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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338380/the-association-between-physical-activity-with-cognitive-function-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#1
Hanan Khalil, Mahmoud A Alomari, Omar Khabour, Aya Al-Hieshan, Jawad A Bajwa
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of physical capacity on the relationship of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with cognitive function in people with PD. For this study, serum BDNF levels were measured in 29 PD participants and 30 healthy controls. Cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) scale. Physical capacity was evaluated using the 6-min walk distance (6-MWD). Participants were categorized into low or high physical capacity group according to their 50th percentile 6-MWD...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095084/changes-on-walking-during-street-crossing-situations-and-on-dorsiflexion-strength-of-older-caribbean-americans-after-an-exercise-program-a-pilot-study
#2
Edgar R Vieira, Ruth Tappen, Sareen S Gropper, Maria T Severi, Gabriella Engstrom, Marcio R de Oliveira, Alexandre C Barbosa, Rubens A da Silva
The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate a 6-month exercise program completed by 10 older Caribbean Americans. Assessments were done at baseline and 3 and 6 months, and included walks on an instrumented mat at preferred speed, and during street crossing simulations with regular (10 s) and reduced time (5 s). There were no significant differences on preferred walking speed over time. Differences between the street crossing conditions were found only at 6 months. Significant changes over time among the assessments were found only during street crossing with reduced time...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787235/enhancing-physical-activity-as-life-style-behavior-in-older-persons-the-rome-statement
#3
Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure, Nico van Meeteren
Within the context of a globally aging population and associated age-related changes to social relationships and individual psycho-physiology, a coalition of mostly European Union (EU) organizations concerned with physical activity in older persons was formed in 2013. The coalition examined worldwide decreases in physical activity among older adults, and the resulting negative effects on health and function for those individuals. After holding expert panel meetings, the coalition developed recommendations about how to address macro and micro level changes to increase and sustain physical activity among older populations across Europe...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771111/adherence-and-attrition-in-fall-prevention-exercise-programs-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye, Susan Armijo-Olivo
Fall prevention exercise programs have been reported to be effective in minimizing falls in older adults. However, adherence and attrition in exercise programs remain a challenge. This study reviewed the evidence on how levels of adherence and attrition in fall prevention exercise programs may affect magnitude of effect of fall risk reduction in community-dwelling older adults. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on fall prevention exercise programs for community-dwelling older adults aged 65+ years published between 2005 and 2016 from six databases were undertaken...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771109/the-effects-of-the-pilates-training-method-on-balance-and-falls-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Noemi Moreno-Segura, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Yéntel Ballester-Gil, María Clara Blasco-Igual, Jose María Blasco
Exercising with the Pilates method may be a beneficial treatment to improve balance and decrease the number of falls. To ascertain this, our search in 7 databases included 15 randomized controlled trials in which Pilates was the primary intervention. Participants were over 60 years of age; the outcomes were related to balance and falls. The Cochrane tool and PEDro scale were used to assess risk of bias and quality of individual studies. Current evidence supported the view that exercising with the Pilates method improves the balance of older adults with a high practical effect in terms of the dynamic (SMD=0...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714802/binocular-vision-disorders-and-visual-attention-associations-with-balance-and-mobility-in-older-adults
#6
Mohammed M Althomali, Susan J Leat
Understanding which aspects of vision are related to falls is important. We examine the associations between tests of balance, mobility, fear of falling (FES-1) and aspects of vision in 72 adults aged 70+. Balance and mobility were examined using the One Legged Stance test (OLST), the Sit to Stand test (STST) and the 5 Meter Walking test (5MWT). Visual measures included visual acuity (VA), contrast sensitivity, stereoacuity, binocular vision (BV) measurements, Useful field of View (UFV) and Attended Field of View (AFOV)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714798/foot-rollover-temporal-parameters-during-walking-straight-ahead-and-stepping-over-obstacles-obese-and-non-obese-postmenopausal-women
#7
David Silva, Ronaldo Gabriel, Helena Moreira, João Abrantes, Aurélio Faria
The aim of this study was to compare the temporal foot rollover data between walking straight ahead and stepping over obstacles for obese and non-obese postmenopausal women. Plantar pressure data were collected from 67 women. The initial, final, and duration of contact of 10 foot areas were measured. Both limbs of both groups showed a longer foot contact duration on the obstacle task. Significant temporal differences were found for both groups between straight ahead and crossing obstacles on the initial, final, and duration of contact for several foot areas...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714795/analysis-of-physical-activity-among-free-living-nonagenarians-from-a-sardinian-longevous-population
#8
Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo, Michel Poulain
Physical activity was identified as a major determinant of longevity. Using wearable accelerometers, we evaluated energy expenditure (EE), including resting- (REE) and total-energy expenditure, (TEE), physical activity level (PAL), percentage of PAL ≥ 3 metabolic equivalent tasks (METs), number of steps, resting index (RI%) and sleeping patterns in 44 free-living nonagenarians (27 men) residing in a Sardinian village famous for its longevous population. The average REE and TEE recorded were: men 1278 ± 161 kcal/day and 957 ± 110, and women: 2286 ± 541kcal/day and 1811 ± 308 in the women, respectively...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714789/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-the-association-between-resilience-and-mental-health-in-older-adults
#9
Maria Priscila Wermelinger Ávila, Jimilly Caputo Corrêa, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between resilience and mental health in older adults and how physical activity influences that relationship. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 312 older adults (179 active and 133 sedentary classified by IPAQ). Considering the whole sample, an inverse relationship was found for resilience (Wagnild-Young's Resilience Scale) with depression and stress (DASS-21). Among the sedentary, in spite of there not being an association between total resilience and mental health, there was an inverse relationship for the "meaning of life" component of the resilience and depression scale...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657825/effectiveness-of-tai-chi-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-and-symptomatology-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Alexei Wong, Arturo Figueroa, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Oksana Chernykh, Song-Young Park
The present study examined the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi (TC) training regimen on heart rate variability (HRV), symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. Participants were randomly assigned to either a TC training group (n=18) or a control group (n=19). HRV, symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition were measured before and after 12 weeks. There were significant decreases (P<0.05) in sympathovagal balance (LnLF/LnHF), sympathetic tone (LnLF, nLF), pain, fatigue and significant increases (P<0...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657813/social-isolation-physical-capacity-and-physical-activity-in-older-community-dwelling-adults-post-hospitalisation
#11
Lauren M Robins, Ted Brown, Aislinn F Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Fiona McDermott, Terry Haines
This paper investigated the potential relationships between physical capacity and physical activity (recreational and household) with social isolation amongst older adults. Data for hospitalised Victorians (n= 311) were analysed in univariable, multivariable and latent growth curve analyses over six months. Measures included items from the Friendship Scale, Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6), Australian Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers Household (SDAC) and Phone-FITT. Over six months, improvements in physical capacity were related to reduced social isolation (-0...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657810/improvement-of-balance-stability-in-older-individuals-by-on-water-training
#12
Fabiana Rodrigues Ost, Caroline Ribeiro de Souza, Luis Augusto Teixeira
In the present investigation we evaluated the effect of stand-up paddle practice on upright postural control in older individuals. Participants were assigned to a group practicing stand-up paddle on seawater or to a walking control group. Balance stability was evaluated in the tandem Romberg and tiptoes postures, comparing the conditions of eyes open versus closed. Results showed that stand-up paddle practice led to reduced anteroposterior and mediolateral amplitudes of body sway in both visual conditions, while walking led to no effect on balance...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#13
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior-living facilities were randomized to either a 3 day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N = 121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400-m walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095094/female-age-related-differences-in-biomechanics-and-muscle-activity-during-descents-on-the-outstretched-arms
#14
Lauren J Lattimer, Joel L Lanovaz, Jonathan P Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Stephen Robinovitch, Cathy Arnold
The purposes of this study were to examine female age differences in: (1) upper extremity (UE) and trunk muscle activity, elbow joint moment, loading force, and UE energy absorption during a controlled forward body descent; and (2) UE muscle strength. Twenty young (mean 24.8 ± 3.4 years) and 20 older (68.4 ± 5.7 years) women were assessed via dynamometry for isometric, concentric, and eccentric UE strength and performed forward descents on force plates at three body lean angles (60°, 45°, and 30° from horizontal)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095088/modeling-longitudinal-relationships-between-habit-and-physical-activity-two-cross-lagged-panel-design-studies-in-older-adults
#15
Rob J H van Bree, Catherine Bolman, Aart N Mudde, Maartje M van Stralen, Denise A Peels, Hein de Vries, Lilian Lechner
These longitudinal studies in older adults targeted mediated relationships between habit and physical activity (PA). In The Netherlands two independent studies were conducted among 1976 (Study 1: Mage = 63.63, SD = 8.66, 30% functional limitations) and 2140 (Study 2: Mage = 62.75, SD = 8.57, 45% functional limitations) adults aged 50 years or older. Cross-lagged panel designs were applied to examine whether habit mediates the relationship between prior and later PA and whether PA simultaneously mediates the relationship between prior and later habit...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992251/a-comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-pilates-and-latin-dance-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-older-adults
#16
George Sofianidis, Anna-Maria Dimitriou, Vassilia Hatzitaki
The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of exercise programs with Pilates and Latin dance on older adults' static and dynamic balance. Thirty-two older adults were divided into three groups: Pilates group, Dance group, and Control group. Static and dynamic balance was assessed with following tasks: (a) tandem stance, (b) one-leg stance, and (c) periodic sway with and without metronome guidance. Analysis revealed a significant reduction of the trunk sway amplitude during the tandem stance with eyes closed, reduction in the center of pressure (CoP) displacement during one-leg stance, and increase in the amplitude of trunk oscillation during the sway task for both intervention groups, and reduction in the standard deviation of the CoP displacement during the metronome paced task only for the dance group...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992237/a-community-based-exergaming-physical-activity-program-improves-readiness-to-change-and-self-efficacy-among-rural-residing-older-adults
#17
Ashleigh J Sowle, Sarah L Francis, Jennifer A Margrett, Mack C Shelley, Warren D Franke
Rural-residing older adults (OA) are not meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations, such that identifying methods of increasing PA among OA remains an ongoing challenge. This study evaluated the effect of a community-based exergaming program on PA readiness-to-change and self-efficacy among rural-residing OA (n = 265). There was a significant (p = .008) increase in readiness-to-change classification from PRE to POST. Significant increases in self-efficacy, or confidence in their ability to be physically active for a prescribed period of time, were detected for 35 (p = ...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095105/regular-latin-dancing-and-health-education-may-improve-cognition-of-late-middle-aged-and-older-latinos
#18
David X Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, Charles Spanbauer
Disparities exist between Latinos and non-Latino Whites in cognitive function. Dance is culturally appropriate and challenges individuals physically and cognitively, yet the impact of regular dancing on cognitive function in older Latinos has not been examined. A two-group pilot trial was employed among inactive, older Latinos. Participants (N = 57) participated in the BAILAMOS(©) dance program or a health education program. Cognitive test scores were converted to z-scores and measures of global cognition and specific domains (executive function, episodic memory, working memory) were derived...
July 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918705/whole-body-vibration-training-improves-heart-rate-variability-and-body-fat-percentage-in-obese-hispanic-postmenopausal-women
#19
Gregory Severino, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Michelle Walters-Edwards, Michael Nordvall, Oksana Chernykh, Jason Adames, Alexei Wong
The present study examined the effects of a 6-week whole-body vibration training (WBVT) regimen on heart rate variability (HRV) and body composition in obese Hispanic postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned to either WBVT (n = 13) or a nonexercising control group (n = 14). HRV and body composition were measured before and after 6 weeks. There was a significant group by time interaction (P < .05) for heart rate, sympathovagal balance, and body fat percentage (BF%) such that all significantly decreased (P < ...
July 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918687/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-the-aging-plus-program-changing-views-on-aging-to-increase-physical-activity
#20
Allyson Brothers, Manfred Diehl
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the Aging(Plus) intervention program. Aging(Plus) is an 8-week multi-component motivational program which promotes increased physical activity by targeting adults' negative views on aging (NVOA) and perceptions of control, two known psychological barriers to physical exercise. A total of 62 adults, ages 50-82 years, participated in this feasibility study. We assessed NVOA, perceptions of control, and physical activity level at baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 4), and delayed posttest (Week 12)...
July 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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