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Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry

Laura E Jennings, Matthias Schiedel, David S Hewings, Sarah Picaud, Corentine M C Laurin, Paul A Bruno, Joseph P Bluck, Amy R Scorah, Larissa See, Jessica K Reynolds, Mustafa Moroglu, Ishna N Mistry, Amy Hicks, Pavel Guzanov, James Clayton, Charles N G Evans, Giulia Stazi, Philip C Biggin, Anna K Mapp, Ester M Hammond, Philip G Humphreys, Panagis Filippakopoulos, Stuart J Conway
Ligands for the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family of bromodomains have shown promise as useful therapeutic agents for treating a range of cancers and inflammation. Here we report that our previously developed 3,5-dimethylisoxazole-based BET bromodomain ligand (OXFBD02) inhibits interactions of BRD4(1) with the RelA subunit of NF-κB, in addition to histone H4. This ligand shows a promising profile in a screen of the NCI-60 panel but was rapidly metabolised (t½  = 39.8 min). Structure-guided optimisation of compound properties led to the development of the 3-pyridyl-derived OXFBD04...
May 15, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Sen-Miao Ding, Tian Lan, Gao-Jie Ye, Jia-Jun Huang, You Hu, Yi-Ran Zhu, Bo Wang
Xanthone derivatives have shown good α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and have drawn increased attention as potential anti-diabetic compounds. In this study, a series of novel oxazolxanthones were designed, synthesized, and investigated as α-glucosidase inhibitors. Inhibition assays indicated that compounds 4-21 bearing oxazole rings exhibited up to 30-fold greater inhibitory activity compared to their corresponding parent compound 1b. Among them, compounds 5-21 (IC50  = 6.3 ± 0.4-38.5 ± 4...
May 15, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Farha Naaz, Ritika Srivastava, Anuradha Singh, Nidhi Singh, Rajesh Verma, Vishal K Singh, Ramendra K Singh
A new series of heterocyclic molecules bearing sulfonamide linkage has been synthesized and screened for antibacterial activity. During antibacterial screening using broath dilution method, molecules were found to be highly active (MIC value 50-3.1 µg/mL) against different human pathogens, namely B. cerus, S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa, and most effective against E. coli. A great synergistic effect was observed during determination of FIC where molecules were used in combination with reference drugs chloramphenicol and sulfamethoxazole...
May 11, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Ralph J Stevenson, Iman Azimi, Jack U Flanagan, Marco Inserra, Irina Vetter, Gregory R Monteith, William A Denny
The proteins Orai1 and STIM1 control store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) into cells. SOCE is important for migration, invasion and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells and has been proposed as a target for cancer drug discovery. Two hit compounds from a medium throughput screen, displayed encouraging inhibition of SOCE in MDA-MB-231 cells, as measured by a Fluorescence Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR) Ca2+ assay. Following NMR spectroscopic analysis of these hits and reassignment of their structures as 5-hydroxy-5-trifluoromethylpyrazolines, a series of analogues was prepared via thermal condensation reactions between substituted acylhydrazones and trifluoromethyl 1,3-dicarbonyl arenes...
May 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Petro Borysko, Yurii S Moroz, Oleksandr V Vasylchenko, Vasyl V Hurmach, Anastasia Starodubtseva, Natalia Stefanishena, Kateryna Nesteruk, Sergey Zozulya, Ivan S Kondratov, Oleksandr O Grygorenko
A combination approach of a fragment screening and "SAR by catalog" was used for the discovery of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitors. Initial screening of 3695-fragment library against bromodomain 1 of BRD4 using thermal shift assay (TSA), followed by initial hit validation, resulted in 73 fragment hits, which were used to construct a follow-up library selected from available screening collection. Additionally, analogs of inactive fragments, as well as a set of randomly selected compounds were also prepared (3 × 3200 compounds in total)...
May 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Paul Brear, Andrew North, Jessica Iegre, Kathy Hadje Georgiou, Alexandra Lubin, Laura Carro, William Green, Hannah F Sore, Marko Hyvönen, David R Spring
Increased CK2 levels are prevalent in many cancers. Combined with the critical role CK2 plays in many cell-signaling pathways, this makes it a prime target for down regulation to fight tumour growth. Herein, we report a fragment-based approach to inhibiting the interaction between CK2α and CK2β at the α-β interface of the holoenzyme. A fragment, CAM187, with an IC50 of 44 μM and a molecular weight of only 257 gmol-1 has been identified as the most promising compound. Importantly, the lead fragment only bound at the interface and was not observed in the ATP binding site of the protein when co-crystallised with CK2α...
May 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Omar M Khdour, Indrajit Bandyopadhyay, Sandipan Roy Chowdhury, Nishant P Visavadiya, Sidney M Hecht
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder resulting from reduced expression of the protein frataxin (FXN). Although its function is not fully understood, frataxin appears to help assemble iron sulfur clusters; these are critical for the function of many proteins, including those needed for mitochondrial energy production. Finding ways to increase FXN levels has been a major therapeutic strategy for this disease. Previously, we described a novel series of methylene violet analogues and their structural optimization as potential therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative and mitochondrial disorders...
May 4, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Sho Kaide, Masahiro Ono, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yoichi Shimizu, Yuji Nakamoto, Kaori Togashi, Aiko Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Hanaoka, Hideo Saji
In the amyloid cascade hypothesis, β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques is one of the major pathological biomarkers in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. We report the synthesis and evaluation of novel radiofluorinated chalcones, [18 F]4-dimethylamino-4'-fluoro-chalcone ([18 F]DMFC) and [18 F]4'-fluoro-4-methylamino-chalcone ([18 F]FMC), as Aβ imaging probes. The conversion of iodine directly introduced to the chalcone backbone into fluorine was successfully carried out by 18 F-labeling via the corresponding boronate precursors, achieving the direct introduction of fluorine-18 into the chalcone backbone to prepare [18 F]DMFC and [18 F]FMC...
May 3, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Hiroki Ueda, Atsushi Yoshimori, Hiroyuki Nakamura
Bicyclo[3,3,1]non-2-ene was used as a novel three-dimensional skeleton for the design and synthesis of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 inhibitors. Among the compounds synthesized, compound 4b was found to be a potent inhibitor of HIF-1α protein accumulation under hypoxia and inhibited HIF-1α transcriptional activity in HeLa (human cervical carcinoma) cells (half maximal inhibitory concentration [IC50 ] = 3.0 μM). The inhibition of HIF-1α accumulation induced by compound 4b was attenuated by treating the cells with MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, in a concentration-dependent manner, indicating that the compound 4b induces oxygen-independent proteasomal degradation of HIF-1α...
May 3, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Guolin Wu, Haixia Wang, Wenhui Zhou, Bihua Zeng, Wenhui Mo, Kejie Zhu, Rong Liu, Jia Zhou, Ceshi Chen, Haijun Chen
Recent studies revealed that MALT1 is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of ABC-DLBCL. Among several reported MALT1 inhibitors, MI-2 as an irreversible inhibitor represents a new class of ABC-DLBCL therapeutics. Due to its inherent potential cross-reactivity, further structure-activity relationship (SAR) study is imperative. In this work, five focused compound libraries based on the chemical structure of MI-2 are designed and synthesized. The systematic SARs revealed that the side chain of 2-methoxyethoxy has little impact on the activity and can be replaced by other functionalized groups, providing new MI-2 analogues with retained or enhanced potency...
May 2, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Chenglin Wang, Mingfei Zhu, Xiuhong Lu, Hong Wang, Weili Zhao, Xiongwen Zhang, Xiaochun Dong
We report herein the design and synthesis of a series of structural modified dimethylpyridazine compounds as novel hedgehog signaling pathway inhibitors. The bicyclic phthalazine core and 4-methylamino-piperidine moiety of Taladegib were replaced with dimethylpyridazine and different azacycle building blocks, respectively. The in vitro Gli-luciferase assay results demonstrate that the new scaffold still retained potent inhibitory potency. Piperidin-4-amine moiety was found to be the best linker between pharmacophores dimethylpyridazine and fluorine substituted benzoyl group...
May 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Rajaa Boulahjar, Angela Rincon Arias, Raphaël Bolteau, Nicolas Renault, Mathilde Coevoet, Amélie Barczyk, Romain Duroux, Saïd Yous, Patricia Melnyk, Laurence Agouridas
Imidazo[1,2a]pyridines have gained much interest in the field of medicinal chemistry research. In the aim of accessing new privileged structure, we decided to design and synthesize 8-aminated-imidazo[1,2a]pyridines substituted on positions 2 and 6. This scaffold, rarely found in the literature, was obtained via palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions (Suzuki reaction or N-hydroxysuccinimidyl activated ester method) and tested on adenosine receptor A2A . We demonstrated how incorporation of an exocyclic amine enhanced affinity towards this receptor while maintaining low cytotoxicity...
April 30, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Kai Gerlach, Scott Hobson, Christian Eickmeier, Ulrike Groß, Clemens Braun, Peter Sieger, Michel Garneau, Stefan Hoerer, Niklas Heine
The identification and optimization of a novel series of centrally efficacious gamma secretase modulators (GSMs) offering an alternative to the privileged aryl imidazole motif is described. Chiral bicyclic tetrahydroindazolyl amine substituted triazolopyridines were identified as structurally distinct novel series of GSMs. Representative compound BI-1408 ((R)-42) was demonstrated to be centrally efficacious in rats at a 30 mg/kg oral dose.
April 30, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Hidekazu Tokuhara, Yasuhiro Imaeda, Yoshiyuki Fukase, Koichi Iwanaga, Naohiro Taya, Koji Watanabe, Ray Kanagawa, Keisuke Matsuda, Yumiko Kajimoto, Keiji Kusumoto, Mitsuyo Kondo, Gyorgy Snell, Craig A Behnke, Takanobu Kuroita
We previously identified 2-tert-butyl-4-[(3-methoxypropyl)amino]-N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-[(3S,5R)-5-(morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidin-3-yl]pyrimidine-5-carboxamide 3 as a potent renin inhibitor. Since 3 showed unacceptably low bioavailability (BA) in rats, structural modification, using SBDD and focused on physicochemical properties was conducted to improve its PK profile while maintaining renin inhibitory activity. Conversion of the amino group attached at the 4-position of pyrimidine to methylene group improved PK profile and decreased renin inhibitory activity...
April 27, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Shizhen Zhao, Peng Wei, Mengya Wu, Xiangqian Zhang, Liyu Zhao, Xiaolin Jiang, Chenzhou Hao, Xin Su, Dongmei Zhao, Maosheng Cheng
To further enhance the anti-Aspergillus efficacy of our previously discovered antifungal lead compound 1, a series of benzoheterocycle analogues were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antifungal activity. The most promising compounds 13s and 14a exhibited excellent antifungal activity against C. albicans, C. neoformans, A. fumigatus and fluconazole-resistant C. albicans strains, that was superior or comparable to those of the reference drugs fluconazole and voriconazole. GC-MS analyses suggested that the novel compound 13s might have a similar mechanism to fluconazole by inhibiting fungal lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51)...
April 27, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Yasufumi Fuchi, Takashi Fukuda, Shigeki Sasaki
The 9-hydroxy-1,3-diazaphenoxazine-2-one unit was conjugated with the Eu3+ -cyclen complex through a linker. This diazaphenoxazine group was expected as an antenna unit for the excitation of europium ion, and a selective recognition site for 8-oxo-dGTP base. Among the synthesized three derivatives, the highest fluorescence emission was obtained by the complex constructed of an ethylene linker and the cyclen unit with three N,N-dimethylacetamide groups. The Eu3+ -cyclen complex exhibited a selective response to the 8-oxo-dGTP in aqueous media by a time-resolved fluorescence assay...
April 27, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Salama A Ouf, Sobhi M Gomha, Mohamed Eweis, Ahmed S Ouf, Ihab A Sharawy
A series of fourteen novel synthesized arylazothiazole and arylhydrazothiazole derivatives were tested for their antifungal activity and structure-activity relationship. The activity of the compounds depends mainly on the side chains of the nucleus compound. The antifungal activity was more significant when both side chains are aromatic > one aromatic and one aliphatic and substituted aromatic with CH3 or OCH3  > non-substituted > substituted aromatic with chloro- or nitro-groups. Thiazole derivatives 7a, 7c, 7e, 7f, 7 g, 7i, 7 m, and 11a showed the most effective as antifungal compounds and were comparable with fluconazole as antifungal reference drug when investigated against Candida albicans, Microsporum gypseum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes...
April 27, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Mekala Gunaratnam, Gavin W Collie, Anthony P Reszka, Alan K Todd, Gary N Parkinson, Stephen Neidle
Gastro-intestinal tumours (GISTs) are driven by aberrant expression of the c-KIT oncoprotein. They can be effectively treated by the kinase inhibitor imatinib, which locks the c-KIT kinase domain into an inactive conformation. However resistance to imatinib, driven by active-site mutations, is a recurrent clinical challenge, which has been only partly met by the subsequent development of second and third-generation c-KIT inhibitors. It is reported here that a tetra-substituted naphthalene diimide derivative, which is a micromolar inhibitor of cell growth in a wild-type patient-derived GIST cell line, has a sub-micromolar activity in two distinct patient-derived imatinib-resistant cell lines...
April 26, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Yuki Tominaga, Kenji Usui, Akiyoshi Hirata, Hiro-O Ito, Kiyoshi Nokihara
A fundamental method has been developed focusing on a facile and rapid examination of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an oral disease thought to affect 80% of adults, and early detection with treatment is desirable for the improvement of the quality of life. Unfortunately conventional methods are not consistent as the disease is caused by a number of undefined bacteria and detection relies on the skills of the dentist. Thus an objective detection system is required. We have performed an experiment on saliva using a novel biodetection system, designated PepTenChip®...
April 24, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Wei Wang, Xiu Feng, Huan-Xiang Liu, Shi-Wu Chen, Ling Hui
A series of 2,4-disubstituted phthalazinones were synthesized and their biological activities, including antiproliferation, inhibition against Aurora kinases and cell cycle effects were evaluated. Among them, N-cyclohexyl-4-((4-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1-oxophthalazin-2(1H)-yl) methyl) benzamide (12c) exhibited the most potent antiproliferation against five carcinoma cell lines (HeLa, A549, HepG2, LoVo and HCT116 cells) with IC50 values in range of 2.2-4.6 μM, while the IC50 value of reference compound VX-680 was 8...
April 23, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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