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Medical Problems of Performing Artists

Ross Armstrong, Christopher M Brogden, Debbie Milner, Debbie Norris, Matt Greig
OBJECTIVE: Dance is associated with a high risk of injury, with fatigue identified as a contributing factor. Functional movement screening (FMS) has been used to identify alterations in normal movement which may contribute to injury risk, though this test is not normally performed in a fatigued state. The aim of this study was to determine whether fatigue induced by the dance aerobic fitness test (DAFT) results in changes in FMS scores with implications for performance and injury risk...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Miguel P Clemente, Joaquim G Mendes, Ricardo Vardasca, Afonso P Ferreira, José M Amarante
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the morphological and functional aspects of an English horn player, who presented at a dental appointment with temporomandibular disorder (TMD), using the "combined acquisition method of image and signal technique" (CAMIST) in the diagnosis. METHODS: Cephalometric analysis was obtained after carrying out three lateral cephalograms using a standardized radiographic technique. The first one was taken with the teeth in the normal occlusion and the lips relaxed, the second with the oboe embouchure, and the last was performed with the English horn...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Matthew A Wyon, Julie Harris, Faye Adams, Ross Cloak, Francis A Clarke, Janine Bryant
AIMS: Dancers need to constantly maintain and develop their physiological capabilities to support their performances. Previously these physiological demands have been investigated only in traditional dance styles such as ballet and modern. The aim of this study was to examine the physiological demands of two types of hip-hop: new style and break dance. METHODS: Nine female new style dancers (age 20±6 yrs, height 163.5±1.4 cm, mass 55.8±22 kg) and 9 male break dancers (age 23±4...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Karen Anne Lonsdale, Fariba H Abadi
While numerous studies have investigated associations between Ramadan fasting and sports performance, as well as general health, little is known about the experiences of musicians who play while fasting. This exploratory case study aimed to gain a better understanding of the experiences of tertiary-level woodwind players who practice, rehearse, and perform while fasting. Sixteen undergraduate woodwind players from two Malaysian university music faculties completed an 11-item questionnaire, as well as a 7-day food and playing diary, which formed the basis for a semi-structured interview...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Kevin Price, Alan Hd Watson
AIMS: Though ergonomic supports are widely used for many groups of instruments, they are rare for brass instruments, despite the instruments' considerable weight. Musculoskeletal injury and postural problems are common among this group, and so, both adult and young players are likely to benefit from supports that reduce the load placed on the body. This study assessed the effects on postural muscle activity of a recently developed range of supports (Ergobrass) that use a rod to transfer the weight of the instrument to a harness or to the chair or floor...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Nobuo Yasuda, Shuto Ito
OBJECTIVE: Marching band musicians often endure prolonged daily practices in warm-hot outdoor environments. Evaluation of hydration status by instrument position can shed light on health-related issues for these performers. The objective of this study was: a) to determine the effects of playing position on hydration status based on urinary biomarkers (urinary specific gravity and urinary osmolality) before and after marching band practice, and b) to evaluate the relation of hydration status with body mass change and fluid consumption for all playing positions...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Nikolaus Ballenberger, Dirk Möller, Christoff Zalpour
AIM: In this prospective longitudinal study, the physical and psychological health status of music students is assessed at the beginning of their university music study and tracked over time. Analysis strategies and interim results from the first-year cohort, including 1-year incidences, monthly prevalences, and predictors of developing musculoskeletal health complaints (MHC), are presented. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study is calculated to enlist a total sample of 370 participants, including musicians and non-musicians, over 5 years...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Demet Tekin, Ani Agopyan, Gul Baltaci
Kinesio tape and proprioceptive exercises are both used for increasing balance in dancers. The purposes of this study were to: a) determine the acute effect of kinesio tape (KT) application on the ankle joint on balance performance, b) investigate the effects of an 8-week proprioceptive-neuromuscular (PN) training program on balance performance, and c) compare their effects vs modern dance technique classes alone. Thirty-three trained, university-level modern dance students (9 male, 24 female) were divided randomly into three groups: kinesio tape (KT, n=11), proprioceptive-neuromuscular (PN, n=11), or control (n=11)...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Dirk Möller, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Bronwen Ackermann, Christoff Zalpour
BACKGROUND: Muscle fatigue seems to be a risk factor in the development of performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) in musicians, but it is unclear how muscle activity characteristics change between musicians with and without PRMDs over a prolonged playing period. PURPOSE: To investigate muscle activity patterns in muscles of the arms, shoulder, and back of high string musicians during prolonged performance. METHODS: Fifteen professional or university high string musicians were divided into PRMD and non-PRMD groups...
September 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Bronwen J Ackermann
In recent years, across all health care disciplines, the higher quality and volume of specific literature on health issues pertaining to performing artists are allowing ever more specialised and targeted evidence-informed interventions to be delivered. Whether performing artists recognise the new-found knowledge as well as the growth in training and domain-specific expertise of certain dedicated health professionals is unclear. Developing and maintaining good communication and the establishment of trust between performing artists, educators, and health professionals is crucial to facilitate better management of injuries in performing artists...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Ashley M Enke, Gail A Poskey
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular re-education programs on reducing abnormal movements during instrument play in musicians with focal hand dystonia (FHD). METHODS: A systematic literature search of published articles was performed. Databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Library. Additional articles were identified from reference lists. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were independently assessed by the two coauthors for eligibility and quality of methods...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Kári Árnason, Kristín Briem, Árni Árnason
BACKGROUND: Studies show a high cumulative prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among musicians. Increased emphasis is needed on studying the effectiveness of education and prevention courses in music schools. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on music students of an education and prevention course on body awareness and their attitude toward health and prevention. METHODS: 23 music students participated in this prospective descriptive comparative study, with 13 students taking the course and serving as a prevention education group (PG) and 10 students serving as a comparison group (CG)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Lloyd Berg, Benjamin King, Jessica Koenig, Roger L McRoberts
OBJECTIVE: Popular (i.e., nonclassical) musicians have higher rates of mental health disorders and mental health service utilization than the general population. Little is known, however, about how popular musicians perceive mental health interventions in terms of overall satisfaction and therapeutic benefit. METHODS: An online client satisfaction survey was sent to all musicians and family members who received mental health services through a nonprofit mental health organization in Austin, Texas, between July 2014 and June 2015 (n=628)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Onur Topoğlu, Derya Karagülle, Tuba U Keskin, Filiz Abacigil, Pinar Okyay
AIMS: This study assessed the general health, music performance anxiety (MPA), and coping methods of musicians working in six state orchestras in Turkey. METHODS: All musicians working in the state symphony orchestras (n=384) were invited to participate in the study. In face-to-face interviews, the authors administered a questionnaire, which consisted of five sections: sociodemographic information, history of musical performance, health status, general health questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), and MPA scale...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Tina J Wang, Jeffrey A Russell
BACKGROUND: Dance is a rigorous art form and athletic activity accompanied by a high injury rate. The purpose of this study was to gather injury and healthcare availability information from university dancers to better understand dancers' access to professional medical attention and their satisfaction with the medical advice they receive. METHODS: An author-designed online questionnaire about dance-related injury (DRI), access to healthcare, and satisfaction with healthcare was distributed to dancers at 102 American post-secondary institutions in 2 states that offer programs in dance; 211 dancers completed the survey...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Bertil Lundborg, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten
BACKGROUND: Many professional musicians report performance- related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). Evidence shows that resistance training programs are preventive for musculoskeletal disorders, but only a few studies have been performed among musicians. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a functional resistance training program can increase isometric back endurance and isometric strength in the neck, shoulder, and wrist for professional string musicians and affect their perceived performance during instrumental play, as well as their muscle and joint mobility and the occurrence and intensity of pain...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Ani Agopyan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bilateral isokinetic knee extensor and flexor muscle strength relative to hamstring flexibility in female modern dancers. METHODS: 20 trained university-level female modern dance students (mean age 23.8±3.8 yrs) volunteered for the study. Concentric isokinetic peak torque (PT, in Nm), peak torque % of body weight (PT%BW, in Nm/kg), and total work (TW, in J) of the knee extensor and flexor muscles for each leg were measured with a dynamometer at a velocity of 60, 180, and 300°/s...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Gregory S Farnell, Valerie J Williams, Bristin Bogda
INTRODUCTION: The bone mineral density (BMD) status of dancers is currently unknown. Some research indicates that female dancers have no difference or higher BMD than non-dancers. Other evidence indicates they have lower BMD, predisposing them to osteoporosis and fractures later in life. These differences among studies may be due to differences in dancer type, age, level, and lack of control of confounding variables. Few studies have been completed on college-level dancers. PURPOSE: To evaluate BMD in female college-level dance majors...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi R Hamedon
Musicians are prone to performance injuries due to the nature of musical practice, and classical pianists are among the groups at high risk for playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). With the growing number of classical pianists in Malaysia, this study aimed to investigate the proportion of PRMDs occurring among classical piano students in tertiary institutions in Malaysia. Associations between gender, practice habits, diet, sports involvement, and PRMD were investigated. A survey was conducted among classical piano students (n=192) at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Annemiek Tiemens, Rogier M van Rijn, Matthew A Wyon, Emma Redding, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether movement quality has influence on heart rate (HR) frequency during the dance-specific aerobic fitness test (DAFT). METHODS: Thirteen contemporary university dance students (age 19 ± 1.46 yrs) underwent two trials performing the DAFT while wearing a Polar HR monitor (Kempele, Finland). During the first trial, dancers were asked to perform the movements as if they were performing on stage, whereas during the second trial, standardized verbal instructions were given to reduce the quality of movement (e...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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