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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Shani Batcir, Itshak Melzer
Older adults gain many health benefits from riding bicycles regularly. We aimed to explore whether older persons who ride bicycles regularly have better balance than controls. Balance control and voluntary stepping were assessed in 20 older adults aged 65 to 85 who live in an agricultural community village who regularly ride bicycles (BR), and 30 age- and gender-matched non-bicycle riders (NBR). Self-reported function and fear of fall were also assessed. Bicycle riders showed significantly better balance, faster voluntary stepping, and better self-reported advanced lower extremity function compared with NBR...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Seung-Uk Ko, Gerald J Jerome, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci
Consideration of knee pain can be crucial for identifying fall-related gait patterns. Gait parameters while walking at usual speed were examined in persons with different falls and knee pain status. Study participants were 439 adults aged 60 to 92 years. Persons with a falls history had a wider stride width (p = 0.036) and longer double support time (p = 0.034) than non-fallers. In the absence of knee pain, fallers had longer double support time than non-fallers (p = 0.012), but no differences in double support time by fall history was observed in participants with knee pain...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha, Ai Koyanagi
We investigated physical activity (PA) correlates among middle-aged and older adults (aged ≥50 years) with hazardous drinking patterns in six low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Hazardous drinking was defined as consuming >7 (females) or >14 (males) standard drinks per week. Participants were dichotomized into low (i.e. not meeting 150 minutes of moderate PA / week) and moderate-to-high physically active groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A Zecevic, Shannon L Sibbald, Volker Nolte
OBJECTIVES: The risk of falling increases in adults over the age of 65. A common barrier to take up physical activity in sedentary older adults is the fear of falls and injury. Experiences of masters athletes can provide insights into management of the risk for falling. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the fall-risk experience of masters athletes actively competing in sport. METHODS: Masters athletes over the age of 55 (n=22) described their experiences in semi-structured interviews...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston, Ngaire Kerse
The relationship between physical activity, function, and mortality is not established in advanced age. Physical activity, function, and mortality were followed in a cohort of Māori and non-Māori adults living in advanced age for a period of six years. Generalised Linear regression models were used to analyse the association between physical activity and NEADL while Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox-proportional hazard models were used to assess the association between the physical activity and mortality...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Steve Amireault, John M Baier, Jonathan R Spencer
The objective of this study was to identify preferences for physical activity among adults aged 65 years and over. A systematic review was conducted. A search strategy without language and date restriction (up until March 31st, 2017) was developed for PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 21 independent primary studies were included in the systematic review. Irrespective of the methodologies used and samples, a majority of older adults prefer to walk and engage in physical activity continuously for about 30 minutes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Mindy Patterson Maziarz, Wanyi Wang, Alexis Orgiz
This study identified which energy expenditure (EE) and dietary intake outcomes determine EE from doubly-labeled water (DLW) in U.S. older adults (n=681; 45.9% male; mean age 63.2). A secondary data analysis using baseline data from The Interactive Diet and Activity Tracking in AARP (IDATA) study was conducted. Stepwise linear regressions identified predictor outcomes of EE from DLW within sexes. Outcomes included data from ActiGraph accelerometers, Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) self-report activity questionnaire, Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall, Dietary History Questionnaire II (DHQ II), and resting EE...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Anthony Papathomas, Jonathan Foster, Eleanor Quested, Nikos Ntoumanis
We explored perceptions of social dance as a possible intervention to improve cognitive functioning in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Thirty participants (19 female; M age = 72.6; SD=8.2) took part in the study. This included 21 participants who had self-reported subjective memory complaints and 9 spouses who noticed spousal memory loss. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Three main themes were constructed: 1) dance seen as a means of promoting social interaction; 2) chronic illness as a barrier and facilitator to participation; 3) social dance representing nostalgic connections to the past...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hiroko Kukihara, Niwako Yamawaki, Michiyo Ando, Yoshiko Tamura, Kumi Arita, Emiko Nakashima
The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effects of resilience, morale, and sense of coherence (SOC) on the relationship between physical activity and respondents' perceived physical/mental health and depression among community-dwelling older adults in Japan. There were a total of 369 participants with an average age of 74 from Kasuishimohara District in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan. They completed a survey that included the Resilience Scale, the Sense of Coherence Scale, the Medical Outcomes Short Form 8, Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale (Short Form), and a demographic questionnaire...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Emmanuel Frimpong, Joanne A McVeigh, Rebecca M Meiring
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to integrate the available evidence on changes in sedentary behaviour (SB) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A systematic literature search from January 2002 to 31 October 2017 was performed for studies assessing objectively and/or subjectively measured SB following TKA. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) Methodology appraisal tool was used to critically appraise the methodological quality of the included studies...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Lene Levy-Storms, Lin Chen, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Major gaps exist in the literature regarding the link between open space and physical activity promotion for older adults. This study conducted a systematic review on older adults, open space, and physical activity to identify their needs and preferences in and near parks. We identified 48 peer-reviewed journal articles. All articles focused on older adults but not necessarily exclusively. Most studies were descriptive and correlational. Findings suggest that older adults have specific open space and physical activity needs in and near parks that partly overlap with younger people...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits, Filip Boen
BACKGROUND: The Social Identity Approach (SIA) proposes that the more older adults identify with the social group of "older adults", the more they will conform to what they perceive as being normative exercising for their group. However, so far it remains unclear why older adults adhere to these norms. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether perceived exercise norms are associated with higher levels of autonomous motivation according to the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and actual exercise participation...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Alex S Ribeiro, Matheus A Nascimento, Brad J Schoenfeld, João Pedro Nunes, Andreo F Aguiar, Edilaine F Cavalcante, Analiza M Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Steven J Fleck, Edilson S Cyrino
The main purpose of this study was compare the effects of resistance training (RT) performed two versus three times per week on phase angle (a cellular health indicator) in older women. Thirty-nine women (69.1±5.5 years) were randomly assigned to perform a RT program two (G2X) or three (G3X) days per week for 12 weeks. The RT was a whole-body program (8 exercises, 1 set, 10-15 repetitions). Phase angle, resistance, reactance, and total body water were assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy. Intracellular water, reactance, and phase angle increased significantly in G2X (2...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Ka-Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung, Tin Lok Yuen, Jin Dong Liu, Donggen Wang
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 24-item Social Environment Questionnaire (SEQ-C) (Clark & Scott, 2013). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the factor validity and measurement invariance (MI) (purpose 1) of the SEQ-C in 453 older adults in Hong Kong. Convergent validity (purpose 2) and test-retest reliability (purpose 3) were also measured. The results of the CFA and MI supported the four-factor structure (representing companionship, encouragement, neighborhood social cohesion, and role models) of the SEQ-C, in a 15-item model that closely fitted the data...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel, Mirjam Pijnappels
Falls among older adults remains a significant public health issue. Bicycling positively influences falls risk factors including reduced balance, muscle weakness, and low self-perceived confidence in maintaining balance. However, this association has not been systematically examined. We recruited 107 community-dwelling participants aged 65 and over in the Netherlands to determine the relationship between bicycling and fall risk factors. Participants completed 3 questionnaires on cycling behaviour and balance confidence, and undertook 5 fall related physical performance tasks encompassing tests of balance, strength, gait and endurance...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Angela Devereux-Fitzgerald, Rachael Powell, David P French
Perceptions of time and energy and their role in physical activity engagement were examined in older adults living in lower SES areas. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 participants aged 67-94 years. A thematic framework analysis identified four themes: Time is Energy (older adults conflate time and energy in relation to physical activity); Reduced Day (engaging in activities outside a certain timeframe is deemed unacceptable); Being Given Enough Time (need for time to socialise and go at own pace); and Seasonal Impact (seasonal differences affecting access)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Stephen M Cornish, Jeremie E Chase, Eric M Bugera, Gordon G Giesbrecht
The purpose of this research was to identify if three different intensities of resistance exercise would acutely and differentially effect the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in older men (≥65 years). Eleven older men performed isovolume resistance exercise on six different apparatus at three different intensities (144 reps at 60%, 120 reps at 72% and 108 reps at 80% of 1-repetition maximum), with intensity order randomly allocated, to determine the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in the blood...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Koren L Fisher, Bruce A Reeder, Elizabeth L Harrison, Brenda G Bruner, Nigel L Ashworth, Punam Pahwa, Nazmi Sari, M Suzanne Sheppard, Christopher A Shields, Karen E Chad
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maintenance of physical activity (PA) and health gains among participants in a class-based (CB) or home-based (HB) PA intervention over a 12-month study period. METHODS: 172 adults over age 50 were randomly allocated to either a CB or HB intervention, each involving an intensive 3-month phase with 9 months follow-up. Measures at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months included: self-reported PA and health, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, cardiovascular endurance (6MWT), physical function, and functional fitness (SFT)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kun Liang
The aim of this study is to determine the longitudinal association between age identity and physical functioning among urban Chinese older adults. We conducted secondary data analyses based on a sample of older adults aged 60 years and above who participated in both the 2006 and the 2010 Sample Survey on Aged Population in Urban/Rural China (SSAPUR), which consisted of 5,788 urban community-dwelling older adults. A single-item measure of age identity was used to distinguish between old and youthful age identities (or the feeling of being old or not)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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