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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
There is limited evidence examining the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), frailty, and factors influencing PA behaviors in migrant older women from ethnically diverse backgrounds. The aims of this mixed-methods study were to: 1) examine PA levels and ST across frailty status; 2) identify any differences in PA/ST between ethnic and religious groups; and 3) qualitatively explore factors influencing PA among older (≥60 years) migrant women (n=60). PA/ST were assessed using accelerometry and frailty status using the frailty phenotype...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Lungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Hiroyuki Shimada, Yuya Anan, Kenji Harada
This study aimed to examine whether the expectation for physical activity to minimize dementia risk was associated with physical activity level and whether this association was moderated by perceived high value of dementia prevention among older adults. Participants (n = 2824) completed questionnaires and wore accelerometers to measure their average daily steps and level of physical activity. The expectation for physical activity to minimize dementia risk, perceived value of dementia prevention, and potential covariates (expectation of other desirable outcomes, demographic and health-related factors) were also measured...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Katie L Cederberg, Robert W Motl, Edward McAuley
Older adults with multiple sclerosis(MS) experience the combined effects of aging and a chronic, disabling neurological disease on physical activity, sedentary behavior, and physical function. OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations among light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity(LPA and MVPA), sedentary behavior, and physical function in older adults with MS. METHOD: Forty older adults with MS(median age=60 years) who had a median Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 4...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
David Geard, Amanda L Rebar, Peter Reaburn, Rylee A Dionigi
Due to their high physical functioning, masters athletes are regularly proposed to exemplify successful aging. However, successful aging research on masters athletes has never been undertaken using a multidimensional successful aging model. To determine the best model for future successful aging research on masters athletes we had masters swimmers self-report (N = 169, M age = 57.4 years, 61% women) subjective successful aging, and physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning. Using this data we tested one hypothesized and three alternative successful aging models...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Frances A Kanach, Amy M Pastva, Katherine S Hall, Juliessa M Pavon, Miriam C Morey
This review examined effects of structured exercise (aerobic walking, with or without complementary modes of exercise) on cardiorespiratory measures, mobility, functional status, healthcare utilization, and Quality of Life in older adults (≥60 years) hospitalized for acute medical illness. Inclusion required exercise protocol, at least one patient-level or utilization outcome, and at least one physical assessment point during hospitalization or within 1 month of intervention. MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL databases were searched for studies published from 2000 to March 2015...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Katie J Thralls, Susan S Levy
BACKGROUND: While physical activity (PA) improves functions for activities of daily living, little is known of the association between meeting published PA Guidelines for Americans (PAGA) and meeting published physical function guidelines for maintaining independence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between meeting the PAGA and meeting independence criteria on the Senior Fitness Tests (SFT). METHODS: Older adults (N=265) completed SFTs, assessing cardiorespiratory fitness, lower and upper body strength, mobility, and self-reported aerobic and resistance PA...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J Aartsen, Theo G van Tilburg, Astrid Chorus
The predictive value of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on intention and physical activity (PA) over time was examined. Data from the Aging Well and Healthily intervention program (targeting perceived behavioral control and attitude, not subjective norm) were analyzed, including pretest (T0), posttest (T1, except subjective norm) and 4-6 months follow-up (T2, PA outcomes only) (N = 387, M age 72 years). Structural equation modeling was used to test a TPB model. PA was measured subjectively using the Voorrips sports subscale (T0 and T2), items measured perceived increase in PA (T1), and adherence to exercises (T1 and T2)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Heather McCracken, Shilpa Dogra
The purpose of this study was to quantify sedentary time among recreational and Masters (competitive) athletes aged 55 and older. A cross-sectional survey including questions on demographics, sport participation, as well as a short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and the Measure of Older Adult's Sedentary Time questionnaire was administered (n=203). Male Masters athletes reported more time spent in vigorous intensity physical activity and less TV time than recreational athletes. Among females, being a Masters athlete was associated with being more sedentary than being a recreational athlete, while among males, being a recreational athlete was associated with being more sedentary...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Annemarthe L Herrema, Marjan J Westerman, Ellen J I van Dongen, Urszula Kudla, Martijn Veltkamp
Interventions combining protein-rich diets with resistance exercises seem a promising avenue in helping to prevent sarcopenia. However, compliance to health interventions is generally low. The aim of the present study was to provide qualitative insights into the drivers and barriers that older adults experience when trying to comply with a combined dietary and physical exercise intervention. Semi-structured interviews with eighteen older adults participating in such an intervention were conducted and analysed using thematic content analysis...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Cassandra J de Lacy-Vawdon, Joanna Schwarzman, Genevieve Nolan, Renee de Silva, David Menzies, Ben J Smith
AIM: This review examines program features that influence attendance and adherence to group-based physical activity (PA) by older adults. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, CINAHL plus, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies published from 1995-2016. Quantitative and qualitative studies investigating factors related to PA group attendance or adherence by persons aged 55 years and over, were included. RESULTS: Searching yielded eight quantitative and 13 qualitative studies, from 2044 titles...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Nicolas Farina, Ruth G Lowry
Consumer-level activity monitors, such as Fitbit and Misfit devices, are a popular and low-cost means of measuring physical activity. This study aims to compare the accuracy of step counts from two consumer-level activity monitors against two reference devices in healthy, community dwelling older adults in free-living conditions. Twenty-five older adults (aged 65-84) simultaneously wore 5 devices (e.g. Misfit Shine and Fitbit Charge HR) over 7 consecutive days. All consumer-level activity monitors positively correlated with reference devices (p<0...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Koren L Fisher, Elizabeth L Harrison, Brenda G Bruner, Joshua A Lawson, Bruce A Reeder, Nigel L Ashworth, M Suzanne Sheppard, Karen E Chad
OBJECTIVES: To explore cross-sectional relationships between self-reported physical activity (PA) and personal, social and environmental factors in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Accounting for clustering by neighborhood, generalized estimating equations were used to examine associations between selected correlates and the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) score while adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: Data for 601 participants were analyzed: 79% female, 37% married, mean age 76...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Katie L Crockett, Saija Kontulainen, Jon Farthing, Phil Chilibeck, Brenna Bath, Adam Baxter-Jones, Cathy Arnold
A distal radius fracture (DRF) is commonly the first fracture to occur in early postmenopausal women. The reasons for sustaining a DRF may be related to fall risk, bone fragility or both. The objective of this study was to compare functional and fracture risk status in postmenopausal women with and without a recent DRF and explore the relationships between function, grip strength and fracture risk status. METHODS: Seventy-seven women age 50-78 with (n=32) and without (n=45) a history of DRF in the past 2 years participated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Renata Valle Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J Fraga, Thays Martins Vital da Silva, José Maria Cancela, Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduròz
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of functional-task training on cognitive function, activities of daily living (ADL) performance and functional fitness in community-dwelling older adults with diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A total of 57 participants (22 functional-task training group-FTG, 21 social gathering group-SGG, 14 control group-CG) were recruited. Participants in both intervention groups carried out three one-hour sessions per week of a functional-task program and social gathering activities for 12-weeks...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley, Shahla Meedya
This paper reports the qualitative component of a randomized controlled trial which evaluated the impact and feasibility of a physical exercise intervention on individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. Interviews were conducted with 10 staff and nine family carers about their views and opinions of physical exercise (n=19). Thematic content analysis revealed both benefits and barriers to physical exercise for individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. Another theme was the influences of knowledge and understanding on individuals' views of physical exercise...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Lei Zhou, Marie-Anne Gougeon, Julie Nantel
We investigated the impact of Nordic Walking (NW) on gait patterns in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) following a 6-week NW familiarization. Twelve participants with PD and healthy older adults took part in a gait analysis walking with and without poles (NP). Results showed larger knee power (knee extensor: K2) on the most affected leg in NW compared to NP (P=0.01). On the less affected side, larger power absorption (knee extensor: K3) was found during pre-swing (K3) compared to older adults in both NP and NW (P=0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hayley Guiney, Michael Keall, Liana Machado
AIM: Provide up-to-date information about physical activity (PA) levels in New Zealand older adults to inform the development and targeting of relevant health promotion initiatives. METHOD: Nationally-representative survey (N = 1,468) data were analysed to assess in people aged ≥ 60 years the prevalence of physical inactivity and meeting PA guidelines, differences between 2012 and 2014, and socio-demographic correlates. RESULTS: One-fifth (20...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Liane S Lewis, James Hernon, Allan Clark, John M Saxton
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the convergent validity of an interview-administered IPAQ long version (IPAQ-L) in an older population by comparison with objective accelerometry movement data. METHODS: Data from 52 participants (mean age 67.9 years, 62% male) were included in the analysis. Treadmill derived (TM-ACC: 1952-5724 cpm) and free-living physical activity (PA) derived (FL-ACC: 760-5724 cpm) accelerometer cut-points were used as criterion. RESULTS: IPAQ-L measures (total PA, leisure-time, walking-time, sedentary time) were significantly correlated with accelerometry (P≤0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Yoshifumi Kijima, Ryoji Kiyama, Masaki Sekine, Toshiyo Tamura, Toshiro Fujimoto, Tetsuo Maeda, Tadasu Ohshige
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether a gait analysis using an accelerometer could estimate gait independence. Eighty-six stroke patients and 21 healthy control subjects participated in this study. Stroke patients were identified as dependent or independent based on their gait ability. The acceleration of the trunk and bilateral thigh was measured using three wireless sensors during walking. The root mean square, gait regularity, and symmetry were calculated from the acceleration to estimate gait quality...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar, Mine Topsac
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by the increase of bone fragility and fracture risk. Postmenopausal female osteoporotic patients were randomized into 3 groups;balance and coordination, strengthening, and aerobic exercise group. The exercise programs were performed for 12 weeks, one hour each day for three days of the week.Patients were followed-up for 12 weeks after the initial intervention. After the exercise program, patients continued their daily life activities and were called back to the clinic for additional testing after 12 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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