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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Kate Riegle van West, Cathy Stinear, Ralph Buck
This study investigated the effects of poi (a weight on the end of a cord which is swung in circular patterns around the body) compared to Tai Chi on physical and cognitive function in healthy older adults. Seventy-nine participants (60 - 86 years) were randomly allocated to the poi or Tai Chi group. Physical and cognitive function were measured one month before, immediately before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention (2 lessons a week for 4 weeks). Immediately post intervention both groups improved postural stability, upper limb strength, and simple attention...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Wuber J S Soares, Alexandre D Lopes, Eduardo Nogueira, Victor Candido, Suzana A Moraes, Monica R Perracini
This systematic review examines the association between physical activity (PA) level and risk of falling in community-dwelling older adults. A search of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Sport Discus, and Web of Science was performed in January 2017. Four prospective cohort studies investigating the incidence of falls in a period of at least 12 months and its association with the level of PA in people 60-plus years old were reviewed and pooled for meta-analysis. The pooled risk ratio for being a recurrent faller (2,420 participants) was 39% higher among those who were in the lowest PA level (RR = 1...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Jonathan M Casper, Jung-Hwan Jeon
The purpose of this study was to examine psychological connection to the sport of pickleball by investigating active older adults (55 years and older) in relation to behavioral involvement and motives for participation. Data were collected via an online survey of a representative sample of active pickleball players in North Carolina (N = 690). The Psychological Continuum Model (PCM: Funk, 2008) categorized players into four distinct connection levels of Awareness, Attraction, Attachment, and Allegiance. Participants on each PCM level were analyzed based on playing length, play frequency, and motivations for participation (Competition, Diversion, Fitness, Skill Mastery, and Socialization)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Nadia Schott, Maike Tietjens
Mobility restriction as a consequence of a fall is a major issue in assisted living facilities. Although many factors are related to falling, little is known about the relationship between falls, social support, falls efficacy, and physical activity. We examined the relationship between falls and the Social-Support-Questionnaire, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, and physical activity simultaneously in 81 older adults (66-94 years) using structural equation modeling (SEM). The SEM model revealed that being older was associated with lower falls efficacy and a higher number of falls...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Christopher McCrum, Kiros Karamanidis
The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise program on landing ground reaction force characteristics and lower limb kinematics in older adults with genu valgus. Twenty six older male adults with genu valgus were randomized into two groups. An experimental group conducted a 14- week corrective exercise program, while a control group did not perform any exercise. The experimental group displayed lower peak vertical, peak anterior and posterior, and peak medial ground reaction force components during the post-test compared to the pre-test...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Chih-Hsiang Yang, David E Conroy
Mindful walking has emerged as a potential intervention strategy to improve mental health and promote well-being in adult and clinical populations. This strategy has not been implemented specifically with older adults to date. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, sustainability, and preliminary efficacy of a mindful walking program for reducing negative affect in older adults. Community-dwelling older adults (n = 29) completed a one-month, outdoor mindful walking program distributed across eight 30-minute sessions...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li, Kun Li
This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe physical activity and sleep in 290 community-dwelling Chinese older adults and to examine the association between physical activity and poor sleep outcomes. Almost half of the sample were poor sleepers. The majority of the sample regularly participated in walking, some household activity and light sports; yet, only a small portion were involved in work-related activity or in strenuous sports. A greater level of overall physical activity [Odds Ratio (OR) =0...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Garrett M Hester, Zachary K Pope, Mitchel A Magrini, Ryan J Colquhoun, Alejandra B Curiel, Carlos A Estrada, Alex A Olmos, Jason M DeFreitas
This study examined the effects of unilateral resistance training (RT) on maximal velocity parameters in the ipsilateral and contralateral legs in young and older males. Young (n = 22; age = 21.55 ± 2.23 yrs) and older (n = 20; age = 65.10 ± 9.65 yrs) males were assigned to training or control groups. Unilateral isokinetic RT of the knee extensors was performed for 4 weeks. Peak velocity (PV) and acceleration were identified during a dynamic maximal voluntary contraction before, at week 2, and after week 4 (POST) of RT...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi, Beat Knechtle
The relationship between age and elite marathon race times is well investigated, but little is known for half-marathon running. This study investigated the relationship between half-marathon race times and age in 1-year intervals by using the world singe age records in half-marathon running and the sex difference in performance from 5-91 years in men and 5-93 years in women. We found a 4 th order-polynomial relationship between age and race time for both women and men. Women achieve their best half-marathon race time earlier in life than men, 23...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Maria À Cebrià I Iranzo, Mercè Balasch I Bernat, María Á Tortosa-Chuliá, Sebastià Balasch-Parisi
This study compares the effects of two resistance training programs in peripheral and respiratory musculature on muscle mass and strength and physical performance, and identify the appropriate muscle mass parameter for assessing the intervention effects. Thirty-seven institutionalized older Spanish adults with sarcopenia were analyzed: Control Group (n=17), Respiratory Muscle Training Group (n=9) and Peripheral Muscle Training Group (n=11). Pre and post-intervention, participants were assessed for Appendicular Skeletal Mass (ASM/height2; ASM/weight; ASM/BMI), isometric knee-extension, arm-flexion and handgrip strength, Inspiratory and Expiratory Maximal Pressures (MIP and MEP), and gait speed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Phakkanut Mathurapongsakul, Akkradate Siriphorn
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the use of the four square step test (FSST) and the four square step test with foam surface (FSST+foam) scores for discriminating between adults, faller older adults, and non-faller older adults. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (18 for each group) were assessed using the FSST and FSST+foam. The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated and used to compare the accuracy of the tests. RESULTS: The FSST+foam was more accurate than FSST for discriminating between faller and non-faller older adults (AUCs were 0...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Silvia Varela, José M Cancela, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Carlos Ayán
This study aimed at identifying the effects of self-paced cycling on the cognitive and functional status and fall risk on institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment. Thirty-nine individuals were randomly assigned to an exercise (EG) or to a control (CG) group. The EG participants cycled at their self-selected intensity at least for 15 minutes daily during 15 months. The CG participants performed recreational activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Fuld Object Memory Evaluation, and Symbol Digit Modality Test were used for cognitive assessments...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Shani Batcir, Itshak Melzer
Older adults gain many health benefits from riding bicycles regularly. We aimed to explore whether older persons who ride bicycles regularly have better balance than controls. Balance control and voluntary stepping were assessed in 20 older adults aged 65 to 85 who live in an agricultural community village who regularly ride bicycles (BR), and 30 age- and gender-matched non-bicycle riders (NBR). Self-reported function and fear of fall were also assessed. Bicycle riders showed significantly better balance, faster voluntary stepping, and better self-reported advanced lower extremity function compared with NBR...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Seung-Uk Ko, Gerald J Jerome, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci
Consideration of knee pain can be crucial for identifying fall-related gait patterns. Gait parameters while walking at usual speed were examined in persons with different falls and knee pain status. Study participants were 439 adults aged 60 to 92 years. Persons with a falls history had a wider stride width (p = 0.036) and longer double support time (p = 0.034) than non-fallers. In the absence of knee pain, fallers had longer double support time than non-fallers (p = 0.012), but no differences in double support time by fall history was observed in participants with knee pain...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha, Ai Koyanagi
We investigated physical activity (PA) correlates among middle-aged and older adults (aged ≥50 years) with hazardous drinking patterns in six low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Hazardous drinking was defined as consuming >7 (females) or >14 (males) standard drinks per week. Participants were dichotomized into low (i.e. not meeting 150 minutes of moderate PA / week) and moderate-to-high physically active groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A Zecevic, Shannon L Sibbald, Volker Nolte
OBJECTIVES: The risk of falling increases in adults over the age of 65. A common barrier to take up physical activity in sedentary older adults is the fear of falls and injury. Experiences of masters athletes can provide insights into management of the risk for falling. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the fall-risk experience of masters athletes actively competing in sport. METHODS: Masters athletes over the age of 55 (n=22) described their experiences in semi-structured interviews...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston, Ngaire Kerse
The relationship between physical activity, function, and mortality is not established in advanced age. Physical activity, function, and mortality were followed in a cohort of Māori and non-Māori adults living in advanced age for a period of six years. Generalised Linear regression models were used to analyse the association between physical activity and NEADL while Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox-proportional hazard models were used to assess the association between the physical activity and mortality...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Steve Amireault, John M Baier, Jonathan R Spencer
The objective of this study was to identify preferences for physical activity among adults aged 65 years and over. A systematic review was conducted. A search strategy without language and date restriction (up until March 31st, 2017) was developed for PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 21 independent primary studies were included in the systematic review. Irrespective of the methodologies used and samples, a majority of older adults prefer to walk and engage in physical activity continuously for about 30 minutes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Mindy Patterson Maziarz, Wanyi Wang, Alexis Ortiz
This study identified which energy expenditure (EE) and dietary intake outcomes determine EE from doubly-labeled water (DLW) in U.S. older adults (n=681; 45.9% male; mean age 63.2). A secondary data analysis using baseline data from The Interactive Diet and Activity Tracking in AARP (IDATA) study was conducted. Stepwise linear regressions identified predictor outcomes of EE from DLW within sexes. Outcomes included data from ActiGraph accelerometers, Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) self-report activity questionnaire, Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall, Dietary History Questionnaire II (DHQ II), and resting EE...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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