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Medical Problems of Performing Artists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231957/eating-disorders-in-non-dance-performing-artists-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Marianna E Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: Previous literature on dancers and athletes has shown a large impact of eating disorders (EDs) on these individuals, but there is limited research on EDs affecting non-dance performing artists (i.e., musicians, actors, etc.). This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the literature on EDs in non-dance performing artists. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on 24 databases, using search terms related to EDs and non-dance performing artists...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#3
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#4
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231954/movements-of-the-tongue-during-lip-trills-in-horn-players-real-time-mri-insights
#5
Peter W Iltis, Jens Frahm, Dirk Voit, Arun Joseph, Eckart Altenmüller, Aaron Miller
OBJECTIVE: Movements inside the oral cavity during lip trilling in horn-playing are poorly understood and controversial, particularly with respect to pedagogy. Developments in real-time magnetic resonance imaging (RT-MRI) allow representations of oral cavity movement during lip trill performance on a MRI-compatible horn to be recorded and quantified. METHODS: We present RT-MRI data on 11 highly skilled horn players obtained from serial images acquired at acquisition times of 33...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231953/fundamental-tongue-motions-for-trumpet-playing-a-study-using-cine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cine-mri
#6
Hiroko Furuhashi, Toru Chikui, Daisuke Inadomi, Tomoko Shiraishi, Kazunori Yoshiura
OBJECTIVE: Though the motions of structures outside the mouth in trumpet performance have been reported, the dynamics of intraoral structures remain unelucidated. This study explored the tongue's movement in trumpet playing using cine magnetic resonance imaging (cine MRI) and demonstrated the effects of intraoral anatomical structures on changes in pitch and dynamics. METHODS: Cine MRI was applied to 18 trumpet players, who were divided into two groups (7 beginner, 11 advanced) based on their ability to play a certain high note...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231952/musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-finnish-professional-orchestra-musicians
#7
Katriina Viljamaa, Juha Liira, Seppo Kaakkola, Aslak Savolainen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms is high among professional musicians (73-88%). AIMS: We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in Finnish symphony orchestra musicians. We compared individual instruments as well as the perceived demands of orchestral programs and difficulties in recovering after performances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional questionnaire 920 of 2,785 members of the Finnish Musicians' Union (33%) completed the questionnaire, including 361 full-time members of symphony orchestras...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231951/phonomicrosurgery-in-vocal-fold-nodules-quantification-of-outcomes-in-professional-and-non-professional-voice-users
#8
Philipp P Caffier, Tatjana Salmen, Tatiana Ermakova, Eleanor Forbes, Seo-Rin Ko, Wen Song, Manfred Gross, Tadeus Nawka
There are few data demonstrating the specific extent to which surgical intervention for vocal fold nodules (VFN) improves vocal function in professional (PVU) and non-professional voice users (NVU). The objective of this study was to compare and quantify results after phonomicrosurgery for VFN in these patient groups. METHODS: In a prospective clinical study, surgery was performed via microlaryngoscopy in 37 female patients with chronic VFN manifestations (38±12 yrs, mean±SD). Pre- and postoperative evaluations of treatment efficacy comprised videolaryngostroboscopy, auditory-perceptual voice assessment, voice range profile (VRP), acoustic-aerodynamic analysis, and voice handicap index (VHI-9i)...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988270/musculoskeletal-problems-in-performers
#9
LETTER
David Fielding
The interesting article on musculoskeletal problems in pianists by Moñino et al. in the June issue raises some of the "physician's dilemmas" in their approach to performing arts medicine, in all areas of diagnosis, prevention, and performer education. The authors have been able to transfer the disorders observed in their pianists from the largely unhelpful "PRMD" label to more "objective" categories by giving them an ICD-10 classification. This helps to group them more rationally, but the categories identified for the greater number of problems remain, as might be expected, symptomatic (e...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988269/analysis-of-anteroposterior-spinal-curvatures-in-child-violinists-from-music-schools
#10
Anna Cygańska, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski
Young musicians often report problems with their upper limbs and spine due to their specific and asymmetric positions and actions while playing, which may contribute to overloading these structures. Diagnosing any disorders to the upper limbs or spine early may help to minimize the risk of developing any serious instrument-related health problems in the future. The aim of this study was to assess the anteroposterior (AP) spinal curvatures in children learning to play the violin. Previous studies have shown anthropomorphic differences in young adult musicians, and our study examined if these differences appeared early or late in the musician's career...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988268/epidemiology-of-dance-related-injuries-presenting-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-2000-2013
#11
Amy J Vassallo, Claire Hiller, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Evangelos Pappas
Dance is a popular activity associated with many physical and mental health benefits, but injuries are a concern for all skill levels. Previous studies have focused on professional dancers or particular genres, meaning the population-wide characteristics of injuries is unknown. This study's objective was to identify the incidence and types of dance-related injuries evaluated in emergency departments in the United States over the 14-year period 2000-2013. METHODS: Data were obtained from the nationally representative National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from 2000-2013...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988267/leg-length-in-relation-to-selected-ballet-performance-indicators
#12
C C Karpodini, M A Wyon, N Comoutos, Y Koutedakis
It is unclear whether the modern ballet body stereotype of long limbs is advantageous in dance performance. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between leg-length and selected dance movements representative of power, dexterity, and range of motion in ballet dancers at different competence levels. METHODS: The total of 10 recreational, 24 vocational, and 10 professional ballerinas volunteered. They were subjected to: a) lower limb-length measurements, b) power tests (vertical jump-sautés and unilateral countermovement jump-temps levé), c) dexterity tests (tendus and double battement frappes), and d) flexibility tests (lateral active and passive-développé à la seconde)...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988266/effect-of-arm-position-on-width-of-the-subacromial-space-of-upper-string-musicians
#13
Elliot V Smithson, Elizabeth Reed Smith, Gary McIlvain, Mark K Timmons
OBJECTIVE: Musicians often end their musical career due to musculoskeletal injury. A leading source of shoulder pain in upper string musicians is rotator cuff disease (RCD). Multiple factors contribute to its development. Compressive overload of the soft tissues of the subacromial space resulting from a decrease in the width of the subacromial space has been identified as an extrinsic factor contributing to RCD development. The purpose of this study was to characterize the width of the subacromial space by measuring acromial-humeral distance (AHD) of upper string musicians, while their arms are in standard playing positions...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988265/overuse-injuries-in-professional-anatolian-folk-dancers-a-descriptive-study-verified-with-mri
#14
Neslihan Aksu, Vefa Atansay, Taner Aksu, Şukriye Damla Kara, Safiye Koçulu, Işık Karalök
BACKGROUND: Professional dancers are artists as well as athletes who push their bodies beyond limits for aesthetic expression. Therefore, overuse injuries are common. We present our findings on overuse injuries in Anatolian (Turkish) folk dancers. METHODS: The Fire of Anatolia dance group comprises of 82 dancers (37 male, 45 female) with a mean age of 27.96±5.05 yrs (range 18 to 38). Forty-one dancers from this group presented to our clinic between February 2009 and April 2016 with complaints of pain, and 25 of them had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for verification...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988264/analysis-of-high-density-surface-emg-and-finger-pressure-in-the-left-forearm-of-violin-players-a-feasibility-study
#15
Paolo Cattarello, Roberto Merletti, Francesco Petracca
Wrist and finger flexor muscles of the left hand were evaluated using high-density surface EMG (HDsEMG) in 17 violin players. Pressure sensors also were mounted below the second string of the violin to evaluate, simultaneously, finger pressure. Electrode grid size was 110x70 mm (12x8 electrodes with interelectrode distance=10 mm and Ø=3 mm). The study objective was to observe the activation patterns of these muscles while the violinists sequentially played four notes--SI (B), DO# (C#), RE (D), MI (E)--at 2 bows/s (one bow up in 0...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988263/reducing-risk-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-collegiate-music-ensembles-using-ambient-technology
#16
Jason Powell, Kris Chesky
Student musicians are at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) as they develop skills and perform during instructional activities. Studies using longitudinal dosimeter data show that pedagogical procedures and instructor behaviors are highly predictive of NIHL risk, thus implying the need for innovative approaches to increase instructor competency in managing instructional activities without interfering with artistic and academic freedom. Ambient information systems, an emerging trend in human-computer interaction that infuses psychological behavioral theories into technologies, can help construct informative risk-regulating systems...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988262/playing-the-clarinet-influence-of-body-posture-on-muscle-activity-and-sound-quality
#17
V Ae Baadjou, Mdf van Eijsden-Besseling, Jamcf Verbunt, R A de Bie, Rpj Geers, Rjem Smeets, Ham Seelen
Musculoskeletal complaints are highly prevalent in clarinetists and are related to high arm load while playing. It is hypothesized that postural exercise therapy may be used to adapt muscle activity patterns while playing and thus contribute to better sound quality. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body posture, muscle activity, and sound quality in clarinetists while playing the instrument in two different postures, their habitual sitting posture (control, CO) vs an experimental sitting posture (EXP) based on Mensendieck postural exercise therapy, method Samama...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988261/the-sickness-of-stigmas
#18
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
In modern medicine, approaches to healthcare no longer only encompass injury management, but increasingly focus on understanding the performance demands and health risk exposures faced by performing artists. Quantitative and qualitative scientific and health analyses by performing artists, clinicians, educators, and researchers are increasingly helping us to develop effective, targeted, and relevant health promotion and performance optimisation strategies worldwide. While such research increasingly identifies improved methods of preventing and managing potential psychological, audiological, or physical challenges faced by performing artists, we still need to work hard to address very important barriers to implementing appropriate health approaches...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599019/musculoskeletal-problems-in-pianists-and-their-influence-on-professional-activity
#19
María R Ciurana Moñino, Jaume Rosset-Llobet, Luis Cibanal Juan, María D García Manzanares, Juan D Ramos-Pichardo
BACKGROUND: Professional musical performance requires static postures and repetitive movements that may cause musculoskeletal problems in performers. Elite pianists are especially at risk for these disorders, which may cause discomfort but also affect their work. The objective of this study was to describe the most frequent musculoskeletal problems observed in pianists, and to explore the influence of these disorders on their professional activities from the perspective of the pianists themselves...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599018/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-foot-and-ankle-pain-and-injury-in-irish-dance-a-prospective-study
#20
Roisin Cahalan, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle pain/injury (FAPI) is the most common musculoskeletal problem suffered in Irish dancing. A prospective examination of risk factors for FAPI in this cohort has never been performed. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study over 1-year. METHODS: 85 elite adult Irish dancers were screened at baseline for biopsychosocial factors and followed up prospectively each month for 1 year to evaluate FAPI rates and potential risk factors...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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