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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181838/physical-activity-questionnaires-do-not-accurately-estimate-fitness-in-older-women
#1
Aurora de Fátima Cabral, Marcelo M Pinheiro, Charlles Hm Castro, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sergio Tufik, Vera L Szejnfeld
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of International Physical Activity Questionnaire - IPAQ and Baecke questionnaire to estimate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in healthy older women. METHODS: One hundred healthy women aged 60 years and older answered the IPAQ and Baecke questionnaires and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test. Six-minute walk (6MWT), Timed up and go (TUG) and handgrip strength test (HST) were also performed. RESULTS: Mean age and body mass index were 68...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181837/effect-of-different-types-of-physical-activity-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Christine E Roberts, Louise H Phillips, Clare L Cooper, Stuart Gray, Julia L Allan
Physical activity is associated with greater independence in old age. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity level and activity type on activities of daily living (ADL). This review systematically analyzed the effects of physical activity level and activity type on ADL in older adults (mean age, 60+). Electronic search methods (up to March 2015) identified 47 relevant, randomized controlled trials. Random effects meta-analyses revealed significant, beneficial effects of physical activity on ADL physical performance (SMD = 0...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181836/volume-exercise-in-older-athletes-influences-inflammatory-and-redox-responses-to-acute-exercise
#3
Andre L Estrela, Aline Zaparte, Jefferson D da Silva, José C Moreira, James E Turner, Moisés E Bauer
To examine whether the volume of previous exercise training in older athletes influences inflammatory, redox and hormonal profiles, forty trained marathon runners were divided into higher-volume (HVG, ~480 min/week) and lower-volume groups (LVG, ~240 min/week). Plasma inflammatory proteins, redox biomarkers and salivary testosterone and cortisol, were assessed at rest and following two maximal acute exercise bouts. At rest, the LVG exhibited higher CRP, higher protein carbonyls and lower SOD activity compared to the HVG (p's<0...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181834/functioning-without-cartilage-older-people-with-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-who-self-report-no-functional-limitations-do-score-lower-on-a-performance-battery
#4
Daniël M van Leeuwen, Fabian van de Bunt, Cornelis J de Ruiter, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Kaj S Emanuel
The majority of the older population shows signs of radiographic knee osteoarthritis. However, many remain without functional complaints for a long period. This study aims to find early functional changes associated with stages of radiographic knee osteoarthritis. A group of older people without self-reported complaints was divided in 2 groups, knee osteoarthritis (K&L=2-4, N=29) and control (K&L=0-1, N=31). Muscle function was assessed with voluntary and electrically stimulated isometric knee contractions, including a fatigue test...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181825/physical-activity-behavior-and-competing-activities-interrelations-in-55-to-70-year-old-germans
#5
Volker Cihlar, Sonia Lippke
In this study, we draw attention to time-competing activities and psychological variables as impeding or enabling factors of physical activity behavior in 55-to-70-year-old Germans. Cross-sectional data was used (n=4,891). Results indicate that paid work has a negative relationship with sufficient physical activity. Persons who provide nursing care seem to be motivated to achieve sufficient physical activity behavior, but do not meet established recommendations. Active citizenship positively relates to higher physical activity levels...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181824/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-healthcare-expenditures-related-to-arterial-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-sabe-study
#6
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: Research using questionnaires has shown that physical activity level (PAL) is associated with healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between objectively measured PAL and healthcare costs among hypertensive and diabetic non-institutionalized Brazilian older people. METHODS: Cross-sectional study forming part of the SABE Study, composed of 377 older people interviewed in 2010. Expenditures were estimated taking into account self-reported medicine prescription, outpatient service and hospitalizations, with the highest quartile of expenditures considered as a risk category...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120633/feasibility-and-impact-of-high-intensity-walking-training-in-frail-older-adults
#7
Margaret Danilovich, David Conroy, T George Hornby
To investigate the impact of high intensity walking training (HIWT) on pre-frail and frail older adults, five assisted living residents underwent a supervised 12-session intervention. The intervention consisted of 30 minutes of HIWT at 70-80% of heart rate reserve or ratings of 15 to 17 (hard to very hard) on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion scale. Training included walking at fast speeds, multi-directions, stairs, and outdoor surfaces with and without an assistive device. Training significantly reduced frailty using the SHARE-FI (p=0...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120631/the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-dyadic-intervention-with-physical-exercise-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk, Anne Margriet Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a Randomized Controlled Trial. METHODS: People with dementia and their family caregivers (n=111) were randomly assigned to 8 home based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, Executive Functioning (EF) and attention were assessed at baseline, and after three (post-measurement) and six months (follow-up)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095105/regular-latin-dancing-and-health-education-may-improve-cognition-of-late-middle-aged-and-older-latinos
#9
David X Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, Charles Spanbauer
Disparities exist between Latinos and non-Latino whites in cognitive function. Dance is culturally appropriate and challenges individuals physically and cognitively, yet the impact of regular dancing on cognitive function in older Latinos has not been examined. A two-group pilot trial was employed among inactive, older Latinos. Participants (N = 57) participated in the BAILAMOS(©) dance program or a health education program. Cognitive test scores were converted to z-scores and measures of global cognition and specific domains (executive function, episodic memory, working memory) were derived...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095104/the-relative-efficacy-of-land-based-and-water-based-exercise-training-on-macro-and-micro-vascular-functions-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Saowaluck Suntraluck, Hirofumi Tanaka, Daroonwan Suksom
Microvascular and macrovascular dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease. Twenty-nine older patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned into the land-based (LB; n=14) or water-based (WB; n=15) groups. Both groups completed supervised aerobic cycling exercises 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The WB group performed cycling exercise training in warm water (36°C) immersed to the hip level. After 12 weeks, blood glucose concentration and insulin resistance did not change but hemoglobin A1c levels decreased (P<0...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#11
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior living facilities were randomized to either a three day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N=121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400 meter walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095094/female-age-related-differences-in-biomechanics-and-muscle-activity-during-descents-on-the-outstretched-arms
#12
Lauren Jane Lattimer, Joel Lanovaz, Jon Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Stephen Robinovitch, Cathy Arnold
The purposes of this study were to examine female age differences in: 1) upper extremity (UE) and trunk muscle activity, elbow joint moment, loading force and UE energy absorption during a controlled forward body descent and 2) UE muscle strength. Twenty young (mean 24.8±3.4 yrs.) and 20 older (68.4±5.7 yrs.) women were assessed via dynamometry for isometric, concentric and eccentric UE strength and performed forward descents on force plates at three body lean angles (60, 45, and 30° from horizontal). Significant differences (p < ...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095088/modeling-longitudinal-relationships-between-habit-and-physical-activity-two-cross-lagged-panel-design-studies-in-older-adults
#13
Rob J H van Bree, Catherine Bolman, Aart N Mudde, Maartje M van Stralen, Denise A Peels, Hein de Vries, Lilian Lechner
These longitudinal studies in older adults targeted mediated relationships between habit and physical activity (PA). In The Netherlands two independent studies were conducted among 1976 (Study 1: Mage=63.63, SD=8.66, 30% functional limitations) and 2140 (Study 2: Mage=62.75, SD=8.57, 45% functional limitations) adults aged 50 years or older. Cross-lagged panel designs were applied to examine whether habit mediates the relationship between prior and later PA and whether PA simultaneously mediates the relationship between prior and later habit...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095085/building-community-stakeholder-perspectives-on-walking-in-malls-and-other-venues
#14
Basia Belza, Christina E Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K King, David X Marquez, Dina L Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg, David R Brown
Mall walking has been a popular physical activity for decades. However, little is known about why mall managers support these programs or why adults choose to walk. Our study aim was to describe mall walking programs from the perspective of walkers, managers, and leaders. Twenty-eight walkers, 16 walking program managers, and six walking program leaders from five states participated in a telephone or in-person semi-structured interview (N=50). Interview guides were developed using a social-ecological model...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095084/changes-on-walking-during-street-crossing-situations-and-on-dorsiflexion-strength-of-older-caribbean-americans-after-an-exercise-program-a-pilot-study
#15
Edgar R Vieira, Ruth Tappen, Sareen S Gropper, Maria T Severi, Gabriella Engstrom, Marcio R de Oliveira, Alexandre C Barbosa, Rubens A da Silva
The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate a 6-month exercise program completed by 10 older Caribbean Americans. Assessments were done at baseline, 3 and 6 months and included walks on an instrumented mat at preferred speed, and during street crossing simulations with regular (10s) and with reduced time (5s). There were no significant differences on preferred walking speed overtime. Differences between the street crossing conditions were found only at 6 months. Significant changes overtime among the assessments were found only during street crossing with reduced time...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992252/exploring-the-objective-and-perceived-environmental-attributes-of-older-adults-neighborhood-walking-routes-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#16
Mika R Moran, Perla Werner, Israel Doron, Neta HaGani, Yael Benvenisti, Abby C King, Sandra J Winter, Jylana L Sheats, Randi Garber, Hadas Motro, Shlomit Egron
Walking is a central form of physical activity among older adults that is associated with the physical environment at various scales. This mixed-methods study employs a concurrent nested design to explore objective and perceived environmental characteristics of older adults' local walking routes. This was achieved by integrating quantitative Geographic Information System (GIS) data with qualitative data obtained using the Stanford Discovery Tool (DT). Fifty-nine community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (14 men and 45 women aged 50+) were recruited in a snowball approach through community centers in the city of Haifa (Israel)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992251/a-comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-pilates-latin-dance-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-older-adults
#17
George Sofianidis, AnnaMaria Dimitriou, Vassilia Hatzitaki
The present study was designed to compare the effectiveness of exercise programs, exercise with Pilates and Latin dance, on older adults' static and dynamic balance. Thirty two older adults were divided into three groups, Pilates group, Dance group, and a Control group. Static and dynamic balance was assessed with following tasks: a) Tandem stance, b) one leg stance and c) periodic sway with and without metronome guidance. Analysis revealed a significant, reduction of the trunk sway amplitude during the Tandem stance with eyes closed, reduction in the Center of Pressure displacement during one-leg stance, increase in the amplitude of trunk oscillation during the sway task, for both intervention's groups and reduction in the standard deviation of the CoP displacement during the MP task only for the dance group...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992247/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-physical-activity-change-outcomes-of-the-aging-well-and-healthily-intervention-program-for-older-adults
#18
Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J Aartsen, Theo G van Tilburg, Astrid Chorus
The predictive value of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on intention and physical activity (PA) over time was examined. Data from the Aging Well and Healthily intervention program (targeting perceived behavioral control and attitude, not subjective norm) were analyzed, including pretest (T0), posttest (T1, except subjective norm) and 4-6 months follow-up (T2, PA outcomes only) (N = 387, M age 72 yrs). Structural equation modelling was used to test a TPB model. PA was measured subjectively using the Voorrips sports subscale (T0 and T2), items measuring perceived increase in PA (T1), and adherence to exercises (T1 and T2)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992237/a-community-based-exergaming-physical-activity-program-improves-readiness-to-change-and-self-efficacy-among-rural-residing-older-adults
#19
Ashleigh J Sowle, Sarah L Francis, Jennifer A Margrett, Mark C Shelley, Warren D Franke
Rural-residing older adults (OA) are not meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations, such that identifying methods of increasing PA among OA remains an ongoing challenge. This study evaluated the effect of a community-based exergaming program on PA readiness-to-change and self-efficacy among rural-residing OA (n=265). There was a significant (p=.008) increase in readiness-to-change classification from PRE to POST. Significant increases in self-efficacy, or confidence in their ability to be physically active for a prescribed period of time, were detected for 35 (p=...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918705/whole-body-vibration-training-improves-heart-rate-variability-and-body-fat-percentage-in-obese-hispanic-postmenopausal-women
#20
Gregory Severino, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Michelle Walters-Edwards, Michael Nordvall, Oksana Chernykh, Jason Adames, Alexei Wong
The present study examined the effects of a 6-week whole body vibration training (WBVT) regimen on heart rate variability (HRV) and body composition in obese Hispanic postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned to either WBVT (n=13) or non-exercising control group (n=14). HRV and body composition were measured before and after 6 weeks. There was a significant group x time interaction (P<0.05) for heart rate, sympathovagal balance and body fat percentage (BF%) such that all significantly decreased (P<0...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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