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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Emily Arentson-Lantz, Elfego Galvan, Adam Wacher, Christopher S Fry, Douglas Paddon-Jones
Physical activity in an inpatient setting is often limited to brief periods of walking. For healthy adults, public health agencies recommend a minimum of 150 min/week of moderate intensity exercise. We sought to determine if meeting this activity threshold, in the absence of incidental activities of daily living, could protect skeletal muscle health during bed rest. Healthy older adults (68 ± 2 y) were randomized to 7-days bed rest with (STEP; n=7) or without (CON; n=10) a 2000 step/day intervention. Performing 2018 ± 4 steps/day did not prevent the loss of lean leg mass and had no beneficial effect on aerobic capacity, strength or muscle fiber volume...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Tim Henwood, Sharon Hetherington, Madeleine Purss, Kevin Rouse, Julie Morrow, Michele Smith
Exercise has proven health benefits for older adults independent of age, disability and disease. However, barriers to exercise participation exist, including travel to, and access to, appropriate facilities and programs. Evidence shows that in-home exercise delivered by allied health professionals can improve physical health and prolong independence among individuals with government supported aged care packages. A less costly alternative is program delivery by home care workers. However, effective training for workers and resources to guide the consumer are required...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines, Dianne Goeman
OBJECTIVE: Post-hospital discharge shows increased risk for falls in older people. This pilot study was created to determine feasibility and acceptability of a community-delivered post-hospital multi-factorial program. METHOD: This mixed-method study used randomised controlled design (quantitative component) and interviews (qualitative component). People aged ≥65 years, hospitalised for a fall, underwent assessment for quality of life and falls-related outcomes, followed by interviews, randomisation into intervention (exercise, medication review and education) or control group, and follow-up at 6-months...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino, Hiroyuki Shimada
This study examined the association between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and disability incidence according to sedentary time in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. This prospective cohort study sampled 5104 community-dwelling older adults (≥ 65 years) enrolled in a health promotion study in a general population. The participants (n = 4457, ≥ 65 years) were monitored for inclusion in the long-term care insurance (LTCI) system for 4 years. This study used blood samples to assess eGFR...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Sallie Willcox, Joseph Nicholson
BACKGROUND: A variety of physical interventions have been used to improve reactive balance in older adults. PURPOSE: To summarize the effectiveness of active treatment approaches to improve reactive postural responses in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Systematic Review, guided by PRISMA guidelines. STUDY SELECTION: A literature search included databases of PubMed, OVID, CINAHL,, OTseeker, and PEDro up to December 2017...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Carlos Gutiérrez-García, Mikel Pérez-Gutiérrez, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
This systematic review analyzes the evidence of the effects of physical activity governmental programs oriented towards the health of independent older adults. Medline, Web of Science, PsycINFO and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection databases were used for data mining and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) recommendations were followed. Five studies (n=2,545 participants) fulfilled the established inclusion criteria. The physical activity programs had beneficial effects on the older adults' quality of life, fall risk, activities of daily living, physical activity levels, nutritional risk, body mass index, arterial pressure, resting heart rate, blood glucose, triglycerides and/or cholesterol, but did not significantly alter their body fat mass percentage...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kayla Regan, Felicia White, David Harvey, Laura E Middleton
Exercise and mental stimulation may improve cognition, physical function, and well-being among people with dementia (PWD) and older adults more generally. This study evaluated changes in physical function, physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, and mental well-being with participation in Minds in Motion®, a weekly exercise and mental stimulation program for PWD (n=343) and care partners (n=318). Most physical function measures improved among PWD and care partners (endurance, upper and lower body strength, upper body flexibility, p's≤0...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Natasha Reid, Justin W Keogh, Paul Swinton, Paul A Gardiner, Timothy R Henwood
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in residential aged care residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the short physical performance battery (physical performance). Logistic regression and linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations. For each hour of sitting, the unadjusted odds ratio of sarcopenia was 1...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Samantha M Gray, Joan Wharf Higgins, Ryan E Rhodes
Despite its well-established benefits, physical activity engagement is low in the adult population; evidence suggests that this is especially a concern for women >60 years. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the feasibility of a 6-week randomized control trial of self-determination theory-based dance and walking programs for older women. Primary outcomes were feasibility measures: recruitment, retention, and satisfaction. Secondary outcomes included self-reported physical activity, behavioral regulations, and psychological needs...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Michael Yoerger
Associations of physical function and health-related quality of life in 297 rural women, ages 40-69 years (body mass index of 28-45 kg/m2 ) who met activity criterion were examined using cross-sectional baseline data from the Women Weigh-in for Wellness trial ( NCT01307644). Assessments included demographics, 400-m walk, timed chair stands, and health-related quality of life using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS-29). Women were classified as active if they had ≥500 metabolic equivalent·min/week by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey (n = 103, 34...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff, Alexandra Perrot
This study aimed to investigate if the impact of both recent and long-term physical activity on age-related cognitive decline would be modified by sex. One-hundred thirty-five men (N = 67) and women (N = 68) aged 18 to 80 years completed the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire and the Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire. A composite score of cognitive functions was computed from five experimental tasks. Hierarchical regression analyses performed to test the moderating effect of recent physical activity on age-cognition relationship had not revealed significant result regardless of sex...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hongjun Yu, Andiara Schwingel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and health care expenditures among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a survey on 4,165 older men and women living in major cities in China. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire. Healthcare costs were assessed by self-reported out-of-pocket health care expenditures across outpatient care, inpatient care, medication, and formal caregiver expenses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Susana Carrapatoso, Greet Cardon, Delfien Van Dyck, Joana Carvalho, Freja Gheysen
This study examined the mediating effect of walking on the relationship of social support with vitality and psychological distress. Data from a sample of 2,859 older adults were used. The older adults completed the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey vitality scale, the Global Health Questionnaire, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and a social support attributes questionnaire. All social support variables were positively associated with vitality and negatively associated with psychological distress...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Marina Arkkukangas, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
This study investigated if behavioral factors, treatment with behavioral support, readiness to change, fall self-efficacy, and activity habits could predict long-term adherence to an exercise program. Included in this study were 114 community-dwelling older adults who had participated in one of two home-based exercise interventions. Behavioral factors associated with adherence to the exercise program over 52 weeks were analyzed. The behavioral factors, specifically activity habits at baseline, significantly predicted adherence to the exercise program, with an odds ratio = 3...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Catherine E Tong, Joanie Sims Gould, Heather A McKay
Foreign-born older adults (FBOAs) are at risk for negative health transitions in Canada. Physical activity (PA) enhances health, yet we know very little about the PA habits of FBOAs in Canada. We conducted a mixed-method study in English, Cantonese, Mandarin, Punjabi, and Hindi, with 49 South Asian and Chinese FBOAs in Vancouver, Canada. In total, 49 participants completed surveys; of these 49, 46 wore accelerometers and 18 completed in-depth interviews. Participants' mean daily step count was 7,876 (women: 8,172, men: 7,164, Chinese: 8,291, and South Asian: 7,196)...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Yoav Gimmon, Hisham Rashad, Ilan Kurz, Meir Plotnik, Raziel Riemer, Ronen Debi, Amir Shapiro, Itshak Melzer
Human gait is symmetric and bilaterally coordinated in young healthy persons. In this study, we aimed to explore the differences in bilateral coordination of gait as measured by the phase coordination index (PCI), gait asymmetry, and stride time variability of gait between four age groups. A total of 44 older adults were recruited: nine young-old (age 70-74 years), 26 old (age 75-84 years), nine old-old (>85 years and older), and 13 young adults (age 20-30 years). Subjects walked on a treadmill; walking speed was systematically increased from 0...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Athina Liacos, Angela T Burge, Narelle S Cox, Anne E Holland
Older people with chronic lung diseases and with low physical activity participation rates are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a purpose-designed Internet-based program (ActivOnline) to monitor and encourage exercise and physical activity. Twelve participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchiectasis were recruited (54-84 years). Primary outcome measures were feasibility measured by frequency of program access, and acceptability measured by semistructured interview, system usability scores, and participant perception of benefit...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Airey, Keith Hill
Older people are less likely to engage in strength training than their younger counterparts, despite the substantial benefits of this form of exercise for preventing and addressing age-related physical decline. In many countries, strength training programs are available for older people yet are undersubscribed. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing older people's participation in strength training at gyms and fitness centers to provide insights into potentially effective recruitment and retention strategies for this population...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto, Hidetaka Imagita
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle strength asymmetry and body sway while walking. We studied 63 older adult women. Strong side and weak side of knee extension strength, toe grip strength, hand grip strength, and body sway while walking were measured. The relationship between muscle strength asymmetry for each muscle and body sway while walking was evaluated using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Regarding the muscles recognized to have significant correlation with body sway, the asymmetry cutoff value causing an increased sway was calculated...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Harsh H Buddhadev, Philip E Martin
It is unknown if higher antagonist muscle co-activation is a factor contributing to higher energy cost of cycling in older adults. We determined how age, power output, and cadence affect metabolic cost and lower extremity antagonist muscle co-activation during submaximal cycling. Thirteen young and 12 older male cyclists completed 6-minute trials at four power output-cadence conditions (75W-60rpm, 75W-90rpm, 125W-60rpm, and 125W-90rpm) while electromyography (EMG) and oxygen consumption were measured. Knee and ankle co-activation indices were calculated using vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, gastrocnemius, and tibialis anterior EMG data...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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