions is recommended prior to repair...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877048/current-opinion-in-otolaryngology-update-on-vascular-injuries-in-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#5
Elisa Illing, Sarah Jo Burgin, Cecelia E Schmalbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary purpose of this chapter is to define current recommendations for vascular work-up of patients with craniomaxillofacial (CMF) trauma with emphasis on imaging to include intraoperative fluorescence, angiography, and surgical exploration. The second goal is to review current management recommendations for observation versus surgical exploration based on the neck zones of injury. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past two decades, endovascular techniques are increasingly utilized, particularly in zones I and III of the neck...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858893/button-battery-ingestion-in-children
#6
Michael J Eliason, Robert L Ricca, Thomas Q Gallagher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the demand for small electronics continues to grow so does the risk of oesophageal ingestion of button batteries. These small but powerful sources of energy are ubiquitous in every household and when swallowed, especially in small children, have been shown to create significant injury in a short amount of time leading to long-term morbidity and possible death. This review highlights the latest findings regarding epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of ingested button batteries...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858892/evaluation-and-management-of-cytomegalovirus-associated-congenital-hearing-loss
#7
Allison M Dobbie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews the current literature related to congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related hearing loss. The discussion will focus on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of human CMV infection as it pertains to hearing loss. Current methods of CMV diagnosis with a focus on the evolving trend toward broader neonatal screening protocols will also be explored. Discussion of medical, surgical, and audiologic management of the condition will also be addressed...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857841/vocal-fold-leukoplakia-incidence-management-and-prevention
#8
Noah P Parker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an update on English-language literature evaluating the current understanding of incidence, management, and prevention of vocal fold leukoplakia focusing on premalignancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have continued to try to elucidate factors influencing recurrence and progression of dysplastic disease, though results vary. Although advanced diagnostic techniques have attempted to predict disease behavior, tissue diagnosis continues to be essential...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857840/voice-rest-after-laryngeal-surgery-what-s-the-evidence
#9
Mami Kaneko, Shigeru Hirano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to review previous research reports and to summarize current strategies for the optimal duration of voice rest and the effect of phonatory stimulation after phonomicrosurgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Voice rest is commonly recommended after laryngeal surgery to prevent worsening of vocal fold injuries. However, there are no established standard protocol for voice rest, and the type and duration of voice rest vary among clinicians. The most effective duration of voice rest is unknown...
August 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759458/pharyngolaryngeal-symptoms-associated-with-thyroid-disease
#10
Inn-Chul Nam, Young-Hak Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review summarizes previous reports on laryngopharyngeal symptoms associated with thyroid disease. This review also includes pharyngolaryngeal symptoms caused by thyroidectomy. However, we focus on pharyngolaryngeal symptoms following uncomplicated thyroidectomy, as this is an important issue in the fields of otolaryngology. RECENT FINDINGS: An enlarged thyroid gland, as in thyroiditis, multinodular goiter, or large nodules, can cause compressive symptoms...
July 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719395/closing-the-gap-in-cochlear-implant-access-for-african-americans-a-story-of-outreach-and-collaboration-by-our-cochlear-implant-program
#11
Sheree Sims, Lisa Houston, Ivy Schweinzger, Ravi N Samy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minorities often lag behind in hearing loss evaluation and treatment. Our cochlear implant program aimed to identify the socioeconomic and cultural barriers that prevented our African-American cochlear implant candidates from seeking help for their hearing loss, specifically cochlear implant surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Our pilot study surveyed 11 African-Americans with cochlear implants and identified obstacles that included patient-physician mistrust, social stigma, financial cost, and lack of education about the devices and procedures...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708636/the-impact-of-hearing-loss-on-society-in-general-an-underappreciated-problem
#12
Ravi N Samy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708635/the-management-of-pediatric-hearing-loss-caused-by-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#13
Nguyen S Pham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a condition in which auditory testing reveals normal otoacoustic emissions, but auditory brainstem testing is abnormal or absent and speech discrimination is poor. This constellation of findings ostensibly suggests that the cochlea is healthy and an abnormality of conduction or processing of sound occurs along the nerve fibers. As more is learned about this condition, it is becoming clear that ANSD describes heterogeneous, distinct clinical entities that must be taken into account when devising treatment modalities...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682821/increasing-access-to-hearing-rehabilitation-for-older-adults
#14
Carrie L Nieman, Frank R Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on the recent research and policy developments affecting the current and future care of the 23 million older Americans with untreated hearing loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing evidence supports the association of age-related hearing loss with significant negative outcomes that affect the ability of older adults to age well. Despite an evolving understanding of the role hearing loss plays in the well being and vitality of older adults, the vast majority of older adults go untreated and hearing health care disparities exist...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682820/current-assessment-of-newborn-hearing-screening-protocols
#15
Rosario R Ricalde, Charlotte M Chiong, Patrick John P Labra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this article is to assess current newborn hearing screening protocols. We will focus on technologies or modalities used, protocol steps, training of screeners, timing of first screen, and loss to follow-up. A summary of program reports focusing on protocols from Greece, China, South Africa, France, Spain, South Korea, Denmark, Italy, Turkey, Taiwan, South Korea, Poland and Iran as they are recently reported will also be presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Community-based hearing screening programs in South Africa and efforts in the Asian region are being reported...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678066/hearing-health-access-in-developing-countries
#16
Michael S Harris, Edward E Dodson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The developing world carries a disproportionate burden of hearing loss. Individuals with hearing loss in austere settings worldwide are also potentially impacted by their impairment to a greater extent owing to underdeveloped or nonexistent hearing health infrastructure. The purpose of this review is to examine the state of the literature on hearing health access in developing countries and identify areas for improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last 10 years progress has been made in some areas, whereas other aspects of hearing health in developing countries have changed very little...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665808/disparities-in-access-to-pediatric-hearing-health-care
#17
Matthew L Bush, Michael R Kaufman, Beth N McNulty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are significant disparities in care facing children with hearing loss. The objective of this review is to assess the current disparities in pediatric hearing healthcare delivery, describe the barriers of efficient and effective pediatric hearing health care, and explore the innovations to improve pediatric hearing healthcare delivery. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with hearing loss from certain geographic regions or ethnic background are significantly delayed in diagnosis and treatment...
June 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661962/brain-changes-associated-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#18
Justin S Golub
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss brain changes associated with age-related hearing loss (ARHL), including cognitive abilities and neuroimaging findings. This information will be helpful to hypothesize and ultimately understand how ARHL may be mechanistically related to changes in brain structure and function. It will also be helpful to guide the strength of treatment recommendations. RECENT FINDINGS: ARHL has recently been associated with cognitive impairment and dementia...
June 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857892/evaluation-and-management-of-cytomegalovirus-associated-congenital-hearing-loss
#19
Allison M Dobbie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews the current literature related to congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related hearing loss. The discussion will focus on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of human CMV infection as it pertains to hearing loss. Current methods of CMV diagnosis with a focus on the evolving trend toward broader neonatal screening protocols will also be explored. Discussion of medical, surgical, and audiologic management of the condition will also be addressed...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857891/editorial-introductions
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
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