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Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry

Manjulatha Khanapur, Mallika Alvala, Maddela Prabhakar, K Shiva Kumar, R K Edwin, P S V K Sri Saranya, Raj Kumar Patel, Gopalakrishnan Bulusu, P Misra, Manojit Pal
Mycobacterium tuberculosis chorismate mutase (MtbCM) catalyzes the rearrangement of chorismate to prephenate in the shikimate biosynthetic pathway to form the essential amino acids, phenylalanine and tyrosine. Two genes encoding chorismate mutase have been identified in Mtb. The secretory form,∗MtbCM (encoded by Rv1885c) is assumed to play a key role in pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Also, the inhibition of MtbCM may hinder the supply of nutrients to the organism. Indeed, the existence of chorismate mutase (CM) in bacteria, fungi and higher plants but not in human and low sequence homology among known CM makes it an interesting target for the discovery of anti-tubercular agents...
February 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Juliana R Gubiani, E M Kithsiri Wijeratne, Taoda Shi, Angela R Araujo, A Elizabeth Arnold, Eli Chapman, A A Leslie Gunatilaka
Incorporation of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), to a culture broth of the endophytic fungus Phoma sp. nov. LG0217 isolated from Parkinsonia microphylla changed its metabolite profile and resulted in the production of (10'S)-verruculide B (1), vermistatin (2) and dihydrovermistatin (3). When cultured in the absence of the epigenetic modifier, it produced a new metabolite, (S,Z)-5-(3',4'-dihydroxybutyldiene)-3-propylfuran-2(5H)-one (4) together with nafuredin (5)...
February 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Ya-Sheng Li, De-Kun Hu, Dong-Sheng Zhao, Xing-Yu Liu, Hong-Wei Jin, Gao-Peng Song, Zi-Ning Cui, Lian-Hui Zhang
In this study, a series of pyrazole derivatives containing 4-phenyl-2-oxazole moiety were designed and synthesized in a concise way, some of which exhibited considerable inhibitory activity against PDE4B and blockade of LPS-induced TNF-α release. Compound 4c displayed the strongest inhibition activity (IC50=1.6±0.4μM) and good selectivity against PDE4B. Meanwhile, compound 4c showed good in vivo activity in animal models of asthma/COPD and sepsis induced by LPS. The primary structure-activity relationship study showed the 3,5-dimethylpyrazole residue was essential for the bioactivity, and the substituted group R1 at the benzene ring also affected the activity...
February 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Martin Krátký, Jarmila Vinšová, Jiřina Stolaříková
Twenty-four 2-(4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidin-3-yl)acetic acid (rhodanine-3-acetic acid)-based amides, esters and 5-arylalkylidene derivatives were synthesized, characterized and evaluated as potential antimicrobial agents against a panel of bacteria, mycobacteria and fungi. All of the derivatives were active against mycobacteria. N-(4-Chlorophenyl)-2-[5-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidin-3-yl]acetamide demonstrated the highest activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 8-16μM...
February 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Hiroko Yamashita, Takashi Misawa, Makoto Oba, Masakazu Tanaka, Mikihiko Naito, Masaaki Kurihara, Yosuke Demizu
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) have attracted many scientists' attention as intracellular delivery tools due to their high cargo molecule transportation efficiency and low cytotoxicity. Therefore, in many research fields CPP, such as HIV-Tat and oligoarginine (Rn), are used to deliver hydrophilic drugs and biomolecules, including proteins, DNA, and RNA. We designed four types of CPP that contained cationic α,α-disubstituted amino acids (Api(C2Gu) and Api(C4Gu)) as helical promoters; i.e., 1-4 [FAM-β-Ala-(l-Arg-l-Arg-Xaa)3-(Gly)3-NH2 (1: Xaa=Api(C2Gu), 2: Xaa=Api(C4Gu)), 3: FAM-β-Ala-(l-Arg)8-Api(C2Gu)-(Gly)3-NH2, and 4: FAM-β-Ala-(l-Arg)5-Api(C2Gu)-(l-Arg)2-Api(C2Gu)-(Gly)3-NH2], and investigated their preferred secondary structures and cell membrane-penetrating ability...
February 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Omer Kacar, Buse Cevatemre, Ibrahim Hatipoglu, Nazli Arda, Engin Ulukaya, Veysel T Yilmaz, Ceyda Acilan
OBJECTIVES: Palladium complexes are potent and less toxic molecules in comparison to other metal based agents. Here, we characterized two palladium(II) saccharinate complexes with terpyridine for their cell cycle specificity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were arrested at G1, G1/S boundary or mitosis using mimosine, double-Thymidine block, aphidicolin, nocodazole or colcemid, and evaluated based on morphology and flow cytometry. Synchronized cells were treated with the Pd(II) complexes, and viability was measured via MTT assay...
January 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Naoki Teno, Yusuke Iguchi, Yukiko Yamashita, Nobuhiro Mori, Mizuho Une, Tomoko Nishimaki-Mogami, Keigo Gohda
We describe here a novel chemotype with substituted benzimidazole scaffold for nonsteroidal farnesoid X receptor (FXR) antagonists starting from the identification of a screening hit, BB-4. Structure diversity in four regions A-D of BB-4 or 1 is discussed. In particular, regions A and C had an effect on an antagonism against FXR as demonstrated by the derivatives represented by 7 and 15, respectively. Thus, compound 19 arising from the combination of regions A and C underscored an important fact on antagonism against FXR, also showing the reduced small heterodimer partner and the increased cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase expression levels...
January 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Francesca Pintus, Maria J Matos, Santiago Vilar, George Hripcsak, Carla Varela, Eugenio Uriarte, Lourdes Santana, Fernanda Borges, Rosaria Medda, Amalia Di Petrillo, Benedetta Era, Antonella Fais
Melanogenesis is a physiological pathway for the formation of melanin. Tyrosinase catalyzes the first step of this process and down-regulation of its activity is responsible for the inhibition of melanogenesis. The search for molecules capable of controlling hyperpigmentation is a trend topic in health and cosmetics. A series of heteroarylcoumarins have been synthesized and evaluated. Compounds 4 and 8 exhibited higher tyrosinase inhibitory activities (IC50=0.15 and 0.38μM, respectively), than the reference compound, kojic acid (IC50=17...
January 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Takehiko Iwaki, Yoshiaki Oyama, Toshiyuki Tomoo, Taisaku Tanaka, Yoshihiko Okamura, Masako Sugiyama, Akira Yamaki, Mayumi Furuya
Novel agonists of the Natriuretic Peptide Receptor A (NPR-A) were obtained through random screening and subsequent structural modification of triazine derivatives. The key structural feature to improve in vitro activity was the dimerization of triazine monomer derivatives. The non peptide derivative 7c and 13a showed highly potent NPR-A agonistic activity in vitro and diuretic activity in vivo. These results implied that non-peptidic small molecules open the possibility of new therapy for congestive heart failure...
January 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Duygu Tunc, Egemen Dere, Didem Karakas, Buse Cevatemre, Veysel Turan Yilmaz, Engin Ulukaya
Metal-based chemotherapeutics such as cisplatin are widely used treatment of lung cancer which is the major cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Recent studies demonstrated that novel metal-based compounds have strong cytotoxic activity in a similar way as cisplatin. Therefore, metal-based compounds have been synthesized and investigated in order to determine their cytotoxic activities. It has been also reported curcumin, which has been derived from turmeric plant, has powerful cytotoxic effect on various cancer cell lines...
January 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Eoin R Gould, Elizabeth F B King, Stefanie K Menzies, Andrew L Fraser, Lindsay B Tulloch, Marija K Zacharova, Terry K Smith, Gordon J Florence
The need for new treatments for the neglected tropical diseases African sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and Leishmaniasis remains urgent with the diseases widespread in tropical regions, affecting the world's very poorest. We have previously reported bis-tetrahydropyran 1,4-triazole analogues designed as mimics of the annonaceous acetogenin natural product chamuvarinin, which maintained trypanocidal activity. Building upon these studies, we here report related triazole compounds with pendant heterocycles, mimicking the original butenolide of the natural product...
January 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Aylin Viviana Silva-Ortiz, Eugene Bratoeff, Teresa Ramírez-Apan, Yvonne Heuze, Juan Soriano, Isabel Moreno, Marisol Bravo, Lucero Bautista, Marisa Cabeza
The aim of this study was to synthesize several 16-dehydropregnenolone derivatives containing an imidazole ring at C-21 and a different ester moiety at C-3 as inhibitors of 5α-reductase 1 and 2 isoenzymes. Their binding capacity to the androgen receptor (AR) was also studied. Additionally, we evaluated their pharmacological effect in a castrated hamster model and their cytotoxic activity on a panel of cancer cells (PC-3, MCF7, SK-LU-1). The results showed that only the derivatives with an alicyclic ester at C-3 showed 5α-R2 enzyme inhibition activity, the most potent of them being 21-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-20-oxopregna-5,16-dien-3β-yl-cyclohexanecarboxylate with an IC50 of 29nM...
January 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Peggoty Mutai, Gilles Breuzard, Alessandra Pagano, Diane Allegro, Vincent Peyrot, Kelly Chibale
The synthesis of twenty-six 4-arylcoumarin analogues of combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) led to the identification of two new compounds (25 and 26) with strong cytotoxic activity. Both compounds had a high cytotoxic effect on a CA-4-resistant colon adenocarcinoma cell line (HT29D4). The compounds affected cell cycle progression characterized by a mitotic block. The activity of these compounds against microtubules both in vitro and in cells was examined and both compounds were found to potently inhibit in vitro microtubule formation via a sub-stoichiometric mode like CA-4...
January 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Mingze Qin, Shuang Yan, Lei Wang, Haotian Zhang, Ye Tian, Yanfang Zhao, Ping Gong
Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis through simultaneously disturbing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) mediated signaling pathways is a well-established approach in intervention of tumor. A series of 6-methoxycarbonyl indolinones bearing a pyrrole Mannich base moiety were synthesized and evaluated as potent angiokinase inhibitors. Compound 8a demonstrated favorable enzymatic activity against all subtypes of VEGFR and PDGFR. Also, it potently suppressed proliferation of HT-29 cells by inducing apoptosis...
January 25, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Sara Roslin, Maria De Rosa, Winnie Deuther-Conrad, Jonas Eriksson, Luke R Odell, Gunnar Antoni, Peter Brust, Mats Larhed
Herein, new ligands for the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT), based on a benzovesamicol scaffold, are presented. VAChT is acknowledged as a marker for cholinergic neurons and a positron emission tomography tracer for VAChT could serve as a tool for quantitative analysis of cholinergic neuronal density. With an easily accessible triflate precursor, aminocarbonylations were utilized to evaluate the chemical space around the C5 position on the tetrahydronaphthol ring. Synthesized ligands were evaluated for their affinity and selectivity for VAChT...
January 25, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Svetlana V Vasilyeva, Alexander A Shtil, Albina S Petrova, Sergei M Balakhnin, Polina Y Achigecheva, Dmitry A Stetsenko, Vladimir N Silnikov
Conjugates of phosphorylated dideoxynucleoside antiviral drugs dideoxycytidine (zalcitabine) and lamivudine with SiO2 nanoparticles were obtained via the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click chemistry between a nucleoside triphosphate containing an alkynyl group at the γ-phosphate or azidothymidine triphosphate and SiO2 nanoparticles containing alkyl azide or alkynyl groups, respectively. 4-(Prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)butylamino group has been attached to the γ-phosphate group of dideoxycytidine (zalcitabine) and lamivudine 5'-triphosphates via the phosphoramidate linkage...
January 25, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Khan T Osman, Juntao Ye, Zhihao Shi, Christina Toker, Diogo Lovato, Rajiv S Jumani, William Zuercher, Christopher D Huston, Aled M Edwards, Mark Lautens, Vijayaratnam Santhakumar, Raymond Hui
FIKKs are parasite-specific protein kinases with distinctive sequence motifs and their biological roles have not been completely elucidated. Here, we report the first potent Cryptosporidium FIKK (CpFIKK) inhibitor. We identified 4b as a potent (IC50=0.2nM) inhibitor of CpFIKK catalytic activity. In addition, we identified both CpCDPK1 selective as well as dually acting CpFIKK-CDPK1 inhibitors from the same structural class of compounds. We evaluated these CpFIKK inhibitors for inhibition of parasite growth in vitro...
January 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Alane B Vermelho, Giseli R Capaci, Igor A Rodrigues, Verônica S Cardoso, Ana Maria Mazotto, Claudiu T Supuran
Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania spp. are protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family, being the etiological agents of two widespread parasitic diseases, Chagas disease and leishmaniasis, respectively. Both parasites are the focus of worldwide research with the aim to find effective and less toxic drugs than the few ones available so far, and for controlling the spread of the diseases. Carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC belonging to the α- and β-class were recently identified in these protozoans and several studies suggested that they could be new targets for drug development...
January 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Alaa A-M Abdel-Aziz, Andrea Angeli, Adel S El-Azab, Mohamed A Abu El-Enin, Claudiu T Supuran
A group of cyclic imides was synthesized by reaction of amino-substituted benzenesulfonamides with a series of acid anhydrides such as succinic, maleic, tetrahydrophthalic, pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid anhydride, and substituted phthalic anhydrides. The synthesized sulfonamides were evaluated as carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC inhibitors against the human (h) isoforms hCA I, II, IV and IX, involved in a variety of diseases among which glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, etc. Some of these sulfonamides showed effective inhibitory action (in the nanomolar range) against the cytosolic isoform hCA II and the transmembrane, tumor-associated one hCA IX, making them interesting candidates for preclinical evaluation in glaucoma or various tumors in which the two enzymes are involved...
January 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Yann Le Duc, Erol Licsandru, Daniela Vullo, Mihail Barboiu, Claudiu T Supuran
A series of ureas was prepared by reacting mono- or di- isocyanates with 3-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole derivatives. The new carboxamides were investigated as activators of two human (h) carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC, the physiologically relevant isoforms hCA I and II, considering the fact that they have structural resemblance to histamine, a well-known CA activator. Highly effective activators were detected in the series, with potency in the low nanomolar and subnanomolar range, depending on the substitution pattern at the 1,2,4-triazole ring and the nature of the linker between the two heterocyclic rings, in the case of the diureas...
January 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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