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Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, José Pinto-Gouveia, Ermelindo Peixoto
BACKGROUND: Social experiences have a significant impact on cognitive functioning and appraisals of social interactions. Specifically, recalls of antipathy from parents, submissiveness, and bullying during childhood can have a significant influence on paranoid ideation later in life. METHOD: Multiple hierarchical regression analysis was performed on a sample of 91 patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in remission and active phase, their first-degree relatives (n = 32) and unaffected controls (n = 64)...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Jennifer M Doran, Juan Martín Gómez-Penedo, Jeremy D Safran, Andrés Roussos
The aim of the current study was to design and evaluate a therapist version of the Alliance Negotiation Scale (ANS). The ANS was created in order to operationalize the construct of dyadic negotiation in psychotherapy and to augment existing conceptualizations of the working alliance. The ANS has existed only as a client self-report form since its inception and has demonstrated promise as a psychotherapy process measure. This research intended to develop a complementary therapist self-report version of the measure...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Lynette Roberts, Sophia Kwan
Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more vulnerable to mental health difficulties than the general population, yet there are limited evidence-based treatments available for this group. There has been a growing interest in adapting cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for this population; however, a framework describing how to modify cognitive challenging for a group characterized by cognitive impairment is lacking. The aim of this paper is threefold: (a) to describe how to implement cognitive challenging for adults with ID; (b) to report results from a pilot evaluation of a manualized, modified CBT-ID programme for anxiety; and (c) to compare participants with mild versus moderate ID on post-treatment cognitive challenging competencies...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Julian D Ford, Damion J Grasso, Carolyn A Greene, Michelle Slivinsky, Jason C DeViva
A randomized controlled trial pilot study (; NCT01228539) with N = 31 U.S. male military recent combat veterans with PTSD and severe anger problems was conducted comparing 10-session individual therapy versions of Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy (TARGET) versus prolonged exposure (PE). TARGET had fewer drop-outs than PE (i.e., 29% vs. 64%). At post-test, improvements were found for both interventions in increased emotion regulation and hope, and reduced PTSD symptoms, hostility, experiential avoidance, and mental health problems...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Greg Haggerty, Michelle Stein, Caleb Siefert, Jennifer Zodan, Ashwin Mehra, Kelechi Ogbuji, Jaspreet Sangha, Michael Habib, Samuel J Sinclair, Mark A Blais
The social cognition and object relations scale-global rating method is a clinical rating system assessing 8 domains of self and interpersonal functioning. It can be applied to score numerous forms of narrative data. In this study, we investigate the SCORS-G relationship to measures of alliance and readiness for psychotherapy with an adolescent inpatient sample. Seventy-two psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents were consented and subsequently rated by their individual and group therapist using the SCORS-G...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Tom Grice, Kat Alcock, Katrina Scior
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the incidence of lived experience of mental health problems amongst UK-based trainee clinical psychologists and factors associated with anticipated disclosure for trainees both with and without lived experience. METHODS: A web-based survey comprising the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, an adapted version of the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale, and questions about lived experience and anticipated likelihood of disclosure...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
J E Rhodes, N D O'Neill, P W Nel
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the first-person perspective of psychosis sufferers who survived childhood sexual abuse. METHODS: Interpretative phenomenological analysis was employed to explore the experiences of 7 women with a history of sexual abuse and psychosis. RESULTS: Analysis generated six themes: (a) degradation of self, interlinking shame, guilt, and sometimes disgust; (b) body-self entrapment, experiencing bodily constraint and distortion; (c) a sense of being different to others, involving interpersonal problems; (d) unending struggle and depression, a pervasive sense of defeat; (e) psychotic condemnations and abuse, describing psychotic phenomena related to harm and sexual abuse; and (f) perception of links to the past, the links made from past abuse to current functioning...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Margaret A Bowes, Nuno Ferreira, Mike Henderson
AIM: Although most veterans have a successful transition to civilian life when they leave the military, some struggle to cope and adjust to the demands and challenges of civilian life. This study explores how a variety of psychosocial factors influence veteran adjustment to civilian life in Scotland, UK, and which of these factors predict a poor adjustment. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four veterans across Scotland completed a set of questionnaires that measured veteran adjustment difficulty, quality of life, mental health, stigma, self-stigma, attitude towards help-seeking, likelihood of help-seeking, experiential avoidance, reappraisal and suppression...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Suzan Hassan, Kirsty Bennett, Marc Serfaty
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is commonly used to treat cancer patients with psychological disorders such as depression. There has been little qualitative research exploring the experience of therapists delivering CBT to patients with advanced cancer and long-term health conditions generally. Therapists' views may help identify difficulties in delivering therapy and how these may be overcome. The aim of this study was to inform practice by qualitatively exploring the experiences of therapists delivering CBT to patients with advanced cancer...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Andrea Wyssen, Luka J Debbeler, Andrea H Meyer, Jennifer S Coelho, Nadine Humbel, Kathrin Schuck, Julia Lennertz, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Stephan N Trier, Bettina Isenschmid, Gabriella Milos, Hanspeter Flury, Silvia Schneider, Simone Munsch
Thought-shape fusion (TSF) describes the experience of marked concerns about body weight/shape, feelings of fatness, the perception of weight gain, and the impression of moral wrongdoing after thinking about eating fattening/forbidden foods. This study sets out to evaluate the short version of the TSF trait questionnaire (TSF). The sample consists of 315 healthy control women, 244 women with clinical and subthreshold eating disorders, and 113 women with mixed mental disorders (mixed). The factor structure of the TSF questionnaire was examined using exploratory and subsequent confirmatory factor analyses...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
I V E Carlier, D H Andree Wiltens, Y R van Rood, T van Veen, J Dekker, A M van Hemert
AIM: Somatoform disorders are common and often chronic. It would be helpful to distinguish those patients who are likely to have a positive treatment course from those who are likely to follow a negative course. Such studies of different somatoform disorders are scarce, especially in secondary psychiatric care. This study examined the 6-month treatment course of psychological, physical symptoms, and functioning, and its predictors in a naturalistic sample of secondary psychiatric care outpatients with somatoform disorders...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Niko Flink, Kirsi Honkalampi, Soili M Lehto, Virpi Leppänen, Heimo Viinamäki, Sari Lindeman
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and chronic depression (CD) are common and challenging mental disorders. Maladaptive cognitive schemas have been proposed to increase vulnerability to both disorders. In order to elucidate the role of maladaptive cognitive schemas in BPD and CD, this study compared psychiatric outpatients with BPD (N = 30) and CD (N = 30) in terms of early maladaptive schemas (EMSs). The groups were compared using the Young Schema Questionnaire short form-extended (YSQ-S2-extended) and the 15D health status questionnaire...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
S W Marshall, I P Albery, D Frings
Attachment styles have been shown to be an important predictor of relationship quality and well-being. They have also been linked with ability to function well in groups. Insecure attachment styles are thought to be an underlying cause of addiction and represent a target for change in one-to-one therapy. How attachment styles themselves affect group therapy for addiction is understudied. The current study addresses this gap by examining the effects of attachment styles on relapse and treatment retention amongst a population of people attending addiction therapy groups...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Henrik Nordahl, Hans M Nordahl, Patrick A Vogel, Adrian Wells
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a major risk factor for developing symptoms of depression. Severity of social anxiety has previously been identified as a risk factor, and cognitive models emphasize dysfunctional schemas and self-processing as the key vulnerability factors underlying general distress in SAD. However, in the metacognitive model, depressive and other symptoms are related to metacognitive beliefs. The aim of this study was therefore to test the relative contribution of metacognitions when controlling for SAD severity and factors postulated in cognitive models...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Sarah Kate Cameron, Jacqui Rodgers, Dave Dagnan
Research consistently provides evidence for the relationship between the therapeutic alliance (TA) and outcome across various therapies and presenting problems. Depression is considered the leading cause of disability worldwide, and there is substantial evidence for the efficacy for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) in its treatment. At present, there is lack of clarity specifically about the relationship between the TA and outcome in CBT for depression. The present review is the first meta-analytic review to explore this relationship and also considering moderators...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Mariëtte van Denderen, Jos de Keijser, Roy Stewart, Paul A Boelen
Homicidally bereaved individuals may experience symptoms of Complicated Grief (CG) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This Randomized Controlled Trial examined the effectiveness of an 8-session treatment encompassing Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) to reduce self-rated CG and PTSD symptoms in 85 Dutch adult homicidally bereaved men and women. We compared changes in symptoms of CG (assessed using the Inventory of Complicated Grief) and PTSD (assessed using the Impact of Event Scale) between an intervention group and a waitlist control group...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Anne Denis, Olivier Luminet
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the impact of cognitive factors on post-partum depression (PPD) symptoms. Because most of the literature data concern the immediate post-partum period or the first year post-partum, we notably sought to assess the longer term impact of cognitive factors on the symptoms of PPD. METHODS: Two studies were performed. In a pilot study, 1-month post-partum, 63 women filled out a sociodemographic information sheet and completed the abbreviated, revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, the Ruminative Responses Scale, the Maternal Self-Report Inventory, and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
We examined the relationship between psychodynamic techniques early in treatment with reliable change in depressive symptomatology. Forty-six patients admitted for individual psychodynamic psychotherapy who received a diagnosis representative of a depressive spectrum disorder were assessed pretreatment and posttreatment through self-report of depressive symptoms. Videotapes from two early treatment sessions (3rd and 9th) were independently rated on the Comparative Psychotherapy Process Scale for use of psychodynamic-interpersonal and cognitive-behavioural techniques, with excellent interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient > ...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Irene Messina, Omar C G Gelo, Marco Sambin, Francesca Bianco, Andrea Mosconi, Antonio Fenelli, Marcello Curto, Salvo Gullo, David Orlinsky
This study presents a pilot contribution to the new collaborative, multinational study of psychotherapy trainee development that was undertaken by the Society for Psychotherapy Research Interest Section on Therapist Training and Development (see Orlinsky, Strauss, Rønnestad, et al., ). Although the main project is longitudinal in design, this preliminary study investigated cross-sectional differences between trainees in different years of training and explored the influence of core training experiences-including supervision and personal therapy-on their perceived development as therapists...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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