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Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326653/the-impact-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-cbasp-versus-escitalopram-in-patients-with-chronic-depression-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Paul Bausch, Thomas Fangmeier, Ingo Zobel, Dieter Schoepf, Sarah Drost, Knut Schnell, Henrik Walter, Mathias Berger, Claus Normann, Elisabeth Schramm
Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been indicated as a predictor of a differential response to antidepressant treatment with psychotherapy compared to medication. In this secondary analysis, we investigated whether the presence of CM results in a differential indication for the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) or escitalopram plus clinical management (ESC). Sixty patients with chronic depression were randomized to either 22 sessions of CBASP or ESC over the course of 8 weeks of acute and 20 weeks of extended treatment at 2 German treatment sites...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295802/cognitive-and-metacognitive-predictors-of-symptom-improvement-following-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Henrik Nordahl, Hans M Nordahl, Odin Hjemdal, Adrian Wells
Cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) based on the Clark and Wells model emphasizes negative beliefs about the social self and self-consciousness as central causal factors. However, Wells' metacognitive model proposes that metacognitive beliefs are central to pathology universally. The relative importance of cognitive and metacognitive beliefs in the treatment of SAD is therefore an important research question. This study examined change in negative cognitive and negative metacognitive beliefs as independent correlates of symptom improvement in 46 SAD patients undergoing evidence-based treatments...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276173/information-order-effects-in-clinical-psychological-diagnoses
#3
Jan Christopher Cwik, Jürgen Margraf
Despite the wide application and long history of diagnostic systems, several sources of diagnostic errors remain in the criterion-based diagnosing of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presentational order of diagnosis-relevant information and pretreatment reports predict diagnostic errors. One hundred twenty psychotherapists participated in the present online study. The study employed a 2 (symptom presentation: core symptoms at vignette's beginning vs. core symptoms at the end of the case vignette) × 2 (pretreatment report: receiving a pretreatment report with an incongruent diagnosis to the case vignette vs...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#4
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224732/pathways-into-psychopathology-modeling-the-effects-of-trait-emotional-intelligence-mindfulness-and-irrational-beliefs-in-a-clinical-sample
#5
K V Petrides, María G Gómez, Juan-Carlos Pérez-González
We investigated possible pathways into mental illness via the combined effects of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), mindfulness, and irrational beliefs. The sample comprised 121 psychiatric outpatients (64.5% males, mean age = 38.8 years) with a variety of formal clinical diagnoses. Psychopathology was operationalized by means of 3 distinct indicators from the Millon Clinical Multi-Axial Inventory (mild pathology, severe pathology, and clinical symptomatology). A structural equation model confirmed significant direct trait EI and mindfulness effects on irrational beliefs and psychopathology...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198068/validation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-cognitive-fusion-questionnaire-a-study-of-the-factorial-validity-and-factorial-invariance-of-the-measure-among-osteoarticular-disease-diabetes-mellitus-obesity-depressive-disorder-and-general-populations
#6
Joana Alexandra Costa, João Marôco, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: The cognitive fusion questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses the extent to which individuals are psychologically entangled with, and dominated by the form-content of their thoughts. The aim of this study was to replicate the factor structure of CFQ in osteoarticular disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, depressive disorder, and normative population. It further examined the factorial invariance of the CFQ across these 5 groups. METHOD: Data from 299 participants (N General Population  = 67, N Osteoarticular Disease  = 73, N Diabetes Mellitus  = 47, N Depressive Disorder  = 45, and N Obesity  = 60) were subjected to confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) to replicate the structural model of CFQ dimensionality...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181374/psychometric-properties-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-treatment-support-measure-tsm-parent-and-youth-form
#8
Maartje A M S van Sonsbeek, Catharina J M Holtmaat, Bea G Tiemens, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Kim de Jong
The Treatment Support Measure (TSM) Parent and Youth were created to help clinicians with actionable feedback when youths are not making sufficient progress in treatment. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch TSM Parent and TSM Youth. Parents (n = 172) and youth (n = 122) were recruited at 2 outpatient mental health care institutions. Children of participating parents (50.6% boys) had a mean age of 11.9 years (SD = 3.46; range 4-18). Participating youth (30.3% boys) had a mean age of 15...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181370/development-and-validation-of-a-new-italian-short-measure-of-disgust-propensity-the-disgust-propensity-questionnaire-dpq
#9
Gabriele Melli, Carlo Chiorri, Eleonora Stopani, Francesco Bulli, Claudia Carraresi
Although a few measures of disgust propensity are available in Italy, most of them take a long time to administer and/or have not shown replicable and sound psychometric properties. In the current study, the authors developed an Italian nine-item self-report measure of disgust propensity (particularly of pathogen disgust)-the Disgust Propensity Questionnaire (DPQ)-to address the limitations of currently available measures. In Study 1, the DPQ was developed through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses from an initial pool of 33 items that were administered to 784 nonclinical participants...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138996/a-qualitative-investigation-in-the-role-of-the-baby-in-recovery-from-postpartum-psychosis
#10
Charlene Plunkett, Sarah Peters, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
Psychosis after childbirth is a rare but severe type of mental health difficulty experienced by perinatal women. Research has explored mothers' experiences of onset and recovery from psychosis after childbirth. This study explored the role of the baby in 12 mothers' experiences of recovery. A thematic analysis of the data identified three core themes that described the role of the baby in the mothers' recovery from psychosis after childbirth. Findings revealed that the baby was central to recovery, experienced by mothers as both helpful and unhelpful...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124512/the-counseling-center-assessment-of-psychological-symptoms-ccaps-62-acceptance-feasibility-and-initial-psychometric-properties-in-a-uk-student-population
#11
Emma Broglia, Abigail Millings, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: The burden and severity of student mental health continue to increase in parallel with increasing financial pressures on students and services alike. There is a need for a student-specific measure of distress that acknowledges their unique context. This study examined the feasibility, acceptance, and initial psychometric properties of a US measure, the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS), in a UK student sample. METHODS: A sample of 294 UK help-seeking students from two universities completed the CCAPS-62 and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE-10) as a comparator...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124459/a-proposed-model-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-linked-to-erik-erikson-s-eight-stages-of-psychosocial-development
#12
Zelda Gillian Knight
Just as Freud used stages of psychosexual development to ground his model of psychoanalysis, it is possible to do the same with Erik Erikson's stages of development with regards to a model of psychodynamic psychotherapy. This paper proposes an eight-stage model of psychodynamic psychotherapy linked to Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Various suggestions are offered. One such suggestion is that as each of Erikson's developmental stages is triggered by a crisis, in therapy it is triggered by the client's search...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#13
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches. BEfree is the first program integrating psychoeducation-, mindfulness-, and compassion-based components for treating women with binge eating and obesity...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124447/indirect-exposure-to-client-trauma-and-the-impact-on-trainee-clinical-psychologists-secondary-traumatic-stress-or-vicarious-traumatization
#14
Rakhee Makadia, Rachel Sabin-Farrell, Graham Turpin
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the relationship between exposure to trauma work and well-being (general psychological distress, trauma symptoms, and disrupted beliefs) in trainee clinical psychologists. It also assessed the contribution of individual and situational factors to well-being. DESIGN: A Web-based survey was employed. METHODS: The survey comprised the General Health Questionnaire, Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale, Trauma and Attachment Belief Scale, Trauma Screening Questionnaire, and specific questions about exposure to trauma work and other individual and situational factors...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093822/the-role-of-guilt-sensitivity-in-ocd-symptom-dimensions
#15
Gabriele Melli, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli, Donatella Marazziti, Antonio Pinto
Although some studies have found that guilt may precede, motivate, or be a consequence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the relationship between guilt and OCD has been under investigated. The studies that explored the role of trait guilt (guilt propensity) in OCD reported inconsistent findings and failed to support its predictive role. Since it has been suggested that OCD patients perceive guilt in a more threatening manner, it might also be relevant to test to what extent they negatively evaluate the experience of guilt (i...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#16
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064469/change-in-self-esteem-predicts-depressive-symptoms-at-follow-up-after-intensive-multimodal-psychotherapy-for-major-depression
#17
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg
Reduced self-esteem is a core symptom of depression, but few studies have investigated within-treatment change of self-esteem as a predictor of long-term outcome in depression. This study investigated change in self-esteem during 8 weeks of multimodal, psychodynamically oriented psychotherapy for 40 depressed patients and tested whether it would predict outcome 6 months after termination. Data was drawn from a randomized clinical pilot trial on day-clinic versus inpatient psychotherapy for depression. Findings supported the association between change in self-esteem and follow-up depression severity, even when controlling for within-treatment symptom change...
January 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923182/validation-of-the-client-diagnostic-questionnaire-to-assess-mental-health-in-south-african-caregivers-of-children
#18
Claude A Mellins, Shuaib Kauchali, Danielle F Nestadt, Dan Bai, Angela Aidala, Nonhlahla Myeza, Murray H Craib, Jane Kvalsvig, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Justin Knox, Stephen Arpadi, Meera Chhagan, Leslie L Davidson
BACKGROUND: Given the high prevalence of mental health (MH) and substance abuse problems in low-to-middle income countries, the scarcity of MH professionals and the negative impact of psychiatric disorders on caregivers of young children, there is significant need for brief evidence-based screening tools for lay counselors to assist with MH assessment. This study aimed to validate a brief screening tool to assess psychiatric and substance use disorders, the Client Diagnostic Questionnaire (CDQ), in South Africa (SA)...
January 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028886/contribution-of-interpersonal-problems-to-eating-disorder-psychopathology-via-negative-affect-in-treatment-seeking-men-and-women-testing-the-validity-of-the-interpersonal-model-in-an-understudied-population
#19
Iryna V Ivanova, Giorgio A Tasca, Geneviève Proulx, Hany Bissasda
Research on the psychosocial correlates and theoretical frameworks of men presenting with eating disorders (ED) psychopathology is limited. This study compared treatment-seeking men and women in terms of their levels of interpersonal functioning (affiliation and dominance), regulation of negative emotions (negative affect and instability) and ED psychopathology. The study also investigated the validity of the interpersonal model of ED in men. Results from the cross-sectional data of 388 participants (137 men and 251 women) demonstrated that the structural models fit and that paths were invariant across men and women...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008691/effects-of-functional-analytic-psychotherapy-therapist-training-on-therapist-factors-among-therapist-trainees-in-singapore-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Shian-Ling Keng, Emma Waddington, Xiangting Bernice Lin, Michelle Su Qing Tan, Clare Henn-Haase, Jonathan W Kanter
Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP) is a behavioral psychotherapy intervention that emphasizes the development of an intimate and intense therapeutic relationship as the vehicle of therapeutic change. Recently, research has provided preliminary support for a FAP therapist training (FAPTT) protocol in enhancing FAP competency. The present study aimed to expand on this research by examining the effects of FAPTT on FAP-specific skills and competencies and a set of broadly desirable therapist qualities (labelled awareness, courage and love in FAPTT) in a sample of therapist trainees in Singapore...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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