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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290764/twelve-week-exercise-influences-memory-complaint-but-not-memory-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno, Alessandra di Cagno
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different types of exercise on memory performance and memory complaint after 12-week intervention. Eighty community-dwelling volunteers, aged 66.96 ± 11.73 years, were randomly divided into four groups: resistance, cardiovascular, postural and control groups (20 participants for each group). All participants were tested for their cognitive functions before and after their respective 12-weeks intervention using Rey memory words test, Prose memory test, and Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290760/translation-of-fit-strong-for-use-by-hispanics-with-arthritis-a-feasibility-trial-of-%C3%A2-en-forma-y-fuerte
#2
Cheryl Der Ananian, Renae Smith-Ray, Brad Meacham, Amy Shah, Susan Hughes
This study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of translating the evidence-based program, Fit & Strong! into a Spanish program, ¡En Forma y Fuerte!. A single-group, quasi-experimental design (n=34, mean age = 58.8 [8.1], 87.2% Female, 87.2% reported speaking mostly Spanish) was used to assess implementation feasibility and the impact of ¡En Forma y Fuerte! on arthritis-related outcomes in Hispanics with arthritis. Significant improvements in lower-extremity strength, perceived physical function and pain were observed from baseline to 8 weeks (p<0...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290746/virtual-reality-training-with-three-dimensional-video-games-improves-postural-balance-and-lower-extremity-strength-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song, Seungwon Lee
Avatar-based three-dimensional technology is a new approach to improve physical function in older adults. The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional video gaming technology in virtual reality training to improve postural balance and lower extremity strength in a population of community-dwelling older adults. The experimental group participated in the virtual reality training program for 60 minutes, twice a week, for 6 weeks. Both experimental and control groups were given 3 times for falls prevention education at the first, third, and fifth weeks...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253060/effects-of-slipper-features-and-properties-on-walking-and-sit-to-stand-tasks-of-older-women
#4
Wai-Ting Lo, Kit-Lun Yick, Newman Lau, Lok-Tung Tse, Sun-Pui Ng, Joanne Yip
Indoor slippers with a strap across the dorsal forefoot are popular with older women. However, their influence on the foot motion has not been reported. This study evaluated the range of movement in the knee and ankle joints during walking and changes in trunk displacement during sit-to-stand when ten healthy older women worn two types of slippers and in their barefeet. Comparing to barefeet, walking in slippers results in significantly increases in the knee flexion angle in the swing phase. However, there is nonsignificant difference in the ankle angle in any phase across all conditions...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253056/impact-of-walking-cadence-prescription-to-reach-the-global-physical-activity-recommendations-in-older-adults
#5
Jana Slaght, Martin Senechal, Danielle Bouchard
BACKGROUND: Walking cadence is a new monitoring strategy used to increase bouts of time at moderate intensity. METHODS: Inactive older adults were instructed to walk 150 minutes per week at no specified intensity during phase one. In phase two, the intervention group (N = 23) received instructions on how to reach moderate intensity, using a pedometer and an individualized walking cadence, while the control group (N = 22) did not. The main outcomes were time at moderate intensity and moderate intensity in 10-minute bouts...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253049/the-influence-of-a-cognitive-dual-task-on-the-gait-parameters-of-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Erin Smith, Tara Cusack, Caitriona Cunningham, Catherine Blake
This review examines the effect of a dual-task on the gait parameters of older adults with a mean gait speed of 1.0m/s or greater, and the effect of type and complexity of task. A systematic review of Web of Science, PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase and psychINFO was performed in July 2016. Twenty-three studies (twenty-eight data sets) were reviewed and pooled for meta-analysis. The effect size on seven gait parameters was measured as the raw mean difference between single and dual-task performance. Gait speed significantly reduced with the addition of a dual-task, with increasing complexity showing greater decrements...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253047/effects-of-a-community-care-station-program-with-structured-exercise-intervention-on-physical-performance-and-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-2-year-observational-study
#7
Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chen Chizan-Chung, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei, Jia-Ching Chen
The Taiwanese government has developed community care stations (CCSs) for community-based elderly care. We investigated the effects of a structured exercise intervention, applied at CCS for 6 months, on physical performance and balance in community-dwelling older adults, including a 2-year reassessment. Fifty-eight participants (aged 76.9± 6.3 years) participated in the study. The Elderly Mobility Scale, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Timed Up and Go (TUG), gait speed, functional reach, one-leg-stance (OLS) and flexibility were evaluated at baseline, 6 months and 2 years...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181838/physical-activity-questionnaires-do-not-accurately-estimate-fitness-in-older-women
#8
Aurora de Fátima Cabral, Marcelo M Pinheiro, Charlles Hm Castro, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sergio Tufik, Vera L Szejnfeld
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of International Physical Activity Questionnaire - IPAQ and Baecke questionnaire to estimate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in healthy older women. METHODS: One hundred healthy women aged 60 years and older answered the IPAQ and Baecke questionnaires and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test. Six-minute walk (6MWT), Timed up and go (TUG) and handgrip strength test (HST) were also performed. RESULTS: Mean age and body mass index were 68...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181837/effect-of-different-types-of-physical-activity-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Christine E Roberts, Louise H Phillips, Clare L Cooper, Stuart Gray, Julia L Allan
Physical activity is associated with greater independence in old age. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity level and activity type on activities of daily living (ADL). This review systematically analyzed the effects of physical activity level and activity type on ADL in older adults (mean age, 60+). Electronic search methods (up to March 2015) identified 47 relevant, randomized controlled trials. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant, beneficial effects of physical activity on ADL physical performance (SMD = 0...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181836/volume-exercise-in-older-athletes-influences-inflammatory-and-redox-responses-to-acute-exercise
#10
Andre L Estrela, Aline Zaparte, Jefferson D da Silva, José C Moreira, James E Turner, Moisés E Bauer
To examine whether the volume of previous exercise training in older athletes influences inflammatory, redox and hormonal profiles, forty trained marathon runners were divided into higher-volume (HVG, ~480 min/week) and lower-volume groups (LVG, ~240 min/week). Plasma inflammatory proteins, redox biomarkers and salivary testosterone and cortisol, were assessed at rest and following two maximal acute exercise bouts. At rest, the LVG exhibited higher CRP, higher protein carbonyls and lower SOD activity compared to the HVG (p's<0...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181834/functioning-without-cartilage-older-people-with-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-who-self-report-no-functional-limitations-do-score-lower-on-a-performance-battery
#11
Daniël M van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J de Ruiter, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Kaj S Emanuel
The majority of the older population shows signs of radiographic knee osteoarthritis. However, many remain without functional complaints for a long period. This study aims to find early functional changes associated with stages of radiographic knee osteoarthritis. A group of older people without self-reported complaints was divided in 2 groups, knee osteoarthritis (K&L=2-4, N=29) and control (K&L=0-1, N=31). Muscle function was assessed with voluntary and electrically stimulated isometric knee contractions, including a fatigue test...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181825/physical-activity-behavior-and-competing-activities-interrelations-in-55-to-70-year-old-germans
#12
Volker Cihlar, Sonia Lippke
In this study, we draw attention to time-competing activities and psychological variables as impeding or enabling factors of physical activity behavior in 55-to-70-year-old Germans. Cross-sectional data was used (n=4,891). Results indicate that paid work has a negative relationship with sufficient physical activity. Persons who provide nursing care seem to be motivated to achieve sufficient physical activity behavior, but do not meet established recommendations. Active citizenship positively relates to higher physical activity levels...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181824/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-healthcare-expenditures-related-to-arterial-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-sabe-study
#13
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: Research using questionnaires has shown that physical activity level (PAL) is associated with healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between objectively measured PAL and healthcare costs among hypertensive and diabetic non-institutionalized Brazilian older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study forming part of the SABE Study, composed of 377 older people interviewed in 2010. Expenditures were estimated taking into account self-reported medicine prescription, outpatient service and hospitalizations, with the highest quartile of expenditures considered as a risk category...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120633/feasibility-and-impact-of-high-intensity-walking-training-in-frail-older-adults
#14
Margaret Danilovich, David Conroy, T George Hornby
To investigate the impact of high intensity walking training (HIWT) on pre-frail and frail older adults, five assisted living residents underwent a supervised 12-session intervention. The intervention consisted of 30 minutes of HIWT at 70-80% of heart rate reserve or ratings of 15 to 17 (hard to very hard) on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion scale. Training included walking at fast speeds, multi-directions, stairs, and outdoor surfaces with and without an assistive device. Training significantly reduced frailty using the SHARE-FI (p=0...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120631/the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-dyadic-intervention-with-physical-exercise-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk, Anne Margriet Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a Randomized Controlled Trial. METHODS: People with dementia and their family caregivers (n=111) were randomly assigned to 8 home based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, Executive Functioning (EF) and attention were assessed at baseline, and after three (post-measurement) and six months (follow-up)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095105/regular-latin-dancing-and-health-education-may-improve-cognition-of-late-middle-aged-and-older-latinos
#16
David X Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, Charles Spanbauer
Disparities exist between Latinos and non-Latino whites in cognitive function. Dance is culturally appropriate and challenges individuals physically and cognitively, yet the impact of regular dancing on cognitive function in older Latinos has not been examined. A two-group pilot trial was employed among inactive, older Latinos. Participants (N = 57) participated in the BAILAMOS(©) dance program or a health education program. Cognitive test scores were converted to z-scores and measures of global cognition and specific domains (executive function, episodic memory, working memory) were derived...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095104/the-relative-efficacy-of-land-based-and-water-based-exercise-training-on-macro-and-micro-vascular-functions-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Saowaluck Suntraluck, Hirofumi Tanaka, Daroonwan Suksom
Microvascular and macrovascular dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease. Twenty-nine older patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned into the land-based (LB; n=14) or water-based (WB; n=15) groups. Both groups completed supervised aerobic cycling exercises 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The WB group performed cycling exercise training in warm water (36°C) immersed to the hip level. After 12 weeks, blood glucose concentration and insulin resistance did not change but hemoglobin A1c levels decreased (P<0...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#18
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior living facilities were randomized to either a three day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N=121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400 meter walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095094/female-age-related-differences-in-biomechanics-and-muscle-activity-during-descents-on-the-outstretched-arms
#19
Lauren Jane Lattimer, Joel Lanovaz, Jon Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Stephen Robinovitch, Cathy Arnold
The purposes of this study were to examine female age differences in: 1) upper extremity (UE) and trunk muscle activity, elbow joint moment, loading force and UE energy absorption during a controlled forward body descent and 2) UE muscle strength. Twenty young (mean 24.8±3.4 yrs.) and 20 older (68.4±5.7 yrs.) women were assessed via dynamometry for isometric, concentric and eccentric UE strength and performed forward descents on force plates at three body lean angles (60, 45, and 30° from horizontal). Significant differences (p < ...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095088/modeling-longitudinal-relationships-between-habit-and-physical-activity-two-cross-lagged-panel-design-studies-in-older-adults
#20
Rob J H van Bree, Catherine Bolman, Aart N Mudde, Maartje M van Stralen, Denise A Peels, Hein de Vries, Lilian Lechner
These longitudinal studies in older adults targeted mediated relationships between habit and physical activity (PA). In The Netherlands two independent studies were conducted among 1976 (Study 1: Mage=63.63, SD=8.66, 30% functional limitations) and 2140 (Study 2: Mage=62.75, SD=8.57, 45% functional limitations) adults aged 50 years or older. Cross-lagged panel designs were applied to examine whether habit mediates the relationship between prior and later PA and whether PA simultaneously mediates the relationship between prior and later habit...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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