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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Miguel Ángel de la Cámara, Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, David Martinez-Gomez, Óscar L Veiga
The interday reliability of the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) has not been studied to date. The study purpose was to examine the interday variability and reliability on two consecutive days collected with the IDEEA, as well as to predict the number of days needed to provide a reliable estimate of several movement (walking and climbing stairs) and nonmovement (lying, reclining, and sitting) behaviors and standing in older adults. The sample included 126 older adults (74 women) who wore the IDEEA for 48 hr...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines, Dianne Goeman
OBJECTIVE: Posthospital discharge shows increased risk for falls in older people. This pilot study was created to determine feasibility and acceptability of a community-delivered posthospital multifactorial program. METHOD: This mixed-method study used randomized controlled design (quantitative component) and interviews (qualitative component). People aged ≥65 years, hospitalized for a fall, underwent assessment for quality of life and falls-related outcomes, followed by interviews, randomization into intervention (exercise, medication review, and education) or control group, and follow-up at 6 months...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Christopher McCrum, Kiros Karamanidis
The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise program on landing ground reaction force characteristics and lower limb kinematics in older adults with genu valgus. A total of 26 older male adults with genu valgus were randomized into two groups. An experimental group conducted a 14-week corrective exercise program, whereas a control group did not perform any exercise. The experimental group displayed lower peak vertical, peak anterior and posterior, and peak medial ground reaction force components during the posttest compared with the pretest...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Wuber J S Soares, Alexandre D Lopes, Eduardo Nogueira, Victor Candido, Suzana A de Moraes, Monica R Perracini
This systematic review examines the association between physical activity (PA) level and risk of falling in community-dwelling older adults. A search of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science was performed in January 2017. Four prospective cohort studies investigating the incidence of falls in a period of at least 12 months and its association with the level of PA in people aged 60 years and older were reviewed and pooled for meta-analysis. The pooled risk ratio (RR) for being a recurrent faller (2,420 participants) was 39% higher among those who were in the lowest PA level (RR = 1...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Steve Amireault, John M Baier, Jonathan R Spencer
The objective of this study was to identify preferences for physical activity among adults aged 65 years and over. A systematic review was conducted. A search strategy without language and date restriction (up until March 31, 2017) was developed for PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 21 independent primary studies were included in the systematic review. Irrespective of the methodologies used and samples, a majority of older adults prefer to walk and engage in physical activity continuously for about 30 min...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Harsh H Buddhadev, Philip E Martin
It is unknown if higher antagonist muscle coactivation is a factor contributing to greater energy expenditure of cycling in older adults. We determined how age, power output, and cadence affect energy expenditure and lower limb antagonist muscle coactivation during submaximal cycling. Thirteen younger and 12 older male participants completed 6-min trials at four power output-cadence conditions (75 W-60 rpm, 75 W-90 rpm, 125 W-60 rpm, and 125 W-90 rpm) while electromyographic and metabolic energy consumption data were collected...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Jonathan M Casper, Jung-Hwan Jeon
The purpose of this study was to examine psychological connection to the sport of pickleball by investigating active older adults (55 years and older) in relation to behavioral involvement and motives for participation. Data were collected via an online survey of a representative sample of active pickleball players in North Carolina (N = 690). The psychological continuum model (PCM) categorized players into four distinct connection levels of Awareness, Attraction, Attachment, and Allegiance. Participants on each PCM level were analyzed based on playing length, play frequency, and motivations for participation (Competition, Diversion, Fitness, Skill Mastery, and Socialization)...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Konstantina Katsoulis, Liza Stathokostas, Catherine E Amara
Power training (PT) improves muscle power in older adults, however, intensity recommendations are less clear. A narrative approach was used to compare high- versus low-intensity PT on muscle power (and function) in healthy, older adults. Searches were performed using Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Ageline, and Scopus. Interventions in which older subjects (60+ years) were instructed to perform the concentric phase 'as fast as possible' were included. After searches were performed, a 3rd category of PT (moderate intensity) was included...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Anna C Severin, Brendan J Burkett, Mark R McKean, Aaron N Wiegand, Mark Gl Sayers
This study examined the effect of water immersion on trunk and lower limb kinematics during squat exercises in older aged participants. Twenty-four active older aged adults (71.4 ± 5.4 yrs.) performed squats and split-squats on land and while partially submerged in water. Inertial sensors (100 Hz) were used to record trunk and lower-body kinematics. Water immersion increased the squat depth (squat: P=0.028, d=0.63, split-squat: P=0.005, d=0.83) and reduced the trunk flexion range (squat: P=0.006, d=0.76, split-squat: P<0...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Xuemei Sui, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Steven N Blair, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between TV viewing and all-cause mortality in older adults with hypertension. Sedentary behavior, physical activity, hypertension and other chronic diseases were assessed by face-to-face interviews and confirmed by medical history. Mortality was reported by relatives and confirmed in medical records of the National Health System. The fully- adjusted model showed a direct association between high TV viewing time and all-cause mortality (HR: 1...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Jaqueline P Batista, Igor M Mariano, Tállita C F Souza, Juliene G Costa, Jéssica S Giolo, Nádia C Cheik, Foued S Espindola, Sarah Everman, Guilherme M Puga
The aim of study was to compare the hemodynamic and salivary responses after Mat Pilates, aerobic, resistance exercise and control. 16 normotensive postmenopausal women performed: PILATES:ten floor exercises; AEROBIC:35 minutes on the treadmill (60 to 70%of heart rate reserve); RESISTANCE: 60% of 1RM; CONTROL:no physical exercise. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were evaluated at rest and 60 minutes after the intervention. Saliva samples were collected at rest, immediately, 30' and 60' after exercise for analysis of nitrite concentration (NO2 - ) and total proteins (TP)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Nicolas Farina, Laura J Hughes, Amber Watts, Ruth G Lowry
Physical activity questionnaires are an important means to assess habitual physical activity. It remains unclear what questionnaires are used and whether they are appropriate for people with dementia who have impaired information recall but are also often largely sedentary. This scoping review aimed to identify and quantify the use of physical activity questionnaires within a dementia population. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. The majority of studies used questionnaires that were validated for use within an older adult population (e...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Carol M Vos, Denise M Saint Arnault, Laura M Struble, Nancy A Gallagher, Janet L Larson
Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) placing them at increased risk for mobility disability and frailty. But many residents in AL may not perceive the need to increase their PA. This study explored the experience, meaning and perceptions of PA in 20 older adults in assisted living. Factors associated with PA were also examined. Qualitative data were collected using semi-structured interviews and analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) phenomenological methodology. Six themes were identified: PA was experienced as planned exercise, activities of daily living, and social activities based on a schedule or routine; PA meant independence and confidence in the future; residents perceived themselves as being physically active; social comparisons influenced perception of PA; personal health influenced PA; motivations and preferences influenced PA...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Pamela K Samra, Lynne Parkinson, Jannique Gz van Uffelen, Stephanie Schoeppe, Deborah Power, Anthony Schneiders, Corneel Vandelanotte, Stephanie J Alley
An understanding of physical activity attitudes, preferences, and experiences in older adults is important for informing interventions. Focus groups were conducted with 46 regionally-based Australian adults aged 65 years and older who were not currently meeting activity recommendations. Content analysis revealed that participants mainly engaged in incidental activities such as gardening and household chores rather than planned exercise; however, leisure time walking was also mentioned frequently. While participants valued the physical and mental health benefits of physical activity, they reported being restricted by poor physical health, extreme weather and fear of injury...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Alireza Ghardashi Afousi, Abbas Ali Gaeini
To investigate the effects of resistance training and Epicatechin supplementation on muscle strength, follistatin and myostatin in sarcopenic older adults, 62 sarcopenic males (68.63±2.86 years) underwent a supervised 8-week randomized controlled trial. Participants were divided into Resistance Training (RT), Epicatechin (EP), Resistance Training+Epicatechin (RT+EP), and Placebo (PL) in a double-blind method. A pretest and posttest measurement was conducted. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze between-group differences...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Gina M McCaskill, Olivio J Clay, Peng Li, Richard E Kennedy, Kathryn L Burgio, Cynthia J Brown
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of self-reported leisure-time physical activity, converted to kilocalorie expenditure and expressed as average daily expenditure, on all-cause mortality among older males 65 years of age and older in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging (SOA). Mean age of participants was 75.4 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models evaluated the predictors of overall survival. Kilocalorie expenditure (p = .01), Black race (p = ...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Ming Fung Godfrey Lui, Hung Kay Daniel Chow, Wai Ming Kenny Wong, Wai Nam William Tsang
The effects of a single 3-mg dose of melatonin on the postural control and cognitive performance of community-dwelling older adults were documented. The testing involved stepping down while performing a cognitive task (a Stroop test). Thirty-four older adults were recruited. Immediately before and 1 hr after taking a dose of melatonin, they completed a single-leg standing task after stepping down with and without a simultaneous Stroop test, and a double-leg standing task. The findings indicated a statistically significant increase in sway area under the dual-tasking condition after taking melatonin (p = ...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Élvio R Gouveia, Miguel G Valeiro
AIM: To assess the relationship between low-to-moderate-intensity physical activity (LMPA) in 2011 and chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013 among older European adults. METHODS: Participants (16,157 men and 21,260 women) from 13 European countries were interviewed about the presence of chronic conditions and LMPA. The association between LMPA and number of chronic diseases was assessed using logistic regression models. RESULTS: Most of the older adults participated in LMPA more than once a week (81...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Hongjun Yu, Andiara Schwingel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and health care expenditures among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a survey on 4,165 older men and women living in major cities in China. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly questionnaire. Health care costs were assessed by self-reported out-of-pocket health care expenditures across outpatient care, inpatient care, medication, and formal caregiver expenses...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
José D Jiménez-García, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Raquel Fábrega-Cuadros, Agustín Aibar-Almazán, David Cruz-Díaz, Antonio Martínez-Amat
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity interval training (MIIT) programs, both with a suspension training system, on several fall risk factors in healthy older adults. A total of 82 participants (68.49 ± 5.18 years) were randomized to HIIT (n=28), MIIT (n = 27), or control (n = 27) groups. Balance confidence (Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale), fear of falling (Falls Efficacy Scale International), dynamic balance (Timed Up and Go Test) and gait analysis (OptoGait optical detection system) were assessed...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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