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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722637/psychometric-properties-of-8-item-physical-activity-enjoyment-scale-in-chinese-population
#1
Pak-Kwong Chung, Ka-Man Leung
This study examined the psychometric properties of the 8-item Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) in Hong Kong older adults. Study 1 assessed the scale's factor validity and test-retest reliability, whereas Study 2 examined its convergent validity in Hong Kong older adults. A total of 168 (Study 1) older adults completed the PACES twice over a 2-week interval, and 57 (Study 2) older adults completed both the 8-item PACES and a measure of quality of life. The results of both studies showed that the 8-item PACES had a high degree of internal consistency...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722604/kilocalorie-expenditure-and-all-cause-mortality-in-older-male-veterans-and-non-veterans
#2
Gina M McCaskill, Olivio J Clay, Peng Li, Richard E Kennedy, Kathryn L Burgio, Cynthia J Brown
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of self-reported leisure-time physical activity, converted to kilocalorie expenditure and expressed as average daily expenditure, on all-cause mortality among older males 65 years of age and older in the (SOUTH). Mean age of participants was 75.4 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models evaluated the predictors of overall survival. Kilocalorie expenditure (p = 0.01), black race (p = 0.02), young age (p < 0.00), fewer depressive symptoms (p = 0...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722593/a-life-course-examination-of-women-s-team-sport-participation-in-late-adulthood
#3
Jen D Wong, Julie S Son, Stephanie T West, Jill J Naar, Toni Liechty
This study contributes to the fields of aging and physical activity by applying the key principles of the life course perspective to investigate women's team sport participation experience in late adulthood. Through focus groups, data were collected from six competitive softball teams of women (N=64) ranging from 55 to 79 years old. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes related to the life course principles of historical context and place, social embeddedness, agency, as well as trajectories and timing...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722592/age-related-changes-in-achilles-tendon-stiffness-and-impact-on-functional-activities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Tijs Delabastita, Stijn Bogaerts, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Achilles tendon stiffness determines calf muscle functioning during functional activities. However, contrasting evidence was found in studies comparing Achilles tendon stiffness in older and younger adults. Therefore, this systematic review compares Achilles tendon stiffness and elastic modulus in older and younger adults and reviews functional implications. Studies revealed by systematic bibliographic searches were included if healthy older adults were investigated and if Achilles tendon stiffness was measured using ultrasound and dynamometry...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543125/the-effects-of-poi-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#5
Kate Riegle van West, Cathy Stinear, Ralph Buck
This study investigated the effects of poi (a weight on the end of a cord which is swung in circular patterns around the body) compared to Tai Chi on physical and cognitive function in healthy older adults. Seventy-nine participants (60 - 86 years) were randomly allocated to the poi or Tai Chi group. Physical and cognitive function were measured one month before, immediately before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention (2 lessons a week for 4 weeks). Immediately post intervention both groups improved postural stability, upper limb strength, and simple attention...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543113/physical-activity-level-and-risk-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Wuber J S Soares, Alexandre D Lopes, Eduardo Nogueira, Victor Candido, Suzana A Moraes, Monica R Perracini
This systematic review examines the association between physical activity (PA) level and risk of falling in community-dwelling older adults. A search of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Sport Discus, and Web of Science was performed in January 2017. Four prospective cohort studies investigating the incidence of falls in a period of at least 12 months and its association with the level of PA in people 60-plus years old were reviewed and pooled for meta-analysis. The pooled risk ratio for being a recurrent faller (2,420 participants) was 39% higher among those who were in the lowest PA level (RR = 1...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543109/psychological-connection-to-pickleball-assessing-motives-and-participation-in-older-adults
#7
Jonathan M Casper, Jung-Hwan Jeon
The purpose of this study was to examine psychological connection to the sport of pickleball by investigating active older adults (55 years and older) in relation to behavioral involvement and motives for participation. Data were collected via an online survey of a representative sample of active pickleball players in North Carolina (N = 690). The Psychological Continuum Model (PCM: Funk, 2008) categorized players into four distinct connection levels of Awareness, Attraction, Attachment, and Allegiance. Participants on each PCM level were analyzed based on playing length, play frequency, and motivations for participation (Competition, Diversion, Fitness, Skill Mastery, and Socialization)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543104/exploring-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-and-fall-efficacy-on-the-association-of-falls-on-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-assisted-living-population
#8
Nadia Schott, Maike Tietjens
Mobility restriction as a consequence of a fall is a major issue in assisted living facilities. Although many factors are related to falling, little is known about the relationship between falls, social support, falls efficacy, and physical activity. We examined the relationship between falls and the Social-Support-Questionnaire, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, and physical activity simultaneously in 81 older adults (66-94 years) using structural equation modeling (SEM). The SEM model revealed that being older was associated with lower falls efficacy and a higher number of falls...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485356/effects-of-corrective-training-on-drop-landing-ground-reaction-force-characteristics-and-lower-limb-kinematics-in-older-adults-with-genu-valgus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Morteza Madadi-Shad, Christopher McCrum, Kiros Karamanidis
The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise program on landing ground reaction force characteristics and lower limb kinematics in older adults with genu valgus. Twenty six older male adults with genu valgus were randomized into two groups. An experimental group conducted a 14- week corrective exercise program, while a control group did not perform any exercise. The experimental group displayed lower peak vertical, peak anterior and posterior, and peak medial ground reaction force components during the post-test compared to the pre-test...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485332/feasibility-of-an-outdoor-mindful-walking-program-for-reducing-negative-affect-in-older-adults
#10
Chih-Hsiang Yang, David E Conroy
Mindful walking has emerged as a potential intervention strategy to improve mental health and promote well-being in adult and clinical populations. This strategy has not been implemented specifically with older adults to date. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, sustainability, and preliminary efficacy of a mindful walking program for reducing negative affect in older adults. Community-dwelling older adults (n = 29) completed a one-month, outdoor mindful walking program distributed across eight 30-minute sessions...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485318/physical-activity-in-relation-to-sleep-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-china
#11
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li, Kun Li
This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe physical activity and sleep in 290 community-dwelling Chinese older adults and to examine the association between physical activity and poor sleep outcomes. Almost half of the sample were poor sleepers. The majority of the sample regularly participated in walking, some household activity and light sports; yet, only a small portion were involved in work-related activity or in strenuous sports. A greater level of overall physical activity [Odds Ratio (OR) =0...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485309/age-does-not-attenuate-maximal-velocity-adaptations-in-the-ipsilateral-and-contralateral-limbs-during-unilateral-resistance-training
#12
Garrett M Hester, Zachary K Pope, Mitchel A Magrini, Ryan J Colquhoun, Alejandra B Curiel, Carlos A Estrada, Alex A Olmos, Jason M DeFreitas
This study examined the effects of unilateral resistance training (RT) on maximal velocity parameters in the ipsilateral and contralateral legs in young and older males. Young (n = 22; age = 21.55 ± 2.23 yrs) and older (n = 20; age = 65.10 ± 9.65 yrs) males were assigned to training or control groups. Unilateral isokinetic RT of the knee extensors was performed for 4 weeks. Peak velocity (PV) and acceleration were identified during a dynamic maximal voluntary contraction before, at week 2, and after week 4 (POST) of RT...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714789/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-the-association-between-resilience-and-mental-health-in-older-adults
#13
Maria Priscila Wermelinger Ávila, Jimilly Caputo Corrêa, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between resilience and mental health in older adults and how physical activity influences that relationship. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 312 older adults (179 active and 133 sedentary classified by IPAQ). Considering the whole sample, an inverse relationship was found for resilience (Wagnild-Young's Resilience Scale) with depression and stress (DASS-21). Among the sedentary, in spite of there not being an association between total resilience and mental health, there was an inverse relationship for the "meaning of life" component of the resilience and depression scale...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657810/improvement-of-balance-stability-in-older-individuals-by-on-water-training
#14
Fabiana Rodrigues Osti, Caroline Ribeiro de Souza, Luis Augusto Teixeira
In the present investigation we evaluated the effect of stand-up paddle practice on upright postural control in older individuals. Participants were assigned to a group practicing stand-up paddle on seawater or to a walking control group. Balance stability was evaluated in the tandem Romberg and tiptoes postures, comparing the conditions of eyes open versus closed. Results showed that stand-up paddle practice led to reduced anteroposterior and mediolateral amplitudes of body sway in both visual conditions, while walking led to no effect on balance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431565/world-records-in-half-marathon-running-by-sex-and-age
#15
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi, Beat Knechtle
The relationship between age and elite marathon race times is well investigated, but little is known for half-marathon running. This study investigated the relationship between half-marathon race times and age in 1-year intervals by using the world singe age records in half-marathon running and the sex difference in performance from 5-91 years in men and 5-93 years in women. We found a 4th order-polynomial relationship between age and race time for both women and men. Women achieve their best half-marathon race time earlier in life than men, 23...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431561/effects-of-resistance-training-of-peripheral-muscles-versus-respiratory-muscles-in-institutionalized-older-adults-with-sarcopenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Maria À Cebrià I Iranzo, Mercè Balasch I Bernat, María Á Tortosa-Chuliá, Sebastià Balasch-Parisi
This study compares the effects of two resistance training programs in peripheral and respiratory musculature on muscle mass and strength and physical performance, and identify the appropriate muscle mass parameter for assessing the intervention effects. Thirty-seven institutionalized older Spanish adults with sarcopenia were analyzed: Control Group (n=17), Respiratory Muscle Training Group (n=9) and Peripheral Muscle Training Group (n=11). Pre and post-intervention, participants were assessed for Appendicular Skeletal Mass (ASM/height2; ASM/weight; ASM/BMI), isometric knee-extension, arm-flexion and handgrip strength, Inspiratory and Expiratory Maximal Pressures (MIP and MEP), and gait speed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431557/four-square-step-test-with-foam-is-more-accurate-than-those-without-foam-for-discriminating-between-older-adults-with-and-without-fall-history
#17
Phakkanut Mathurapongsakul, Akkradate Siriphorn
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the use of the four square step test (FSST) and the four square step test with foam surface (FSST+foam) scores for discriminating between adults, faller older adults, and non-faller older adults. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (18 for each group) were assessed using the FSST and FSST+foam. The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated and used to compare the accuracy of the tests. RESULTS: The FSST+foam was more accurate than FSST for discriminating between faller and non-faller older adults (AUCs were 0...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431549/self-paced-cycling-improves-cognition-on-institutionalized-older-adults-without-known-cognitive-impairment-a-15-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Silvia Varela, José M Cancela, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Carlos Ayán
This study aimed at identifying the effects of self-paced cycling on the cognitive and functional status and fall risk on institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment. Thirty-nine individuals were randomly assigned to an exercise (EG) or to a control (CG) group. The EG participants cycled at their self-selected intensity at least for 15 minutes daily during 15 months. The CG participants performed recreational activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Fuld Object Memory Evaluation, and Symbol Digit Modality Test were used for cognitive assessments...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345543/physical-activity-and-sitting-time-are-specifically-associated-with-multiple-chronic-diseases-and-medicine-intake-in-brazilian-older-adults
#19
Alex S Ribeiro, Luiz C Pereira, Danilo R P Silva, Leandro Dos Santos, Brad J Schoenfeld, Denilson C Teixeira, Edilson S Cyrino, Dartagnan P Guedes
The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time >4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence of ≥2 chronic diseases, while physical inactivity increases the likelihood of make use of ≥2 medicines in 95%...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345533/daily-bicycling-in-older-adults-may-be-effective-to-reduce-fall-risks-a-case-control-study
#20
Shani Batcir, Itshak Melzer
Older adults gain many health benefits from riding bicycles regularly. We aimed to explore whether older persons who ride bicycles regularly have better balance than controls. Balance control and voluntary stepping were assessed in 20 older adults aged 65 to 85 who live in an agricultural community village who regularly ride bicycles (BR), and 30 age- and gender-matched non-bicycle riders (NBR). Self-reported function and fear of fall were also assessed. Bicycle riders showed significantly better balance, faster voluntary stepping, and better self-reported advanced lower extremity function compared with NBR...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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