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Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315965/do-health-related-factors-predict-major-depression-a-longitudinal-epidemiologic-study
#1
Xiao Chi Zhang, Marcella L Woud, Eni S Becker, Jürgen Margraf
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of global disease burden. Hence, examining the role of risk and protective factors for MDD is an important target in psychological research. Various studies showed that obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption are related to depressive symptoms. In contrast, physical activity has been found to be a protective factor. The present population-based study tested whether these health-related factors are prospectively associated with incidence of MDD. Data were taken from the Dresden Predictor Study, which was designed to investigate risk and protective factors of mental health in young women...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316007/ambivalence-resolution-in-brief-psychotherapy-for-depression
#2
Cátia Braga, António P Ribeiro, Miguel M Gonçalves, João Tiago Oliveira, Alexandra Botelho, Helena Ferreira, Inês Sousa
Ambivalence in the process of psychotherapeutic change should be addressed and resolved if we are to avoid psychotherapeutic failure and promote sustained change. In this context, ambivalence can be defined as the cyclical conflictual relation between two opposed positions of the self: one expressed as an innovation, and a subsequent one expressed in a trivialization or rejection of the innovation (problematic position). This conflict may be resolved in two different ways: (a) the dominance of the innovative position and the consequent inhibition of the problematic one and (b) the negotiation between the innovative and the problematic positions...
January 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314412/coping-thought-suppression-and-perceived-stress-in-currently-depressed-previously-depressed-and-never-depressed-individuals
#3
Jens C Thimm, Catharina E A Wang, Knut Waterloo, Martin Eisemann, Marianne Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that depression is associated with an increase in stressful life events and perceived stress as well as dysfunctional ways of coping with stress. However, knowledge about coping in previously depressed individuals is scant. METHODS: This study compared perceived stress, coping, and thought suppression in a sample of 30 currently depressed, 63 previously depressed, and 42 never depressed individuals. RESULTS: Analysis of variance revealed that previously depressed individuals showed less wishful thinking and thought suppression than the currently depressed individuals, but scored significantly higher on these strategies than the never depressed individuals...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282790/an-evaluation-of-a-specialist-firesetting-treatment-programme-for-male-and-female-mentally-disordered-offenders-the-fip-mo
#4
Nichola Tyler, Theresa A Gannon, Lona Lockerbie, Caoilte Ó Ciardha
Individuals who set deliberate fires are frequently encountered by clinicians working in forensic mental health services. However, little attention has been paid to developing standardised treatment for this behaviour, and few evaluations of treatment have been conducted in forensic mental health services. This study evaluates a new standardised group cognitive behavioural treatment programme for individuals residing in forensic psychiatric hospitals who have engaged in deliberate firesetting (The Firesetting Intervention Programme for Mentally Disordered Offenders; FIP-MO)...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282787/development-and-evaluation-of-the-expressions-of-moral-injury-scale-military-version
#5
Joseph M Currier, Jacob K Farnsworth, Kent D Drescher, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims, David L Albright
There is consensus that military personnel can encounter a far more diverse set of challenges than researchers and clinicians have historically appreciated. Moral injury (MI) represents an emerging construct to capture behavioural, social, and spiritual suffering that may transcend and overlap with mental health diagnoses (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder). The Expressions of Moral Injury Scale-Military Version (EMIS-M) was developed to provide a reliable and valid means for assessing the warning signs of a MI in military populations...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282785/cognitive-factors-and-post-partum-depression-what-is-the-influence-of-general-personality-traits-rumination-maternal-self-esteem-and-alexithymia
#6
Anne Denis, Olivier Luminet
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the impact of cognitive factors on post-partum depression (PPD) symptoms. Because most of the literature data concern the immediate post-partum period or the first year post-partum, we notably sought to assess the longer term impact of cognitive factors on the symptoms of PPD. METHODS: Two studies were performed. In a pilot study, 1-month post-partum, 63 women filled out a sociodemographic information sheet and completed the abbreviated, revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, the Ruminative Responses Scale, the Maternal Self-Report Inventory, and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277973/psychodynamic-technique-early-in-treatment-related-to-outcome-for-depressed-patients
#7
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
We examined the relationship between psychodynamic techniques early in treatment with reliable change in depressive symptomatology. Forty-six patients admitted for individual psychodynamic psychotherapy who received a diagnosis representative of a depressive spectrum disorder were assessed pretreatment and posttreatment through self-report of depressive symptoms. Videotapes from two early treatment sessions (3rd and 9th) were independently rated on the Comparative Psychotherapy Process Scale for use of psychodynamic-interpersonal and cognitive-behavioural techniques, with excellent interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient > ...
December 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277943/trainees-self-evaluation-of-their-development-as-psychotherapists-an-italian-contribution-to-an-international-collaborative-study-on-psychotherapy-training
#8
Irene Messina, Omar C G Gelo, Marco Sambin, Francesca Bianco, Andrea Mosconi, Antonio Fenelli, Marcello Curto, Salvo Gullo, David Orlinsky
This study presents a pilot contribution to the new collaborative, multinational study of psychotherapy trainee development that was undertaken by the Society for Psychotherapy Research Interest Section on Therapist Training and Development (see Orlinsky, Strauss, Rønnestad, et al., ). Although the main project is longitudinal in design, this preliminary study investigated cross-sectional differences between trainees in different years of training and explored the influence of core training experiences-including supervision and personal therapy-on their perceived development as therapists...
December 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271020/pathways-towards-different-long-term-outcomes-after-naturalistic-psychotherapy
#9
Vidar Blokhus Ekroll, Michael Helge Rønnestad
This study suggests some potential pathways leading towards maintained gains or further growth versus deterioration after naturalistic psychotherapy with experienced clinicians. This is explored in a way that transcends specific theoretical orientations. Sixteen therapies, all showing reliable improvement on Outcome Questionnaire 45.2 (OQ-45) at treatment termination but varying in later post-therapy development, were included in this study. Building on previous content and correlational analyses, individual cases were explored qualitatively in search for developmental patterns of potential relevance for long-term outcome...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266639/the-cognitive-behavioural-model-of-hoarding-disorder-evidence-from-clinical-and-non-clinical-cohorts
#10
Michael Kyrios, Christopher Mogan, Richard Moulding, Randy O Frost, Keong Yap, Daniel B Fassnacht
The cognitive-behavioural model of hoarding disorder incorporates information processing difficulties, maladaptive attachment to possessions, erroneous beliefs about the nature of possessions, and mood problems as etiologically significant factors, although developmental experiences such as a compromised early family environment have also been proposed in an augmented model. This study examined the specificity and relevance of variables highlighted in the augmented cognitive-behavioural model. Various clinical participants (n = 89) and community controls (n = 20) were assessed with structured clinical interviews to verify diagnosis...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265698/the-role-of-shame-and-self-compassion-in-psychotherapy-for-narcissistic-personality-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#11
Ueli Kramer, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Kristina B Rohde, Rainer Sachse
This process-outcome study aims at exploring the role of shame, self-compassion, and specific therapeutic interventions in psychotherapy for patients with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). This exploratory study included a total of N = 17 patients with NPD undergoing long-term clarification-oriented psychotherapy. Their mean age was 39 years, and 10 were male. On average, treatments were 64 sessions long (range between 45 and 99). Sessions 25 and 36 were rated using the Classification of Affective Meaning States and the Process-Content-Relationship Scale...
December 19, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251381/inhibitors-and-facilitators-of-compassion-focused-imagery-in-personality-disorder
#12
Iona Naismith, Amanda Mwale, Janet Feigenbaum
BACKGROUND: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has potential to benefit clients with a personality disorder (PD), given the inflated levels of shame and self-criticism in this population. However, clinical observation indicates that clients with PD may find techniques from this approach challenging. AIMS: The aim of this study is to trial one aspect of CFT, compassion-focused imagery (CFI), with this population, and identify factors that predict clients' ability to generate CFI and experience self-compassion during the task, including type of CFI exercise and, second, to establish whether CFI outcomes increase with practice...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226504/metacognitive-beliefs-as-a-predictor-of-health-anxiety-in-a-self-reporting-italian-clinical-sample
#13
Gabriele Melli, Robin Bailey, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli
Research has supported the specific role that anxiety sensitivity, health-related dysfunctional beliefs, and metacognitive beliefs may play in the development and maintenance of health anxiety symptoms. However, the role of metacognitive beliefs in health anxiety has only been explored in analogue samples. The aim of this study was to explore for the first time the association between metacognitive beliefs and health anxiety symptoms in a sample of participants who reported having received a diagnosis of severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) or illness anxiety disorder and test whether these beliefs are significant predictors of health anxiety after controlling for anxiety, depression, anxiety sensitivity, and dysfunctional beliefs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226494/how-does-routinely-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-gambling-disorder-compare-to-gold-standard-clinical-trial
#14
David P Smith, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Peter W Harvey, Malcolm W Battersby
Currently, it is unknown whether treatment outcomes derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for problem gamblers still hold when applied to patients seen in routine practice. Thus, data from an RCT of cognitive therapy versus exposure therapy for problem gambling versus patients of a gambling help service were compared. Assessments of problem gambling severity, psychosocial impairment, and alcohol use were undertaken at baseline and post-treatment and evaluated within a counterfactual framework...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193445/late-adoptions-in-adolescence-can-attachment-and-emotion-regulation-influence-behaviour-problems-a-controlled-study-using-a-moderation-approach
#15
Cecilia Serena Pace, Simona Di Folco, Viviana Guerriero
A growing body of research suggests that, compared to normative adolescence, adoptive adolescence could be considered a specific risk condition characterized by more psychiatric problems, attachment insecurity, and emotional regulation difficulties as consequences of negative experiences in preadoption relationships. The current study explores (a) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between attachment representations (secure, dismissing, preoccupied, and disorganized) and behavioural problems and (b) a moderation model of adoption status on the association between emotion regulation processes (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and behavioural problems...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168607/the-relationship-between-perceived-organisational-threat-and-compassion-for-others-implications-for-the-nhs
#16
Lauren Elizabeth Henshall, Tim Alexander, Philip Molyneux, Eric Gardiner, Ashleigh McLellan
The National Health Service (NHS) is known to be a challenging place to work, with financial and performance targets placing increasing pressure on the organisation. This study aimed to investigate whether these pressures and threats might be detrimental to the quality of care and the compassion that the NHS strives to deliver. Quantitative data were collected via self-report questionnaires from healthcare professionals across 3 NHS trusts in England in order to measure Self-compassion; Compassion for Others; Perceived Organisational Threat; and Perceived Organisational Compassion...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168605/what-psychologists-need-to-know-about-psychotropic-medications
#17
Elena Tomba, Jenny Guidi, Giovanni A Fava
Despite the fact that today most of the patients with psychological disturbances assume some form of psychotropic drug treatment, clinical psychologists may have little familiarity with psychopharmacology and are substantially unaware of subtle and yet pervasive potential effects of medications in clinical presentations. In their training, psychologists are generally exposed, at best, to some general principles of drug action. Standard psychopharmacology textbooks tend to omit the subtle psychological changes that may occur during psychotropic drug treatment...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154502/if-it-is-absurd-then-why-do-you-do-it-the-richer-the-obsessional-experience-the-more-compelling-the-compulsion
#18
Steffen Moritz, Christine Purdon, Lena Jelinek, Brenda Chiang, Marit Hauschildt
Mounting evidence suggests that obsessive intrusions are often accompanied and amplified by perceptual experiences of different modalities (e.g., feeling dirt on one's skin while experiencing intrusive thoughts about contamination). Pilot studies conducted online with individuals endorsing mild obsessive-compulsive symptoms have linked the co-occurrence of perceptual experiences and obsessions to the severity of subsequent compulsive behaviour as well as low insight. However, it is presently unclear whether sensory experiences accompany all types of obsessional thoughts or are restricted to certain preoccupations (e...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148601/convergent-incremental-and-criterion-related-validity-of-multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescents-fears-of-negative-and-positive-evaluation
#19
Jeremy N Karp, Bridget A Makol, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Danielle E Deros, Justin W Weeks, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescents who experience social anxiety tend to hold fears about negative evaluations (e.g., taunting) and may also hold fears about positive evaluations (e.g., praise from a teacher). The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale and Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES) are 2 widely used measures of adults' evaluative concerns. Yet we know little about their psychometric properties when assessing adolescents. In a mixed clinical/community sample of 96 adolescents (66.7% female; M = 14.50 years, SD = 0...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094777/the-pregnancy-related-beliefs-questionnaire-prbq-an-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-in-perinatal-samples
#20
Dawn M Leach, Philip Terry, Ana V Nikčević
BACKGROUND: Identifying vulnerability to perinatal depression is an important public health issue. Risk factors include general and maternal-specific dysfunctional attitudes. Scales of maternal attitudes have a number of shortcomings. Further, it is not known whether antenatal maternal attitudes predict post-natal depression, independently of general dysfunctional attitudes (GDA). The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Related Beliefs Questionnaire (PRBQ) and to establish, prospectively, the utility of the revised PRBQ in predicting the symptoms of post-natal depression...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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