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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Angela Devereux-Fitzgerald, Rachael Powell, David P French
Perceptions of time and energy and their role in physical activity engagement were examined in older adults living in lower SES areas. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 participants aged 67-94 years. A thematic framework analysis identified four themes: Time is Energy (older adults conflate time and energy in relation to physical activity); Reduced Day (engaging in activities outside a certain timeframe is deemed unacceptable); Being Given Enough Time (need for time to socialise and go at own pace); and Seasonal Impact (seasonal differences affecting access)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Stephen M Cornish, Jeremie E Chase, Eric M Bugera, Gordon G Giesbrecht
The purpose of this research was to identify if three different intensities of resistance exercise would acutely and differentially effect the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in older men (≥65 years). Eleven older men performed isovolume resistance exercise on six different apparatus at three different intensities (144 reps at 60%, 120 reps at 72% and 108 reps at 80% of 1-repetition maximum), with intensity order randomly allocated, to determine the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in the blood...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Koren L Fisher, Bruce A Reeder, Elizabeth L Harrison, Brenda G Bruner, Nigel L Ashworth, Punam Pahwa, Nazmi Sari, M Suzanne Sheppard, Christopher A Shields, Karen E Chad
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maintenance of physical activity (PA) and health gains among participants in a class-based (CB) or home-based (HB) PA intervention over a 12-month study period. METHODS: 172 adults over age 50 were randomly allocated to either a CB or HB intervention, each involving an intensive 3-month phase with 9 months follow-up. Measures at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months included: self-reported PA and health, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, cardiovascular endurance (6MWT), physical function, and functional fitness (SFT)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kun Liang
The aim of this study is to determine the longitudinal association between age identity and physical functioning among urban Chinese older adults. We conducted secondary data analyses based on a sample of older adults aged 60 years and above who participated in both the 2006 and the 2010 Sample Survey on Aged Population in Urban/Rural China (SSAPUR), which consisted of 5,788 urban community-dwelling older adults. A single-item measure of age identity was used to distinguish between old and youthful age identities (or the feeling of being old or not)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Juliana S Oliveira, Leanne Hassett, Catherine Sherrington, Elisabeth Ramsay, Catherine Kirkham, Shona Manning, Anne Tiedemann
This study aimed to summarise the function-related goals set by older people and to explore gender differences in goal selection, and associations between balance-related goals and fall history, self-rated balance and fear of falling. We included community-dwelling people aged 60+ participating in two randomised controlled trials. Participants nominated two function-related goals, which were summarised into components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Chi-square analyses were used to explore associations between goal types and participant characteristics...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Lewin, Keith Hill
Older people are less likely to engage in strength training than their younger counterparts, despite the substantial benefits of this form of exercise for preventing and addressing age-related physical decline. In many countries, strength training programs are available for older people, yet are undersubscribed. The aim of the present study was to identify the factors influencing older people's participation in strength training at gyms and fitness centers to provide insights into potentially effective recruitment and retention strategies for this population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto, Hidetaka Imagita
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle strength asymmetry and body sway while walking. We studied sixty-three older adult women. Strong side and weak side of knee extension strength, toe grip strength, hand grip strength, and body sway while walking were measured. The relationship between muscle strength asymmetry for each muscle and body sway while walking was evaluated using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Regarding the muscles recognized to have significant correlation with body sway, the asymmetry cut-off value causing an increased sway was calculated...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
N Reid, J W Keogh, P Swinton, P A Gardiner, Timothy Henwood
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in Residential Aged Care (RAC) residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (physical performance). Logistic regression and linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations. For each hour of sitting the unadjusted odds ratio of sarcopenia was 1...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Guillaume R Coudevylle, Shelly Ruart, Olivier Hue, Stéphane Sinnapah
This study tested whether text messages prompting adults over 50 years of age to perform mental imagery would increase Aerobic Physical Activity (APA) duration using a randomized parallel trial design. METHOD: Participants were assigned to an Imagery 1, Imagery 2 or Placebo group. For 4 weeks, each group was exposed to two conditions (morning text message vs. no morning text message). In the morning message condition, the Imagery groups received a text message with the instruction to mentally imagine performing an APA and the Placebo group received a placebo message...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Manon L Dontje, Calum F Leask, Juliet Harvey, Dawn A Skelton, Sebastien F M Chastin
Older adults are recommended to reduce their sedentary time to promote healthy ageing. To develop effective interventions identifying when, why, and how older adults are able to change their sitting habits is important. The aim of this mixed-method study was to improve our understanding of reasons for (breaking) sedentary behavior in older adults. Thirty older adults (74.0 (±5.3) years old, 73% women) were asked about their believed reasons for (breaking) sedentary behavior, and about their actual reasons when looking at a personal storyboard with objective records of activPAL monitor data and time-lapse camera pictures showing all their periods of sedentary time in a day...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Samantha M Gray, Joan Wharf Higgins, Ryan E Rhodes
Despite its well-established benefits, physical activity (PA) engagement is low in the adult population; evidence suggests that this is especially a concern for women > 60 years. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the feasibility of a six-week randomized control trial of Self-Determination Theory-based dance and walking programs for older women. Primary outcomes were feasibility measures: recruitment, retention, and satisfaction. Secondary outcomes included self-reported PA, behavioural regulations, and psychological needs...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Stephanie J Alley, Jannique G Z van Uffelen, Mitch J Duncan, Katrien De Cocker, Stephanie Schoeppe, Amanda L Rebar, Corneel Vandelanotte
This study examined sitting time, knowledge and intentions to change sitting time in older adults. An online survey was completed by 494 Australians aged 65+. Average daily sitting was high (9.0hrs). Daily sitting time was the highest during TV (3.3hrs), computer (2.1hrs) and leisure (1.7hrs). A regression analysis demonstrated that women were more knowledgeable about the health risks of sitting compared to men. The percentage of older adults intending to sit less were the highest for TV (24%), leisure (24%) and computer (19%) sitting time...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Athina Liacos, Angela T Burge, Narelle S Cox, Anne E Holland
Older people with chronic lung diseases with low physical activity participation rates are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a purpose-designed internet-based program (ActivOnline) to monitor and encourage exercise and physical activity. Twelve participants with COPD or bronchiectasis were recruited (54-84 years). Primary outcome measures were feasibility measured by frequency of program access, and acceptability measured by semi-structured interview, system usability scores and participant perception of benefit...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Marina Arkkukangas, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
This study investigated if behavioral factors, treatment with behavioral support, readiness to change, fall self-efficacy and activity habits could predict long-term adherence to an exercise program. Included in this study were 114 community-dwelling older people who had participated in one of two home-based exercise interventions. Behavioral factors associated with adherence to the exercise program over 52 weeks were analyzed. The behavioral factors, specifically activity habits at baseline, significant predicted adherence to the exercise program, with an odds ratio (OR) of 3...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Pedro Lopez, Mikel Izquierdo, Regis Radaelli, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rafael Grazioli, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
In this meta-analysis, we investigated the effect of resistance training (RT) alone, or included in a multimodal training on physical frailty outcomes, and whether different variables of RT prescription affect these outcomes. We identified 15 relevant studies searching through MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, SPORTDiscus and PEDro database. Post-intervention standardized mean difference (SMD) scores were computed, and combined using fixed effects meta-analysis. Analyses have shown positive effects of interventions on maximum strength, gait speed and Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Claire R Jenkin, Rochelle M Eime, Hans Westerbeek, Jannique Gz van Uffelen
Despite the health benefits of sport, the proportion of people participating in sport decreases with age. This qualitative study explored the benefits and barriers regarding older adult community sport participation, from the perspective of National Sporting Organizations, in addition to older adult sport club and non-sport club members, across eight focus group interviews (n = 49). Seven benefits were discussed, primarily social and physical health and intergenerational opportunities. Ten barriers were also discussed, including physical health, time constraints and lack of appropriate playing opportunities...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Michael Yoerger
Associations of physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in 297 rural women, ages 40-69 (BMI of 28-45 kg/m(2)) who met activity criterion were examined using cross-sectional baseline data from the Women Weigh-in for Wellness trial ( NCT01307644). Assessments included demographics, 400-meter walk, timed chair stands and HRQOL using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS-29). Women were classified as active if they had ≥ 500 MET·min·wk(-1) by Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey (n = 103, 34...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Catherine E Tong, Joanie Sims Gould, Heather A McKay
Foreign-born older adults (FBOAs) are at risk for negative health transitions in Canada. Physical activity (PA) enhances health, yet we know very little about the PA habits of FBOAs in Canada. We conducted a mixed-method study, in English, Cantonese, Mandarin, Punjabi and Hindi, with 49 South Asian and Chinese FBOAs in Vancouver, Canada. 49 participants completed surveys; of these 49, 46 wore accelerometers and 18 completed in-depth interviews. Participants' mean daily step count was 7876 (women: 8172, men: 7164, Chinese: 8291, South Asian: 7196)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Susana Carrapatoso, Greet Cardon, Delfien Van Dyck, Joana Carvalho, Freja Gheysen
This study examined the mediating effect of walking on the relationship of social support with vitality and psychological distress. Data from a sample of 2.859 older adults were used. The older adults completed the SF-36 vitality scale, the Global Health Questionnaire, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and a social support attributes questionnaire. All social support variables were positively associated with vitality and negatively associated with psychological distress. Walking mediated the associations of appreciation (3%) and frequency (8%) of social contacts, participation in group activities (19%), closeness from family and friends (8%), concern from people around (6%) with vitality...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff, Alexandra Perrot
This study aimed to investigate if the impact of both recent and long-term physical activity on age-related cognitive decline would be modified by sex. One hundred thirty-five men (N = 67) and women (N = 68) aged 18 to 80 years completed the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire and the Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire. A composite score of cognitive functions was computed from five experimental tasks. Hierarchical regression analyses performed to test the moderating effect of recent physical activity on age-cognition relationship had not revealed significant result regardless of sex...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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