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Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094777/the-pregnancy-related-beliefs-questionnaire-prbq-an-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-in-perinatal-samples
#1
Dawn M Leach, Philip Terry, Ana V Nikčević
BACKGROUND: Identifying vulnerability to perinatal depression is an important public health issue. Risk factors include general and maternal-specific dysfunctional attitudes. Scales of maternal attitudes have a number of shortcomings. Further, it is not known whether antenatal maternal attitudes predict post-natal depression, independently of general dysfunctional attitudes (GDA). The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Related Beliefs Questionnaire (PRBQ) and to establish, prospectively, the utility of the revised PRBQ in predicting the symptoms of post-natal depression...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057596/the-anaclitic-introjective-depression-assessment-development-and-preliminary-validity-of-an-observer-rated-measure
#2
Felicitas Rost, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: The two-configurations model developed by Blatt and colleagues offers a comprehensive conceptual and empirical framework for understanding depression. This model suggests that depressed patients struggle, at different developmental levels, with issues related to dependency (anaclitic issues) or self-definition (introjective issues), or a combination of both. AIMS: This paper reports three studies on the development and preliminary validation of the Anaclitic-Introjective Depression Assessment, an observer-rated assessment tool of impairments in relatedness and self-definition in clinical depression based on the item pool of the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044807/impaired-emotion-processing-and-a-reduction-in-trust-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder
#3
Maja Erkic, Josef Bailer, Sabrina C Fenske, Stephanie N L Schmidt, Jörg Trojan, Annette Schröder, Peter Kirsch, Daniela Mier
There is accumulating evidence for deficits in the perception and regulation of one's own emotions, as well as the recognition of others' emotions in somatic symptom disorder (SSD). However, investigations of SSD focusing on specific aspects of emotion processing and how these might interact are missing. We included 35 patients with SSD and 35 healthy controls who completed questionnaires on the perception and regulation of their own emotions, as well as experimental investigations of emotion recognition and trust...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034534/corrective-emotional-experience-in-an-integrative-affect-focused-therapy-building-a-preliminary-model-using-task-analysis
#4
Kaori Nakamura, Shigeru Iwakabe
OBJECTIVE: The present study constructed a preliminary process model of corrective emotional experience (CEE) in an integrative affect-focused therapy. METHOD: Task analysis was used to analyse 6 in-session events taken from 6 Japanese clients who worked with an integrative affect-focused therapist. The 6 events included 3 successful CEEs and 3 partially successful CEEs for comparison. RESULTS: A rational-empirical model of CEE was generated, which consisted of two parallel client change processes, intrapersonal change and interpersonal change, and the therapist interventions corresponding to each process...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024226/anger-and-depressive-ruminations-as-predictors-of-dysregulated-behaviours-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Francesca Martino, Gabriele Caselli, Jessica Di Tommaso, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Barbara Valenti, Domenico Berardi, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
BACKGROUND: Anger and depressive ruminations have recently received empirical attention as processes related to borderline personality disorder (BPD). The Emotional Cascade Model (Selby, Anestis, & Joiner, 2008) suggests that negative affect (such as anger and sadness) may trigger rumination, which in turn may increase the duration and extent of negative affect, leading to dysregulated behaviours aimed at reducing such intense and unpleasant emotions. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between emotional dysregulation, anger and depressive ruminations, and their role in predicting dysregulated behaviours (such as aggression and self-harm) in a clinical sample of patients with BPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024130/continuity-between-dsm-5-section-ii-and-section-iii-personality-traits-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#6
Jacqueline Liggett, Martin Sellbom, Bo Bach
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is formally operationalized in Section II of the DSM-5 by a heterogeneous collection of 8 categorical criteria. Section III contains an alternative model operationalizing personality disorders via dimensional personality traits and associated impairment. The extent to which the personality traits used to define OCPD in Section III correspond with the Section II operationalization of the disorder is contested. The current study aims to contribute to the evidence base necessary to solidify the optimal trait profile for this disorder via a more fine-tuned examination of OCPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961352/therapeutic-alliance-in-psychological-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-related-psychoses-a-systematic-review
#7
Lucy Shattock, Katherine Berry, Amy Degnan, Dawn Edge
Therapeutic alliance is a key predictor of therapy outcomes. Alliance may be particularly pertinent for people with schizophrenia as this group often have a history of interpersonal trauma and relationship difficulties including difficult relationships with mental health staff. This review aimed to determine (a) the quality of therapeutic alliance between people with schizophrenia and their therapists; (b) whether alliance predicts therapeutic outcomes; and (c) variables associated with alliance. Databases were searched from inception up to April 2015...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960657/fluctuations-in-alliance-and-use-of-techniques-over-time-a-bidirectional-relation-between-use-of-common-factors-techniques-and-the-development-of-the-working-alliance
#8
Nili Solomonov, Kevin S McCarthy, John R Keefe, Bernard S Gorman, Mark Blanchard, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was twofold: (a) Investigate whether therapists are consistent in their use of therapeutic techniques throughout supportive-expressive therapy (SET) and (b) Examine the bi-directional relation between therapists' use of therapeutic techniques and the working alliance over the course of SET. METHOD: Thirty-seven depressed patients were assigned to 16 weeks of SET as part of a larger randomized clinical trial (Barber, Barrett, Gallop, Rynn, & Rickels, )...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960667/developments-on-committed-action-validity-of-the-caq-8-and-analysis-of-committed-action-s-role-in-depressive-symptomatology-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#9
Inês A Trindade, Joana Marta-Simões, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
Committed action, a process of acceptance and commitment therapy's psychological flexibility model, is considered an understudied construct that currently can only be measured by one instrument, the Committed Action Questionnaire (CAQ-8). This study aims at analysing the psychometric properties of the CAQ-8 in healthy individuals and breast cancer patients. This study also aims to explore the specific meditational role of committed action in the well-established relationship between experiential avoidance and depression symptoms...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960625/exploring-the-paths-between-dysfunctional-attitudes-towards-motherhood-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion
#10
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
Better understanding how cognitive processes operate to influence women's depressive symptoms during the postpartum period is crucial for informing preventive and treatment approaches. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between women's dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood and depressive symptoms, considering the mediating role of negative automatic thoughts and the moderating role of self-compassion. A sample of 387 women in the postpartum period cross-sectionally answered a set of questionnaires to assess dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood, negative automatic thoughts (general and postpartum-specific), depressive symptoms, and self-compassion...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960605/children-s-psychosocial-functioning-and-parents-quality-of-life-in-paediatric-short-stature-the-mediating-role-of-caregiving-stress
#11
Neuza Silva, Monika Bullinger, Rachel Sommer, Anja Rohenkohl, Stefanie Witt, Julia Quitmann
OBJECTIVES: On the basis of the multidimensional model of the caregiving process, this study aimed (a) to compare the levels of quality of life (QoL) and psychological problems of children with short stature and the levels of caregiving stress and QoL of their parents, between diagnostic, treatment, and current height deviation groups, and (b) to examine the direct and indirect links, via caregiving stress, between children's psychosocial functioning and their parents' QoL. METHOD: The sample was collected in 5 European countries and comprised 238 dyads of 8- to 18-year-old children and adolescents with a clinical diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature and one of their parents...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960601/does-an-emotion-focused-two-chair-dialogue-add-to-the-therapeutic-effect-of-the-empathic-attunement-to-affect
#12
Jan Reidar Stiegler, Helge Molde, Elisabeth Schanche
An increasing amount of research suggests that it is beneficial to work explicitly with emotions in psychotherapy. Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) utilizes interventions that are thought to enhance the evocativeness of emotional processing and facilitate explorations of new meaning. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of such an intervention on therapeutic outcome. The intervention, a two-chair dialogue drawn from emotion-focused therapy, was added to the treatment conditions that consisted of empathically following the clients' emotional processes...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924984/body-image-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-validation-of-the-body-investment-scale-in-participants-with-eating-disorders
#13
J H Marco, M Cañabate, J García-Alandete, G Llorca, M Real-López, M Beltrán, S Pérez
The Body Investment Scale (BIS) assesses body image feelings, body care, protection of the body, and comfort in touch, in order to identify and distinguish participants with self-harming and self-destructive tendencies. However, the psychometric properties of the BIS were not analysed in participants diagnosed with eating disorders. The main objective of the present study is to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of the BIS and analyse its psychometric properties in a sample composed of women diagnosed with eating disorders...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891103/does-assimilation-of-problematic-experiences-predict-a-decrease-in-symptom-intensity
#14
Isabel Morais Basto, William B Stiles, Daniel Rijo, João Salgado
The assimilation model describes therapeutic change as an integration of experiences that had previously been problematic, distressing, avoided, or warded off. This study assessed whether assimilation was associated with treatment outcome in a sample of psychotherapeutic treatments for depression. Further, it assessed the direction of the association-whether increasing assimilation predicted decreases in symptom intensity or decreasing symptom intensity predicted increases in assimilation. METHOD: Participants were 22 clients with mild to moderate depression drawn from a clinical trial comparing cognitive behavioral therapy with emotion-focused therapy...
September 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873269/do-therapists-subjective-variables-impact-on-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Vittorio Lingiardi, Laura Muzi, Annalisa Tanzilli, Nicola Carone
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to the general therapist effects in a wide range of clinical settings, little is known about the individual, cross-situational, and therapy-nonspecific variables that impact on the differential effectiveness of clinicians. The current study is a systematic review of the evidence relating to the influence of therapist's subjective characteristics on outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapies. METHOD: A multistage and systematic search of articles published between 1987 and 2017 identified 30 relevant studies, which were organized into 6 areas according to the specific therapist's variable considered...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857350/analysing-phase-progression-in-susan-s-case
#16
Joana F Ferreira, António B Vasco, Michael Basseches, Andreia Santos, João M Ferreira
This study adds a phase-by-phase perspective to the case of Susan, with the aim of better understanding the processes of change in this therapeutic case. A team of 3 raters integrated the sequential phases of the Paradigmatic Complementarity Metamodel with a moment-by-moment tracking method-the Developmental Analysis of Psychotherapy Process method-to analyse this therapeutic process and clarify what happened throughout that may explain phase gains and how the therapist facilitated them. The results suggest that Susan evolved in accordance with the sequence of phases proposed by the Paradigmatic Complementarity Metamodel...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857440/preschool-children-s-response-to-behavioural-parent-training-and-parental-predictors-of-outcome-in-routine-clinical-care
#17
Lianne van der Veen-Mulders, Pieter J Hoekstra, Maaike H Nauta, Barbara J van den Hoofdakker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of behavioral parent training (BPT) for preschool children with disruptive behaviours and to explore parental predictors of response. METHODS: Parents of 68 preschool children, aged between 2.7 and 5.9 years, participated in BPT. We evaluated the changes in children's behaviour after BPT with a one group pretest-posttest design, using a waiting period for a double pretest. Outcome was based on parents' reports of the intensity and number of behaviour problems on the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857393/comparing-the-acceptability-of-a-positive-psychology-intervention-versus-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-depression
#18
Irene Lopez-Gomez, Covadonga Chaves, Gonzalo Hervas, Carmelo Vazquez
There is growing evidence on the efficacy of positive psychology interventions (PPI) to treat clinical disorders. However, very few studies have addressed their acceptability. The present study aimed to analyse 2 key components of acceptability (i.e., client satisfaction and adherence to treatment) of a new PPI programme, the Integrative Positive Psychological Intervention for Depression (IPPI-D), in comparison to a standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme in the treatment of clinical depression...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857366/how-do-women-s-partners-view-perinatal-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#19
Billie Lever Taylor, Jo Billings, Nicola Morant, Sonia Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal mental health difficulties are prevalent among women and can adversely affect their partners too. There is also increasing recognition that a woman's partner can play a vital role in relation to her perinatal mental health and should be supported and involved in decisions about her care. Yet it is unclear how services are experienced by the partners of women with perinatal mental health difficulties. This study aimed to synthesize qualitative evidence of partners' views of perinatal mental health care...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857347/improving-functional-outcome-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-study-on-metacognitive-training
#20
Paula Haffner, Esther Quinlivan, Jana Fiebig, Lene-Marie Sondergeld, Elisa Sophie Strasser, Mazda Adli, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Josef Stamm
BACKGROUND: Effective group psychological interventions in bipolar disorder are rare. In this study, we present "metacognitive training (MCT) for bipolar disorder"-an adaption of a group intervention that has proven effective in other severe psychiatric disorders. MCT is a structured, interactive approach that addresses cognitive biases, social cognition, and self-esteem. In this pilot study, we investigated psychosocial functioning as primary outcome measure, as well as the feasibility of MCT and its acceptance among bipolar patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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