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Medical Problems of Performing Artists

Ashley M Enke, Gail A Poskey
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular re-education programs on reducing abnormal movements during instrument play in musicians with focal hand dystonia (FHD). METHODS: A systematic literature search of published articles was performed. Databases searched included MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Library. Additional articles were identified from reference lists. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were independently assessed by the two coauthors for eligibility and quality of methods...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Kári Árnason, Kristín Briem, Árni Árnason
BACKGROUND: Studies show a high cumulative prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among musicians. Increased emphasis is needed on studying the effectiveness of education and prevention courses in music schools. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on music students of an education and prevention course on body awareness and their attitude toward health and prevention. METHODS: 23 music students participated in this prospective descriptive comparative study, with 13 students taking the course and serving as a prevention education group (PG) and 10 students serving as a comparison group (CG)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Lloyd Berg, Benjamin King, Jessica Koenig, Roger L McRoberts
OBJECTIVE: Popular (i.e., nonclassical) musicians have higher rates of mental health disorders and mental health service utilization than the general population. Little is known, however, about how popular musicians perceive mental health interventions in terms of overall satisfaction and therapeutic benefit. METHODS: An online client satisfaction survey was sent to all musicians and family members who received mental health services through a nonprofit mental health organization in Austin, Texas, between July 2014 and June 2015 (n=628)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Onur Topoğlu, Derya Karagülle, Tuba U Keskin, Filiz Abacigil, Pinar Okyay
AIMS: This study assessed the general health, music performance anxiety (MPA), and coping methods of musicians working in six state orchestras in Turkey. METHODS: All musicians working in the state symphony orchestras (n=384) were invited to participate in the study. In face-to-face interviews, the authors administered a questionnaire, which consisted of five sections: sociodemographic information, history of musical performance, health status, general health questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), and MPA scale...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Tina J Wang, Jeffrey A Russell
BACKGROUND: Dance is a rigorous art form and athletic activity accompanied by a high injury rate. The purpose of this study was to gather injury and healthcare availability information from university dancers to better understand dancers' access to professional medical attention and their satisfaction with the medical advice they receive. METHODS: An author-designed online questionnaire about dance-related injury (DRI), access to healthcare, and satisfaction with healthcare was distributed to dancers at 102 American post-secondary institutions in 2 states that offer programs in dance; 211 dancers completed the survey...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Bertil Lundborg, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten
BACKGROUND: Many professional musicians report performance- related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). Evidence shows that resistance training programs are preventive for musculoskeletal disorders, but only a few studies have been performed among musicians. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a functional resistance training program can increase isometric back endurance and isometric strength in the neck, shoulder, and wrist for professional string musicians and affect their perceived performance during instrumental play, as well as their muscle and joint mobility and the occurrence and intensity of pain...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Ani Agopyan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bilateral isokinetic knee extensor and flexor muscle strength relative to hamstring flexibility in female modern dancers. METHODS: 20 trained university-level female modern dance students (mean age 23.8±3.8 yrs) volunteered for the study. Concentric isokinetic peak torque (PT, in Nm), peak torque % of body weight (PT%BW, in Nm/kg), and total work (TW, in J) of the knee extensor and flexor muscles for each leg were measured with a dynamometer at a velocity of 60, 180, and 300°/s...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Gregory S Farnell, Valerie J Williams, Bristin Bogda
INTRODUCTION: The bone mineral density (BMD) status of dancers is currently unknown. Some research indicates that female dancers have no difference or higher BMD than non-dancers. Other evidence indicates they have lower BMD, predisposing them to osteoporosis and fractures later in life. These differences among studies may be due to differences in dancer type, age, level, and lack of control of confounding variables. Few studies have been completed on college-level dancers. PURPOSE: To evaluate BMD in female college-level dance majors...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi R Hamedon
Musicians are prone to performance injuries due to the nature of musical practice, and classical pianists are among the groups at high risk for playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). With the growing number of classical pianists in Malaysia, this study aimed to investigate the proportion of PRMDs occurring among classical piano students in tertiary institutions in Malaysia. Associations between gender, practice habits, diet, sports involvement, and PRMD were investigated. A survey was conducted among classical piano students (n=192) at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Annemiek Tiemens, Rogier M van Rijn, Matthew A Wyon, Emma Redding, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether movement quality has influence on heart rate (HR) frequency during the dance-specific aerobic fitness test (DAFT). METHODS: Thirteen contemporary university dance students (age 19 ± 1.46 yrs) underwent two trials performing the DAFT while wearing a Polar HR monitor (Kempele, Finland). During the first trial, dancers were asked to perform the movements as if they were performing on stage, whereas during the second trial, standardized verbal instructions were given to reduce the quality of movement (e...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Bronwen J Ackermann
Having a lifelong career as a professional performing artist carries both challenges and benefits across different body systems. Pushing one's body to the limits results in a higher risk of suffering from some kind of episode of overload, whether it be physical or psychological. Indeed, a sudden increase in playing load (overtraining) is linked with increased frequency and intensity of pain or performance-related musculoskeletal disorders in both dance and music student populations. In this issue, research highlights this across the lifespan and in different genres of performing arts, including Irish fiddlers...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Heike Schemmann, Nadine Rensing, Christoff Zalpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify and systematically categorize musculoskeletal assessments used in quantitatively based studies about posture and movement in musicians playing high string instruments (violin, viola) in order to inform further research and help to identify gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases Cochrane, CINAHL, and PubMed as well as the journal Medical Problems of Performing Artists...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Mark Porter, Iseult M Wilson, Liz Doherty, Justin Magee
BACKGROUND: The literature related to playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) primarily includes classical musicians and instrument-specific studies. Previous work by our team identified that PRMDs are an issue for Irish traditional fiddle players; however, the extent of the problem was not known. OBJECTIVE: To identify the type and extent of PRMDs in the Irish traditional music population, specifically fiddle players. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered to faculty and students related to all Irish traditional music courses in all higher education institutions in Ireland...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Dianna T Kenny, Tim Driscoll, Bronwen J Ackermann
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological demands of playing a musical instrument are likely to be affected by age-related decline in function, including physical, cognitive, psychological, and organ-related changes. However, the complex neurophysiological demands of playing a musical instrument may delay many normal aging-related changes. AIM: This study compared professional classical musicians of different ages, using a range of physical and psychological measures, to discover how increasing age might affect work performance and to identify possible risk and protective factors for physical and psychological health as the musicians age...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Christos I Ioannou, Julia Hafer, André Lee, Eckart Altenmüller
OBJECTIVES: Playing-related pain (PRP) is a common problem among music students. We retrospectively assessed epidemiological factors that contributed to the manifestation of PRP and evaluated the efficacy of treatment methods used by affected music students. The long-term course of PRP symptoms was also examined, along with current (today) levels of trait anxieties. METHODS: Demographic and epidemiological data of 186 music students who visited the musicians' outpatient clinic over a 5-year period were retrieved...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Monica Sharma, Shibili Nuhmani, Deepti Wardhan, Qassim I Muaidi
OBJECTIVE: This study compared lower limb muscle flexibility between amateur and trained female Bharatanatyam dancers and nondancers. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 105 healthy female volunteers, with 70 female Bharatanatyam dancers (35 trained, 35 amateurs) and 35 controls, with a mean (±SD) age of 16.2±1.04 yrs, height 155.05±4.30 cm, and weight 54.54±2.77 kg. Participants were assessed for range of motion (ROM) in hip flexion, hip extension, hip abduction and adduction, hip external rotation, hip internal rotation, knee flexion, knee extension, ankle dorsiflexion (DF), and ankle plantar flexion (PF) by using a standardized goniometer...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Hayley M White, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
Injuries are common among dancers and may negatively affect health-related quality of life (HRQL). The modified Disablement in the Physically Active Scale (mDPA) is a generic patient-reported outcome instrument that could be used when providing care to patients participating in performing arts. The objective of this pilot study was to examine the internal consistency of the mDPA and assess overall HRQL using the mDPA in university dance students. Thirty-one female university dance students completed the mDPA during one data collection session...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Judith Robitaille, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Manon Guay
BACKGROUND: During their training, musicians must develop good work habits that they will carry on throughout their professional career in order to avoid potential chronic health problems, such as musculoskeletal pain. The effect of sudden changes in instrument playing-time on the development of playing-related musculoskeletal pain (PRMP) has not been thoroughly investigated in music students playing bowed string instruments (BSI), even though they are regularly exposed to such changes to perfect their playing skills...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
José Cr Glória, Amanda A Balestra, Nayara S Iasbik, Dhelfeson W Douglas-de-Oliveira, Olga D Flecha, Patricia F Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify the prevalence of orofacial changes and factors associated with the frequent playing of wind instruments by musicians in Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 40 professional musicians who played wind instruments. The musicians filled out questionnaires about their habits and musical career. The Research Diagnostic Criteria were applied to investigate temporomandibular disorders...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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